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Full text of "National American woman suffrage association. Proceedings"



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PROGRAM 



THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19TH 
Evening, 8.00 O'Clock 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING, in the Red Room at the 
Seelbach. 
Recommendations from the Official Board. 
Roll-call of States for New Business. 

FRIDAY, OCTOBER 20TH 
Morning, 10.00 O'Clock 

Convention called to order by the President. 
Welcome from Kentucky — 

Laura Clay, President of Kentucky Equal Rights Association. 
Response on behalf of National American Woman Suffrage Asso- 
ciation — 
Catherine Waugh McCulloch. 
Appointment of Committees — 
Courtesies. 
Credentials. 
Resolutions. 

Recommendations from Executive Committee. 
Reports of Chairmen of Committees — 

Local Arrangements Lucy E. Anthony 

Presidential Suffrage Elizabeth U. Yates 

Enrollment Mary D. Hussey 

Railroad Rates Marcia A. Townsend 

Literature Myra Strawn Hartshorn 

Report of Treasurer Jessie Ashley 

Report of Auditors Laura Clay 

Report of Corresponding Secretary Mary Ware Dennett 

Report of Press Bureau Caroline I. Reilly 

Report of "The Woman's Journal" Agnes E. Ryan 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'Clock 

Greetings from Fraternal Delegates. 

Conference— The Proper Function of the National Association. 

Anna Blount, Illinois. 

Katherine Houghton Hepburn, Connecticut. 

M. Carey Thomas, Pennsylvania. 
Discussion of the Proposed New Constitution. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Evening, 8.00 O'Clock 

Anna Howard Shaw, Presiding. 
Music — 

a. "The Lost Arrow" Stewart 

(From the Legends of the Yosemite.) 

b. "Charity" McDermid 

Mrs. Ellis. 
Prayer — 

JUBILEE NIGHT 
The Colorado Aid Association — 

Omar E. Garwood. 
The Washington Victory — 

E. A. Shores, Tacoma. 

Catherine M. Smith, Seattle. 
The California Campaign — 

Mary D. Fisk. 

J. H. Braly. 

Elizabeth Lowe Watson. 
President's Annual Address — 

Anna Howard Shaw. 

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 21ST 
Morning, 10.00 O'Clock 

Report of the Credential Committee Jessie Ashley 

Conference — How to Reach the Uninterested. 
Mary Bakewell, Pennsylvania. 
Elizabeth King Ellicott, Maryland. 

Reports of State Presidents — 

South Dakota Mrs. John L. Pyle 

Kentucky Laura Clay 

Illinois Ella Sears Stewart 

Colorado Harriett G. R. Wright 

Texas Annette Finnigan 

Iowa Harriet Belvel Evans 

Louisiana Kate M. Gordon 

Connecticut Katherine Houghton Hepburn 

California Elizabeth Lowe Watson 

Conference — Propaganda. 

Grace Gallatin Seton, Connecticut: 
Susan W. Fitzgerald, Massachusetts. 
Mary Winsor, Pennsylvania. 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'Clock 

Report of Legal Advisor .Catherine Waugh McCulloch 

Reports of State Presidents — 

Oklahoma Ruth Gay 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 7 

District of Columbia Harrietts J. Hifton 

Missouri Mrs. Robt. M. Atkinson 

Nebraska'.'.'.".".'.' Dr - Inez G - Philbrick 

New Hampshire Mary N. Chase 

Minnesota ; Emily C. Dobbin 

Discussion of Proposed New Constitution. 

Evening, 8.00 O'Clock 
COLLEGE NIGHT 
M. Carey Thomas, Presiding. 
Prayer — 

Music — ~ 

(iT ,. , ,, Stewart 

a. Lullaby * . 

b "The Starling in the Steeple" Lisa Lehmann 

c. "Frau Nachtigall" Taubert 

Mrs. Davenport. 
Address— "What Woman Might Accomplish With the Franchise"— 

Jane Addams. n 

Address— "What Woman Suffrage Means to College Women — 

M. Carey Thomas. 

SUNDAY, OCTOBER 22ND 
Afternoon, 3.00 O'Clock 

Anna Howard Shaw, Presiding. 

Prayer — 

Address-"Wanted-An Architect" Miss Mary Johnston 

Address— "Woman's Influence in Public Affairs" .. Dr. Harvey W. Wiley 
Address— "Working Women's Interest in the Ballot"— 

Miss Sophonisba Breckenridge 

Address— "A New Phase of 'Home Rule' for Cities"— 

Mrs. Caroline Bartlett Crane 

Evening, 8.00 O'Clock 

The officers of the Association "At Home" to the members of the Con- 
vention, at the Seelbach. 

MONDAY, OCTOBER 23RD 
Morning, 10.00 O'Clock 

Conference— Political District Organization. 

Mary D. Fisk, New York. 

Caroline Katzen stein, Pennsylvania. 

Gertrude Duncan, New York. 

Anna Anthony Bacon, Ohio. 
Election of Officers — 



8 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Reports from State Presidents — 

Maine Fannie J. Fernald 

New York Harriet May Mills 

New Jersey Clara Laddey 

Ohio Pauline Steinem 

Rhode Island Elizabeth U. Yates 

Massachusetts Alice Stone Blackwell 

Virginia Lila Meade Valentine 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'Clock 

Reports of State Presidents — 

Wisconsin Olympia Brown 

Maryland Emma Maddox Funck 

Report of the Committee on Church Work Mary E. Craigie 

The New Hampshire Constitutional Convention Agnes M. Jenks 

Report of the Committee on Peace and Arbitration Lucia Ames Mead 

Report of the College Equal Suffrage League Martha Gruening 

Address — "The Effect of Suffrage Work Upon Women 

Themselves" Katharine W. McCormick 

Report of the Susan B. Anthony Suffrage Fund Kate M. Gordon 

Conference — Raising Money — 

Emily Pierson, Connecticut. 

Ella Sears Stewart, Illinois. 

Elizabeth Pope, New York. 
Pledges for next year's work. 

Evening, 8.00 O'Clock 

MISCELLANEOUS NIGHT. 

Anna Howard Shaw, Presiding. 
Prayer — 
Presentation of "The Woman's Journal" Cup. 

"If Women Voted" Inez Milholland 

Suffrage Slide Lecture Susan W. Fitzgerald 

Two Suffrage Monologues Marjorie Benton Cooke 

Play — "How the Vote Was Won" Fola La Follette 

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24TH 

Morning, 10.00 O'Clock 

Report of the Committee on Resolutions — 
In Memory of 

Mrs. Elizabeth Smith Miller. 

Mrs. Eliza Wright Osborne. 

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell. 

Mrs. Lillian M. Hollister. 



MIXUTES OF SUFFRAGE COXVEXTIOX 9 

Reports from National Organizers — 
Laura Gregg Cannon. 
Ida Porter Boyer. 
Barton O. Aylesworth. 
Perle Penfield. 
Harriet Grim. 

Report of Committee on Endorsements by Organizations — 
Mary Ware Dennett. 

Reports from State Presidents — 

Vermont J ULIA a. Pierce 

West Virginia May B. Hornbrook 

Utah Emily S. Richards 

Tennessee Martha Allen 

Delaware Martha S. Cranston 

Georgia Mary L. McLendon 

Mississippi Nellie N. Somerville 

Michigan Clara B. Arthur 

Indiana Anna Dunn Noland 

Conference — Legislative Work — 
Harriet May Mills, New York. 
Lucy M. Johnston, Kansas. 
Stella H. Stubbs, Kansas. 
Ada L. James, Wisconsin. 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'Clock 

Report of Committee on Education Pauline Steinem 

Report of Congressional Committee Emma M. Gillett 

Conference — Press Work — 

Caroline I. Reilly, New York. 

Nellie N. Somerville, Mississippi. 

Lila W. Thomson, Mississippi. 

Vandalia Thomas, Illinois. 

Mabel Craft Deering, California. 

Elizabeth G. Peckham, Wisconsin. 
Report of Friends Equal Rights Association — 

Mary Bentley Thomas, President. 
Report of Equal Franchise Society — 

Margaret Chanler Aldrich, Acting President. 

Address— "Let Our Watchword Be Unity" Mrs. T. P. O'Connor 

Con f erence — Publ icity — 

Anna Anthony Bacon, Ohio. 

Jessie H. Stubbs, Illinois. 

Emily E. Dobbin, Minnesota. 



10 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Evening, 8.00 O'Clock 

Anna Howard Shaw, Presiding. 
Prayer — 

Address — Mrs. Desha Breckenridge. 
Address — Mrs. Pankhurst. 
Closing Remarks of the President. 
National Air. 

WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25TH 
Morning, 10.00 O'Clock 

Final Executive Committee Meeting at the Seelbach — Red Room. 

Afternoon 

Excursion to Mammoth Cave. 



REPORT OF THE AUDITORS. 

We have examined the books and vouchers of the Na- 
tional Treasurer, and we find the accounts correct. 

LAURA CLAY, 

ALICE STONE BLACKWELL, 

Auditors. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

State Entitled to Present Dues 

California 11 9 $ 89.00 

Colorado 1 1 5.00 

Connecticut 6 4 35.00 

Delaware 1 8.50 

District of Columbia 4 4 14.20 

Georgia 1 2.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 11 

State Entitled to Present Dnes 

Illinois 13 11 106.00 

Iowa 9 4 64.00 

Indiana 1 1 5.30 

Kentucky 14 14 119.00 

Louisiana 10 2 75.00 

Maine 4 4 19.30 

Maryland 18 1 138.00 

Massachusetts 20 7 171.54 

Michigan 4 4 13.90 

Minnesota 6 5 39.60 

Missouri 4 4 15.00 

Mississippi 1 1 5.00 

Nebraska 7 1 45.10 

New Hampshire 6 2 32.00 

New Jersey 8 1 52.10 

New York 56 16 540.00 

Ohio 10 10 78.10 

Oklahoma 5 2 25.00 

Oregon 1 5.00 

Pennsylvania 13 8 105.10 

Rhode Island 4 2 14.10 

South Dakota 4 1 17.30 

Texas 1 5.10 

Tennessee 1 6.00 

Utah 4 20.00 

Vermont 1 6.00 

Virginia 5 3 25.00 

West Virginia 1 5.00 

Wisconsin 1 1 9.30 

Friends Equal Rights Association 4 16.80 

College Equal Suffrage Association 26 9 238.90 

Equal Franchise Society 1 10.00 

Summary. 

Total number of votes convention entitled to 287 

Number present 133- 



IS MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

REPORT OF THE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY. 
From April 19, 1911, to October 19, 1912. 

The unavoidable inadequacy of this report is extremely 
regrettable, but yet it may perhaps serve some purpose in 
demonstrating the fact that the volume of work at Headquar- 
ters has become so overwhelming that it is well nigh impos- 
sible to find time to report it in detail. 

There are three sections of work to be covered. First, 
that which belongs, strictly speaking, to a Corresponding 
Secretary; second, the general work of the Association, such 
as would not be included in the reports of any of the Auxil- 
iary Associations, or in the President's address, and third, the 
miscellaneous work of Headquarters, which was done pre- 
vious 'to the Convention last year by a Headquarters Secre- 
tary, there having been no such person this year. 

The past eighteen months have brought such an increase 
in the work in all its departments that it is at once inspiring 
and discouraging — inspiring because it means that the Suf- 
frage cause is on the "home stretch," and discouraging 
because our resources, both human and financial, have not 
increased proportionately. 

The correspondence, measured by drawers full in the file, 
is more than double that of the preceding year. The output 
of literature is also almost three times what it was when 1910 
began, and where we had four State campaigns last year, we 
have had five this year, and it may be seven before another 
six months has passed. 

The scope of the correspondence is wide, covering 
methods of work in States where organization is strong, mak- 
ing suggestions and offering co-operation and opportunity in 
States where organization is weak or new, and supplying 
miscellaneous data as a National Information Bureau. New 
societies in Wisconsin, Maryland, Indiana, Nevada, Kansas, 
Arkansas, Alabama, Montana and Florida have been organ- 
ized, and some of them are developing rapidly. With some 
of them correspondence has been very copious. Some have 
reached the point of affiliation with the National Organization ; 
others are preparing to do so. In Indiana, Maryland, Wiscon- 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 13 

sin, and Missouri the new societies have developed aside from 
or in place of the previous State society. In Nevada, Ar- 
kansas, Alabama, Montana and Florida, the Associations are 
new, and are still in the formation stage. There are even 
symptoms of organization in Cuba, Alaska and Hawaii. We 
have received letters and sent literature and information to 
all of them. 

The correspondence with Canada has been very interest- 
ing and has steadily increased, and we have sent a good deal 
of literature to British Columbia, Ontario and Nova Scotia. 
Literature and letters have gone to Switzerland, Finland, and 
even Japan, in answer to requests, the Japanese correspondent 
being in the midst of writing a book on the rights of woman, 
because, as he quaintly put it, he believed there was "undoubt- 
edly a truth in it." 

A large part of our letters are in answer to requests for 
speakers, for material to be used for decorating booths, and 
so forth, at State or county fairs, and for literature and gen- 
eral propaganda for the same. Requests for literature are 
very frequently not simple orders from the catalogue, but 
appeals for help in the selection of suitable sorts for special 
purposes or for certain kinds of people. Many a person writes 
enclosing a five or ten-dollar bill, saying, "Please use your 
judgment in selecting what will be best for us. We want to 
make our money go as far as possible." Requests of this sort 
need the most careful attention. They should receive far 
more than we have been able to give. We have been often 
obliged, on account of the pressure of work in the office, to 
give less time to help of this sort than it deserves — just as we 
have been obliged sometimes to fall short of consistently 
holding to our determination to let no letter remain unan- 
swered over twenty-four hours. 

In selecting literature for special purposes, such requests 
as the following stand out as typical of the value of such work. 
One, from a library committee, asking for the different col- 
lections of Suffrage literature, which could be had for five, 
ten and twenty-five dollars, respectively ; another, from the 
International Alliance, asking for the best and most compre- 
hensive testimony on the workings of Equal Suffrage, to be 



14 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

used in a compilation to be presented to all the parliaments 
of the world. 

We have a steadily increasing stream of requests for 
suitable programmes for study clubs, also a sudden spurt of 
requests for Suffrage speakers from the Federation of 
Women's Clubs. The example of the last Biennial Meeting, 
when Woman Suffrage appeared for the first time on the 
official programme of the Federation, has precipitated almost 
an epidemic of Suffrage meetings in the State Federations and 
local clubs. 

As an Information Bureau, Headquarters may well despair 
of ever catching up with the varied demands upon it. We are 
expected to know all of everything, and one would think, to 
hear the requests, that the Suffrage movement took in the 
universe. The following are a few samples of the sorts of 
information we are asked to provide, relevant and irrelevant 
(doubtless one should not include the latter in an official 
report, but since they serve as recreation in office life, they 
may perhaps do likewise here). The more unreasonable the re- 
quest, and the more research it involves to answer it, the more 
in haste the writer usually is to be answered by the next mail. 
For instance, a boy who is to take part in a debate soberly 
inquires "how many square miles of land on which taxes are 
paid are owned in the United States by women? Have not 
been able to find this, so appeal to Headquarters." We 
referred him to the census, with the reminder that even there 
he could get no accurate estimate, as the directions given to 
the census takers of 1910 were that in instances where farms 
were owned by women, and the husband was the manager, 
the report was to be made that the husband owned the farm. 
Women confidently expect us to undertake lawsuits for them, 
in cases of unjust discrimination, and feel hurt because we 
cannot do it. Pathetic women write, saying that they know 
we stand for helping womankind, therefore, won't we please 
do all manner of things, such as sending the address of Pier- 
pont Morgan by return mail, or secure a sale for jellies, or 
prevent a young girl from marrying an undesirable middle- 
aged man, etc. We are asked to provide data about 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 15 

dress reform, co-operative kitchens, women in the ministry, 
and the like. 

But Suffrage workers ask us for serious statistical infor- 
mation, which we sorely need to be able to supply ; for exam- 
ple, "How many women are employed outside their homes m 
the Suffrage States ; how many are married, and what is their 
weekly wage ?" "Please send data on women serving as members 
of School Boards, and as State, or County, or City Officers," 
and more frequently than anything else comes the request for 
an estimate of the number of women in this country who are 
in favor of Woman Suffrage. Would that someone could 
satisfactorily answer that question! Perhaps the two most 
significant requests for information are from Government 
authorities, one from the Election Commissioner of Pennsyl- 
vania, asking for the kind and amount of Suffrage already 
obtained by women in the United States, and when secured ; 
the other from the Bureau of Education of the Department of 
the Interior, asking similar information. When the Govern- 
ment depends upon our Association, instead of upon itself, for 
its own history, it would seem like a governmental admission 
that we are of some consequence. 

The most important general work of the Association out- 
side of the regular Headquarters routine, and beside the State 
Campaigns, has been the Press Bureau and the Woman's 
Journal, both of which will be reported separately, and the 
National's part of State Campaigns will be reported by the 
presidents of the several States. Other undertakings worthy 
of special mention are as follows : The Official Board of the 
Association has made a serious recommendation to the State 
Officers to push the plan of political district organization, as 
the best and most systematic and reliable way of preparing 
for the submission of a Suffrage Amendment to the voters in 
any State. A leaflet giving the details of the plan has been 
published and widely distributed gratis. The plan has been 
adopted as scheduled, or in modified form, in ten States, in 
most of which the name Woman Suffrage Party has been 
adopted, following the example of the Woman Suffrage Party 
of New York City, which was the first organization to adapt 



16 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the enrollment work long ago established by the National 
Association to the needs of modern political action. 

The Advisory Committee, authorized by last year's Con- 
vention, has met four times and has rendered exceedingly 
valuable service. The reports of the meetings have been pub- 
lished in the Woman's Journal. Among the most important 
questions discussed and upon which recommendations were 
made was the method of organization used by the Woman 
Suffrage Party, in the discussion of which Mrs. James Lees 
Laidlaw, Chairman of Manhattan Borough, brought out the 
points that the party had reached thousands of people hereto- 
fore unreached by the work of the Suffrage clubs; that it has 
worked in co-operation with previously existing local associa- 
tions; that the enrollment without dues has resulted in un- 
precedented strength and numbers, and that the party was 
planning a systematic raising of money, in proportion to the 
membership in each district. Recommendation was made to 
the National Board to push the plan of non-dues paying politi- 
cal district organization, as well as organization by dues- 
paying clubs. 

Advice was also given as to the value of organization 
work by a group of workers, instead of by individuals ; it was 
suggested that a committee be appointed for conference with 
the business manager of the Woman's Journal, for expanding 
the usefulness of the paper. This committee was subsequently 
appointed and the conference was distinctly productive. It 
was recommended that the Association divide its work for 
the ensuing year into the following departments : Literature, 
the Woman's Journal, Press Bureau, Information Bureau, 
Department of Endorsements, and Department of Federal 
Legislation. A committee was appointed to draft suggestions 
for the revision of the Constitution of the Association, which 
committee reported at the following meeting of the Advisory 
Committee, when the revisions were thoroughly discussed and 
amended, and were then reported to the Board and published 
in the Woman's Journal. 

The Advisory Committee also helped in the discussion of 
the location of Headquarters, and the programme for the 
Convention. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 17 

Last Winter, under the direction of the Finance Commit- 
tee, a new department of work was established, of which Miss 
Elizabeth Pope, of New York, was made Chairman. The plan 
received the endorsement of the Official Board, and is now in 
operation. It is a simple and easy method of raising money, 
requiring only the mindfulness of interested Suffragists, who 
will subscribe to any and all magazines they may take or 
renew through Miss Pope, instead of through any other 
agency. The commissions to be derived therefrom go into the 
National treasury, and it only remains for this plan to be 
remembered by thousands of Suffragists for us to have an 
annual income of very considerable size. More subscription 
renewals are made in October and January than in any other 
months, so these are the two important times to bear in 
mind. 

The National office prepared reports of the work of the 
Association for the meeting of the National Council of 
Women, and for the Congress of the International Alliance in 
Stockholm. For the latter, three reports were prepared — one 
on the general work, one on the economic status of women in 
the Suffrage States, and one a series of answers to a question- 
naire issued by the President of the International Alliance 
as to the increase in membership, the amount of money 
raised, the amount of literature circulated, laws passed of 
advantage to women, special honors conferred upon woman, 
which indicate the breaking down of sex discrimination ; signs 
of growth, and how Suffrage may be obtained in a given 
country. We have established an exchange of propaganda 
with the International Shop in London. At the suggestion of 
Mrs. Catt we have recently co-operated with the Woman's 
Enfranchisement League of Cape Colony, South Africa, by 
inviting a large number of American women writers to send 
copies of their books to an exhibition and sale of women's 
work. 

Since our last Convention there have been two annual 
meetings of the House of Governors, the first in Kentucky, at 
which Miss Laura Clay secured a hearing, and presented our 
cause to the Governors by a most admirable address ; the 
second in New Jersey, at which a hearing was secured for Dr. 



18 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Shaw, who was accorded every courtesy and received with 
heartiest enthusiasm by the Governors, and afterward by their 
wives. In Kentucky Governor Wilson was largely instru- 
mental in securing the hearing; in New Jersey, although the 
Governor is also a Wilson, he is unfortunately an "anti," but 
by the cordial efforts of Governor Shafroth, of Colorado, the 
place on the programme was made for Dr. Shaw. 

On two occasions representatives of the Association have 
spoken at hearings on the United States Postal Laws — one in 
Washington before the House Committee, when Miss Gillette, 
Chairman of the Congressional Committee, and Miss Hifton, 
President of the District of Columbia Association, spoke, and 
one in New York, before a special commission, of which 
ex-Governor Hughes was Chairman, when the Corresponding 
Secretary of the Association spoke. 

The customary number of complimentary copies of the 
reports of the hearings before the House and Senate Commit- 
tees were not to be had this year, in spite of voluminous and 
conscientious correspondence on the subject, and unremitting 
efforts from members of the Suffrage Association in Washing- 
ton. But such as we have had have been distributed with 
care; in several instances they have been sent to members of 
State Legislatures where Suffrage bills were pending. Gov. 
Shafroth's speech before the Senate Committee has been 
widely and freely distributed. 

In the correspondence with the Presidents and Secretaries 
of our Auxiliaries, warnings were sent out as to the necessity 
of watching State legislation closely, lest amendments to State 
Constitutions or changes in laws be made so that only quali- 
fied electors should be eligible to office, thus preventing the 
appointment of women in non-Suffrage States. Two valuable 
compilations have been made, one showing how many times 
and when and what sort of Suffrage Bills have been introduced 
into State Legislatures in the last ten years, and the other 
showing the exact procedure necessary for amending the Con- 
stitutions of the various States. The latter was found to be 
especially useful last week, when the California election hung 
in the balance for two days, and all the New York papers de- 
clared that a two-thirds majority vote was necessary to carry 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 19 

the amendment. It took one person almost all day at the 
telephone to contradict that statement, in answer to the frantic 
inquiries which came pouring in from worried Suffragists. 

Under the direction of Mrs. Catherine Waugh McCul- 
lough, a series of questions on the legal status of women has 
been printed and sent with letters to the various States, 
from which answers have been slowly coming in. The returns 
have been published serially in the Woman's Journal, and 
when they are finally published in pamphlet form, they will fill 
a large and long-felt need, and will spare us the necessity of 
answering piecemeal and laboriously the multitudinous ques- 
tions which come in to us continually on that subject. 

At the suggestion of Miss Clay, letters were sent to all 
members of Congress, urging their effort to include women as 
electors in the bill providing for the direct election of United 
States Senators. The replies received make an interesting 
canvass of our Congressmen to add to that made by the Chair- 
man of the Congressional Committee, as most of them took 
occasion to state their views on Woman Suffrage in general. 

From the Church Fund $200 was appropriated for litera- 
ture in the campaign States. The money is not quite yet ex- 
pended, and thus far has been used to send at proper intervals, 
judiciously selected literature to the members of the Nevada 
Legislature and a list of Nevada business men, editors and 
politicians. Also for sending to special lists of people in Wis- 
consin, Kansas and California, copies of Hampton's Magazine 
for April, which contained Mrs. Rheta Child Dorr's article 
on the "Colorado Women Voters." By an arrangement with 
the publisher we were able to purchase these magazines at 
six cents each including postage. 

The National Association took part in a Bazaar held in 
honor of Susan B. Anthony last winter by the New York 
State Association, and cleared a small sum thereby. 

We have published 30,000 copies of the "What to Do" 
leaflet, which have been sent out gratis. Some States apply- 
ing for 3,000 at once. These were published in three editions, 
each of which was exhausted before the demand could be 
supplied ; California sent for 10,000, and evidently learned 
"What to Do" e'ffectively. We issued 45,000 of the little con- 



20 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

vention seals, and the supply has hardly held out. The draw- 
ing for the seal was the generous contribution of Miss Char- 
lotte Shetter of New Jersey. Through the equally generous 
co-operation of Mrs. Helen Hoy Greeley of New York we 
have been able to give free of charge for use on letters 13,000 
Suffrage Stamps. Another interesting bit of co-operation in 
both labor and money was that between Headquarters and 
Mrs. Raymond Brown, President of the Woman Suffrage 
Study Club, who with members of her Association addressed 
and sent to about a thousand presidents of the local Suffrage 
clubs all over the country two copies of Miss Blackwell's 
striking editorial in answer to Richard Barry's slanderous 
statements about Colorado, together with a note asking each 
president to send one copy to the editor of the Ladies Home 
Journal, in which Barry's article had appeared, with her own 
personal protest, and the other to the editor of some local 
paper in her vicinity. The result was a perfect avalanche of 
protest to the editor of the unfortunate magazine, and an 
amount of newspaper publicity, which has given Richard 
Barry an unenviable reputation. 

We have had a number of requests from newspapers and 
magazines about starting Suffrage columns or departments, 
and there have been several publishers who have conferred 
with the officers at Headquarters about the possibility of start- 
ing a well capitalized Suffrage magazine. None have mater- 
ialized as yet, but it indicates the significance of the Suf- 
frage movement that business men should think themselves 
ready to consider it a paying proposition to publish a Suffrage 
magazine. So sure was one firm that the Suffrage movement 
could be made to pay that it spent a very large sum in 
publishing an ambitious series of postcards with mottoes and 
emblems; but not sufficient knowledge was secured before- 
hand of the facts of either the Suffragists or the public, and 
the attempt was a failure, a matter of regret from at least 
one point of view, since a very comfortable share of the profits 
was to have gone into the National treasury in recognition 
of the endorsement of the Association to the subject matter 
printed on the postcards. 

There has been a great increase in the number of Men's 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 21 

Leagues for Woman Suffrage. We have received reports of 
their organizations in thirteen States. 

The miscellaneous work of Headquarters is most difficult 
to report satisfactorily, because it is a mass of detail, a good 
deal of it being like dusting, noticeable only if it is not done. 
The largest single feature of the Headquarters work proper, 
is the Literature Department, which has enlarged so rapidly, 
that the problem of storage is now a very troublesome one. A 
year ago this last Summer, we altered the arrangement of 
the various offices, so as to provide a much needed general re- 
ception room for the visitors who come in a steady stream. 
This room, though small is full of interest to those who must 
wait appointments, and is a great convenience to the office 
force. We keep there samples of all the kinds of literature 
we publish, both on the walls and the tables, copies of all 
the Suffrage publications, including those from foreign coun- 
tries, some dozen or so in all, samples of the picture posters, 
English and otherwise, the entire set of bound volumes of the 
Woman's Journal from 1870, the generous gift of the editor, 
Miss Alice Stone Blackwell, a scrap-book, now in two thick 
volumes, showing the various kinds of announcements, ad- 
vertisements, leaflets, fliers, and so forth, which have been 
issued by State and local associations ; this has been a mine of 
suggestion for visiting Suffragists who are eager to find new 
ideas for home application, the photograph gallery of emi- 
nent Suffragists also on exhibition always interests even the 
most casual caller. We have two of these galleries beside the 
one at Headquarters, which are rented to the local associa- 
tions for temporary use at a nominal fee. They have both 
been steadily engaged since last Spring and are traveling 
over the country with almost no idle time. One of them went 
to Stockholm along with the literature exhibit for the Inter- 
national Alliance Congress. We also have in the reception 
room what has been dubbed "the take one table," on which 
are kept notices of local meetings, advertisements of books 
on subjects allied to the Suffrage movement, "What to Do" 
leaflets, Woman's Journal subscription blanks, membership 
cards, the magazine subscription announcements and so forth. 

Besides our own literature, we have on sale, Mrs. Char- 



22 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

lotte Perkins Gilman's books, "Women and Economics" and 
"The Man Made World"; Eugene Hecker's "Short History 
of Women's Rights"; Sylvia Parkhurst's "The Suffragette"; 
Olive Shreiner's "Woman and Labor" and Helen Summer's 
"Equal Suffrage." The latter has been greatly in demand. 
We are also to have the charming little story called "Light," 
which has appeared serially in the Woman's Journal. 

We have recently advertised in the Woman's Journal 
that we would provide any public library with the four 
volumes of the "History of Woman Suffrage" on payment of 
the expressage only, and in less than a month we have had 
over a hundred applications. We have sent the histories to 
all the State Suffrage Headquarters in the campaign States, 
and several have gone abroad to Suffrage headquarters. We 
have begun recently to loan Suffrage books to local readers, 
after the fashion of circulating libraries. 

The spread of Suffrage activity is well proven by the 
number of Suffrage songs that have been sent in to the office, 
some of them in response to the several prizes which have 
been offered by individuals and organizations, and some from 
general interest. If they had been as good as they have been 
frequent, we should have a marvelous musical treat in store, 
but for the most part, they have been rather more indicative 
of fervor than of genius. 

Likewise with Suffrage plays, the demand for them is 
really wonderful, and we almost daily make recommendation 
for amateur performances, or send information as to where 
plays may be secured, We have "How the Vote was Won," 
"Lady Geraldine's Speech," and "A Woman's Influence," on 
sale. Several manuscript plays by American writers have 
been sent in for criticism, some of them quite promising, and 
only two weeks ago we received the full score and libretto for 
a Suffrage light opera. It is too ambitious for amateur per- 
formance, but it may be brought out professionally this com- 
ing season. There are several indications that we may soon 
look for the organization of an Actresses Franchise League 
in America, similar to that which has done such admirable 
service in England. The keen interest of Fola La Follette in 
this project augurs well for its success. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 23 

A collection of Suffrage slides with an accompanying lec- 
ture has been prepared for the use of local clubs whose re- 
sources may be slight. It will travel about the country in the 
same way as does the photograph gallery. 

One of the widening opportunities for service is in provid- 
ing material for debates. The applications come in at the rate 
of about six per day, during the school year, and are received 
from high schools, private schools, normal schools and colleges. 
We always send material whether the application is accompa- 
nied by money or not, in which latter case we enclose a slip 
reminding the recipient that ours is not an organization ade- 
quately supported by the income from its dues, but mainly by 
subscription and contribution, and that the work is for the 
benefit of the community, and so we are justified in expect- 
ing members of the community to share the expense. We 
also ask for a report on the debate. The responses are fairly 
satisfactory. About three-quarters of the literature is paid for 
and the debate reports indicate nearly all are won by the 
Suffrage side; in fact, we have record of only three losses in 
eighteen months. 

Headquarters has co-operated with the National Enroll- 
ment Committee in transforming the old enrollment work into 
its new form of political district registration and organization, 
and letters were sent to the local Enrollment Chairman in all 
the States, urging the plan and suggesting the preliminary 
steps. 

We have constantly received from the New York Woman 
Suffrage Party enrollment slips signed by people outside New 
York. These we forward to the Suffrage organizations in the 
various States to which they belong. 

The calls for data by writers for magazines and newspa- 
pers is never ending, both in the Secretary's office and in the 
Press Bureau. 

Our Press Bureau Chairman, Miss Caroline Reilley, has 
been especially successful in meeting this increasing demand. 

Headquarters has been very closely associated with the 
Boston office of the Woman's Journal, our only regret being 
that it could not be more so. 

The most bulging of all the folders in our files are those 



24 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

containing the Woman's Journal work. The weekly Head- 
quarters letters have been alternately written by the Treasurer 
and the Secretary, and a regular column "For Beginners" has 
been provided with material. The correspondence has been 
gleaned for items of interest and importance. Advertisements 
of the literature have been arranged, and it is a pleasure to 
record the fact that they pay remarkably well, so much so that 
it makes us long to be able to afford to advertise our wares 
in other papers than our own. At the time of the great 
Suffrage parade in New York last May, the Headquarters 
Office secured photographs and information about all the lead- 
ers of the local Suffrage Associations taking part in the parade, 
also several specially written articles and a cartoon for a 
Parade Number of the Woman's Journal. A corps of sellers 
was secured, and on that day alone papers were sold to the 
extent of about one-third the entire subscription list of the 
paper when it became the official organ of the Association. 
Five times as many could have easily been sold along the line 
of march if we had had a sufficiently large corps of sellers, an 
item to be remembered for future parades. At the time of the 
Triangle fire, we secured for the Journal, through the courtesy 
of the New York Call, the use of the terrible but effective 
cartoon on the fire, and the Journals were sold at the great 
Cooper Union Protest Meeting, arranged by the New York 
College Suffrage League. We have gotten in touch with an 
enthusiastic Suffragist who is a cartoonist, Lou Rogers, of 
New York, whose spirited drawing called "Cornered," which 
appeared in the Journal of October 7th, is an evidence of her 
generosity as well as her insight into the meaning of the 
Suffrage Movement. 

By correspondence with some of the leaders of the Initia- 
tive Referendum League, a special article was secured for the 
Journal, written by George Judson King, illustrated by two 
maps of the United States showing the progress of the two 
greatest modern efforts toward real democracy, Equal Suf- 
frage, and the Initiative and Referendum, and the striking 
similarity between them in the territory they have already 
covered. 

An effort was made from Headquarters to get the 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 25 

Woman's Journal for sale on the news stands of the subways 
a»d elevated roads, but a strong monopoly controls all these 
news stands, and the rent charged for space is at present pro- 
hibitive for us. 

For the last few weeks the Journal has had the benefit of 
the services of a Headquarters Editor, Mrs. Francis Maule 
Bjorkman, a trained newspaper and magazine writer, whose 
services have been given to the paper temporarily through 
the interest of the National President, who has appropriated 
for that purpose an amount from a Suffrage fund in her per- 
sonal charge. All readers of the paper will have instinctively 
appreciated the value of this service to the Journal, and will 
do so still more after knowing that it was due to Mrs. Bjork- 
man's quick work in altering the front page of the paper, even 
after it was in press and 1,000 copies already printed, that 
the subscribers were able to read of California's victory in 
last week's papers instead of receiving the news ten days 
later. 

The increase in the volume of work in the Literature 
Department is, perhaps, best indicated by the successive 
changes in the form of our price list for the past three years. 
The first form was a little slip, the next a full page list, the 
last a sixteen-page catalogue. 

The Chairman of the Literature Committee, Mrs. Myra 
Strawn Hartshorn of Chicago, revised the popular booklet, 
"Eminent Opinions," which is ceaselessly in demand. Soon 
after the last Convention we printed the sixth in the series 
of "Rainbow Fliers," which are so largely used for outdoor 
meetings. It is called "About Voting." This was shortly 
followed by two more Political Equality leaflets, one on Dis- 
trict Organization and one called "The Real Point," the lat- 
ter being an answer to the reiterated demand that women 
must over-qualify before they can deserve the ballot. We 
reprinted from the North American Magazine "Women and 
Democracy," by Prof. Borden P. Bowne; "Of Interest to 
Legislators" was printed with special reference to the leg- 
islatures before which Suffrage Bills were pending. The edi- 
tion was quickly exhausted. We bought and resold during 
the year several publications issued by local societies; among 



26 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

these were "A Man's View of Woman Suffrage," by Prof. 
Bowne; "The Test of Experiment," and Julia Ward Howe's 
article reprinted from The Outlook, — these three from the Mas- 
sachusetts Association, "The Status of Woman," by Mary 
Johnston, from the Virginia Association ; a reprint of Wen- 
dell Phillips' famous speech from the Equal Franchise So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania ; "An Interview with Judge Howard" 
from the New York Equality League ; "Homo Sum," and "A 
New-Fashioned Argument," by M. Carey Thomas, from the 
National College Equal Suffrage League, and three excel- 
lent leaflets prepared by Mrs. Catherine Houghton Hepburn of 
the Connecticut Association. 

With the exception of the literature already mentioned 
nothing new was published for an interval of ten months, due 
to the fact that the appropriation was exhausted in reprinting, 
in direct response to the demand, and because the question 
of the permanency of our Headquarters Address was unset- 
tled for three months. Last July, after consultation with the 
Literature Committee and the Official Board, preparations 
were made for a considerable amount of new literature, of 
which we were then in sore need. The work, unfortunately, 
had to be begun during the vacation period, when the office 
force was reduced for two months, but by vigorous pushing 
we are now able to announce sixteen new publications for 
presentation to this Convention, as follows : 

"What Women Might Do With the Ballot." A new 
series of pamphlets, each one of which takes up a specific 
social problem and shows the cause. They are written 
by well-known authorities, who present first the problem, 
by a few graphic instances, next the legislation which will 
solve the problem, and finally, the connection between an in- 
dividual citizen and such legislation. The pamphlets are 
bound in uniform style, and most of them are to be illustrated 
by a frontispiece. 

(Already Published.) 

"The Abolition of Child Labor." By Florence Kelley. 
"Fire Prevention.''' By Arthur E. McFarlane. (By the cour- 
tesy of McClure's Magazine.) 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 27 

"Reasonable Postal Laws." By James L. Cowles, Secretary 

of the Postal Progress League. 
"The Abolition of the White Slave Traffic." By Clifford E. 

Roe. 

In preparation, others on the following subjects: Equal 
Pay, Pure Food, Schools, Legal Discriminations Against 
Women, Direct Legislation, Factory Inspection, City Sanita- 
tion, The White Plague, Sex Hygiene, Decent Working Con- 
ditions, Peace and Arbitration, City Congestion, The Social 
Causes of Disease. 

A number of prominent authors have promised the above 
articles, which will be published as rapidly as possible. 

"Disfranchisement," by Dr. W. E. Burghardt, Du Bois. 
One of the most fundamental, sound and sane arguments 
ever offered. It lifts the whole Suffrage question clean above 
any consideration of expediency, and sounds a note of faith 
and confidence in Democracy which is inspiring. 

"Does the Husband Support the Wife?" A discussion by 
two great leaders of English and American thought: Mrs. 
Emmeline Pethick Lawrence (Editor of "Votes for Women"), 
and Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman (Editor of "The Fore- 
runner.") 

Each writes with clearness and brilliancy and each is 
convincing, though their points of view are quite different. It 
is an intellectual treat to read these arguments from women 
who equally care for winning Suffrage, and who equally care 
for the uplift of womankind. The pamphlet is illustrated with 
a cartoon from "Votes for Women." 

Report of the Commission on Universal Suffrage ap- 
pointed by the French Chamber of Deputies, 1910 (translated 
by Mrs. Raymond Brown). 

Never has there been published stronger or more consist- 
ent testimony in favor of Woman Suffrage. The report makes 
a survey of the extent and working of Woman Suffrage 
throughout the world, and gives conclusions drawn from the 
investigation, and makes recommendations to the French Par- 
liament. 

"P.reaking Into the Human Race," by Rheta Child Dorr. 



28 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

(Reprinted by courtesy of Hampton's Magazine.) An illus- 
trated pamphlet giving a vivid presentation of Suffrage as an 
integral part of the "Woman Movement." 

"Women Should Mind Their Own Business," by Prof. 
E. J. Ward, of Wisconsin University. (Reprinted by courtesy 
of The Independent.) Breezy and convincing and to the point. 

"Why Man Needs Woman's Ballot," by Clifford Howard,, 
of California. (Reprinted by courtesy of the Political Equal- 
ity League of Los Angeles.) A modern point of view excep- 
tionally well presented. 

"When All the Women Want It," by Alice Stone Black- 
well. Even good Suffragists are caught in the fallacy implied 
by this title, which makes the pamphlet especially timely. 

Political Equality Leaflets — "The Ladies' Battle," by 
Alice Stone Blackwell. An answer to Molly Elliott Seawell. 
"Mrs. Howe's Census." A canvass of the clergy of the Suf- 
frage States, made by Julia Ward Howe. "Some Catholic 
Opinions." A revised edition, including quotations from 
Father Gleason of California. "Gains in Equal Suffrage." A 
tabulation showing the progress from eighty years ago to 
1911. 

Rainbow Fliers in German. All six of the set have been 
translated for the benefit of German citizens. 

A significant bit of statistics in regard to the literature 
is the fact there is no longer a "dull season" in midsum- 
mer, as there used to be before outdoor meetings flourished. A 
3'ear ago for August the literature receipts in the office were 
$71.00 ; this last August they were $274.00. Our maximum for 
monthly receipts from literature has been $425.00, as against an 
average of $90.00 per month at the beginning of 1910, and if we 
could maintain that figure steadily there would be no doubt 
whatever about the department being self-supporting. As it is, 
we have come out just even, if we count in the literature 
appropriation as receipts. 

We have established a practice of sending sample pack- 
ages of literature on approval, and it has worked well. We 
have received some very interesting offers from business people 
who are Suffragists, agreeing to fold into parcels sent out from 
their shops any leaflets we choose to supply. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 29 

If we had a travelling agent who could devote entire time 
to placing the literature on sale in advantageous places all 
over the country there is almost no limit to the possibilities in 
tlic way of increase. 

We have printed 500,000 of the Political Equality Leaflets 
alone, and within the last month we sold 84,000 Rainbow Fli- 
ers, 20,000 of which went to Virginia. If all the States were 
consuming Suffrage literature at Virginia's rate, we should 
not have to wait long before winning the ballot throughout 
the land. 

There are many sorts of Suffrage propaganda beside lit- 
erature which we need to dispense from Headquarters, and it 
is to be hoped that we may have an appropriation to be used 
as working capital for buying supplies — as flags, pennants, 
ushers' sashes, buttons, pins, posters, post-cards, and so forth. 
We have ordered Votes for Women paper napkins and rub- 
ber stamps, California poppies, and Votes for Women but- 
terflies, all of which have found a ready sale. We are just 
now arranging for a Suffrage Calendar and some Christmas 
Greeting Cards. A little more capital would enable us to 
make Headquarters the supply place for the entire country, 
which it ought to be for every reason of economy and con- 
venience. 

The last thing to report is the Cooper Union Mass Meet- 
ing on October 13, for the celebration of the California vic- 
tory. The hall had been engaged for some months, but the 
preparations for the meeting hung upon the returns from the 
election, and the uncertainty and delay rushed us to the ut- 
most. But in spite of that we had a band, a new six-star flag, 
a six-star button, two among our seven speakers California 
women, and unlimited enthusiasm with which to make merry 
over the greatest Suffrage victory the) United Staes has 
yet seen. MARY WARE DENNETT. 



TREASURER'S REPORT 

Our accounts this year are made up of two parts. Mrs. 
Upton's account from January, 1910, to June, 1910, and my 
own from June, 1910, to January, 1911. 



30 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Mrs. Upton's detailed statement appears in another part 
of this Report. Her total receipts for the period were 
$12,321.94. Her disbursements $11,443.72. 

Including Mrs. Upton's receipts and disbursements our 
yearly account stood as follows : 

RECEIPTS DISBURSEMENTS 

Upton $12,321.18 Upton $11,443.72 

Press 3,072.12 Press 2,645.97 

General 3,500.71 General 302.22 

Campaigns 2,250.50 Campaigns 4,572.20 

Literature 2,482.08 Literature 1,700.25 

Auxiliary Dues 2,172.42 Headquarters 2,159.98 

Woman's Journal 2,783.11 Woman's Journal 2,242.12 

Interest 173.26 S. B. Anthony Memorial. . 

Susan B. Anthony Me- Fund 9,731.91 

morial Fund 15,089.24 



Total Disbursements. $34,838. 37 

$43,844.62 Willis Fund (in H. T. 

Upton's possession) . . 500.00 
Miss Anthony's Gold.. . 46.00 

Balance 8,460.25 



$43,794.62 



In the total receipts are included the interest ($57.00) 
and income ($?9.00) paid in by Miss Laura Clay, Trustee for 
the Sarah Bruce Legacy. 

The Susan B. Anthony Memorial account consists of 
money raised as a special fund and given to the National 
Association. It was appropriated for salaries for the officers 
as follows: President, $2,500.00; Corresponding Secretary, 
$2,500.00; Treasurer, $1,000.00. For the President's travel- 
ing expenses, $1,000. For literature, $1,500.00. Official Organ, 
$500.00. For College Work, $3,000.00. 

You will notice that exclusive of officers' salaries and the 
allowance for traveling for the President, our expenses were 
$27,611.37. A very small amount for a National organization 
to spend in this great country with campaigns going on in 
several States, our National Congress in session part of the 
year and many States wholly unworked and unorganized not 
to speak of our Official Organ, The Woman's Journal, which 
to be effective should alone cost at least $30,000.00. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 31 

It would seem that an organization with such small re- 
sources at its command must be weak. And the Treasurer 
hopes that at this Convention we may make some provision 
for the tremendous and imperative work that lies at our doors 
to do and that can only be adequately done by a National 
organization. The work cannot be done without money and 
the Suffragists of this country must provide this or expect 
to see the work suffer. 

Another point that I would like to call to your attention 
is this. Our Association consists chiefly of a membership of 
States and, if we judge by the general trend of expressed 
opinion these States are proud of their membership and jeal- 
ous of admitting others to our ranks. And yet the States 
do not anywhere near support the work of the Association. 
Our dues amount to but a fraction over $2,000.00, and pledges 
from State organizations brings this amount up to less than 
$1,000.00 more. Where then does the rest come from? It is 
clear that we are dependent upon the bounty of individual 
donors who give, not through the State Societies, or because 
of the State Societies, but because they believe in the Na- 
tional work as such. This is, in one respect, the most en- 
couraging feature of our outlook, for it shows that to those 
who are watching the Suffrage movement as a whole, there is 
a National significance in our work and a great National 
opportunity before us. 

But this same fact, the fact that the States, they who 
make up our voting membership, do not begin to support the 
National, makes our income very uncertain, while our ex- 
penses, if we are to do any worthy work, must be in a meas- 
ure fixed and certain. We must in many cases make contracts 
involving the payment of considerable sums to organizers. 
We must contract for rent. W T e must meet the monthly 
printing and mailing bills of "The Woman's Journal." We 
must keep our literature in stock. We must pay the salaries, 
week by week, of the clerks and stenographers without whom 
the volume of work done at Headquarters would be a physical 
impossibility. 

These are the things that are troublesome. What can 
we do to keep abreast of the wonderful growth of our move- 



32 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

ment? We cannot continue to live on an income that was 
all too inadequate five years ago and that is laughable now. 
Can we afford to be dependent upon our generous friends out- 
side our voting membership? Is it not time we faced the sit- 
uation and put the financial responsibility where it belongs 
on the State Societies? It is for the States to answer. I 
ask this Convention to raise Seventy-five thousand dollars for 
next year's work. JESSIE ASHLEY, 

Treasurer. 

REPORT OF NATIONAL PRESS BUREAU. 

The annual reports of the National Press Bureau, for- 
merly read by Miss Elizabeth J. Hauser, who so long and 
so ably conducted this department, had reached so high a 
standard, and the foundation laid by her was so substantial 
and solid, that it was possible for us to meet the new condi- 
tions and increased volume of work with systematic and busi- 
nesslike methods. Then came Mrs. Ida Husted Harper, with 
her literary ability and historical knowledge, to open a new 
field for Suffrage propaganda through the magazines, the 
great syndicates and Sunday papers in the large cities. Thus 
you will see that when the present chairman took charge of 
the Press Bureau it had been so splendidly developed by her 
predecessors that she found only hard work, and plenty of it. 

During the eighteen months which have elapsed since the 
last convention at Washington the records of the Press Bu- 
reau show that we have written 5,584 letters. We are in 
constant receipt of letters from all over the world, written in 
various languages, the majority containing inquiries regard- 
ing Suffrage methods in this country and what has been ac- 
complished by our enfranchised women. One man was sent 
by a national society in France to learn what our Suffrage 
States had done toward eliminating tuberculosis, and we were 
happy to inform him that the States where women vote in 
this country were filled with tubercular patients sent there 
by physicians to be cured. We regretted that his surprise 
at this statement necessitated an explanation of the virtues 
of the climate in those enfranchised States. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION' 33 

We have furnished material for one hundred magazine 
articles, which have appeared in various periodicals from time 
to time. This feature of our work absorbs an immense amount 
of time, as we are usually informed by the writers that they do 
not believe in our principle, but have been instructed to write 
impartially ; and in supplying the facts we are obliged to prove 
that they are facts, which requires argument. The magazine 
work has one very good effect : it almost invariably converts 
the writer, and he or she is apt to become an enthusiastic 
supporter of the cause. 

Sometimes we are called upon to furnish information 
about professional or business women for "write-ups," the 
writer never dreaming of any connection between his subject 
and Woman Suffrage. But we try to convince him that there 
is, and the article usually resolves itself into a Suffrage story. 
These experiences prove the advantage of coming into per- 
sonal contact and becoming acquainted with the people who 
are doing the work. 

Our list of newspaper syndicates has increased to nine, 
some of which are international. Since the last convention 
we have furnished them 1,314 articles, many by special re- 
quest. Every one of these syndicates asked for detailed ac- 
counts of this convention, together with personal sketches 
of the officers and speakers. 

The Associated Press has sent out Suffrage news as oc- 
casion warranted, and has solicited our co-operation. In con- 
nection with this convention the Associated Press has sent 
out to its papers personal notes regarding the speakers, and 
copies of addresses as well. In addition, we have sent news 
items, copies of reports, lectures, etc., to them from time to 
time, and as the clippings have invariably coi..e back to us, it 
is apparent that they were published. 

Having received requests for the weekly news bulletins 
from a great many of the press workers, we last December 
revived this department of the work, which had been discon- 
tinued for some time. Since then we have mailed 31,200 of 
these lists. In view of the great number returned to us 
through the clippings, together with reports from press work- 
ers and publishers, we are convinced that this is one of the 



34 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

most effective methods for getting our question into the 
papers, which are always anxious for news on the subject of 
Woman Suffrage, now that it has gained world-wide interest, 
and will publish the items simply for their news value even 
though they may editorially oppose the principle. These 
weekly items are regularly mailed to press chairmen and news- 
papers in forty-one States of the Union, to Canada, Alaska 
and Cuba, and every day brings requests for more. A num- 
ber of monthly pamphlets issued by women's clubs publish 
them, and report that they find them useful. Papers 
devoted to the labor movement publish them regularly, and 
very often offer helpful suggestions. In organizing clubs peo- 
ple tell us they have successfully used the press items to at- 
tract new members by proving to them the interest that is 
being taken in the movement by women all over the world. 

We have responded to fifty requests from schools and 
colleges for information to be utilized in debates, lectures and 
school magazines. The History of Woman Suffrage and the 
Woman's Journal are particularly helpful in such cases, and 
are constantly proving more and more valuable to the work. 

In addition to the foregoing, the records show that we 
have replied to 1,214 adverse editorials and letters in papers 
from Maine to California, and secured space in New York 
City papers for 2,163 notices and articles without any charge 
to us. We have received and read 62,519 clippings gathered 
by the Press Clipping Bureau to which we subscribe, 9,163 
of which were cut from New York City papers alone. 

Representatives of newspapers and magazines from the 
following countries have come to us for material: Australia, 
Finland, Alaska, France, Germany, England, Sweden, Norway, 
Japan, Wales, Denmark, Russia, Italy, Mexico, Spain, Hol- 
land, Hawaii, South America, Canada, as well as from nearly 
every State in the Union. 

Copies of the Convention Call were mailed to the Asso- 
ciated Press, the United Press, nine newspaper syndicates, and 
to all of the newspapers on our mailing list; also programs 
and stories relative to the proceedings of the convention and 
personal sketches of the speakers. The Kentucky press chair- 
man, Mrs. S. C. Castleman, has been supplied with advance 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 35 

convention material, personal sketches, photographs of offi- 
cers and speakers, and her splendid co-operation has done 
much to lighten the burden of the National Press Bureau in 
this connection. We have sent special convention stories to 
various Sunday papers and to farm papers throughout the 
West and South, and in consequence many have asked to be 
put on our regular mailing list. A number of Sunday papers 
in the large cities are devoting weekly space to Suffrage de- 
partments, beginning by publishing the press items and grad- 
ually expanding, and we have received numerous letters from 
people asking for further information and saying their in- 
terest in the question was first aroused by reading the Suf- 
frage department in their Sunday papers. 

The Press Bureau is impressed with the fact that in future 
the farm papers should receive serious consideration. We 
have several on our list, and have endeavored to supply them 
with everything possible. In view of the generally accepted 
reports that the recent victory in California was due to the 
vote returned from the rural communities, it behooves us to 
freely circulate such material as will appeal to the men and 
women of the farm. One of these papers, with a circulation 
of nearly 400,000, has offered us space for Suffrage articles 
to be supplied regularly, and this work should be carefully 
looked after, especially in agricultural States like Kansas and 
Wisconsin, where campaigns are now in progress. 

Some of the more serious magazines have recently solicited 
our co-operation, notably the Literary Digest and the Ameri- 
can Review of Reviews, the latter said to be the most impor- 
tant of its kind in the world. Its political editor called per- 
sonally a few days ago and requested that we send him regu- 
larly such Suffrage news as we may have at hand, that the 
items may be embodied in reports of the world's political 
news. 

I cannot resist calling attention to the unusual press work 
of Arkansas, under the supervision of Mrs. Terry, of Little 
Rock. She furnishes material to seventy-five newspapers in 
the State, sending them the weekly press items supplied by 
the National, and has arranged with a newspaper syndicate, 
reaching most of the papers throughout the Southwest, to 



36 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

publish Suffrage articles weekly. All of the press chairmen 
are accomplishing splendid results, and the outlook for the 
coming year is wonderfully encouraging. Massachusetts, 
Maryland and Connecticut are quite original in their methods, 
Kansas and Wisconsin are increasing their output, Minne- 
sota, Missouri, Iowa, New Jersey and other States are keep- 
ing up their record, and Illinois is the banner State along this 
line. 

Another important feature of the work of the Press Bureau 
consists of furnishing material to chairmen and others to be 
used in answering attacks on Suffrage in their local papers. 

CAROLINE I. REILLY. 

The following notes were contributed to the Conference 
on "Press Work," by Mrs. Vandalia Varnum Thomas, of 
Illinois : 

1. Enlist : Leading papers for large centers ; syndicates 
for the country press. 

2. Do not label notes "Suffrage" — a rose under any other 
name is just as sweet. 

3. Try "About Women," "Among Women," "What 
Women Are Doing," "Women and Work," etc. — giving the 
editor a chance to help without committing himself. 

4. Do not confine notes to Suffrage news — sandwiches 
are the most tempting. 

5. Make the column sparkle — editors love brightness. 

6. Remember the "personal" element — readers delight 
in it. 

7. Do not emphasize sex — this is humanity's cause. 

8. Recognize all helpful agencies — generosity loses 
nothing and gains everything. 

9. Do not belabor our brothers, for it strengthens preju- 
dices. 

10. Breathe out good will to all — that wins the world. 

In short, give progress and victory of women in every 
field, interesting stories of personalities, amusing incidents, 
opinions of eminent men, comparisons of past with present, 
and things all "sweetness and light." 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 37 

The press is our great support. Woo it, win it, help 
reporters, sympathize with editors, and give value in return 
for its invaluable help. 



REPORT ON THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL. 
July 1, 1910— July 1, 1911. 

After the Woman's Journal became the official organ of 
the National American Woman Suffrage Association on 
July 1, 1910, many changes in the management of the paper 
were made and new lines of work were undertaken. 

The Journal was changed from a four-page paper to an 
eight-page paper. 

The typographical appearance of the paper was 
changed. More headlines were used, and larger ones ; instead 
of type being set in solid columns, it was leaded. The general 
make-up of the paper was changed, to make it more readable 
and attractive to the eye. More illustrations were introduced. 
A wide column was adopted for the editorial page, making 
three columns to the page, instead of five. 

These changes necessitated furnishing double the amount 
of material, reading double the amount of proof, getting pic- 
tures, making cuts, writing headlines. 

The Journal had occupied one room on the tenth floor 
at 6 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. When it became the 
official organ it was moved to 585 Boylston Street, where it 
occupies two front rooms on the third floor. 

This location gives more office space. 

It is next door to the Massachusetts State Association. 

It is next door to the Boston Suffrage Association. 

It is opposite the New England Women's Club rooms 
and consequently gets advertising from the various large 
meetings that are held in those rooms. 

The name of the Woman's Journal is displayed in 
large type on the front windows of the office, on the door and 
on a large street sign at the outer door. 

After a careful investigation of the handling of the 
subscription list, an entirely new system was instituted. 



38 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Formerly there had been absolutely no means of finding a 
subscriber's name on the list, unless her address was also 
known. Subscribers frequently made a change of address, 
and great confusion followed throughout the subscription 
department. For postofnce purposes it was necessary for the 
mailing list to be arranged alphabetically by States, by cities 
and towns and by subscribers' names. A card catalogue 
system was accordingly introduced, and the name of each 
subscriber was entered alphabetically. On these cards the 
address and all data regarding the subscription are given, so 
that all the facts about a subscription can be looked up readily. 

The system of bookkeeping was investigated and it was 
found that up-to-date methods were needed, showing all 
debits and credits. 

It was found that bills to subscribers were sent out 
only twice a year. Inasmuch as some subscriptions expired 
every month in the year, it was decided to send bills out each 
month, as the subscriptions became due. 

It was decided to send bills in advance always, so that 
subscribers would not run up bills in case they wished to 
discontinue their subscription. 

Because of the former bookkeeping system and because 
of the system of billing only twice a year, it has taken a 
full year to get the subscription accounts straightened out 
to the satisfaction of all concerned. 

When the price of the Journal per year was changed 
from $1.50 to $1.00, it became necessary to adjust all outstand- 
ing accounts on the new basis. This has been a tremendous 
task, and has necessitated much explanation and letter 
writing. 

After a careful study of the advertising prospects of the 
Journal, an experienced advertising solicitor was engaged to 
do thorough and systematic soliciting of advertisements. 

The advertising for the year July, 1909, to July, 1910, 
brought an income of $256. 

The advertising for the year July, 1910, to July, 1911, 
brought an income of $851.72. 

It was found that although the Journal is a national 
paper, the national advertisers were not at all acquainted with 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 39 

it. A vigorous publicity campaign with national advertisers 
was therefore necessary. The principal advertising which had 
been obtained for the Journal had been of a local character, 
and had been offered at a very low rate. These two facts and 
the small circulation counted against getting any reputable 
national advertising. 

A large amount of free advertising was obtained by 
the use of advertising slips furnished to Suffragists for use 
in their correspondence. Leaflets, circulars and placards, in 
addition to the Woman's Journal carriage and booths at fairs 
and bazaars and conventions, have also been used to advertise 
the Journal. 

On July 1, 1910, the circulation of the Woman's Jour- 
nal was 3,989. 

On July 1, 1911, it was 14,890. 

Methods of increasing the circulation : 

The columns of the paper were used to exhort Suffragists 
to increase the circulation of the Journal. 

The former subscribers to Progress received the Woman's 
Journal instead of Progress for their unexpired sub- 
scription. They were urged to become regular subscribers to 
the Journal on the expiration of their subscription. 

A "Victory Through You" slip, asking each subscriber 
to get four new subscriptions, was sent out with each month's 
bills. Many Suffragists responded to this with from one to 
four new subscriptions. 

The whole correspondence in the office was conducted 
with a view to giving satisfaction, adjusting old accounts and 
difficulties, keeping old friends and making new friends. The 
co-operation of Suffragists in strengthening the Journal's sub- 
scription list was earnestly solicited in each letter that could 
properly contain such exhortation. 

Prizes and commissions were offered for new subscrip- 
tions. 

States were incited to friendly rivalry by publishing 
each week the names of the three States sending in the largest 
number of new subscribers. 

The Journal was put on the news stands wherever there 
was a demand for news stand sales. 



40 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Suffragists were urged to have the paper on sale at all 
Suffrage meetings and to have subscriptions taken at all 
Suffrage meetings. 

Whenever possible, the business manager attended 
nearby State conventions for the purpose of arousing support 
for the Journal. Addresses were made at the Massachusetts 
Convention in Lowell, in Winthrop, Waltham, at the New 
Hampshire Convention at Franklin, and at Old Orchard, Me. 

The office force consists of six people besides the business 
manager. They are : 

A bookkeeper, an assistant bookkeeper, who sends out 
bills and files all correspondence ; a subscription clerk, who 
enters all names and addresses and changes of addresses in the 
mailing list; a stenographer, an order clerk, who is also a 
stenographer and assists on the card catalogue; an advertis- 
ing solicitor, who carries on a daily publicity campaign for 
the Journal that helps in soliciting advertising. 

The correspondence is very heavy, comprising letters on 
subscriptions, publicity, advertising, orders, cuts and illustra- 
tions, ways of helping the Journal, and much that concerns 
the editorial department. 

Ordering the paper stock and watching the weight and 
quality each week. 

Directing the printing of the paper each week and speci- 
fying the size of the edition. 

Directing the mailing of the paper through the mail- 
ing company and the postoffice each week. 

No small part of the work is receiving subscribers from 
all over the country, and attending to their wants. 

AGNES E. RYAN, 

Business Manager. 



REPORT OF NATIONAL CONGRESSIONAL COM- 
MITTEE. 

Soon after the Washington Convention, in April, 1910, 
I was notified by the Corresponding Secretary of the National 
American Woman Suffrage Association that I had been ap- 
pointed Chairman of the Congressional Committee, with 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION' 41 

power to name other members. After careful thought and 
consultation I selected Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton, Ohio; Mrs. 
Elizabeth King Ellicott, Maryland; Mrs. Katharine Reed Bal- 
entine, California and Maine, and Miss Mary Gray Peck, New 
York. I afterward added Miss Belle Kearney, of Mississippi, 
who was in Washington during the Winter of 1910-1911, and 
gave her time to interviewing Senators and Representatives 
on the Suffrage question. It was felt to be important that 
as many sections as possible should be represented. In 
addition to the committee proper, State presidents were 
invited to co-operate, and the District of Columbia 
State Association paid for a stenographer and typewriter. 
We were fortunate in securing Mrs. Ezekiel, whose 
able work on the National petition had familiarized 
her with our Suffrage workers throughout the country. The 
District State Association also maintained headquarters, at 
1823 H Street, N. W. Many Washington women and women 
from other cities temporarily in Washington gave valuable 
assistance. 

The committee decided to question every Democratic 
and Republican nominee to Congress as to his opinions on 
the Suffrage question, and I consulted two of our friends 
in Congress— Hon. D. R. Anthony, of Kansas, and Hon. Frank 
M. Mondell, of Wyoming — submitting the questions and 
letter of transmittal. They both heartily endorsed the idea, 
cautioning us not to send out anything in the nature of a 
threat, as such letters are resented. Copies of questions and 
letter of transmittal are appended to this report. 

The Democratic National Committee, of which Mr. James 
T. Lloyd, of Missouri, was chairman, had its headquarters in 
Washington. We submitted to Mr. Lloyd copies of the corre- 
spondence we proposed sending out, and asked for the names 
of nominees from their records. Although there were many 
requests of this kind which he was obliged to refuse, he very 
generously placed his information at our disposal. As nomi- 
nations were made from June to September, it required many 
visits to the committee rooms to get the information. I also 
called at the temporary headquarters of the Republican Com- 
mittee and saw Mr. Curtis, who assured me that the Repub- 



42 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

licans would aid us in every way. Their permanent head- 
quarters were in New York City, and I did not call on them 
for any information until October 3, when I asked for ad- 
dresses of the Republican nominees in five districts which I 
had not been able to secure in Washington. I was practically 
refused. 

A letter was sent to all State presidents, enclosing lists of 
nominees in each State, asking their co-operation, and, as they 
were in closer touch with the nominees and voters and repre- 
sented State organizations, their aid was invaluable in secur- 
ing answers. 

In sending out letters to nominees a return stamped en- 
velope was enclosed. While this added to the expense, it 
seemed necessary, and we consider was money well spent. 

In order to accomplish the work, three evenings each 
week, from 8 to 11, were given up to sending out the letters, 
and many volunteer workers helped night after night. 

Mr. Edward Perkins Clark, representing the Socialists, 
sent us addresses of their nominees, but as Woman Suffrage 
is one of the planks in their platform we felt the additional 
work and expense would not be justified, and we sent to Wis- 
consin and Kansas only. In our summary we include only 
the Democrats and Republicans, except the elected Socialist 
member, Mr. Victor Berger, of Wisconsin. 

We sent questions to 672 nominees — Democrats 378, Re- 
publicans 293, Socialist 1 — and received 225 answers, as 
follows: 

Full suff rage ... 122 — Democrats 71 Republicans 50 Socialist 1 
Partial suffrage. 37 — Democrats 22 Republicans 15 

Opposed 14 — Democrats 13 Republicans 1 

Non-committal . 52 — Democrats 29 Republicans 23 



225 135 88 

Miss Kearney had letters of introduction to over one-fifth 
of the Senators and Representatives, and she supplemented 
our work of getting a Suffrage census of the Sixty-second 
Congress. 

Our report necessarily does not include all who are in 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 43 

favor of suffrage for women. A Congressman very closely 
represents the opinions of his constituents, and if his district 
is largely made up of the interests that are opposed to Woman 
Suffrage, he would sound his political deathknell if he pub- 
licly announced his belief in votes for women. We have some 
friendly members in Congress in this class whom we would 
not desire to embarrass. The relations of this committee with 
members of the Senate and House has been almost without 
exception of the most pleasant nature, and it has been a de- 
light to find so many hitherto unknown and unsuspected 
friends. Even those who are opposed often express them- 
selves as being influenced by tradition, prejudice or conserva- 
tism. Perhaps the most trying answers were those that con- 
ceded the right of suffrage "when all the women want it." 
We gradually grew merry over this bland and axiomatic an- 
swer, and gave a column in our tabulation for it. 

It was hoped that a certain amount of press work could 
be done in the States by sending to newspapers short articles 
as to the opinions of the nominees in each district as received, 
and a circular newspaper letter was prepared. In response 
to our request, State presidents sent us lists of newspapers. 
Letters were sent to a few States requesting the papers to 
send us copies of anything they printed. As we received no 
responses at all, we abandoned this work. A tabulated state- 
ment was sent out by the Associated Press on the day before 
election, and many general articles were published in Wash- 
ington and in the principal papers in large cities, the data for 
which was furnished by this committee, and a number of 
reports of progress were sent to the Woman's Journal. 

Early in our work the question of funds arose. We were 
informed that the National treasury was "pitifully empty," and 
even requests for literature, to follow up our questioning, 
were not complied with. 

The District State Association gave the services of a 
stenographer, paying her $75, and paid the rental for head- 
quarters at 1823 H Street, N. W., for sixteen months, this 
committee paying for one month. Contributions of $214 were 
made, including $100 contributed to Miss Kearney by Senator 
Stephenson, and handed by her to this committee. 



44 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

An effort was made to secure a correspondent in every 
Congressional district, and also a contribution of at least one 
dollar from each district, to be used in literature, etc., in that 
district, but the committee was not able to carry out this 
plan. We believe it to be a very valuable method of nation- 
wide agitation and hope that some time such a correspondent 
may be secured. 

The best use to be made of Senator Stephenson's con- 
tribution was discussed and decided that it would be doubly 
helpful in building up the circulation of the Woman's Journal 
and promoting Suffrage sentiment by sending the Journal to 
the families of Congressmen, especially those not in sympathy 
with our movement. The Journal gave us the benefit of the 
special rates, and two hundred subscriptions for one year 
were sent out. This involved a large amount of labor, as a 
letter was written to every woman to whom the Journal was 
sent, calling attention to special conditions in her State, if 
such existed. The Congressional Record had to be read 
nearly from cover to cover to find out who had wives and 
daughters to whom to send, and whether to the Washington 
or home address. Many appreciative letters have been re- 
ceived, but the main thing is really that this has been done. 

On the convening of the Sixty-second Congress in extra 
session Miss Shaw requested that arrangements be made for 
a hearing. The organization of Congress was not completed 
in time to secure a hearing prior to the International Conven- 
tion in Stockholm. I made a number of visits to the Capitol, 
but found that the Judiciary Committee of the House and the 
Woman Suffrage Committee of the Senate, before whom 
hearings are held, had not been appointed. Mr. A. W. Rucker, 
of Colorado, has introduced a joint resolution in the House 
of Representatives, asking for a suffrage amendment to the 
Constitution of the United States. Whenever this hearing 
is to be held it seems most important that at least one large 
public meeting should be held in Washington. Committee 
hearings, especially during this Congress, are almost a con- 
tinuous performance, and to attract special attention some 
outside meeting is important. It is also valuable to have 
members of Congressional committees reminded by their 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 45 

State associations that the question will be presented to them 
and that their constituents are interested. 

All speeches made before these committees are printed 
by the Government and become a part of the Congressional 
Record, and may be franked through the mails. While the 
Government does not print a large number free, further copies 
of the entire report or any portion may be secured by a mem- 
ber at actual cost and franked. Memorials to Congress also 
are matter that can be franked. It is a very valuable method 
of economical distribution to have the best things printed and 
franked in this way. Much work of this kind was done by 
Miss Anthony. 

At the request of the National officers Miss Harriette J. 
Hifton and myself appeared before the Committee on Post- 
offices and Postroads and advocated a more liberal and 
efficient parcels post. 

This report would be incomplete did it not mention cer- 
tain related work carried on by the wives and daughters of 
Congressmen. Several prominent Suffragists have appeared 
before the Congressional Club, whose membership is limited 
to members of Congressional families, and a great deal of Suf- 
frage sentiment has been created. 

Your committee rcommends: 

1. A continued effort to keep members of Congress in- 
formed on the progress of Suffrage. 

2. That candidates and nominees in every district be 
questioned as to their Suffrage sentiments. 

3. That candidates or nominees for the Senate be ques- 
tioned as to Suffrage sentiments, and that State Legislatures 
be reminded that their constituents favor Woman Suffrage. 

4. That Congressional hearings be accompanied by a 
large public meeting in Washington. 

5. That legitimate expenses of the committee be borne 
by the National American Woman Suffrage Association. 

Although your committee has worked hard, it has en- 
joyed the privilege of serving the cause in this way. We 
should like to express our thanks to every individual, but as 
we cannot name all we will not name any, but to each and 



46 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

every one, officers of the National body, presidents of State 
associations, individual workers, Congressional nominees, and 
members of the House and Senate who have helped to make 
our work so fruitful, we say that the value of their co-opera- 
tion is measured not only by the things actually accomplished, 
but also by the blessed spirit of united effort. 

EMMA M. GILLETT. 

Financial Statement. 
Receipts — 1910 : 

E. M. Gillett, contribution $100.00 

Sale of flyers, 50 cents; Mrs. Ezekiel, 50 

cents 1.00 

Belva A. Lockwood, for 18th Illinois Dis- 
trict 1.00 

Lila M. Valentine, for 3d Virginia District. 1.00 

Rose Temple, for Michigan District 1.00 

Mrs. J. B. Wilson, for 1st West Virginia 

District 1.00 

Mrs. D. Otey, for 6th Virginia District 1.00 

Mrs. Ella O. Shoemaker, for 17th Ohio Dis- 
trict 1.00 

Mr. F. D. Scott, for 14th Ohio District 1.00 

Mrs. Buhrer, for 21st Ohio District 1.00 

John J. Lentz, for 12th Ohio District 1.00 

Warren Political Equality Club, for 19th 

Ohio District 1.00 

Coover and Ebner, for 7th Ohio District... 1.00 

Springfield W. S. A., for 7th Ohio District. . 1.00 

Mrs. Conger, for 8th Iowa District 1.00 

Hon. Isaac Stephenson, U. S. Senator, Wis- 
consin 100.00 

State E. S. A., District of Columbia, con- 
tribution 225.00 



Expenditures — 

Stamps $ 48.32 

Printing 28.75 

Duplicator, Underwood 5.20 



$439.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 47 

Three copies Minutes of last Convention... 1.08 

Headquarters rent for one month 10.00 

Extra typewriting 16.00 

Typewriter supplies 2.50 

200 subscriptions to Journal 100.00 

Rent for headquarters 150.00 

Stenographer 75.00 

436.85 



Balance turned into National treasury $2.15 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ENDORSEMENTS 
BY ORGANIZATIONS. 

At the last Convention the number of Suffrage resolu- 
tions adopted by other than Suffrage organizations during 
the year was reported to be thirty-seven. The report did not 
state how many of these resolutions were secured in direct 
response to the work of Headquarters in sending out monthly 
reminders of the various convention dates to the State presi- 
dents. This year the number to be reported as the direct 
result of this work at Headquarters is only fourteen. 

It is something of a question whether it is worth while 
to continue this work, in view of the rather large amount of 
clerical work involved for such a relatively small return, espe- 
cially as it is undoubtedly true that Suffragists and Suffrage 
organizations have now acquired the habit of getting Suffrage 
resolutions passed by various organizations, and will do it 
independently, without being asked to do so by Headquarters. 
There is no way of accurately estimating the exact number of 
resolutions which have been carried by organizations during 
the past year, but those reported in the Woman's Journal, the 
Western Woman Voter, and in the daily press, would surely 
make a far larger total than has ever been reported before. 
The endorsement in California has been overwhelming; prac- 
tically every single kind of woman's organization in the State 
endorsed the amendment, including the Federation of Clubs, 
which action will have a very great influence upon the federa- 
tions of other States. Scores of men's organizations in Cali- 



48 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

fornia have added their endorsement also. Another good 
piece of independent work is the endorsement secured from 
thirty-seven farmers' institutes in Ohio, which have passed 
resolutions urging the delegates to the coming Constitutional 
Conventions to put an Equal Suffrage clause in the new Con- 
stitution. 

Everywhere that political district organization has been 
thoroughly established the work of getting endorsements 
from organizations has been pushed. It is one of the most 
productive kinds of work for the labor expended. This has 
been well demonstrated by the Woman Suffrage Party in 
New York. 

For the first twelve months after the Convention the 
method used at Headquarters was practically that of the pre- 
vious year, namely, to copy from "Russell's Convention 
Dates" the list of conventions to be held each month in each 
State, and send it to the State President in each case, with a 
note urging the necessity of getting as many resolutions 
passed as possible. The returns secured were very scant in 
proportion to the clerical labor necessary, so since September 
last we have sent only to those States in which there seemed 
to be some specially good opportunity at hand. The commit- 
tee would recommend the continuance of this latter method 
for the coming year, unless the members of the Convention 
can suggest a better one. 

Among the endorsements reported at Headquarters have 
been the following: From Ohio, the State Federation of 
Labor, the Lakeside Federation of twenty-six clubs, the State 
Prohibition Convention, and the Wood County Horticultural 
Society, besides the farmers' institutes already mentioned; 
from New York, the Lily Dale Assembly of Spiritualists ; from 
Iowa, the International Convention of Carpenters and Join- 
ers; from Kansas, the Women's Christian Temperance Union; 
from Massachusetts, the Brockton Central Labor Union ; from 
New Jersey, the Friends' General Conference and the Broth- 
erhood of the Claremont Presbyterian Church of Jersey City; 
from Michigan, the Copper Country Temperance League; 
from South Dakota, the State Grange; from New Hampshire, 
the Free Baptist Convention. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 49 

More and more as Suffrage work becomes directly politi- 
cal it is found necessary to present the Suffrage question and 
pass Suffrage resolutions at district or State political conven- 
tions. The endorsement of Equal Suffrage by the Republican 
State Convention in California, by the Democratic State Con- 
vention of Massachusetts, and the recent presentation of the 
question simultaneously at some seventy district conventions 
in New York City, by the Woman Suffrage Party, are in- 
stances of this significant political work. 

Roughly estimated, the organizations — State, National 
and International — which have endorsed Equal Suffrage ag- 
gregate a membership of over 26,000,000. 

MARY WARE DENNETT, 

Chairman. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION. 

Soon after the meeting of the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association, held in Washington, a year ago last 
April, your committee put itself in communication with all 
the States having Suffrage organizations, for the purpose of 
extending its activities. The result was that ten new States 
appointed members of their organizations to help in this work, 
so that a total number of sixteen States now have commit- 
tees on education. They are as follows: 

Ohio — Mrs. Ella O. Shoemaker, Massillon. 

Michigan — Mrs. Lenore Starker Bliss, Hockaday, Glad- 
win County. 

New Jersey — Mrs. Ida H. Riley, 7 Myrtle Avenue, Plain- 
field. 

Mississippi — Mrs. Jimmie A. Lipscomb, Flora. 

Nebraska — Mrs. E. L. Hinman, 2510 F Street, Lincoln. 

Minnesota— ^Mrs. Jane Bliss Potter, 1206 Fourth Street, 
S. E., Minneapolis. 

California — Mrs. Kate Ames, 2509 Regent Street, 
Berkeley. 

Maryland — Miss Edna A. Beveridge, 2113 Callow Ave- 
nue, Baltimore. 

Wisconsin — Mrs. Madge Watters, Richland Centre. 



50 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Georgia — Mrs. Adele Gill Helmer, 26 Dewey Avenue, 
Atlanta. 

New York— Mrs. Harry Hastings, 119 East Eighty-sixth 
Street, New York. 

Kentucky — Mrs. Desha Breckenridge, Linden Walk, 
Lexington. 

Colorado — Mrs. Helen M. Nixon, State Superintendent 
of Public Instruction, Denver. 

Illinois — Mrs. S. J. Hanes, 821 West Jefferson Street, 
Springfield. 

Iowa — Mrs. Lewis Miles, Corydon. 

Kansas — Miss Effie Graham, Topeka. 

Not all of these committees have done active work, as 
some have only recently been organized. In the States where 
campaigns are pending the work of the committee seems to 
have been generally laid aside for more aggressive campaign 
methods. However, that even in such States much can be 
accomplished through the Committee on Education is shown 
in the report from Kansas. The Chairman, Miss Effie Gra- 
ham, writes that the Committee on Education has decided 
on the following plan for the next year's work: "First — To 
offer money prizes in contests for the best essays on Woman 
Suffrage written by the graduates of common or graded 
schools, and by the members of the senior classes of the city 
high schools of the State. These essays are to be read in a 
public contest in each county, the essays winning first place 
to be forwarded to the district committee in each Congres- 
sional Ditsrict of the State, where prizes will again be awarded 
for first and second best; then the eight district prize-winners 
are to be entered into a State contest for a first and second 
place. Second — The Educational Committee hopes to secure 
the adoption of resolutions favoring an amendment, and 
pledges of support from teachers and other educational organ- 
izations. It is intended to organize the State with eight dis- 
trict chairmen, who will have the assistance of one county 
chairman in each county." 

Particular mention must also be made of the work done 
by the New Jersey committee. Women do not have school 
suffrage in New Jersey, but with the work done by the New 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 51 

Jersey Committee on Education, school suffrage cannot but 
become an achievement of the near future in that State. Mrs. 
Ida H. Riley, of Plainfield, N. J., writes that Governor Wilson, 
of New Jersey, approves of school suffrage for women, that 
the Federated Women's Clubs of the State have been work- 
ing to this end, and that Senator Frelinghuysen recommends 
women on boards of education and the school franchise in 
his report on the public schools of New Jersey. Mrs. Riley 
reports schools in ten cities of the State conducted on the self- 
government plan, as outlined by Miss Jane Brownlee in her 
booklet on "Child Training," and encloses a testimonial 
given by Miss Adeline Simpson on the effects of self-govern- 
ment upon her pupils. To quote from Miss Simpson's letter : 
"I find an entire lack of sex consciousness among the boys 
and girls of my school, and I ascribe the frank and courteous 
mutual helpfulness and the splendid spirit to the opportunity 
created for rational co-operation by the pupils of the self- 
government system. I have had pupil self-government for 
nine years, and never has the idea of fitness for office been 
coupled with the idea of sex. The first three mayors were 
boys, the next girls, the next a boy, then two girls, and so on, 
I have had all manner of combination of classes, such as half 
boys and half girls, forty boys and one girl, forty girls and 
one boy, and various degrees of proportion, and yet never 
has there been any feeling other than that of reasonable and 
friendly co-operation." Enumerating some of the results of 
the pupil self-government plan, she concludes by saying, 
"Pupil self-government has become such a part of the school 
life of my girls that to think of the school without it is to 
think of the school as dead." 

Mrs. Riley has added to the activities of her committee 
that of giving Suffrage plays, and recommends three English 
plays, short enough to be given in a single evening. They 
are, "Before the Dawn," "A Woman's Influence," and "How 
the Vote Was Won." 

Mrs. Ella O. Shoemaker, Chairman of the Committee 
on Education in Ohio, also reports having given Suffrage 
plays with much success. 

Mrs. Adele Gill Helmer, of Atlanta, Ga., Chairman of the 



52 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Committee on Education in that State, recommends the teach- 
ing of nature study in the schools as one of the best methods 
of inculcating in children the fundamental equality of the 
sexes. 

All this goes to show how varied and manifold may be 
the activities of a Committee on Education. Its possibilities 
are unlimited and its success depends in large measure upon 
the resourcefulness and devotion of the chairman. 

In regard to the investigation of text books, your com- 
mittee has not been able to secure as much co-operation as a 
work of so much magnitude requires. There should be in 
every State a special committee on text books, whose duty 
it should be to investigate the text books used in schools and 
colleges with a view to carrying out the resolution passed by 
the National American Woman Suffrage Association, at its 
meeting in Chicago in 1907. 

As the text books on civics have been particularly unfair 
to Woman Suffrage, either ignoring it entirely, or dismissing 
the subject with some unfavorable comment, it is pleasant to 
note an exception to this mode of treatment in a book on 
"Government and Politics in the United States," by Dr. 
William B. Guitteau, Superintendent of Schools, Toledo, 
Ohio. Dr. Guitteau not only gives information in regard to 
Equal Suffrage, but is also fair enough to say that it is the 
present tendency in the United States and generally through- 
out the world to allow women to vote on equal terms with 
men. This is a suggestion of the right kind, and one we fully 
appreciate. 

We are indebted to Miss Jane Brownlee for a number of 
copies of her booklet on "Child Training," for free distribu- 
tion among the members of the committee. 

In concluding this report, your committee again empha- 
sizes the points outlined in its aims and purposes. 

First — To secure text books, showing a proper recogni- 
tion of woman's work and influence in the history and devel- 
opment of nations, especially in history and civics. 

Second — To encourage women to serve on boards of 
education. 

Third — To organize mothers' clubs and parents' organ- 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 53 

izations, or patrons' leagues, in connection with every school 
building, and to aid, wherever possible, in the introduction of 
the self-government plan into our schools on the lines sug- 
gested by Miss Jane Brownlee in her booklet on "'Child 
Training." 

That other activities may be added according to the needs 
of the hour, is shown in the reports coming from the different 
States; the suggestions in regard to Suffrage plays and prize 
contests seem to be particularly valuable. 

Other activities may be added according to the needs 
of the hour. 

The Woman Suffrage Movement is in itself an educa- 
tional force. All that the Committee on Education can do, 
therefore, is to specialize on a few points. 

We must direct our activities toward the education of 
the children, for their opinions are not yet formed, their minds 
being still plastic. To keep them free from bias should be 
our first concern, for the training we receive in our early 
childhood is responsible for many a prejudice which it takes 
a lifetime to outgrow. Prejudice is the great enemy of all 
progress, and the only real opposition to Woman Suffrage 
to-day; yet we allow children to become prejudiced through 
text books, that are neither fair nor accurate, and through 
social observances which encourage a double standard of 
morals. Let us, therefore, look to our schools and. work hand 
in hand with the teachers, and let us encourage an attitude 
of mind at all times open to the truth, no matter from what 
source it may come, and a disregard for the opinions of the 
past — the "consistency" Emerson speaks of, which enables us 
to say with that great teacher, "Speak to-day, as to-day you 
think, and to-morrow, speak in words as hard as cannon balls 
what to-morrow thinks." 

One generation thus educated would win the world for 
Equal Suffrage. 

PAULINE STEINEM. 



54 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

REPORT OF THE PEACE AND ARBITRATION 
COMMITTEE. 

In the year and a half since the last annual meeting 
more public interest has been aroused in the peace cause than 
ever before. Mr. Ginn's endowment, a year ago, of "The 
World's Peace Foundation" with a million dollars provided 
an income of $50,000 a year for work along educational lines, 
especially in the publication of literature. Its headquarters 
are at 29A Beacon Street, Boston, Mass., and Suffragists 
may apply here for leaflets and pamphlets to use at peace 
meetings. These can be had free to some extent. Mr. Ginn, 
among other things, is enabling Miss Anna B. Eckstein, a 
Suffragist, who is an ardent peace propagandist, in securing 
in every land a monster petition to the third Hague Con- 
ference. 

Mr. Carnegie's gift of $10,000,000 adds a sum which, 
combined with Mr. Ginn's, gives the world for the first time 
the price of one battleship for the war against war. The 
twenty-seven trustees of this latter gift, of whom Senator 
Root is chairman, have decided to establish three depart- 
ments — that of International Law, with Dr. James Brown 
Scott as Chairman ; of Economic Research, with Prof. John 
B. Clark as Chairman, and of Propaganda, with President 
Nicholas Murray Butler, of Columbia University, as 
Chairman. 

Your Chairman has sent a careful memorial to the latter 
department, pointing out the need of propaganda among our 
more than 3,000,000 women in educational and philanthropic 
organizations, and suggesting that a modest sum be expended 
on literature, clerical service and expenses of lectures among 
these influential bodies. A mistaken notion is prevalent that 
these large endowments are ample to finance the five hun- 
dred peace societies of the world, print needed literature and 
carry on investigation ; subscriptions, in consequence, have 
actually diminished ; but when it is remembered that the total 
sum is no more than the cost of one university, and that it 
needs to influence 100,000,000 persons on the globe, it will 
be seen that vastly larger sums are needed and that every 
citizen must do his share. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 55 

Your Chairman, during the last year, gave in the United 
States eighty-three addresses — in Massachusetts, New Hamp- 
shire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, 
Illinois and Missouri. In July she gave addresses at different 
places in England and Scotland, and spoke at the first Univer- 
sal Race Congress in London. In August she spoke in Berlin 
and in other places in Germany. In September she accepted 
an invitation from Count Apponyi to speak before a distin- 
guished audience at Budapest. At Vienna she conferred with 
Baroness von Suttner in preparation for the International 
Peace Congress. 

Mrs. Royden Douglass, of New Orleans, President of the 
New Era Club last year, has accomplished an unusual amount 
of work for the peace cause, and sowed the seed for much 
larger work next year. She called a conference of the clergy, 
resulting for the first time in a general observance of the 
Sunday preceding May 18th by the preaching of peace ser- 
mons in eight different denominations. Preparation for these 
proved an eye-opener to some who had never studied the 
subject before. Mrs. Douglass' request to the School Board 
for the devotion of one hour on May 18th to peace exercises 
in the schools was granted, and she was permitted to engage 
speakers to address the pupils. The Superintendent of 
Schools wrote subsequently, "I believe that 'Peace Day' was 
a great educational day in the New Orleans schools." 

She enlisted co-operation of the State Federation of 
Women's Clubs and also secured the setting apart of one day 
during the week of prayer in the Southern Baptist Missionary 
Union for the consideration of international peace, and has 
requested all other denominations to ask their women to do 
the same. 

At the convention of the State Teachers' Association in 
Louisiana a school peace league was formed. At the New 
Orleans Woman's Club the peace question was taken up for 
parliamentary discussion. She secured peace articles in the 
press and letters sent to United States Senators urging rati- 
fication of the pending Anglo-American treaty. She declares 
her ambition to accomplish three times as much in 1912, as 
she will extend her work beyond the bounds of the city and 



56 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

throughout the State. I have had her report, thus briefly 
summarized here, copied and sent to some other peace 
workers, as an illustration of what one member of our depart- 
ment has accomplished. 

Miss Katharine H. Austin, of Providence, R. I., reports 
work which her State Suffrage Association has done. Mrs. 
May Wright Sewall was engaged to speak to the women stu- 
dents of Brown University and to the State Normal students 
and was eagerly listened to. The Chairman's circular letters 
were forwarded by her to local Suffrage leagues ; signatures 
were secured of eminent citizens to a form letter supplied by 
your Chairman, to United States Senators urging the ratifica- 
tion of the pending Anglo-American arbitration treaty; res- 
olutions of a similar character were secured from different 
organizations, which were sent to the Senators. 

Mrs. Phoebe C. Wright, of New Jersey, reports the dis- 
tribution of circular letters from the Chairman, programmes 
for Peace Day exercises in the schools and petitions sent to 
Congress for the neutralization of the Panama Canal. She 
has read and loaned "The Great Illusion," which was spe- 
cially recommended to Suffragists in the Chairman's circular, 
and is again herewith recommended to all who desire the 
freshest and most important book in recent years on eco- 
nomic aspects of the peace question. 

Mrs. Martha Allen, of Memphis, President of the Ten- 
nessee Equal Suffrage Association, has taken warm interest 
in the peace work. She reports a picnic, with choral music 
and addresses on the Hague Conference last year, on Peace 
Day; this year, through her local assistant, Mrs. Sadie Rich- 
mond, the Superintendent of Schools was persuaded to order 
that the 18th of May should be observed as Peace Day in all 
the Memphis schools. She has distributed literature and cir- 
cular letters more or less throughout the State, and secured 
from part of the clergy peace sermons. 

Mrs. Sarah A. Bissell, of Toledo, Ohio, reports distribu- 
tion of programs in schools and general observance of the 
18th of May in her city, both this year and last year. The 
Susan B. Anthony Club of Cincinnati sends peace resolutions 
passed at a meeting of their club, which includes a wish that 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 57 

the next National Peace Congress shall take place in Cin- 
cinnati. This will probably be the city selected. 

Mrs. Fitch, of Hurley, S. D., reports securing the pub- 
lication of peace articles in the local press. She says : "The 
peace movement is strong in the West. Decoration Day is 
usually observed and many of the speakers in the towns on 
that day made strong pleas for universal peace. The news- 
papers support it editorially and are awakening a strong 
sentiment among the people." 

Miss Laura R. White, of Louisville, Ky., reports the 
sending out of considerable literature and sample programs 
to 109 county superintendents of schools. 

Brief reports have been received from members of the 
committee from Washington, D. C, Washington State, New 
Hampshire and Texas. Mrs. Brown, of Baltimore, reports 
distribution of programs, various addresses given by her 
on international peace, and articles in the press, including a 
reply to Mr. Hobson, entitled "J a P an ' s Designs." 

The world for the first time has seen the head of a great 
nation declare that all questions between nations can be 
peacefully settled. President Taft's noble effort to secure 
treaties with other nations, to ensure arbitration between 
them of every justiciable question, should command the grati- 
tude of every patriotic woman. 

I had hoped to felicitate you on the ratification of these 
treaties by the necessary two-thirds of the Senate, but in 
chagrin and disappointment I must instead appeal to you to 
endeavor instantly to create such public sentiment as shall 
result in December in the acceptance of the treaties without 
amendment. 

If these treaties are thus ratified they will be secured not 
only for Great Britain and France, but certainly Germany, 
and I have no doubt Japan and most other nations will agree 
to identical treaties. The importance of this is painfully 
realized when one confers, as I am doing, with Europeans 
who are struggling with the problem of limitation of arma- 
ments, and one sees how earnestly they are watching the 
United States and what the failure of these treaties may mean 
to them. 



58 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

The objection raised as to the treaties permitting an 
influx of unwelcome aliens is preposterous. This is purely 
a national question and international law so recognizes it. 

Let every Suffragist, as a public duty, secure letters to 
the United States Senators from her State, urging ratification 
of the treaties without amendment. 

I am at all times glad to receive communications and 
ready to offer suggestions and literature to my utmost ability. 

LUCIA AMES MEAD. 



REPORT OF CHURCH WORK COMMITTEE. 

It is estimated that there is in the United States a total 
church membership of 34,517,317 persons. It would mean a 
great deal to the Woman Suffrage cause if this great organ- 
ized force, representing the most thoughtful and most influen- 
tial of every community,, could be brought to endorse Suffrage 
and to work for it. The experiences of the committee would 
seem to prove that in the transition taking place in the world 
of religious thought this is the most propitious time for 
women to obtain such support. This report will begin with 
some splendid work, done in Washington, D. C. 

Miss Hifton and Miss Kelton (now Mrs. Wiley) sent out 
150 typewritten letters to clergymen, inviting them to attend 
the last convention, enclosing the program, and asking if 
they would either preach on the subject or permit some of 
the Suffrage speakers to address meetings in their churches. A 
number of replies stated that they would preach on the subject 
themselves ; others asked that speakers be sent. Mrs. McCul- 
loch, Miss Laura Clay, Miss Kelton and Mrs. Craigie were 
sent, and it was arranged for Mrs. Craigie to address three 
ministerial associations, resulting in the appointment of a 
fraternal delegate from each association to attend the Suf- 
frage Convention. Mrs. Craigie also addressed a meeting in 
the Ingram Memorial Church, where a resolution was passed 
endorsing Woman Suffrage. 

Dr. Nina Wilson Dewey, Chairman of Church Work in 
Iowa, is an active worker, who arranged for Mrs. Craigie to 
address the members of the Baptist and Congregational 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 59 

churches of Des Moines at regular church meetings, largely 
attended, and where it was unprecedented to have Woman 
Suffrage presented, instead of an orthodox sermon. 

A number of clergymen have since come out openly in 
favor of Woman Suffrage. One member of the Iowa Church 
Work Committee had some leaflets printed at her own ex- 
pense for distribution among church people; a young people's 
association got up a debate on the question ; a colored min- 
ister asked for literature, to use in preparing a sermon ; a 
church member asked for the leaflet on "Christian Citizen- 
ship," to mail to friends; a missionary society and a Mothers' 
club have asked to be addressed. 

Mrs. Rastall reports for Illinois. 

In response to an earnest effort to secure written opin- 
ions of clergymen, I have received the unqualified endorse- 
ment of more than fifty ministers, with but four in doubt or 
opposed. 

I have also secured twenty-one persons who have agreed 
to undertake church work in different parts of the State. 

I have received reports only from : 

Abingdon, Miss Epha Marshall, who has asked three 
ministers to preach on Woman Suffrage; has persuaded the 
officers of two churches to receive a speaker; has spoken in 
three churches herself, and at one Chautauqua, and taken 
part in one Suffrage debate. 

Coulterville, Mrs. M. J. Jones, who reports her pastor 
preached a fine sermon. 

Savoy, Mrs. W. H. Wisegarver, who reports she has 
interviewed the minister and reports him heartily in sym- 
pathy with our cause. 

St. Jacob, Mrs. W. A. Thomasson, who reports she has 
carried out suggestions sent; has bought and given to their 
American ministers suitable literature, without result. She 
wants German literature for the German-speaking ministers. 

Mrs. McCulloch and Mrs. Trout have done valuable work 
among the churches, independent of the committee. Mrs. 
McCulloch reports a church meeting in Evanston, at which 
Dr. Aylesworth spoke ; letters written to all the pastors, ask- 
ing for a Suffrage sermon and enclosing the "Bible on Woman 



60 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Suffrage" leaflet, several responding favorably, and a plan for 
systematic distribution of literature among the churches. 

Mrs. Trout writes: I was asked to speak in the May- 
wood Congregational Church ; also in the Church of the Re- 
deemer, in Chicago ; the ministers of both churches declared 
in favor of Equal Suffrage. I wrote an article for the official 
organ of the Illinois W. C. T. U. ; also an article for the 
Northwestern Christian Advocate. 

Margaret Noble Lee, succeeding Mrs. Rastall, sends a 
good report for her portion of the year, including thirty calls 
for speakers — in five instances the Men's Organization desir- 
ing to have the subject presented. 

A circular letter has been sent out to fifty church society 
presidents and to the presidents of fifty-five Suffrage socie- 
ties in the smaller towns, also to the presidents of other 
women's clubs in the northern half of the State, asking the 
appointment of local chairmen of the State Committee of 
Church Work. 

Expenses of speakers and in some cases slight remunera- 
tion have been paid from the State treasury. Collections or 
memberships to State Association have so far been the only 
exactions. 

Miss Mary N. Chase reports for New Hampshire : I 
have spoken on Woman Suffrage four times in place of the 
regular sermon and at four other church meetings. My Sun- 
day meetings have been very successful, with large and atten- 
tive audiences. I have never heard one word of criticism. 

The Chairman for New Jersey, Elizabeth Timison Bart- 
lett, reports that letters were sent to each league, explaining 
the work of this department and the name of a chairman was 
asked for in each league. Six leagues responded. Letters 
of instruction were sent each chairman. The entire work 
was done by correspondence. 

The two members who proved most helpful were Mrs.. 
Annie N. Heulings, Morristown, who secured seven indorse- 
ments, and Mrs. George Kraft, of Trenton, who secured two. 
Our ever-faithful State President, Mrs. Clara Laddey, secured 
two endorsements ; also addressed several church meetings. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 61 

The leagues that failed to appoint chairmen were asked 
to contribute toward the expense of printing leaflets. One 
league at once contributed a sum of money and appointed 
a chairman, who did good work. To date four dollars have 
been received, and there are five leagues to hear from. Five 
hundred leaflets have been printed. 

Mrs. Catharine Stewart Wood reports for Pennsylvania. 
"The church work in Philadelphia at first met with a serious 
obstacle in the bitter and outspoken opposition of two clergy- 
men, prominent in their respective churches — the Episco- 
palian and Roman Catholic. Since they carried a great deal 
of influence among other clergymen, it was thought best, in- 
stead of directing attention to the churches, as churches, to 
appeal to church members, in their various ward and other 
meetings. Philadelphia seems to be more backward in this 
respect than other towns in the State, where I find much in- 
terest, especially among the wives of clergymen, who seem 
to appreciate more than do their husbands what an enfran- 
chised womanhood would mean to the churches in carry- 
ing on the moral and social reform work, which is now be- 
coming so important a part of church work." 

Much of the success of the campaign in California was 
due to the earnest efforts of the clergymen and church people. 
The Christian Socialist Fellowship of California adopted a 
resolution endorsing the efforts of the women of California to 
secure State-wide suffrage, and pledging aid. 

In the State of Washington the ministers are beginning 
to realize the great moral uplift that lies within the power of 
the women, even the Catholic clergy who were slow to favor 
the enfranchisement of women, are appreciating its signifi- 
cance and just before the last election every pastor of a 
Catholic church in Spokane took occasion on Sunday morn- 
ing from their pulpits to urge the women of the churches, as 
well as the men, to register and vote at the municipal election. 

In Virginia, Miss Mary Johnston addressed the Baptist 
Ministerial Conference. Her address produced a deep im- 
pression. Mrs. B. D. Valentine, who followed Miss John- 
ston spoke of the splendid missionary work done by women 
and said the church made a great mistake in not giving 



62 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

women more power to do practical work in actual church 
government. 

It needs neither figures nor argument to establish the 
fact, that church attendance and church worship are in a 
condition of decline. It is an auspicious and a critical period 
in the history of the church which is changing from the ex- 
ercise of power, to the employment of influence and the ap- 
peals that are coming to the churches are appeals for service 
from the men and women, who are the real power of the 
church. And the church is not appreciating the matter of 
resource that is lying dominant, when two-thirds of its mem- 
bership, the women, are powerless to carry on the moral and 
social reform work of the churches because as a disfranchised 
class, having no political status in the State, they are not 
counted as a potential working force. 

MARY E. CRAIGIE. 



REPORT OF THE ENROLLMENT COMMITTEE. 

In June a circular letter was sent to the corresponding 
secretaries of the State Associations, inclosing the following 
letter to the Chairmen of the Enrollment Committees : 

My Dear Chairman of Enrollment: 

We have now a new and valuable incentive for enlarg- 
ing and developing our enrollment work, in the splendid 
growth of the Woman Suffrage Party in New York City. 
The time has come when we should utilize all the names we 
have enrolled during past years, and make them have a direct 
political influence in each State. 

If you have large numbers enrolled in your State, you are 
just so much better equipped to undertake the next step in 
enrollment work, which is political district organization. If 
your enrollment list is small, all the more need for joining 
in heartily and promptly with the new plan, which the en- 
closed leaflet describes. 

I, therefore, recommend that your enrollment committee, 
if you have one, shall set to work at once and reclassify all 
your enrollment names, including names copied from the big 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 63 

petition of last year, and group them according to the elec- 
tion districts or precincts of your State. That will be the first 
step toward political district organization. 

As you go over the list, you will undoubtedly find names 
of active women, who would make good district leaders and 
chairmen. Securing these is the next step. 

Several of the States have already made gratifying prog- 
ress in political district organization, and if all the States will 
push ahead on substantially the same general plan, we ought 
to be able, by the time of the Convention at Louisville, in 
October, to have a conference on the subject, that will be a 
real milestone in the progress of Suffrage organization. 

A copy of the enclosed leaflet has already been sent to 
the President and Secretary of each State Association. 

Will you not, as promptly as possible, confer with the 
officers of your Association on this matter, and do everything 
you can to further this plan for transforming the old work of 
enrollment into a practical efficient machine for actual 
victory ? 

Mrs. Ruby J. Eckerson, Corresponding Secretary, Iowa 
Equal Suffrage Association, wrote that they had no enroll- 
ment committee, but she thought the political district organ- 
ization a fine one and hoped their State Convention would 
take up the work so that Iowa could be completely organized. 

Miss Kate M. Gordon replied for Louisiana, that the plan 
of work would be valuable where there was definite political 
work to do, but the State was not sufficiently organized to 
undertake the work now. 

In New Orleans the Suffragists were encouraging the 
women to work the charities along precinct and ward lines, 
which they hoped would aid us in our work later. 

The Nebraska Association Corresponding Secretary, 
Miss Mary H. Williams, wrote that no enrollment work had 
been done for years, except the copying of the names of the 
Congressional Petition, which she would try to classify for 
political district work. 

About a month ago requests for brief reports of work 
done were sent to States where it was supposed the work 



64 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

might have been taken up. New Jersey's report is as fol- 
lows: 

The New Jersey Woman's Suffrage Association having 
decided to do its enrollment work by means of a Woman 
Suffrage Party Committee, a Chairman for this Committee 
was appointed November 24, 1910, and each of the fourteen 
Leagues comprising the Association was asked to appoint one 
of its members to serve on this Committee. 

The first meeting of the Woman Suffrage Party Commit- 
tee was held February 21, 1911, with five Leagues repre- 
sented. It was decided to follow the methods of work of the 
Woman Suffrage Party in New York City as closely as 
possible, although it was not thought feasible to undertake a 
thorough "district organization" of New Jersey until there 
was a sufficient number of volunteers to do the work. 

The second meeting of the Committee was held April 
18, 1911, at which five Leagues were represented. The Chair- 
man reported having written each of the State Leagues about 
the plan of work decided upon at the first meeting of the 
Committee. It was decided not to attempt any definite "or- 
ganization" work before the coming Fall, but that individ- 
uals should secure as many signatures on the enrollment 
blanks as possible during the Summer, and endeavor to 
awaken the members of the different Leagues to a sense 
of the importance of the new plan of enrollment work, which 
is ideal in that it will embrace people of both sexes and all 
stations, whether they are able to become members of local 
Suffrage Clubs or not, and enable the leaders in Suffrage 
work to know just who the friends of Woman Suffrage are. 

Since this meeting, forty dollars has been raised and two 
hundred and seventy-six signatures secured by individual 
workers. The Chairman has spoken before two Leagues (by 
invitation), and she has been asked to speak before two other 
Leagues this Fall. She has recently received several letters 
asking about the work, and thinks that after the Convention 
of the New Jersey Woman's Suffrage Association in Novem- 
ber, where the new enrollment work is going to be actively 
pushed by several members of the Woman Suffrage Party 
Committee, that it will be taken up with much greater earn- 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 65 

estness by the various State Leagues, and that a large enroll- 
ment will be made during the coming Winter. 
Respectfully submitted, 

Lillian F. Feickert, 
Chairman Woman Suffrage Party Committee. 
N. J. Woman's Suffrage Association. 

The Corresponding Secretary of the Delaware Associa- 
tion, Mary R. de Vou, replied that "the time was not ripe 
there for such a movement." 

Most of the States have not yet taken up this work, but 
it is hoped that the enthusiasm inspired by the reports of 
those who have tried it at the Conference will result in creat- 
ing widespread activity along this line of time-honored po- 
litical action among men. 

The Chairman took long yellow envelopes with the name 
of the State Association printed on them and filled them with 
a few carefully selected leaflets and flyers and a few Woman 
Suffrage party blanks and wrote the following on the en- 
velope: "Men and women citizens are asked to sign these 
blanks. I expect to leave copies of these papers at every house 
in this district. I will call for them in a few days and shall 
be glad to answer any questions." 

The number of new names secured thus far has been 
encouraging. 

MARY D. HUSSEY, 
Chairman Committee on Enrollment 



CALIFORNIA DISTRICT ORGANIZATION 

The following proved to be so successful a leaflet in 
California that it is well to reprint it here, as an example of 
excellent district organization work. 

Instructions to Precinct Chairmen 

As chairman of your district, you will be expected to find 
workers for your precinct. 

You need the index of the voters of your precinct. All 
Los Angeles City and County chairmen may obtain this by 



66 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

calling at the organization office of the Political Equality- 
League, Choral Hall, Auditorium Building, at 5th and Olive 
Streets, Los Angeles. If living outside of Los Angeles City 
and County, call at your county clerk's office, where Great 
Registers are open to all. 

Call a meeting of your precinct workers, ten if possible; 
this will probably have to be preceded by teas and pleasant 
gatherings, addressed by speakers whom the organization 
office will gladly furnish. 

When you have secured as many workers as possible, 
call them together and read out list of voters. As any wo- 
man hears the name of a man she knows or knows of any 
person who can reach him, she puts him upon her list. Sub- 
divide entire list in this way. If there is a large number of 
voters left whom no woman knows, divide them among work- 
ers according to streets or any convenient way so that every 
woman shall be responsible for her list and hers alone. Each 
worker will be expected to see all voters on her list and find 
out from them if they are in favor, opposed or indifferent to 
woman suffrage; make note of same, report it to precinct 
chairman, who will report to central office. 

See that those who are indifferent are approached by 
people able to interest and instruct them, and supply them 
with literature bearing upon the question. Such literature 
can be secured at the office of the Political Equality League. 

Instructions to Precinct Workers 

Urge all men in favor of woman suffrage to register and 
see that they vote. 

Find women who will do one of the following things: 

(1) Help as precinct worker. 

(2) Volunteer clerical work, such as: 

(a) Writing letters, 

(b) Typewriting, 

(c) Directing envelopes, etc. | 

(3) Give Suffrage teas and meetings at her home. 

(4) Get the question of Woman Suffrage before some 
church, lodge, club or society, either in the form of an enter- 
tainment or Suffrage address. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 67 

(5) Watch for opportunities to place posters and litera- 
ture in stores, offices, shops, halls, churches or out of doors 
where some public affair is to be held. 

(6) Secure the use of as many automobiles as possible 
for election day. 

(7) Enroll the names of women of all ages who will be 
at the precinct booths, rain or shine, election day. The Wash- 
ington women gained many votes by this method. 

(8) Help to get into local papers matter relating to 
Woman Suffrage which will be furnished them weekly by 
the publicity Department of the Political Equality League. 

(9) Wear a button and urge others to do the same. 
Last and not least ! 

(1) Get as many voluntary contributions as possible. 

(2) Get men and women to pledge monthly sums as 
large as they can afford. Even as small amounts as 10c per 
month help greatly if we have enough of them. All contri- 
butions to be made to Political Equality League, Choral Hall, 
Auditorium Building, Los Angeles. 

Instructions to Chairmen of Precincts by Mrs. Charles 
Farwell Edson, Organization Chairman of the Political 
Equality League and Organization Representative of the Cal- 
ifornia Equal Suffrage Association of Southern California. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ONI PRESIDENTIAL 
SUFFRAGE 

The Chairman of the Committee on Presidential Suffrage 
has rather an argument than a report to make. Shortly after 
her appointment a letter was written to the Woman's Journal 
urging the petitioning of legislatures for Presidential Suf- 
frage for women, as an effective means of propaganda, where 
work for full Suffrage is impractical. This resulted in in- 
quiries in regard to the method of procedure, but no reports 
have been received, excepting from Rhode Island Woman 
Suffrage Association, which, in accordance with its usual 
practice, petitioned the legislature for this form of franchise. 
A hearing was given by which popular attention was called to 



68 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the political disabilities of women, and the press gave much 
space to the arguments offered for their enfranchisements. 
Those who are familiar with this line of work recognize at 
once as the most dignified and simple form of protest, that is 
at once radical in principle and conservative in practice. 

There are two classes of States where it would be mani- 
festly the best form of Suffrage work. Those where no seri- 
ous consideration would be given to a measure asking for full 
Suffrage — and those which are not prepared for a campaign 
for full Suffrage and where it would be a positive embarrass- 
ment to our cause were the measure submitted to the voters. 

Believing that once its advantages as an educational 
method are appreciated, it will be adopted by many States as 
the best form of legislative appeal, the continuance of this 
Committee is recommended. 

ELIZABETH UPHAM YATES, 

Chairman. 



REPORT OF LEGAL ADVISER. 

The Legal Adviser has answered legal questions submit- 
ted to her by the Board and answered a variety of questions 
from women all over the United States. The zeal for up-to- 
date information on matters concerning the Legal Status of 
Women is increasing. 

Repeated inquiries led to the compilation of a set of ques- 
tions, supposed to include all the things about which women 
would care to ask. This list of forty-four questions was sent 
to Presidents of State Suffrage Associations, Federated Clubs, 
W. C. T. Unions and to leading members of the bar. The 
first lot of letters went out from Headquarters, but the Legal 
Adviser has followed these up by many more letters and as a 
result the Woman's Journal is now publishing weekly, unless 
crowded by campaign matter, the answers to the forty-four 
questions, one State at a time. These are not sensational or 
calculated to amuse. They are dry facts but also instructive 
and the credit for them is given to the lawyers who prepared 
them. Instead of using the time allowed the Legal Adviser 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 69 

in making a report of the details of her year's work, the space 
will be used for a paper on the guardianship of children which 
may answer the many questions on that always interesting 
subject. This can be printed in the minutes with all the legal 
citations. 

This data is taken from the very latest copies of statutes 
as revised in each state and from the session laws following, 
down to date. 

Guardianship of Children 

The subject of the guardianship of children could have 
been treated a century ago in a few words. The father of the 
legitimate child was his sole guardian and the mother had no 
authority or right concerning their child except such as the 
husband gratuitously allowed her. She had, however, all the 
duties which the husband might put upon her. This meant 
that the husband decided about the children's food, clothing, 
medicine, school, church, home, associates, punishments, plea- 
sures and tasks, and that he alone could apprentice a child, 
could grant him for adoption or control his wages. 

Many mothers were kept in happy ignorance of such un- 
just laws, because their husbands voluntarily yielded to them 
much of the authority over the children. But this was not so 
in all families. Many mothers took cases to Supreme Courts, 
protesting against the absolute paternal power. When moth- 
ers learned what this sole guardianship meant, they urged 
legal changes. Our present guardianship laws, very few 
alike, show how women, each group alone in their own States, 
have struggled to mitigate the severest evils of sole fatherly 
guardianship, especially the guardianship of the child's per- 
son. This to mothers was more important than the guardian- 
ship of the child's property. 

Perhaps the greatest suffering came from the father's 
power to deed or to bequeath the guardianship to a stranger 
and away from the mother. Most of the States now allow a 
surviving mother the sole guardianship of the child's person 
with certain conditions. 

Six States have not yet thus limited the father's power: 
Delaware (Rev. St. 1893, P. 713, Sec .8). "The father may by 



70 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

deed or will name a guardian for his child"; Florida has a 
similar provision (Statutes 1906, P. 1027, Sec. 2086) ; Georgia 
(Code of 1911, Sec. 3033) "He may appoint by will," (There 
is a little obscurity in this statute but as the mother "if a 
widow" is given power to appoint a guardian for such chil- 
dren as have none, as to their person, this is an implied admis- 
sion of the father's higher power) ; Tennessee (Code 1896, 
Sec. 4258) "The husband may appoint by deed or will" "un- 
less he has abandoned his wife without lawful cause" (Sec. 
4251); Virginia (Sec. 2597, Code 1904), "Every father may 
by his last will and testament appoint a guardian for his 
child"; Maryland (Public Statutes 1904, Vol. 2, P. 2013, Sec. 
179. See also P. 2003 and Sec. 145 and 147) possibly quali- 
fied by a reference to a mother being "left the natural guar- 
dian." (See also Hill vs. Hill, 49 Md., 450, Cornes Case, 2 B. 
Md. 488.) Alabama technically might be classed with these 
six States for the father by statute is specifically empowered 
to choose a guardian by his last will but the father's power is 
much limited (Code 1907, Sec. 4340), by this "The mother is 
entitled to the custody of the person of the ward until it is 
fourteen years of age." So Alabama is classed with another 
group of States. 

In these States where the guardianship is not specifically 
granted to the surviving mother, the father's sole power of 
guardianship would cover his child even if yet unborn. Other 
States formerly so decided. 

In North Carolina the father's common-law power to 
deed or will (Pell's Revisal of 1908, Sec. 1762) is limited 
(Statute of 1911, Chap. 120) by conditioning it upon the writ- 
ten consent and privy examination of the mother. In New 
Jersey (Gen. Statutes 1895, Sec. 1615) the mother's consent 
must be in writing and acknowledged before two witnesses. 
These last two States, though recognizing the old rule, fall 
into another group of more progressive States, where the 
surviving parent is sole guardian unless he or she has by duly 
executed instrument resigned his or her rights of guardian- 
ship. 

Some of the States which allow the surviving maternal 
parent to be sole guardian, qualify it by the proviso that she 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 71 

remain a widow or unmarried. If contracts in restraint of 
marriage are void some bright young lawyer may yet win 
her spurs by proving to some Supreme Court that laws in 
restraint of legal marriage are also void. If a widower's 
guardianship ceased upon his remarriage such laws would 
speedily be changed. 

Among the States which thus discourage a widow's re- 
marriage are: Arizona (Revised Statutes 1901, Sec. 1958). 
Georgia (Code 1911, Sec. 3034) "If a widow." 
New Jersey (Gen'l Statutes 1895, P. 1615, Sec. 2) "being 
a widow." 

North Dakota (Revised Code, 1905, Sec. 8240). 
Oklahoma (Compiled Laws of 1909, Sec. 5476). 
South Dakota (Compiled Laws 1910, Vol. 2, P. 423, Sec. 
370). 

Wisconsin (P. 1282, Supplement 1906, Sec. 3964). 
Wyoming being near the Western States, which thus dis- 
courage marriage might be expected to have a law which 
would follow the same wording and the law does in other re- 
spects. But as Wyoming women vote this provision was made 
that the surviving mother whether remarried or not, might be 
guardian. (Compiled Statutes 1910, Sec. 5739.) 

In many of the States which allow mothers the guard- 
ianship after the father's death, the cautious legislators have 
hedged a little by providing that the mother may secure this 
guardianship only if she be competent to transact her own 
business or is not otherwise unsuitable or is a suitable per- 
son. Some provide for her removal if incompetent. Among 
the States showing this timidity are: Arizona, California, 
Michigan, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, Vermont, 
Wisconsin. 

This qualification of competency is in several States men- 
tioned concerning both parents and might well be understood 
to be implied in all guardianship statutes, for the courts of 
almost all the States exercise the power of removing children 
from the custody of parents grossly incompetent, unsuitable 
or delinquent. 

There is a long list of States where the father during his 
lifetime is sole guardian and after his death the surviving 



72 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

mother is the sole guardian, either conditionally or uncondi- 
tionally by definite words or certain implications, with the 
same powers exercised by a father in his lifetime. The 
guardianship laws in these States are a standing monument 
to the faithful legislative work done by women in their re- 
spective States. 

Among these are : 

Alabama (Code of 1907, Sec. 4339 in case of girl or boy 
under fourteen by implication). 

Arizona (Revised Statutes 1901, Sec. 1958). 

Arkansas (Kirby's Digest 1904, P. 855, Sec. 3759). 

California (Kerr's Cyclopedia, Code 1907, Sec. 1751). 

Idaho (Revised Code 1908, Sec. 5774). 

Indiana (Burns Annotated Statutes 1908, Sec. 3065). 

Louisiana (R. C. C. Art. 216 and 250). 

Michigan (Vol. Ill, P. 2680 (8701) Sec. 5). 

Mississippi (Code 1906, Sec. 2401) by implication. 

Missouri (Rev. Statutes 1909, Sec. 403). 

Montana (Rev. Code 1907, Sec. 7757). 

Nevada (Compiled Laws 1900, Sec. 563). 

New Jersey (Gen'l Statutes 1895, P. 1615, Sec. 1). 

New Mexico (Compiled Laws 1897, Sec. 1434 to 1471). 

North Carolina (Pell's Revisal, Sec. 1762) if father have 
not appointed with her consent. 

North Dakota (Revised Code 1905, Sec. 8240). 

Ohio (General Code 1910, Sec. 10928). 

Oklahoma (Compiled Laws 1909, Sec. 54761). 

Rhode Island (Gen'l Laws 1909, P. 1170, Sec. 5). 

South Dakota (Compiled Laws 1910, Vol. 2, P. 523, Sec. 
370). 

South Carolina (Code 1902, Sec. 2689). 

Texas (Civil Code 1897, Art. 2577). 

Utah (Compiled Laws 1907, Sec. 3995). 

Vermont (Public Statutes 1906, Sec. 3155). 

West Virginia (Code 1906, Sec. 3220). 

Wisconsin (Supplement 1906, P. 1282, Sec. 3964). 

Wyoming (Compiled Statute 1910, Sec. 5739). 

Although in California and Mississippi nothing specific is 
said about survivorship, these States are included in the above 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 73 

list because it is generally held that the surviving mother 
succeeds to the guardianship when the father does not pre- 
vent it and because in California (Kerr's Cyclopedia, Code 
1907, P. 2203, Sec. 1751) the words of the statute are "The 
father or the mother." The court has held that under this 
the father has superior rights but would probably allow the 
surviving wife to be sole guardian in order to give some effect 
to the words "or the mother." Mississippi recognizes the 
mother's right of guardianship over her "fatherless child" 
and as it also specifically gives the husband the right to grant 
the guardianship of his "motherless child" (Code 1906, Sec. 
2401) a court would probably hold that he could not have 
such power should the mother survive. This makes twenty- 
seven (27) States in all with surviving mother the sole guar- 
dian. 

Washington is not included in the above list though Sec. 
1629 of the Code of 1910 declares the father sole guardian 
with the same right to a surviving mother. Another statute 
makes their rights and duties equal and lawyers report that 
this statute is followed. There are no decisions to guide us, 
so Washington is listed later among the States allowing joint 
guardianship. The same is true in Oregon. (Oregon Laws 
1910, Sec. 1314, Sec. 2 of Married Woman's Act 1886.) 

When statutes make no mention of the father's sole 
guardianship, a court would doubtless hold that the father had 
the sole right under the English common law and that the 
mother had no rights except such as were specifically ex- 
tended by statute. Among States with such statutes we 
might count Maryland (Sec. 179, P. 2013, and Public Laws 
1904, Sec. 147) where a wife may appoint a guardian when she 
is left the natural guardian. This means when a husband has 
bequeathed her the power, for decisions state that under the 
Statute of 12 Chas. II, Chap. 24 "still in force," the father 
can by will dispose of a child's custody, and Mississippi (Code 
1906, Sec. 2401) where a wife may by will appoint a guardian 
for her fatherless child and the father may appoint one for his 
motherless child. In Virginia it is also allowed a mother to 
appoint by will if father did not. 

There are some interesting variations of wording in these 



74 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

statutes. Wyoming throws caution to the winds and lets a 
surviving mother be guardian, "whether remarried or not." 
This is much like the impetuous answer which Wyoming sent 
back to the U. S. Congress which, because of Wyoming's 
having had Woman Suffrage, had long delayed Wyoming's 
application for admission to the sisterhood of States. 

New Mexico, Arkansas and Missouri are cautious to the 
extremity of reiteration. "The father while living and after 
his death and when there shall be no lawful father." 

Missouri describes the guardian of the child by the al- 
most forgotten term of "curator" while Louisiana uses the 
word "tutor." 

Some States mitigate the rigors of the father's guardian- 
ship by allowing the mother a voice in the adoption of a child. 
Among these are Florida (Statutes 1906, Sec. 2639) if father 
has abandoned child, Mississippi (Code 1906, Sec. 542) and 
Wisconsin (Supplement 1906, P. 1282, Sec. 3964). 

In Texas where the parents live together the father is the 
natural guardian (Civil Code 1897, Art. 2575), but when they 
do not live together their rights are equal and the guardian- 
ship is assigned to one or the other, taking into consideration 
the interest of the child alone. 

When a father abandons his child, is insane or is sent to 
the penitentiary without disposing of his child's guardianship, 
courts would hold that the mother succeeded to the parental 
duties both maternal and paternal. Courts would generally 
also hold in the absence of specific prohibitory statutory pro- 
visions that such abandoned mother would succeed to all 
parental rights. Some States make such a provision definite- 
ly in the statutes. Tennessee (Code 1896, Sec. 4251), how- 
ever, makes the abandoned wife's guardianship possible, "If 
it appear to the Court that he abandoned her without a lawful 
cause." Until a wife makes such proof, the husband could 
doubtless send for the children and might, if they were of 
working age, able to support him, compel them to do so. 

In divorce proceedings without statutory provisions, 
making any such directions, the courts would to-day take full 
jurisdiction of the children of the marriage, generally award- 
ing their custody to the innocent party, having in view not 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 75 

the feelings of the parent so much as the welfare of the child. 
This would also be true in the few remaining States where 
joint or equal guardianship prevails. But in these latter 
States the wife comes into court the recognized equal of her 
husband in guardianship and her chances are far better than 
when legally handicapped by statutory disqualification. 
Even in some of the new Suffrage States where equal guard- 
ianship is not yet specifically provided, the voting mother 
feels quite sure of fair treatment. 

There are sixteen States, including District of Columbia, 
which make parents joint guardians. In law "joint" has a 
meaning different from equal or similar. "Joint owners" of per- 
sonal property have equal rights during the lifetime of both, 
but the survivor takes all and so their interests turn out not 
to be equal or similar. "Joint trustees" have equal control 
over the property of the cestui qui trust only while trustees 
live and then the surviving trustee has the sole power. "Joint 
tenants" of real estate have equal rights during the lifetime of 
all the joint tenants, but the survivor succeeds to all the 
rights. "Joint" preceding the word "guardianship" means, 
the duties and powers equal during the joint lifetime of the 
guardians with all power and duty concentrated in the sur- 
vivor. 

Idaho and Utah are not included in this list, for Idaho's 
statute (Revised Code 1908, Sec. 5774) says "Either the fath- 
er or mother" which though practically the same, especially in 
Equal Suffrage States where women help elect officers, is not 
technically joint guardianship. Utah grants guardianship to 
"A parent but as between parents, other things being equal, 
if the child is of tender age, it shall be given to the mother 
or if it be of age to require education and preparation for 
labor or business, to the father" (Compiled Laws 1907, Sec. 
3995). Utah also provides that in case of separation the 
mother unless immoral shall be entitled to the guardianship 
of minor children, etc. (Sec. 1212). A child can not be adopted 
without the consent of its parents (Sec. 4, P. 133). This, too, 
gives a mother as good a chance as a father. So for practical 
utility Utah and Idaho might well be among the sixteen joint 
guardianship States and on the honor roll which follows : 



76 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Colorado (Rev. Stat. Sec. 2912). 

Connecticut (Gen'l Stat. 1902, Sec. 206). 

District of Columbia (Code 1911, Sec. 1123). 

Illinois (Rev. Stat. Chap. 64, Sec. 4). 

Iowa (Annotated Code, 1897, Sec. 3192). 

Kansas (Gen'l Stat. 1909, Sec. 3966). 

Kentucky (Acts 1910, P. 93). 

Maine (Rev. Stat. 1903, P. 617, Chap. 69, Sec. 2). 

Massachusetts (Supp. 1902-1908, P. 1277, Chap. 145). 

Minnesota (Rev. Laws 1905, Sec. 3834). 

Nebraska (Cabby's Comp. Stat. 1909, Sec. 5376). 

New Hampshire (Laws 1911, P. 110, Chap. 104). 

New York (Wadhams Const. Laws 1909, P. 550, Sec. 81). 

Oregon (Sec. 2 Married Woman's Act 1880). 

Pennsylvania (Pepper & Laws Digest 1907, P. 4875, Sec. 
23). 

Washington (Remington & Ballinger's Code, Vol. 2, Sec. 
5932). 

Our bar associations, State and National, struggle with 
the problem of uniformity in legislation on a variety of legal 
topics. 

The Governors' Conferences also discuss uniformity but 
there are few matters concerning which the laws are as dis- 
similar as are these. Uniformity is needed here and the Bar 
Associations and Governors' Conferences should help secure 
joint guardianship laws in the six States where father is sole 
guardian and in the twenty-seven other States where the 
father's sole guardianship is limited by the rights granted the 
surviving mother. 

CATHARINE WAUGH McCULLOCH. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS 

The National American Woman Suffrage Association, as- 
sembled for its forty-third annual meeting in the City of 
Louisville, Kentucky, affirms for the forty-third time its ar- 
ticle of faith to be the enfranchisement of women. 

It calls upon all the States, its members, to rejoice over 
the victorious States, Washington and California, and the 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 77 

triumphs won in the Legislatures of the States where 
Woman Suffrage amendments are to be submitted to the vot- 
ers this coming year, Wisconsin, Kansas and Oregon. 

It declares that we are on the dynamic eve of a more dy- 
namic morrow. And it presents to its members, in convention 
assembled, the following resolutions: 

Greetings to Washington 

RESOLVED that the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association in Convention assembled sends greeting 
to the men of Washington in appreciation of the 24,000 ma- 
jority vote, which gave their women the ballot, and thus gave 
to the electorate 175,000 new voters. Their example has al- 
ready been and in the future must be an inspiration to the 
men of other States. 

Greetings to California 

RESOLVED that the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association send greeting to the men of California, 
who have given the women of their State the right of suffrage. 
To these justice-loving men is due the grateful thanks of the 
women and men of the whole world. 

Peace 

WHEREAS there is great danger that the United 
States Senate in December may vitiate the efforts of Presi- 
dent Taft to secure adequate arbitration treaties with Eng- 
land, France and other nations, and 

WHEREAS the proposed amendments to the treaties will 
be a distinct hindrance to the Peace movement and a weak- 
ening of our moral influence abroad and 

WHEREAS upon women and children no less than upon 
men fall the hardships and sufferings of war, therefore 

RESOLVED that the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association urges each Suffragist and each State branch 
and local league to secure at once as many brief letters as pos- 
sible to their own senators, urging the passage of the arbitra- 
tion treaties in the form desired by President Taft, also let- 
ters to President Taft and Honorable Elihu Root 



78 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Finland 

WHEREAS Russia proposes to deprive certain provinces 
of Finland of their constitutional liberties and 

WHEREAS Finland has appealed against this wrong to 
all peoples who love justice, be it 

RESOLVED that the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association in Convention assembled express its sym- 
pathy with the men and women of Finland and protest, is the 
name of human liberty against the course of Russia. 

Petition to Congress 

WHEREAS, the Woman's National Committee of the 
Socialist Party is preparing to submit to the Congress of the 
United States, a petition asking for the political equality of 
men and women be it 

RESOLVED that the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association welcome the aid of political parties; that 
we endorse the petition and co-operate in securing signatures 
to it. 

Joint Resolution 

WHEREAS there is a joint resolution in the United 
States Congress, proposing an amendment to the Federal Con- 
stitution, providing for the election of United States Senators, 
by the people of each State ; the electors in each State to have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous 
branch of the State Legislature, thereby excluding women in 
all but six States, therefore; 

RESOLVED, that the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association believes that the popular election of United 
States senators should be by the people, without any restric- 
tion as to sex. 

Single Moral Standard 

RESOLVED that the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association advocates the same moral standard for men 
and women and the same legal penalties for those who trans- 
gress the moral law. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 79 

Pure Food 

WHEREAS we the members of the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association, in Convention assembled, en- 
dorse the campaign for pure food and drugs and 

WHEREAS we believe without the earnest efforts of the 
supporters of this cause the people of this country would still 
be the victims of misbranded and adulterated foods and 
drugs; and 

WHEREAS, as mothers, wives and daughters, we believe 
the welfare and safety of our homes depends upon the purity 
and cleanliness of our food, therefore be it 

RESOLVED that we deprecate any movement to ham- 
per or defeat the efforts honestly to enforce the law. 

Angelina Napolitano 

Be it RESOLVED that this Convention respectfully ask 
the immediate pardon of Angelina Napolitano, and the restor- 
ation to her of her children, and that a committee be appointed 
by the Official Board to take the necessary steps to co-oper- 
ate with all other bodies desiring to work toward this end. 

Mammoth Cave 

RESOLVED that we sympathize with the effort of the 
Kentucky women to have the Mammoth Cave made a na- 
tional reservation and wish the plan all possible success. 

Peace Statue 

RESOLVED that this Convention co-operate in memo- 
rializing the United States Government to erect a colossal 
statue of Peace at the entrance of the Panama Canal. 

Memorial 

Since our last convention death has taken from our mem- 
bership certain valiant men and women. They were servers 
of the world, standard-bearers in the struggle for human lib- 
erty. We mourn the loss of 



80 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Dr. Emily Blackwell 
Samuel Walter Foss 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson 
Lilian M. Hollister 
William Keith 
Elizabeth Smith Miller 
Eliza Wright Osborne 
Dr. Anice Jeffreys Myers 
Narcissa Owen 
Rosina M. Parnell 
Elizabeth Augusta Russell 
Ellen C. Sargent 

and of others as valiantly-minded as these, who, since our last 
meeting have passed from the earth. 



Thanks 

In closing the forty-third annual convention the National 
American Woman Suffrage Association offers the following 
resolution of thanks : 

RESOLVED that we extend the heartfelt thanks of this 
Convention to the Convention and Publicity League of Louis- 
ville for the use of the De Molay Commandery Hall, to the 
Remington Typewriter Co. for placing their machines at our 
disposal, to the press of Louisville for its reports of our pro- 
ceedings ; to the reporters present at our sessions, whose unfail- 
ing courtesy we sincerely appreciate, to the clergymen who 
have taken part in our exercises, to the officials of the Public 
Library for courtesies and published list of the Woman Suf 
frage literature in a special section of the library, to the local 
committees who have done so much for our comfort and pleas- 
ure, to the ushers and pages who have worked indefatigably, to 
those who furnished the music, to the speakers at the public 
meetings, to the owners of the automobiles so kindly lent to 
the delegates for the ride to Fincastle, to Mrs. Alex. P. 
Humphrey for opening her beautiful home to the convention 
members, to the Woman's Club of Louisville for its delightful 
entertainment, to the Kentucky Equal Rights Association for 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 81 

the gracious spirit of hospitality with which they have re- 
ceived the assembled delegates. 

BERTHA COOVER, 
(Ohio) Chairman. 

Mrs. Clara Laddey (New Jersey). 

Miss Mary Johnston (Virginia). 

Mrs. Antoinette Leach (Indiana). 

Miss Emma Gillette (D. C). 

Miss Alice Henry (Illinois). 

Mrs. Jence Feuquay (Oklahoma). 

Miss Isabel Howland (New York). 

Mrs. Philip Leakin (Connecticut). 

Mrs. Nellie Somerville (Mississippi). 

Mrs. Jeanette French (Rhode Island). 

Dr. Ethel Hurd (Minnesota). 

Miss Eleanor Garrison (Massachusetts). 

Mrs. Fred Rowe (Michigan). 

Mrs. Sarah Clay Bennett (Kentucky). 

Mrs. Norah Perkins Jeanson (Wisconsin). 

Miss Clara L. Hunton (New Hampshire). 

Mrs. M. D. Miles (Iowa). 

Dr. Madge Patton-Stephens (Tennessee). Secretary. 

Resolution Committee. 



REPORT OF THE SIXTH CONGRESS OF THE 

INTERNATIONAL WOMAN SUFFRAGE ALLIANCE, 

STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN, JUNE 11 to 17, 1911. 

Woman Suffragists are sometimes like that man, who 
when traveling through a famous woodland region, com- 
plained that he was unable to see the forest for the trees. We, 
too, need to climb occasionally to some vantage point where 
we can survey our domain as a whole. It is from such an 
overlook as is afforded by the Convention of the International 
Woman Suffrage Alliance that we can best appreciate the 
magnificent stretches of country which already lie behind us, 
and can most plainly see the end of our journey, before us. 

The Congress in Stockholm did indeed show us indica- 



82 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

tions that before long we shall be out of the woods. Twenty- 
nationalities were represented by the women gathered there, 
and we received applications for membership from still other 
societies in process of formation. Much of the inspiration of 
the gathering was due to the very fact that there were pres- 
ent women of every political status, from bond to free. To 
see women, who only a few years ago were on a level with 
ourselves, now full fledged citizens thrilled us all with a 
sense of the attainableness of our goal. Especially was this 
true when there were presented to the conference three 
Finnish Members of Parliament, live, flesh and blood women, 
inhabiting the same world as ourselves. The presence of 
women from coldest Iceland and hottest South Africa, from 
darkest Prussia and enlightened Australia, brought a keen 
realization that the womanhood of the four corners of the 
world is one in aims and hopes. The full importance of this 
world sisterhood was best stated by Miss Shaw, when she 
said, "The International Suffrage Alliance is a greater force 
for world peace than all the Hague Conferences ever held." 

This spirit of unity is to be still further strengthened. 
One of the most clearly expressed sentiments of the Conven- 
tion was the need for closer lines of communications between 
the suffragists of all nations, for the comparison of data, the 
interchange of experience, and the strength of united en- 
deavor. 

From the opening sermon by Dr. Shaw, to the closing 
remarks by Mrs. Catt, the showing made by the United 
States was one over which we may feel justifiable pride. All 
the Alliance is devoted to its able President, Mrs. Catt. All 
the Alliance unites in appreciation of Dr. Shaw. The sug- 
gestions for work, reports of progress, and exhibition of leaf- 
lets and other propaganda material, from America, were credit- 
able in every way. 

The first meeting was the sermon on Sunday in the Gus- 
taf Vasa Church by Miss Shaw. Hundreds besieged the 
church in the vain hope that after the ticket holders were ad- 
mitted there might still be an available inch on which they 
might stand, or perch, or cling. To avoid rousing Lutheran 
prejudice Miss Shaw spoke from the platform, without as- 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 83 

cending into the pulpit, but that did not affect the quality of 
her sermon, which made a profound impression. 

The regular business sessions were held in the Banquet 
Hall of the Grand Hotel. In addition there were four large 
meetings held elsewhere, meant to attract the general public. 
At one of these Selma Lagerlof, the beloved author of Swe- 
den, moved her audience to tears. , 

At another we listened to the stirring President's ad- 
dress, a speech to make the heart throb, so clearly did it 
bring to our ears the footsteps of victory hastening towards 
us. The official representative of the Swedish Government, 
the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who was a conservative and 
hardened anti, was present at that meeting. Those footsteps 
of the future affected him so powerfully that he turned Suf- 
fragist upon the spot, which in itself was no mean victory. 

In my estimation the most significant event of the Con- 
gress was the formation of the International Men's League. 
Men were present as fraternal delegates from the Men's Con- 
gress of five countries. They became so fired with the en- 
thusiasm that they held an organization meeting and reported 
to us that six nations had affiliated into an international 
league. In some amazement we inquired if they did not mean 
to say five, instead of six, when it transpired that one lone 
German man present became so inspired to action that he had 
pledged himself to organize a league in Germany, and had 
affiliated this unborn league with the others. Indeed, the men 
delegates were so enthusiastic that we felt that some of them 
were in danger of neglecting their homes to go gadding around 
to Suffrage meetings. The movement was also started for 
men's leagues in Sweden and Denmark, and in two days the 
Swedish league had enrolled forty members, including some 
of the most distinguished men in the country. 

As to the social side of the Congress, it is impossible to 
describe the overflowing hospitality which greeted us on 
every side. Publicly and privately we were welcomed like 
homecoming wanderers. The Government made an appro- 
priation for our entertainment, provided us with guide books 
of the city, and, — delicate courtesy, — flew from the flagstaffs 
along the magnificent quay the flags of all our homelands. 



84 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

The thoughtfulness of our hostesses in arranging for our com- 
fort, the prodigality of entertainment and instruction offered 
us were beyond words, and would easily have filled weeks of 
time. I cannot here speak of the two memorable banquets 
we enjoyed, but there is one festivity I must tell of, for its 
significance. One staunch Suffragist, a very old lady confined 
to her house, provided for all the delegates a drive through 
the city. There were several hundred carriages in line, and 
each one decorated with yellow and white pennants. We 
saw and appreciated to the full the magnificent city, "Venice 
of the North," seated on her islands, held in the clean fingers 
of the sea, and surrounded by splendid parks. But more in- 
teresting still was the way in which Stockholm saw us. All 
our route was one ovation of waving handkerchiefs, and 
smiles of greeting and encouragement. That sympathy, ap- 
parently, was not alone the warming of their hospitable hearts 
for these strangers, but a sympathy also for the cause which 
drew these strangers to their city. To the best of my belief 
that was the case. Such a public demonstration shows clearly 
how the holding of convention in any place helps to crystal- 
lize sentiment there. As one Swedish speaker phrased it, 
"The country in which the conference is held feels the benefit, 
just as a large ship going at full speed through the ocean sets 
in motion far distant waters, waters which could not be stirred 
by our own little national boat." It would be the fit reward 
of those splendid Swedish women if such might prove to have 
been the case. All indications point to their speedy enfran- 
chisement. They have the sincerest well-wishes of all who 
were privileged to gather devotion, encouragement, and in- 
spiration at the Stockholm Conference. 

FLORENCE H. LUSCOMB. 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



85 



FINANCIAL REPORT FROM JANUARY FIRST TO JUNE 

FIRST, 1910 



HARRIET TAYLOR UPTON, TREASURER, IN ACCOUNT 

WITH NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

ASSOCIATION 



RECEIPTS 



Alabama 

Logan, Adella Hunt $1.00 

Humes, Mrs. Milton 5.00 

Arkansas 

Wright, Dillie & Maud $1.00 

California 

Bearby, Mary J 1.00 

Baldwin, Isabel A 1.00 

Keene, Mary S 50.00 

Sperry, Mary S 3.00 

Waters, Margaret E 50.00 

Wills, M. Frances 100.00 

Balentine, Katharine Reed 20.00 

Bassett, Theophila E 25.00 

Baker, Dr. Charlotte J 5.00 

Baldwin, Isabel A 1.00 

Bissell, M. Eleanor 10.00 

Burnham, Annie E 5.00 

Chase, Anna E .50 

Canfield, Lepha J 1.00 

Carter, Ella V .50 

Chico, E. S. A 5.00 

College Park P. E. C 3.00 

Deering, Mrs. Frank P 20.00 

Faulkner, Miss A. R 50.00 

Jewett, Fidelia 5.00 

Kirkbride, Eliza B 2.00 

Martin, Miss L. J 5.00 

McLean, Fannie W 2.00 

Sargent, Ellen Clark 2.00 

Sperry, Mary S 1.00 

Sears, Mrs. T. B 2.50 

Sears, Ruth W 2.50 



$6.00 
1.00 



$373.00 



86 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Colorado 

Auxiliary Dues $5.00 

Casper, Nettie Edwards 10.00 

Long, Dr. Margaret 10.00 

Connecticut 

Long Ridge W. S. C $5.00 

Hickox, Mary C 1.00 

Delaware 

Cranston, Martha S $1.00 

Warner, E. P 100 

District of Columbia 

District of Columbia E. S. A. for Theatre $125.00 

District of Columbia E. S. A 50.00 

Crocker, Charlotte H 50.00 

Ezekiel, Rachel Brill 50 

Gardiner, Helen 1.00 

Gillett, Emma 1.00 

Ham, Abbie L 1.00 

Hillyer, Amy M 1.00 

Hifton, Harriette J 5.00 

Kelton, Anna C 10.00 

La Fetra, Dr. Geo 1.00 

Mills, Hannah Cassel 50.00 

Owen, Narcissa 10.00 

Swift, Miss 1.00 

White, Nettie Lovisa 5.00 

Abbott, Hattie E 1.00 

Devine, Virginia 5.00 

Endicott, Elizabeth A 2.00 

Ham, Abbie L 5.00 

Hifton, Harriette J 5.00 

LaFollette, Mrs. Robt. M 5.00 

Parke, C. E 1.00 

Pomeroy, Ruth E 5.00 

Smith, Florence E 2.00 

Solberg, Adelaide 5.00 

Florida 

Dickinson, Melissa $5.00 

Gore, Mrs. C. Groninger 10.00 



25.00 



6.00 



2.00 



$347.50 



15.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 87 

Georgia 

Atlanta Civic Club $2 00 

Koch, Katharine 50 



Illinois 

Butlin, Minerva $50 00 

Elgin Civic Equality League 10.00 

Hall, Alice S 6 00 

Illinois E. S. A 50 00 

Rose, Mrs. M. R 1-00 

Dingee, Martha Parker 5 00 

Edmonds, Mrs. F. A 5 o 

Iowa 

Iowa E. S. A $50 00 

McCarron, Sarah T 4 Oo 

2.00 



Brown, Leah T. 



Gordon, Rev. Eleanor 1 00 

Kentucky 

Auxiliary Dues (1909) $ 5 50 

Bruce Bequest Interest (Oklahoma) 57.00 

Clay, Laura (Oklahoma) 3 00 

Clay, Laura 11 00 

Hast, Emma 2 00 

Kentucky E. R. A 627 o 

Louisiana 

Otis, Mrs. S. M $5300 

Maine 

Bailey, Hannah J $ 50 . o 

Day, Lucy Hobart 1 



Maine, W. S. A. 



50.00 



Bates, Helen N 

Clark, Susan A 50 

Fairfield, Martha W 5 00 

Fuller, Dr. Jennie 90 00 

Greenwood, Isabel W 1 00 

Maryland 

Bates, Octavia Williams $50.00 

Baltimore E. S. L 50 .oo 

Duvall, Mary E 2 00 



2.50 



127.00 



57.00 



140.20 



$53.00 



198.00 



— 102.00 



88 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Massachusetts 

Auxiliary Dues (1909) $2.50 

Brookline E. S. A 25.00 

Hollingsworth, Amelia G 1.00 

King, Delaware 1.00 

Mead, Lucia Ames 1.00 

McCormick, Mrs. Stanley 1.00 

Newell, Gertrude B 1.00 

Page, Mary Hutcheson 1.00 

Page, Anne 5.00 

Whiting, Eliza R 1.00 

Von Arnim Albertina 5.00 

Boston E. S. A. for Good Government 50.00 

Hollingsworth, Amelia G 10.00 

Lyman, Robt. W 3.00 

Newell, Gertrude B 5.00 

Michigan 

Auxiliary Dues (1909) $1.50 

Minnesota 

Auxiliary Dues (1909) $7.00 

Bright, Emily H 5.00 

Bright, Katharine 5.00 

Farnsworth, Eva O .' 1-00 

Schain, Josephine 5.00 

Stockwell, Maud C 10.00 

Williams, Essie M 1.00 



112.50 



$1.50 



34.00 



Missouri 
Richardson, Florence Wyman $1.00 

Montana 
Dann, Mrs. P. A 5.00 

Nebraska 
Auxiliary dues (1909) 10.80 

New Hampshire 
White, Armenia S 50.00 

New Jersey 

Hill, Nellie S. Smith 50.00 

Wright, Phebe C 20.00 

70.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 89 

New York 

Bates, Miss R $1.00 

Belmont, Alva E. (for Press Department) 865.68 

Brown, Mrs. Raymond 1.00 

Catt, Carrie Chapman 20.00 

Clark, Hannah B 25.00 

Carpenter, Mrs. Herbert S 50.00 

Chautauqua County W. S. A 10.00 

Co-operative Service League 10.00 

Crossett, Ella Hawley 1.00 

Dorman, Leta H 1.00 

Dunning, Effa C 11.00 

French, Blanche Culbertson 50.00 

Geneva P. E. C 10.00 

Greenleaf, Jean Brooks 5.00 

Griffiths, Anna B 1.00 

Gibson, Mrs. Henry S 1.00 

Howland, Emily 400.00 

Howard, Harold Shafter 1.00 

Kemeys, Mrs. Walter Schuyler (through Anne 

Fitzhugh Miller) 200.00 

Knowles, Mrs. R. G 1.00 

Lovejoy, Owen R 1.00 

Lovejoy, Evelyn Campbell 1.00 

Mackay, Katharine 100.00 

Martin, Mrs. A. W 1.00 

Mercy, Dr. Anna 1.00 

Mills, Harriet May 1.00 

McFarland, Lillian Forbes 1.00 

Munro, Sarah D 30.00 

Owens, Helen Brewster 2.00 

Putnam, Caroline 5.00 

Raynsford, Georgia F 5.00 

Rishpan, Bertha 1.00 

Townsend, Marcia Allen 51.00 

Westfield W. S. S 5.00 

Willard, Mary B 1.00 

William Lloyd Garrison E. R. A 10.00 

Williams, Alice 5.00 

Curtis, Elizabeth Burrell 6.00 

E. S. L. of the City of New York 20.00 

Foote, Mary E. Bond 25.00 

Gannett, Mary T. L 5.00 

Gannett, W. C 1.00 

Gleason, Dr. Kate 50.00 

Howland, Emily 100.00 

Howland, Isabel 10.00 



90 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Lewis, Agnes B 25.00 

Miller, Elizabeth Smith 25.00 

Putnam, Caroline 5.00 

Roe, Gilbert E 200.00 

Sweet, Emma B 5.00 

Taylor, Rebecca N 5.00 

Titus, Emily N 5.00 

Woman Suffrage Study Club, New York 27.79 

Ohio 

Shoemaker, Ella O $5.00 

Toledo W. S. A 10.00 

Upton, Harriet Taylor . .- 35.00 

Warren P. E. C 10.00 

Pennsylvania 

Adams, Lida Stokes $6.00 

Atkinson, Gertrude 1.00 

Bradford P. E. C 10.00 

Bakewell, Mary E 5.00 

Campbell, Jane 5.00 

Costelloe, Ray 10.00 

Jones, Dr. Eleanor C 5.00 

Lowry, Elizabeth 5.00 

Woodnutt, Margaret D 1.00 

Barrett, Mrs. C. S 1.00 

Burnham, Anna L 10.00 

Concord Suffrage League 2.00 

Dulles, Julia M. P 10.00 

Easton P. E. C 2.00 

Hadley, Alice P 25.00 

Katen, Mrs. S. J 1.35 

Kunkel, Elizabeth Crain 10.00 

Lansdowne, E. S. L 5.00 

Lewis, Charlotte S 20.00 

Lewis, Mrs. Lawrence, Jr 5.00 

Lippincott, Caroline 25.00 

Lippincott, Mary W 25.00 

Longshore, M. Elizabeth 1.00 

Makefield W. C. T. U. A 3.00 

Miller, Mary B 5.00 

Myers, Dr. Jane V 5.00 

Newtown W. S. L 5.00 

Oxford E. S. A 6.50 

Patton, Mary 1.00 

Peirce, Charlotte L 15.00 

Pennock, Edith 1.00 



2,400.47 



60.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 91 

Pennock, Anna C 5.00 

Purton, M. J 50 

Quay, Lettie D 1.00 

Richboro W. C T. U 2.00 

Robinson, Caroline Hadley 1.00 

Rosenberger, J. A 1.00 

Sayers, Mary E 5.00 

Scarlett, Ada M 10.00 

Shaw, Anna H 24.00 

Sellers, Sarah P 25.00 

Stockdale, Elizabeth C 2.00 

Taylor, Elizabeth B 1.00 

Tilney, Robert 3.00 

Thomas, Ellen L 1.00 

Troth, Anna S 1.00 

Van Artsdalen, Rebie 1.00 

Verlenden, Mary S 2.00 

Wrightstown W. C. T. U 5.00 

Wrightstown E. S. A 1.00 

A friend 1.00 



Rhode Island 

Daughters of the Heather $2.00 

French, Jeanette S 1.00 

Pawtucket W. C. T. U 3.00 

A friend 25.00 

Tennessee 

Auxiliary dues $6.00 

Brown, Frances Fort 1.00 



324.35 



31.00 



7.00 



Texas 

Folsom, Ermina T 50.00 

Vermont 
Benedict, Mrs. M. L 5.00 

Virginia 

Brown, Mrs. Frank P $5.00 

Cadot, Mrs. Clarence 1.00 

E. S. L. of Virginia 25.00 

Johnston, Mary 250.00 

Johnston, Coralie 1.00 

Lewis, Mrs. John H 1.00 

Meredith, Mrs. Charles V 5.00 

Valentine, Lila Meade 1.00 

289.00 



92 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Wisconsin 

Bradford, Mary D $5.00 

Barlow, L. J 1.00 

Brayman, Mary 30.00 

Boyles, Hannah D 5.00 

Daniels, Carrie 1.00 

Patchin, Hannah 1.00 

Peabody, Marion G 3.00 

Rhodes, Clara 1.00 

Ross, Mrs. Grant 5.00 

Richland Center W. S. C 25.00 

Young Ladies' P. E. C, Richland Center 10.00 



Friends E. R. A. 

Philanthropic Committee of Baltimore Friends... $10.00 

Thomas Mary Bentley 6.00 

Miscellaneous 

Susan B. Anthony Woman Suffrage Fund $1,104.76 

Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund (refund of salary 

to Mrs. Ezekiel, paid from General Treasury).. 50.00 

Susan B. Anthony booklets 30 

Bruce Fund — Loan for Oklahoma 1,000.00 

Collections in Arizona 151.64 

Collections at Washington Convention 405.47 

Collection at open air meeting, Washington 5.87 

Corresponding Secretary, Frances Squire Potter, 

lecture fees turned in on salary 145.00 

Headquarters supplies, New York sales 858.08 

Headquarters supplies, Warren sales 36.88 

Headquarters supplies, Convention sales 106.55 

Headquarters supplies, Washington Headquarters. 1.60 

Headquarters, telephone tolls returned 7.00 

Histories, sales 135.60 

Histories, express returned 4.50 

Life and Work, sales 85.00 

Life and Work, vol. Ill, proceeds to date, including 

interest 409.73 

Jus Suffragii 1.64 

Minutes 45 

Progress 233.39 

Political Equality Leaflets, New York 244.25 

Political Equality Leaflets, Warren 10.85 

Progress advertising 67.50 

Program advertising 163.00 

Votes for Women Pins 72.20 



87.00 



16.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 93 

Washington Headquarters receipts (room rent, etc.) 139.05 

Friends 4.00 

Carnegie Hall meeting, balance 213.54 

A friend 2.00 

5,659.85 

$10,669.67 

Total Receipts 

Balance from 1909 books — 

General Treasury books $1,471.64 

Returned by Miss Shaw 149.21 

Returned by Miss Peck 30.66 

1,651.51 

$12,321.18 



DISBURSEMENTS 

President 

Clerk hire, January 1 to May 21 $373.50 

Office expenses 50.23 

Typewriters 170.00 

Corresponding Secretary 

Salary, January 1 to May 1 $500.00 

Lecture expenses 79.93 

» —— ~ — - ■" - — 
Treasurer 

Clerk hire, January 1 to June 1 $325.00 

Office expenses, including books and stationery... 86.51 

Office rent, September 1, 1909, to July 1, 1910 100.00 

Headquarters Expense 

Rent to June 1 525.00 

Office salaries to May 21 827.70 

Office expenses 229.51 

Typewriter 100.00 

Headquarters Supplies 

1,000 Anthony portraits $10.00 

Jus Suffragii 66.69 

Expenses, including express, postage, office ex- 
penses, etc 209.01 



$593.73 



579.93 



511.51 



1,682.21 



285.70 



94 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Auxiliary Dues 

Dues to National Council of Women $33.33 

Dues to International Woman Suffrage Alliance... 10.00 



Life and Work 

Express, drayage, etc , $3.38 

Storage on volume III 5.00 

Progress 

Advertising slips $10.00 

Expenses of mailing, etc 110.71 



Oklahoma — 

Salary of organizer (Mrs. Boyer) $400.00 

Expenses of organizer (Mrs. Boyer) 154.90 



43.33 



Committee on Church Work 

Mary E. Craigie, Chairman 18.42 

Literature Committee 

Suffrage a Right $10.00 

Status of Woman 14.00 

Mills' Subjection of Women 4.28 

The Modern City — Addams 90.00 

Mayors of Five States 150.00 

Equal Rights Between the Sexes 2.45 

Why Equal Suffrage Has Been a Success 5.00 

Bowne Leaflets 5.00 

280.73 



Educational Committee 
Freight, drayage, envelopes, postage, etc 20.24 

History 

Storage, one year $48.00 

Express, drayage, etc 21.83 

Insurance 30.00 



99.83 



8.38 



120.71 



Political Equality Leaflets 
Technical Press, 30,000 leaflets 384.00 

Organization 
Arizona — 

Salary of organizer (Miss Gregg) $500.00 

Expenses of organizer (Miss Gregg) 479.04 

Messenger, from hotel to Mr. Beveridge at 

Capitol, on Statehood business 1.25 



980.29 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 95 

Headquarters expenses 461.60 

Special work (contributed by Bruce Fund and 

Miss Clay) 60.00 

Senator Robert L. Owen, for Memorial 148.50 



1,225.00 



South Dakota — 

Salary of organizer (Miss Penfield) $390.00 

Headquarters, for rent 36.00 

Amount pledged at Washington 500.00 

Salary of Mrs. Tinsley 225.00 

Miss Shaw's pledge 24.00 

Miss Shaw, for expenses to mass meeting 30.02 

Soliciting letters and envelopes 15.75 

Cuts for soliciting letters 3.58 

Postage on soliciting letters 51.00 



Press Department 

Ida Husted Harper, April and May salary $363.33 

Caroline I. Reilly, April and May salary 164.66 

Elizabeth J. Hauser, April salary 150.00 

Miss O'Brien, May salary 60.00 

Mrs. Harper, for April and May expenses 89.65 



Convention Expenses 

5,000 calls $9.00 

Advertising slips 7.00 

Credential blanks 2.25 

Ballots 4.50 

Mrs. Avery, for expenses on program 27.01 

Mrs. Ezekiel, for expenses on program 3.98 

10,000 programs and badges 205.75 

Rent of hall 375.00 

Rent of theatre (paid by D. C. E. S. A.) 125.00 

Miss Blackwell, for Seattle expenses 130.00 

May J. Kenney (stenographer) 29.06 

Expenses of officers — 

Miss Shaw $85.23 

Mrs. Avery 59.29 

Mrs. Stewart 84.02 

Mrs. Potter 45.45 

Mrs. Upton 102.75 

Miss Clay 62.20 

Mrs. Kelley 10.00 

448.94 



1,275.35 



827.64 



96 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Expenses of Chairmen — 

Lucy E. Anthony 31.87 

Expenses of Speakers — 

Beatrice Forbes-Robertson $21.50 

Charlotte Perkins Gilman 19.90 

"Dorothy Dix" 3.00 

Grace Strachan 25.75 

Rose Schneiderman 17.15 

Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Robins 101.40 

Alice Paul 9.55 

198.25 

$1,597.61 

Miscellaneous 

Washington Headquarters rent _. $200.00 

Washington Headquarters expenses 108.63 

Petition expenses 274.75 

Petition Parade signs 94.50 

Petition Parade carriages and taxicabs 89.00 

Petition, typewriting 5. 80 

Express on books to Auditor and return 3.13 

Laura Clay, expenses to Official Board meeting.... 43.20 

Mrs. Avery, expenses to Official Board meeting 13.75 

Mrs. Avery, expenses New Castle to Warren 2.70 

Mrs. Ezekiel, for salary, afterward refunded by 

Thomas Garrett Fund 50.00 

Congressional Hearing — 

Mrs. Fitzgerald, expenses 3.65 

Typewriting 20.00 

909.11 



Total disbursements $11,443.72 

Balance — 

Permanent Fund (Sarah 'L. Willis) $500.00 

Susan B. Anthony Gold Pieces 46.00 

Balance in New York account May 1 119.96 

Cash sent to Miss Ashley June 6 211.50 

877.46 

$12,321.18 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 97 

JESSIE ASHLEY, TREASURER, IN ACCOUNT WITH 
NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUF- 
FRAGE ASSOCIATION 
June 1, 1910, to January 1, 1911 

RECEIPTS 

Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund $15,089.24 

Press Bureau Account — 

Donation, Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 3,072.12 

General Treasury Account — 

Donations 2,496.90 

Balance, H. T. Upton $173.46 

Balance, office books 84.20 

Rent, C. E. S. League 200.00 

Advertisements, Washington Convention 35.00 

Sale of badges 63.75 

Sale of doll, Bazaar 2.00 

Sale of multigraph 85.00 

Life memberships 250.00 

Direct memberships 6.00 

Laura Clay, Trustee, Sarah Bruce Legacy, 79.40 

Sale of furniture 25.00 

Campaign Account — 1,003.81 

Donations 2,250.50 

Literature Account — 

Appropriation S. B. Anthony Memorial Fund 1,078.36 

Garrison Church Fund $100.00 

Donation, M. W. Dennett 13.50 

113.50 

Sales 1,290.22 

Auxiliary Dues Account 2,172.42 

Woman's Journal Account — 
Shares stock sold: 

M. L. Taylor, five shares $500.00 

H. L. Luscomb, one share 100.00 

H. D. Stearns, one share 100.00 

E. L. Blackwell, one share 100.00 

800.00 

Appropriation S. B. Anthony Memorial Fund 403.69 

Receipts Boston office 1,579.42 

Interest — 

Guarantee Trust Co. of New York $91.20 

Willis Fund 25.00 

Laura Clay, interest on Coates note, L. S. Bruce 

Legacy 57.00 

173.26 

Total receipts $31,523.44 



98 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

DISBURSEMENTS 

Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund — 

Salary, President $1,875.00 

Salary, Cor. Secretary 1,749.88 

Salary, Treasurer 499.98 

$4,124.86 

Traveling expenses, President 1,000.00 

Appropriation official organ 403.69 

Appropriation, literature 1,078.36 

National College Equal Suffrage League 3,000.00 

Repayment of C. P. Gilman lecture fee 125.00 

Press Bureau Account — 

Salary, I. H. Harper $1,140.00 

Salary, C. I. Reilly (December) 150.00 

1,290.00 

Stenographers $1,035.00 

Water, ice, towels 24.50 

Telephone 60.12 

Clippings service 26.83 

Miscellaneous office expense 209.52 

1,355.97 

General Treasury Account — 

Lucy E. Anthony, Convention $21.08 

H. T. Upton, Secretary 65.00 

Furniture 5.30 

Badges 128.14 

Miscellaneous 82.70 

302.22 

Campaign Account — 

Ida Porter Boyer, Organizer $1,296.15 

Laura Gregg " 949.07 

Perle Penfield " 540.00 

2,785.22 

Headquarters, etc., South Dakota 375.00 

South Dakota: 

Dr. Aylesworth, Organizer $259.98 

Emily Gardner " 225.00 

Mrs. Fairbank 100.00 

584.98 

Oklahoma: 

Mrs. Biggers $267.00 

Kate M. Gordon 200.00 

467.00 

Washington: 

Mrs. Eaton $100.00 

Mrs. Hill 100.00 

200.00 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 99 

Arizona: 

Mrs. Munds 200.00 

Literature Account — 

Printing $1,497.01 

Pamphlets, etc 13.29 

Buttons, pins, etc 181.03 

Express 8.92 

1,700.25 

Woman's Journal Account — 

Rent $175.00 

Printing 701.99 

Mailing 103.67 

Paper 77.52 

Furniture 120.50 

Engraving 25.44 

Light 3.00 

Office expenses 350.00 

Salary, Agnes E. Ryan 625.00 

Salary, Secretary 60.00 

2,242.12 

Headquarters Account — 

Stenographers and clerk $1,708.46 

Rent 225.00 

Telephone 58.64 

Furniture 46.56 

Stamps 60.00 

Steamfitters 25.00 

Miscellaneous 36.32 

2,159.98 

Total disbursements $23,394.65 

Balance 8,128.79 

$31,523.44 



100 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

CALIFORNIA. 

The California Campaign for Equal Suffrage of 1910-11 was, in 
several respects, the most remarkable in the history of the movement. 
Our five political parties had a suffrage plank in their platforms. The 
Legislature was very progressive and included several eloquent and 
powerful advocates of our cause. The California Equal Suffrage 
Association appointed an able Legislative Committee, with Mrs. Lillian 
Harris Coffin as Chairman, and the work at Sacramento was conducted 
in a dignified manner, without criticism or unpleasant incident. 

The Amendment carried by an overwhelming majority, and we 
immediately began in earnest our "Whirlwind Campaign." 

The Legislature voted a special election to be held October 10th, 
at which the twenty-three Amendments were to be submitted to the 
voters. 

We had six months in which to do our work.. 

In a circular letter which outlined the methods adopted by the 
California Equal Suffrage Association, and which was sent out all 
over the State, the President wrote: 

"The eyes of the whole world are upon us, watching with intense 
interest the progress of another struggle for human rights. The 
results of this battle will be far-reaching; bitter disappointment will 
grip millions of hearts if we lose — a sense of joy and uplift will 
radiate around the world if we win. WE ARE GOING TO WIN!" 

This proved a prophecy. 

The situation was very different from that of 1895-96. 

Not only were the suffragists better organized, but as a result 
of the previous campaign in which the National Association largely 
participated, there were earnest suffragists in every kind of associa- 
tion in the State. In the Federated Women's Clubs, the W. C. T. U., 
with a Franchise department in every local, the Socialists, the 
State Grange and the ever-growing Labor Unions. 

It was simply a question of co-operation. 

We determined to make a strenuous effort to get into touch with 
every progressive element in the State. 

Our State Campaign Committee, with headquarters at 243 Pacific 
Building, San Francisco, consisted of Chairmen of the following 
departments of work: Organization of precincts according to As- 
sembly Districts, Finance, Press, Literature and Printing, Lectures, 
Training of Speakers, Advertising Plans, which included posters and 
placing them, Dramatic Entertainments, Stereopticon Talks and Mov- 
ing Pictures. 

In addition to these Committees we had an Advisory Council 
comprised of picked men and women here and there over the State. 

We made no hard and fast rules. We knew that we must adapt 
ourselves to the changing necessities, and seize opportunities as they 
developed. 

During two years preceding the Campaign the State Association 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 101 

had been carrying forward organization work under the able super- 
vision of Mrs. Helen Moore as Chairman, but there still remained 
much to be done. Our territory was large, a portion of it immensely 
difficult. It was conceded that a house-to-house canvass, wherever 
practicable, was of the utmost importance, particularly in the large 

cities. . . 

The suffragists of Southern California, whose work with the 
Legislature was of incalculable value, led by J. H. Braly. President 
of the Los Angeles Political Equality League, assumed the respon- 
sibility of caring for the ten Counties south of the Tehachapi; and 
nobly did they fulfil all expectations and promises. 

We realized that the great interests were arrayed against us. 
Untold money was at the command at our enemies. 

They were schooled in political methods. We had little money 
and less political experience. But we had consecration of purpose, 
and we gave ourselves to the work, North and South, with un- 
bounded enthusiasm. _ 

The Chairman of our Press Committee, Mrs. Mabel Craft Deer- 
inn succeeded in securing a Press Chairman in every county of the 
State This was of inestimable value in the campaign 

Not only were all of the newspapers furnished with suffrage 
material but they were watched so closely that every objection to 
suffrage' was ably answered immediately on its appearance m print 
the final result being the espousal of our cause by many papers that 
had been indifferent or opposed. 

The last three months of the campaign were marked by a won- 
derful increase in enthusiasm. There was scarcely a corner of the 
State unvisited by good speakers, while literature was sent broadcast 
Under the careful supervision of Mrs. Rose French the State As 
Coition issued three million pages of literature, "™'*<™£g 
Women's Equal Suffrage League, and other organizations in the North 
and the Political Equality League of Los Angeles, also published 
thousands of leaflets besides ordering many from the National, espe- 
cially those in foreign languages. Under the tactful management of 
Mrs Rhody Ringrose, fifty thousand Catholic leaflets were distributed 
at the doors of the Catholic Churches. 

The picture slides and stereopticon talks, superintended by Mrs. 
Lucretia Watson Taylor, were very effective, particularly in the out- 
Tying districts. Posters, pennants and benners played a conspicuous 

Part TL th a; C enda P n a ce n at the meetings held in theatres, churches, halls, 
and on the street corners was surprisingly large, and in many in- 
stances splendidly enthusiastic. The attitude of the public generally 
was resoectful and often profoundly sympathetic. 

Our country clubs and county organizations followed closely 
on the plans recommended by the State Association. 

The Women's Christian Temperance Union concentrated on its 



102 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Franchise work, rendering great aid, and all of the suffrage organiza- 
tions, whether affiliated with the State or not, cordially co-operated, 
often holding joint meetings, and manifesting a broad and generous 
spirit. 

Ours was purely an educational campaign, without one shadow 
of partisanship or militant methods. 

The victory in Washington and the manner in which the enfran- 
chised women used their newly acquired power, was a splendid object 
lesson, and contributed much to the success in California. 

The attitude of the press was friendly, several of the great dailies, 
notably the San Francisco Call, the Los Angeles Express, the Sacra- 
mento Bee, and the San Jose Mercury, did us splendid service. The 
pulpit was also very largely with us. We worked hard to make sure 
of these two great instrumentalities for the education of the people. 

Our inland co-workers largely financed their own special lines of 
propaganda. The generous contributions of the National Association, 
and the smaller personal donations through that body amounting 
altogether to about eighteen hundred dollars, and the noble work of 
the National Vice-President, Mrs. Waugh McCulloch, were a large 
factor in our success. 

The Woman Suffrage Party of New York sent us able and charm- 
ing speakers, and among our many good fortunes was the coming 
of the National Educational Association Convention to San Fran- 
cisco, during which several of the officers and members from New 
York, Illinois, Colorado and Washington delighted our hearts and 
added much to the interest of our great meetings. 

Miss Gail Laughlin, of Colorado, was of immense service as a 
speaker and as Chairman of the Election Committee. 

Election day dawned cloudless and beautiful as June, and our 
Assembly District Captains were out in their autos at 5:30 A. M., 
ready to direct the workers at the polls by six o'clock. 

It was an experience which none who participated would will- 
ingly forego. Our alternate despair and hope during election week 
will never be forgotten. The scores of telegrams from every part 
of the country, showed the intense interest felt, and filled our hearts 
with pure joy. 

The reports of County Organizations and Country Clubs are not 
yet received and therefore the expenditures for the campaign cannot 
be accurately estimated, but it is safe to say that the State Associa- 
tion has disbursed about ten thousand dollars, not counting the 
work of our affiliated Clubs in Southern California. Mrs. Mary 
McHenry Keith has contributed nearly three thousand dollars within 
the year; Mrs. Anna K. Bidwell a thousand dollars through our 
State Treasury, besides that done for her own County Organization. 
Mrs. Charles D. Blaney has given generous sums during the two 
past years and particularly during this campaign, while others in an 
equally generous spirit have given from two hundred down to one 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 103 

dollar according to their means; and others again having no gold 
or precious stones, have given what is best of all, themselves, nobly, 
untiringly, out of their love for justice. 

And the small majority by which we won assures the least 
among us that we are all deserving of some share in the glorious 

victory. -. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ELIZABETH LOWE WATSON, 

President. 

HOW THE VOTE WAS WON IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. 

The second State on the Pacific Coast has granted Suffrage to 
its women. Organizations representing fully ten thousand members 
worked month after month in pushing to the utmost corners of the 
sreat State the fight on the Suffrage amendment. From the firs of 
February when the measure finally passed the State Legislature 
until the last hour on October lOth-Election Day-there was no 
cessation of sacrificial work. In San Francisco the Suffragists knew 
that their city had defeated the Suffrage Amendment when it came 
D efore the California voters fifteen years ago and that though condi- 
tions had greatly changed it was very apt to do so again And 
final results showed that San Francisco did give an overwhelming 
majority against Suffrage although it was counteracted by the country 
ZL However, had it not been for the work of the women of the 
North it is probable that the country vote would have been inade- 
quate in saving Suffrage to the women of the State. In the Souther 
part of the State, however, the work from the beginning was under- 
taken with the understanding that everything possible should be 
done to counteract the effect of the San Francisco vote on the final 
result and in Los Angeles the California Political Equality League 
concentrated its attention upon Los Angeles and the country districts 
throughout the State. The Executive Board composed of the f o - 
owing members, Mrs. Seward Simons, President; Mrs. Shelly Tol- 
h™ t Chairman of the Speakers Committee; Mrs. Berthold Baruch, 
of the Meetings Committee; Miss Louise Carr, Literature Commit- 
tee- Mrs Chas. Farwell Edson, Organization Committee, Mrs. Martha 
Nelson McCan, Press Committee; Mrs. John R Haynes, Finance 
and Miss Annie Bock, Secretary, concerned itself from firs t to last 
with effective publicity work. This work was divided into three 
parts: public meetings, the distribution of literature, and the press 

W ° r Miss Louise Carr, of the Literature Committee, had printed 
leaflets and pamphlets that appealed to every type of mind, lhese 
were compiled from national leaflets, from addresses that were made 
by California speakers during the campaign and from statist cs 
not of the dry and uninteresting sort-but from those that bore upon 



104 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the California situation. There were leaflets to the amount of a 
million in round numbers. And every leaflet was printed on yellow 
paper — of the golden shade that stands for the equality of all people. 
Of the national leaflets, with which all Suffragists are familiar, 
the two that were most useful were "Women in the Home" and 
"Do You Know." These were issued and re-issued as the demand 
was persistent throughout the campaign. The statistics in the 
condensation of Mrs. Catt's pamphlet were a surprise even to the 
Suffragists who felt that they were thoroughly familiar with existing 
conditions of Suffrage. In San Francisco the leaflets compiled from 
Father Gleason's notable speech, "Why Wage Earning Women Should 
Vote," by Maud Younger, and Mrs. Alice Park's "California Laws," 
were each in their different field effective in the highest degree. The 
California Political Equality League issued a leaflet based upon actual 
investigation of the conditions in Los Angeles relating to the so-called 
professional "Bad Woman." (Incidentally it has been a surprise to 
know how much weight has been laid upon the potential political in- 
fluence of the outside-of-the-pale woman.) Mrs. McCan, of the Press 
Committee wrote this leaflet called the "Undesirable Woman Voter" 
to place the unquestionable facts of to-day, before the prejudiced and 
socially uneducated. Other pamphlets issued by the league and which 
like the "six best sellers" went into the third and fourth edition were 
three pamphlets by Mrs. Seward Simons, "An Answer to An Anti- 
Suffrage Argument," "Why Women Should Be Given the Privilege 
and Responsibility of the Ballot," and the "Equality of Opportunity." 
Clifford Howard, the eminent writer, who from the beginning of the 
! ampaign gave his entire time to the Los Angeles Suffragists, both 
as a speaker and a writer, furnished one of the best pamphlets of an 
educational nature, in "Why Man Needs Woman's Ballot." Later he 
answered an article written by the foremost spokesman of the 
famous Committee of Fifty, with another effective article, "Why 
Women Should Be Given the Vote." A second answer to the Anti- 
Suffrage article, was that written by Mrs. Margaret Frick, to correct 
the erroneous impression given of the status of California laws in 
regard to women. This pamphlet, which was called "An Answer to 
George Patton's Half Truths and Untruths," was given thorough dis- 
tribution during the last few days of the campaign. Beside the million 
leaflets, which were printed after the first of March, the pamphlets 
amounted to seventy-five thousand. 

"Votes-for- Women" buttons to the number of ninety-three thou- 
sand and thirteen thousand pennants and banners, and thirteen thou- 
sand posters added their quota to the effectiveness of the publicity 
work. Post cards reproduced from the prize poster submitted by 
Julia Bracken Wendt, aided in gaining popularity as well as financial 
return. All of these post cards, leaflets, etc., are on exhibit at the 
convention, including the yellow blotters which were distributed 
throughout all of the office buildings in Los Angeles. This distri- 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 105 

bution was effected through a Committee of Local Distribution under 
Mrs. Turley Talbert. The same committee attended to decorations 
for the mass meetings, large and small. A novelty of the publicity 
work, was the "Votes-for-Women" tea, which was prepared in at- 
tractive cartons by Mrs. R. L. Craig, who is the head of one of the 
largest retail grocery firms in the State. This tea was served at 
a'l of the Suffrage meetings and brought a neat sum to the League. 
It, in fact, proved so popular, that it is to be recommended in other 
campaigns which are to follow. 

One of the most effective means of publicity in our experience 
was that of letters of a personal nature, addressed to members of the 
various professions and vocations. A letter was sent to two thou- 
sand ministers throughout the State asking their co-operation, in 
the Suffrage work, through sermons and the distribution of literature. 
A reply postal was enclosed in the letter and the proportion of 
favorable replies established the fact that the church of the State 
was in favor of the movement. Sixty thousand letters were sent 
through the country districts. It was called at the headquarters, the 
"Farmer" letter, in that its appeal was to the dwellers in the country 
as well as in the city districts. I Enclosed in this letter were leaflets 
and the smaller pamphlets. This letter was printed in Spanish, in 
leaflet form and given wide distribution among the Spanish speaking 
people of the South. Other leaflets in Italian, German, and French 
were given out at the street meetings in the congested districts of 
Los Angeles. Still another letter was sent to the nurses of the State 
who had shown great interest in the movement through their en- 
dorsement at their State convention, which met in the South, in the 
early Summer. A circular letter was sent, in September, to every 
club and organization asking that they give an evening before the 
election to a Suffrage speaker to be supplied by the league. That 
this idea was popular was shown by the demand for speakers for 
October meetings. In this manner Suffrage was presented to every 
class in the community, from the men's clubs in the churches to the 
unions meeting in the Labor Temple, reaching in this manner all 
interests and affiliations. 

As soon as the campaign was inaugurated the importance o? 
getting the endorsement of large bodies of women in order to 
answer the statement that only a small minority of women were 
asking for the ballot, was recognized. A few of these endorsements 
by the women's organizations of the State are the Woman's Parlia- 
ment, of two thousand members; the California Federation of 
Woman's Clubs, representing thirty-five thousand women; Federated 
College Clubs, representing five thousand women; State Nurses' Asso- 
ciation, of eight hundred members; State W. C. T. U., of six thousand 
members; Woman's Organized Labor, representing thirty-six thou- 
sand, and the Los Angeles Teachers' Club of eight hundred members. 
All of these endorsements were secured at conventions held in 



106 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Southern California and the Northern women pursued the same policy. 
These do not include the endorsements made by organizations of 
men, nor those of men and women, nor do they include the clubs 
which were actively working for Suffrage alone. These organiza- 
tions in the South alone exceeded fifty and each of these looked to the 
league for plans, co-operation and financial assistance. Most of the 
Suffrage Campaign Clubs were formed at the instigation of this league. 
The Southern California Suffragists feel that in a large measure the 
success of the campaign was due to the inestimable assistance given 
by the eminent speakers who contributed from their wisdom and 
experience so generously throughout the entire campaign. These 
speakers were thoroughly imbued with the conviction that this move- 
ment was for the interest of men as well as for the benefit of women. 
And their earnestness and enthusiasm aroused the indifferent and 
convinced the prejudiced. Among these speakers were supreme court 
judges, distinguished lawyers, prominent physicians and ministers, 
noted educators and philanthropists, as well as men and women from 
all the different callings and occupations. 

Realizing from the first that newspapers are for the sake of 
printing news and that meetings supply news, the league from the 
beginning held a weekly public meeting at their headquarters in 
Choral Hall, offering a good program. It was the custom to ask 
the speakers to provide early in the week a copy of the address so 
that a satisfactory resume might reach thousands upon thousands of 
newspaper readers, as during the hot weather of the Summer, but a 
few hundred comprised the audiences. During the last two months 
of the campaign meetings were arranged in all the towns of the 
Southern counties where it was possible. When a hall could not be 
obtained meetings were held in the open air and these proved both 
successful and popular. In fact so great was their success that many 
of the speakers for the direct legislation amendments, who were also 
speaking for the Suffrage cause, insisted that their meetings should 
also be out-of-doors. Many persons who would not commit them- 
selves so far as to attend a meeting in a hall would, out of curiosity, 
linger on the outskirts of a crowd to hear what the speakers had to 
say. And many who came to ridicule remained to approve. The 
direct legislation advocates admit that the interest in the constitu- 
tional amendment election, was almost wholly due to the activities 
of women. An illustrative incident comes from one of the smaller 
towns, where an ardent worker for Suffrage arranged a meeting for 
Francis J. Heney, the hero of the San Francisco graft prosecution, 
at a cost of much labor and considerable expense, and when it was 
over she wailed: "That meeting cost me $100 and he spoke ten 
minutes for Suffrage and an hour for the initiative and referendum." 

During the last month of the campaign from fifty to sixty meet- 
ings a week were arranged from the league headquarters. Not only 
were the meetings arranged but speakers were supplied and literature 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 107 

sent for distribution. These did not include meetings arranged by 
local organizations in smaller towns, nor the many street meetings 
which were held by everyone who could command an automobile, 
oftentimes one party of speakers holding half a dozen meetings 
during the evening, speaking wherever an audience congregated. The 
climax of the meetings was held in the largest theatre in Los 
Angeles on the evening of September 30th, when over four thousand 
people listened to the best speakers of the campaign. In addition 
to the four thousand in the auditorium another thousand gathered in 
Choral Hall for an overflow meeting, while many hundreds were 
turned from the doors before half past seven. This meeting was 
conceded to be the largest political demonstration in the history of 
Southern California. 

The most important phase of the publicity work has been left to 
the last— that of the Press Committee. Too great stress cannot be 
laid upon the effect that concentrated, systematic publicity through 
the country and city papers of the State, has upon a campaign 
which like Suffrage, is largely educational. Realizing this, a Press 
Committee of which Mrs. D. C. McCan, well known in newspaper 
circles, was Chairman, was formed of active newspaper women. The 
first of January when the committee was launched, a professional 
newspaper woman, Miss Bess Munn, was made Secretary, and her 
time was devoted exclusively to supplying material to the local press 
and the country newspapers throughout the State. Every possible 
means was resorted to, to create Suffrage news when the campaign 
was practically in its incipiency. Double postals asking individuals 
their opinion on the Suffrage movement were sent first to the mem- 
bers of the Legislature, which had established an enviable record 
through their vote on the Suffrage bill. These answers were printed 
in the local papers and were widely copied. Postals were also sent 
to the four thousand members of the league; also to city, county and 
State officials from San Diego to Siskiyou; to judges, to lawyers, to 
merchants, to bankers, to physicians, and all prominent visitors within 
the gates of the city. 

This material was from time to time printed in the form of in- 
terviews and it is doubtful if any measure employed during the 
campaign had greater weight than this personal testimony. When 
the work among the country newspapers was first undertaken letters 
were sent to club women in every town in the State. These letters 
asked for the co-operation of one or more women in each community 
in securing space for Suffrage material in the local press. In this 
way press agents in each town were secured. These press agents 
by their solicitation established a demand for Suffrage items. At 
the same time that press agents were secured, personal letters were 
sent to all the editors in the State, informing them that, until the 
close of the campaign, a weekly Suffrage letter would be sent to them 
from the headquarters of the league. This letter contained nothing 



108 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

but the shortest, pithiest items of Suffrage activities. There were 
no long, dry arguments, and no suggestion of controversy, but the 
subject was presented as one of vital, and timely interest. Enclosed 
with the letter were the leaflets printed by the league and in many 
instances these were often printed in full. In the beginning not 
more than ten papers printed portions of the newsletter, but before 
two months had elapsed between forty and fifty papers were swung 
into line for the Suffragists. At the close of the campaign more than 
half of the papers of the State regularly used the letter, either as 
news or as a basis for editorial comment. In addition to supplying 
Suffrage news for the California papers, material for articles was 
sent to Eastern magazines and papers. In Los Angeles alone more 
than ten thousand columns were printed on Suffrage. In monetary 
value this amount of space would have cost $100,000. The last week 
before election a cut of the ballot showing the position of the Suffrage 
amendment was sent to a hundred and fifty newspapers of the South. 
A letter accompanied each cut, offering the editor $5, for its publica- 
tion. Many of the papers printed the cut without compensation. 

Commenting on the work of the campaign I would personally 
reiterate the emphasis given in this paper to the press work. I would 
strongly recommend that every State contemplating a campaign em- 
ploy from the outset a competent, experienced newspaper woman. 
No volunteer amateur work will suffice, for this arduous and most 
important phase of campaign publicity. 

The wisdom of this course was proven by our recent experience 
in California where the majorities from the country districts won 
the victory for the women of the State by counteracting the immense 
majority rolled up against the amendment in San Francisco. It was 
proven, by the election's results, that the country residents are most 
satisfactorily reached by the country press. 

The above is a report prepared for the Publicity Conference, by 
Mrs. Seward A. Simons, President of the California Political Equality 
League, Los Angeles, Cal. 

CONNECTICUT. 

The year 1910-11 was a year of rapid growth and great activity 
with the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association. Early in the 
season, letters were sent to all the woman's organizations in the 
State of which the names of President and Secretary could be ascer- 
tained, asking them to make a place on their programme for a presen- 
tation of the case for Woman Suffrage. These included chapters of 
the D. A. R., college clubs and collegiate alumnae, mothers' clubs, 
literary clubs, and philanthropic associations. There were numerous 
sympathetic responses, though the actual results of the letters were 
not great. 

The organized clubs held many public meetings; and parlor meet- 
ings to which women who were indifferent or were opposed to woman 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 



109 



Suffrage were specially invited, were held in Hartford, Greenwich, 
Bridgeport and other cities in the State. 

In August an automobile campaign, through one of the rural 
and mountainous counties of Connecticut was carried out with great 
success. Thirty-one meetings were held, and over a thousand names 
were enrolled as members of the Connecticut Woman Suffrage Asso- 
ciation. As a result of this campaign, fourteen new leagues have 
been formed in this county— leading all the counties in the number of 

leagues. 

In Connecticut the Legislature is in session once in two years. 
The year 1910-11 was a Legislative year, and much patient work 
was put in at the Capitol educating the Representatives and 
Senators. The result of this work was apparent in the generous 
manner in which the Joint Committee of the two Houses conducted 
hearings on a constitutional amendment granting full Suffrage, and a 
bill granting municipal Suffrage to women. The hearings were in 
the Chamber of Assembly and extended over two days. The Com- 
mittees afterwards reported both these measures favorably by unani- 
mous vote. The bill for municipal Suffrage passed the Senate, but 
was defeated in the House. The constitutional amendment was also 
defeated in the House. It was the unanimous opinion of the members 
of the Legislature and of most of the newspapers that the question 
had now entered the stage of serious politics, and could no longer 
be considered as a matter for mild joking. 

At the State Annual Convention of 1909 the membership of the 
Association was reported as being under 400, and the income for 
the year was under two hundred dollars. For 1910-11 the income of 
the Association was $3,966, and the number of enrolled members ex- 
ceeded 5,000. The number of organized clubs and leagues had also 
more than doubled, and much money had been spent and active work 
done by these leagues in addition to the work done by the State 
Association. 

ANNIE G. PORRITT, 

Secretary. 

DELAWARE. 

The Delaware Equal Suffrage Association has very little work 
to report for this year. There have been several efforts made to 
organize an Association in Keny County, but for the want of a 
leader, these efforts have been unsuccessful. 

The people of the State seem interested in the subject, for 
wherever an organization holds a debate on the question, it succeeds 
in drawing a large audience. 

The Newport Equal Suffrage Club has held meetings each month, 
with the exception of July and August; it numbers thirty members, 
and has held one public meeting in the Methodist Church, and one 
public meeting. Each year the Club presents a picture to the Public 



110 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

School; last Christmas it presented a picture of Abraham Lincoln 
and his cabinet signing the Emancipation Proclamation. It also had 
a Norway maple tree planted in front of the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union headquarters. 

With the State President's assistance throughout the State, this 
Club raised thirty dollars for the Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund. 

On November 10th, 1910, the Fourteenth Annual Convention of 
the Equal Suffrage Association of Delaware was held in the Unitarian 
Church, in Wilmington. Reports of our several officers were made, 
and one of the National Convention held in Washington, D. C, by 
Mrs. John A. Cranston, our State President. 

An address on "Higher Education of the Young Women of Dela- 
ware," prepared by Dr. H. H. Hayward of Delaware College, was, 
in his enforced absence, read by Prof. Melville T. Cook, of the same 
institution. 

A fine tribute and "Memorial to Julia Ward Howe" was read by 
Miss Emma Worrell of Wilmington. 

Two valuable addresses were given by Miss Lida Stokes Adams 
of Philadelphia and Mr. Frank Stephens, of the "Arden Colony" near 
Wilmington. 

Our city papers sent their reporters and were anxious for news 
of the Convention. 

Election of officers resulted in the choice of: Mrs. Martha S. 
Cranston, President; Mrs. Adda G. Quigley, Vice-President; Miss 
Mary R. deVou, Corresponding Secretary; Miss Helen Cranston, 
Recording Secretary; Miss Emma Lore, Treasurer; Miss Mary H. A. 
Mather, Miss Alice P. Smyth, Auditors. 

Previous to March, 1910, our Wilmington Equal Suffrage Asso- 
ciation, the largest in the State, and numbering nearly 70 members, 
had held annual and special meetings only. Since that date, when we 
met to consider the raising of funds for South Dakota, we have held 
monthly meetings, with one or two exceptions. 

At the meeting in March, 1910, it was decided to raise a contribu- 
tion for South Dakota, which was subsequently forwarded to the 
proper authorities. 

In response to a letter from the National Corresponding Secre- 
tary, a committee, consisting of Miss Mather, Miss deVou and Miss 
Lore, was appointed to investigate the laws of Delaware as affecting 
the legal status of women in the possession of their property rights 
and of their children. 

The Association has also put itself on record as in sympathy with 
the effort to secure higher education for the young women of Dela- 
ware. 

A paper prepared in 1899 by Mrs. Wm. S. Prickett for the Milford 
New Century Club, was read at one of our meetings, in pursuance of 
the investigation of the "Laws of Delaware" affecting married women, 
and showed that while these laws are more nearly just than in some 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 111 

of our States, "there are still some few marks of the mediaeval fiction 
of inferiority which mar our statute books." 

The codification of our laws, now in process by a committee of the 
Bar Association, will, when complete, make it possible for us to 
ascertain with ease, the exact legal status of women in Delaware, 
hitherto difficult to discover, unless the inquiry were conducted by a 
lawyer. 

A committee from the Equal Suffrage Association of Wilmington 
was also appointed to represent the Association at the hearing in 
behalf of a Juvenile Court before the Wilmington delegation of the 
Legislature on January 27th, 1911. The Court has become a fact. 

The death of former Chief Justice Charles B. Lore, has re- 
moved from among us, one who was a member of the Society 
since its organization in 1897, framed the petition presented that 
year to the State Constitutional Convention, asking that the word 
"male" be stricken from the new Constitution; and who, so long as 
he was able, opened the public sessions of the Association, addressed 
its meetings, and stood unalterably for the political equality of men 
and women before the law. 

A Committee appointed on "School Elections" backed the candi- 
dacy of Dr. Josephine M. R. White de La Cour for member of the 
Board of Education in Wilmington to which women are eligible 
and for members of which they can vote. 

Dr. de La Cour was defeated by a majority of 94 votes out of a 
total in her ward of 729 votes cast. Under the circumstances, we 
thought it a good showing. 

Three women hold office of School Commissioner in Delaware. 

The press is always ready for reports of our meetings, and we 
feel that through the newspapers, we have made inroads on conserva- 
tive sentiment in our little State of Delaware. 

MARY R. DE VOU, 

Recording Secretary. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

The first work for the Equal Suffrage Association of the District 
of Columbia at the close of the last convention was the keeping of 
its pledge to see to the proper indexing of the Reports of the Hear- 
ings of April 19, 1910, before the House of Representatives and the 
Senate. Two members of our Association undertook this labor out- 
side of office hours. Considerable proof reading and about two 
dozen letters were necessary, and over a dozen visits were made to 
the Capitol while the matter was in press. More interviews were 
necessary to secure the printing of additional copies, which were 
unfortunately not requested at the hearings themselves. 

The Suffrage work in Washington partakes of a National as well 
as a local character, all Federal offices being centered here, as also the 
representatives of foreign nations; naturally it is therefore not sur- 



112 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

prising that requests of a National character are received. The 
Swiss minitser was referred to us for information. He said: "There 
is now a movement in Switzerland to give women the right to vote 
in certain affairs," and he requested material on the subject, which 
was very cheerfully supplied. 

In response to the National Corresponding Secretary's "Conven- 
tion Resolution prods" the woman Suffrage question was laid before 
the Bill Posters' Convention, and the National Dentists' Convention. 
While resolutions were not actually adopted by these bodies, the 
question was so well received that those of our members who par- 
ticipated regretted their inability to get before all the conventions 
which come to Washington, the greatest convention centre in the 
country. The Postal Progress League invited our Association to 
be represented at its convention, and to assist in pushing its demand 
for a parcels post. At the hearing before the House Committee on 
Post Offices and Post Roads the question of a parcels post was urged 
by two of our members as a necessity for Suffragists especially, be- 
cause of the exorbitant fees charged by express companies for 
carrying literature, and for women generally who form such an 
enormous purchasing class. 

All these matters were significant and helpful for agitation, be- 
cause the newspapers gave them considerable publicity. 

Our sister Associations throughout the Nation cannot conceive 
of our anomalous situation, because the District of Columbia is an 
absolutely disfranchised community. Fortunately, however, the men 
have been roused to demand the Suffrage, and whenever a meeting 
is held by them favoring a restoration of the vote we always help 
them by adding our demand: "Give the ballot to the women too." 
Our co-operation does not seem very welcome, and we were almost 
frozen out of the men's meeting last Spring; but our effectiveness 
as agitators was proven by the fact that the newspapers, much to 
the disgust of the men, reported their gathering as a "Woman Suf- 
frage" meeting. The District men always politely hand us out the 
same historic old "dope" — "let us get it first, and then we will look 
after the women." But we demand all the time that whenever the 
men get the vote, the women must get it too — at the same time and 
on the same terms. 

We have found a comparatively easy way of raising funds, and 
it might be widely copied, viz.: Women Suffrage Benefit perform- 
ances, such as the play of "The Servant in the House," given in the 
Columbia Theatre during the Summer. Our Association received 
half the proceeds from tickets actually sold by our members. 

Among the many lectures during the year the most successful 
and sensational was Miss Pankhurst's lecture on the morning of 
Washington's Birthday. We distrdibuted announcement cards on 
the streets, in the large apartment houses, and before office hours 
at the doors of some of the Federal departments, including the Post 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 113 

Office and the Treasury. We reached the Labor people by visiting 
the Central Labor Union, and after listening to a five-minute speech 
that body voted unanimously to buy "all the tickets the ladies had 
in hand" — sixty. We were profoundly thankful, but it was discourag- 
ing to find that only four of these were actually used. We feel that 
Suffragists generally must make a special effort to arouse personal 
interest among organized labor men and their families. It is a 
delusion to trust in formal and nominal endorsements of good senti- 
ments, or even mere money, as in this case. The unions themselves 
suffer in lessened effectiveness, in their own movement, from this 
practical indifference to their own pledges and policies. Worse than 
all, we were not permitted to enter the meetings of the women's 
unions, the members of which seemed either too deeply engrossed 
with their social pleasures, or indifferent to anything more serious. 
They seemed to regard us as mere outside philanthropic meddlers — 
would-be condescending "charity snobs." If this were true their 
action would be to their credit; but it is unfortunate that we who 
battle for justice alone, and not charity, should meet with such 
infriendly suspicion. But we shall try again. 

The maintenance of headquarters has been continued at 1823 H 
Street and it has been a source of strength under the watchful care 
of Mrs. Rachel Brill Ezekiel, whose prompt and efficient service has 
been beyond praise. I repeat that it is the general hope that the 
National Association may some day come to the National Capital 
with its headquarters. 

HARRIETTE J. HIFTON, 

President. 

GEORGIA. 

The Georgia Woman Suffrage Association cannot report a great 
increase in membership. "The faithful few" are ever ready and willing 
to do all that is possible within their limited means and opportunities. 
We are still hoping that Georgia women will soon see that they are 
handicapped in the race for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness 
because they have not the ballot, the right preservation of all rights. 
An effort was made to address the Alpha Tau Omega when it held its 
annual meeting in Atlanta; also the Undertakers' Association, the two 
college Sororities, the Alpha Delta Phi and Mu, but failed to gain a 
hearing before any of these organizations. Fraternal greetings 
were sent through our President to the Georgia Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union, in which the hope was expressed that this organi- 
zation would adopt the Franchise Department endorsed by the Na- 
tional W. C. T. U. and thus place itself in line with its National and 
nearly all of the State Unions in working for the enfranchisement of 
women. 

Our fraternal greetings were graciously received and the Conven- 
tion ordered them printed in the minutes of this flourishing organiza- 



114 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

tion of women. Letters have been written to Representatives and 
Senators of the United States whenever our National officers have 
reminded us that we should do so. From the majority we have re- 
ceived respectful and prompt replies. The press of Georgia is no 
longer filled with contemptuous and sarcastic allusions to Woman 
Suffrage, and we take that to mean that we are to succeed in our en- 
deavors. Over 6,000 pages of Suffrage literature has been distributed 
in Georgia, and a considerable amount of this has been sent (by 
request) to young people who expect to engage in debates and 
write essays. The Atlanta papers are good to us and publish our 
meeting announcements, reports, and articles in favor of Woman 
Suffrage without charging us anything. The Journal of Labor and 
the Atlanta Journal are especially kind and polite to us along this 
line. Dr. James W. Lee and Dr. Frank Siler, Methodist ministers, 
have openly expressed themselves in their own pulpits as favoring 
the enfranchisement of women. Dr. Len G. Broughton, Baptist, 
and Dr. Ellenwood, Universalist, have also expressed themselves 
fearlessly as favoring equal rights in church and State for women 
who compose more than two-thirds of the church members in 
Georgia. Judge John L. Hopkins, one of our foremost lawyers, who 
had codified the laws of Georgia, has over his own signature in 
the Atlanta Constitution proclaimed himself a believer in granting 
equal rights to women. Hon. Claude Payton, representative from 
Worth County is a firm believer in the right and expediency of Woman 
Suffrage in Georgia and proved it when he introduced a bill to give 
Georgia women equal political rights with men in 1908, He was left 
at home for two years but returned in 1911. On July 21st, 1911, he 
introduced the same bill, but like its predecessor it was killed as dead 
as Hector in the Committee room where so many excellent reform 
measures meet an untimely death. But Mr. Payton is endued with 
an immense amount of "stickability" and will again try to have a 
Constitutional amendment referred to the people. The Victory won 
in California has added new courage and hopefulness to the Suffragists 
and to those men who sympathize with them in their efforts to be 
considered the equals before the law with their fathers, brothers, 
husbands and sons and the slaves they once owned. Mr. Payton 
was also an eloquent champion of the bill to allow women to practice 
law in Georgia. This bill was introduced the first day of the last 
session by the Speaker, Mr. Holder, but this measure was also killed 
in spite of the earnest efforts and hard work of the enlightened and 
progressive element among our Georgia law makers. 

Last Summer, the women of Union Point, under the leadership 
of Mrs. Jennie Hunt Sibley, asked that a clause be inserted in the 
new Union Point Charter giving the widows of the town the 
right to vote on all municipal questions. As usual, the women lost, 
and are realizing that we should have women in the legislature to look 
after the interests of widows and orphans. Mrs. J. H. Sibley is our 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 115 

State Superintendent of Legislation and petition work, and has suc- 
ceeded in getting several bills introduced by Mr. Merritt of Greene 
County. But they were suppressed in the Committee rooms. We de- 
cided to hold an all-day Convention on August 8th, and to ask for 
the Hall of the House of Representatives for the evening session. 
This same hall had been refused to the National Women's Suffrage 
Association in 1895 by Governor W. G. Atkinson on the plea that 
it would be "unconstitutional" for him to let women hold a meeting 
in the State's house. Since that time we have always had it whenever 
we asked for it. Hon. Walter McElreath, one of the representatives 
from Fulton, offered a resolution that the hall should be given the 
Georgia Woman Suffrage Association for the evening of August 8th. 
Joe Hill Hall, of Bibb County, marshalled his forces and out-voted 
the men who were willing for the women to use the hall that 
evening. Joe Hill Hall is the man who proudly and unblushingly pro- 
claims the fact that he drinks one quart of whiskey before retiring as 
he is affected with the gout, and keeps it on hand to give to his pro- 
hibition neighbors. He is a law maker and yet fearlessly, on the floor 
of the House of Representatives declares he violates the State-wide 
Prohibition law which he fought with might and main in 1907, and is 
now doing everything in his power to have it repealed. We were not 
surprised at the action of the legion leaders, for everybody knows 
that men in favor of legalizing the liquor traffic are always opposed 
to the enfranchisement of women. They are instructed by their bosses 
to "fight women suffrage wherever you find it. When women vote 
we must go out of business." Our speakers were to be Hon. Claude 
Payton, Hon. A. S. Merrett and six students of the Boy's High 
School of Atlanta, the boy who made the best speech to be presented 
a beautiful gold medal by the Suffrage Association. The Federation 
of Trades tendered the use of their hall, and we held our State Con- 
vention, celebrated our twenty-first birthday, elected our officers and 
passed red-hot resolutions, scoring the legislature for not passing the 
women's lawyer bill and for treating disfranchised women citizens dis- 
courteously just because they had the brief authority which they 
abused. Mr. McElreath promised all the organizations of women that 
he would introduce a bill to raise the age of consent in Georgia from 
ten to sixteen years. He absolutely refused to consider our proposi- 
tion to ask for eighteen years. He ended by failing to do anything 
whatever about this very necessary piece of legislation in the interests 
of women and girls, and furnished another illustration of the fact that 
we need women in our legislature to take care of our interests. 

Last June, when it was proposed to revise the Charter of Atlanta, 
a committee from the Atlanta Civic League, the Suffrage organization 
of that city, went before the Charter Revision Committee and asked 
that the women of Atlanta be given Municipal Suffrage under the re- 
vised Charter. At a later meeting of our City Fathers the petition of 
the women was brought up for consideration and was treated with 



116 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

ridicule and contempt, although the women of Atlanta pay taxes on 
something like $20,000,000 worth of real estate. The Atlanta Civic 
League has done splendid work in securing for hundreds of tired 
workers in the large dry goods houses a half holiday on Saturday 
during two Summer months. 

The League is now at work to have the questionable resorts 
in the centre of the city closed up. Many young girls are unsus- 
pectingly lured to these dives of vice, especially from out of town, as 
these resorts are generally disguised as small hotels. Some of the 
members of the police force and a number of prominent ministers are 
making investigations and have promised to support the League in its 
warfare against immorality. The half has not been told of the work 
the few women have tried to accomplish because of lack of numbers 
and means, and because women who could help are either apathetic 
or afraid to come out into the open. With Olive Shreiner, the 
Georgia Woman Suffragist exclaims, "All I aspire to be, and was 
not, comforts me," and we feel like going on, until we can join 
the six free States with an emancipated, enfranchised band of 
Georgia women, who, by right of age, being one of the "Original 
Thirteen States," should have led their younger sisters into the prom- 
ised land of freedom. 

MARY I. McLENDON, 

President. 
KATHERINE KOCH, 

Cor. Secretary. 

ILLINOIS. 

Since the last National Convention the Illinois Equal Suffrage As- 
sociation has held open-air meetings in the county seats and the towns 
in eighty-nine of the one hundred and two counties of the State. 

These tours affected, favorably, the character of the Legislature, 
and awakened great interest in suffrage work. Thousands of names 
were added to our enrollment. 

The organization of clubs was continued with success by Miss 
Harriett Grim, Miss Perle Penfield and Dr. B. O. Aylesworth. Twenty 
new clubs resulted. 

In Cook County organization without dues by political districts 
was in charge of Miss Mary Miller, the constitution of the State As- 
sociation being changed to admit one delegate for every twenty-five 
enrolled group in any political district, on the payment of two dollars. 
Organization is rapidly proceeding according to this plan. One club 
in Evanston added thirteen hundred names to its lists by this method. 

A very effective lobby was maintained at Springfield during the 
entire session of the Legislature. Our bill passed the Senate by a large 
majority, and failed in the House by only a few votes. Brilliant 
hearings were conducted and a special train was run from Chicago with 
speaking from the rear platform at the principal places en route. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 117 

Several new Illinois suffrage leaflets were published, and more 
literature distributed than ever before. The Press Work, Lecture 
Bureau, Work with Religious Organizations, Publicity and other de- 
partments were most vigorously pushed. 

Illinois headquarters have not only proved most valuable for Il- 
linois workers, but have become in a measure sub-national head- 
quarters, the workers from the Middle and Western States applying 
frequently for suggestions and for supplies. The Treasurer's books 
show that fifty-five hundred dollars, above the amount received for 
dues, passed through her hands during the past year. This is a good 
proof of increased suffrage interest and activity in Illinois. 

ELLA S. STEWART, 

President. 

IOWA. 

Increase in membership, nine. 

Kind of work carried on, largely writing letters and sending out 
literature. 

The most successful method used, my judgment is it would be 
district organization; have not tried it as yet. 

Money raised, $700. 

Iowa Legislature met last Winter; we had one paid worker all the 
time, and part of the time two, any many helping all they could. Miss 
Pankhurst spoke before a joint session of House and Senate, and was 
accorded great courtesy. Our bill was lost by three votes in the 
House, and six in the Senate. 

RUBY J. ECKERSON. 



INDIANA. 

The Indiana Equal Suffrage Association in coming to the National 
Suffrage Convention for the first time, does not come with a large 
delegation, but it does come with loyal hearts filled with earnest 
purpose. 

Our work in Indiana has been largely seed sowing, and every- 
where the scattered seed has been germinating, hundreds of letters 
have brought us the assurance of hosts of suffragists all over the 
State. But limited means has handicapped us and interfered with 
extensive organization. 

Considerable literature has been distributed. A number of 
women's clubs, high school students, debating societies, and others 
have asked for and received suffrage literature. 

The publication of a twelve-page monthly called the "Woman 
Citizen," was commenced in August of this year. It is devoted to 
the cause of full suffrage for women, but its columns are open and 
free to every branch of the suffrage movement. The editor, Mrs. 



118 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Antoinette D. Leach, of Sullivan, Ind., is contributing all of her 
time to suffrage work. 

We presented to the general assembly last Winter a bill to amend 
the constitution by striking out the word male, giving to all citizens 
of our State the right to vote regardless of sex. \Mrs. Leach, author 
of the bill, the officers of the Suffrage Association, and many friends, 
zealously watched the bill in its progress. ^TTpassed the committee 
by a unanimous vote, passed the second reading before the House 
without amendment, but when brought forward for the third reading 
it was laid on the table, because as the Hon. Speaker stated, "There 
is no time to consider such foolish questions." 

A bill for Municipal Suffrage introduced by the Franchise League 
met with the same treatment. 

Responding to the invitation of the Municipal League of Indiana 
we provided suffrage speeches for this annual meeting. This gave 
us an audience of some four or five hundred prominent men of our 
State. They gave us a courteous welcome and kind attention, but the 
same fellow-citizen who foiled us in the Legislature, tried to rob us 
of our time and thus present a discussion of the suffrage question. 
He did crowd us for time, but brought general condemnation on him- 
self. We feel that it is a sign of the growing importance and influence 
of the Suffrage Association when shrewd politicians trouble themselves 
to lay plans to defeat us. 

The political conditions in Indiana are such that the immediate 
concentrated effort of every suffrage force must be brought to bear 
against the situation that threatens us, the success of which will retard 
the progress of suffrage in Indiana for years. 

The central location and radiating influence of this State will have 
much to do with the success or failure in surrounding States, so turn 
the glass our way and study the conditions in Indiana; your neighborly 
interests and assistance will be appreciated in Indiana and will even- 
tually be reciprocated. 

We believe it is our privilege to make life and duty easy for 
those who live with us, and those who come after us. We want to do 
our part in the dear old Hoosier State and if days of discouragement 
sometimes come, and the comrades to whom we have looked for 
cheer seem to forget us, we will earnestly grasp the staff of hope and 
press on. 

"Press on! surmount the rocky steeps, 
Climb boldly o'er the torrent's arch; 

He falls alone who feebly creeps, 
He wins who dares the hero's march." 

ANNA DUNN NOLAND, 

President. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 119 

KENTUCKY. 

The Kentucky Equal Rights Association added 279 to its paid-up 
membership in 1911, though no organizer was put in the field, and the 
labor of the Suffragists in Louisville was chiefly directed to prepara- 
tions for the National Convention, the invitation given by the State 
Association in 1910 to the N. A. W. S. A. to hold its convention there 
in October, 1911, having been accepted. 

A committee representing the State and National Associations ob- 
tained a hearing before the Conference of Governors at its meeting in 
Louisville, December 1, 1910, at which time Miss Laura Clay made an 
address and urged the Governors to give consideration to the subject 
of Woman Suffrage and use their influence to secure favorable action 
upon it from their respective Legislatures. 

One of the great gains in indorsement of Suffrage by influential 
bodies was made when the State Federation of Labor assembled in 
Lexington, January 10, 1911, gave a hearing to representatives of the 
State and County Equal Rights Associations, at which short addresses 
were made by Dean Irene T. Myers, Dean Anna Hamilton, Miss Linda 
Neville, Mrs. W. T. Lafferty, Mrs. Mary C. Cramer, Mrs. Norah B. 
Taylor, Mrs. Mary G. Morton, Mrs. Desha Breckinridge and Miss 
Laura Clay. Major F. C. Learning then introduced a Suffrage resolu- 
tion, which was supported by effective speeches from himself, Messrs. 
Carl Bolander, John Schneider, John B. Gamble, and T. J. Smith, 
delegates in the convention, aruging its adoption, which was done im- 
mediately by a unanimous vote. The resolution was as follows: 

Resolved, That we affirm our allegiance to the American Federa- 
tion of Labor in its repeated declarations in favor of Suffrage for 
women on equal terms with men, as necessary to their economic in- 
dependence in all branches of labor; and we pledge the aid of the 
Legislative Committee of the Federation to work for a State law 
giving women the right of Suffrage. 

The Kentucky State Grange has for years stood for Woman 
Suffrage, and it declared again for this principle in its annual conven- 
tion in 1911. 

The press work has been ably conducted by Mrs. Margaret W. 
Castleman, who has had much success in obtaining space in the Louis- 
ville papers; and in general the press of Kentucky has shown great 
liberality and fairness in discussing our cause, and many of the lead- 
ing journals advocate it editorially. 

Valuable work has been done under our departments of Prize 
Contests for the best argument in favor of Equal Suffrage; church 
work, education, and peace and arbitration. No Legislature was in 
session in 1911. 

We have organized an Equal Rights Lecture Bureau of Kentucky 
Women who will make public addresses on Woman Suffrage and allied 
subjects. We already number among the speakers Mrs. Charles P. 
Weaver and Mrs. Lucy A. Nield, of Louisville; Mrs. A. M. Harrison 



1'iO MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

and Mrs. Desha Breckinridge, of Lexington; Miss Belle H. Bennett 
and Mrs. Mary C. Roark, of Richmond, besides others who are officers 
of the Kentucky Equal Rights Association; and we hope to add to 
this number from time to time. We look upon the formation of this 
bureau, which affords opportunity for our people to hear our cause 
discussed by well-known speakers near at hand, as an important factor 
in our work. 

The Kentucky Equal Rights Association held its annual conven- 
tion immediately after the National Convention, on October 25th. It 
was the unanimous opinion that the National Convention was a mag- 
nificent success, presenting our cause to our people on a grander and 
more impressive scale than we could have done in any other way. 
The impetus given by it and the glorious victories ill Washington and 
California inspired the association with new confidence that the time 
is ripe for it to undertake the initial steps toward an Amendment of 
the Constitution of Kentucky granting full Suffrage to women; and 
the convention voted to go forward on that line with concentrated 
effort. It modernized its own constitution by the adoption of an 
amendment presented by Miss Clay for a rotation in office, limiting 
the time of holding office to two years, and no consecutive term in any 
office; the amendment being retroactive one year, and increasing the 
number of officers from seven to nine, five of whom are to be elected 
on the odd years and four on the even years, which are the Legislative 
years. 

The officers elected for the year remaining of the even-year term 
were: Miss Laura Clay, President; Mrs. John B. Castleman, First Vice- 
President; Mrs. Mary C. Roark, Corresponding Secretary; Mrs. Isa- 
bella H. Shepard. 

Those elected for the odd years or two-year term were: Mrs, 
Mary C. Cramer, Second Vice-President; Mrs. N. S. McLaughlin, 
Third Vice-President; Mrs. Emma M. Roebuck, Recording Secretary; 
Mrs. Lucy A. Nield, Auditor; Mrs. Mary E. Giltner, Member of N. A, 
W. S. A. Executive Committee. Mrs. Mary B. Clay and Mrs. Susan 
Look Avery were elected Honorary Vice-Presidents for life. 

LAURA CLAY, 

President. 
MRS. MARY C. ROARK, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



MAINE. 

The reports of our officers, departments and local clubs give little 
idea of the devotion of the leaders and workers. A large quantity of 
literature has been distributed, the press is liberal and for the most 
part fair. 

We may not report increase in total paid membership, but we 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 121 

have 3,500 names on our enrolled list, with here and there a worker 
added to the ranks. 

We have made modest contributions to the National Treasury, to 
the Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund, and to the California campaign. 

Field Day at Old Orchard, August 28th, was notable for the pres- 
ence of Mrs. Florence Kelley, who delivered the afternoon address. 

Mrs. Ryan, business manager of The Woman's Journal, presented 
the claims of the National organ, and secured subscribers which 
resulted in placing Maine— the following week— second in the list of 
new subscribers. 

Miss Luscomb, a leader in the street meetings in Massachusetts, 
spoke of the International Conference and the work in England. Mrs. 
Thomas spoke of the campaign in California, a portion of which she 

witnessed. 

Mrs. deGrys, accompanied by her little daughter, sang lne 
Battle Hymn of the Republic" and other Suffrage songs. The interest 
in the literature was more marked than in any previous year. 

Our efforts were concentrated upon the Legislative campaign and 
the constitutional amendment conferring the right of Suffrage upon 
women, and Maine this year, true to her motto, led the New England 
States in the vote for Suffrage. 

Following the suggestion of the National Association and the lead 
of other States, we sent a letter to each member of the Legislature 
asking an expression of their attitude toward the question. The 
replies showed more sympathy and contained more promises of sup- 
port than at any time during the last six years. 

In the judiciary committee of ten, four voted in favor and six op- 
posed. In the House of Representatives it was moved to substitute 
the minority report for the majority report, and seventy voted in favor 
and sixty-six opposed. 

The Senate by a vote of fifteen to ten refused to concur with the 

House. 

Hon. Ira Hersey stood for the measure in the House, and Hon. 

Lindley M. Staples in the Senate. 

Of the four in the committee who voted it ought to pass, two 
were Democrats and two Republicans. Of the seventy in the House, 
thirty-eight were Democrats and forty-two Republicans. Ut the ten 
in the Senate, eight were Democrats and two Republicans. 

We may not give the entire credit for this good vote to the 
Democratic party, which this year came to power for the first time 
since the measure was presented to the Legislature, since the vote was 
so equally divided between the two parties it might easily be traced 
to the rising tide of Democracy, and the demand of the plain people 
for their rightful portion of power, a spirit which is applauded in men, 
but in women it is derided and condemned. 

The hearing was of the usual high order. The home speakers 
numbered the President, Mrs. Fernald; Mrs. Pepper, Mrs. Wallace, 



12r2 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Miss Bates, Miss Fairfield, and Hon. Geo. H. Allan. We were greatly- 
aided in presenting the scope and power, and the results of Woman 
Suffrage, by Mrs. Maud Wood Park, Secretary of the Boston Equal 
Suffrage Association for Good Government, and Miss Harriet May 
Mills, President of New York State. 

We are glad to believe that if the resolve has passed which at 
times it almost seemed as if it might, it would have been not a partisan 
political measure, but a social and economic reform. 

The Maine Federation of Women's Clubs in their annual con- 
vention, devoted the evening of October 4 to Woman Suffrage. The 
address by Mrs. Maud Wood Park, of Boston, the gracious introduc- 
tion by the President, Mrs. Flagg, will make the occasion memorable. 

Respectfully submitted, 

FANNIE J. FERNALD, 

President. 

MARYLAND 

Since the National Convention of 1910, our efforts in all lines of 
work have had a determined character, and the results are everywhere 
evident and encouraging. In years of service we are old, but in 
methods we are new, and as to which methods we can look for best 
results, or the most promising for future results, must be a matter of 
conjecture. 

Our annual State Convention was held in Baltimore City No- 
vember 28, 1910. The State President reported a number of meet- 
ings held in the counties and that a number of new friends had been 
enrolled in the State membership. All the County clubs reported 
progress. 

A resolution expressing the love, esteem and appreciation of the 
Suffragists of Maryland for the many years of faithful service ren- 
dered by Emma Maddox Funck, State President, was unanimously 
adopted and ordered to be placed upon the minutes. 

The reports of the Committees, viz., Press, Literature, Woman's 
Journal, and Peace and Arbitration, were inspiring. 

Our daily papers have been generously supplied with original 
articles by the State President and Miss Beveridge. 

The Chairman of Legislative Work, Etta H. Maddox, sent 
memorials to the Democratic and Republican State Conventions, re- 
questing that a Suffrage plank be placed in their respective platforms. 
A bill will be introduced at the coming Legislative session, asking 
for Suffrage for women on the same terms as men. We will also 
have a bill asking for the appointment of women with police power 
for Baltimore City. Miss Edna A. Beveridge, Chairman of this 
work, has secured the endorsements of three-fourths of the clubs in 
the city, and we are very sanguine as to the results of her splendid 
work. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 123 

The Woman Suffrage Club of Baltimore, is as it always has be«o, 
the largest club in the State and the stronghold of the State. Its 
district organization work during the Winter of 1910 and 1911 was 
marked by much expense, hard work and gratifying results. A large 
store in the western section of the city was rented, decorated and 
placarded with banners, flags and Suffrage posters. Meetings were 
held each week and house to house visiting was carried on by volun- 
teer workers. The members of this club have distributed literature 
at the polls and have furnished watchers on election days. Decorated 
wagons and automobiles have passed through our principal streets 
and contributed a conspicuous part in our election day methods. 

Within four months this club held fifteen public meetings. Three 
mass meeting were held in the theatres, and were addressed by 
Sylvia Pankhurst, Dr. John Roach Straton, Rev. Olympia Brown, 
Grace C. Strachan, Emma Smith DeVoe. We have had valuable as- 
sistance from the clergymen of our city. The officers and workers in 
this Association received no compensation for their services, but give 
their time and contribute liberally to its support. In this connection 
we desire to name besides those already mentioned, Mrs. Frances J. 
Woodford, Miss Julia F. Abbott, Mrs. Emma Engelbach, Mrs. Mary 
Badders Holton, Miss Ethel Warfield, Miss Mary E. Ward, Miss 
Rebekah Mitchell, Mrs. Margaret G. Weilepp, Miss Anna Abbott, 
Mrs. Caroline Bullock, Mrs. Josephine E. Smith. 

At last we have reached the stage where opportunities for work 
are limitless, but the necessary machinery (money and self-sacri- 
ficing women) is not sufficient. 

Respectfully submitted, 

EMMA MADDOX FUNCK, 

President. 
ETTA H. MADDOX, 

Corresponding Secretary. 



MARYLAND STATE EQUAL FRANCHISE LEAGUE. 

The State Equal Franchise League of Maryland was formed 
February 13, 1911, with the nucleus of a body of 600 women of the 
Equal Suffrage League, of Baltimore, already connected with the 
N. A. W. S. A., but disbarred from membership in the Maryland 
State Association by action of its State executive. At that time 
the Montgomery County Suffrage Association, the oldest in the State, 
withdrew, and the Talbot County League, already a flourishing and 
active political body, met with the Equal Suffrage League and 
formed the present State body. The following leagues, with a total 
membership of 1,100, now make up the State League: Equal Suffrage 
League of Baltimore, Just Franchise League of Talbot County. 
Woman Suffrage League of Montgomery, Equal Franchise League of 



124 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Emmittsburg, Equal Franchise League of Thurmont, Bryn Mawr 
School Suffrage League, and the Woman Suffrage Club of Frederick. 

From the start, a policy of co-operation on lines of definite or- 
ganization was planned. It was recognized that the greatest mass 
of unorganized labor in the world is women — and the constitution 
was framed to work in sympathy with as many phases of women's 
work as possible. The W. C. T. U., already committed to Suffrage, 
have been sought, and have propmtly responded to our advances, 
and many of their meetings have been addressed and literature dis- 
tributed. The Federation of Women's Clubs, at first very reluctant, 
have become helpful, and almost the first work undertaken was the 
formation of the Woman's Trade Union League in Baltimore. It 
was realized that Suffrage work among working girls was a com- 
plete failure unless their own needs and requirements were reached. 
The State Federation of Labor warmly supported the movement, and 
a flourishing League has been started with propaganda for organiz- 
ing women into branch trade unions. Next to co-operation the 
most important policy was felt to be intensive organization by the 
districting of Congressional districts in the counties and by wards 
in Baltimore. The E. S. L. has six wards actively organized for 
propaganda and educational purposes, and for preparation in political 
work in Baltimore, and the State League is endeavoring to district 
the six counties in which it is already at work. It will be some 
time before the untrained volunteers in new localities learn to be 
active citizens, but this policy will be steadily pursued until Maryland 
is penetrated in every possible locality. The most important subject 
which arouses interest next to Suffrage itself is civics, and as they 
both really rest on the same foundation, we have been able to stimu- 
late public opinion by talking about civics first and then pointing the 
moral to the franchise. In one apathetic old town, Emmittsburg, 
we asked what was the greatest grievance that beset the house- 
keeper. The instant reply was, "Pig pens in back yards!" and with 
this unsavory text the writer formed a Suffrage League on the spot. 

The campaign in the Counties was launched in May, 1911. West 
Arlington, Baltimore County, was canvassed, and parlor meetings 
held. Several devoted women in the town are now organizing a 
local club, which is to become affiliated with the State Equal Fran- 
chise League. 

A period of three weeks was devoted to further organizing work 
in Talbot County. A series of open air meetings was held, and the 
five districts are presided over by a Chairman of Election District, 
under whose direction all propaganda is done, and who keeps in touch 
with the local political situations. Talbot is the best organized 
County in the State, and is our model for future work. This is 
directly due to the untiring zeal of Miss Mary B. Dixon. The Talbot 
League is especially strong in its press activities. For two years all 
newspapers in that section have regularly printed a column of Suffrage 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 125 

material, and a number of original pamphlets have been printed by 
the Committee. 

During the Summer, initiative work was done in Washington, 
Frederick, and Carroll Counties. Believing that much time is wasted 
in impromptu open air meetings, the towns were visited in advance, 
the press and various women's organizations solicited for support, and 
much literature distributed. The result was that the meetings were 
largely attended by the responsible residents of the community, and 
two new clubs formed at Emmittsburg and Thurmont. 

Meetings have been held in Montgomery County this Autumn, 
to strengthen the Montgomery Woman Suffrage League, by in- 
creasing membership, and by appointing district chairmen as in Talbot 
County, and meetings are also planned for Baltimore County. 

Literature and placards are relied on extensively for education, 
and in each town an endeavor is made to get a Suffrage column in the 
local paper. The newest feature is a traveling library. Two small 
boxes, each containing standard Suffrage books, such as Women and 
Economics, What 8.000,000 Women Want, etc., are making the rounds 
of our County towns, and much interest is aroused by them. 

A Legislative Committee has been formed which has addressed a 
letter to every Republican and Democratic candidate to the Legis- 
lature, and has under consideration the terms of a bill for the coming 
Legislature. As there are now four State Leagues, the proposition 
was made that we should confer and agree upon one bill to be 
actively supported by all Suffragists. These conferences are now 
going on, and it is hoped it will be possible to unite. 

In conclusion we send heartiest greetings to the N. A. W. S. A., 
and strongest convictions that in union is strength. 

ELIZABETH KING ENDICOTT, 
President State Franchise League of Maryland. 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Since the last National Convention, the Massachusetts Legislature 
has voted twice on a joint resolution for the submission of a constitu- 
tional amendment granting full Suffrage to women. In 1910 the vote 
in the House stood: Yes, 47; no, 148. In the Senate: Yes, 6; no, 31. 
Each year there was an impressive and very largely attended hearing. 

The Association voted at its annual meeting in 1910 to make its 
chief work for the year the organization of the Woman Suffrage 
Party. Active efforts have been put forth along this line, and con- 
siderable progress made. In addition, a great number of meetings 
have been held, indoors and outdoors. 

An extensive Summer campaign was carried on in Middlesex 
County, our speakers meeting a cordial welcome almost everywhere, 
and a series of meetings was also held at Summer resorts. A 
Speakers' Class has been carried on in Boston; "At Homes" have 



126 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

been held at Headquarters; several great mass meetings have been 
organized, with distinguished speakers, and much literature has been 
distributed. A group of good speakers have been enlisted, who are 
ready to give a Suffrage talk in any church that may be opened to 
them, for their traveling expenses only. 

It has been found useful to concentrate effort for several days 
or a week upon one city, as was first done in Springfield, and has 
since been tried with great success in Fall River during the Cotton 
Centennial. Several new branches have been organizedj^/A new line 
of work which has attracted great attention from the politicians and 
the press has been Miss Margaret Foley's attending the political 
rallies of candidates for the Legislature, and at the close of their 
speeches asking them how they stand on the Suffrage question. She 
secured pledges from many, and won the sympathy of the audience 
in almost every case. Miss Foley and other speakers have also given 
many Suffrage talks outside of factories at the noon hour. While 
the paid membership of the Association has remained almost sta- 
tionary, the enrollment shows a substantial increase, and a great 
growth of public interest and sympathy is visible to all. 

ALICE STONE BLACKWELL, 

President. 

MICHIGAN. 

The Suffragists of Michigan have had a busy and successful year. 
The intense interest aroused by the activities of Suffrage workers 
everywhere, the victory in Washington and the campaign in Cali- 
fornia, afforded a stimulus and gave a new and dignified status to 
the whole woman movement in Michigan. 

The chief work of this Association was the attempt in Legislature 
to pass a bill to submit to the voters an amendment to the Constitu- 
tion which should enfranchise women. The Vice-President of the 
Association, Mrs. Huntley Russell, Chairman of the Legislative 
Committee, gave her entire attention to the session of the Legislature 
in Lansing, assisted by the members of her committee. -Women from 
all over Michigan came to the Capitol to hear the debate on the bill 
in the House on January 31st. Many excellent and eloquent speeches 
were made by the friends of the bill, and one speech by Representa- 
tive Warner, who spoke in opposition, might be used as a Suffrage 
leaflet, so illogical were his so-called arguments. He compared 
womenkind to a glass of wine, saying: "There are three classes of 
women: the four hundred, or club class — these are the foam of the 
wine; the middle class — mothers and wives — the good, pure wine; and 
the tenderloin class. With Woman Suffrage in force, the foam and 
the dregs, as it were, would vote. The greatest and most highly 
respected would not." The vote was a majority one — 55 ayes to 
44 no's — but under the new Constitution a two-thirds vote is required, 
and the bill was defeated. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 127 

Continuous calls for information on the rights of women under 
the new Constitution, which gives women a certain tax-paying fran- 
chise, prompted this Association to issue a hand-book on Michigan 
Laws Relating to Women and Girls. This book, gratuitously pre- 
pared by Harry E. Hunt, counsellor-at-law in Detroit, and passed 
upon by other eminent lawyers, is now on sale and it is expected 
to prove of great interest and advantage to the women of the State. 
Another booklet just issued, which it is hoped will prove of value, 
is one prepared by the President of the Association, entitled "Prog- 
ress of Michigan Women," a brief record of the effort and achieve- 
ments of the women of Michigan in the struggle for equality before 
the law. Much literature has been distributed and no appeal for 
literature is unheeded. A noteworthy fact, just now becoming 
noticed, is that our literature is beginning to be purchased, not 
demanded. 

The year has seen the conclusion of the effort to form a Men's 
State League for Woman Suffrage, which is now officered by promi- 
nent men living in various parts of the State, the President being 
the Hon. Levi L. Barbour, ex-Regent of the State University and 
a life-long advocate of votes for women. The Men's League is 
affiliated with this Association and will doubtless prove of great 
value in the work, particularly in legislative effort. 

The Women's Independent Voters' Association of Detroit, a well- 
known organization, whose object is the enrollment of women in 
city wards for the choice of efficient school inspectors, has become 
auxiliary to this Association. 

The State Organizer, Mrs. Mary L. Doe, has during the year 
formed eight local Suffrage clubs in various towns, these clubs at 
once affiliating with the State Association. 

Since the last report this Association conducted a Suffrage cam- 
paign at the State Fair, where a large tent was decorated with Suf- 
frage pictures, cartoons and banners, and from which a constant 
stream of literature was distributed by eloquent and ardent Suf- 
fragists. 

In Grand Rapids the local club participated in the festivities of 
Old Home Week, joining in the parade with beautiful Suffrage floats 
which evoked much enthusiasm from spectators. The Grand Rapids 
Club had also a Suffrage booth at the Western Michigan State Fair. 
The Detroit local club has enjoyed a large membership increase and 
has also organized classes for the study of government and citizen- 
ship. On July 4th this club and the College Equal Suffrage League 
had an appropriately decorated tent in the midst of an all day patriotic 
celebration in one of the best residential portions of the city, where 
the club members served cooling refreshments and distributed the 
rainbow fliers. A "moonlight" attended by over five hundred persons, 
was held in August by a joint committee of the Detroit Suffrage Club, 



128 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the College Suffrage League, the Men's League and the Women's 
Independent Voters' Association. 

This Association has prepared and sent resolutions of endorse- 
ment of Woman Suffrage to many conventions meeting in various 
parts of the State. Most important of these was the Republican State 
Convention, held in Saginaw in March. A committee of women, 
from this Association, representing five of the largest cities, appeared 
before the Resolutions Committee of the Convention and requested 
that a Woman Suffrage plank be submitted in the resolutions for the 
endorsement of the Convention. The committee was politely 
received, and its request as politely ignored. 

The annual meeting will be held in Kalamazoo November 16th 
and 17th. The chief speaker of the Convention will be Beatrice 
Forbes-Robertson, and the Convention promises to be one of special 
interest and value to the Association. 

CLARA B. ARTHUR, 

CLARA C. HECKEY, President. 

Recording Secretary. 



MINNESOTA. 

The principal interest during the early part of the year was 
centred around the legislative work, as the Legislature, which con- 
venes biennially, was in session. Headquarters were established in 
St. Paul, the capital city and the home of the State President. A 
most comfortable office was set up in the commodious reception room 
of Dr. Edith Fosnes, an earnest Suffarge worker in St. Paul, and 
Mrs. P. T. Eckenbeck was installed as a regular Secretary, and for 
the first time in the history of the Association this secretaryship was 
put on a sound business basis. Mrs. Eckenbeck's incoming to this 
official work was providentially supplied, for no one could have taken 
better care of the details of keeping clippings filed ready for all sorts 
of occasions, sending out literature just where it would do the most 
good, to the Senator who most needed it, and materials for school 
and college debates constantly being demanded. The office was a 
clearing house for all kinds of Suffrage work. 

The Suffrage bill passed into the consideration of the Senate, 
where it received a vote of 30, with 32 against it. The legislative 
work was attempted along different lines this year, being done almost 
entirely by one or two women, instead of by the large number of 
women in the State and Twin Cities working with the Legislature. 
But one single occasion gave the legislators any true idea as to the 
number of women in Minnesota who really cared anything about the 
ballot, and that was on February 15th, the anniversary of Miss Susan 
B. Anthony's birthday, when a great many of the Suffragists of St. 
Paul and Minneapolis presented a memorial for Miss Anthony to the 
Senate, House, and the Governor of Minnesota. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 129 

The Suffragists had one very fine champion in the Senate — Mr. 
Ole Sageng, the only Populist now in the Legislature, a man who 
commands the respect of friend and foe. The conversion of this 
man from a state of placid approval to one of active interest is rather 
illuminating. In the Autumn of 1909 a committee was endeavoring 
to find some Senator who would present the Suffrage Bill, and after 
several discouragements had the pleasure of hearing Mr. Sageng say 
he was in favor of Suffrage, and believed it would come in time and 
in the course of the evolution of the race, but he saw no occasion 
for hurry. One member of the committee responded very impulsively 
that if the men of Minnesota continued to take that complacent view 
of the situation, saying that when women wanted the vote they would 
get it, we would wake up some day and find the Turkish women 
voting before the Minnesotans, as the step Mohammedan women 
had taken just before this date, with the aid and connivance of their 
men, in appearing on the street unveiled, was a much greater stride 
in advance than Suffrage now would be for advanced American 
womanhood. This statement seemed to startle Mr. Sageng, and he 
consented to espouse our cause, with most vigorous earnestness, 
and has done so ever since. But what was our amazement and 
chagrin to learn that at the election of February, 1910, seventy-eight 
Turkish women actually voted, one of them being an Armenian, one 
a Catholic and, seventy-six Mohammedans! 

The Suffrage Clubs in the cities of St. Paul and Minneapolis have 
worked along entirely different lines this year. In the former city 
the club has met regularly and had prominent speakers, both men 
and women, address the club and friends on various topics of interest 
to anyone alive to the importance of civic responsibility and munici- 
pal reforms. These subjects have covered a broad field — "Social 
Purity," "Woman's Stake in the Schools," in "City Government," in 
"New City Charter," in "Juvenile Court Work," and so on. Besides 
these regular meetings, several public meetings, at which appeared 
famous lecturers from afar — as Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Miss 
Sylvia Pankhurst — were held. A very beautiful reception was given 
to the wives of the legislators at the Saint Paul Hotel, and later in 
the Spring a luncheon at the same place, when plans were laid for 
the procuring of a detention home for girls who are under the juris- 
diction of the Juvenile Court. Early in the legislative session a bill 
was introduced by a St. Paul Senator which jeopardized the interests 
of the women of Minnesota, by permitting a husband or wife to sign 
away real property other than the homestead, without the consent of 
the other party. While this seemed equal, giving the same right 
and freedom to each, of course, as economic conditions now are, most 
real estate is actually in the name of the man of a household, even 
when the property represents the economies and sacrifice of both 
husband and wife. This bill was so bitterly denounced and effectively 
exposed by the St. Paul Political Equality Club that it was with- 



130 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

drawn before the committee having it in keeping had a chance to 
vote upon it one way or the other. For this deed the club has been 
praised throughout the length and breadth of Minnesota, wherever 
their decisive action was understood. 

The Suffrage sentiment in Minneapolis is not concentrated in one 
club, but there are several. None of these meet regularly, but con- 
sider they can do better work by simply holding themselves in readi- 
ness for the call when it comes. When the Suffrage Bill was before 
the Senate, an anti petition sprang up, and was signed by a few of 
the social leaders of Minneapolis and many of their followers. The 
Suffragists of the two cities in a few days had a very good-sized 
petition as an antidote, and this had been filled by the endeavors of 
the club members for the most part. 

Another very important work of the Minneapolis Suffragists 
was a series of "Legislative Luncheons" under the auspices of the 
Minneapolis Political Equality Club and the able management of one 
of their members, Mrs. Grace Putnam Pollard. These luncheons 
took place on alternate Saturdays for several months in Midwinter, 
at the West Hotel. All subjects of legislation of particular interest 
to women were ably discussed, and led up gradually and naturally to 
the subject of Suffrage at the last luncheon of the series. Although 
men had very often requested permission to attend, they had to be 
excluded by the limitations of space, until finally they were invited 
to the last one. The number of women in attendance who were not 
Suffragists was very gratifying, as it provided a field for our work 
among the unconverted. Many were made converts by seeing the 
incontrovertible logic of political equality as the remedy for the evils 
disclosed in the course of the meetings. 

One more new work was undertaken and executed with a great 
success, considering the unfavorable weather conditions, and that 
was the installation of a lunch counter at the State Fair, one of the 
big annual events for the people of Minnesota. Men and women 
from town and farm come into the Twin Cities the first week of 
September, to this great exhibition, where all the arts and crafts 
which interest women are displayed, and where all the industries 
which interest business men, manufacturers, farmers, or implement- 
makers, are also studied. Of course, all these people have to eat, 
and we find some of them made that one of their chief occupations. 
So we adopted the slogan of a square lunch deal, and fed the brutes — 
and their wives — and found it a very profitable, if very arduous busi- 
ness. The numbers who generally visit the Fair were greatly deci- 
mated on account of the weather, as rain descended nearly all week, 
but we felt a start had been made, an experience for next year's effort, 
which would be of inestimable value. 

The enrollment plan recommended by the National Association 
last year was adopted by the Minnesota Association with a very 
slight change, which seemed to make it in harmony with the peculiar 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 131 

form of Constitution we suffer from, and as far as the plan has been 
tried it seems to have presented great opportunity for doing propa- 
ganda work. Asking a stranger, or even an acquaintance, whose 
sentiments are unknown, to sign a card showing favor to the cause, 
brings out the sentiment for or against, and serves as a means of 
starting the question. But it is only a beginning wedge in most cases, 
and the medicine has to be applied after the card diagnoses the case. 
Many men and women need a great deal of reassurance as to their 
"joining" something, even after reading the card's statement that 
there is no club back of this signature, no obligations to pay dues, 
or attend meetings, but once convinced of that fact, they are willing 
enough to express themselves in favor of the principle of political 
equality which the mere signing of the card implies. My advice 
concerning the enrollment plan would be to continue it, with sufficient 
leeway to permit future perfection of the plan. 

The administration was very fortunate in having on the Board 
two former Presidents of the Association — Mrs. Maude C. Stockwell, 
of Minneapolis, and Mrs. Julia B. Nelson, of Red Wing. The advice 
and information obtained from these two experienced Suffrage 
workers was often of incalculable value to a Board having many who 
were comparatively new in the administrative line of work. 

EMILY E. DOBBIN, 

President. 

MISSOURI. 

The Missouri Equal Suffrage Association, which has been organ- 
ized during the past year, has for its objects at present the awakening 
of interest in Suffrage, the extension of its membership and the organ- 
ization of clubs throughout the State. 

Only four clubs have been organized as yet, but these four are 
well established and are doing effective work. The eldest of these 
clubs is the Saint Louis Equal Suffrage League, with a membership 
of 265, which is steadily increasing. This League has established 
branch organizations in the different public library centres of the 
city. Each of these branches elects its own officers, has regular 
monthly meetings and conducts work according to its own methods, 
which so far have been entirely on educational lines. Under the 
direction of the President, Mrs. Florence Wyman Richardson, this 
League has brought many prominent public speakers to St. Louis; 
among them were Ethel Arnold, Francis Squire Potter, Hon. and 
Mrs. Philip Snowdon, Lucia Ames Mead, Nathaniel Schmidt, Earl 
Barnes and others, while many of the leading men and women of the 
city have taken part in the monthly meetings, with addresses and 
discussions. 

Various plans for raising funds are now being considered by 
this League, among them the play of "How the Vote was Won," is 



132 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

in preparation, Miss Kate Gordon will be entertained on October 
27th, and Mrs. Pankhurst is engaged to speak on November 3d. 

The Kansas City League, with Mrs. Henry N. Ess, President, 
was organized with seventy-two members, following a lecture by 
Miss Sylvia Pankhurst. This club also had the advantage of hearing 
Miss Laura Gregg several times, and reports activities in the way 
of giving picnics, dinners and other meetings, with Suffrage speakers. 

On September 22d the members of this club were invited to meet 
with the Kansas City Council, when, at the instigation of one of the 
members of the Lower House, a committee was appointed by the 
Council to give a hearing to any who were interested in Municipal 
Suffrage for women. A large delegation availed themselves of the 
opportunity; stirring speeches were made by Dr. Dora Green Wilson, 
Anna Gilday, Helen Osborne, Mrs. Leavens and others, which were 
respectfully listened to by the committee. 

The Webster Groves League, Mrs. Lee Rosborough, President, 
has twenty-five members. 

The Warrensburg League, Miss Laura Runyan, President, reports 
fifty members, and these four clubs, with a temporary club of twelve 
members in Sedalia, completes our number. 

Our State Association is as yet little more than a name; we are 
very new, but that name was honored and brought into notice last 
Spring by having its Vice-President at large, Mrs. B. Morrison- 
Fuller, appointed one of the twelve delegates from the United States 
to the International Convention in Stockholm. 

Last Fall Mrs. Robert Atkinson, the President of the State 
Association, addressed a large audience in the city of Sedalia, at the 
dedication of a Woman's Building which had been erected by the 
State Legislature on the State Fair grounds near that city. Mrs. 
D. W. Kuefler, of the Saint Louis League, spent several days at the 
same Fair, distributing Suffrage literature. 

The Missouri Federation of Women's Clubs gave Mrs. Atkinson 
a place on the program of its last convention, which was held 
in one of the interior cities, and on both these occasions the subject 
of Suffrage was well received, proving that our people are thinking 
of the great woman question. We have many speakers who are 
capable and willing to go through the State and organize clubs, and 
it is only our lack of funds that prevents our sending them. 

This same lack of funds has confined our efforts to educate the 
people of our State to the co-operation which the press and public 
libraries will give. 

Our aim, therefore, is to secure as many papers as possible, to 
use the National Press Bureau reports, and to get the libraries of 
towns and colleges to supply themselves with Suffrage literature. 
This work is in charge of our State Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. 
W. W. Boyd, who has also informed the libraries of the generous 
offer from National Headquarters, to give them the -"History of 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 133 

Woman Suffrage," so that the great store of Suffrage history, Con- 
vention and Congressional hearing speeches, which these volumes 
contain, may be at hand to furnish material for the growing demand 
for school and college debates. 

In St. Louis the Public Library authorities have agreed to make 
a special exhibit of Suffrage literature, much of which they have 
bought at our suggestion, in one of their large show windows on the 
street. List of books especially adapted for debaters' use will be 
placed in the window, and to give it local color, a large picture of 
William T. Harris, former Superintendent of the St. Louis Schools 
and later United States Commissioner of Education, is to be placed 
in the exhibit, with a placard stating his strong testimony to the value 
of Woman Suffrage. 

Owing to our very recent organization, the request of the last 
National Convention, that each State should compile its laws relating 
to women, by answering the fifty questions prepared by the legal 
adviser, was not complied with as early as we should have liked, 
and when we had secured a very full and finely prepared legal com- 
pendium of such laws, with references to statutes and authorities, we 
found Missouri's list of replies to these questions printed in the 
Woman's Journal, supplied from some source unknown to us. 

We are asking the Leagues of the State to celebrate the 22d of 
December as Foremothers' Day. For two centuries this day has been 
set aside in honor of our forefathers, and we now ask that the honor 
be shared by the mothers who endured every trial with our fore- 
fathers, in addition to those peculiar to their sex. 

Material for this day's program is abundant and offers a surprise 
to those who think of our foremothers as "patient Griseldas" of the 
hearthstone, and we hope to make it plain in this retrospect that we 
honor our forefathers no less, while we honor our foremothers more. 

On the Suffrage map that was recently published by the Woman's 
Journal Missouri is found in the centre of black States. This is a 
true showing of our condition, for Missouri women have no voice 
in any measure, either municipal, educational, or political. We Mis- 
souri Suffragists are trying to find a way for brightening the picture 
of States and lighting our own darkness. 

FLORENCE ATKINSON, 

President. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

Since the last National Convention two State Conventions have 
been held. In April, 1910, our great National President came. She 
created an enthusiasm without precedent in this State, and did good 
which cannot be expressed here. This year, April, 1911, Miss Kate 
Gordon spoke for us, adding to the debt of gratitude we owe her. 
We are already planning for the next State Convention in Flora, 
April, 1912. 



134 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Progress is indicated by the following: A more complete set of 
State officers, reliable financial support for necessary expenses, in- 
crease in meetings held. The greatest advance is in the increased 
courage and confidence of our own women and in favorable public 
opinion. The Association is recognized as a factor in upbuilding the 
State. Wide-awake public officials invite our co-operation. By in- 
vitation of Dr. H. L. Sutherland, Health Officer of Bolivar County, 
our State Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. Dell Kelso Mohlenhoff, 
assisted in a series of health institutes covering the entire county. 

As to plans: We try to read the signs of the times and adapt 
plans to conditions. 

1. Civic improvement work is urged upon our members. We 
assist in education, sanitation and philanthropy. In short, our mem- 
bers are advised to set an example of good citizenship by taking 
an interest in public affairs. 

2. Press work always. We are proud of our press work, due 
largely to Mrs. Lily W. Thompson. 

3. Parlor meetings rather than public ones, as suited to our 
present conditions. 

Public meetings, of course, when possible. 

Push enrollment and work for the Woman's Journal. 

Legislative work for this Winter is to ask for an amendment 
making women eligible for office of County Superintendent of Educa- 
tion. We will ask the next Governor to appoint women on Boards 
of State Institutions. If declared not eligible, we will take this to 
the Legislature. 

Our list of enrolled members covers thirty-six places. 

Honorable mention is due Mrs. Augusta Cox, of Columbus; Mrs. 
Fannie Clark, of Okolona; Mrs. Roby, of Sardis; Mrs. Chambers, of 
Ellisville; Mrs. Jimmie A. Lipscomb, of Flora; Mrs. Biggs, of Crystal 
Springs. Many have helped, but these in particular have cheered my 
heart and made rough places smooth. 

Miss Belle Kearney's valuable service is well known, and all 
State officers are helpful and faithful. 

Our. one great need is for money. I hope our friends will soon 
realize this — they have the money, but have not felt the need of 
giving largely. 

The progress of the work elsewhere and mention of it in papers 
does much for us. 

For the future we have hope. Those who believe in truth have 
no right ever to be discouraged. 

NELLIE NUGENT SOMERVILLE, 

President. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 135 

NEBRASKA. 

Nebraska has been keeping up lines of work already begun and 
moving toward new ones, including political district organization 
and open-air meetings. Since the last National Convention we have 
had between three and four months of organization work with 
Dr. B. O. Aylesworth, by whom twenty-four new clubs were formed 
and Men's Leagues started in Omaha and Lincoln. 

An essay contest was held at the Peru State Normal School, 
and a debate between two State University students at the State 
Fair. 

A two days' State Convention, with new delegates, was held in 
March, 1911; Mrs. Ella Seass Stewart, of Chicago, and Dr. B. O. 
Aylesworth speakers. 

Headquarters were kept open at the Epworth Assembly, Lin- 
coln, by the Table Rock Club, with a regular program. 

The new organization in Omaha has been working energetic- 
ally and enlarging its membership. It expects to have Mrs. Emme- 
line Pankhurst to speak on the 17th of October. 

In the town of Kenesaw the women held an election in April 
on the regular election day, after the same manner as the men, but 
having their own booth, judges, clerks, etc., and voting on the same 
issues. A large percentage of the eligible women voted, although 
the day was cold and rainy, and much interest was manifested by 
both women and men. 

On two different occasions in the Fall automobiles filled with 
speakers were ready to start from Lincoln for a tour of neighboring 
towns, when rain prevented. Trial will be made again in the Spring. 

A State Convention will be held in Lincoln on November 21 
and 22, and Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst, of England, will speak in the 
Auditorium on the evening of the 21st. 

INEZ C. PHILBRICK, 
MARY H. WILLIAMS, President. 

Corresponding Secretary. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

One hundred and thirty-five new members have been added 
to the list of membership this year. Clubs have been organized in 
Hudson, Cornish and Plainfield combined, and Portsmouth. 

Through the generosity and co-operation of Miss Martha S. 
Kimball, of Portsmouth, a very taking booth was arranged for 
the Rochester Fair. The booth was decorated in a very novel and 
attractive way, and drew crowds. Miss Martha S. Kimball, Mrs. 
Mary I. Wood, Miss Mary N. Chase and Miss Spencer, of Cam- 
bridge, assisted, besides several ladies in Rochester, Portsmouth and 



136 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Boston. About 10,000 leaflets were given away, hundreds of Suffrage 
buttons and pennants were sold, and many names secured on peti- 
tions to present to the Constitutional Convention. It is felt by the 
workers that the influence of this new line of work will be felt in 
the State. 

At the last Legislature an active and aggressive campaign was 
conducted by the Legislative Committee in behalf of a municipal 
bill. W. F. Whitcher, of Haverhill, introduced the bill early in the 
session. A similar bill was also introduced by George S. Sibley, of 
Manchester, before Mr. Whitcher's bill was introduced. Letters and 
literature were sent all members by various friends throughout the 
State. The bill was referred to the Judiciary Committee. The large 
committee room was packed for the hearing. Mrs. Agnes M. Jenks, 
Rev. John Vannevar, Mrs. Mary I. Wood and Miss Mary N. Chase 
were the speakers. Miss Chase presented a petition of over 1,100 
names, headed by Governor Quinby and his wife and Hon. Clarence 
E. Carr, candidate for Governor in the Democratic Party. The 
committee reported that the bill ought to pass, but it was refused 
a third reading in the House by a vote of 160 to 121. 

Mrs. Agnes M. Jenks, President of the Concord Equal Suffrage 
Association, attended the International Woman Suffrage Confer- 
ence held in Stockholm, Sweden, as alternate delegate. Mrs. Jenks 
and Miss Clara L. Hunton were delegates to the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association held in Louisville, Kentucky, October 
19-26, 1911. 

Resolutions favoring Woman Suffrage have been passed by the 
Free Baptists of New Hampshire, by the Universalists' Conven- 
tion, held in Claremont, and by the State W. C. T. U. 

A resolution presented by Hon. H. H. Metcalf, of Concord, 
was brought before the National Convention of Universalists, held 
in Springfield, Mass., in October. The first vote was 61 to 59, favor- 
able, but it was finally lost after a discussion of some length, by a 
vote of 74 to 65. 

An unusual amount of field work has been done by Miss Chase 
this year. She has spoken at public meetings in Meredith Center, 
Newport, Hooksett, Hudson, Hampton, Raymond, Wolfeboro, Ber- 
lin, Gorham, Whitefield, Rochester, Fitzwilliam and Plainfield. 
Grange meetings open to the public, Pomona Grange, Newington, 
Pittsfield, and Swanzey, field meetings, East Andover and Lebanon, 
East Manchester Grange, open to the public; also at Grange meet- 
ings for grangers only, at Salem Depot, Northumberland, Goffstown, 
Portsmouth, East Jaffrey, Troy and Claremont. Rochester, Derry 
and Epping Granges should have been mentioned. She has spoken 
at parlor meetings at East Rochester, Hudson, Portsmouth and 
Andover. 

She has done personal work in Franklin, Derry, Nashua, Man- 
chester, Newport, Keene, Marlboro and Durham. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 137 

Miss Chase has regularly supplied twenty newspapers with Suf- 
frage items. 

Reports have been received from the Suffrage clubs as follows: 

North Conway — This club held its annual meeting October 20, 
re-electing its officers: President, Mrs. G. F. White; Vice-President, 
Miss Annie Ricker; Secretary and Treasurer, Miss L. G. Allard. 
Plans were also made for afternoon meetings. This club has eight 
members who are heartily interested and hope to enlarge their 
borders during the year. 

Berlin reports much work done all along the lines by Mrs. M. 
E. Corbett. A Suffrage lecture was given in the Universalist Church 
by Miss Chase. This lecture was well advertised by window cards; 
300 "Votes for Women" leaflets were distributed. A Suffrage song, 
written by Mrs. Corbett, was sung at the State W. C. T. U. Con- 
vention at Claremont. Several Suffrage petitions have been circu- 
lated in Berlin the past year. 

The Andover Equal Suffrage Club has twenty-four members. 
It has held six meetings since the last State meeting. December 2 
Miss Chase spoke on "How the Vote was Won in Washington." 
January 9 Mrs. Agnes M. Jenks spoke on "The Three-Sided Woman 
Question." February 2 Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead spoke before the 
Suffrage Association and the Proctor Academy students on "Some 
Grave National Dangers." 

March 3 a benefit was given. An impersonation of "Josiah 
Allen's Wife" was given by Miss Eastman, of Haverhill, with music 
by Miss Rubelle Kimball, of Boston; $6.13 was raised. 

May 5 the W. C. T. U. sent Miss Lillian M. Phelps, of Niagara 
Falls, who spoke on "The Eternal City of Rome." There was music 
by the school choir, and the students were present. A collection of 
$5 was taken for the W. C. T. U. 

October 29 the annual meeting was held, with Mrs. Susan W. 
Ives. After the reports, remarks were made by Mr. J. T. B. Ives on 
"The Suffrage Position in England at Present"; Miss Mary N. 
Chase, "The Summer Campaign in New Hampshire"; Mrs. Lydia 
M. Graves, on "What the Woman on the Farm Can Do." 

Mrs. Susan W. Ives spoke on "The California Success" and 
other States likely to have Suffrage soon. 

The meetings have been held in parlors and in halls. 

The large peace and temperance meetings with Proctor Acad- 
emy students have been particularly helpful. 

Six dollars have been sent the State Association for dues and 
five dollars given to help the State work. 

Franklin — The Franklin Equal Suffrage Club has made good 
for the year 1911. It has more members than the previous year, 
with a good sum in the treasury after paying the State dues for the 
present year. This club has never had a phenomenal growth, but 
has kept the even tenor of its way. Its prosperity is due largely 



138 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

to the visits of our devoted State President, Miss Chase, who never 
fails to enthuse the members to work for the best interests of 
Suffrage. 

Concord — The Concord Equal Suffrage Association for the 
year ending 1911 has held, besides its annual meeting, October 31st, 
its regular monthly meetings, together with several meetings where 
the technical study of the Suffrage situation, both at home and 
abroad, has been taken up. 

The annual meeting was addressed by Mrs. Lillian C. Streeter, 
followed by Rev. Virgil V. Johnson on "Baby Farming." This 
meeting, which was held in the drawing-room of Mrs. Jenks' home, 
was very largely attended, nearly every member of the Association, 
besides others by invitation, being present. 

This Association took active part in legislative work, the 
Rev. Dr. John Vannevar opening the discussion before the Judiciary 
Committee. 

The most interesting public feature of the year was the open 
meeting under the auspices of this Association, held in Memorial 
Hall, on the afternoon of January 20th, at which the Concord 
Woman's Club was the special guest. This meeting attracted a 
large and interested audience of the representative people of Con- 
cord and vicinity, which filled the hall to overflowing. The speakers, 
were Judge Charles R. Corning, Mrs. Winston Churchill and Mrs. 
Agnes M. Jenks. At the close of the meeting tea was served. 

On the evening of March 30th a public lecture was given by 
the charming young English Suffragette, Miss Sylvia Pankhurst. 
Miss Pankhurst's remarks were the sort called illuminating, and 
led to the contrasting of the Suffrage Movement in America with 
its stormy course in British politics. 

The Concord Association was organized December 11th, 1901,. 
with eleven charter members. It now holds the banner place, with 
a list of one hundred and four members. Its outlook is more en- 
couraging than ever before. The strides it is making are best shown 
in the public attitude to it, and we hopefully feel that the day is not 
far distant when all women will realize that the higher duties of 
women will be assisted and not hindered by an intelligent use of 
the ballot. 

Respectfully submitted. 

MARY N. CHASE, 
OLIVE M. KIMBALL, President. 

Secretary. 



NEW JERSEY. 

The New Jersey Woman Suffrage Association sends greetings 
to you all, and is very happy to report decided progress in New 
Jersey since we met together in Washington, D. C. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES ' 139 

We have six new leagues and one affiliated society — the 
Equality League for Self-Supporting Women, comprising 424 mem- 
bers. Most of the older leagues also show an increase in mem- 
bership. 

Our activities are various and quite modern. In the beginning 
of the year we gave our first Suffrage Luncheon, which was largely 
attended. 

The first publications ever issued by the State Association 
were, first, a booklet entitled "A Brief Synopsis of the Laws of the 
State of New Jersey Relating to Women and Children," which sold 
splendidly, so that a second edition of one thousand copies had to be 
printed; second, a Manual, our first printed yearly report. 

We had a table at the State Fair, and distributed a great amount 
of literature. 

Besides well-attended indoor lectures, which supplied our treas- 
ury with a snug little sum, we also held open-air meetings — the 
Woman Suffrage Association of the North Jersey Shore is the result 
of one held at Asbury Park. 

Throughout the State mass meetings were held by our leagues, 
with prominent speakers, and I myself spoke over sixty times for 
our cause. 

Lucy Stone's birthday was celebrated at six places by New 
Jersey women. Of the money raised by these various activities, 
about $225 went to the National Treasury. 

New Jersey has contributed to the campaign fund of every State 
Association. By request, we conformed our standing committees 
to those of the National Association. 

We asked for a hearing before the Governors' Conference at 
Spring Lake, New Jersey. In answering, Governor Wilson wrote 
that he was glad that a hearing was granted to Miss Shaw, but he 
was not present when she spoke so impressively, as Miss Shaw could 
not be present in time. 

Mrs. Van Winkle had an opportunity to present to the Governor 
a memorial in behalf of the Working Women of New Jersey. 

In co-operation with the Equal Franchise Society, we had also 
a hearing before the School Committee of Senator Frelinghuysen. 
As a result, school Suffrage was recommended by this committee, 
but rejected by our legislators. Again, in co-operation with the 
E. F. S., we are making preparations to present the first Woman 
Suffrage Bill to our Legislature, and Senator Gibhard has offered 
to introduce it. Woman Suffrage endorsements have been secured 
of church organizations. Our Chairman on Church Work, Mrs. 
E. T. Bartlett, succeeded in getting twelve statements of New Jer- 
sey clergymen, which are printed in pamphlet form. 

Our Chairmen on Peace and Arbitration, Press, Education, and 
Library worked also successfully. 

A Men's League for Woman Suffrage has been organized at our 



140 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

last Convention in Plainfield, but, what is more, the men are active 
in press work, speech making, and help wherever they can. 

The Political District Organization, which we named "The 
Woman Suffrage Party of New Jersey," has a fair start. We feel 
sure of success in the future. 

Harmony prevails among all the Suffrage societies in New 
Jersey, and in loyal co-operation we are making arrangements in 
Newark for a gigantic meeting in the New Symphony Auditorium, 
seating nineteen hundred people, where Mrs. Pankhurst is to speak. 

This is the largest enterprise ever attempted by the State Asso- 
ciation, and by this we are hoping to awaken for our cause the people 
of New Jersey. 

We are even aspiring to having headquarters established in not 
too far a time. 

The past shows progress, the present is aglow with earnest 
endeavor, and the future is looked forward to with the conviction 
that New Jersey women are nearing their enfranchisement. 

Respectfully submitted. 

CLARA S. LADDEY, 

President. 

NEW YORK. 

A year which begun with the victory in Washington and ended 
with that in California, has been full of significance for the workers 
in New York State. 

While the greater dramas have been enacted outside our borders, 
we, too, have been actors on a stage where there have been no long 
waits. We have grown in numbers, in power and in strength. 

In October, 1910, we reported at our annual Convention a mem- 
bership of 5,252 paid members. In October, 1911, we report 6,474. 
If we continue to increase at this rate we shall soon be able to 
demand justice of legislators, instead of suing on bended knee, as we 
have been forced to do in the past. 

We have continued our legislative work, the developing of the 
school and tax vote, which we already possess to a limited extent; 
the active propaganda in connection with State, county and local fairs, 
organization work with three new organizers, the Literature Com- 
mittee, the publication of our State newspaper each month, and have 
maintained headquarters in New York. We have also added the 
Assembly District work, making it by a vote of the officers a depart- 
ment of our clubs' activities. We have carried on a great campaign 
of open-air meetings in the northern counties. 

Another new form of activity was the bazaar held in New York 
on February 14th, under the management of our able Treasurer, Mrs. 
William M. Ivins. This added over $2,500 to our treasury, though 
the day was a stormy one. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 141 

Our legislative work lasted from January 1st to July 12th. Dur 
ing three of these months we maintained headquarters at Albany, with 
a clerk and with different officers in charge. Here we gave weekly 
receptions, thus reaching many members of the Legislature and their 
wives. We had some member of our Legislative Committee at the 
Capitol almost constantly, and our Chairman had assistants in thirty 
eight counties, who did effective work with their legislators, and kepi, 
her posted, while she in turn informed them of crises or possible 
lines of action at home. 

Our bill, introduced by Senator Stilwell, a leading member of the 
dominant party and one of the Judiciary Committee, had many vicissi- 
tudes. After reposing in the hands of the committee for four months, 
it was reported by a vote of 7 to 2. For the first time since 1905 it 
was printed on the Senate Calendar. There it remained. After eight 
weary weeks of waiting, with trip after trip to Albany, the debate 
came on July 12th, when a motion to advance the bill to third reading 
was lost by 17 to 16.. This was close enough to make us resolve that 
another Winter we shall reverse this, and make it seventeen in favor 
of advancing, to sixteen against. 

The usual hearing was an effective one. It was held on the after- 
noon of February 22d, in the packed Assembly Chamber. The opposi- 
tion presented the weak Richard Barry as its star speaker. We had 
Mr. Creel and Mrs. Reynolds to annihilate him, and Dr. Shaw to settle 
every other opponent. 

The Assembly Judiciary did not report our bill. After 
the body had gone under rules, the introducer, Mr. Spielberg, 
attempted to have the Assembly instruct the Committee on Rules to 
advance the bill. This was lost by a vote of 38 to 90. Some men 
declared they would have voted for the bill itself, but could not 
instruct the Rules Committee, which is contrary to the code of the 
Assembly! 

One of our most active departments has been the State, county 
and local fair work. It is not new, but it has been undertaken with 
a new enthusiasm in many of our counties. We furnished literature 
and buttons free. In a number of the counties open-air meetings 
were held from grandstands, autos or soap boxes. Dr. Shaw spoke 
at the State Fair and at the Dutchess County Fair in Poughkeepsie. 

The Summer campaign of open-air meetings proved that this form 
of work is to be one of the best and most helpful methods of the 
future. During July fourteen counties were traversed by a troupe of 
five, and thirty-three meetings were held. Later an organizer was 
able to form five new clubs, with more to follow. 

Another method of the future which we are urging is the substi- 
tution of training schools for speakers in our clubs, instead of the 
literary programs of the past. 

To make the parades and the open-air meetings successful, we 



142 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

must have more trained speakers. The clubs must give them to us 
and to themselves. 

Our total receipts for the year, from October, 1910, to October, 
1911, were $8,484.04. A small portion of this came from the club 
dues. The rest was secured through the bazaar, sales of literature, 
banners, and through private contributions. 

We have issued our own blanks for the Assembly District work 
and have furnished them to clubs free. Thousands were signed at 
the open-air meetings and at the fairs. We have not yet secured the 
reports from the local clubs as to their totals. This form of work 
has not yet been generally adopted by our clubs. I know of but one 
county outside of Greater New York where thorough work has been 
done. In several others it has been started, but has languished for 
lack of those who would devote time and strength to it. The difficul- 
ties in the sparsely settled districts are hard to meet. They involve 
an expenditure of time and money not at the command of our mem- 
bers, whose Assembly Districts include a large area with scattered 
residents. Men hire canvassers to do their political work in such 
territory. We must do this. Our hope of accomplishment must lie 
in the clubs and in keeping them knit together by strong county and 
State organization, under which the practical political work can best 
be done. 

HARRIET MAY MILLS, 

President. 

OHIO. 

Some one has truly said that the growing good of the world is 
partly dependent on unhistoric acts. While the cause of Woman 
Suffrage has made progress in Ohio in the past year, we cannot point 
to any especially great achievements, but a little gain here and a 
forward move there have placed our forces on higher ground than 
we had previously occupied. 

In November, shortly after our annual State Convention of last 
year, a meeting of our State Executive Committee was held in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. At the close of our executive session we were met by 
a strong and representative committee of Cleveland women in the in- 
terest of furthering the movement there. Practical talks were given 
by Mrs. Pauline Steinem and Miss Elizabeth Hauser on the Woman 
Suffrage Party plan of organization. Temporary officers of Cleveland 
women were chosen, with the ultimate result that an efficient and 
active Woman Suffrage Party organization has been formed in the 
Forest City, the first in the State, which promises to be a most 
valuable factor in our Ohio work. 

Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton planned to bring our cause before 
agricultural communities by writing to the secretaries of the Farm- 
ers' Institutes of the State, asking that a Woman Suffrage speaker 
be placed on their programs. So generous were these responses 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 143 

that most of our State officers, chairmen of committees and other 
helpers were called into requisition to fill these places. The results 
were most gratifying, nearly every institute almost unanimously 
adopting a resolution favoring the granting of full Suffrage to women 
in Ohio's new Constitution. 

For some years the Ohio Woman Suffrage Association has been 
on record as favoring an eight-hour day for laboring women. A 
bill to this effect was introduced into the Legislature last Winter, 
which had the endorsement of the Ohio Federation of Labor and a 
number of women's organizations, including our O. W. S. A. At the 
hearings on this bill before the House and Senate committees our 
State President, Mrs. Steinem, and Corresponding Secretary, Miss 
Coover, appeared as speakers. Letters in behalf of the bill were 
sent to every member of both houses. The bill finally passed with 
some amendments, as a fifty-four hour per week bill, no day to be 
longer than ten hours, a few industries being excepted, which, though 
not all that we had wished, was really a great victory. 

In view of the Constitutional Convention to be held in Ohio this 
coming Winter, much work and agitation has been done and will 
continue to be done in trying to secure edorsements for Woman Suf- 
frage, interviewing candidates, etc. It is earnestly hoped that Ohio 
will do this act of justice to its women citizens in the new Con- 
stitution. 

In various places in the State women have received the nomina- 
tion this Fall for members of Boards of Education, and women are 
everywhere being urged to use the school franchise. 

While many of our workers have spent years in the struggle, 
our number is from time to time being augmented by new and vigor- 
ous helpers, and all are animated with the divine enthusiasm of every 
martyr for freedom: 

"Who fights for justice hath already won, 

He knows but triumph in the work well done." 

BERTHA COOVER, 
Corresponding Secretary. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

The Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Association reports a year 
of unprecedented activity. For the first time in more than a quarter 
of a century a bill for a constitutional amendment enfranchising 
women was presented to the Legislature. The work in connection 
with this effort brought to the front many Suffragists who had not 
before acknowledged their interest in the cause, and revealed the 
existence of Suffrage sentiment far beyond the most sanguine 
expectation. 

The hearing before the Joint Committee of the Judiciary on 
March 14th was a notable event. The Senate Chamber was packed. 



144 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Helen Hoy Greely, Minnie J. Reynolds, Bishop Darlington, and 
Miss Shaw spoke for the bill, and although the audience was evi- 
dently sympathetic, and a high official of the State, who was present, 
declared that the weight of the argument was with our side, the 
committee temporized by referring the bill to the Election Commis- 
sion. This said Commission seems to be seeking light, as it has 
appealed to National Headquarters for "full data to be obtained in 
regard to the progress of Woman Suffrage." 

The great amount of work necessitated by the effort to get this 
bill before the Legislature temporarily interfered with the organiza- 
tion of the Woman Suffrage Party, which our State Association ap- 
proved at its last annual meeting and recommended to its auxiliaries. 
However, we hope to accomplish this organization during the present 
year, and to use it in a more successful effort to have a bill presented 
to the next Legislature. 

Throughout all our work this year we have been gratified by 
the changed attitude of the press, toward the principle for which we 
stand. All the important dailies have given us fair reports of our 
meetings, and occasional editorial comment. Especially has this 
been the case in the street meetings held for this first time this Sum- 
mer in Philadelphia. This is a new kind of work for Pennsylvania, 
and was undertaken with some hesitation; but these meetings, ably 
conducted by Miss Alice Paul, assisted by Mrs. Mary C. Morgan, Re- 
cording Secretary; Miss Caroline Katzenstein, Corresponding Secre- 
tary of the State Association, and others, have proved most effective 
propaganda. At the last of these meetings, held in Independence 
Square, September 30th, speakers from five different platforms simul- 
taneously addressed the people. It is estimated that about two thou- 
sand were present. The speakers included the National President, Dr. 
Anna Shaw, Miss Eleanor Brannan, Miss Alberta Hill, Miss Harriet 
May Mills, Dr. George E. Reed, M ! r. Earl Barnes, Miss Florence 
Sanville, Mrs. William L. Colt, Mrs. Rheta Childe Dorr, Miss Inez 
Milholland, Rev. Arthur Hilton, Miss Jane Campbell, Chairman; 
Mrs. Leonard Averett, Miss Beatrice Brown, Miss Jane Burgess, 
Miss Alice Paul, Mrs. C. H. Robinson. 

The sale of literature and badges and the collections at the meet- 
ing amounted to about $134.00. The expenses of the whole 
campaign were $181.27. The total receipts (including contri- 
butions from interested Suffragists, collections taken at the street 
meetings, etc.) were $298.90. Besides the regular dues and subscrip- 
tions for other special purposes, $1,256.66 has been raised for the sup- 
port of the State Headquarters at 208 Hale Building, Chestnut and 
Juniper Streets, Philadelphia; $556.64 has been contributed for legisla- 
tive work, and the organization of the Woman's Party. There has 
been considerable increase in membership, but it is not possible to 
give accurate data. 

The existence of State Headquarters has proved invaluable in 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 145 

getting our cause before the public, and in making possible more 
effective methods of work. 

ELLEN H. E. PRICE, 

President. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The past year has been the most successful in the history of the 
Rhode Island Woman Suffrage Association, both from the stand- 
point of increase in membership and advance in popular sentiment. 
Against a dense conservatism, unequaled in any other State, we 
have advanced as an organization, which commands the considera- 
tion of the public and the attention of the press. 

At our monthly meetings topics of popular interest bearing upon 
the "common good" have been presented by able advocates, with 
a view to training women to a better comprehension of the problem 
of civic and social life and the duties involved in citizenship. The 
scholastic and persuasive presentation of Suffrage by Prof. H. S. 
Nash made a deep impression upon the community. 

In accordance with a policy adopted by the Rhode Island 
Woman Suffrage Association several years ago, the Legislature was 
petitioned for Presidential Suffrage. A hearing of unusual interest 
was granted, and the press gave generous space to our arguments. 

Perhaps the most significant sign of the advance of sentiment in 
favor of our cause is the fact that the "antis" have organized in our 
State the past year, having become alarmed at our progress. 

ELIZABETH UPHAM YATES, 

President. 

TENNESSEE. 

The past year has been full of duties, and the wonderful change 
of sentiment in favor of Suffrage, but in spite of favorable increase 
of sentiment there has been a falling off in payment of dues. Yet 
there has been an increase of new members since last Convention, 
six or eight paying members, besides some sympathizers. 

We presented a bill in the Legislature asking the change in our 
Constitution to remove the word "male." It was read once by 
Senator White. Educational methods by distribution of literature 
and through the press have been kept up. One lawn party, where 
cream and cake were served, brought in a few dollars, but was more 
successful as bringing our work before the public. The large lawn 
was decorated with Japanese lanterns, the tables with flowers making 
a picture. Our fondest hopes are along lines for securing mem- 
bers. We secured a booth at the Tri-State Fair in Memphis again 
this year, as a rest room, where literature was supplied all who are 
interested, and a guest book for names of visitors. Several hundred 
names were secured, and the interest in Suffrage was great. Names 



146 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

from the three States registered in separate pages for use in the 
State where they live, was the plan adopted this year. Mississippi 
sent literature twice for the booth — literature of its own publishing. 
We also hope for results from the work of the East Tennessee 
workers at the Appalachian Exposition, in Knoxville, again this 
year. The money for different branches of our work to the amount 
of some sixty dollars was raised by dues, lawn party and contribu- 
tions from individuals. 

I have made one trip to Little Rock, Arkansas, in the interest of 
Suffrage, and found a strong sentiment in its favor; also a trip to 
Jackson, Tennessee, brought out the fact of strong sympathy 
there, but a reluctance on the part of most to take the leadership 
in the work. Four trial subscribers to the Woman's Journal were 
sent there. A trip also to Nashville resulted in the formation of a 
live, working club there, and the securing of an alternate delegate to 
the National Convention in Louisville. 

We have not tried the political district work, for lack of some 
one to take charge of it. 

I have taken the first steps to organize a Men's League and 
hope to soon have a few workers in that line. 

We have mailed copies of our last annual printed minutes to 
different parts of the State, hoping thus to attract some to the work. 
The press is still helping us, but want original articles, which we 
have not been able to furnish, for lack of time. We furnish one 
Socialist paper, which carries a woman's page, items of our Suffrage 
work each week. A great need just now is a press superintendent, 
who could give the time required and prepare a personal letter for 
papers each week, or at least once a month, throughout the State. 

We lost a dear friend to our cause the past Summer in the death 
of Mrs. H. C. Myers, of Memphis. Her sympathies were with us, 
and but for her failing health the past few months she would have 
aided us much with her pen. Her paper on Authors' Day at our 
Nineteenth Century Club last Spring was a strong plea for Suffrage. 

MARTHA ALLEN, 

President. 

UTAH. 

The year 1911 has been an unusually busy one for Utah women. 
The State Council of Women, in connection with other women's 
organizations in the State, in all representing fifty thousand women, 
secured the passage of a number of laws affecting women and chil- 
dren, and endorsed several other bills of vital importance to the 
State. Among the bills submitted and successfully passed were 
the nine-hour law for women, child labor law, five improved juvenile 
court laws, carrying with them an increased appropriation for the 
work of the court; prevention of white slave traffic, law for the 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 147 

prevention and spread of venereal diseases, husband desertion bill, 
anti-gambling, anti-cigarette bills. Those bills defeated were the 
Sunday closing law, bill to prevent the sale and manufacture of cigar- 
ettes and the marriage law. 

We have also inspected the laundries of Salt Lake City relative 
to sanitary conditions, and the safeguards employed to protect 
women. All were reported to be in excellent condition, with one 
exception. Steps are being taken to compel this establishment to 
remedy conditions. 

We also held a memorial meeting to commemorate Miss An- 
thony's birthday, at which money was raised for the Susan B. 
Anthony fund. 

During the past month all of the women's organizations of the 
city called a meeting to protest against the prevalence of vice in 
this city, which has increased to an alarming extent as a result of 
the protection given by the administration to the segregated "red 
light" district, commonly known as the "stockade." At this meet- 
ing a resolution was passed "denouncing the continuance of the 
stockade." The next day the mistress of the "stockade" announced 
that she would close the place, throwing about one hundred poor 
unfortunates into the street without money or shelter. The women 
of the city who were not responsible for this action opened head- 
quarters at St. Paul's Episcopal Church and invited these poor girls 
to come there and they would provide them with homes if they 
were willing to give up their mode of life. With the exception of 
three, all refused to do so, and the responsibility of the women ended 
so far as they were concerned. Of the three who accepted the 
offer, two were provided with homes through the aid of Miss Col- 
bourne, principal of Rowland Hall and Chairman of the "Big Sisters" 
organization. The third, whose story, on investigation, was found 
to be true, will be be sent home to her sister and brother in a distant 
city. Meanwhile, the committees appointed have planned a mass 
meeting, to be held in the Salt Lake Theatre October 15, to report 
conditions as found by the Investigating Committee. Timely sub- 
jects will be discussed by a local speaker, and Mr. Frank B. Smith was 
recommended by the Welfare League of Seattle, which city has re- 
cently succeeded in effecting a municipal house-cleaning by means 
of the recall. 

Salt Lake is now on the eve of election for the first time under 
the commission form of government. Unfortunately, the best feat- 
ures of the commission form of government, such as the recall, etc., 
were omitted from the bill. At this mass meeting the women expect 
to create and crystallize public sentiment, which, when fully aroused, 
will demand that none but honest men, who will enforce existing 
laws and ordinances against vice and crime, be nominated and 
elected. And as a means to that end the following questions will be 
submitted to each candidate for office: 



148 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

(1) Will you endeavor to suppress prostitution by enforcing 
the law against owners and lessees of hotels, rooming houses and 
residences, as well as against the persons who practice prostitution? 

(2) Will you suppress a restricted district or a stockade for 
vice? 

(3) Will you enforce the law against the illegal sale of drugs 
and liquor? 

(4) Will you suppress gambling by enforcing the laws which 
exist against that crime? 

(5) Will you voluntarily submit your official record to the recall 
of the people, as some candidates have done, upon the petition of 
20 per cent, of the registered voters of the city? 

Since the commission form of municipal government, which the 
Legislature has enacted for Salt Lake City, is without the recall, it 
seems fitting that the candidates should be given an opportunity to 
express themselves on the needs of the community. Economic and 
business methods, needful as they are in the administration of mu- 
nicipal affairs, are less important to the welfare and prosperity of the 
city than decency and respect for law and order. 

The women expect to succeed. We have an equal right with men 
in the government of this State and city, and we will not vote for 
men who will not agree to do the things we ask them to do. We 
expect to make the present vice commission a permanent one. It 
will be untiring in its labors to see to it that the new incumbents 
fulfill their pledges. If we fail it will not be because of lack of 
earnest, faithful workers. 

Respectfully submitted, 

EMILY S. RICHARDS, 
ELIZABETH M. COHEN, President. 

Secretary. 



VERMONT. 

We have nothing startling to report, but are moving along at 
an even tenor, with no new work undertaken. 

Our Press Correspondent has kept the subject before the people, 
and the press continues to give us respectful attention. 

We are rich in sentiment, and it is steadily increasing in every 
part of the State, but our laborers are not easily obtained. If clubs 
and committees were formed, they would probably not survive unless 
an able and enthusiastic Suffragist could be found to lead in the 
work, and there seems to be no one in sight with ability who could 
devote his or her time to the cause. 

We are remote from localities where the Suffrage speakers are 
heard, and many people fail to realize the results which are every- 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 149 

where evident, so it is difficult to estimate how far the movement 
has progressed in our State since the last report. 

Very truly, 

JULIA A. PIERCE, 

President. 

VIRGINIA. 

The State Association at present comprises the Parent League 
at Richmond, with flourishing branches in Lynchburg, Norfolk, Will- 
iamsburg and a scattered membership in country districts. 

The Richmond League^ which carries an enrollment of 301, 
is well organized^ its activities including regular weekly meetings, 
monthly business meetings, public lectures, drawing room talks, and 
co-operation with other organizations along various lines. The regu- 
lar weekly and monthly business meetings have been addressed by 
local leaders, both men and women. The League has also had the 
pleasure of having its cause ably presented by Dr. Anna Howard 
Shaw, Mrs. Charlotte Gilman, Col. George Harvey and Dr. Max 
Eastman to large audiences in The Jefferson Auditorium. Two mass 
meetings, conducted exclusively by members of the League, have 
proved successful innovations. The first, at Liberty Hall, sugges- 
tive in name, was addressed by Miss Mary Johnston, Miss Cocke 
and Mrs. Harvey Clarke. The second took the form of a Suffrage 
symposium, at which a dozen or more of the League members pre- 
sented their arguments for political recognition. 

The Literature Department of the League has done good work 
this past year, supplying high schools all over the State with ma- 
terial for suffrage debates, shipping literature to various places where 
needed aand getting new subscriptions to the "Journal" which is in- 
valuable in the work. An excellent advertising medium was fur- 
nished by a booth at the State Fair, held in Richmond, October last, 
when thousands learned, for the first time, something definite con 
cerning the character and extent of the Suffrage work, through the 
distribution of rainbow flyers and open air speaking. Miss Florence 
Luscomb of Boston was our main dependence in this new departure 
for Virginia. This year the booth was again successfully carried on 
with exclusively local speakers. The Legislative Committee is mak- 
ing preparations looking forward to the biennial meeting of the 
Legislature, when the presentation of a Suffrage amendment to the 
Constitution will overshadow everything else. With this in view, 
the League has arranged to move its headquarters from its present 
residential district to rooms in a prominent business section; and a 
business secretary has been engaaged. 

Especial gratification has been felt at the encouragement of 
Woman Suffrage by organized labor in this State. In March an in- 
vitation was extended the League by the Central Labor Union of 
Richmond to appear before that body and present its claims; as a. 



150 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

result of this occasion, endorsement of the League by all the trade 
unions of the city followed. Of even greater import to the League 
was the convention of the State Federation of Labor in June, when 
Suffrage delegates were given opportunity to address that body. 
Miss Mary Johnston, representing the League, made a deep im- 
pression on the convention which, together with the Farmers' Al- 
liance meeting at the same time, voted its endorsement of the League. 
This means the support of about 23,000 voters in the State. 

It is the good fortune of the Richmond League to carry on its 
roll the names of a number of prominent men. These will soon be 
organized into a Men's League for Woman Suffrage, which prom- 
ises to give substantial backing to the Woman's Cause, especially in 
the anticipated legislative contest. 

In finances, the League has held its own, largely through the 
generosity of a few of its members. The Treasurer's report shows re- 
ceipts from all sources amounting to $977.68, with equal disburse- 
ments. Pledges amounting to $1,300 have also been received to 
guarantee the expenses of the new headquarters and paid secretary. 

1. The Norfolk League, Mrs. Walter J. Adams, President, claims 
a roll of nearly one hundred, among whom are ministers, naval of- 
ficers and wives, lawyers, teachers and five professional writers. 
The interest of its members is evidenced by the fact that their Fall 
work includes the establishment of branch Leagues in Portsmouth 
and Newport News; the formation of a Political Economy Club as a 
factor in disseminating Suffrage doctrine; and arrangements for pub- 
lic lectures. 

2. The Equal Suffrage Club of Lynchburg, Mrs. John H. Lewis, 
President, reports a steadily growing sentiment in its community. 
The main activities of the Club have been manifested in public 
lectures and drawing room talks. 

3. In Williamsburg, the ancient capital of Virginia, the League 
claims a roll which, though not lengthy, comprises the names of 
distinguished people, notably Dr. Lyon G. Tyler, President of Will- 
iam and Mary College, the first man in the State to speak for Suf- 
frage, whose wife is the League chairman and a delegate here to-day. 

In conclusion, the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia looks for- 
ward to the coming year, entered upon with renewed hope and vigor, 
with confidence in its final success. 

LILA MEADE VALENTINE, Pres. 



WISCONSIN. 

The year just passed has been most eventful and fraught with 
great interest, not only to the people of our State, but to friends of 
Woman's Suffrage the world over. The year has been to us the 
culmination of many previous years of seemingly unavailing effort, 
and the realization of long cherished hopes. It has also summoned 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 151 

us to new and arduous duties. The progress of democratic ideas and 
the more general recognition of the rights of women has made our 
work easier and has brought more apparent results. Since the last 
report we have added to our membership 150 names, and have pro- 
vided for the recognition of campaign members, persons who are 
ready to render service, but who, for one reason or another do not 
wish to pay dues; thus many to whom a dollar a year would be a 
heavy tax are able to join us and render valuable aid. Of these we 
have already from two to three hundred and are daily adding more. 
We have raised in money during a little more than a year $1,000, and 
have thus been enabled to publish sixty thousand sheets of campaign 
literature, beside inaugurating some plans for carrying forward our 
cause during the coming year. 

During the session of our Legislature of 1909, the full Woman's 
Suffrage bill passed the Senate with a very large majority. Rev- 
erend Jenkin Lloyd Jones, of Chicago, gave an able address before 
the Legislature which was listened to by a large audience com- 
pletely filling the assembly chamber, but several circumstances pre- 
vented a fair consideration of the question by the Assembly and, 
consequently, the measure was lost, although the majority against us 
was small. Immediately after the close of that session of the Legis- 
lature the Executive Committee decided to concentrate, as far as 
possible, their efforts upon those districts represented by men who 
had voted against us. We, accordingly, began an educational cam- 
paign sending literature into those districts, and continued the Citizen 
to several people of the principal towns in those districts through 
the two years before the next session. As the time approached for 
the session of the Legislature of 1911, we requested our friends 
throughout the State to interview their representatives and learn 
their views of the subject. This was done to a considerable extent. 
When the Legislature convened the President of the Association sent 
Full Suffrage bills to Assemblyman Kemper of the Racine district, 
and to Senator David James. She also prepared a letter urging 
upon the members the importance of the question and requesting 
them to give it their candid and careful consideration. This letter was 
accompanied by packages of literature for each member. The Execu- 
tive Committee also requested our friends about the State to send 
letters to their members asking each one to vote in favor of the 
measure. Consequently, a large number of letters were sent in. All 
this time our Chairman of the Legislative Committee, Mrs. Jessie 
Luther, of Madison, was working with members in her usual quiet 
way. Miss Ada James, of Richland Center, and Mrs. Nellie King 
Donaldson, of Racine, our Vice-Presidents, and Mrs. G. A. Hipke, 
of Milwaukee, all spent some time in Madison interviewing members 
of the Legislature. On the 14th of March, a hearing was arranged 
by Mrs. Luther, assisted by Senator James and Miss Mary Swain 
Wagner, who had been employed by the Association. This was very 



152 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

effective, many of the best speakers in Wisconsin taking part, as 
well as Mrs. Grenfell of Colorado and Mrs. Emma Smith DeVoe of 
the State of Washington. On the evening of that day, namely March 
14, a meeting of the Wisconsin Women's Suffrage Association was 
held, at which meeting it was voted that, should the bill pass, the 
campaign should be carried on, as far as possible, in accordance 
with the methods which proved so successful in the State of Wash- 
ington. The President of the Association consulted with many of 
the members of Congress from Wisconsin and other men experienced 
in carrying elections. They were almost unanimous in advising what 
they called "the house to house canvass," which seems to be essen- 
tionally the same as the methods adopted in Washington; namely, a 
complete organization of the whole State by counties, by towns and 
by voting precincts, thus, through committees, reaching every voter 
cither by letter or by personal interview. Nearly all advised a "quiet" 
campaign"; to use the words of the politicians, "a still hunt." 
The President of the Association, with the members of the Execu- 
tive Committee, wishing to abide by the vote of the Association, 
passed on the 14th of March, purposed to carry on such a campaign, 
and undertook the stupendous work of organizing a whole State by 
voting precincts. Our State is peculiar in many respects; there are 
elements here which, if aroused, might make trouble for our cause, 
but, if left to themselves, might be quite indifferent to it, and, by fail- 
ing to vote on a subject which would seem to them unimportant, would 
greatly lessen a vote against us. We hoped to so conduct our cam- 
paign of organization as to arouse little opposition. But there were 
influences at work over which we had no control, and the result is 
that the Germans, at a recent meeting passed a resolution against 
Woman's Suffrage, and that money is being raised at the present time 
by the brewers to inaugurate a vigorous campaign having for its 
object the defeat of the Woman's Suffrage biLLj There are times when 
discretion is the better part of valor. It is best not to arouse our 
opponents by boasting of what we shall do with the ballot. The use 
that we shall make of the ballot will be proven when we get it, and 
cannot be foretold by anyone. 

Meanwhile, the Wisconsin Woman's Suffrage Association is 
carrying forward its work of organization. We have two or three 
counties of which we already feel quite certain, and several partial 
organizations in thirteen counties. In some of these the organization 
has extended through most of the county. We have done work at 
fairs and picnics and Chautauqua assemblies. Our tent at the State 
Fair attracted a great deal of attention, and the speeches made there 
aroused an interest in thousands of people. We have distributed a 
large amount of literature and are beginning to hold meetings in the 
school districts, hoping thus to reach the farming community. In 
the early Spring the Executive Committee appointed a central com- 
mittee to take direct charge of the campaign work. Mrs. G. A. Hipke, 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 153 

of Milwaukee, was made Chairman of this committee. She has 
done, during the Summer, an immense amount of work. Her methods 
of raising money and propaganda have been unique and effective. 
She has made use of the theatre as a means of advancing our cause, 
and has inaugurated the method of distributing literature on the 
railroad trains. This has proved most admirable, as travelers are 
for the most part glad to obtain something to interest them on long 
and dreary journeys. The President of the society has written a small 
book of personal reminiscences, written in a familiar and colloquial 
style which it was hoped would interest the average reader. The pro- 
ceeds of the book are to be given entirely to the campaign while it 
lasts. 

In spite of the forces which seem to be arraying themselves 
against our work, we have great hopes of carrying the State and 
winning a victory in 1912. Our great need at this time is money. 
V/e need money to go into those counties in which as yet there is 
no organization; in many of which there never have been any meet- 
ings held, and where the cause is entirely new. We have among our 
officers and co-workers persons who might be employed to do good 
work if only there was money to pay their expenses and in some cases 
a small salary. Our officers at present are giving their time and 
effort freely and paying their own traveling expenses. We cannot do 
this through an entire campaign. We expect friends of Woman's 
Suffrage to make contributions which will enable us to carry out 
our plan of a complete organization of the whole State of Wisconsin. 
There is public sentiment enough in the State in favor of Woman's 
Suffrage to carry the day if only it were organized and united to with- 
stand the opposition. We think it is better to spend our energies 
in gathering up our friends by organizing than in contending with 
those who are opposed to us, and hence we are working to that end 
with the greatest hope and utmost determination. We have re- 
ceived valuable aid and encouragement from the National Association 
and your President has given assurance of further assistance; for this 
we are most grateful and trust by our fidelity and zeal to merit your 
favor and also when the campaign is over and the victory is won to 
return in kind the aid you have given. 

OLYMPIA BROWN, 

President. 



FRIENDS EQUAL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION. 

We regret there appears to be no increase of membership in our 
Association during the past year, but this is not discouraging, be- 
cause we constantly urge recruits to transfer their names to active 
local Suffrage Clubs as opportunity may offier. 

A Philadelphia friend reports good service done by our people 
in connection with city, county and State Suffrage Leagues; in or- 



154 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

ganizing Ward Suffrage Clubs, and speaking at open-air meetings in 
various parts of the city. 

Friends also appeared frequently before Legislative Committees 
at Harrisburg, notably when bills relating to women and children 
were pending. 

We aim to co-operate with all other denominations in philan- 
thropy, generally, and in Suffrage primarily. 

As no list of contributions from friends to our National fund 
has been forwarded to us, as yet, we shall have to refer you to the 
Treasurer's report. 

Several workers mention a large distribution of Suffrage liter- 
ature, especially copies of "The Woman's Journal." This valuable 
paper is sent regularly to friends, libraries in Baltimore and Phila- 
delphia, to Abington and George schools, and to Swarthmore Col- 
lege, as well as to Buck Hill Falls Inn, Pa. 

It is gratifying to hear that the Suffrage question is being dis- 
cussed, more and more, by our boys and girls, and whenever debated 
in a friend's school, the affirmative side invariably wins.. To quote 
Dickens, "This may be a political straw showing which way the 
country wind blows." 

MARY BENTLEY THOMAS, 

President. 

EQUAL FRANCHISE SOCIETY. 

The activities of the Equal Franchise Society during the year 
1910-1911 were divided into three different channels: First, a course 
of lectures at the Maxine Elliott Theatre; second, the legislative 
work done by our two committees under Mrs. Blatch and Miss 
Lexow; and third, the publication and sale of our pamphlets. 

A course of six lectures, beginning January 5 and occurring 
every fortnight until March 16, were given at the Maxine Elliott 
Theatre. These lectures dealt mainly with the achievement of 
women in the past, and were delivered by Miss Sarah Barnwell 
Elliott, Miss Ida Tarbell, Professor Charles Zueblin, Miss A. J. G. 
Perkins, Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, and Professor Edward Howard 
Griggs. In addition to these meetings, tableaux illustrating women's 
achievement in the past were given on the afternoon of January 17 
at the Maxine Elliott Theatre. The other Suffrage organizations 
were all asked to participate with this Society in these tableaux, and 
the proceeds were divided in proportion to the number of tableaux 
each Society had. From this entertainment the amount realized was 
$3,579.00. 

The work of our two committees under Mrs. Stanton Blatch and 
Miss Caroline Lexow consisted in interviewing legislators and keep- 
ing them supplied with Suffrage literature; stirring up interest and 
holding meetings in the different counties which had not been reached 
by other Suffrage organizations; and arranging for a "Suffrage Week" 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 155 

in Albany from February 21-28 inclusive. The following is an ex- 
tract from Miss Lexow's report of this week's activities: 

"While the events for this week were arranged by this Society, 
several other Suffrage organizations co-operated. The first event 
was a reception at the Hotel Ten Eyck at which Miss Fola La Follette 
read, "How the Vote Was Won," and Miss Marjorie Benton Cooke 
gave Suffrage monologues. This was followed by a series of meet- 
ings addressed by Mrs. Florence Kelley, Rev. Dr. Anna Shaw, Mrs. 
Anna Garlin Spencer, Mr. Max Eastman, and Miss Sylvia Pankhurst, 
who spoke under the auspices of the Women's Political Union on the 
last evening. In addition to these meetings a number of trade unions 
were addressed by Miss Frances Ecob, most of which passed Suffrage 
resolutions at the end of her speech. The Association of Collegiate 
Alumni invited us to send a speaker to their meeting, and the moving 
picture shows allowed us to display the Suffrage slides which were 
loaned for the purpose by the Woman's Suffrage Party. In spite 
of bitterly cold weather, a number of open air meetings were held 
under the auspices of the Women's Political Union. 

"The most prominent event of the week was a meeting held in 
honor of Judge Ben B. Lindsey, who telegraphed this Society that 
he would be in Albany on a given date to answer the Anti-Suffragists 
who had misquoted him before the Judiciary Committee at the hearing 
of the Suffrage measure. Owing to the courtesy of Speaker Frisbie 
the Assembly Chamber was placed at our disposal, and an enormous 
audience, brought together in less than twenty-four hours, heard Judge 
Lindsey's brilliant reply to the Anti-Suffragists, which was taken 
down verbatim by the Senate Stenographer and afterwards printed. 

"Besides the concentrated activity during this week, an unusual 
feature was to be found in the advertisements. Every available 
method of advertising, not only the meetings, but the Suffrage cause, 
was utilized. The result of this advertising and this tremendous Suf- 
frage activity in a city where practically no Suffrage meetings had 
been held previously, was an enormous amount of press notice, ex- 
tending sometimes over two pages of some of the Albany journals. 
Many of the New York papers had special reporters in Albany to 
follow up our work, which was extensively reported here as well as in 
many of the cities in the neighborhood of Albany." 

Through the courtesy of Mrs. Mackay we have been able to con- 
tinue our headquarters at 1 Madison Avenue, in the Metropolitan 
Tower. During the past year we have published eight new pamphlets 
and sold about 1,500. Our membership up to date numbers 672, 
twenty-one life members and 651 active members. 

On April 12, 1911, Mrs. Mackay resigned the Presidency of this 
Society, and Mrs. Richard Aldrich, our First Vice-President, as- 
sumed this office until the close of the year. At our last annual 
meeting on November 13, 1911, the following Board of Trustees 
was elected: Mrs. Richard Aldrich, Hon. P. T. Barlow, Mrs. Stanton 



156 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Blatch, Mrs. J. W. Brannan, Mrs. Bourke Cockran, Mrs. J. G. Finch,. 
Mrs. Robert Goelet, Col. George Harvey, Mrs. Alonzo Hepburn^ 
Mrs. Mackay, Mrs. Howard Mansfield, Rev. Dr. J. .H. Melish, Mrs. 
H. W. Miller, Mrs. Frederick Nathan, Mrs. Philip Lydig, Mr. Rollo 
Ogden, Mrs. Simkhovitch, Professor W. P. Trent, Mrs. Schuyler 
Warren, Mrs. Egerton Winthrop, Dr. S. S. Wise. 

Our plan for the coming year is to hold two large Carnegie Hall 
meetings, at one of which three prominent men be requested to* 
speak, and the other of which should be a political meeting held at 
the time that pressure is most needed in Albany. We also plan to. 
establish a permanent and thoroughly equipped Reading Room and 
Library, where the papers, magazines and pamphlets published in. 
every country on Suffrage and the general woman's movement should 
be kept on file for reference, and where books on the same subject 
should be kept, both for reference and circulation. It is the plan of 
our Library Committee to make this Library of enough permanent 
value to women, by not limiting it wholly to the Suffrage question, so 
that it can be carried on even after New York has won the fight for 
Equal Suffrage. 

ETHEL GROSS, 

Secretary. 



NATIONAL COLLEGE EQUAL SUFFRAGE LEAGUE. 

The National College Equal Suffrage League has increased its. 
membership during the last year. It now numbers twenty-three- 
State or City Leagues and twenty-five College Chapters, and is en-, 
titled to send twenty-six delegates to the National American Woman 
Suffrage Convention. 

During the absence of the President of the League in Egypt, the 
National President, Miss Shaw, who is also First Vice-President of 
the National College Equal Suffrage League, kindly consented to act; 
as President and conducted the work of the League in conjunction 
with the Secretary of the League, Miss Martha Gruening. 

The most progressive work of the year was done under the 
leadership of Miss Charlotte Anita Whitney by the College Leagues: 
and Chapters of California. Many men and women who were un- 
willing to work with other Suffrage organizations joined the College 
women in the fight for Equal Suffrage. The League numbered over 
one thousand members, and played an important part in winning the 
Suffrage for California women. The College women of the State 
of Washington also did good service. 

During the coming year the National College Equal Suffrage 
League will try to organize the College women in the campaign 
States of Oregon, Nevada, Kansas, and Wisconsin, in the hope that 
the College women of these States may be able to give as much help, 
to the Suffrage cause as in California and Washington. 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 157 

The following extracts from the annual report of the Secretary 
of the League will give some idea of the work of the past year: 

Apart from the aggressive propaganda conducted in California, 
the work of the League has been as usual along educational lines 
consisting chiefly in organizing new Chapters in Colleges and sup- 
plying lectures to Chapters already organized. 

The following lecturers have spoken before Chapters and 
Leagues: Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, before the Chapters of Ober- 
lin College, Milwaukee-Downer College, Ohio State University, Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, University of Chicago, Lombard College, Leland 
Stanford, Jr. University, Bryn Mawr College, and before the Cleve- 
land League; Mrs. Helen F. Grenfell, before the Chapters of the 
University of Nebraska, Rockford College, University of Wisconsin, 
Rochester University, Wells College, and before the Louisville, Balti- 
more, Washington, and Providence Leagues; Miss Shaw, before the 
Chapters of Wellesley College; Cornell University, and Syracuse 
University; Mrs. Philip N. Snowden, before the Barnard College 
Chapter, and the Law School of New York University. 

Through the interest of members of the Smith College Faculty 
lectures were also arranged for Miss Shaw and Mrs. Grenfell at 
Northampton, Massachusetts, which were attended by a large num- 
be of Smith College students. "How the Vote Was Won" was read at 
Swarthmore College by Miss Fola LaFollette. 

The Secretary of the League also did speaking and organizing 
work at Oberlin College, Western Reserve University, University of 
Chicago, Northwestern University, Lombard College, Earlham Col- 
lege, Wells College, Wellesley College, and Cornell University. 

Three new Chapters were organized in the State of Illinois, 
in Illinois College, Jacksonville, Eureka College, Eureka and Shurtleff 
College, in Upper Alton, by Miss Harriet Grim, who worked for 
the League for a few weeks. 

Nearly all Chapters which were supplied with lectures reported 
an increase in membership, in some cases a large increase. 

Another form of educational work has been the circulation of 
"Homo Sum, a letter to an anti-Suffragist from an Anthropologist," by 
Miss Jane Harrison, Staff Lecturer of Newnham College, Cambridge, 
England. During the past year 3,000 copies of this pamphlet have 
been sent to the Faculties, and in some cases to the students, of more 
than twenty colleges in this country and Canada. Repeated requests 
were received for more copies in nearly every case. 

The League has also circulated its four travelling libraries, con- 
taining twenty-five volumes and pamphlets on Woman Suffrage. 
These libraries were in great demand in the California campaign, 
where they were in charge of the Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of 
San Francisco. The libraries have also been lent to other societies 
in New York including the Equal Franchise League. 

M. CAREY THOMAS, President. 



158 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

REPORTS OF NATIONAL ORGANIZERS. 

South Dakota — Barton O. Aylesworth. 

I have to report three months and six days spent in the Equal 
Suffrage Campaign of South Dakota between June 6 and November 8, 
1910, under the direction of the National American Woman Suffrage 
Association. Itemized reports have been forwarded to the Secretary 
of the Association. 

I held one hundred and three public meetings in fifty-four towns 
and cities. 

Among the most notable assemblies addressed were the State 
W. C. T. U. Convention at Huron, the State Federation of Women's 
Clubs at Aberdeen, the Chautauqua at Canton, the State Conserva- 
tion Congress at Pierre, the Old Soldiers' Reunion at Colton, the 
District Fair at Scenic, the District Teachers' Normal Associa- 
tion at Mitchell, and the State Fair at Huron. 

Several days were given to State organization work at head- 
quarters in Sioux Falls. 

The collections taken at these meetings amounted to $301.74. The 
expenses of traveling, entertainment and occasional hall rent were 
$226.19. 

The meetings were all fairly well attended. In more than half 
the towns visited ours was the initial Suffrage meeting. Notwith- 
standing this the interest was good, and substantial foundations laid. 

The newspapers were generous with space and fair in attitude 
without exception. 

The Amendment failed of passing for two reasons, principally: 
An almost utter lack of local organization work previous to submit- 
ting the Amendment, and the fact that the liquor interests, in order 
that they might be sure their ignorant voters would put the cross 
against the County Option Amendment, issued the command to vote 
"no" on all Amendments. 

South Dakota will win in the next contest. The heroic and self- 
sacrificing labor of the workers in that State can bring but one result 
eventually. 

WISCONSIN. 
By Harriet E. Grim. 

The month of August, 1911, was spent working for the Political 
Equality League under the direction of Ada L. James, President. 
Most of the work was done by automobile tours — practically all of 
the speaking was out of doors. During the month we worked in the 
following counties, speaking in about three towns daily: Milwaukee, 
Waukesha, Jefferson, Dane, Iowa, La Fayette, Rock, Watworth. 

We had large and attentive audiences and left organizations in a 
number of towns. As half the population of the whole State of Wis- 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 159 

consin is in six Southern counties, and as we worked chiefly in all but 
one of the six, I feel that this month had particular value. We did 
not go into Racine County, as Mrs. Brown, President of the Wisconsin 
W. S. Association, has always lived there, and Miss James felt that 
it would not only not be courteous for the League to work there, but 
that the other association could do better work — being familiar with 
the territory. 

From September 12th to October 12th I worked for the Woman 
Suffrage Association under the direction of Rev. Olympia Brown, 
President, and Mrs. G. A. Hipke, Chairman of the Central Committee. 
As this Association did not believe in automobile work, we tried 
other methods. 

The first week was spent at the State Fair in Milwaukee. The 
Association and the League had tents side by side in a very promi- 
nent part of the grounds. Mrs. Hipke managed that part of it. 
Literature was given away constantly; buttons sold; also cook books 
presented to the Wisconsin Association by the Washington Suffra- 
gists; and Rev. Olympia Brown's latest book, "Memories Old and 
New." I spoke from a bench outside the tent, two or three times 
daily. We usually managed to speak just after the aeroplane flight. 
The crowd was there ready to hand — all we needed to do was to 
begin speaking. It was sometimes a little difficult to speak above the 
band and other attractions, but I think there was never a crowd of 
less than 200, and usually it was much larger. 

Between this and the State Convention, which was held the last 
three days of September, in Racine, I spoke at a few County Fairs and 
in a few scattered towns. At the Watertown Fair we were permitted 
to speak in front of the grand stand just before the races. At the 
Elkhorn Fair we were given the use of one of the band stands for 
the whole day. 

Mrs. Brown planned a series of schoolhouse meetings for her 
County, and I spoke at three of these. 

The most valuable work of the month, in my estimation, was 
done the last few days. Mrs. Hipke, herself a German, arranged 
seven meetings in a decidedly German community where the prejudice 
against the movement was very strong. Mrs. Hipke had lived in this 
community for many years, and because of her large audiences, we 
spoke in Sheboygan Falls, Kewanee, Casco, Algoma, Chilton, New 
Holstein, and Kiel. 

At the Convention of the Association a committee of three was 
appointed to confer with a committee of like number from the League, 
to confer on matters of policy and general work. This seems to me 
to show the right spirit. 

If the Suffragists of Wisconsin work harmoniously from now until 
the end of the campaign — which I believe they will do — I believe 
there is great hope of victory. The Socialists are strong all over 
the State, and, of course, they stand for Suffrage. The Progres- 



160 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

sives, with La Follette as leader, ought to help much. Mr. La 
Follette told Mrs. Brown that he would bring the subject up in all of 
his speeches, and that certainly ought to help. The enemy most to 
be feared is, of course, the brewing interest in Milwaukee. They 
have said they are not going to fight the measure, but that remains to 
be seen. 

Altogether the outlook is bright. We can at least hope that 
Wisconsin will come in line next Fall. 



SOUTH DAKOTA. 
Perle Penfield. 

The work of the National Organizer in the South Dakota cam- 
paign began the first week in September, 1909, and closed Election 
Day, in November, 1910. It ranged over all phases of Suffrage ac- 
tivity in the field and in headquarters. 

Making a rough and somewhat arbitrary division of the duties, 
they may said to have covered: 

1. Field work — speaking, organizing, etc. 

2. Work at State Fairs of 1909 and 1910 — handling booth. 

3. Temporary duties as Headquarters Secretary. 

4. Acting as manager for Miss Fola La Follette. 

5. Two months' campaign for Beadle County. 

While acting strictly in the capacity of Speaker and Organizer, 
the eastern and central part of the State were covered with con- 
siderable thoroughness, and a chain of campaign committees were 
organized. Where clubs had existed effort was made to put them 
on an active campaign basis. Work of this sort necessitated much 
speaking in any sort of a place offered, from business offices and 
private houses to churches and schools. The main strength, how- 
ever, went into personal calls on all the leading women and many of 
the leading men of every town visited. This personal work was fol- 
lowed by an organization meeting and the formation of the local 
committee wherever possible. The greater part of the Winter of 
1909-10 was given to this work, often under difficulties imposed by 
extremely cold and stormy weather, and delayed train service. In 
all, the Organizer personally visited between forty and fifty towns, 
and covered about 2,500 miles traveling within the State. 

The first thing accomplished after entering the State was the 
securing of a booth at the State Fair in Huron. The State Presi- 
dent, Mrs. Johnson, and the Organizer, worked together in this, 
assisted by the Suffragists of Huron. Literature was distributed, and 
many men and women appealed to personally by the workers of the 
booth. About nine hundred names of sympathizers were secured, 
which justifies an estimate of between two and three thousand persons 
spoken to on the subject. Both the Organizer and Mrs. Johnson 



REPORTS FROM AUXILIARY STATES 161 

delivered Suffrage addresses in the auditorium of the Woman's Build- 
ing on Woman's Club Day. 

The booth at the Fair was prepared by the Beadle County As- 
sociation and the Organizer, also a booth in the Beadle County Build- 
ing. State officers and the Headquarters Secretary from Sioux Falls, 
assisted by local workers, handled the crowds in the Woman's Build- 
ing, while the local Suffragists and the Organizer attended to the 
booth in the Beadle County Building. Speeches were made every 
noon from the staircase in the Woman's Building by prominent State 
speakers and some sent into the State by the National Association. 
Your Organizer spoke twice a day in her booth and assisted in the 
work from automobiles during the closing days. Both years the 
ground were well placarded, much literature was distributed, and 
effective propaganda accomplished. 

Early in May, 1910, the illness of the Headquarters Secretary, 
Mrs. A. D. Tinsley, necessitated the abandoning of a trip throughout 
the western part of the State, and a return to Sioux Falls to fill in at 
Headquarters until a new Secretary should be elected. This was not 
done until the latter part of June, and until then your Organizer was 
busy with speakers and manifold executive tasks. Literature was 
sent out daily and systematically, speakers were routed and innum- 
erable letters arranging their engagements were written. At one 
time six speakers were being handled. A monthly Headquarters 
Bulletin was published and effort made to keep in touch with cam- 
paign committees throughout the State. It would be unprofitable to 
enumerate the tasks involved in campaign headquarters work, and 
unnecessary, also. This was a very busy period. 

As arrangements for Miss La Follette's tour, reading "How the 
Vote Was Won," did not prove satisfactory, and as Mrs. Sheldon was 
well started in Headquarters, your Organizer left Sioux Falls late in 
June and went on the road as manager for Miss La Follette. Dates 
were arranged through the central part of the State and in the Black 
Hills — sometimes in theatres, often in churches. Her tour turned a 
snug sum into the campaign fund. 

After an enforced vacation during August, arrangements were 
made for a campaign in Beadle County by the County Committee lo- 
cated in Huron, and your organizer spent the time up to election 
there. The county was most thoroughly covered by an automobile 
campaign. The cars left Huron every afternoon carrying speakers 
and entertainers, and meetings were held in every town and nearly 
every rural schoolhouse in the county. Literature was mailed and 
distributed, sample ballots sent out, also cards of instructions to 
voters. Several large public meetings were held in Huron, including 
one for Miss Shaw and one for Mrs. Craigie, a booth at the Fair was 
cared for, and money for all those expenses raised by the local com- 
mittee, captained by Mrs. Pyle, of Huron. 

The State Convention, which organized the Campaign Committee, 



162 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

and inaugurated the campaign work, was held in Sioux Falls in No- 
vember, 1909, and was attended by Dr. Shaw and Mrs. Avery. Your 
Organizer helped to arrange for this Convention, and also in carry- 
ing out the Convention plans for organization and the establishment 
of Headquarters. About three weeks were given to this. She was 
one of the speakers o nthe Convention program and also on the 
program for the annual meeting of the State Federation of Clubs, 
which immediately preceded the Suffrage Convention. During the 
year she addressed the students of the State University, Yankton 
College, and three of the State Normal schools. 

That the election in South Dakota was lost is a disappointment, 
but it is only a temporary set-back, for the question will be submitted 
until settled in favor of Equal Suffrage. There were many elements 
contributing to the defeat, not the least being the complicated political 
situation in the State, and a campaign on State-wide prohibition. 

* 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON REVISING THE 
CONSTITUTION. 

Proposed Constitution for the National Woman Suffrage Association. 

Article I. 

Name. 
The name of this Association shall be the National Woman 
Suffrage Association. 

Article II. 

Object. 
The object of this Association shall be to secure the right to vote 
to all women citizens of the United States. 

Article III 

Membership. 

There shall be two classes of membership, consisting of: 1, Or- 
ganizations; 2, Individuals. 

Organizations. 

Section 1. Any Suffrage organization with not less than fifty 
members may belong to this Association upon payment of the pre- 
scribed dues, and shall be entitled to representation in the National 
Convention by duly appointed delegates, as hereinafter provided for. 

Sec. 2. National organizations may become affiliated members of 
the N. W. S. A. on approval of two-thirds of the National Executive 
Board, and upon payment of $10.00 annual dues — these affiliated or- 
ganizations to be entitled to one delegate only. 

Individuals. 
Section 1. Any person paying $50.00 at any one time into the 
National Treasury may become a life member of the Association, and 



CONSTITUTION 163 

shall be entitled to attend all its public meetings, to participate in all 
its discussions, and to receive reports and other documents published 
by it, but not entitled to vote. 

Sec. 2. Individuals may become co-operating members of the 
N. W. S. A. by payment of $1.00. 

Article IV. 

Officers. 

Section 1. The officers of the Association shall be a President, 
Vice-President, a Corresponding Secretary, a Recording Secretary, a 
Treasurer, and two Auditors. 

Sec. 2. The duties of the officers shall be those usually pertaining 
to the office. 

Sec. 3. The Treasurer shall keep an accurate account of receipts 
and disbursements, shall report at each meeting of the Executive 
Board, and shall present a detailed report thereof at each annual 
meeting. She shall collect all dues and pledges, and pay all bills 
authorized by the Board. She shall provide the State Associations 
with blank credentials for delegates to the annual meetings, and shall 
be ex-officio Chairman of the Committee on Credentials. The books 
of the Treasurer must close the first day of January, and the Treas- 
urer's report shall be read at the second business meeting of the 
Annual Convention. 

Article V. 

Executive Board. 

Section 1. The officers of the Association shall constitute an 
Executive Board, which shall transact all business of the Association 
between Conventions. 

Sec. 2. The Executive Board shall meet at least once a month, 
except during the months of July and August. 

Sec. 3. Five members shall constitute a quorum. 

Article VI. 

Advisory Council. 

Section 1. There shall be an Advisory Council, consisting of the 
President of each organization belonging to the Association. It shall 
be the duty of this Advisory Council to promptly consider and reply 
to such questions as may be submitted to it by the Executive Board 
concerning the welfare of the Association. 

Sec. 2. This Council shall hold an annual meeting preceding the 
Convention of the Association, and there shall be a joint meeting of 
the Executive Board and the Advisory Council the day after the Con- 
vention. 

Sec. 3. One-fourth of the members of this Council may require 
the President of the Association to call a general meeting of the 
Council and Executive Board. 



164 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Sec. 4. The decisions of the Advisory Council shall be presented 
in the form of recommendations at the business meeting of the Con- 
vention, and to the Executive Board. 

Article VII. 

Basis of Representation. 

Sec. 1. Every Suffrage organization belonging to the National 
Association paying at least $10.00 into the National Treasury shall 
be entitled to one delegate to the Annual Convention, and to one ad- 
ditional delegate for every additional $10.00 paid to National Treas- 
ury; provided, however, that each $10.00 shall represent at least 
fifty bona fide members of the local organization, which local or- 
ganization shall decide what shall constitute bona fide membership. 

Sec. 2. Each delegate present shall be entitled to cast one vote, 
and shall cast it personally, except on the election of officers, when 
the delegates present from each auxiliary Association may cast the 
full vote to which that organization is entitled. 

Article VIII. 

Election of Officers. 

Section 1. The officers of this Association shall be elected on 
the last day, but one of the annual meeting. They shall be nominated 
by informal ballot. The three persons receiving the highest number 
of votes for any office shall be considered nominees, and the election 
shall be decided by a formal ballot. 

Sec. 2. The terms of the General Officers shall expire at the 
end of the last session of the Convention. 

Sec. 3. The Executive Board shall fill any vacancy on the Board 
which may occur during the year. The person so appointed shall 
serve until the next election. 

Article IX. 

Amendment of Constitution. 
The Constitution may be amended at any annual meeting by a 
two-thirds vote of the delegates present. Such proposed amend- 
ment shall be published in the official organ of the National Woman 
Suffrage Association at least six weeks before the meeting at which it 
is to be voted upon, and shall be sent out with the call to the 
meeting. 

By-Law I. 
Annual Convention. 
Section 1. This Association shall hold an Annual Convention of 
regularly elected delegates for the election of officers and the trans- 
action of business. 

Sec. 2. Delegates must present credentials signed by the Presi- 
dent and Secretary of their respective organizations. 



CONSTITUTION 165 

By-Law II. 

Committees. 

Section 1. At its first meeting after the Convention, the Executive 
Board shall appoint such committees as it may deem necessary to 
carry on the work of the Association. Committees so appointed 
shall serve until the close of the next Convention. 

Sec. 2. The Executive Board may from time to time appoint 
special committees, as occasion may require. 

Sec. 3. The Chairmen of these Committees shall be members 
ex-officio of the Advisory Council. 

By-Law III. 

Amendment of By-Laws. 
These By-laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting thereof, one day's notice having been given in Con- 
vention. 

The following amendment is proposed by Miss Laura Clay: 
Amend Article VIII., on Election of Officers, Section 1, by add- 
ing after the last line, "and the election shall be decided by a formal 
ballot," these words: "The result of the formal ballot for the pre- 
ceding officer nominated shall be announced before taking the in- 
formal ballot for the next." 

MARY WARE DENNETT, 

JESSIE ASHLEY, 

HARRIET BURTON LAIDLAW, 

HENRIETTA W. LIVERMORE, 

KATHERINE HOUGHTON HEPBURN, 



166 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



MINUTES OF THE FORTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

ASSOCIATION. 

Meetings of the General Officers. 
October 17th, 7.30 P. M. 

The Board of the NATIONAL AMERICA^ WOMAN SUF- 
FRAGE ASSOCIATION, met in Parlor B, Seelbach Hotel, Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, at 7.30 P. M„ October 17, 1911. 

Present: Anna H. Shaw, Catharine W. McCulloch, Kate Gordon, 
Mary Ware Dennett, Ella S. Stewart, Jessie Ashley, Laura Clay and 
Alice Stone Blackwell. 

The meeting was called to order by the President. 
The roll was called for topics of discussion and recommendation. 
Miss Clay suggested New Hampshire and Oregon. 

Miss Gordon suggested Convention resolutions and amendments. 
Scope of National work. Direct election of Senators. 
Mrs. Dennett, date for next Convention, mid-Winter. 
Mrs. Stewart suggested Organizers and campaigns. Recording 
Secretary and records. Personal privilege. 

Miss Blackwell, Memorial resolutions, literature, temperance 
leaflet. Woman's Journal. How money for campaign States shall be 
raised. Headquarters, where and how to provide rent. 
Miss Ashley suggested Wisconsin and Kansas. 
Mrs. McCulloch moved to recommend to Executive Committee 
that our next Convention be held in November, between Election 
and Thanksgiving. Seconded by Miss Clay. Carried. 

Miss Gordon moved to recommend that all contributions for cam- 
paigns outside the campaign States themselves be sent through the 
National Treasury. This money to be expended according to in- 
structions. Carried. 

Miss Blackwell moved to recommend that the officers of any State 
auxiliary be permitted to solicit funds through the Woman's Journal, 
provided they do not take too much space. 

Miss Clay moved to amend by substituting the words "campaign 
States" for "any State auxiliary." The amendment was seconded by 
Mrs. Dennett. Carried. 

Motion as amended carried. 

Mrs. McCulloch called up the subject of campaign States. 
Miss Clay presented situation in New Hampshire where a Con- 
stitutional Convention is to be held next June. 

Miss Gordon moved to recommend that steps be taken to improve 
the opportunity for a Suffrage campaign which the situation in New 
Hampshire presents. Prevailed. 

The situation in Oregon was discussed. Moved to recommend 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 167 

that the request of Wisconsin Suffragists for Miss Harriet Grim as 
Organizer be granted. Carried. 

Moved and carried to adjourn to 8:30, October 18. 

October 18th. 

Board met at 8:30 a. m., all members being present, the President 
in the Chair. 

Minutes of the preceding meeting read and approved. 

The question of National Organizers in Wisconsin was taken up. 

It was moved .and carried that if finances warrant it that the 
Association supply both Miss James and Mrs. Brown with an 
Organizer. 

The situation in Kansas was discussed, and Mrs. Hover's quali- 
fications as manager or worker in the Kansas campaign were pre- 
sented, and it was moved and carried that the employment of Mrs. 
Boyer be recommended to the Kansas Suffragists. 

It was suggested that the California delegation be consulted as to 
a list of the best California speakers available for the present cam- 
paigns. 

Mrs. Dennett suggested that the situation in Maryland be con- 
sidered and on motion of Miss Clay the question was taken up. 

The protest of the Equal Suffrage League of Baltimore against 
the legality of its expulsion from Maryland State Woman Suffrage 
Association was read by Mrs. McCulloch. Letters were read and 
discussion followed. 

On motion of Miss Clay the question was laid on the table until 
called up. 

Mrs. McCulloch moved a two-minute time limit on all discussions. 
Carried. 

Miss Ashley brought up the question of Mrs. Boyer's account in 
Oklahoma and explained the difference of opinion on that matter, 
Mrs. Boyer claiming $200 still due her, and Miss Ashley claiming 
that Mrs. Boyer had already been paid $500 more than amount appro- 
priated. After lengthy discussion, Miss Clay moved, seconded by 
Miss Gordon, that Mrs. Boyer's claim for headquarters expenses and 
salary, and personal expenses, now including only $200 due to Miss 
Blackwell, unpaid, shall be paid, with a statement to Mrs. Boyer 
that the Hoard is not unanimous about its being in accordance with 
the previous vote of the Board. Motion carried. 

Mrs. Stewart moved and it was carried that all financial arrange- 
ments with field workers in the future be in the form of contracts 
signed by contracting parties, copies of which shall be held by each. 

Miss Ashley asked whether this $200 might be paid from the 
Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund. 

Miss Gordon asked time to consult with certain parties before 
giving consent. 

Discussion followed on the disposition of Susan B. Anthony 
Memorial Fund. 



168 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Miss Ashley reported on money raising trip of Miss Gruening 
and Miss Fleming. 

Moved and carried to adjourn. 

2.45 P. M. 

Minutes read and approved, after correction. 

Moved by Mrs. McCulloch that the Maryland matter be taken 
from the table. Carried. But by consent the consideration was 
waived until it could be ascertained if the Board might agree upon 
certain phases of the revision of the Constitution which might have 
a bearing on the Maryland situation. 

It was moved by Mrs. McCulloch that we agree on 300 members 
as the basis for admitting a second organization in any State, as 
proposed in Article III, Section 1. 

Amended by Miss Blackwell to 100. 

Yeas: Blackwell, Dennett, Ashley and Shaw. Nays: Stewart, 
McCulloch, Gordon. Clay not voting. 

On the amendment to substitute 400 for 100, the vote was: 

Yeas: Gordon, Stewart, McCulloch. Nays: Blackwell, Shaw, 
Ashley, Dennett. Lost. 

On the amendment to substitute 300 for 100, the vote was: 

Yeas: Gordon, Stewart, McCulloch, Clay. Nays: Ashley, Dennett. 
Carried. 

The amendment was afterward adopted unanimously. 

Mrs. John W. Wilson, of Maryland Equal Franchise League, was 
introduced and made a statement regarding the difficulties in Mary- 
land. 

Mrs. McCulloch moved: 

Whereas, Our National Constitution does not forbid the auxiliary- 
ship of more than one State organization; and 

Whereas, The Maryland Equal Franchise League had paid its 
dues before January to our National Treasury; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the official Board instructs the Credentials Com- 
mittee of this Convention to accept the credentials of the Maryland 
Franchise League. 

Carried. 

Miss Clay moved that Mrs. Wilson be asked to withhold her 
credentials until the Convention has acted upon the revision of the 
Constitution. Carried. 

On Constitution. 

Mrs. McCulloch moved to recommend that the Editor-in-Chief of 
the Woman's Journal shall be an officer of the Association. 

Six affirmative. Miss Shaw opposed. Miss Blackwell not voting. 

Moved by Mrs. McCulloch to reconsider the vote just taken. 

Mrs. McCulloch moved to amend by substitution of Editor of 
official organ for Editor of Woman's Journal. Carried. 

Miss Ashley moved that the books of the Treasurer close four 
weeks before the National Convention. Carried. 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 169 

Treasurer to give monthly resume to Board. 

Moved and seconded to adjourn 8:30 to not later than 10:00 
Approved. 

9.00 P. M. 

The meeting was called to order by the Chair. The minutes of 
the previous meeting were read and approved. 

By-Law III, Section 2, read and approved, and the following 
voted: "The Executive Committee shall elect from itself a Member- 
ship Committee which shall pass upon the qualifications of organiza- 
tions applying for auxiliaryship." 

Mrs. Stewart, as a matter of personal privilege, asked leave to 
lay before the Board correspondence between herself and Miss M. 
Cary Thomas touching upon the correctness of the minutes of one of 
the sessions of the Washington Convention, especially as Miss 
Thomas had stated that Miss Shaw, Mrs. Dennett and Miss Ashley 
agreed with her as to the incorrectness of the resolution in question. 

Mrs. Dennett and Miss Ashley stated that Miss Thomas had mis- 
represented them, and the following statement was ordered spread 
upon the minutes: "That the correspondence between Miss Thomas 
and the Recording Secretary of the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association had been laid before the Official Board of the 
N. A. W. S. A.; that the Official Board, with the exception of the 
President, all believe that the testimonial to Mrs. Potter as printed 
in the minutes is in the same words as it was read by Mrs. Kelley 
at the public meeting; and the Board, including the President, are 
unanimously convinced that it is the same as the written testimonial 
handed to the Recording Secretary by Mrs. Kelley, and taken down 
at the time by the Recording Secretary and the Stenographer and 
read several times to the Convention by Mrs. Stewart in the minutes, 
without challenge." 

The meeting of the Board was adjourned. 

October 19th. 

Minutes read and approved. 

On motion of Miss Blackwell work was resumed on the Con- 
stitution. 

Societies now auxiliary to State Associations shall not be eligible 
to direct membership in the National unless they have been refused 
auxiliaryship by their own State Association. 

Miss Clay moved to strike out "Enrollment" in By-law III. 
Seconded. Lost. 

Moved by Miss Blackwell that the Official Board submit to the 
Executive Committee a unanimous recommendation of the following 
amendments to the proposed amendments:* 



♦For revisions proposed three months previous to the Convention, 
according to the requirements of the Constitution, see page 



170 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

f5j% Article I. 

Name. 
The name of this Association shall be the National Woman 
Suffrage Association. 

Article II. 

Object. 
The object of this Association shall be to secure protection, in 
their right to vote, to the women citizens of the United States, by 
appropriate National and State legislation. 

Article III. 

Members. 

Section 1. All persons subscribing to this Constitution and pay- 
ing not less than one dollar annually into the Treasury of this Asso- 
ciation, shall be called contributing members thereof, and shall be en- 
titled to attend all its meetings, to participate in all discussions that 
may arise, and to receive reports and other documents published by it. 

Sec. 2. Any State Woman Suffrage organization, or any other 
Suffrage organization of not less than 300 members, may become 
auxiliary to the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and 
thus secure representation in the Annual Convention by paying an- 
nually into its Treasury, ten cents per member. Societies now 
auxiliary to. our State Associations shall not be eligible to direct 
membership in the National unless they shall be refused auxiliaryship 
in their States. 

Sec. 3. Any National Suffrage Association may become auxiliary 
to the National American Woman Suffrage Association upon the ap- 
proval of two-thirds of the Executive Committee, and the payment 
of ten cents per member into the National Treasury. It shall then 
be entitled to representation in the National Convention upon the 
same basis as State Associations. 

Sec. 4. The payment of fifty dollars ($50) into the Treasury shall 
constitute a Life Member of the Association, entitled to attend all 
its public meetings, to participate in all discussions, and receive re- 
ports and other documents -published by it, but not entitled to vote. 

Sec. 5. The persons entitled to vote at the Annual Convention 
shall be the general officers, ex-Presidents of this Association, Chair- 
men of the Standing Committees, the State Presidents and State 
members of the National Executive Committee, and one delegate for 
every one hundred paid-up members, and for every fraction of one 
hundred. State organizations having not less than one hundred mem- 
bers shall have but one representative in the Annual Convention and 
in the Executive Committee, such representative to be the President 
of the organization. 

Sec. 6. Individuals may become co-operating members of the N. 
A. W. S. A. by the payment of $1.00. 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 171 

Sec. 7. National organizations may become affiliated members of 
the N. A. W. S. A. on approval of two-thirds of the National Execu- 
tive Committee and upon payment of $10.00 annual dues — these af- 
filiated organizations to be entitled to one delegate only. 

Article IV. 

Officers. 
Section 1. The officers of the Association shall be a President, 
two Vice-Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secre- 
tary, a Treasurer, two Auditors, and the Editor of the official organ. 
Sec. 2. Presidents of auxiliary State organizations shall be ex- 
officio Vice-Presidents. 

Article V. 

Duties of Officers. 

Section 1. The general officers, viz.: the President, two Vice- 
Presidents, Recording and Corresponding Secretaries, Treasurer, two 
Auditors, and the Editor of the official organ, shall constitute a Board 
of General Officers, to supervise the general interests of the work in 
the interim of the annual meetings. Five members shall constitute 
a quorum, or a majority may act by correspondence. Special meet- 
ings may be called by the President and must be called when re- 
quested by three members of the Board. 

Sec. 2. Presidents of auxiliary State organizations to such office. 

Sec. 3. The Vice-Presidents shall perform all the duties of the 
President in case of the President's absence or disability. 

Sec. 4. The Recording Secretary shall keep a correct record of 
the proceedings, and perform all the other duties usual to such office. 

Sec. 5. The Corresponding Secretary shall conduct all corres- 
pondence of the organization, and shall secure from the Correspond- 
ing Secretary of each auxiliary State Association a report of its 
work. 

Sec. 6. The Treasurer shall keep an accurate account of receipts 
and disbursements, shall send a monthly summary to the members 
of the Board, and shall present a detailed report at each annual 
meeting. The Treasurer shall pay no bills of the general Associa- 
tion except on order of the President and Recording Secretary, but 
may disburse the funds of the Standing Committees when directed 
to do so by an authorized person on the Committee without the sig- 
nature of the President and Recording Secretary. The Treasurer 
shall provide the State Associations with blank credentials for dele- 
gates to the annual meetings, and shall be ex-officio Chairman of 
the Committee on Credentials. The books of the Treasurer must 
close four weeks before the Annual Convention, and the Treasurer's 
report shall be read at the second business meeting of the Annual 
Convention. 

Sec. 7. The Auditors shall examine and verify the books of the 
Treasurer, and shall give a report thereof at each annual meeting. 



172 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Article VI. 

Executive Committee. 

Section 1. The Executive Committee shall consist of the General 
Officers, the President of each State organization and other auxiliary, 
and, in addition, one member from each State organization having 
one hundred or more members, together with the Chairmen of 
Standing and Special Committees; of these officers fifteen shall con- 
stitute a quorum for the transaction of business. 

Sec. 2. The Executive Committee of this Association shall hold 
one session preceding the opening of each Annual Convention, and 
another at its close. 

Sec. 3. The decision reached by the Executive Committee at its 
pre-Convention session shall be presented in the form of recommenda- 
tions at the business sessions of the Convention. 

Sec. 4. A majority of the Executive Committee shall act by cor- 
respondence upon any matter referred to it by the Board. 

Sec. 5. The Executive Committee may elect as Honorary Vice- 
President distinguished adherents of the cause of Woman Suffrage 
who are removed from active work. 

The Official Board recommends that the proposed amendment 
to Articles VII and VIII be amended so as to read as follows: 

Article VII. 

Election of Officers. 

Section 1. The General Officers of this Association shall be 
elected on the last day, but one of the annual meeting. They shall 
be nominated by an informal ballot. The three persons receiving the 
highest number of votes for any office shall be considered nominees, 
and the election be decided by a formal ballot. The result of the 
formal ballot for the preceding officer nominated shall be announced 
before taking the informal ballot for th'e next. 

Sec. 2. The terms of the general officers shall expire at the end 
of the last session of the Convention, and the terms of the newly 
elected officers shall commence with the session of the Executive 
Committee held at the close of the Convention. 

Sec. 3. The Board of General Officers may fill any vacancy on 
that Board which may occur during the year. 

Sec. 4. In the election of officers, the delegates present from each 
State may cast the full vote to which that State is entitled. The 
vote shall be taken in the same way upon any other question, 
whenever the delegates present from five States request it. In other 
cases each delegate shall have one vote. 

Article VIII. 

This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting, after one day's notice in the Convention, notice of 
the proposed amendment having been given to the Board of General 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 173 

Officers, which notice said officers shall publish in the official organ 
twice, the first time not less than three months in advance of the 
Convention. 



BY-LAWS. 
By-Law 1. 

Annual Convention. 

Section 1. This Association shall hold an Annual Convention of 
regularly elected delegates for the election of officers and the trans- 
action of business. An annual meeting may be held in Washington, 
D. C, during the first session of each Congress. 

Sec. 2. In the absence of State President or State Member of 
the Executive Committee, the delegation from that State may elect 
a proxy by ballot. 

Sec. 3. A State Association, having no delegates present, shall not 
give a proxy to a person from another State. 

Sec. 4. Any organization whose dues are unpaid on the closing of 
the Treasurer's books shall lose its vote in the Convention for that 
year. 

Sec. 5. Delegates must present credentials signed by the Presi- 
dent and Recording Secretary of their respective States. 

By-Law II. 

The Committee on Resolutions shall consist of one person from 
each State, elected by its delegation, and also a Chairman to be 
elected by the Executive Committee. 

By-Law III. 

Section 1. After each Annual Convention the Board of General 
Officers shall elect the following Standing Committees: A Com- 
mittee on Programme, oi which the President shall be Chairman, to 
arrange the programme for the next annual meeting; a Congressional 
Committee, to have in charge the direct Congressional work; Com- 
mittee on Literature, Press Work, Enrollment, Presidential Suffrage, 
Local Arrangements, and Railroad Rates. 

Sec. 2. The President shall appoint, during each Annual Conven- 
tion, a Committee on Resolutions, consisting of five members, who 
shall report to the Resolution Committee at the next Annual Con- 
vention, and Executive Committee shall elect from itself a Member- 
ship Committee, which shall pass upon the qualifications applying 
for auxiliaryship. 

Sec. 3. Special Committee may be elected by the Board of Gen- 
eral Officers. 



174 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

By-Law IV. 

The annual report prepared by the Secretary of each State As- 
sociation, and approved by the President of the Association, must be 
read as written, and any alterations must be made from the floor in 
open Convention. 

By-Law V. 

The Treasurer of the Association shall give bond in such sum as 
shall cover the funds in her charge. 

By-Law VI. 

These By-Laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting, one day's notice having been given in Convention. 

Upon the proposed amendment contained in Article V of the 
report of the Constitution Revision Committee, the Official Board was 
divided and no recommendation was made. 

3.00 P. M. 

Correspondence from Indiana laid before the Board. 

Situation in Indiana outlined. 

Mrs. Stewart moved the matter to be postponed to the post- 
Convention Board meetings. Carried. 

Letters from Maryland Woman Suffrage Association and from 
Mrs. Ellicott read. 

Mrs. Wilson was admitted and informed of the action of the 
Board with reference to the Maryland Equal Franchise League. 

The question of headquarters was taken up. 

Miss Blackwell asked what are the financial prospects for sup- 
porting headquarters in New York. 

Miss Clay spoke on increased cost. An informal discussion. 

1907 $6,606.48 

1908 6,161.97 

1909 6,592.29 

June, 1910 2,219.92 

3,599.90 
Mrs. McCulloch moved to reconsider the motion passed yester- 
day relative to the seating of the Baltimore Equal Suffrage League. 

Miss Ashley moved, and it was carried to substitute the follow- 
ing resolution for resolution adopted yesterday. 

"Whereas, the Equal Suffrage League of Baltimore, one of the 
Auxiliaries of the Maryland Woman Suffrage Association offered 
its annual dues to the Maryland Equal Suffrage Association in 
proper time and such dues were refused, and, whereas, the Equal 
Suffrage League of Baltimore has paid to the National Treasurer 
its dues before January 1, 1911, with the request that delegates rep- 
resenting the Maryland Suffragists whose dues it paid be seated as 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 175 

delegates in the National Convention as part of the delegation from 
Maryland, and in addition to the eligible delegates sent by the Mary- 
land Woman Suffrage Association; therefore, we instruct the Cre- 
dentials Committee to accept the credentials of the eligible delegates 
from the Equal Suffrage League of Baltimore in accordance with 
their request." 

It was moved and carried to adjourn. 

Board met pursuant to adjournment. All members present. The 
President in the Chair. 

Miss Blackwell moved to recommend to the Executive Com- 
mittee a correspondent from the United States to Jus Suffragii. Mo- 
tion carried. 

Woman's Journal question taken up, on vote. 

Mrs. Dennett moved that the Board recommend to the Conven- 
tion the continuation of the Woman's Journal as the national organ. 
Motion carried. 

Miss Blackwell spoke on Convention Resolutions. 

Miss Blackwell moved that we continue the work of securing 
resolutions from conventions. Carried. 

Mrs. Dennett moved that an immediate inquiry be made of the 
proper people to ascertain whether there is still any opportunity 
open to secure the right of women to act as electors in case of the 
passage of the amendment providing for the direct election of United 
States Senators, and that the Board recommend the adoption of 
the policy of working for this amendment. Carried. 

Mrs. Dennett asked appropriation for Suffrage supplies, not 
literature. 

It was moved and carried. 

Recommend liberal appropriation for supplies, to stock up. 

Mrs. Stewart moved a vote of thanks to Miss Ashley for loan 
to Association to meet the Woman's Journal deficit. Carried. 

Miss Clay moved that when the Bates legacy comes into the 
treasury that it be applied on outstanding obligations, reported by 
Miss Ashley. Carried. 

Moved by Miss Ashley that Mrs. McCulloch be authorized to 
inquire of the Dickinson heirs as to the possibility of their buying 
the interest of the National Woman Suffrage Association. Carried. 

Moved by Mrs. McCulloch that the consideration of the work 
in Oregon and Nevada be postponed indefinitely. Carried. 

On motion, the Board adjourned. 

Sunday Morning, October 22nd. 

The Board was called to meet delegations from some of the 
campaign states. 

Miss Ada James, President of the Wisconsin Political Party 
League, and Mrs. Norah Perkins Jeanson, proxy for the President 



176 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

of the Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association, were admitted to 
discuss the Wisconsin situation. Miss Blackwell moved, and it was 
carried, that dealings between the National and the Wisconsin Suf- 
fragists be conducted through the Co-operative Committee. On mo- 
tion of Mrs. McCulloch, the Board voted to recommend to the Co- 
operative Committee the consolidation of the Headquarters at 1016 
Wells Building, Milwaukee. The following offer was signed by the 
two representatives. 

"If the N. A. W. S. A. will help the Wisconsin campaign, we 
recommend that such help be given directly through the Co-operative 
Committee of the Wisconsin W. S. A. and the Wisconsin P. E. L., 
and we representing these two organizations agree that the respective 
Presidents of these organizations will not be on the Committee." 

The following resolution was then adopted: 

"Whereas, The Representatives of the Wisconsin W. S. A. and of 
the Wisconsin P. E. L. recommend to the National that the National 
give its help to the Wisconsin campaign through the Co-operative 
Committee of these two organizations, and such as may afterward be 
admitted, and these Representatives agree that the Presidents of the 
said two organizations shall not be upon the Co-operative Committee, 
be it 

"Resolved, That we will give our assistance to the Wisconsin 
compaign through the Co-operative Committee." 

Mrs. Boyer was next admitted to say on what conditions she 
would undertake work in the Kansas campaign. 

Mrs. Hoffman and Mrs. Johnson were next received. It was 
decided that action should be deferred until the Kansas women could 
confer with Mrs. Boyer. 

Adjournment. 



MINUTES OF THE EXECUTIVE MEETING, 

Thursday Evening, October 19th, 1911 

The Executive Committee of the N. A. W. S. A. met in the Red 
Room of the Seelbach Hotel, Louisville, Thursday evening, October 
19, 1911. 

The meeting was called to order by the President, Anna H. Shaw. 

On motion of Miss Clay, the printed program was adopted as 
the order of the day. 

After Roll Call by the Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. McCulloch 
moved and it was carried that reporters be allowed to remain. 

The recommendations of the Board were read. A motion of 
Miss Mills prevailed that the Executive Committee recommend to 
the Convention all the proposals of the Official Board. 

The "compromise" Constitution of the Official Board was read, 
and considered seriatum. Articles I and II were accepted. Mrs. 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 177 

French moved to substitute the word fifty for three hundred in 
Section 2. 

A two-minute time limit was adopted. 

Miss Mills moved to amend Mrs. French's motion by substituting 
500 for 50. 

The vote being called resulted in a vote of 22 for the amend- 
ment to 17 against. 

The amendment to substitute 500 for 300 was lost. 

It was moved and carried to adjourn. 

The Forty-third Annual Convention of the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association was called to order in DeMolay Com- 
mandery Hall, Louisville, Kentucky, October 20, 1911, at 10 a. m., by 
the President, Dr. Anna H. Shaw. 

After appropriate opening remarks and some announcements the 
President introduced Miss Laura Clay, the President of the Kentucky 
Equal Rights Association, who extended a cordial welcome to the 
delegates on behalf of the Kentucky Association. 

Mrs. Catharine Waugh McCulloch, of Illinois, first Vice-Presi- 
dent, responded to the address of welcome, on behalf of the delegates. 

The following Convention Committees were announced by the 
Chair: 

On Courtesies: Chairman, Miss Mary J. Lafron, Louisville. 

Credentials: Chairman, Miss Jessie Ashley, Treasurer; Mrs. Susan 
Fitzgerald, Massachusetts; Miss Elizabeth Pope, New York; Dr. 
Sarah M. Sievers, Ohio; Miss Frances Wills, California. 

The Chair stated that inasmuch as there are so many requests to 
distribute literature and take subscriptions or sell articles that a 
committee would be appointed to which all such requests should be 
referred and named as this committee: Mrs. Catharine Waugh Mc- 
Culloch, First Vice-President; Mrs. J. B. Judah, and Mrs. John B. 
Castle. 

Mr. Omar E. Garwood, of Colorado, was introduced as a delegate 
from Colorado, and the Secretary of the Men's Defense League of 
the Woman of Colorado, a league of Colorado men which has been or- 
ganized to defend Equal Suffrage and refute the misrepresentations 
of the workings of Equal Suffrage in Colorado. Mr. Garwood spoke 
briefly. 

Miss Patty Blackburn Semple, the President of the Louisville 
Woman's Club, was introduced and gave a most sympathetic welcome 
to the Convention to Louisville, and extended an invitation to the 
Convention to a tea at the rooms of the Club at five o'clock Monday 
afternoon. 

Mrs. Ben Hardin Helm, sister of Mrs. Abraham Lincoln, was in- 
troduced and expressed her interest and sympathy in the work of 
the Suffrage Association. 

Mrs. Alexander Pope Humphrey was presented and extended an 



178 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

invitation to delegates and visitors to a reception at her home, "True- 
castle," this afternoon. 

The report of the recommendations of the Executive Committee 
was read as follows: 

1. That the date of the next National Convention be in November, 
between Election and Thanksgiving. 

2. That all contributions for campaigns (outside the campaign 
States themselves) be sent through the National Treasury, this money 
to be expended according to the instruction of donors. 

3. That the officers of any campaign State, auxiliary to the 
National, be permitted to solicit funds through the Woman's Journal, 
provided the appeals are brief. 

4. The appointment of a correspondent from the United States 
to Jus Suffragii. 

5. The continuation of the Woman's Journal as the national 
organ. 

6. The continuation of the work of securing Suffrage resolutions 
from Conventions. 

7. That an immediate inquiry be made of the proper people to 
ascertain whether there is still any opportunity open to secure the 
right of women to act as electors in case of the passage of the 
sixteenth amendment providing for the direct election of United 
States Senators, and that the Board recommend the adoption of the 
policy of working for this amendment. 

8. A liberal appropriation to stock up with Suffrage supplies, 
other than literature, such as posters, pennants, badges, etc., etc. 

9. That steps be taken to improve the opportunity for a Suffrage 
campaign which the situation in New Hampshire presents. 

10. That speakers be provided for each of the two organizations 
in Wisconsin. 

11. Recommendations of Mrs. Boyer to work in Kansas, if Kansas 
Suffragists desire her. 

12. Consideration, work in Oregon, Nevada, postponed; inasmuch 
as no formal requests have yet been made. 

13. The report of the Committee on Presidential suffrage was 
given by Miss Elizabeth U. Yates and the report was adopted. 

The Chair stated that Dr. Mary D. Hussey, whose report on en- 
rollment was the next in order, was detained at home by the illness 
of her father. A telegram of sympathy was ordered sent. 

The report of the Literature Committee, Myra H. Hartshorn, 
Chairman, was called for, but without response. 

The report of the auditors was given as follows: We have ex- 
amined the books and vouchers of the National Treasurer, and we find 
the accounts correct. Laura Clay, Alice Stone Blackwell, Auditors. 

The report was adopted. 

The report of the Treasurer was presented by Jessie Ashley, 
National Treasurer. 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 179 

Miss Gordon moved and it was carried that the report be ac- 
cepted, exclusive of the arguments contained in it. 

The motion prevailed. 

The report of the Corresponding Secretary was presented by Mrs. 
Mary Ware Dennett, and on motion of Mrs. Laddey, of New Jersey, 
the report was adopted with thanks. 

Miss Caroline I. Reilly gave the report of the Press Bureau. 

A motion prevailed that this report be adopted, with a vote of 
thanks. 

After announcements by the Chairman of Courtesies, Miss Agnes 
Ryan, of the Woman's Journal, was introduced by the Chair, and 
gave her report as Business Manager, which was adopted with 
thanks and enthusiasm. 

Moved and carried to adjourn. 

2:30 P. M. 

The Convention was called to order, the President in the Chair. 

The minutes of the morning session were read and approved. 

The Chair read a letter of greeting from Mrs. Stubbs, wife of 
the Governor of Kansas. 

The discussion of the topic, "The Proper Function of the Na- 
tional," was led by Dr. Anna E. Blount, of Chicago, and Miss M. 
Cary Thomas, of Pennsylvania, a two-minute time limit being an- 
nounced by the Chair to govern the general discussion. 

Miss Florence Dwight, of Pasadena, California, was appointed 
time-keeper. 

Those taking part in the discussion were Mrs. McClelland 
Brown, Mrs. Mary Ware Dennett, Miss Agnes Ryan, Dr. Sarah 
Sievers, Mrs. Susan Fitzgerald, Mrs. French, Dr. Hurd, and Laura 
White. 

Dr. Blount, of Illinois, announced her instruction as head of the 
Illinois delegation, to urge the removal of National Headquarters to 
Chicago, and gave notice that she would later make the motion. 

Miss Caroline Lowe was introduced as the Fraternal Delegate 
from the Woman's National Committee of the Socialist Party, and 
Miss Alice Henry bore the fraternal geetings of the National 
Woman's Trade Union League of America. 

A telegram of greeting was read from Mrs. Caroline Meriweather 
Goddlott, of Nashville, founder of the Daughters of the Confederacy. 

The revision to the Constitution recommended by the Executive 
Committee was taken up, and Article I, Name; Article II, Object, 
were adopted. 

On motion consideration of Section 1 and Section 2 of Article 
III were postponed. 

Sections 3, 4, and 5 were adopted as read, with the exception of 
the word "not" in the fourth from the last line of Section 5, the 
Chair stating that this was a typographical error. 

The time for adjournment having arrived, Dr. Sievers moved, and 



180 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

it was carried, that when we adjourn to 9:30 to-morrow morning, to 
select the seats of the delegations. 

Saturday Morning, October 21st. 

The Convention was called to order at 10:00 a. m., the President, 
Dr. Anna H. Shaw, in the Chair. 

The minutes of the preceding session were read, and after cor- 
rection, approved. 

An announcement was read of the annual meeting of the College 
Equal Suffrage League, in the Seelbach Hotel, at 10 o'clock, and a 
luncheon of college and professional women at the hotel at noon, 
Dr. Thomas acting as toast mistress, and the guests of honor being 
Dr. Anna H. Shaw and Miss Jane Addams. 

On motion of Miss Gordon it was ordered that the morning ses- 
sions for the remainder of the Convention open at 9:30 instead of 
10:00, as prescribed by the program. 

The next order of the day was the discussion of the topic, "How 
to Reach the Uninterested," and the members advertised to lead it 
being detained by illness, the Convention, on motion of Miss Gordon, 
voted to devote one-half hour to discussion from the floor. The fol- 
lowing took part in the discussion: 

Miss Kate Gordon, Miss Clay, of Kentucky; Mrs. Somerville, of 
Mississippi; Mrs. Jenks, of New Hampshire; Dr. Hurd and Mrs. 
Nelson, of Minnesota; Miss Dye, of Indiana; Mrs. Valentine, of Vir- 
ginia; Mrs. Lowe, of Missouri; Miss Winsor, of Pennsylvania; Mrs. 
Dennett; Miss Bower, of South Dakota; Mrs. Leach, of Indiana; Mrs. 
Fenquay, of Oklahoma, and Mrs. Laddey, of New Jersey. 

The report of South Dakota was given by Miss Rose Bower, in 
the absence of the President. 

Miss Laura Clay, President, reported for the Kentucky Equal 
Rights Association. 

Mrs. Ella S. Stewart, President of the Illinois Equal Suffrage 
Association, reported the work of that State. 

No one being present from Colorado, that State was passed. 

Miss Brackinridge, of San Antonio, Texas, was introduced and 
spoke of the Texas situation. 

In the absence of the President of Iowa, Miss Carrie Burkhardt 
made a brief, informal report. 

Mrs. Mary Sperry, of California, having just arrived, was called 
to the platform and introduced as the former President of California 
and former National officer. Mrs. Sperry spoke briefly, as did also 
Mrs. Roderick Ringrose, Mrs. Rose French, the providers and dis- 
pensers of three million pages of California campaign literature; Miss 
Frances Wills, of Los Angeles; Miss Florence Dwight, of Pasadena; 
Mrs. Mary D. Fisk, and Mr. J. H. Braly. 

The report of Louisiana was given by its President, Miss Kate 
Gordon. 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 181 

The Connecticut report was read by Mrs. Grace Gallatin Seton, 
proxy for the President. 

The further report of California was given by Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lowe Watson, the President. 

Inasmuch as Mrs. Johnson, the President of Kansas Suffrage 
Association, was obliged to leave the Convention to-day, her report 
was allowed to be presented out of its order. 

Mrs. Johnson was introduced by the Chair as the wife of Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court, as well as State President, and spoke 
of the situation in Kansas. 

The preliminary report of the Credentials Committee was pre- 
sented Miss Jessie Ashley, reporting credentials from 95 delegates. 

After the report on representation from Minnesota, reporting 
three delegates present out of the six entitled, Miss Emily Dobbin 
presented a protest from the St. Paul Political Equality League, at the 
exclusion of herself and other members of the Minnesota Associa- 
tion from the delegation. 

It was moved by Mrs. Leech and seconded that the adjudication 
of the Minnesota affair be placed in the hands of the legal adviser 
and that they abide by her decision. 

Miss Gordon moved as an amendment that the report of the 
legal adviser be made to the Convention. 

The motion as thus amended prevailed. 

The preliminary report of the Credentials Committee was adopted. 

The Conference on Propaganda was opened with an address by 
Miss Mary Winsor, of Philadelphia, continued by Mrs. Grace Gal- 
latin Seton until time for adjournment. 

On motion the further discussion was postponed until the after- 
noon session. 

Moved and carried to adjourn. 

2:45 P. M. 

The Convention was called to order at 2:45 p. m., the Second 
Vice-President, Miss Gordon, in the Chair. 

The minutes of the preceding session were read and approved. 

The conference on propaganda was continued with Mrs. Susan 
Fitzgerald as Speaker. 

Mrs. A. M. Harrison, Fraternal Delegate from the Federation 
of Women's Clubs, was introduced and bore greetings of the Fed- 
eration. 

Mrs. Feuquay, proxy for the President, gave the report of Okla- 
homa. 

A motion of Mrs. McCormick, of Massachusetts, to postpone the 
further reports of States and take up the consideration of the Con- 
stitution was lost. 

The report of the Missouri Association was given by Mrs. 
Robert M. Atkinson, President. 



182 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

The report of Nebraska was given by Miss Mary Williams, 
proxy for the President. 

The report of New Hampshire was given by Mrs. Agnes M. 
Jenks, proxy for the President. 

The report of Minnesota was read by Miss Emily C. Dobbin, 
retiring President. 

On motion the proposed amendments to the Constitution were 
taken up. 

Mrs. Lida Calvert Obenchain, author of "Aunt Jane of Kentucky," 
was introduced. 

A motion of Miss Hifton that the discussion of the proposed 
amendments be postponed until Monday was lost. 

Miss Ashley made a point of order on the procedure of the 
adoption of the Constitution as follows: That the amendments to the 
Constitution published in the Woman's Journal in compliance with the 
article on revision should be the amendments before us and those 
recommended by the Board should be presented as substitute amend- 
ments. The Chair sustained the point. 

On motion of Miss Clay, Sec. I, Article III, was stricken out. 

On motion Section 2 was adopted. 

It was moved by Dr. Blount and seconded, that the words 300 in 
Section 2 be changed to 500. 

On motion of Miss Clay the two-minute limit was construed to 
apply to the recommendations of the Board only. 

After discussion the vote was taken and resulted as follows: 
Yeas, 50; nays, 57; and the amendment was lost. 

The motion of Dr. Sarah Sievers to change the 10 cents to 25 
cents membership dues was lost. 

Section 7, Article III, was adopted. Article IV, V, and Section 1, 
Article VI were adopted. 

At this point Mrs. Hall, of Minnesota raised a point of order 
that the motions on adoption had been declared carried on a majority 
vote, instead of two-thirds, as prescribed by the Constitution. 

The Chair stated that the point was well taken, and that the 
previous actions on the amendments to the Constitution were illegal. 
A motion to ratify was carried unanimously, by viva voca vote. 

Sections 2, 3 and 4 of Article VI were adopted. 

Sections 1, 2, 3 and 4 of Article VII were adopted. 

Miss Thomas moved as an amendment to Article VIII that in- 
stead of having the amendment to the Constitution published in our 
official organ six weeks before, we adopt the usual form in legislative 
bodies and have an amendment moved in one Convention to have it 
acted upon in the next. Motion seconded by Miss Mills. Motion lost. 

Article VIII was adopted. 

Mrs. Dennett read the amendment proposed by the Revision 
Committee on which the Official Board and the Executive Committee 
had made no recommendation, as follows: "The Executive Board 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 183 

shall meet at least once a month except during the months of July 
and August." She moved the adoption of the amendment. 

Miss Gillette moved and it was carried that the consideration of 
this question be postponed until Monday. 

It was moved and carried to adjourn. 

Monday Morning, October 23d. 
9:55 A. M. 

The Convention was called to order by the President. 

The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved. 

A telegram of affectionate sympathy and greeting was ordered 
sent to Mrs. Susan Look Avery, of Louisville, prevented from at- 
tendance at our Convention by the death of her son. 

The legal adviser, Mrs. McCulloch, reported that the protest 
concerning the seating of the Minnesota delegation has been with- 
drawn and the matter happily adjusted, and there would be no occa- 
sion for further action. 

Dr. Blount moved that the Conference on Political District Or- 
ganization be postponed and that the amendments to the Constitu- 
tion be considered. 

Mrs. Dennett renewed her motion of Saturday afternoon that 
Section 2 of Article V, of the Constitution proposed by the Revision 
Committee, reading "The Executive Board shall meet at least once a 
month, except during the months of July and August," be added to 
Section 1, Article V. Mrs. Fitzgerald seconded the motion. 

Mrs. McCormick moved and it was carried that the discussion be 
limited to three minutes to each speaker. 

After remarks by Mrs. Trout, Mrs. Jenks, Mrs. McCormick and 
Dr. Blount, Mrs. Steinem moved that the amendment be laid on the 
table. 

The yeas and nays being taken, showed the vote to be 67 for and 
53 against, and the motion prevailed. 

The by-laws were next considered. 

By-laws I and II were adopted as recommended by the Board. 

Miss Clay moved and it was carried that such verbal changes be 
made in the By-laws as shall bring them into harmony with the 
adopted sections of the Constitution. 

Miss Pope moved and it was seconded to add to the list of 
Standing Committees a Committee on Credentials. The motion 
was lost. 

By-law III was adopted as recommended by the Board. 

It was moved by Mrs. Dennett and seconded by Mrs. Stewart 
that By-law IV be stricken out. 

It was moved and seconded to "amend by substituting that the 
official report presented by any auxiliary to the National Associa- 
tion shall be printed in the minutes as authorized by the President 
and Secretary of that auxiliary. 



184 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

The mover and seconder agreed and the motion prevailed. 
Mrs. Fitzgerald asked that the amendment of Mrs. Dennett on 
Section 2, Article V (Revisions) be taken from the table. 
Mrs. Steinem so moved and it was carried. 

Miss Mills presented a request from five States: New York, 
Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Maine and Connecticut that the vote 
on this question be taken by delegations. 

Mrs. McCulloch moved and it was carried that these delegations 
be polled, to see how many join in this request. 

The roll of delegates being called showed the request unanimous, 
The question was declared before the Convention and was dis- 
cussed by a number of members. 

Mrs. Cothven moved to amend the section so that "two" months 
be substituted for "one" month. 

Mrs. Boyer moved as an amendment "that the Board shall meet 
as often as in the judgment of the majority of its members it is re-* 
quired." 

After discussion Mrs. McCormick moved the previous question on, 
the amendment. The question being raised as to whether it was 
Mrs. Cothven's or Mrs. Boyer's amendment, the Chair ruled that Mrs^ 
Boyer's amendment had received no second, and was not before the 
Convention. 

The vote being taken on the previous question relating to amend- 
ment offered by Mrs. Cothven was carried, 203.2 to 71.8 and a vote 
by delegations was taken on the amendment to substitute two months, 
for one month. 

Vote by State. 
Entitled. For. Against 

California 11 8.2 2.8 

Connecticut 6 6 

Colorado 

Delaware 

District of Columbia . . 4 

Illinois 13 

Indiana 1 1 

Iowa 9 . . 9 

Kentucky 14 2 8 

Louisiana . . 10 

Maine .. 4 

Maryland 18 

Massachusetts 20 

Michigan 2 2 

Minnesota 1 5 

Missouri 3 1 

Mississippi •• 1 

Nebraska .. 7 

New Hampshire 6 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 



185 



Vote by State. 
Entitled. For. Against 

New Jersey 8 

New York kr 


Ohio 




1 
5 


Oklahoma 




Pennsylvania 




South Dakota 

Tennessee 




•• 


Rhode Island 




4 


Wisconsin 




Vermont 






Virginia 




6 


West Virginia 

F. E. R 




Officers 




1 


Committee Chairman 

Committee Chairman 





203.2 71.8 

Moved that when we adjourn we adjourn to meet immediately 
after luncheon and take up the election of officers. Motion lost. 
Adjourned. 

The protest concerning the seating of the Minnesota delegation 
was referred to the Legal Adviser. Having discovered no evidence 
of such illegality in the election as would change the result, I was 
about to advise that the Report of the Credential Committee in seat- 
ing this delegation be not criticised, but as the Protest has now been 
withdrawn and the matter happily adjusted I have to report that we 
have no reason for taking any further action. 

Monday Afternoon, October 23d. 

The meeting was called to order by the President. 

The minutes of the previous session were read and approved. 

On motion of Miss Thomas, the previous question (amendment 
to Constitution offered by Mrs. Dennett as amended by Mrs. Cothven, 
substituting two months for one) was ordered and the vote by dele- 
gations was taken on the motion, as amended, pending adjourn- 
ment. 

The vote was as follows: 

Yes. No. 

California H 

Connecticut 6 

District of Columbia 4 

Illinois 13 

Indiana 1 



186 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Yes. No. 

Iowa 9 

Kentucky 2 11 

Louisiana 10 

Maine 4 

Maryland 18 

Massachusetts 20 

Michigan 4 

Minnesota 6 

Missouri 4 

Mississippi 1 

Nebraska 7 

New Hampshire 6 

New Jersey 8 

New York 56 

Ohio 10 

Oklahoma 5 

Pennsylvania 13 

Rhode Island 4 

South Dakota 4 

Tennessee 1 

Virginia 1 

Wisconsin ' 1 

College Suffrage League 26 

Officers 3 5 

Committee Chairmen 2 1 

192 89 

Being more than a two-thirds vote, the amendment prevailed. 

On motion, the Convention proceeded to the election of officers. 

Elinor Garrison was appointed as head of the counting tellers. 
Other tellers were appointed as follows: 

Mrs. Rostrum, of Virginia; Dr. Harriet Ward, of Illinois; Alice 
Jenkins, of the District of Columbia; Mrs. Behrens, of Ohio; Mrs. 
Alice M. Boutwell, of Michigan; Miss Carrie Burkhardt, of Iowa; 
Mary C. Cramer, of Kentucky; Frances Wills, of California. 

The report of the Credentials Committee was given, showing out 
of a possible attendance of 297 there were 133 delegates present. 

Mrs. Tindall moved, and it was carried, that the Constitution as 
amended, be adopted as a whole. 

The report of the Maine Association was given by the President, 
Mrs. Fannie J. Fernald. 

Miss Harriet May Mills, President of New York, reported for that 
State. 

Mrs. Clara Laddey, President, gave the report of the New Jersey 
Association. 

The tellers reported the informal ballot on President as follows: 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 187 

Total vote cast, 266, of which Anna H. Shaw received 210, Miss 
Gordon, 6; Caroline Bartlett Crane, 1; Catharine W. McCulloch, 37; 
Laura Clay, 12. 

On motion of Mrs. McCulloch the Secretary cast the vote of 
Convention for Miss Shaw. 

A letter of greeting was read from Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt, 
written from Kimberly, South Africa. 

Miss Mills moved, and it was carried, that a letter be sent by the 
Secretary to Mrs. Catt, expressing the love and good wishes of the 
Convention and regrets at her absence. 

The report of the Ohio Association was given by the retiring 
President, Pauline Steinem. 

The informal ballot on First Vice-President was declared as 

follows: T ... 

Jane Addams 196 

Laura Clay 84 

Dr. Anna Blount 1 

On motion of Miss Clay, the Secretary was instructed to cast the 
ballot for Miss Addams, and she was declared elected. 

Miss Elizabeth U. Yates gave the report of Rhode Island. 
Mrs. Fitzgerald, proxy for the President, gave the Massachusetts 
report. 

Mrs. Mary D. Fisk gave an address on Political District Organiza- 
tion. 

The Tellers reported the informal vote on Second Vice-Presi- 
dent as follows: 

Miss Sophonisba Breckenridge 165 

Miss Laura Clay 107 

Mrs. Desha Breckenridge 8 

Miss Kate Gordon 1 

Dr. Anna E. Blount 1 

Caroline Bartlett Crane 2 

Mrs. Breckenridge having withdrawn her name, the vote was 
ordered taken on the names of Miss Breckenridge and Miss Clay. 

In answer to the inquiry of Miss Gordon as to whether Miss 

Breckenridge had authorized the use of her name, it was answered 

affirmatively by Mrs. Fitzgerald, Mrs. McCormick and Miss Thomas. 

The report of the Virginia Association was given by Lila Meade 

Valentine. 

Miss Pope explained her plan of subscribing for magazines 
through headquarters. 

The discussion of Political District Organization was continued, 
with Mrs. Caroline Katzenstein as speaker. 

The elective vote on Second Vice-President was reported as 
follows: 

For Miss Sophonisba Breckenridge 166 5-15 

Miss Laura Clay 85 11-15 

and Miss Breckenridge was declared elected. 



188 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Miss Clay moved that, "Inasmuch as the new Constitution does 
not go into effect until the end of this Convention, and as the Con- 
vention has created the office of Editor of the Official Organ, this 
Convention instruct the newly elected Official Board to elect Miss 
Alice Stone Blackwell Editor of the Official Organ immediately upon 
coming into office." The motion prevailed. 

The Corresponding Secretary read a paper of Mrs. Charles 
Farwell Edson, of Los Angeles, on Political District Organization. 

The Wisconsin report was read by Mrs. Jeanson, proxy for the 
President. 

The Tellers reported the informal ballot for Corresponding Sec- 
retary as follows: 

Mrs. Dennett 227 2-5 

Miss M. Carey Thomas 24 

Mrs. Pauline Steinem 6 

Mrs. Stewart 5 

Mrs. Boyer 11 

Mrs. Leach 9 

On motion the Recording Secretary cast the vote of the Con- 
vention for Mrs. Dennett, and she was declared elected. 

The report of the informal ballot for Recording Secretary was 
given : 

Mrs. Susan Fitzgerald 184 

Mrs. Pauline Steinem 68 

Mrs. Stewart 10 

Mrs. Boyer 9 

Miss Clay 1 

On motion of Mrs. Steinem the Convention instructed the Sec- 
retary to cast its vote for Mrs. Fitzgerald, and the vote was cast. 

The State President of Maryland being absent, Mrs. Wilson gave 
a short verbal report of Suffrage work in that State. 

The report of the Committee on Church Work was not read, as 
the Chairman was absent. 

Mrs. Agnes M. Jenks spoke on the New Hampshire Constitu- 
tional Convention. 

The report of Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead of the Committee on 
Peace and Arbitration was read by Mrs. White. 

The following report was rendered of the informal ballot for 
Treasurer: 

Jessie Ashley 199 

Mrs. Helen Tindall 40 

Dr. Anna E. Blount 15 

Mrs. Elizabeth Watson 9 

Miss Kate Gordon 11 

Miss M. Carey Thomas 1 

Miss Laura Clay 4 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 189 

On motion of Mrs. Tindall, the Secretary was instructed to cast 
the vote of the Convention for Miss Ashley, and the vote was cast. 
The report of the College Equal Suffrage League was called for, 
and Miss Thomas yielded the time. 

The informal ballot on First Auditor was reported as follows: 

Mrs. Belle LaFollette 157 

Miss Laura Clay 122 

In answer to the inquiry of Miss Gordon as to whether any one 
was authorized to say that Mrs. LaFollette was a member of the 
Association and would serve if elected, Miss Thomas stated that Miss 
Fola LaFollette had said that her mother was a member, and if 
elected, would serve. 

The elective vote was ordered. 

Mrs. Katharine W. McCormick delivered an address on "The 
Effect of Suffrage Work Upon Women Themselves." 

The Chairman of the Tellers reported the elective ballot for 
First Auditor as follows: 

Mrs. Belle LaFollette 154 11-15 

Miss Laura Clay 120 3-15 

Mrs. James Lees Laidlaw 18 

Mrs. LaFollette was declared elected. 

The informal ballot for Second Auditor was reported as fol- 
lows: 

Mrs. Laidlaw 165 

Miss Clay 102 

Mrs. Valentine 1 

Miss Addams 1 

The elective ballot was ordered and resulted as follows: 

Mrs. Laidlaw 136 

Miss Clay 104 

Mrs. Laidlaw was declared elected. 
Moved and carried to adjourn. 

Tuesday Morning, October 24th. 

The Convention was called to order by the President. 

The minutes of the preceding session were read and approved. 

Miss Gordon moved and it was seconded that "the Correspond- 
ing Secretary send telegrams to Miss Addams, Miss Breckenridge, 
Mrs. LaFollette, and Mrs. Laidlaw, apprising them of their election 
and asking if they would serve." 

Miss Thomas raised a point of order, which was that she had 
stated to the Convention that Miss Addams had told her and the 
President that she would serve if elected. 

The President corroborated this statement and Miss Gordon 
withdrew the name of Miss Addams from her motion. 

And Mrs. Dennett having then asserted that Mrs. Laidlaw had 



190 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



definitely stated her willingness to serve on the National Board if 
she should be elected, Miss Gordon withdrew her name from her 
motion. 

Miss Hifton moved to amend by an insertion in the telegram 
that Board meetings were to be held every two months. Seconded. 
After much discussion, the motion as amended prevailed. 
Miss Thomas moved that the telegram be submitted to the 
Convention. Motion carried. 

On motion of Miss Mills the Convention took up the question 
of the location of headquarters for the coming year. 

The invitation of the Illinois Executive Committee to the Con- 
vention to remove its headquarters to Chicago was voiced by Mrs. 
Grace Wilbur Trout, President of the Chicago Political Equality 
League. 

Mrs. Fitzgerald, on behalf of the delegations from New York, 
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maine and California demanded that 
when the vote is taken it be taken by States, the delegates present 
casting the full voting strength of the State. 

The Corresponding Secretary read to the Convention the telegram 
she had prepared to send to the newly-elected officers. 

On motion of Miss Thomas she was instructed by the Convention 
to add the personnel of the Board in the telegram. 

Dr. Sievers moved and it was seconded that the National Head- 
quarters remain in New York City next year. 

Those discussing the question were Mrs. Boyer, Miss Blackwell, 
Miss Ryan, Mrs. Dennett, Mrs. Kramer, Mrs. Jenks, Mrs. MlcCor- 
mick, Mrs. Feuquay, Miss Gordon, Miss Shaw, Mrs. McCulloch, Dr. 
Blount, Miss Thomas, Mrs. Trout, Mrs. French and others; Mrs. Trout 
early in the discussion withdrew the suggestion of Chicago for this 
year. 

The main question being ordered the roll was called, resulting 
as follows: 

Aye. Nay. 

California 11 

Connecticut 6 

District of Columbia 4 

Illinois 13 

Kentucky 14 

Louisiana 10 

Maine 4 

Maryland 18 

Massachusetts 20 

Michigan 4 

Minnesota 6 

Missouri 4 

Mississippi 

Nebraska 7 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 

Aye. 

New Hampshire 6 

New Jersey 8 

New York 56 

Ohio 10 

Oklahoma 

Pennsylvania 13 

Rhode Island 4 

South Dakota 4 

Tennessee 1 

Utah 

Virginia 5 

Texas 

Wisconsin 1 

West Virginia 

Friends Equal Rights Assn 

College Equal Suffrage Assn 26 

President (yes) 1 

First Vice-President (yes) 1 

Second Vice-President 

Corresponding Secretary (yes) 1 

Recording Secretary 

First Auditor 

Second Auditor (yes) 1 

Committee Local Arrangements 

Press 



191 



Nay. 



259 15 

Miss Margaret Merker was introduced as the oldest Suffragist in 
Louisville, and spoke. 

Fraternal greetings from the Canadian Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion were borne by Mrs. Charles Campbell, of Toronto. 

It was moved and carried to proceed to the consideration of 
financing the Association. 

Miss Ashley presented the needs and asked for pledges. 

The Following Pledged. 

Miss Winsor reported a prospective bazaar and pledged part 
of proceeds. 

Mrs. Hoffman, Kansas, Mrs. W. A. Johnson, life member $50 

Mrs. Stubbs 50 

Mrs. Hoffman 50 

New Jersey, Mrs. Laddey, State pledges 25 

Dr. Hussey 20 

New York, Catharine B. Lewis, of Buffalo, for headquarters... 1,000 

California, Political Equality League of So. Cal 50 

Mrs. Florence Dwight 50 

Massachusetts, Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Assn 500 



192 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Virginia Assn., Woman's Journal, $100, $50 150 

New York, Emily Howland 500 

Tennessee 25 

Maine 50 

Ohio, Ohio Woman Suffrage Association 50 

W. S. Party, Cleveland, O., Mrs. Bacon, niece, Susan B. Anthony 100 

Dr. Sievers, S. B. A. Club, Cincinnati 25 

Ohio, Mrs. Cornelia B. Truehart, membership 50 

Miss Clay, Kentucky E. R. Assn., for Woman's Journal 100 

Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania State Association 100 

Louisiana, Era Club 50 

Louisiana, Kate Gordon, for Woman's Journal 100 

Michigan, Mrs. Huntley Russell, membership 50 

Iowa Association 100 

Mississippi Association, Woman's Journal 25 

Michigan Association, Woman's Journal 25 

P. M. Leakin 25 

Membership 50 

Connecticut Woman Suffrage Association 200 

Delegate, Mr. Taylor 25 

Delegate, Mrs. Taylor 5 

Madge Patton Stevens, membership 50 

Chattanooga Club, to be organized next month 25 

Katharine Weston, Chattanooga 25 

Mrs. Belmont, rent 500 

Mrs. Watson, New York 100 

Cash, Mrs. Demarest, New York 100 

Mrs. Dennett, purchase of literature, tricycle cart 

Miss Thomas, for Edith M. Hooker, Baltimore 1,000 

Nashville, E. S. League 50 

California, Mrs. Sperry, S. B. A. Club, San Francisco 50 

Miss A. S. Hall, Cincinnati, membership, literature 50 

Michigan, for Wisconsin 50 

J. Givens, National Sisterhood Council 25 

Miss Pope, N. Y. College Suffrage Association 50. 

Mrs. Desha Breckenridge, Woman's Journal 25 

Mrs. McCulloch, Wisconsin 100 

Miss Reilly, membership 50 

Miss Inez Mulholland, rent 100 

Mrs. Mackay, headquarters 100 

Chicago Political Equality League, Woman's Journal 50 

Miss Thomas moved that the Finance Committee and the Presi- 
dent of the Association be authorized to appoint one person in each 
State who is willing to solicit $100, subscriptions for the coming year. 
Motion seconded. 

Mrs. Valentine moved to amend the motion to read that the ap- 
pointment of such person be left to the State Presidents and the 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 193 

President of each League which is auxiliary to the State Associa- 
tions. Miss Thomas accepted the amendment, which was seconded 
and carried. 

Mrs. Steinem, for Mrs. Behrens $10 

Mrs. Steinem 15 

Maryland, Eva O. Wilson 10 

Minnesota, Miss Dobbins 10 

Pennsylvania, C. E. S. L 6 

New York, New York State 100 

National Equal Suffrage League, rent 200 

Maryland E. F. League, two ladies, prize for Suffrage song 100 

Mrs. Susan L. Avery, Woman's Journal 100 

Miss Shaw, for anonymous contribution for campaign 3,000 

Mrs. Lustgarten 25 

Mrs. Jenks 10 

Miss Thomas 10 

Mrs. McCormick 10 

Miss Garrett 10 

Eleanor Bowen 5 

Rose Bower 12 

Mrs. Feuquay, Woman's Journal 10 

Miss Mary Johnston, Woman's Journal 100 

Mrs. Fitzgerald, for children 15 

Mrs. Dennett, for children 10 

Mrs. Ringrose, for grandchildren 15 

Mrs. Sperry, for grandchildren 20 

Miss Wills 25 

Mrs. Botherton, of Detroit, $2 for each of 9 children 18 

Mr. Jenks 10 

Mrs. L. W. Jellies, Illinois 5 

Mrs. L. W. Jellies, Wisconsin 5 

Mrs. L. W. Jellies, Woman's Journal 5 

Miss Ryan's brothers 20 

Miss Shaw's grandnieces 100 

Alice T. Jenkins 5 

Mrs. McCulloch, pledge for mother of 11 children for Wis. 22 

Cash, Pennsylvania woman 25 

Anita Ashley, Mrs. Pankhurst's lecture 100 

Agnes Ryan 100 

Nebraska, Miss Williams, Mrs. Marcus Townsend 10 

Mrs. Charles Meredith 10 

Jessie H. Stubbs 10 

Mrs. Schuler 10 

Mrs. Boyer 5 

Laura White 10 

Florence Luscomb 10 

Moved and carried to adjourn. 



194 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

2:30 P. M. 

The Convention was called to order by the President. 

The minutes of the previous session were read and approved 
after the following addition was ordered: Mrs. Boyd asked for a 
ruling from the Chair "as to whether in electing Miss Blackwell as 
Editor of the official organ and instructing the Official Board to elect 
Miss Blackwell as an officer, the Convention was transcending its 
rights?" The Chair stated that "the point is clear that this Con- 
vention has the power to elect the Editor of its official organ, and as 
the new Constitution which comes into effect at the close of this 
Convention provides that the Editor of its official organ shall be a 
member of the Official Board, she immediately enters upon the 
duties of her office." 

Miss Harriet May Mills presented the invitation of the New York 
City Suffragists to hold the next annual meeting in New York City. 

Mrs. Wilson moved, and it was carried, that this and all invita- 
tions be referred to the Official Board. 

Miss Mills moved that no other election be held in this Con- 
vention, but if there should be a vacancy it shall be filled by the 
Official Board. 

Dr. Sievers moved, and it was carried by a vote of 39 to 29 that 
the motion lie on the table. 

Mrs. T. P. O'Connor delivered an address on the subject, "Let 
Our Watchword Be Unity." 

Mrs. Watson, in leaving the Convention, spoke gratefully of the 
kindness and recognition which the California delegation had re- 
ceived. 

Miss Clay moved, and it was carried that the President appoint 
a committee of five to formulate rules for the qualifications of or- 
ganizations applying for auxiliaryship in the National; these rules 
to be submitted to the Post-Executive Committee for approval or 
revision. 

The Chair appointed Miss Laura Clay, Chairman; Mrs. Fitz- 
gerald, Miss Katzenstein, Miss Mills, and Mrs. Russell. 

The report of Tennessee was given by the President, Mrs. Martha 
Allen. 

The report of the Resolutions Committee was read by the Chair- 
man, Miss Bertha Coover. Mrs. Steinem moved, and it was carried, 
that the report of the Resolutions Committee be adopted and that all 
other resolutions be referred to the Resolutions Committee before 
being presented to the Convention. 

Miss Blackwell moved the adoption of the following, which 
had been referred to the Committee, that "we sympathize with the 
wish of the Kentucky women to have the Mammoth Cave made a 
National reservation." Carried. 

Two belated delegates from California, Mrs. Griffith and Mrs. 
Phelps, were introduced and spoke, Mrs. Griffith presenting a motion 



MEETINGS OF GENERAL OFFICERS 195 

to memorialize the United States Government to erect a colossal 
Statue of Peace at the entrance to the Panama Canal. The motion 
was carried. 

Mrs. Huntley Russell, proxy for the President, read the report 
of the Michigan Association. 

Mrs. Geo. Smith, of Seattle, presented an application from the 
Washington Suffrage League, formerly the Alki Suffrage Club, to 
membership in the National. 

A message of appreciation for his fidelity to the woman's cause 
was ordered sent to Congressman Rucker, of Colorado, who had de- 
clined to attend a dinner in honor of President Taft, because women 
were excluded. 

A memorial service for the promoted comrades was held, sev- 
eral delegates speaking words of appreciation of Mrs. Elizabeth Smith 
Miller, Mrs. Eliza Wright Osburn, Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell, Mrs. 
Lillian Hollister, T. W. Higginson, Dr. Annie Jeffries-Myers, Mrs. 
E. A. Russell, Mr. Keith and Mrs. Sargent, of California. 

The report of the Committee on Education was given by Mrs. 
Pauline Steinem. The report of the Committee on Congressional 
Work was given by the Chairman, Miss Emma Gillette. These re- 
ports were adopted. It was moved by Mrs. Steinem, and carried, 
that Miss Gordon's report of the Susan B. Anthony Fund be made 
through the Woman's Journal. 

Mrs. Ida Porter Boyer reported her work in the Oklahoma cam- 
paign. Mrs. Park, of Nashville, the representative of the Associated 
Press, was introduced and spoke briefly. 

Miss Mills moved, and it was carried, that the unfinished business 
be referred to the Executive Committee, and that the Convention 
adjourn. 

Executive Committee Meeting, October 25th, 10:00 A. M. 

The Executive Committee of the N. A. W. S. A. met in the parlor 
of the Seelbach Hotel, October 25th, at 10:00 a. m. 

The minutes of the ante-Convention session were read and ap- 
proved. Miss Clay and Miss Mills reported the recommendations of 
the Committee on Admission of new auxiliaries. After discussion and 
amendments, the rules were adopted as follows (in addition to the 
Constitutional regulations) : 

1. Any organization applying for membership in the N. A. W. 
S. A. shall submit a list of members and an annual affidavit of bona 
fide membership. 

2. A State organization shall be understood to be one operating 
in two or more counties with the intention of extending its work over 
the whole State. 

3. Suffrage organizations shall be interpreted to mean such or- 
ganizations only as make their main object to secure Suffrage for 
women. 



196 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

4. All questions that the Membership Committee feels unable 
to settle shall be referred to the Executive Committee. 

On motion of Mrs. Dennett the five members who constituted 
the Preliminary Committee were appointed the Permanent Committee. 

Votes of thanks were tendered the retiring officers, Miss Drake, 
the stenographer, and to the California delegates for a generous gift 
of supplies. 

Miss Drake applied $10 of the amount she was to receive for her 
expenses to the Kansas campaign and $10 to Wisconsin. 

It was moved by Miss Gordon and carried that the contract 
entered into last year between the N. A. W. S. A. and the Corporation 
known as the "Proprietors of the Woman's Journal," be renewed for 
this year. 

Minutes of last session of the Convention read and approved. 

All unfinished business was referred to the Official Board. 
Moved and carried to adjourn. 



PLEDGES MADE AT LOUISVILLE, KY. 

Alice Crane $1.00 

Helen Randolph 1.00 

F. H. Luscomb 10.00 

Susan W. Fitzgerald 15.00 

Isabel Howland 100.00 

Lois Wilson Jellies 5.00 

Ferrissa V. W. Jellies 5.00 

Marcia Townsend 10.00 

Anita Ashley 100.00 

Alice T. Jenkins 5.00 

Pennsylvania W. S. Association 100.00 

Mrs. W. Lustgarten 25.00 

Mrs. R. Ringrose (for 3 children) 15.00 

Cornelia Treuthart 50.00 

Woman Suffrage Party of Cleveland 100.00 

Lena K. Behvens 10.00 

New York State Association 100.00 

Pauline Steinem 15.00 

Ohio Woman Suffrage Association 50.00 

Marion H. Drake 20.00 

Michigan W. S. Association 50.00 

Dr. Mary D. Hussey 20.00 

New Jersey W. S. Association 25.00 

Mrs. W. A. Stubbs 50.00 

Catharine A. Hoffman 50.00 



PLEDGES 197 

Lucy B. Johnston 50.00 

Susan B. Anthony Club 25.00 

Eva O. Wilson 10.00 

Pennsylvania College Equal Suffrage League 6.00 

Minnesota W. S. Association 50.00 

Mrs. R. Ringrose 50.00 

National Council of Sisterhood 25.00 

Mrs. Huntley Russell 50.00 

Madge Patton Stephens 50.00 

Era Club, New Orleans 50.00 

Kate M. Gordon 100.00 

Rhode Island W. S. Association 25.00 

Michigan Woman Suffrage Association 25.00 

Emily E. Dobbin 10.00 

Nashville Equal Suffrage League 50.00 

Mrs. Desha Breckinridge 25.00 

Susan B. Anthony Club 50.00 

Massachusets W. S. Association 500.00 

Florence R. Dwight 50.00 

Political Equality League of S. California 50.00 

Collegiate Equal Suffrage League of N. Y 50.00 

Anna S. Hall 50.00 

Caroline I. Reilly 50.00 

Mrs. S. C. Henning 5.00 

A Friend 100.00 

Tennessee Equal Suffrage Association 25.00 

Future Suffrage Association of Chattanooga 25.00 

Equal Suffrage League of Virginia 150.00 

Alfred A. E. Taylor 25.00 

Mrs. P. M. Leakin 25.00 

Mrs. T. C. Purdy 50.00 

A. E. Scranton Taylor 5.00 

Connecticut W. S. Association 200.00 

Catharine B. Lewis 1,000.00 

Emily Howland 500.00 

Maine W. S. A 50.00 

Dr. Sarah A. Siewers 25.00 

Kentucky E. R. Association 100.00 

Iowa W. S. A 100.00 

Catherine W. McCulloch 100.00 

Inez Milholland 100.00 

Katherine Mackay 100.00 

Chicago Political Equality League 50.00 

National College Equal Suffrage League 200.00 

Susan Look Avery 100.00 

Dr. Anna H. Shaw (for a friend) 3,000.00 

Mrs. Jenks 10.00 



198 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

M. Carey Thomas 10.00 

Mrs. Stanley McCormick 10.00 

Mary E. Garrett 10.00 

Eleanor Garrison 5.00 

Miss Bower 12.00 

Mrs. Feuquay 10.00 

Mary Johnston 100.00 

Susan W. Fitzgerald (for 3 children) 15.00 

Mary Ware Dennett (for 2 children) 10.00 

Harriet May Mills 25.00 

Mrs. Sperry (for 4 grandchildren) 20.00 

Mary Flinn 25.00 

Mrs. Brotherton (for 9 children) 18.00 

Dr. Anna H. Shaw (for nieces) 600.00 

Miss Hall 10.00 

Mrs. Smith via Mrs. McCulloch 22.00 

Pennsylvania woman 25.00 

Men's Equal Suffrage League of Boston, by A. E. Ryan 100.00 

Mrs. Meredith 10.00 

Jessie Stubbs 10.00 

Mrs. Shuler 10.00 

Ida Porter Boyer 5.00 

Laura White 10.00 

New York Member 25.00 

Jessie Ashley, for a friend 1,500.00 

Birthday gift 51.00 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 500.00 

Mrs. Watson 100.00 

Mrs. Demorest 100.00 

Edith Houghton Hooker 1,000.00 

Katherine Weston 25.00 



$12,251.00 



CONTRIBUTORS. 

June 1, 1910, to December 31, 1910: 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont $3,029.88 

Iowa E. S. A 50.00 

Clara Laddy 17.00 

Sarah Clay Bennett 37.30 

Fola La Follette 10.00 

New Jersey W. S. A 25.00 

E. Klohr 5.00 

Victoria Walter 5.00 

Iowa W. S. A 50.00 



CONTRIBUTIONS 199 

Ella A. Kilborn 10.00 

Wisconsin W. S. A 50.00 

Ida Craft 2.00 

Harriet A. Hawkins 1.00 

E. D. Kenneys 10.00 

A Friend 5.00 

A Friend 1.00 

E. B. Culbertson 5.00 

Sarah Clay Bennett 2.70 

New Jersey W. S. A 10.00 

New York W. S. A 12.00 

Margaret Fells 21.75 

Mary W. Dennett 13.00 

L. Werth 1.00 

Maine W. S. A 25.00 

J. H. Rogers 100.00 

M. Blacknell 1.50 

H. Russell 50.00 

F. Barnard 3.50 

Mary Allen 5.00 

Mrs. Donald Hooker 25.00 

L. E. Flansburg 100.00 

Emma Kenneys 100.00 

Jessie Wright 2.00 

A Socialist 100.00 

E. B. Wooden 2.00 

Mrs. Spargo .25 

A. Fitts 1.00 

A. C. Daniels 1.00 

Pearl Goodman 5.00 

Anna Smith 2.00 

J. Bradley 1.00 

Ella Crossett 3.00 

Old Orchard W. S. A 1.00 

M. Crampton 1.00 

Judith Smith 9.92 

Mary Bakewell 10.00 

Mrs. Wm. Ivins 2.00 

Mrs. E. E. Eils 10.00 

Mrs. M. L. Taylor 25.00* 

Miss Chapman 5.00 

Annie Willert 5.00 

Elizabeth Potter 5.00 

D. G. Hazard 20.00 

Lena Sterns 2.00 

I. Bowman 1.00 

L. R. White 1& 



200 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Katherine Mackay 50.00 

J. B. Greenleaf 5.00 

F. W. Reineman 2.00 

M. J. Stecker 5.00 

D. G. Hazard 10.00 

Lena M. Stevens 1.00 

Jessie W. Wright 2.00 

Mary Johnston and sisters 25.00 

Julia D. Sheppard 5.00 

J. F. Baird 5.00 

In memory of M. F. Munroe 5.00 

P. F. Maine 5.00 

L. L. Baker 5.00 

Amanda Lougee 5.00 

B. E. Routauer 10.00 

A. D. Leach 5.00 

E. W. Bailie 5.00 

E. F. Boland 5.00 

Edith Stebbins 10.00 

K. E. Tiffany 5.00 

A. B. Sheldon 5.00 

M. H. Kenyon 5.00 

E. B. Low 5.00 

An Old Suffragist , 1.00 

Anna Beard 2.00 

Sarah McCarron 2.00 

Sarah Longstreth , 2.00 

E. Kloch 1.00 

J. Watt 1.00 

Lida S. Adams 1.00 

Josephine Adams 1.00 

Elizabeth Rondinella 1.00 

Annie Rondinella 1.00 

Gertrude Walker 1.00 

Mrs. Barber 5.00 

J. H. Reilly 50 

Mary Fales 1.00 

Clara Allen 1.00 

A. C. Bowles 5.00 

Frances Lane 2.00 

Mrs. G. Beck 1.00 

Mrs. Sterns 2.00 

Frances Munds 5.00 

Mary Hayward 5.00 

Josephine Wood 5.00 

Kate Gordon 2.00 

Jane Potter 2.00 



CONTRIBUTIONS 201 

Arthur Bissell 1.00 

J. E. Seiferth 10.00 

Hannah Rice 1.00 

Charlotte Hubert 1.00 

Eloise Jackson 5.00 

Virginia Lindsley 10.00 

Anonymous 9.00 

Hannah Luscomb 25.00 

Lavinia Dock 5.10 

A Friend, Lucy Anthony 1.00 

Edith Baldwin 5.00 

Anna Cummins 2.00 

F. B. Pierce 1.00 

Mrs. Kothburn, Jr 5.00 

Miss Ewing 5.00 

Anita Ashley 5.00 

Martha Stebbins 2.75 

M. Taylor 25.00 

Martha Kimball 25.00 

Ellen Adams 5.00 

Custer Centre Equality League 5.00 

E. B. Farmer 1.00 

C. B. Lunkle 5.00 

Katherine Butler 2.00 

Florence Hoye 1.00 

Virginia Robinson 1.00 

Iowa 1.50 

J. H. Hoffman 50 

Charlotte Pierce 3.00 

Harriet Doane _. . . . 2.00 

Lucy Burns 1.25 

C. Cooper 5.00 

Fidelia Jewett 10.00 

Prof. L. Martin 10.00 

Grace Orth 5.00 

Lucy Allen 5.00 

Alice Clark 1.00 

E. D. Kenneys 50.00 

A. Boutell 5.00 

M. Cooper 5.00 

M. Allen 5.00 

L. Trax 1.00 

W. Hagarty 2.00 

T. Leakin 2.00 

J. Fuller 3.00 

E. M. Smith 5.00 

M. Hayward 15.00 



202 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Dr. Sabin 200 

E. Deland 25.00 

Mrs. Van Denlong .50 

O. P. Bray 1.50 

Miss Koch 1.00 

Miss Sewell 5.00 

E. Russell 10.00 

Louise Rice 5.00 

E. H. Potter 5.00 

M. Gannett 5.00 

Adele Guinet 1.00 

Mrs. Chase 5.00 

E. B. Foote, Jr 10.00 

E. Poulson .-. '. 2.00 

A Maryland Suffragist 2.00 

F. Hoye 2.00 

Alice Jenkins 50.00 

Rachel Ann Rees 50.00 

Dr. Baker 50.00 

Lavinia Davis, in memoriam 30.00 

Laura Gregg (for life membership Mrs. Munds) 50.00 

Mrs. Herman 75.00 

Mrs. Severance 25.00 

Margaret Long 6.00 

M. Taylor 25.00 

Deleran 10.00 

Alice Blackwell 100.00 

Laura Clay 100.00 

Laura Clay 50.00 

Alice Blackwell 100.00 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 200.00 

New Jersey W. S. A 40.00 

Dr. Hussey 10.00 

Dr. Hussey 5.00 

Alberta Gondis 25.00 

Olive Stewart 25.00 

Anna H. Shaw 100.00 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 100.00 

Hannah Luscomb 100.00 

M. Prather 15.00 

Mrs. Jeffrey, N. J. W. S. A 14.00 

Etta Potter 2.00 

Margaret Long 6.00 

Mrs. Bennett and Miss Clay 117.00 



CHRISTMAS GIFTS 203 



CHRISTMAS GIFTS 

Ida H. Harper $10.00 

M. E. Lapham 10.00 

J. B. Greenleaf 10.00 

M. Gannett 10.00 

C Gannett 10.00 

Anna H. Shaw 10.00 

M. Anthony Estate 20.00 

Mary Johnston 10.00 

Eloise Johnston 10.00 

Elizabeth Johnston 10.00 

Marcia Townsend 10.00 

Mrs. Q. A. Shaw 100.00 

C. Lippincott 10.00 

M. Hayward 10.00 

C. Wilbour 10.00 

A. Bray ton 10.00 

Isabel Howland 10.00 

M. Lippincott 10.00 

Emily Howland 10.00 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 10.00 

Jane Addams 10.00 

Sarah Willis 10.00 

Hannah Mills 10.00 

L. A. C. Ward 10.00 

Mrs. Jas. Bennett 10.00 

Fanny Fernald 10.00 

Fanny Gannon 100.00 

Nellie Hill 25.00 

Mrs. Stanley McCormick 10.00 

Adele Dewing 10.00 

Miss Falkner 10.00 

Mrs. Chandler 10.00 

J. H. Brazier 10.00 

Annette Finnigan 10.00 

Susan Avery 10.00 

Alice Paul 10.00 

Mary Coggeshall 10.00 

Amenia White 10.00 

Julia T. Ripley 50.00 

Life Member 10.00 

Lillian Martin 10.00 

Fidelia Jewett 10.00 

Emma Lowe 10.00 



204 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN 

SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION ADOPTED BY THE 

CONVENTION AT LOUISVILLE 

Article I. 

Name. 

The name of this Association shall be the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association. 

Article II. 

Object. 

The object of this Association shall be to secure protection, in 
their right to vote, to the women citizens of the United States, by 
appropriate National and State legislation. 

Article III. 

Members. 

Section 1. Any State Woman Suffrage organization, or any 
other Suffrage organization of not less than 300 members, may be- 
come auxiliary to the National American Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion, and thus secure representation in the Annual Convention, by 
paying annually into its treasury ten cents per member. Societies 
now auxiliary to our State Associations shall not be eligible to direct 
membership in the National unless they have been refused auxiliary- 
ship in their States. 

Sec. 2. Any National Suffrage Association may become auxiliary 
to the National American Woman Suffrage Association upon the 
approval of two-thirds of the Executive Committee and the payment 
of ten cents per member into the National Treasury. It shall then 
be entitled to representation in the National Convention upon the 
same basis as State Associations. 

Sec. 3. The payment of fifty dollars ($50) into the treasury shall 
constitute a Life Member of the Association, entitled to attend all 
its public meetings, to participate in all discussions, and to receive 
reports and other documents published by it, but not entitled to 
vote. 

Sec. 4. The persons entitled to vote at the Annual Convention 
shall be the General Officers, ex-Presidents of this Association, 
Chairmen of Standing Committees, the Presidents of auxiliary or- 
ganizations, and the Executive Committee members of the State 
Associations, and one delegate for every one hundred paid-up 
members, and for every fraction of one hundred. State organizations 
having less than one hundred members shall have but one repre- 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 205 

sentative in the Annual Convention and in the Executive Committee, 
such representative to be the President of the organization. 

Sec. 5. Individuals may become co-operating members of the 
N. A. W. S. A. by the payment of $1.00. 

Sec. 6. National organizations may become affiliated members of 
the N. A. W. S. A. on approval of two-thirds of the National Execu- 
tive Committee and upon the payment of $10.00 annual dues — these 
affiliated organizations to be entitled to one delegate only. 

Article IV. 

Officers. 

Section 1. The officers of the Association shall be a President, 
two Vice-Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secre- 
tary, a Treasurer, two Auditors, and the Editor of the Official Organ. 

Sec. 2. Presidents of auxiliary organizations shall be ex-officio 
Vice-Presidents. 

Article V. 

Duties of Officers. 

Section 1. The General Officers, viz.: the President, two Vice- 
Presidents, Recording and Corresponding Secretaries, Treasurer, two 
Auditors, and the Editor of the Official Organ, shall constitute a 
Board of General Officers, to supervise the general interests of the 
work in the interim of the annual meetings. 

The Board of General Officers shall meet once in two months 
except during the months of July and August. Five members shall 
constitute a quorum, or a majority may act by correspondence. Spe- 
cial meetings may be called by the President and must be called 
when requested by three members of the Board. 

Sec. 2. The President shall perform the duties usual to such 
office. 

Sec. 3. The Vice-President shall perform all the duties of the 
President in case of the President's absence or disability. 

Sec. 4. The Recording Secretary shall keep a correct record of 
the proceedings, and perform all the other duties usual to such 
office. 

Sec. 5. The Corresponding Secretary shall conduct all corres- 
pondence of the organization, and shall secure from the Correspond- 
ing Secretary of each auxiliary association a report of its work. 

Sec. 6. The Treasurer shall keep an accurate account of re- 
ceipts and disbursements, shall send a monthly summary to the 
members of the Board, and shall present a detailed report at each 
annual meeting. The Treasurer shall pay no bills of the general 
Association except on order of the President and Recording Secretary, 
but may disburse funds of Standing Committees when directed to do 
so by an authorized person on the Committee without the signature of 



206 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the President and Recording Secretary. The Treasurer shall pro- 
vide the auxiliary associations with blank credentials for delegates 
to the annual meetings, and shall be ex-officio Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Credentials. The books of the Treasurer shall close four 
weeks before the Annual Convention, and the Treasurer's report 
shall be read at the second business meeting of the Annual Conven- 
tion. 

Sec. 7. The Auditors shall examine and verify the books of the 
Treasurer, and shall give a report thereof at each annual meeting. 

Article VI. 

Executive Committee. 

Section 1. The Executive Committee shall consist of the General 
Officers, the President of each State organization and other auxiliary, 
and, in addition, one member from each State organization having 
one hundred or more members, together with the Chairman of Stand- 
ing and Special Committees; of these members fifteen shall constitute 
a quorum for the transaction of business. 

Sec. 2. The Executive Committee of this Association shall hold 
one session preceding the opening of each Annual Convention, and 
another at its close. 

Sec. 3. The decisions reached by the Executive Committee at 
its pre-Convention session shall be presented in the form of recom- 
mendations at the business sessions of the Convention. 

Sec. 4. A majority of the Executive Committee shall act by cor- 
respondence upon any matter referred to it by the Board. 

Sec. 5. The Executive Committee may elect as Honorary Vice- 
Presidents distinguished adherents of the cause of Woman Suffrage 
who are removed from active work. 

Article VII. 

Election of Officers. 

Section 1. The General Officers of this Association shall be 
elected on the last day, but one of the annual meeting. They shall 
be nominated by an informal ballot. The three persons receiving the 
highest number of votes for any office shall be considered nominees, 
and the election be decided by a formal ballot. The result of the 
formal ballot for the preceding officer nominated shall be announced 
before taking the informal ballot for the next. 

Sec. 2. The terms of the General Officers shall expire at the end 
of the last session of the Convention, and the terms of the newly 
elected officers shall commence with the session of the Executive 
Committee held at the close of the Convention. 

Sec. 3. The Board of General Officers may fill any vacancy on 
that Board which may occur during the year. 



CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS 207 

Sec. 4. In the election of officers the delegates present from 
each State may cast the full vote to which that State is entitled. The 
vote shall be taken in the same way upon any other question when- 
ever the delegates present from five States request it. In other 
cases each delegate shall have one vote. 

Article VIII. 

This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting, after one day's notice in the Convention, notice of 
the proposed amendment having been given to the Board of Gen- 
eral Officers, which notice said officers shall publish in the Official 
Organ twice, the first time not less than three months in advance of 
the Convention. 

BY-LAWS. 
By-Law I. 

Annual Convention. 

Section 1. This Association shall hold an Annual Convention of 
regularly elected delegates for the election of officers and the trans- 
action of business. An annual meeting may be held in Washington, 
D. C, during the first session of Congress. 

Sec. 2. In the absence of an auxiliary President or auxiliary 
member of the Executive Committee, the delegation from that auxil- 
iary may select a proxy by ballot. 

Sec. 3. An Auxiliary Association having no delegates present 
shall not give a proxy to a person from another State. 

Sec. 4. Any organization whose dues are unpaid on the closing 
of the Treasurer's books shall lose its vote in the Convention for 
that year. 

Sec. 5. Delegates must present credentials signed by the Presi- 
dent and Recording Secretary of their respective organizations. 

By-Law II. 

The Committee on Resolution shall consist of one person from 
each State, elected by its delegation, and also a Chairman to be 
elected by the Executive Committee. 

By-Law III. 

Section 1. After each Annual Convention the Board of General 
Officers shall elect the following Standing Committees: A Committee 
on Program, of which the President shall be Chairman, to arrange 
the program for the next annual meeting; a Congressional Com- 
mittee, to have in charge the direct Congressional work; Committees 
on Literature, Press Work, Enrollment, Presidential Suffrage, Local 
Arrangements, and Railroad Rates. 



208 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Sec. 2. The President shall appoint, during each Annual Con- 
vention, a Committee on Resolutions, consisting of five members, 
who shall report to the Resolutions Committee at the next Annual 
Convention. 

Sec. 3. The Executive Committee shall elect from itself a 
Membership Committee, which shall pass upon the qualifications of 
organizations applying for auxiliaryship. 

Sec. 4. Special Committees may be elected by the Board of 
General Officers. 

By-Law IV. 

The official report presented by any auxiliary of the National 
Association shall be printed in the minutes as authorized by the 
President and Secretary of that auxiliary. 

By-Law V. 

The Treasurer of the Association shall give bond in such sum 
as shall cover the funds in her charge. 

By-Law VI. 

These By-laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting, one day's notice having been given in Convention. 



CONTRACT FOR WOMAN'S JOURNAL 209 



CONTRACT BY WHICH THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL BECOMES 
THE OFFCIAL ORGAN OF THE N. A. W. S. A. 

THIS AGREEMENT, made and entered into this day of 

June, A. D. 1910, by and between 

ALICE STONE BLACKWELL, 

party of the first part, and 

THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE 
ASSOCIATION, 

a corporation duly organized and existing under and by virtue of 
the laws of the District of Columbia, party of the second part, 

WITNESSETH: 

WHEREAS, the party of the first part is the owner of one hundred 
and one (101) shares of the stock, being a majority of the two hun- 
dred (200) shares of stock of the proprietors of The Woman's Journal, 
a corporation duly organized and existing under and by virtue of the 
laws of the State of Massachusetts; and 

WHEREAS, the party of the first part has for many years been 
engaged in editorial work in connection with the weekly paper "The 
Woman's Journal"; and 

WHEREAS, the party of the second part is desirous of securing 
the use of the said The Woman's Journal as its national organ and 
its official means of communication with its State and local auxiliaries; 

NOW, THEREFORE, it is agreed by and between the parties 
hereto as follows: 

1. Said party of the second part adopts said The Woman's Journal 
as its official national organ to assist in the purposes of its or- 
ganization, and it hereby appoints said party of the first part its 
Editor-in-Chief for the term of one year from the signing of this 
agreement, with the understanding that such vacations from work as 
the health of said party of the first part may demand, shall be granted 
by said party of the second part. 

2. Said party of the first part hereby accepts said appointment, 
and agrees to serve without salary for said term of one year. 

3. Said party of the second part agrees to employ a private sec- 
retary for said party of the first part, during the term of her employ- 
ment, at a cost not to exceed fifteen dollars ($15) per week, said 
private secretary to be selected by said party of the first part. Said 



210 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

party of the second part agrees to employ a business manager and 
such other business and literary help as shall seem necessary to said 
parties, and to pay all the necessary bills accruing from the pub- 
lication of said The Woman's Journal. 

4. Five (5) or more contributing editors from various large 
cities of the United States shall be selected or approved by said 
party of the first part to serve without salary, and the policy of The 
Woman's Journal shall be controlled by the general offices of said 
party of the second part. 

5. The general appearance of The Woman's Journal shall re- 
main the same as heretofore with the memorial line relating to Lucy 
Stone and Henry B. Blackwell. The shape and size of the page and 
the frequency of issue shall be unchanged. Underneath the 
title, "The Woman's Journal," shall be added these words: "Organ of 
the National American Woman Suffrage Association." The subscrip- 
tion price shall be lowered to one dollar ($1.00) per year. The paper 
shall continue to be published in Boston. 

6. The party of the first part hereby agrees to use her best en- 
deavors to secure for said second party the shares of stock of said 
corporation "The Proprietors of the Woman's Journal," held by 
persons other than herself, and she further agrees to give and be- 
queath by her last will and testament to said second party her said 
one hundred and one (101) shares of stock in said corporation, The 
Proprietors of the Woman's Journal. 

7. This contract is to continue for one year, and thereafter until 
amended or terminated as hereinafter provided. 

8. If, at any time, the Annual Convention of the National Amer- 
ican Woman Suffrage Association shall vote to discontinue the present 
arrangement in accordance with which the officers of said party of 
the second part conduct The Woman's Journal and use it as its 
national organ, such vote shall become effective six months after the 
time when such vote is taken. Said Association shall thereupon re- 
turn to said party of the first part The Woman's Journal and every- 
thing pertaining thereto, shall refund to her the money received by 
the Association from the sale of the shares of stock which the 
Association may have acquired through her, and shall also return 
to her any unsold shares acquired through her. Each party shall 
nominate a disinterested appraiser and these two shall select a third. 
These appraisers, considering all material matters relating to this 
transaction, shall determine what sum either party shall pay to the 
other. 

9. If, at any time, said party of the first part wishes to terminate 
this contract, she shall give six months' notice of such intention to 
the Official Board of said party of the second part, whereupon said 
party of the second part shall turn over The Woman's Journal and 
the things pertaining thereto, to said party of the first part, and ap- 



CONTRACT FOR WOMAN'S JOURNAL 211 

praisers shall be chosen as hereinbefore provided, and they shall de- 
termine what sum either party hereto shall pay to the other. 

10. In case either of the said parties desires to amend said con- 
tract at any time, three months' notice of such desired amendment 
shall be given to the other of said parties, and if at the end of said 
three months, the parties have not agreed as to said amendment, the 
party proposing said amendment may, at her or its option, withdraw 
such proposed amendment, or give six months' notice of the termina- 
tion of this contract, as hereinbefore provided. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties hereto have hereunto set 
their hands and seals the day and year first above written. 

EXECUTED IN DUPLICATE. 



(Seal) 



THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIA- 
TION. 



By 

Its President. 
ATTEST: 



Its Recording Secretary. 



212 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



DELEGATES PRESENT AT CONVENTION. 

General Officers — Anna Howard Shaw, Catherine Waugh McCul- 
loch, Kate Gordon, Mary Ware Dennett, Ella Seass Stewart, Jessie 
Ashley, Laura Clay, Alice Stone Blackwell. 

Chairmen Standing Committees — Anna Howard Shaw, Caroline 
T. Reilly, Elizabeth U. Yates, Lucy E. Anthony, Emma M. Gillett. 

California — Miss Fannie Wills, Mrs. J. H. Braly, Mr. J. H. Braly, 
Miss C. A. Whitney, Mrs. R. Ringrose, Mrs. Rose M. French, Mrs. 
Mary S. Sperry, Mrs. Elizabeth Lowe Watson. 

Colorado — Hon. Omar Garwood. 

Connecticut — Mrs. Grace Gallatin Seton, Mrs. Phil Leakin, Mrs. 
A. E. Scranton Taylor, A. S. G. Taylor. 

District of Columbia — Harriette J. Hifton, Anna Kelton Wiley. 

Illinois — Dr. Harriet Ward, Miss Alice Henry, Mrs. L. Brackett 
Bishop, Mrs. Ann E. Schaeffer, Mrs. H. T. Dugdale, Mrs. Estelle H. B. 
Boot, Mrs. Augie Read Schweppe, Mrs. Charlotte H. Crocker, Dr. 
Anna E. Blount, Grace Wilbur Trout. 

Indiana — Mrs. Antoinette D. Leach. 

Iowa — Mrs. Louis Miles, Mrs. Virginia Branner, Miss C. V. 
Burghart. 

Kentucky — Mrs. A. M. Harrison, Mrs. Mary C. Cramer, Miss 
Laura R. White, Mrs. Desha Breckinridge, Miss Haldon Helm Hardin, 
Mrs. C. M. Freeman, Mrs. Mary E. Giltner, Mrs. A. R. Burnam, Mrs. 
James N. Lush, Miss Virginia P. Robinson, Mrs. James Bennett, Mrs. 
Thomas J. Smith, Mrs. Jessie Riddell Firth, Mrs. T. Withers Smith, 
Mrs. Herbert Mengel. 

New Hampshire — Mrs. Agnes M. Jenks, Miss Clara L. Hunton. 

Louisiana — Miss Jess Steven. 

Maine — Rev. Alfreda Brewster Wallace, Mrs. Wm. F. Fernald, 
Helen Daggett. 

Maryland— Miss Mary E. Garrett, Mrs. John G. Wilson. 

Michigan — Mrs. Fern Richardson Rowl, Miss Alice May Bout- 
well, Mrs. Huntley Russell, Rev. Caroline Bartlett Crane, Mrs. Belle 
Brotherton. 

Minnesota — Maud C. Stockwell, Ethel E. Hurd, Alice Aimes Hall, 
Miss Emily Dobbin, Mrs. Julia B. Nelson. 

Missouri — Mrs. W. W. Boyd, Mrs. Robt. Atkinson. 

Massachusetts — Mrs. Stanley McCormick, Mrs. Susan W. Fitz- 
gerald, Miss Agnes E. Ryan, Mrs. Hannah Luscomb, Miss Florence 
Luscomb, Miss Eleanor Garrison, Miss Gertrude L. Marvin. 

Mississippi — Mrs. Dell Kelso Mohlenhoff. 

New Jersey — Mrs. Clara S. Laddey. 

Nebraska — Mary H. Williams. 



DELEGATES PRESENT AT THE CONVENTION 213 

New York— Mrs. Emma V. Simis, Mrs. Frank H. Cothren, Mrs. 
Frances Servose, Mrs. James A. Gardner, Mrs. J. B. McNeil, Mrs. 
Ella S. Capwell, Mrs. Frank Shuler, Mrs. Jessie Stubbs, Miss Isabel 
Howland, Mrs. Wm. Lustgarten, Miss Elizabeth Pope, Mrs. Mary D. 
Fiske, Marion W. Cottle, Mrs. Wm. Curtis Demorest. 

Ohio — Dr. Sarah M. Siewers, Miss Bertha Coover, Mrs. Anna 
Anthony Bacon, Mrs. West, Mrs. Piper, Mrs. Flora E. Worthington, 
Mrs. Snell, Mrs. M. C. Sherwood, Mrs. Gussie Ogden. 

Oklahoma— Mrs. Ida Porter Boyer, Mrs. Jence C. Feuquay. 

Pennsylvania— Miss Maud Lourey, Mrs. Scott Nearing, Miss Caro- 
line Katzenstein, Miss M. Emmeline Pitt, Lucy Kennedy Miller, 
Florence Harper, Mary S. Flinn, Lucy E. Anthony, Mrs. Frank Roes- 
sing, Miss Matilda Orr Hays, Miss M. Carey Thomas, Mrs. Ellen C. 
Butterwiser. 

Rhode Island— Elizabeth Upham Yates. 

Tennessee — Mrs. Robt. Beattie. 

Virginia— Mrs. G. Harvey Clarke, Mrs. Charles V. Meredith, Mrs. 
Carl J. Rostrup, Mrs. Benjamin T. Crump. 

Wisconsin — Mrs. Nora Perkins Jeanson. 

College Equal Suffrage League— M. Carey Thomas, Mary E. Gar- 
rett, Mrs. Herbert Mengel, Katherine Dexter McCormick, Maud 
Lowry, Mrs. Scott Nearing, Miss C. A. Whitney, Ellen Cline Butten- 
weiser, Belle Brotherton. 



214 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS 

CALIFORNIA: 

President, Mrs. Mary McHenry Keith, 2207 Atherton Street, 
Berkeley. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., 

Cor. Sec, Nellie Scoville, 2223 Pacific Avenue, San Francisco. 
COLORADO: 

President, Harriet G. R. Wright, 3347 Moncrief Place, Denv.er. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mary C. C. Bradford, Denver. 

Cor. Sec, Nellie Z. Williams, 104 So. Evans Street, Denver. 
CONNECTICUT: 

President, Mrs. Wm. T. Hincks, Bridgeport. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Miss Adelaide B. Hyde, Greenwich. 

Cor. Sec, Mrs. Edward Porritt, 63 Tremont Street, Hartford. 
DELAWARE: 

President, Martha S. Cranston, Newport. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., 

Cor. Sec, Mary R. De Von, 1311 Delaware Avenue, Wilmington. 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: 

President, Mrs. Leopoldine Katherine Barber, 1231 Eighteenth 
Street, N. W., Washington. , 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mrs. Helen R. Tindall, The Stafford, 
Washington. 

Cor. Sec, Miss M. Helen Calkins, "Belmont," Fourteenth and 
Clifton Streets, Washington. 
GEORGIA: 

President, Mary L. McLendon, 139 Washington Street, Atlanta. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Katherine Koch, Box 78, Atlanta. 

Cor. Sec, Katherine Koch, Box 78, Atlanta. 
ILLINOIS: 

President, Mrs. Elvira Downey, Clinton. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Dr. Anna C. Blount, 124 S. Oak Park 
Avenue, Oak Park. 

Cor. Sec, Mrs. Mary R. Plummer, Fine Arts Building, Michigan 
Avenue, Chicago. , 

INDIANA: 

President, Anna Dunn Noland, 424^4 Broadway, Logansport. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mrs. B. F. Perkins, Kendallville. 

Cor. Sec, Miss Bertha Slaybaugh, 424^4 Broadway, Logansport. 
IOWA: 

President, Rev. Mary Safford, Des Moines. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mrs. Virginia Brannon, Chariton. 

Cor. Sec, Mrs. Ruby J. Eckerson, Des Moines. 



LIST OF AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS 215 

KENTUCKY: 

President, Laura Clay, 189 N. Mill Street, Lexington. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mary E. Giltner, 1554 Madison Avenue, 

Covington. 
Cor. Sec, Mary C. Roark, Richmond. 
LOUISIANA: 

President, Kate M. Gordon, 1800 Prytania Street, New Orleans. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., 

Cor. Sec, Rhoda Mason Tucker, 1310 St. Andrews Street, New 
Orleans. 
MAINE: 

President, Rev. Alfreda Brewster Wallace, Shepley Street, Port- 
land. 
Mem. Nat. Ex. Com., Anne Burgess, 8 Whitney Street, Portland, 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. Nellie Guildford, Old Orchard. 
MARYLAND: 

State Association — 

President, Emma Maddox Funck, 1631 Eutaw Place, Baltimore. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Caroline Roberts, 2000 Mt. Royal Ter- 
race, Baltimore. 
Cor. Sec, Etta Maddox, 1631 Eutaw Place, Baltimore. 
Just Government League — 

President, Mrs. Donald R. Hooker, Cedar Lawn, Baltimore. 
Cor. Sec, Dr. Florence R. Sabin, Johns Hopkins Medical School, 
Baltimore. 
State Equal Franchise League — 

President, Mrs. Wm. M. Ellicott, 714 Paul Street, Baltimore. 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. O. Edward Janney, 825 Newington Avenue, Bal- 
timore. 

MASSACHUSETTS: 

President, Mrs. Mary Schlesingner, 585 Boylston Street, Boston. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mary Hutcheson Page, 17 Hawthorn 
Road, Brookline. 

Cor. Sec, Susan W. Fitz Gerald, 585 Boylston Street, Boston. 
MICHIGAN: 

President, Clara B. Arthur, 96 Boston Boulevard, Detroit. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Rev. Caroline Bartlett Crane, Kala- 
mazoo. 

Cor. Sec, Alice M. Boutell, Forest Apartments, Detroit. 
MINNESOTA: 

President, Alice Ames Hall, Fifth and St. Peter Streets, St. Paul. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com 

Cor. Sec, Miss Theresa B. Peyton, 581 Selby Avenue, St. Paul. 
MISSOURI: 

President, Mrs. Robert Atkinson, The Buckingham, St. Louis. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., 

Cor. Sec, Mrs. W. W. Boyd, The Kingsbury, St. Louis. 



216 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

MISSISSIPPI: 

President, Nellie N. Somerville, Greenville. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mrs. J. C. Greenleaf, 307 Central Avenue, 

Greenville. 
Cor. Sec, Nella Lawrence Lee, Greenville. 
NEBRASKA: 

President, Dr. Inez C. Philbrick, 1023 H Street, Lincoln. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mary H. Williams, Kenesaw. 
Cor. Sec, Mary H. Williams, Kenesaw. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE: 

President, Mary N. Chase, Andover. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Dr. J. Sarah Barney, Franklin. 
Cor. Sec, Rev. Olive M. Kimball, Marlboro. 
NEW JERSEY: 

President, Clara Laddey, 52 New Lawn Avenue, Arlington. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Dr. Medina F. DeHart, 99 Mercer Street. 

Jersey City. 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. Mary L. Colvin, 56 N. Maple Avenue, E. Orange. 
NEW YORK: 
State Association — 

President, Harriet May Mills, 180 Madison Avenue, New York. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Emily Howland, Sherwood. 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. Roxanne B. Burrows, Andover. 
Woman Suffrage Party — 
President, Mrs. E. Jean Nelson Penfield, 1 Madison Avenue, New 

York. 
Secretary, Mrs. Thomas Wells, 46 West Ninety-eighth Street,. 
New York. 

OHIO: 

President, Harriet Taylor Upton, Warren. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Carrie Chase Davis, M. D., Sandusky. 

Cor. Sec, Bertha Coover, London. 
OKLAHOMA: 

President, Dr. Ruth Gay, Oklahoma City. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Minnie Keith Bailey, Enid. 

Cor. Sec, Julia Dunham, Oklahoma City. 
OREGON: 

President, Abigail Scott Duniway, 292 Clay Street, Portland. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Sarah A. Evans, 275 Seventh Street, 
Portland. 

Cor. Sec, Myrtle Pease, 403 Tenth Street, Portland. 
PENNSYLVANIA: 

President, Mrs. Ellen H. E. Price, 3316 Arch Street, Philadelphia. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Jane Campbell, 413 School Lane, Ger- 
mantown. 

Cor. Sec, Caroline Katzenstein, Hale Building, Philadelphia. 



LIST OF AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS 217 

RHODE ISLAND: 

President, Elizabeth Upham Yates, 209 Butler Avenue, Provi- 
dence. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Annie M. Jewett, 198 Carpenter Street, 
Providence. 

Cor. Sec, Mary F. W. Homer, 162 Blackstone Boulevard, Provi- 
dence. 

SOUTH DAKOTA: 

President, Mrs. John Pyle, Huron. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mrs. D. A. Scott, Sioux Falls. 

Cor. Sec, Emma Stiles, Blunt. 

TENNESSEE: 

President, Miss Sarah Barnwell Elliott, Sewanee. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mrs. Gilbert Raines, 1460 Union Avenue, 

Memphis. 
Cor. Sec, Dr. Madge Patton Stephens, 15 Madison Heights 

Court, Memphis. 

TEXAS : 

Acting President, Mrs. C. S. Penfield, 702 East Quincy Street, 

San Antonio. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Miss E. T. Folsom, University Station, 

Austin. 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. V. P. Ligner, Sandy Point . 

UTAH: 

President, Emily S. Richards, 175 A Street, Salt Lake City. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Emmeline B. Wells, Templeton Building, 

Salt Lake City. 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. J. Fewson Smith, 136 I Street, Salt Lake City. 

VERMONT: 

President, Julia A. Pierce, Rochester. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Eliza L. Eaton, Barton. 

Cor. Sec, Laura F. Kezer, Rochester. 

VIRGINIA: 

President, Lila Meade Valentine, 2338 Monument Avenue, Rich- 
mond. 
Rec Sec, Alice M. Tyler, 307 E. Franklin Street, Richmond. 
WISCONSIN: 

State Association — 
President, Rev. Olympia Brown, Racine. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Nora Perkins Jeanson, 31 Ogden Ave- 
nue, Oshkosh. 
Cor. Sec, Nellie King Donaldson, 1536 Kearney Avenue, Racine. 
Political Equality League — 

President, Ada James, Richland Center. 
Secretary, Sarah James, Oshkosh. 



218 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

WASHINGTON: 

President, Mrs. George A. Smith, corner Smith and Alki Avenue. 

Seattle. 
Cor. Sec, Mrs. C. W. Latham. 
WEST VIRGINIA: 

President, Mrs. Allie Haymond, Fairmont. 

Member Nat. Ex. Com., Mary Parsons, Grafton. 

Cor. Sec, Elizabeth I. Cummins, 1314 Chapline Street, Wheeling. 



NATIONAL AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS 

FRIENDS E. R. A.: 

Chairman, Mary Bentley Thomas, Ednor, Md. 
Member Nat. Ex. Com., Anna Willets, Roslyn, N. Y. 
COLLEGE EQUAL SUFFRAGE LEAGUE: 

President, M. Carey Thomas, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 



AFFILIATD ASSOCIATION 

EQUAL FRANCHISE SOCIETY: 

President, Jessica Garretson Finch, New York, N. Y. 



LIST OF LIFE MEMBERS 



219 



LIFE MEMBERS 



Adams, Mary Emsley 
Addams, Jane 
Alleman, Zobedia 
Albertson, Annjenette 
Anderson, Mrs. A. T. 
Anderson, Sarah E. 
♦Anders, Carrie 
Andrews, Mary S. 
♦Anthony, Susan B. 
♦Anthony, Mary S. 
Anthony, Lucy E. 
Ashley, Susan Riley 
Atkins, Martha M. 
Avery, Susan Look 
Avery, Rachel Foster 
Babcock, Maude R. 
Babcock, Elnora M. 
Bahl, Carrie 

Baker, Harriet U. Fuller 
Baker, Dr. Jennie V. 
Ballard, Adedaide 
♦Bartol, Emma J. 
Barber, Julia L. Langdon 
Barnes, Josephine A. 
Barton, Clara 
Bates, Helen N. 
♦Bates, Octavia Williams 
Belmont, Mrs. Oliver H. P. 
Bemis, Birdie May 
♦Bemis, George W. 
Bennett, Sarah Clay 
Bidwell, Annie K. 
Biggers, Kate H. 
Bissell, Sarah A. 
Blackwell, Alice Stone 
♦Blackwell, Henry B. 
Blackwell, Rev. Antoinette 

Brown 
Blankenburg, Lucretia L. 
♦Blodgett, Delos A. 
Blodgett, Daisy Peck 
Blount, Lucia E. 
Bodwell, Beda S. Sperry 



Boyer, Ida Porter 

Boyce, Eleanor B. 

Bradford, Mary C. C. 

Bradford, Emily M. 

Bradley, Victoria 

Brannay, Mrs. 

Brayton, Alice Isabel 

Brazier, Ellen K. 

Brazier, Emma J. 

Brown, Emily A. 

Brown, Annie M. 

Brown, Rev. Olympia 

Brooks, Laura Sprague 

Buchman, Jane Y. 

Burghardt, Caroline V. 

Butlin, Minerva 

Bybee, Mary Isabella 

Cachot, Catherine 

♦Campbell, Margaret W. 

Campbell, Katherine J. 

Cameron, Amelia 

♦Callanan, Martha C. 

Carpenter, Herbert S. 

Carriker, Ollie K. 
♦Carey, Cornelia H. 
Cash, Alice Scott 
Casement, Frances M. 
♦Casement, Jno. S. 
♦Catt, George W. 
Catt, Carrie Chapman 
Chandler, Mrs. A. D. 
♦Chapman, Marianna W. 
Clay, Laura 
Clay, Mary B. 
Coe, Viola M. 
Cooley, Winnifred Harper 
Colby, Clara Bewick 
♦Coggeshall, Mary J. 
Coleman, H. Dudley 
Corbett, Annie L. 
Cornwall, Amy K. 
Costelloe, Rachel 
Craigie, Mary E. 



220 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Cranston, Martha S. 

Crocker, Charlotte 

Crosset, Ella Hawley 

Cummins, Elizabeth I. 

Cummins, Anne M. 

Dann, Mrs. P. A. 

Davies, Sarah Coonley 

Day, Lucy Hobart 

Deering, Frank P. 

Deering, Mabel Craft 

Dennett, Climenia K. 

*Dewey, Emogene L. 

Dewing, Ardelia Cook 

Dewald, Kate W. 

Devoe, Emma Smith 

Diggs, Mabel La Porte 

*Dormitzer, Anna 

Doty, Audrey I. 

*Donnell, Lilla Floyd 

Duniway, Abigail Scott 

Duniway, Dorothy Edith 

Eastman, Crystal 

Eastman, Max 

Eaton, Dr. Cora Smith 

Eddy, Sarah J. 

Elliot, Albert H. 

Ely, Sophia Fuller 

*Elwell, Martha H. 

Emery, Dr. Mary E. 

*Everhard, Caroline McCul- 

lough 
Ezekiel, Rachell Brill 
Farmer, Eugenia B. 
Faulkner, Anne R. 
Fernald, Fannie J. 
Fifield, Ellen E. B. 
Fifield, Elizabeth M. 
Finnigan, Annette 
Flanders, A. Gertrude 
*Fowler, Anna G. 
♦Foster, Julia T. 
Fraser, Nicolas Shaw 
French, Blanche Culbertson 
Friedlander, Rebecca 
Fuller, Dr. Jennie 
Fulton, Dr. Abby M. 
Gage, Fannie Humphreys 



Gale, A. H. 

Gaffney, Fannie Humphreys 
Gannett, Mary T. L. 
Gannett, Charlotte Katherine 
Garrett, Elizabeth N. 
Garrett, Miss 
Garrison, Ellen Wright 
Gillett, Emma M. 
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins 
Giltner, Mary E. 
Gleason, Dr. Kate 
Gordon, Fannie R. 
Gordon, Jean M. 
Gordon, Kate M. 
Goodridge, Mrs. Benjamin 
Gould, Mary E. F. 
Goudiss, Alberta Morehouse 
Green, Grace G. 
Green, Lola M. B. 
Greenleaf, Jean Brooks 
Gregg, Laura 
♦Griffiths, Rachel Rees 
Gross, Emily Maud 
Hackstaff, Priscilla Dudley 
Hadley, Alice P. 
Hall, Florence Howe 
♦Hall, Olivia B. 
♦Hallock, Sarah V. 
Hallowell, Mary H. 
Hamilton, Susan V. 
Hamilton, Sarah Fairfield 
Ham, Ellen D. 
Harrison, O. C. 
Harper, Ida Husted 
Harwood, Bertha 
Hartshorn, Joanna 
Hauser, Elizabeth J. 
Hauser, Mary B. 
Hay, Mary G. 
Hayward, Mary Smith 
Hemstreet, Elizabeth 
Henderson, Mary Foote 
Henry, Margaret J. 
Heulings, Laura Lloyd 
Hill, Anne S. 
Hill, Nellie S. Smith 
Hinkle, Dr. George W. 



LIST OF LIFE MEMBERS 



221 



♦Holden, Belle S. 
♦Hollister, Lillian M. 
Hollingsworth, Alice L. 
♦Hooker, Isabella Beecher 
Hovenden, Martha M. 
Howard, Emma Shafter 
♦Howard, Karl 
Howard, Maude Shafter 
♦Howe, Julia Ward 
Howland, Emily 
Howland, Isabel 
Howland, Hannah L. 
Hughes, Laura C. 
Hull, Dorcas 
♦Hussey, Cornelia C. 
Hussey, Dr. Mary D. 
Hutton, May Arkwright 
Ireson, Katherine Choate 
Ives, Susan A. Whiting, 
Ivins, Emma G. 
Ivins, Wm. M. 
♦Jacobi, Dr. Mary Putnam 
James, Alvin T. 
James, Edith C. 
James, Helen M. 
Janvier, Louisa S. 
Jenkins, Alice J. 
Jenkins, Helen P. 
Jenkins, Mary S. A. 
Jewett, Fidelia 
Johnston, Eloise 
Johnston, Elizabeth 
Johnston, Mary 
Johnston, Lucy B. 
Johnson, Philena Everett 
Jordon, David Starr 
Kaufman, Viola 
Keen, Mary S. 
Keith, Mary McHenry 
♦Keith, William 
♦Kemp, Dr. Agnes 
Kent, Carrie E. 
Kendall, Anna N. 
Kendall, Elizabeth N. 
Kendall, Virginia H. 
Kenyon, Rhody J. 
Koch, Dr. Margaret 



Koethen, Lidie W. 
Krebbs, Abbie E. 
♦Krom, Mrs. S. R. 
Lapham, Mary Elizabeth 
♦Lapham, Samantha Vail 
Laughlin, Gail 
Lauterbach, Amanda F. 
Leslie, Mrs. Frank 
♦Lewis, H. J. 

Lippincott, Anna W. Heulings 
Lippincott, Caroline 
Lippincott, Emily L. 
Lippincott, Mary W. 
♦Lippincott, Susan W. 
Logan, Adella Hunt 
Logan, Nancy 
Loines, Hilda 
Loines, Mary Hillard 
Loines, Sylvia 
♦Longshore, Hannah E. 
Mackay, Katherine 
Mallory, Lucy A. 
♦Marble, Amanda J. 
Martin, L. J. 
Mayhew, Calista S. 
McCulloch, Catharine Waugh 
McCarron, Sara T. 
McClary, Clyde 
McClary, Lizzie 
♦McPherson, Mary A. 
♦McWhirter, Martha 
McHenry, Ellen J. 
♦McCall, Sallie J. 
Meredith, Emily R. 
Meredith, Ellis 
♦Merrick, Caroline E. 
Medley, Dr. Jennie E. 
♦Miller, Caroline Hallowell 
♦Miller, Anne Fitzhugh 
♦Miller, Elizabeth Smith 
Mills, Hannah Cassell 
Mills, Harriet A. 
Mills, Harriet May 
♦Minor, Virginia L. 
Morrow, Sarah E. 
Moore, Mrs. A. A. 
Mortimer, Mignonette S. 



222 



MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



*Mott, Anna C. 

Munds, Frances M. 

Munroe, Emma F. 

Murtrugh, Sara A. C. 

*Nason, Mary C. 

♦Neblett, A. Viola 

Nelson, Julia B. 

Nichols, Mae 

Norris, Fannie C. 

Noyes, Ida S. 

O'Brien, Kate Mushet 

Ordway, Evelyn Walton 

Osgood, Etta H. 

Otis, Susannah M. 

Otis, Elizabeth G. 

Overton, Constance Mills 

Parnell, Rosena M. 

Parsons, Sara Ely 

Parsons, Mrs. M. C. 

Paul, Alice 

Patchin, Hannah E. 

♦Patterson, Katherine A. G. 

Peck, Mary Gray 

Perry, Belle M. 

Peirce, Charlotte L. 

Peters, Alice E. 

Philbrick, Dr. Inez C. 

Philbrick, Mrs. M. B. 

Pierce, Alice Wheeler, 

Powers, Ellen F. 

Prather, A. S. 

Prather, Martha Fuller, 

Price, Ellen H. E. 

Purton, Euphemia C. 

Purdy, Amelia A. 

Raynsford, Georgia F. 

Rees, Jacob 

Rees, Rachel Ann 

Rendell, Elinor, 

Richards, Emily S. 

Richards, Janet E. 

Richardson, Ora Brown 

Ricker, Dr. Marcena Sherman 

Ricker, Marilla M. 

Ripley, Julia T. 

Robinson, Helen Avery 

Robinson, Caroline Hadley 



Rogers, Julia R. 
♦Romain, Jessica Coleman 
♦Romans, Metia Laub 
Rosebrook, Frances H. 
Russell, Elizabeth A. 
Samuels, Kate Tindall 
♦Sargent, Angelina M. 
♦Sargent, Ellen Clark 
Sargent, James F. 
Sanford, Mary Thayer 
Schneppe, Angie Rand 
Schofield, Martha 
Schlingheyde, Clara 
♦Scott, Caroline 
♦Segur, Rosa L. 
Sewall, May Wright 
Sexton, Minola Graham 
Shanklin, Gertrude A. 
Shaw, Pauline Agassiz 
Shaw, Rev. Anna Howard 
Siewers, Dr. Sarah M. 
Simpson, Eunice J. 
Sisson, Phobie H. 
*Slocum, Fannie T. 
Smith, Evdora Shaw 
Smith, Eleanor Shaw 
Smith, Mrs. George A. 
Smith, Judith W. 
Smith, Dr. Julia Holmes 
Smith, Myrtle 
*Snow, Sophronia C. 
Sperry, Mary Simpson 
Sperry, Dr. Mary A. 
Spencer, Philenda 
Springer, Elmina E. 
♦Spofford, C. W. 
♦Spofford, Jane H. 
Spotteswoode, Dr. Sarah C. 
Squier, Ellen Hoxie 
Stambach, Helen W. K. 
♦Stanton, Elizabeth Cady 
Stephens, Dr. Madge P. 
Steven, Jess 
Stecker, M. J. 
Stephens, Adelia C. 
Stivers, Mrs. H. 
Sturgis, Susan M. 



LIST OF LIFE MEMBERS 



223 



Stolle, Antonie 
Stockwell, Maud C. 
Stubbs, Mrs. W. R. 
♦Southworth, Louisa 
Sweet, Emma B. 
Tabor, Susan J., M.D. 
Talbot, Mary L. 
Taylor, Ezra B. 
Taylor, Lucretia Watson 
Terrell, Mary Church 
Terry, Mary E. 
Therkelsen, Mary 
Thomas, M. Carey 
♦Thomas, Gertrude C. 
Thompson, Dr. Mary A. 
♦Thompson, M. Adeline 
♦Thompson, Ellen Powell 
Thompson, Sarah Vail 
Tindall, Helen Rand 
Townsend, Marcia Allen 
Trimble, Mary B. 
Treuhart, Cornelia 
Tucker, Anna Ruth 
Turner, Sarah E. 
Upton, Harriet Taylor 
Vail, Elizabeth M. 



Villard, Fanny Garrison 
♦Wall, Sarah E. 
♦Ward, Eliza Titus 
Ward, Lydia A. Coonley 
Ward, Mary G. 
Waters, Margaret E. 
Way, Amanda 
Weeks, Anna Ross 
Wells, Anna A. 
Wells, Emmeline B. 
Whelan, Carrie A. 
Wheeler, Mary Powell 
White, Laura R. 
White, Nettie L. 
White, Armenia S. 
Wills, Madeline Frances 
Williams, Mary H. 
Williams, Julia Willetts 
Wilbour, Charlotte B. 
Wilbour, Sarah S. 
Willis, Sarah L. 
Wright, Emily G. 
Wright, Jessie Waite 
Woods, Dr. Frances 
♦Young, Clara A. 



♦ Deceased. 



224 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



MEMORIAL LIST 

Jane H. Cassidy, by Jessie Cassidy Saunders. 

Sarah A. Underwood, by Harriet Fuller Baker. 

George W. Catt (N. Y.), by Carrie Chapman Catt. 

Mary S. Anthony (N. Y.), by Sarah L. Willis. 

Mary A. Livermore (Mass.), by Mary Gage Marston. 

Ellen M. Child (N. Y.), by Emily Howland. 

Emily B. Ketcham (Mich.), by Michigan E. S. A. 

Rosa L. Segur (Ohio), by Toledo W. S. A. 

Eliza H. Hunter (Iowa), by Lona I. Robinson. 

Lizzie B. Hunt (Ohio), by Elizabeth J. Hauser. 

Rachel Rees Griffith (Okla.), by Margaret Rees. 

Charlotte le Moyne Mills (Cal.), by Madeline Frances Mills. 

Mariana F. Folsom (Tex.), by Erminia F. Folsom. 

Susan W. Lippincott (N. J.), by Caroline and Mary W. Lip- 
pincott. 

Amelia Stowell Davis, by Lavinia R. Davis. 



LIST OF OFFICERS 225 

OFFICERS— 1911-1912. 
National American Woman Suffrage Association. 

President— ANNA HOWARD SHAW, Moylan, Pa. 

1st Vice-President— JANE ADDAMS, Hull House, Chicago, Ills. 

2nd Vice-President— SOPHONISBA P. BRECKINRIDGE, Green 
Hall, University of Chicago, Ills. 

Corresponding Secretary— MARY WARE DENNETT, 505 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York. 

Recording Secretary— SUSAN W. FITZGERALD, 585 Boylston 
Street, Boston, Mass. 

Treasurer— JESSIE ASHLEY, 505 Fifth Avenue, New York. 

1st Auditor— *BELLE C. LA FOLLETTE, 1846 Wyoming Avenue, 
Washington, D. C. 

2nd Auditor— HARRIET BURTON LAIDLAW, 6 East Sixty-sixth 
Street, New York. 

Editor of "The Woman's Journal"— ALICE STONE BLACKWELL, 
3 Monadnock Street, Dorchester, Mass. 



HONORARY VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

California— Dora K. Crittenden, Louise Merrill Pratt, Mrs. M. V. 
Longley, Rebecca Spring, Caroline M. Severance, Amanda Way, Har- 
riet A. Hobe, Mary H. Johnson. 

Colorado— E. M. Ashley, Hon. Alva Adams, Judge Ben Lindsey, 
Emily Meredith, J. Warner Mills, Ex-Gov. John L. Routt, Hon. I. N. 
Stevens, Amy K. Cornwall, Mary L. Carr, Hon. E. M. Ammons. 

Connecticut — Joseph Sheldon, Prof. C Howard Young. 

Delaware— Chief Justice Chas. B. Lore, Ex-Gov. John Hunn, Hon. 
Washington Hastings. 

District of Columbia— Caroline H. Dall, Dr. Wm. Tindall, Mrs. 
Rufus Saxton, Mrs. Stephen A. Richey. 

Illinois— Hon. James T. Cartwright, Julia Mills Dunn, Elizabeth 
Boynton Tlarbert, Mary E. Holmes, Elmina E. Springer, Susan Look 
Avery, Elizabeth J. Loomis, Harriet Fox McFadden. 

Indiana — Wm. Dudley Foulke. 

Iowa — S. J. Cole, Dr. Mark A. Dashiell. 

Kansas— Rev. J. V. McAfie, Sarah T. D. Robinson, Jane Slocum, 
Dr. Lucy Hobbs Taylor, Anna C. Wait. 



♦Since resigned. 



226 MINUTES OF SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Kentucky— Mrs. W. W. Trimble. 

Maine — Hannah J. Bailey, Ann F. Greeley, Mrs. Geo. S. Hunt, 
Margaret T. W. Merrill, Sarah F. Hamilton, Henry Blanchard, D.D. 

Maryland— Elizabeth York Case, John J. Cornell, Harriet Jackson, 
Susanna Moore Maddox, Mrs. E. B. Murdock, Elizabeth Thomas, 
H. Mary Trimble, Amanda Peterman. 

Massachusetts — Hon. John D. Long, Adeline .Howland. 

Minnesota — Priscilla M. Miles, Dr. Martha A. Ripley, Julia B. 
Nelson, Mrs. A. T. Anderson. 

Michigan — Dean M. Jenkins, Hon. Thomas W. Palmer. 

Missouri — Mrs. Beverly Allen, Rebecca N. Hazzard. 

Montana — Mrs. P. A. Dann. 

New Hampshire — Henry W. Blair, Armenia S. White. 

Nebraska— Mary Rogers Kimball, Caroline M. Nye, Maria C. 
Arter, Vanessa M. Goff. 

New Jersey — Rev. Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Phebe C. Wright. 

New York — Anna C. Field, Jean B. Greenleaf, Mary H. H'allowell, 
Emily Howland, Lewia C. Smith, Matilda F. Wendt, Sylvina Green, 
Martha J. H. Stebbins. 

North Carolina— Mrs. E. J. Aston. 

Oregon — Abigail Scott Duniway, Mrs. H. J. Hendershot, Mrs. H. 
A. Laughary, Dr. Mary Thompson, Col. C. A. Reed, A. C. Sanford. 

Ohio — Frances M. Casement. 

Pennsylvania — Charlotte L. Peirce, Dr. Jane V. Myers, Dr. 
Harriet J. Sartajn, Rudolph Blankenburg, Elizabeth B. Passmore, Pres. 
Joseph Swain. 

South Carolina — Marion Morgan Buckner, Gen. Robert H. Hemp- 
hill, S. Oddie Sirrine. 

Tennessee — Lide P. Merriwether, Elizabeth Lyle Saxon. 

Utah— Jane S. Richards, Emmeline B. Wells. Bathsheba W. Smith. 

Vermont — Mrs. A. D. Chandler, Hon. Jas. Hutchinson. 

Washington — Hon. Roger S. Greene, Elizabeth Palmer Spinning. 

West Virginia — Anna C. Boyd. Mrs. M. J. Grove, Hon. A. J. 
Mitchell, Jennie Wilson, Mrs. M. L. Ott. 

Wisconsin — Harriet P. Dingee. 

Wyoming— Hon. Wm. Bright, Hon. John W. Hoyt. 



LIST OF OFFUT.KS 227 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 

Program — Anna Howard Shaw, Moylan, Pa.; Sophnnisha I'. 
Breckinridge, University of Chicago; Belle C La Lollette, L86< Wyom- 
ing Avenue, Washington, D. C; Mary Ware Dennett, 505 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York. Local member to be appointed. 

Press — Caroline 1. Reilly, SOS Fifth Avenue, New York. 

Enrollment — K. Jean Nelson Pcnlicld, 1 Madison Avenue, New 
York. 

Literature — Mary Ware Dennett, 505 Fifth Avenue, New York; 
Alice Stone Blaekwell, :t Monadnock Street. Dorchester, Mass.; Mary 
Johnston, Richmond, Va.; Alice I.. Park, Palo Alto, Cal. ; Mrs. Ray 
mond Brown, 294 West Ninety second Street, New York; Ellen t ;i.is 
gow, 1 West Eighty-fifth Street. New York; Mary K. Plununer, Fine 
Arts Bldg., Chicago; Frances Maule Bjorktnan, BOS Fifth Avenue, 
New York; Zona Gale, Portage, Wis.; Dr. Maude Glasgow, 110 East 
Eighty-first Street, New York. 

Presidential Suffrage— Elizabeth U. Yates, 209 Butler Avenue, 
Providence, R. I. 

Local Arrangements and Railroad Rates — Lucy E, Anthony, 
Moylan, Pa. 



SPECIAL COMMITTEES. 

Church Work — Mary E. Craigie, 295 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, 
N. Y. 

Peace and Arbitration — Lucia Ames Mead, 89 Newbury Street, 
Boston, Mass. 

Education — Pauline Steinem, 2228 Scottwood Avenue, Toledo, O. 

Endorsements by Organizations — Mary Ware Dennett, 505 Fifth 
Avenue, New York. 

Congressional — Mrs. Wm, Kent, 1925 F. Street, Washington, D. 
C; Miss Emma Gillette, 1410 F Street, N. W.. Washington, D. C. 
Mrs. Robert La Follette, 1846 Wyoming Avenue, Washington, D. C. 
Mrs. Victor Berger, 3540 Thirteenth Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 
Mrs. Robert Owen, Washington, D. C. ; Mrs. Claude U. Stone, 119 
Maryland Avenue, Washington, D. C. ; Mrs. Harvey W. Wiley, l sis 
Biltmore Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Membership — Laura Clay, Richmond, Ky. ; Harriet May Mills, 180 
Madison Avenue. New York; Susan W. Fitzgerald, 585 Boylston 
Street, Boston; Caroline Katzenstein, Male Bldg., Philadelphia, Pa.; 
Mrs. Huntley Russell, Comstock Place, Grand Rapids, Mich. 



228 LIST OF PREVIOUS CONVENTIONS 

Labor Organizations — Dr. Luema G. Johnson, 1014 Sixth Avenue, 
Tacoma, Wash.; Maude Younger, Labor Temple, 316 Fourteenth 
Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

The Woman's Journal — Mary Beard, 501 West One Hundred and 
Twenty-first Street, New York; Henrietta W. Livermore, 144 Park 
Avenue, Yonkers, N. Y.; Mrs. Stanley McCormick, 393 Common- 
wealth Avenue, Boston; Elinor Byrns, 5 Nassau Street, New York; 
Anita C. Whitney, Webster Street, Oakland, Cal.; Mrs. Mary Austin, 
456 Riverside Drive, New York. 

Ways and Means — M. Carey Thomas, Bryn Mawr, Pa.; Mrs. 
Mary McHenry Keith, Berkeley, Cal.; Katherine Dexter McCormick, 
393 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Mass.; Mrs. Donald Hooker, 
Cedar Lawn, Baltimore, Md.; Mrs. Cornley Ward, Chicago, 111.; 
Mrs. Lila Mead Valentine, Richmond, Va. 



Previous conventions have been held at the following places: 

Washington, D. C, March 4 to 7, 1884. 
Washington, D. C, January 16 to 19, 1893. 
Washington, D. C, February 15 to 20, 1894. 
Atlanta, Ga., January 31 to February 5, 1895. 
Washington, D. C, January 23 to 28, 1896. 
Des Moines, la., January 26 to 29, 1897. 
Washington, D. C, February 13 to 19, 1898. 
Grand Rapids, Mich., April 27 to May 3, 1899. 
Washington, D. C, February 8 to 14, 1900. 
Minneapolis, Minn., June 1 to 5, 1901. 
Washington, D. C, February 14 to 18, 1902. 
New Orleans, La., March 15 to 25, 1903. 
Washington, D. C, February 11 to 17, 1904. 
Portland, Ore., June 28 to July 5, 1905. 
Baltimore, Md., February 7 to 13, 1906. 
Chicago, 111., February 14 to 19, 1907. 
Buffalo, N. Y., October 15 to 21, 1908. 
Seattle, Wash., July 1 to 6, 1909. 
Washington, D. C, April 14 to 19, 1910. 



INDEX. 

Page. 

Auditors, Report of 1° 

Auxiliary Associations, List of 214 

Auxiliary Associations, Reports of 100 

Convention, Call to 3 

Church Work Committee, Report of 58 

Committees, Standing and Special 227 

Congressional Committee, Report of 40 

Constitution and By-Laws 204 

Contributors, List of 198 

Corresponding Secretary, Report of 12 

Credentials Committee, Report of 10 

Delegates Present at the Convention 212 

District Organization, California 65 

Education Committee, Report of 49 

Election of Officers 186 

Endorsement by Organizations, Report of 47 

Enrollment Committee, Report of 62 

Executive Committee, Meetings of 176 and 195 

Financial Report for 1910 85 

General Officers, Meetings of 166 

Headquarters Work (see Corresponding Secretary, Report of) . . 12 

International Alliance, Report of 81 

Legal Adviser, Report of 68 

Life Members, List of 219 

Literature Committee (see Corresponding Secretary, Report of) 12 

Minutes of Convention 166 

Memorial List 224 

Officers, List of 218-225 

Peace and Arbitration Committee, Report of 54 

Pledge List 196 

Presidential Suffrage Committee, Report of 67 

Press Bureau, Report of 32 

Press Work Conference 36 

Previous Conventions, List of 228 

Program ,, 5 

Resolutions Committee, Report of 76 

Revising Constitution, Report of Committee on 162 

Treasurer, Report of 29 

Woman's Journal, Report of 37 

Woman's Journal, Contract for 209 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



FORTY- FOURTH ANNUAL 
CONVENTION 



OF THE 



NATIONAL -AMERICAN 

WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

ASSOCIATION 



r 



WJ 



HELD AT PHILADELPHIA, PA. 
NOVEMBER 21 to 26 

(INCLUSIVE) 

1912 



FORTY-FOURTH 
ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



NATIONAL-AMERICAN WOMAN 
SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION 

GIVEN AT THE CONVENTION 

HELD AT 



PHILADELPHIA, PA. 
NOVEMBER 21 to 26 

(INCLUSIVE) 

19 12 



Jfr 



PUBLISHED AT HEADQUARTERS 
505 FIFTH AVENUE. NEW YORK 



n> 



.4 



INDEX 



PAGE 

Auditors, Report of 30 

Auxiliary Associations, List of 116 

Auxiliary Associations, Reports of 63 

Budget 38 

Call 3 

Campaign States, Reports of 63 

Campaigns, Contributions from N. A. W. S. A 42 

Church Work Committee, Report of 54 

Committees, Standing and Special 127 

Congressional Committee, Report of 44 

Constitution and By-Laws 105 

Corresponding Secretary, Report of 14 

Credentials Committee, Report of 12 

Delegates present at Convention 101 

Endorsement by Organizations, Report of Committee on 60 

Facts for Delegates ' 39 

Financial Report 33 

Headquarters, Expense Comparison — Warren, O., and New York 

City 43 

Honorary Vice-Presidents, List of 125 

Legal Adviser, Report of 46 

Life Members, List of 110 

Literature Committee, Report of 14 

Literature Department, Financial Statement of 40 

Membership, Increase in 42 

Minutes of Convention 86 

Officers, List of 124 

Peace and Arbitration Committee, Report of 48 

Pledge List 98 

Presidential Suffrage Committee, Report of 44 

Press Bureau, Report of 21 

Previous Conventions, List of 128 

Program 5 

Resolutions Committee, Report of 61 

Treasurer, Report of 33 

Woman's Journal, Financial Statement of 41 

Woman's Journal, Report of 25 




CALL TO THE FORTY-FOURTH CONVENTION OF 
THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUF- 
FRAGE ASSOCIATION. 

We hereby send out across this great continent, east 
and west, north and south, a call to you, who have so long 
been our comrades in the crusade for human progress and 
for women's freedom. 

We send a call to you, also, you thousands who are 
just coming forward to join us, you who are to be our 
comrades in the great future before us. Come and realize 
the inspiration that sustains the common advocacy of a great 
Cause ; the exhilaration of soul that rises in everyone who is 
part of a great united effort. 

No suffragist can remain unmoved by the tide of en- 
thusiasm which will carry this convention along when we 
come in November with hearts beating high with victory. 
"Failure is impossible," and even temporary defeats become 
less and less frequent. This will be a triumphant convention. 
If from any campaign State you cannot come in triumph, you 
will come with unconquerable determination and undimin- 
ished zeal to tell of a new campaign. The corrupt interests 
and politicians must learn that we cannot be defeated, that 
their temporary advantage over equal suffrage is petty, un- 
economic and futile. 

This convention has big problems confronting it, inter- 
esting, stimulating problems coincident with the tremend- 

-- -^pus expansion of our government, problems worthy the in- 

"* domitable mettle of suffrage workers. But in spite of hard 

■ work, this week will be a gala week, a compensation to you 

for all the hard, dull, gray work during the past year and 

J a stimulus for still harder work during the year to come. 

ci Come and hear how your great National Suffrage Or- 

ganization, sensitive to the laws of demand and supply in 
the suffrage world, has evolved an important suffrage pub- 



4 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

lication centre; how with its ear ever bent to catch the first 
footfall of Liberty around the whole earth, the National Press 
Bureau has received and disseminated wonderful volumes of 
news relative to the freedom and advancement of women- 
kind. 

Come and listen to your fellow-workers, and listening 
and sympathizing with the unselfish labor being carried on 
everywhere, pledge yourself to a flaming loyalty to suffrage 
and suffragists that will burn away all dross of dissension, 
all barriers to united effort. 

Let us come with high resolve that we shall never waver 
in our effort to obtain the right to stand side by side with 
the men of this country in the mortal struggle that shall 
bid perish from this land political corruption, privilege, pros- 
titution, the industrial slavery of men, women and children, 
and all exploitation of humanity. 

Let us come together then, in this autumn of 1912, this 
unprecedented year of suffrage in the United States, con- 
secrating ourselves anew on this, the greatest of all battle- 
grounds for democracy, the United States of America. 

Anna Howard Shaw, 
Jane Addams, 
Sophonisba Breckinridge, 
Mary Ware Dennett, 
Susan W. Fitzgerald, 
Jessie Ashley, 

Katharine Dexter McCormick, 
Harriet Burton Laidlaw, 
Alice Stone Blackwell. 
General Officers of the N. A. W. S. A. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



PROGRAM 

THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21 
Morning, 10.00 O'clock 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE MEETING in Westminster Hall, Withcr- 
spoon Building (take elevator to third floor). 
The meeting will adjourn at 11. .'{<). 

NOON 

Outdoor Rally at Independence Square (weather permitting; if stormy, 
meeting will he held next day). 

Speaking from live platforms. 

MANAGER 

Miss Elizaheth Freeman 

CHAIRMEN 

Miss Jane Campbell Mrs. Camillo von Klenze 

Mrs. Caroline Bartlett Crane Mrs. Teresa Crowley 
Miss Florence Allen 



SPEAKERS 



Rev. Anna Howard Shaw 

Mrs. Susan FitzGerald 

Mrs. Harriet Burton Laidlaw 

Mrs. Ella Stewart 

Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton 

Miss Elizabeth Hauser 

Miss Helen Eacker 

Mrs. Katharine Hoffman 

Mrs. Clara Colby 

Mrs. Robert La Follette 

Mrs. B. C. Gudden 

Miss Ada James 

Miss Flora Gapen 

Arthur I). Rees 

Frank Stephens 

Dr. Ruth A. Deeter 

Miss Alice Paul 

! leli ii Hoy Greeley 



Rose Bower 

Mrs. Jennie Law Hardy 
Miss Maude Younger 

Sarah Evans 
Mrs. Laura Gregg Cannon 
Miss Louise Hall 
Mrs. Agnes Jenks 
Miss Harriet May Mills 
Miss Margarel Foley 
Mrs. Harriot Stanton Blatch 
Mrs. Marie Jniney 1 lowe 
Mrs. Maude Nathan 
Mrs. Mabel Cronise Jones 
Mrs. Frances Maule Bjorkman 
Florence L. Sanville 
Albert H. Coggins 
Miss Mary Ingham 
Mrs. Crystal Eastman Benedict 



6 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Reading of the Women's Declaration of Rights— Mrs. Otis Skinner— 
followed by ceremony in honor of the only living signer 

Mrs. Charlotte Pierce 

Presentation by Anna Anthony Bacon 



Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Convention Called to Order by the President 

Welcome on behalf of the City of Philadelphia Mayor Blankenburg 

Welcome on behalf of the Pennsylvania W. S. A Mrs. Ellen Price 

Response on behalf of the N. A. W. S. A. .Mrs. Harriet Burton Laidlaw 

Greetings from Fraternal Delegates 

Report of Membership Committee Laura Clay 

Preliminary Report of Credentials Committee Jessie Ashley 

Report of Corresponding Secretary Mary Ware Dennett 

Report of Auditors Katharine Dexter McCormick 

Report of Treasurer Jessie Ashley 

Report of Press Bureau Caroline I. Reilly 

Report of Literature Committee Mary Ware Dennett 



Evening, 8.00 O'clock 
CAMPAIGN NIGHT 
Jane Addams, Presiding 

President's Annual Address Anna Howard Shaw 

Addresses from leaders in the winning States : 

Kansas Arizona 

Michigan Oregon 

FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 22 

Morning, 10.00 O'clock 

Report of Committee on Presidential Suffrage Elizabeth U. Yates 

Report of Enrollment Committee E. Jean Nelson Penfield 

Report of Legal Adviser Mary Towle 

Report of Ways and Means Committee M. Carey Thomas 

Recommendations from the Executive Committee. 
Amendments to the Constitution. 
Report of "The Woman's Journal." 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION " 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Alabama Patty J acobs 

Arizona Frances W. Munds 

California Mary McHenry Keith 

Colorado Harriet G. R. Whight 

Connecticut Maud Hincks 

District of Columbia Leopoldine K. Barber 

Georgia Mary McLendon 

Illinois ( Jrace Wilbur Trout 

Indiana W. S. A \nna Dunn Noland 

Indiana Woman's Franchise League \mki.ia R. Keller 

SYMPOSIUM ON NATIONAL WORK 

An open discussion by the Delegates : 

Press Work 

Propaganda 

Congressional Work 

Traveling Exhibits 

Political Work 

Suffrage in District of Columbia 

Evening, 8.00 O'clock 

MEN'S NIGHT 

James Lees Laidlaw, Presiding 

Addresses by 
Jesse Lynch Williams Frederick C. Howe 

Witter Bynner Judge Dimner Beeber 

A. S. G. Taylor James Mythen Grattan 

Reginald Wright Kauffmann 



SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23 
Morning, 10.00 O'clock 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Iowa Mary Safford 

Kansas Lucy B. Johnston 



8 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Kentucky Laura Clay 

Louisiana Kate M. Gordon 

Maine Helen D. Bates 

Maryland W. S. A Etta Maddox Funck 

Maryland Just Government League Edith Houghton Hooker 

Maryland State Equal Franchise League . . . Elizabeth King Ellicott 

Massachusetts Alice Stone Blackwell 

Michigan Clara Arthur 

Symposium on Local Work 
Arranged by the Mississippi Valley Conference Grace Wilbur Trout 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Report of Church Work Committee. Mary E. Craigie 

Report of Peace and Arbitration Committee Lucia Ames Mead 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Minnesota W. S. A Alice Ames Hall 

Minnesota Equal Franchise League Teresa Peyton 

Missouri Mrs. Robert Atkinson 

Mississippi Lily Wilkinson Thompson 

Nebraska Inez C. Philbrick 

New Hampshire Mary N. Chase 

New Jersey Clara Laddey 

New York W. S. A .Harriet May Mills 

New York W. S. P E. Jean Nelson Penfield 

New York W. P. U Harriot Stanton Blatch 

National College Equal Suffrage League M. Carey Thomas 



Evening, 8.00 O'clock 

COLLEGE NIGHT 

M. Carey Thomas, Presiding 
Woman Suffrage Debate, conducted by National College Equal Suffrage 

League 

Anti-Suffrage Speakers 

A fine lady, bargain hunting 
A wife and mother 
An unorganized woman worker 
A tenement house mother 

Suffrage Speakers 

A cloud of witnesses, including woman voters, campaign 
workers, child labor workers, night-court lawyers, etc. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 9 

SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 24 
Afternoon, 3.00 O'clock 

Metropolitan Opera House 
THANKSGIVING SERVICE 
Anna Howard Shaw, Presiding 

Prayer The Rt. Rev. Philip Mercer Rhinelander 

(Bishop of Pennsylvania) 
Hymn — "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" 

(Chorus and Audience) 

Address — "Woman Suffrage and Child Welfare". .. .Miss Julia Lathrop 
Address — "The Democracy of Sex and Color," 

Dr. W. E. Burghardt DuBois 
Offering 

Anthem — "O! Lord, How Manifold Are Thy Works" Barnby 

(Sung by Chorus) 
Address — "The Communion of the Ballot" Jane Addams 

Music — Instrumental — 2.30-3.00 

Director of Music, Mr. Samuel J. Riegel 

Opening Prayer Bishop Rhinelander 

Hymn — "Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty!" 

(Sung by Chorus and Audience) 

The Officers of the Association "At Home" to members of the Conven- 
tion and friends in Banquet Hall of Hotel Walton at 8 o'clock 
P. M. 

MONDAY, NOVEMBER 25 
Morning, 10.00 O'clock 

Report of Committee on Endorsements Mary Ware Dennett 

Report of Labor Organizations Committee Luema G. Johnson 

Final Report of Credentials Committee Jessie Ashley 

Election of Officers 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Nevada Anne Martin 

Ohio W. S. A Harriet Taylor Upton 

Ohio Equal Franchise Association Flora Worthington 

Oklahoma Ruth Gay 

Oregon Abagail Scott Duniway 



10 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Oregon, Portland Equal Suffrage League Josephine Hirsch 

Oregon, Everybody's Equal Suffrage League. .Esther Pohl Love joy 

Pennsylvania W. S. A Ellen Price 

Rhode Island Elizabeth U. Yates 



Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Report of Education Committee. . . '. Pauline Steinem 

Report of Congressional Committee Elizabeth Kent 

Report of Resolutions Committee. 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Texas Annette Finnegan 

Tennessee Sarah Barnwell Elliott 

Vermont J UL i A A. Pierce 

Virginia Lila Meade Valentine 

West Virginia Allie Haymond 

Wisconsin W. S. A '. Olympia Brown 

Washington Suffrage League Catherine M. Smith 

Friends' E. R. A Mary Bentley Thomas 

Equal Franchise Society Maude Nathan 

Unfinished Business. 



Evening, 8.00 O'clock 

Anna Howard Shaw, Presiding 

Three-minute speeches by 

Rt. Rev. James Henry Darlington 

Mrs. Blankenburg 

Mrs. Blatch 

Miss Jane Campbell 

Miss Anne Martin 

Mrs. La Follette 

Miss Breckinridge 

Addresses from leaders in the "postponed" campaign States : 
Ohio Wisconsin 

Address Baroness Bertha von Suttner 

Address Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 11 

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 26 
Morning, 10.00 O'clock 

Final Executive Meeting, Westminster Hall, Witherspoon Building (take 
elevator to third floor). 



12 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

State Entitled to Present Dues 

Alabama 7 4 $40.50 

Arizona 5 30.00 

California 5 4 30.00 

Colorado 1 5.00 

Connecticut 52 18 500.00 

Delaware 4 4 12.40 

District of Columbia 6 6 32.00 

Georgia 1 1 8.50 

Illinois 12 10 100.00 

Indiana 4 1 12.20 

Iowa 8 4 52.00 

Kansas 6 3 36.50 

Kentucky 18 12 159.20 

Louisiana 10 75.00 

Maine 4 4 19.30 

Maryland 7 5 43.00 

Maryland — Just Government League. . 17 17 150.00 
Maryland — State Equal Franchise 

League 7 7 45.00 

Massachusetts 21 20 185.50 

Michigan 7 5 41.80 

Minnesota 13 3 108.10 

Minnesota — Equal Franchise League. 5 3 30.00 

Missouri 7 4 41.80 

Mississippi 1 7.30 

Nebraska 6 1 34.70 

Nevada 5 1 26.80 

New Hampshire 8 8 50.50 

New Jersey 9 8 68.20 

New York 49 49 465.60 

New York— Woman Suffrage Party. . 4 2 30.00 

New York— Women's Political Union 5 5 30.00 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 13 

State Entitled to Present Dues 

Ohio 17 14 150.00 

Ohio — Equal Franchise League 6 5 32.50 

Oklahoma 3 1 10.00 

Oregon 1 5.00 

Oregon — Everybody's Equal Suffrage 

League 5 1 30.00. 

Oregon — Portland Equal Suffrage 
League 4 

Pennsylvania 28 

Rhode Island 5 

Tennessee 4 

Texas 1 

Vermont 1 

Virginia 12 

Wisconsin 5 

Wisconsin — Political Equality League 9 

Washington 1 

West Virginia 1 

Maryland — Friends' Equal Rights As- 
sociation 4 

New York — Equal Franchise Society 1 

Pennsylvania — National College Equal 

Suffrage League 36 17 338.40 

SUMMARY 

Total number of votes convention entitled to 458 

Number present 308 

JESSIE ASHLEY, 

Chairman. 



1 


30.00 


28 


252.54 


5 


21.00 


2 


11.30 





5.00 


1 


6.00 


12 


95.00 


4 


30.00 


2 


69.60 





8.70 


1 


9.70 


4 


17.00 


1 


10.00 



14 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



REPORT OF THE CORRESPONDING SECRETARY 

AND CHAIRMAN OF THE LITERATURE 

COMMITTEE. 

On the advice of the President, this will be two reports 
combined in one, for it is well nigh impossible to deter- 
mine where the work of the Corresponding Secretary leaves 
off and that of the Literature Chairman begins. The two 
things are completely intermingled. 

During the last few weeks, the winning of four new, 
suffrage States, the preparations for the Convention and the 
loss of four of our office force, have proved to be a com- 
bination of events which has rendered it physically impos- 
sible to go through the letter file of the entire year and 
weed out data for a comprehensive report. For the absence 
of such, the volume of work must itself serve as the excuse. 

The Official Board has recommended that the report of 
this year's convention shall be as far as possible printed in 
tabular form, so that suffrage progress may be seen at a 
glance. In anticipation, therefore, the statistical information 
has been prepared which is found upon the large wall 
placards and in the little folders given to each delegate. The 
three most striking indications of the year's progress are 
the increase in membership, which has nearly doubled in 
dues-paying members, and more than doubled in registered 
membership; the increase in the sale of literature and sup- 
plies, which in a single month has exceeded the amount re- 
ceived in the whole year of 1909; and the fact that all the 
great national, and some of the international press syndi- 
cates now send their best writers to Headquarters for data 
from which are written newspaper articles on suffrage that 
reach millions of readers. 

We are often asked at Headquarters, and by mail, what 
the National Association is for and what it does. The 
briefest answer that can be given is that we furnish ammuni- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 15 

tion for the suffrage fight. The ammunition is of many sorts 
from money, leaflets and buttons, to historical data, slide lec- 
tures, and advice on organization. The aim of the Head- 
quarters office has been to provide working suffragists and 
an inquiring public with whatever they need or want. We 
are still a long distance short of achievement, but are dis- 
tinctly hopeful. One decided advantage in making Head- 
quarters more useful to visitors has been the enlargement 
of the main office. A partition was removed, which gave us 
a large, light room in which all our publications are ac- 
cessible for consultation or purchase, all the chief suffrage 
periodicals of the world are on file, the gallery of eminent 
suffiragists is on exhibition, and all the various kinds of sup- 
plies, like buttons, pennants, posters, etc., are shown. It 
serves as a reference library as well, for beside the History 
of Woman Suffrage, the life of Susan B. Anthony, and the 
bound volumes of The Woman's Journal, there is a collection 
of books on interests allied to suffrage, which have been 
selected and approved by the Board. These also are on 
sale. 

The corps of workers at Headquarters, aside from the 
three executive officers — the President, Treasurer and Sec- 
retary — consists of the Chairman of the Press Bureau, and for 
two months, her assistant ; for the literature department, the 
Editor, the Manager, her assistant, and the partial services 
of the general office clerk and the general helper; the book- 
keeper and two stenographers. 

There is an increasing demand for suffrage facts rather 
than for suffrage argument. It was in response to this de- 
mand that it became necessary to appoint an editor for 
the literature department. Fully half of the publications 
needed revising and bringing up to date, and new compilations 
of data were urgently needed. 

Mrs. Frances Maule Bjorkman, a trained newspaper and 
magazine writer, was chosen, and has filled the position 
admirably. She has not only edited the literature, but has 
rendered invaluable assistance in responding to calls for 
statistical and historical data of all sorts. 



16 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

The rainbow fliers still remain our cheapest and most 
popular form of literature. The one on labor has been entirely 
rewritten and is now a direct appeal to the 8,000,000 working 
women, instead of an endorsement by working men. 

Of the next cheapest literature, the Political Equality 
leaflets, the oldest and least effective have, been entirely dis- 
carded, the form has been changed to wider columns and 
larger print, twenty-three of the most called for ones have 
been reprinted, five have been renamed and revised, and eigh- 
teen wholly new ones have been published. The testimony 
from the suffrage States has been revamped and better 
classified than ever before. 

We have issued a companion set for the rainbow fliers. 
We have also published the rainbow fliers in Norwegian, and 
added a new one specially written by Mrs. Bjorkman and 
translated by Mr. Bjorkman. It is an appeal to all the Scandi- 
navian-American voters to remember the progress their 
several native lands have made in equal suffrage and urges 
them to give the American suffrage work a lift to bring it to 
a like stage of advance. 

A special flier was written for women in the rural dis- 
tricts. It was greatly needed, as most of our previous lit- 
erature was based on problems growing out of city conges- 
tion. This flier, entitled "Farmers' Wives, Consider This," 
was the outgrowth of a prize offered by Mrs. Luscomb of 
Massachusetts for the best leaflet written for country women. 

Another timely flier was printed just after the political 
conventions, giving the stand of all five presidential can- 
didates on suffrage. A large edition of little red, white and 
blue dodgers was gotten out for the Fourth of July and 
other holiday use. 

A leaflet of special service this year was "The Cost of 
Living and the Ballot," by Lida Parce, reprinted by courtesy 
of The Progressive Woman. Three pamphlets, one by Miss 
Blackwell ("Militant Methods") and two by Mrs. Porritt ("The 
Causes of the Revolt of the Women in England," and "The Mili- 
tant Movement in England") have excellently served to ex- 
plain the English situation and demonstrated that "mili- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 17 

tancy" is unnecessary in America, as yet. This year's crop 
of answers to the "Antis" is specially bright and compre- 
hensive. There is the flier answering the anti-platform, "An 
Anti-Suffrage Monologue" by Marie Jenney Howe, "The Truth 
Versus Richard Barry," a parallel column pamphlet that was 
rushed out for the benefit of the Ohio campaign where Barry 
was still an unlaid ghost. The surprise booklet, which con- 
tains "all the reasons why the ballot should not be granted 
to women" — and we are indebted to a Louisiana man for 
the inspiration of its blank white pages — and finally the 
"Twenty-five Answers to Antis," being a brilliant series of five- 
minute speeches by prominent people. This is an illustrated, 
prettily printed pamphlet, quite suitable for a suffrage Christ- 
mas gift. 

We also have on sale the two clinching replies to Minnie 
Bronson's statistical pretensions, one by Miss Breckinridge 
and Miss Abbott, published by the Boston League, and the 
other by Florence Kelley, Pauline Goldmark and Josephine Gold- 
mark, published by the New Hampshire campaign committee. 

It is interesting to note in passing that the organized 
anti-suffragists have issued a leaflet giving their entire list 
of twenty-seven publications, which may be purchased for 
fifty cents. The suffrage association issues 250 kinds of lit- 
erature and it takes $50 to buy them all. 

"If I Were a Woman," by Judge Lindsey, and "What 
the Ballot Will Do for Women and for Men," by Frederic 
C. Howe, are masterly presentations of suffrage argument 
of the most up-to-date sort. 

The best historic pamphlets of the year are Mrs. Catt's 
"World Movement for Woman Suffrage," published by the 
International Alliance, and Mrs. Harper's "How Six States 
Won Woman Suffrage," which we reprinted from "The In- 
dependent." 

"Why Women Should Vote," by Jane Addams has, per- 
haps, been the most read single pamphlet in our entire list 
of new publications. 

"Why Women Want to Vote" and "Where Women 
Vote" are twin booklets by Mrs. Bjorkman, one giving argu- 



18 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

merit and the other testimony, both in wonderfully concise 
and useful form. 

The new edition of "Arguments and Results," which we 
send in response to requests for debate material, is the best 
little book for twenty-five cents that has yet been issued. 

Two more of the series "What Women Might Do with 
the Ballot" have been published, one by Mrs. Mead, "The 
Abolition of the War System," the other by Benjamin Marsh, 
"Wanted — Women's Vlotes to Thwart Landlords' Greed." 
"Bondwomen," by Dora Marsden, is reprinted from The 
Freewoman, and is an admirable bit of fundamental argu- 
ment. 

We put on sale Selma Lagerlof's great speech at the 
last International meeting, and have it in both Swedish and 
English. 

We are indebted to the New York Men's League for 
three good booklets, "The Common Man and the Franchise," 
by Professor Charles Beard; "Values of the Vote," and 
"Is Woman Suffrage Important," by Max Eastman. Secured 
also from other organizations are "The Guardianship of 
Children," by Catherine Waugh McCulloch ; "The Women 
of Tomorrow," by William Hard; "Votes and Babies" and 
"The Political Duties of Mothers," by Mrs. Porritt, and "Sen- 
ators vs. Working Women," a set of six booklets from The 
Wage Earners' League, and a very moving little collection of 
speeches they are, too. 

Our last publication and in many respects the most 
important one of the year, is "Organizing to Win." This 
is a hand-book for suffrage workers and gives every stage of 
organization by political districts. It is at once specific 
and inspiring. No active suffragists can afford to do with- 
out it. 

We have published over 3,000,000 pieces of literature in 
the year. Our total receipts from literature and supplies 
have been $13,004, or $746 over the cost of the printing and 
purchase. Our record month was September, when our re- 
ceipts were more than the entire receipts for the whole 
year of L909. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 19 

It has been the ambition of the literature department, 
not only to have receipts pay for the actual cost of print- 
ing and the supplies, but also to pay for every single expense 
connected with the work. We have, therefore, charged 
against the literature its proportionate share of office rent, 
salaries and general expenses, with the result that if we 
count our unsold stock and our uncollected bills as assets, we 
have a net gain for the year of $3,578.57. About $700 worth 
of literature has been sold in the office, the remainder hav- 
ing been ordered by mail. 

Through the courtesy of the Illinois Association, and the 
generosity of Miss Addams and Miss Breckinridge, who paid 
for the rent and service, a sub-station for the supply of lit- 
erature was established at the Chicago Headquarters, in 
April. The sales at this Western Branch have been $1,924.75. 
It would seem well worth while to continue this service, 
as it lessens both time and express charges for western 
customers. 

Also, for the benefit of western suffragists, Mrs. Mc- 
Cormick made a gift of a sample copy of every one of our 
new publications to the presidents of State Associations, in 
eighteen of the Western States, as a means of bringing them 
in closer touch with the National office. 

The supplies for this year, besides the customary pen- 
nants and buttons, and it will be noted that there is a new 
ten-star button, include note paper, calendars, Christmas 
greetings, ribbons, teacups, bundle tape and ribbon and 
various trifles for gifts and reminders. 

The Headquarters office co-operated in the production of 
a moving picture play entitled, "Votes for Women," in which 
Miss Shaw and Miss Addams and a score of other suffra- 
gists took part, along with the professional actors. The 
play has been much in demand all over the country. 

Our list of twenty-two plays, suitable for amateur pro- 
duction, has filled a growing demand. "How the Vote Was 
Won" is still the most popular of them all. 

Aside from our own literature we have been grateful 
for a very serviceable Congressional document, thousands of 



20 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

which have been distributed in the last few months, the 
speech of Congressman Taylor of Colorado. It proved a suc- 
cessful and timely campaign document, and we are indebted, 
not only to Congressman Taylor, but to a most efficient vol- 
unteer worker in Washington — Mrs. Helen Gardner — who 
gave unstinted personal service in seeing that the docu- 
ments were secured and franked when needed. 

In midsummer we had the disheartening news of the 
postponement of the payment of the Coggeshall legacy. This 
produced a tragic change in our financial outlook. The Board 
was obliged to vote to cut down all running expenses, all 
along the line. The Headquarters office, therefore, lost four 
out of its staff, and we stopped all publishing, except that 
in direct connection with the Convention, and the organiza- 
tion pamphlet, which was planned and partly executed months 
before. We gave up publishing the Monthly Bulletin, which 
was proving a most popular and useful thing, and was espe- 
cially in demand by libraries. Some of our best literature 
is now out of stock, and, until funds are forthcoming, no 
more editions can be printed. 

The two most significant pieces of Association work, 
outside that of Headquarters, and the work of separately re- 
ported departments, were the Congressional Hearing on the 
16th Amendment to the National Constitution, in March, and 
the effort to place suffrage planks in platforms of the political 
parties in the summer. The Congressional Hearing was 
marked by a greater respect and interest than heretofore 
on the part of the members of the Senate and House Com- 
mittees. Miss Shaw conducted the Senate Hearing, and 
Miss Addams the House Hearing, and there was an admir- 
able group of speakers for each. Thousands of copies of 
the reports of the Hearing were afterwards distributed, but, 
as of yore, the question died in committee. 

Miss Shaw presented the suffrage cause before the plat- 
form committee of the Democratic Convention and Miss 
Addams performed the same service for the Republican Con- 
vention. Both secured a brief and respectful hearing, but no 
plank. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 21 

Miss Addams, however, was instrumental in securing the 
suffrage plank in the platform of the Progressive Party and, 
thereby, made it a safe prediction that hereafter no other 
national political party can afford to ignore the suffrage 
issue. 

Respectfully submitted, 

MARY WARE DENNETT. 



REPORT OF PRESS BUREAU. 

The winning of California last year wrought so complete 
a change in the work of the National Press Bureau that it 
was like taking up an entirely new branch. Before that 
victory was won our time was employed in furnishing suf- 
frage arguments, replying to adverse editorials and letters 
published in the newspapers, and writing syndicate articles. 
Now this department has resolved itself into a Bureau of 
Information, news being the one thing required. 

Each week we send to our mailing list 2,000 copies of the 
press bulletin, giving brief items relative to suffrage activi- 
ties the world over. These go into every non-suffrage State 
in the Union, to Canada, Cuba and England, and the de- 
mand for them increases daily. Almost every mail brings 
letters from newspapers asking to be placed on the regular 
mailing list. We omitted these items during the week of 
the general elections, according to our custom, owing to so 
much space being devoted to reports of election returns, and, 
much to our surprise, complaints poured in from the papers 
saying they reserved space on certain days for the suffrage 
news and it was a disappointment to their readers when the 
items failed to appear. 

Since the winning of the four States on November 5, 
newspapers and press associations from all over the United 
States have written us asking for help to establish woman 
suffrage departments. The tone of these requests is quite 
different from that of even a year ago. Formerly a com- 



22 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

munication from a newspaper suggested that it wished to help 
us get our question before its readers, while now we are 
respectfully urged to assist them in their efforts to satisfy 
the reading public. In fact, the time has come when our 
question is a paying one from a publicity point of view. We 
are informed that one periodical whose circulation was some- 
thing like 50,000 a year ago, when it organized a woman suf- 
frage department, has increased to over 150,000, due, the pub- 
lishers say, to the opening of their columns for the discussion 
of women suffrage. A prominent Eastern publication which 
makes a feature of equal suffrage activities and progress 
finds its financial returns surprising according to their own 
statement, so much so that they have decided to expand the 
department. One magazine which has probably a larger cir- 
culation in the country districts than almost any other, but 
whose policy is violently opposed to woman suffrage, sent 
one of its editors to see us a few weeks ago to discuss the 
possibility of securing news which would not militate against 
its policy, because the directors recognized the necessity of 
including woman suffrage among the important issues of 
the time, even though they themselves opposed its extension. 

We now have twenty syndicates on our list, and are no 
longer obliged to write the articles ourselves, for we have 
progressed to the extent of being required simply to furnish 
the information which their own writers work up. These 
syndicates are both national and international and cover all 
of this country as well as some foreign countries. In one 
day a few weeks ago, six men representing that many dif- 
ferent press associations, called at the Headquarters for 
material, and we afterward received copies of their articles 
through the press clippings from the Atlantic to the Pacific 
Coast. An interesting thing happened last week, when the 
representative of a European press syndicate came to see us, 
and said that he had been sent to America for the sole pur- 
pose of reporting the woman movement in the United States, 
the subject being regarded a vital one by the press of Europe. 

Special suffrage editions seem to be more popular than 
almost anything else, and appeals come to us from all over 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 23 

the Union for help on them. The Literature Department is 
so well equipped with material that it would not be difficult 
to meet this demand if it were not for the fact that it is 
always accompanied by requests for photographs. The call 
for photographs is appalling and increases at a rapid rate. We 
have reached a point where to ask another woman for her 
picture seems impossible. Requests for personal sketches of 
women active in the work and for signed articles by promi- 
nent women are asked for by every paper in the land. A 
great many papers in the large cities have given whole pages 
to woman suffrage during the past year, and Sunday papers 
have made a specialty of suffrage material, some devoting 
two pages to the subject, others four and a number have given 
eight pages, and all have asked for photographs. 

The campaign States during the past year have fur- 
nished the principal subject for articles in the press, and 
have led to a keen interest in suffrage history, which we have 
been able to furnish through the "History of Woman Suf- 
frage," the "Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony," and the 
files of The Woman's Journal. The weekly bulletins which 
have come to us from the press chairmen of the campaign 
States have been invaluable, because they have enabled us to 
pass the news on to the whole country. 

During the past year we have received and answered 
over 3,000 communications, the great majority being post 
cards. This is one. of the straws marking the complete 
change in our work. Formerly it required a long letter to 
explain the wants of the writer and another long letter in 
reply, and a general discussion of ways and means and the 
probable result. But we have passed the stage of uncer- 
tainty and are too busy to write letters. Here is a sample 
of a post card recently received : "Can you let us have 100 
copies of the press items every week? Mail immediately 
literature for a debate in our High School. Getting out a 
special suffrage edition of our leading paper and need all the 
material you can furnish. Send promptly." That's all. Not 
even a postscript. No wonder we're accused of losing our 
womanly charm ! 



24 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

There are times when we don't know whether to be 
amused or indignant at the calls that are made upon us. A 
few days ago we were summoned to the telephone by a man 
representing one of the most important magazines in this 
country, who said that he had just read a newspaper dis- 
patch saying that California had a woman presidential elector 
and he was sending a messenger right up to get her photo- 
graph and the story of her life for their next issue. We 
said we had never heard of the lady, didn't have her picture 
and knew nothing about her life history. Whereupon he 
informed us that we had fallen down on our job, and it was 
just like a woman, anyway! So there are times when we are 
not "masculine creatures". 

As an evidence of the changes that are occurring, I want 
to read an item from a New York paper under date of No- 
vember 16 : 

ITALIAN SUFFRAGE MEETING. 

Raimundo Canudo to Address Meeting To-night on the East Side 

The editors and associate editors of twelve New York Italian news- 
papers enrolled in the Woman Suffrage Party yesterday, and several of 
them are anxious to print weekly or monthly suffrage letters in their 
respective papers if writers can be found equally familiar with suffrage 
and the Italian language. There has been a general expression of interest 
among the Italian residents of New York, and this has been increased, 
many of them have said, by the impressiveness of the suffrage parade last 
Saturday night. 

An Italian suffrage meeting is to be held to-night at 8 o'clock at Oak 
and Oliver Streets, on the east side. Raimundo Canudo will be the chief 
speaker and Miss Lavinia Dock, who arranged the meeting, will also speak 
in Italian. The meeting will be made picturesque with United States, 
Italian, and suffrage flags and a torchlight parade. All the women taking 
part will wear yellow suffrage sashes. Miss Cornelia Swinnerton has 
arranged for a big suffrage meeting among the Italians in upper New 
York, in the vicinity of 116th Street, within a few days. 

The Italian papers have been on our mailing list for 
some time, also many French and Hebrew papers. 

Never in the history of our work have there been such 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 25 

demands for advance convention material as we have been 
flooded with during the past month, but this has been made 
unusually easy by the splendid help given by Mrs. Jones, 
the Pennsylvania press chairman, and Miss Katzenstein, the 
chairman for Philadelphia, both of whom have worked un- 
ceasingly and assumed all the responsibility. 

CAROLINE J. REILLY, 

Chairman. 



REPORT OF THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL. 

In view of the fact that The Woman's Journal is no 
longer the official organ of the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association, it is considered important by your Of- 
ficial Board to give a brief report of the Journal's affairs 
since it first became the National organ, June 22, 1910. 

At Washington, April 1910, the convention, by a large 
majority, voted to accept Miss Blackwell's offer, by which 
The Woman's Journal was to supersede the little monthly 
paper, Progress, which was then the National organ, under 
the editorship of Ida Husted Harper. 

The contract for carrying out this plan was put into the 
hands of our legal adviser, Catherine Waugh McCul- 
loch. Mrs. McCulloch submitted the contract to Miss Black- 
well and to the Official Board, and it was adopted by a vote 
of five to three. Under the terms of the contract the Na- 
tional assumed the financial responsibility for the Journal but 
did not own the paper, nor control its policy, except as Miss 
Blackwell was willing. Miss Blackwell remained the editor 
and has served continuously without salary. 

The Journal was handed over to the Association out of 
debt. It had previously been carried on with a small annual 
deficit (about $1,000). 

During the first year the Board engaged Miss Agnes 
Ryan as business manager and the paper was soon enlarged 
from four to eight pages at Miss Ryan's suggestion. More 



26 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

pictures and cartoons were introduced and many plans were 
made for increased circulation and improvements. The bills 
for the year were heavy, but were paid before many other 
bills of the Association were paid, and every effort was made 
to put the paper upon a self-sustaining basis. Miss Ryan 
had hopes that this could eventually be accomplished. 

At the Louisville Convention last year the total deficit 
of the Journal was about $10,000. This fact was laid before 
the Convention, and the Treasurer stated that to carry on 
the Journal, on its present basis, a fund of at least $25,000 
would be needed, and to expand the paper and carry out 
new plans, a still larger sum would be needed. 

The Convention voted almost unanimously to continue 
the contract with Miss Blackwell unchanged. But it failed to 
make any provision for financing the paper and not more than 
$7,000 was pledged for the whole National work, including the 
Journal. 

During the year the National has paid out for The 
Woman's Journal $8,785.67 over and above what has been 
received from the Journal, and the amount still owed for 
outstanding bills is $4,777.39. Since the paper has been the 
organ of the Association it has cost $46,742.58. Its receipts 
from all sources have been $27,886.39, leaving a net deficit 
of $18,856.19. 

As to circulation it is impossible to report for the entire 
period, June 22, 1910 to September 28, 1912, for the reason 
that access to the subscription list has been denied to the 
Official Board. However, when Miss Sara Levien was busi- 
ness manager, she found that for the year ending June 29, 
1912, the average weekly edition printed was about 19,000 
copies. The paid-up subscribers number about 12,600. The 
discontinuances were at the rate of about 5,200 per year. 

The maximum number of people on the Journal staff, has 
been ten, including the editor. During the last year the paid 
office force has consisted of a business manager (a position 
later merged into that of managing editor, editor's secretary, 
bookkeeper, stenographer, assistant stenographer, subscrip- 
tion clerk, filing and order clerk, advertising agent, and, since 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 27 

the middle of July, a circulation manager. All of the office 
workers, with the exception of the managing editor and the 
circulation manager, were chosen by Miss Ryan, their num- 
ber and the salaries paid them being matters in which she 
was left entire freedom. 

The paper ceased to be the official organ of the Associa- 
tion on September 28, 1912. On that date Miss Blackwell 
notified the Board that she declined to carry out the contract 
any further. 

The Journal problem, difficult enough at best, has 
been found doubly hard by this year's Board, in that its 
members have been divided as to the policy to be pursued. 
A minority have consistently held to the view that it was un- 
wise to plunge the Association into further debt for the paper 
unless the restrictions in the contract could be made less 
binding, but the majority have, until the latter part of the 
year, felt that it was best to be guided by Miss Blackwell's 
wishes in the matter, and to do the best we could to pay the 
bills and to conduct the paper on substantially the same basis 
as that of the previous year. The minority proposed sev- 
eral amendments to the contract, bearing upon the place of 
publication, and the size, shape and appearance of the paper, 
but since Miss Blackwell protested that the Board could not 
act for the Association in amending the contract and that 
only the Convention could rightly act, the motions to amend 
were withdrawn, in deference to her opinion. 

The majority of the Board were finally convinced that 
under the conditions of the contract it was impossible for the 
Association to produce a successful paper, but this was not 
until near the end of. the year. 

Miss Ryan, with Miss Blackwell's approval, constantly 
urged that more money be appropriated for increasing the 
circulation. The minority on the Board urged that it was 
wasteful to spend money on the circulation alone if the char- 
acter of the paper and the conditions controlling it were 
not substantially changed so it would become popular on the 
newsstands. The result was a compromise between the two 
positions which satisfied the adherents of neither side. 



28 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

During the early part of the year, the experiment was 
tried of having a Headquarters editor. Mrs. Frances Maule 
Bjorkman was appointed, with the idea that her services 
would help bridge the awkward gap between Headquarters 
and Boston. It was arranged that she should go over to 
Boston each week, on the day the paper was made up, thus 
partly obviating a former serious difficulty in having to send 
copy for the paper nearly a week ahead of the time it reached 
subscribers, and of not knowing what Miss Blackwell had 
already prepared, or whether there would be much or little 
space available in a given issue for contributions from Head- 
quarters. After a two months' trial, Mrs. Bjorkman herself 
and the officers at headquarters, were convinced that it was 
a futile effort, so it was abandoned. 

In April Miss Sara Levien was appointed as general 
manager, on the understanding that Miss Ryan would thereby 
be freed from the miscellaneous work she had been doing, and 
could devote her entire time to working up the circulation. 
Miss Levien's salary was guaranteed by Mrs. McCormick 
on behalf of the Ways and Means Committee. 

In June, Mrs. McCormick reported to the Board that, 
after a careful study of the Journal office, she had concluded 
that it was impossible for the Association to carry success- 
fully the responsibility of an organ which it did not own and, 
therefore, could not control, and she announced that she 
could no longer offer to guarantee Miss Levien's salary. 

Miss Ryan's contract expired last June, and the Board 
voted not to renew it. In July Mrs. Bertha Carter was 
added to the office force, as circulation manager. 

The expenses of the paper continued to go up, the 
average monthly deficit for the past year being $1,130.22. 

At the Board meeting of June 29, Miss Blackwell pro- 
posed the termination of the contract by mutual consent on 
July 1, on the understanding that the National Association 
should pay the entire Journal indebtedness up to that date. 
It was the opinion of both the legal members of the Board, 
however, that the Board had no power under the contract, 
to take such action on behalf of the Association; this was 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 29 

also in accordance with Miss Blackwell's own previous in- 
terpretation of the contract at the time that it had been pro- 
posed to amend it. 

A committee was appointed to confer with Miss Black- 
well as to possible terms by which she would sell her stock 
in the Journal corporation (of which she owns the majority 
of shares) to the Association, and remain chief editorial 
writer at an adequate salary. The Committee later reported 
that Miss Blackwell would decline any such offer. 

Miss Blackwell gave notice on July 1 that, six months 
from date, she would terminate the contract unless a satis- 
factory arrangement could be made at the Convention for 
terminating the contract then, by mutual consent. 

In August it was voted by the Board, in view of the un- 
expected postponement of the payment of the Coggeshall leg- 
acy, to cut down the expenses in all departments of the As- 
sociation's work. The vote was executed on September 16, 
by sending the following instructions to the Journal office — 
to reduce the size of the paper to four pages, to raise the 
amount of the subscription price to $1.50, to reduce the 
office force and all other possible expenses. Miss Blackwell 
deferred compliance with these instructions, and Miss Levien 
sent in her resignation, with the statement that, since the 
Association found it impossible to conduct the paper upon 
the same scale as when she was first appointed, she would 
be happy to be released. Mrs. Carter also resigned. 

On September 30, Miss Blackwell sent the following an- 
nouncement: 

To the Board of General Officers of the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association : 

Inasmuch as said Association has failed to carry out the 
terms of its agreement with me, dated June 22, 1912, having 
failed for several months to pay for my private secretary, and 
to pay the bills accruing from the publication of The Woman's 
Journal, as provided in the third paragraph of said contract, 
I wish to notify you and said Association that I consider your 
breach of said contract justifies me in declining to carry out 



30 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

said contract any further, and that I shall hold said Asso- 
ciation responsible for all damages sustained by me and by 
the proprietors of The Woman's Journal, resulting from said 
breach. 

(Signed) Alice Stone Blackwell. 

At the Board meeting of October 12, it was voted that 
a Committee be appointed to consist of one representative of 
the Journal, and one representative of the National Associa- 
tion, to confer with the public accountants and arrange to 
close the business between the Journal and the Association. 
Mrs. McCormick was chosen the representative from the 
Association. The amount still owed for outstanding Journal 
bills is $4,777.39. 

Miss Mary Towle, legal adviser for the Association, was 
consulted as to whether there had been any breach of con- 
tract on the part of the Association by the delay in paying 
Journal bills. Miss Towle's decision was that delay in pay- 
ment could not be considered breach of contract since the 
Association had never repudiated any bills whatever. 

It is impossible to present complete statements in regard 
to the subscription list of the Journal, for access to the 
original sources of information has been denied to the rep- 
resentative sent by the National Association to secure the 
data, by those now in charge of The Woman's Journal 
office. 

Regretting that this report should be incomplete as well 
as painful, 

Respectfully submitted, 

THE BOARD OF GENERAL OFFICERS. 



REPORT OF THE AUDITORS. 

We herewith beg to state that we have examined the 
report of the certified accountants, Barrow Wade Guthrie & 
Co., and of Moyer & Briggs, employed by us to examine 
and audit the books kept by the Treasurer of the National 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 31 

American Woman Suffrage Association, and have found them 
to be correct. 

Respectfully, 

KATHARINE DEXTER McCORMICK, 
HARRIET BURTON LAIDLAW, 

Auditors. 

Miss Jessie Ashley, Treasurer, National American Woman 
Suffrage Association, 

505 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

Dear Madam : We have now completed our audit of the 
books and accounts of the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association to April 1, 1912, and have prepared there- 
from the following statements: 

1. Balance Sheet as at October 1, 1911. 

2. Cash account for the six months from October 1, 

1911 to April 1, 1912. 

3. Balance Sheet as at April 1, 1912. 

We have obtained a certificate verifying the amount in 
the hands of the Guaranty Trust Company of New York as 
at March 31, 1912. 

We have not verified the amount in the hands of Mrs. 
Harriet Taylor Upton, representing Willis Fund, $500, or the 
gold and silver coins amounting to $46. 

Yours faithfully, 

BARROW WADE GUTHRIE & CO. 

Old South Building 

Boston, Mass, November 18, 1912. 

President and Official Board, National American Woman 
Suffrage Association, 

505 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

As instructed, we have made an audit of the financial 
books and accounts covering the period beginning April 1 



32 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

and ending October 31, 1912, and herewith submit our re- 
port, consisting of the following: 

1. Balance Sheet. 

2. Statement of Receipts and Payments. 

3. Statement of Income and Expense. 

4. Amount of National Association Bills outstanding 

October 31, 1912. 

5. Amount of Woman's Journal Bills outstanding Oc- 

tober 31, 1912. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ORLANDO C. MOYER. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 33 



FINANCIAL REPORT FROM OCTOBER 1, 1911, TO 
NOVEMBER 1, 1912 



JESSIE ASHLEY, TREASURER, IN ACCOUNT WITH 

NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

ASSOCIATION 

Balance Sheet, October 1, 1911 

ASSETS 

Guaranty Trust Company: 

Amount in their hands $7,029.41 

Gold and Silver Coins 46.00 

Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton— Willis Fund 500.00 

Total assets $7,575.41 

General Fund: 

Amount over-expended 8,069.15 

$15,644.56 

LIABILITIES AND FUNDS 

Loans: 

Laura Clay $1,000.00 

Estate of M. S. and S. B. Anthony 1,000.00 

Trustees of S. B. Anthony Memorial Fund.. 1.000.00 

$:;, ooo.oo 
Total liabilities $3,000.00 

Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund: 

Amount unexpended 8,763.50 

Susan B. Anthony Suffrage Fund: 

Amount unexpended 3,881.06 

$15,644.56 



34 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS FROM 
OCTOBER 1, 1911 TO APRIL 1, 1912 

Disburse- 
General Fund: Receipts. 

Literature $5,666.30 

Woman's Journal 6,207.86 

Campaigns 2,788.05 

Press Bureau 

Headquarters 2,516.47 

Members' Dues 1,343.24 

Miscellaneous Donations 3,562.21 

Official Board Travelling 

Miscellaneous Expenses 

Willis Fund and Interest 35.00 

Bank Interest 77.19 



ments. 




$3,847.04 


$l,819.26f 


9,680.23 


3,472.37* 


2,050.05 


738.00f 


1,361.60 


1,361.60* 


5,071.02 


2,554.55* 




l,343.24f 




3,562.21f 


296.08 


296.08* 


1,157.86 


1,157.86* 




35.00f 




77.19f 



$22,196.32 $23,463.88 $1,267.56* 

Susan B. Anthony (Memorial Fund.. $2,100.00 $7,134.30 $5,034.30* 

Susan B. Anthony Suffrage Fund 113.64 1,262.98 1,149.34* 

Jessie Ashley Loan 1,200.00 l,200.00f 

Total $25,609.96 $31,861.16 $6,251.20* 

Balance in Bank October 1, 1911 $7,029.41 

Balance in Bank April 1, 1912 778.37 



$32,639.37 $32,639.37 

BALANCE SHEET, APRIL 1, 1912 

Assets 

Guaranty Trust Company: 

Amount in their hands $778.21 

Gold and Silver Coins 46.00 

Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton— Willis Fund 500.00 

Total assets $1,324.21 

General Fund: 

Amount over-expended Oct. 1, 

1911 $8,069.15 

Add: Excess of Disbursements 
over Receipts six months 
ending April 1, 1912 1,267.56 



Amount over-expended April 1, 1912 $9,336.71 



T Excess of Receipts over Disbursements. 

* Excess of Disbursements over Receipts. $10,660.92 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 35 

Liabilities and Funds 
Loans: 

Laura Clay $1,000.00 

Estate of M. S. and S. B. Anthony 1,000.00 

Trustees of S. B. Anthony Memorial Fund 1,000.00 

Jessie Ashley 1,200.00 

Total Liabilities $4,200.00 

Susan B. Anthony Memorial Fund: 
Amount unexpended Oct. 1, 

1911 $8,763.50 

Less: Excess of Disbursements 

over Receipts six months 

ending April 1, 1912 5,034.30 

Balance unexpended April 1, 1912.. $3,729.20 

Susan B. Anthony Suffrage Fund: 
Amount unexpended Oct. 1, 

1911 $3,881.06 

Less: Excess of Disbursements 

over Receipts six months 

ending April 1, 1912 1,149.34 

Balance unexpended April 1, 1912.. 2,731.72 

$10,660.92 
The unpaid bills at April 1, 1912, approximate to $8,200. 



BALANCE SHEET, OCTOBER 31, 1912 

Assets 

Cash: 

In Bank, General Fund $2,669.47 

In Bank, Suffrage Fund 155.08 

Petty Cash Fund 50.00 

$2,874.55 

Gold and Silver Coin 46.00 

Furniture and Fixtures — Inventory 680.00 

Literature — Inventory 8,127.00 



Total assets $11,727.55 



36 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Liabilities 

Loans: 

Laura Clay $1,000.00 

Estate of M. S. and S. B. Anthony 1,000.00 
Trustees S. B. A. Memorial Fund 1,000.00 
Jessie Ashley 3,931.72 

$6,931.72 

Vouchers Payable: 

National Association $322.96 

Woman's Journal 4,777.39 

$5,100.35 $12,032.07 



Net Deficit $304.52 

Funds 

General Fund Deficit $459.60 

Deduct: 

S. B. A. Suffrage Fund Surplus 155.08 

$304.52 



STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND PAYMENTS FROM 
APRIL 1, TO NOVEMBER 1, 1912 

Balance, April 1, 1912 $778.21 

Receipts 

Members' Dues $3,090.10 

Life Membership 300.00 

Literature Sales 8,053.74 

Woman's Journal 9,494.86 

Loan Account 2,731.72 

Willis Fund 500.00 

Ballinger Will 1,000.00 

Annual Pledges 827.10 

Restricted Donations 14,717.97 

General Donations 14,177.60 

Miscellaneous 303.96 

55,197.05 



$55,975.26 
Payments 

National Association Vouchers ^88,696.89 

Woman's Journal Vouchers 14,403.82 

53,100.71 

Balance, November 1, 1912 $2,874.55 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 37 

Distribution 

Guaranty Trust Company: 

General Fund Cash $2,669.47 

Suffrage Fund Cash 155.08 

Petty Cash Fund 50.00 

$2,874.55 



STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSE FROM 
APRIL 1, TO NOVEMBER 1, 1912 

Income 

Members' Dues $3,090.10 

Life Membership 300.00 

Literature Sales 8,041.91 

Ballinger Will 1,000.00 

Annual Pledges 827.10 

Restricted Donations 13,217.97 

General Donations 15,677.60 

Miscellaneous 271.21 

Woman's Journal 9,155.46 



$51,581.35 



Expenses 

Official Board $573.49 

Headquarters 5,714.57 

Literature 12,744.61 

Press Bureau 2,450.60 

Campaigns 14,065.05 

Woman's Journal 13,895.08 



$49,443.40 



Excess of Income $2,137.95 

Unpaid Bills November 1, 1912: 

National Association $322.96 

Woman's Journal 4,777.39 



Total $5,100.35 



38 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



A POSSIBLE BUDGET FOR NEXT YEAR 



Possible Expenses 

Off. Exp. Traveling 
Rent. Salaries, (incl. ptg.) Expenses. Totals. 
Literature $1,200 

Press Bureau 



Monthly Bulletin . . 
Field Work 



Ways and Means 

General Work 1,200 



$3,500 


$14,000 




$18,700 


(5 people) 








2,580 


1,100 




4,280 


(2 people) 










2,000 




2,000 


1,000 




1,000 


2,000 


(1 person) 








1,000 






2,000 


(1 person) 








5,500 


3,000 


2,000 


11,700 


(5 people) 









Totals $3,000 $13,580 $20,199 $4,000 $40,680 



Probable Receipts 

Sales of Literature and Supplies $14,000 

Dues 3,600 

Sub-letting office 200 

Pledge 1,200 

Legacies (?) 5,000 



Expenses $40,680 

Receipts .' 24,000 



Amount to be raised $16,680 

Note — No direct campaign work is included in the above 
estimates. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 39 



FACTS FOR DELEGATES 

GENERAL WORK 

November 1, 1911, to November 1, 1912 
(Not including Woman's Journal or Campaigns) 

EXPENSES 

Salaries, twelve people (six part time) $12,443.00 

Rent 3,000.00 

Stationery $307.38 

Stamps 1,125.30 

Telephone 234.94 

Printing 10,107.93 

Supplies 2,150.30 

Miscellaneous 2,800.72 

16,726.57 

Total $32,169.57 



RECEIPTS 

Sales of Literature and Supplies $13,004.74 

Dues 4,422.44 

Donations 24,899.28 



Total $42,326.46 

Excess of Receipts over Expenses $10,156.89 

Note. — Salaries — The President and the Treasurer have worked 
without salaries since May 1. The other part time people were 
as follows: 

Press Bureau Assistant 3 months 

Main Office Assistant 11 " 

Stenographer 10 

Helper 4^ " 

Donations — This sum does not include any of the restricted 
donations, such as the S. B. A. fund for campaigns, and Miss Shaw's 
campaign fund. 



40 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

LITERATURE 
Approximate Statement for One Year 
November 1, 1911, to November 1, 1912 

INCOME AND ASSETS: 

Sales $13,004.74 

Stock on hand 8,127.22 

Bills receivable 552.23 

Total $21,684.19 

EXPENSES: 

Rent (proportion chargeable to Literature) . . $1,200.00 
By. charging $1,200 to the literature de- 
partment, the total rent ($3,000) is reduced 
to $1,800. 
Salaries (proportion chargeable to Literature) : 

Editor $1,200.00 

Manager 936.00 

Assistant 520.00 

Helper (part time) 208.00 

Clerk (part time) 614.00 

$3,478.00 

This list includes all service, except that 
of the chairman of the Literature Com- 
mittee. The helper and clerk have served 
parf time in a double sense. Both have 
been employed only a portion of the year, 
and have worked on the literature only a 
part of that time. The remainder of their 
service has been in the general office. 

Office Supplies 102.46 

Telephone 44.34 

Water, Ice, Towels 18.00 

Express and Freight 528.74 

Postage 2475.85 

Printing 10,107.93 

Supplies (Buttons, Pennants, etc.) 2,150.30 



Total $18,105.62 

Net gain for the year $3,578.57 

Note — This net gain is not cash on hand but is based on the 
value of unsold stock and uncollected bills, as well as upon actual 
receipts. The receipts from sales are $746.51 more than the cost 
of the printing and the purchase of supplies. But to put the lit- 
erature department on a true business basis, its share of rent, 
salaries and general office charges should be reckoned as expenses 
also. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 41 



THE WOMAN'S JOURNAL 

Statement for Entire Period During Which It Has Been the Official 
Organ of the National Association 

July, 1910, to September 28, 1912 

Total Cost to Association $46,742.58 

Total Receipts: 

Subscriptions, Sales, Advertising, Donations 7,886.39 

Excess of Expenditures over Receipts 18,856.19 

Bills Remaining Unpaid November 1 4,777.39 

Note — At the time of the Louisville Convention the 
deficit was about $10,000.00 



Subscribers, July, 1909. 
Subscribers, Sept. 28, 1912. 
Total New Subscribers. . . . 
Total Discontinuances 



Information on these points 

was refused to the National 

Association by the Woman's 

Journal Office. 



Note — All access to the subscription list and the files was refused, 
during the first two weeks of November, 1912, when the books were 
being audited and reports prepared. 

The figures for the year ending June 29, 1912, were secured when 
Miss Levein was business manager, and are as follows: 

New subscribers secured 8,815 

Discontinuances, same period 5,281 



Net gain 3,534 



Total paid subscribers (June 29) 12,612 

Office Force, July, 1909 (including Editor) 4 people 

Office Force, September, 1912 (including Editor) 10 people 



42 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

CAMPAIGNS 
Contributions from the National Association 

November, 1911, to November, 1912 

(Including Literature and Cash) 

New Hampshire $700.00 

Ohio 5,630.00 

Wisconsin 4,881.04 

Michigan 1,630.60 

Oregon 1,668.21 

Arizona 1,002.37 

Kansas 2,076.56 

Nevada 100.00 

General Campaign Work 455.00 



Total $18,143.98 

Note. — Campaigns — All the literature and most of the cash was 
provided from the fund given into Miss Shaw's personal charge by 
an anonymous donor. Miss Shaw chose to make most of her dis- 
bursements through the national treasury and with the advice oi 
the Board. The S. B. A. campaign fund provided $3,726 of the total 
amount contributed to campaigns. . 



MEMBERSHIP 

Increase in Membership of National American Woman Suffrage 

Association 

November, 1911 November, 1912 

Dues-paying Members.... 28,700 Dues-paying Members.... 46,700 
Registered Members Registered Members 

(about) 65,000 ( about) 171,000 

Total 93,700 Total 217,700 

Gain 124,000 

Note — The registered membership is a very conservative estimate 
based on returns from about one-third of the states. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



43 



HEADQUARTERS 

Comparison of Expenses When Headquarters Were in Warren, 
Ohio, and in New York City 



WARREN 
Rent (annual) 



NEW YORK 

$500.00 Rent (average annual 
rent paid for the three 
past years (Sept., 1909- 
Sept., 1912) $2,145.00 



Xote — The total rent paid since Headquarters were in New York 
is $7,150. Of this $4,500 has been donated and $850 came from sub- 
letting to the N. Y. W. S. A. and the College League, leaving $1,800, 
which came out of the general treasury — or $600 per year, which is 
only $100 more than was paid in Warren per year. 



Office force, 10 people 
(two part time) 

Pay-roll 10,356.00 

(Not including Cam- 
paigns or "Pro- 
gress") 
Total Sales in 1909 (Lit- 
erature and Supplies) 1,283.58 
Cost of Literature and 

Supplies over Receipts 502.84 
(Cost here means 
simply printing 
and purchase) 



Office force, 12 people 
(two part time) 

Pay-roll 12,443.00 

(Not including Cam- 
paigns or "Jour- 
nal") 
Total Sales, Nov., 1911, 
to Nov.. 1912 (Litera- 
ture and Supplies)... 13,004.74 
Receipts from Literature 

and Supplies over cost 746.51 
(Cost here means 
simply printing 
and purchase) 



Note — The increase in the volume of work turned out from New 
York Headquarters has not meant a relatively large increase in the 
number of people employed as shown in the total salary budget. 



44 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENTIAL 
SUFFRAGE. 

The very decided advantage that presidential suffrage 
offers, both as a means of agitation and as a practical at- 
tainment are beginning to be appreciated. Numerous in- 
quiries have come from various parts of the country for 
full information in regard to the manner of obtaining it. 
The extraordinary activities of the political parties in the 
last campaign to enlist the support of woman, and bring 
out the largest possible vote of women, proves clearly that 
presidential suffrage, unlike other forms of fractional suffrage, 
is an effective means towards the end of full suffrage. 

The experiences of suffrage campaigns have proved too 
often that they were premature, and the great outlay of 
time and treasure which they have involved have resulted in 
defeats, that have greatly impeded further progress of the 
movement. 

May it not be safely presumed that in some instances 
where attempts to obtain full suffrage have failed, the same 
amount of effort might have procured presidential suffrage 
if directed to that end? 

By Section 1, Article II, of the United States Constitu- 
tion, power to determine presidential electors is given to 
State legislatures. By a majority of one at a single ses- 
sion this great and significant measure of political power may 
be obtained. 

It is hoped that States that are not yet ready for suc- 
cessful campaigns for full suffrage will adopt this method, 
which promises substantial results in some States. 

ELIZABETH UPHAM YATES, 

Chairman. 

REPORT OF CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE. 

The assigned work of the Congressional Committee was 
to try and see that bills were introduced in the House and 
the Senate amending the Federal Constitution to give equal 
rights of suffrage to women and men and to arrange for 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 45 

hearings on such bills. It is significant of the rapid growth 
of woman suffrage both as a condition and as a theary that 
this year no solicitation has been necessary to secure the 
introduction of such a bill in the House. Six such bills were 
introduced in the Sixty-second Congress, by Representatives 
Taylor. Rucker, Mondell, Lafferty, Berger and Raiser. Sen- 
ator Works was very glad to present the bill in the Senate. 
The hearings were arranged for the 13th of March, and both 
large committee rooms, where they were held, were crowded 
to the doors, and many were turned away. Dr. Anna How- 
ard Shaw conducted the hearing before a joint meeting of 
Senate Judiciary Committee, of which Senator Clarence D. 
Clarke was the chairman, and the sub-committee on Woman 
Suffrage, of which Senator Lee S. Overman was the chair- 
man. 

Senator Works introduced Miss Shaw, who presented 
the other speakers. They were as follows : Mrs. Susan Fitz- 
Gerald, Mrs. Elsie Cole Phillipps, Miss Ella Stewart, Miss 
Caroline Lowe, Miss Leonora O'Reilly, Mr. and Mrs. James 
L. Laidlaw, Mrs. Donald Hooker, Mrs. E. Jean Nelson Pen- 
field, and Mr. Franklin W. Collins. 

Miss Jane Addams conducted the hearing before the 
Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives, of 
which Hon. Henry D. Clayton was chairman. 

Besides those representatives who were able to be present 
and speak for their bills, eight other speakers were appointed 
by the N. A. W. S. A. They were: Miss Leonora O'Reilly, 
Mrs. Nelson Penfield, Mrs. Win. Kent, Mrs. Ida Husted 
Harper, Miss Mary E. McDowell, Miss Caroline A. Lowe, 
Mr. James L. Laidlaw and Miss Elsie C. Phillips. Miss Ella 
C. Berhant, of Washington, D. C, asked the privilege of 
presenting the arguments of the anti-suffragists, and was 
granted a courteous hearing. 

A reception was tendered the members of the N. A. 
W. S. A. the day before the hearing at the home of Mrs. 
Wm. Kent. Some brilliant short speeches were made and 
many people were interested in the cause of suffrage who 
and previously been indifferent. 



46 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

In May the Congressional Committee sent out cards to 
the wives of all the Senators and Representatives asking 
them to a Suffrage Tea at the home of the Chairman. The 
object of the meeting was to propose forming a Congressional 
Suffrage Club. About sixty women were present. Mrs. 
Caroline Bartlett Crane gave an interesting and convincing 
talk on the need of women's help in municipal housekeep- 
ing. Mrs. Helen Gardiner Day and Miss Emma Gillett also 
spoke and greatly interested the audience. 

The sense of the meeting, however, proved to be against 
forming a Congressional Suffrage Club, on the ground that 
it might interfere with the usefulness of the Congressional 
Club, and that the free use of the name "Congressional" 
was inadvisable. 

The question was not put to a vote, and the meeting ad- 
journed for a pleasant social hour. The meeting aroused 
much interest in work for suffrage, and many of those 
present will join the district branch of the N. A. W. S. A. 
this winter under the new chairman. 

ELIZABETH T. KENT, 

Chairman. 



REPORT OF LEGAL ADVISER 

The legal adviser's report covers only slightly over half 
a year, as she was appointed in April, 1912. Since that time 
she has been chiefly occupied with two matters, both having 
to do with money bequests to the Association. 

At the time when she entered upon her duties, the As- 
sociation had become involved in a contest over the will of 
Miss Octavia W. Bates, deceased. Miss Bates had bequeathed 
$5,000 to the Association, and her brother, George W. Bates, 
had brought suit to have the will set aside. The interests 
of the Association were being represented by E. J. W. 
Revell, Esq., of Baltimore. 

Before the case came to trial Mr. Revell strongly ad- 
vised your Board of General Officers to accept a compromsie 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 47 

proposition made by Mr. Bates, which provided that $25,000 
be paid him out of the assets of the estate, and the re- 
mainder divided pro rata among the legatees as directed in 
the will. After careful investigation it seemed best to your 
legal adviser and to your Board, rather than let the case 
come to trial, to accept this proposition, and, with some 
modifications favorable to the Association, this was finally 
done. The total amount netted by this arrangement, after 
deducting the inheritance tax and Mr. Revell's fee (which had 
been previously fixed at 10 per cent of the sum to be re- 
ceived by the Association), was $3,285. 

The second matter of importance had to do with the 
will of the late Miss Rebecca H. Ballinger, of Moores- 
town, N. J. By the terms of this will a trust fund of $5,000 
was created, to be held by the Burlington County Safe De- 
posit & Trust Company, of Moorestown, as trustee, the in- 
come to be paid half-yearly to the Association until such 
time as equal suffrage should be an accomplished fact. 

After probate of the will and before final settlement, 
the trustee was served with a notice to the effect that the 
residuary legatees under the will objected to the setting aside 
of the trust fund, on the ground that the bequest which pro- 
vided for it was void. Having received this notice the only 
safe course open to the Trust Company was to file a bill in 
equity for the construction of the will, making the Associa- 
tion a party defendant. 

Our chances of success in a suit of this nature seemed 
very uncertain. The language of the will was such as to 
make it doubtful whether it was not in violation of the 
statute against perpetuities. The point involved had, thanks 
to the able handling of Mrs. McCulloch, been decided in 
our favor in the State of Illinois in the similar case of 
Garrison vs. Little, but the Massachusetts courts, on the 
other hand, had taken the opposite view. It seemed an 
open question what the New Jersey ruling would be. Under 
these circumstances your Board were disposed to consider 
favorably a compromise offer, made by the residuary legatees, 
of a cash amount equal to the income of the trust fund 



48 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

for five years at 5 per cent namely, one thousand dollars, 
and this offer was finally accepted, the Board executing a 
declination and release in favor of the residuary legatees and 
the Trust Company. 

These two matters constitute the sum of all the im- 
portant work that the legal adviser has been called upon to 
perform during the seven months that have elapsed since 
her appointment. In addition to this she has handled a 
small claim, still unsettled, against the N. Y. C. & H. R. R. 
Co., for damages for delay in transporting literature of the 
amount of $157, and has passed upon various small questions 
of law and policy propounded to her through and by the 
office of the Association in New York City. 

At the request of the President and members of the 
Board of General Officers, the legal adviser, in September 
and October of the present year, passed upon certain ques- 
tions with regard to the status of the contract by which 
The Woman's Journal became the official organ of the Asso- 
ciation. These questions were, in brief, whether the Board by 
itself had power to terminate this contract, whether the 
Association had, by delay in paying Journal bills, committed, 
a breach of the contract, whether the Association could be 
held liable for any such bills contracted subsequent to Sep- 
tember 30, 1912, and lastly whether a resumption of control 
of the paper by its majority stockholder without the con- 
sent of the Board and before the convention would constitute 
a breach of the contract. The first three of these questions 
were answered in the negative, and the last one in the af- 
firmative. MARY RUTTER TOWLE. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PEACE AND 
ARBITRATION. 

The report of your chairman last year announcing the 
gifts of $11,000,000 — the cost of one battleship — for the peace 
cause as was to be expected, can have no counterpart this 
year. But good work has been accomplished in Europe and 
America by these gifts, although the immense interest which 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 49 

they helped to create for the ratification of the pending ar- 
bitration treaties failed to secure the necessary two-thirds 
vote. One single vote would have altered the result and 
prevented what was a veritable world calamity. This les- 
sens at present our nation's leadership in the peace move- 
ment, but it has only postponed the eventual passage of 
such treaties. Had absent friends of the bill been present, or 
partisan activity due to the presidential election not been 
rife, the treaties would not have been defeated, and doubt- 
less Germany, Japan and other nations would soon have 
signed similar treaties. 

The year, on the whole, has sadly made more evident the 
need for an aroused conscience and intelligence upon in- 
ternational affairs. The cool brigandage of Italy has been 
accepted with callous indifference by our press, which has 
failed to show not only the immortality but the stupid lack 
of perception of the economies of this latest robbery. It 
would be well if all who imagine good may result from this 
criminal annexation should read the marvelous, graphic book, 
"The Pride of War," just issued from the press, and Presi- 
dent Jordan's "The Unseen Empire," both of which our 
peace suffragists should see are put in their town libraries 
and if possible in their own. 

The greed and apathy of the "Powers" has resulted in 
the awful punishment of Turkey by the Balkan States, for 
which even a peace lover can find some excuse. It seems in 
some respects less mournful than our own display of miles 
of costly destroyers in the recent unprecedented Naval Re- 
views, which can signify only one of two terrible things. 
It means either that this republic, which in all its history 
has never yet been attacked but begun itself all its foreign 
wars, a country that is protected as no other is by two great 
oceans and has no enemies, is now in some new, imminent 
danger, which can only be averted by our standing second 
as a naval power, although we were never attacked or in 
danger when we had a tiny navy. Or it means that, without 
reason, we are spending stupendous sums for defence where 
it is least needed and neglecting it where it is most needed, 



50 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

which is at home. Suffragists rejoice at our new Children's 
Bureau, but do not realize that the budget allowed it is 
much less than the annual repairs on two torpedo boat de- 
stroyers, while at the same time Congress votes $15,000,000 
for one battleship. 

For years, your chairman has been earnestly endeavor- 
ing to enlist the General Federation of Women's Clubs in 
the peace movement, which is so much less understood 
than any other subject on their programs. This year, at 
their Biennial Meeting in San Francisco, much attention was 
given to the subject and a sub-committee on education was 
appointed. The lecture tour of the Baroness von Suttner, who 
is a suffragist as well as one of the most eminent exponents 
of peace, has also helped to arouse interest in the peace 
cause among many influential women. 

During the last year your chairman has given over 
about one hundred addresses between Bath, Maine, and 
Houston, Texas. Some of these were arranged in New 
Orleans by an influential member of our committee, Mrs. 
Roydan Douglas, and one was arranged by Mrs. Allen, of 
Memphis. Two weeks were spent in a peace campaign in 
Pittsburgh and vicinity. Your chairman has contributed a 
pamphlet on the ''Abolition of War" in the series issued 
by the N. A. W. S. A. on "What the Ballot Can Do for 
Women," and she has prepared a book entitled "Swords and 
Plowshares." Through the courtesy of the World Peace 
Foundation, and Geo. P. Putnam's Sons, she has distributed 
many thousands of leaflets and is now a regular peace cor- 
respondent of three club magazines. She has written and 
distributed thousands of leaflets entitled "Women and the 
War System" and has sent out a printed circular letter. 

Lack of funds for clerical service and for greater activi- 
ties, as usual, has prevented that stimulation of the different 
State suffrage organizations which is most desirable. The 
absorption of so many suffragists in the different State cam- 
paigns has increasingly distracted attention from other things, 
even in the States that were not carrying on campaigns but 
were lending aid to others. Your chairman has seriously 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 51 

questioned whether the feehle work now done for peace by 
her department would not better be abandoned altogther, 
except perhaps in States that already have the suffrage and 
where women can directly influence Congress. On propound- 
ing this suggestion to the different members of the depart- 
ment, the following responses have been received: 

Mrs. Alice Park, of California, who almost alone among 
the suffragists has been an active worker for peace and 
has distributed much literature, reports that the suffragists 
have been too busy entering politics to do much peace work, 
but says: "I advise that the Peace Department be continued. 
It serves to remind some people who would otherwise not 
be reminded through the suffrage work and therefore it shows 
them that suffrage and peace are related, a lesson that needs 
to be taught and taught over again. The fact that work is 
not done systematically in all or half the States would not 
lead one to discontinue the department, but rather to con- 
tinue it. Peace Day is more generally observed this year 
than last, and each year shows a great move forward. Count- 
ing back to five years ago the change is very marked. In 
considering peace work I see no reason for dividing the 
suffrage States from the non-suffrage States." 

Miss Laura White, who also stands nearly alone among 
the suffragists of her State, Kentucky, in doing active work 
for peace, writes that she can report only one city — New- 
port — as having Peace Day observed by all its teachers, 
yet says the teachers in general are "much more interested 
than they were five years ago, and the Equal Rights Auxil- 
iaries have done most to cause this change ; through their 
influence ministers frequently refer to The Hague Court and 
arbitration most favorably and effectively. The President of 
our E. R. S., when interviewed as to woman suffrage, gave 
work for peace as one of the benefits. The President of the 
Louisville Woman's Club joined the Equal Rights Associa- 
tion, and stated in public meeting that what women could 
do for peace with the ballot was one of her chief reasons 
for joining. The suffrage members of the General Federa- 
tion are probably the ones who have most actively endorsed 



52 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the standing Peace Committee. I should be sorry for the 
Suffrage Association to give up its Peace Department. I 
believe that the appeal for peace by arbitration strengthens 
the suffrage sentiment." 

Mrs. Sarah A. Bissell, of Toledo, writes that little has 
been done in her State of Ohio, and that her interest had 
not until recently been aroused, as she thought peace work 
did not logically belong to the suffrage movement. But she 
has succeeded in securing attention to the movement in the 
schools and annual observance of the day in her city. "Al- 
though this influence has not extended through the State," 
she says, "I do not believe this department should be aban- 
doned. Now that so many of the States have woman suffrage, 
and there are many others where it is imminent, and that 
we claim the woman influence in politics is peaceful and not 
not warlike, this is not the time to drop the claim. I be- 
lieve that the department of peace should be continued, that 
the State Chairman of the committee should insist that more 
attention be paid to the question of peace in the local so- 
cieties, and the department be made more alive and earnest. 
You see that your suggestion of discontinuing the depart- 
ment has changed my attitude from indifference to lively 
interest. Perhaps it will awaken others." 

Miss Alice M. Douglas, of Bath, Maine, a suffragist, 
though not appointed by the State Suffrage Association, as rep- 
resenting them, has done perhaps more work than any regular 
appointee in distributing literature, making addresses and 
securing widespread attention to the peace cause in schools 
and various organizations, and in putting reports into the 
newspapers. If the State Association were willing to have 
any peace department it would not be likely to find a more 
energetic representative than Miss Douglas. 

Last May, Tennessee withdrew its activity in the peace 
movement, so far as the State Association was concerned, as 
it wished to devote its energies exclusively to suffrage. Very 
little peace work had ever been done, and the members failed 
to recognize its bearing on suffrage. 

Mrs. Belva Lockwood, of Washington, D. C, writes: 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 53 

"A large amount of peace work has been done, but mostly 
by a few people. We have no idea of giving up our 
peace work, and as much will probably be done in the future 
as in the past. We have had a large number of public meet- 
ings, including peace and woman suffrage." She reports that 
schools and clergy almost universally observe Peace Day. 

Mrs. Phoebe C. Wright, of New Jersey, who is an active 
worker, writes : "I find some people prefer peace tracts to 
suffrage. It sometimes opens the way for both kinds of 
literature. Do not think of curtailing the work, it would be 
such a loss. There is much more interest in peace than 
there was five years ago. It has been introduced in schools 
more the past year than ever before." 

Miss Austin of Providence, R. I., reports some work 
done and advises continuance of the Peace Department. 

Mrs. Margaret G. Weilepp, of Baltimore, with Mrs. 
Funck, report peace work done and strongly recommend con- 
tinuance of the department. 

No answers to the queries have been received from 
Louisiana and Utah, which States are usually forward in the 
peace work. 

The addition of four new suffrage States gives women 
equal power now with men in the election of 70 to the 
Electoral College and 20 to the U. S. Senate, which, with 
the President, is the treaty making power. These States 
can probably control the balance of power in the House of 
Representatives, which initiates appropriations; their influ- 
ence should be brought to bear this winter to defeat the 
proposition of the Secretary of the Navy to build three more 
dreadnoughts. The program of the Third Hague Conference 
must be issued in 1913 for the Conference two years later. 
Its preparation is of momentous importance and should enlist 
the keenest interest of women in order that our country may 
take a leading and beneficent part in it. 

Your Chairman leaves to the decision of the Executive 
Committee the question of continuing or abandoning the very 
inadequate work of this department so far as non-equal suf- 
frage States are concerned, but recommends that special effort 



54 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

be taken to enlist the interest of women voters in the peace 
cause. 

She regrets that engagements to present the peace cause 
at Smith College and vicinity coincide with the date of the 
convention and that she must be absent. 
Respectfully submitted, 

LUCIA AMES MEAD, 

Chairman. 

REPORT OF CHURCH WORK COMMITTEE. 

It is estimated that there are over 35,000,000 persons 
in the United States who are members of some Christian 
Church. The work of this committee is to endeavor to 
interest those 35,000,000 people to lead in the general move- 
ment to overthrow the traditions whereby women have been 
held in subjection, and to demand that women equally with 
men shall enjoy civil liberty. There is a general awakening 
among church people which is represented in two streams 
of effort that divide Christian workers into the evangelistic 
and the socialistic workers and the tendency is to harmonize 
the two so that creed and deed shall be united in uplifting 
humanity. 

The churches are beginning to realize that their work 
has been restricted in proportion as they have limited the 
power and activity of women, and that as a leader in all 
great reforms the church needs the help of an enfranchised 
womanhood to extend Christian citizenship and to make this 
in reality, what it is in name, a Christian Nation. 

The members of the Church Work Committee report 
an increasing interest in the Cause of Woman Suffrage, a 
greater demand for literature and for speakers for church 
meetings and for societies connected with churches. By 
arousing interest among clergymen and church people, by 
holding meetings to discuss the subject, three things are 
gained; viz., a free place of meeting, free notices and adver- 
tising, and generally a good audience, to be convinced, 
and if these church organizations endorse woman suffrage, the 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 00 

result is the acquisition of a large number of already organ- 
ized people, ready for work. 

Reports have not been received from all the states where 
campaigns have been carried on, but Mrs. Mary B. Folsom, 
state chairman for Michigan, reports that the clergymen 
throughout the state were valiant supporters of the amend- 
ment, and that no small part of the success of the campaign 
was due to the influence that was exerted by the clergymen 
and church people. 

The Anti-Saloon League of America, an organization that 
includes in its membership hundreds of clergymen all over 
the United States, at its annual convention in Washington, 
D. C, gave an hour at its superintendent's conference on 
Dec. 8th to suffrage, after which Rev. Howard H. Russell, 
D.D., LL.D., offered the following resolution: "I move that 
as a superintendent's conference we pass by a rising vote 
this resolution embodying our sympathy with the cause 
of woman suffrage, and our personal pledge of cooperation 
therewith, thus thanking Mrs. Craigie for her earnest appeal 
here to-day." 

This action was further strengthened by the stand taken 
by Rev. P. A. Baker, D.D., of Columbus, Ohio, the general 
superintendent, who came out emphatically for woman suf- 
frage, stating that the temperance question in this country 
would never be settled until the women, who were the great- 
est sufferers from the liquor evil, have the vote. His state- 
ment was received with more applause and enthusiasm than 
was evoked by anything else during the conference. 

The members of the church work committee focused on 
Mother's Day as a favorable opportunity to enlist the support 
of the clergymen and thousands of circular letters were sent 
out to clergymen in different states, especially through New 
York State, Ohio and Michigan, asking them to preach special 
sermons on that day in support of woman suffrage. 

The circular read as follows : 
Dear Sir: 

'"Mothers' Day" is becoming more and more observed 
in the churches of our land, and many clergymen on that day 



56 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

are delivering special sermons, calling attention to the 
Mother's influence in the Home. "Mothers' Day" this year 
will be celebrated on Sunday, May 12th. 

In view of the fact that in the moral and social reform 
work of the churches the Mothers and Women of the churches 
are seeking to correct serious evils that exist in our cities 
as a menace to the morals of their children outside the home 
and in view of the fact that church women are finding that 
much of their effort is ineffective and of no value because 
they are denied the weapon of Christian warfare, the ballot, 
which gives to Christian citizens the only possible power to 
register their peaceable assertion of conviction and will in 
shaping the governmental affairs of the City, State or Nation, 
we ask of you, will you not in justice to the Mothers of your 
church choose for your topic on "Mothers' Day" some subject 
bearing on "The need of the Mother's influence in the State?" 

Liquor sellers, gamblers and the proprietors of all manner 
of evil resorts that exist for the sole purpose of luring young 
men and women to their ruin, wish to delay as long as 
possible the giving to the Mothers the power of the ballot 
and they seek to protect their interests by uniting to oppose 
Woman Suffrage. 

Is it not time that the clergymen and church people who 
profess to believe in the power of "Good" to overcome "Evil" 
should unite to further what the saloon element unites to 
oppose? 

Should not our clergymen give their support to the 
women in their struggle to add to their prayers and their 
indirect influence the potent and direct power of the ballot, 
without which the moral influence of our Christian Mothers 
in public affairs is essentially weakened and the churches 
are deprived of two-thirds of their power, to help overcome 
the evil and to advance the kingdom of righteousness in our 
land. 

Women are recognized as the most religious, the most 
moral and the most sober portion of the American people. 
Why deny them a voice in public affairs when we give it 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 57 

for the asking to every ignorant foreigner who comes tu 
our shores? 

The women have always been the mainstay and chief 
supporters of the churches and in their struggle for their civil 
liberty. Should not their clergymen or Christian brothers 
sympathize with them and "Remember those in bonds as 
bound with them" and help them in their struggle? On 
behalf of the church work committee representing Christian 
Mothers in every State in the Union, I would be pleased to 
know if you will be one to raise your voice on "Mothers' 
Day" in favor of the extension of the Mother's influence in 
our land "to help those women that labored with you in 
the Gospel?" 

Very truly yours, 

A gratifying number of replies came from clergymen of 
all denominations, saying they would observe Mothers' Day 
and preach on the subject as requested. 

The moral influence of this general observance of 
Mothers' Day has proved more far reaching than we can 
estimate. 

Your chairman was in Youngstown, Ohio, for four weeks, 
including the week before Mothers' Day. Not only was the 
circular letter sent to every clergyman in the city, but each 
one received a personal call urging him to respond to the 
request of the Committee. 

The Mayor of the city, himself a church member, issued 
a public proclamation which was printed in all the papers 
asking the clergymen to observe Mothers' Day with fitting 
services in the churches. Ten clergymen were reported to 
have preached suffrage sermons and there may have been 
more not reported who thus came out on that day in favor 
of the enfranchisement of women. Your chairman was invited 
to speak in a number of the churches and took part in three 
different services, and during the four weeks spent in Youngs- 
town addressed twenty-four Sunday and Wednesday church 
meetings and was present twice by invitation at the meetings 
of the ministerial association of all the Protestant clergymen, 



58 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

who endorsed the woman suffrage movement and became 
active workers in the campaign. 

At a citizens' meeting held just before leaving Youngs- 
town, at which the Mayor presided, the leading Presbyterian, 
Methodist, Baptist and Episcopalian clergymen of the city 
all took part and made splendid speeches in support of the 
amendment although it had been said that not a clergyman 
in the city was in favor of woman suffrage and only two 
women in the whole city were known to advocate it. 

This change of sentiment was due to specially directed 
effort to arouse the clergymen. Our clergymen are leaders 
of thought and therein lies their responsibility and power as 
leaders of all great reforms. 

Mrs. Mabel B. Faraday, state chairman for New Jersey, 
reports that her Committee secured the names of several 
thousand clergymen in the state to whom literature was 
sent, with a circular letter asking their views on woman suf- 
frage. Many favorable replies were received, which have 
subsequently been published in a leaflet. 

Dr. Ballard, president of the Ocean Grove Chataqua 
Assembly, is a strong advocate of suffrage and uses his voice, 
his pen and his money to help the women of New Jersey. 

Mrs. Faraday was elected a member of the governing 
Board of the Ocean Grove Assembly, and will secure as many 
suffrage speakers as possible for the summer meetings. Mrs. 
Judith Hyams Douglas of New Orleans writes: "More and 
more one can find the old prejudices passing away and woman 
suffrage can now be spoken of without one's feeling that 
an unpardonable sin has been committed. In my election in 
April to the Presidency of the State Federation of Woman 
Clubs there was assurance that the former antagonism to 
Woman Suffrage was weakening, for I was so prominently 
identified with the work here that all knew my sentiments, 
yet they were willing to select me as their President, which 
would not have been possible two or three years ago. 

I was still more surprised when Miss Jean Gordon and 
I were asked to speak at one of the meetings. I took for 
my subject "Woman's Christian Stewardship" and spoke 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 59 

from the Bible standpoint ; since then I have spoken on the 
sanies lines in churches and at Alexandria and at Tulane 
University. I find the moral side of the question proves 
most convincing to Church people. Your article in the 
church magazine was copied by the President of our adult 
Bible class and hung in the Sunday School room. 

I am talking suffrage to every clergyman I meet and 
sending literature to many others. The field is a splendid 
one as they have so much influence, and to get them just 
to think about the question is only the first step toward 
getting them to support it." 

Reports from the State of Illinois are most encouraging. 
The greatest interest was taken in Mothers' Day, also in 
Suffrage Sunday. March 10th, when a concerted movement 
was made to have ministers preach on woman suffrage. A 
score or more responded, among them Bishop Fallows of St. 
Paul Reformed Episcopal Church and Dr. Emil G. Hirsch 
of Sinai Temple. Dr. Hirsch took for his subject "Shall 
Women Vote?" 

He said, "Women largely constitute the leisure class; 
they have opportunity to study conditions and a wide knowl- 
edge and understanding of the deep questions of the day 
of vital interest to humanity, and they should have the right 
to vote on them." 

He paid a high tribute to Jane Addams and Ella Flagg 
Young, Superintendent of Schools, as women who had accom- 
plished great things for the betterment of conditions in the 
city, and said it was preposterous to claim that they and 
a great army of intelligent women in our cities would not 
use the ballot wisely. Bishop Fallows said in closing his 
sermon. "There is not a right demanded by men as Christian 
citizens that should not be accorded to women and the world 
be better for it." 

Mrs. Catharine Stewart Wood, chairman for Pennsyl- 
vania, writes: "There is a marked difference in the attitude 
of church people toward the question of woman suffrage. 
Prejudice is dying out and I find many ready to listen and 
to talk about it who were formerly indifferent. It seems to 



60 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

be in the air, and clergymen who formerly refused now 
readily consent to assist and often to speak at meetings in 
churches." 

Dr. Nina Wilson Dewey reports increased activity among 
church workers in the State of Iowa and sends a model reso- 
lution passed by a Woman Christian Association numbering 
over 200 of the leading women in an Iowa city. The asso- 
ciation has conducted a city hospital, a home for the friendless, 
and other associated charities, and their experience has shown 
them that much of their work is ineffective without the ballot. 

The resolution reads : "Resolved, that, Whereas, the 
Home is the foundation of National greatness and is not at 
present fully represented in the State because of the dis- 
franchisement of the women of the home, we, the members 
of the Woman Christian Association, believe that the time has 
come when more attention should be given by our legisla- 
tors to this most vital defect in our national life and that 
women should be put in a position to defend their homes 
and children intelligently from the great foes of their exist- 
ence — ignorance, intemperance, disease and immorality — that 
scientific child culture should be given state attention, and 
that a department of Homes is at least as necessary as a De- 
partment of Agriculture." 

MARY E. CRAIGIE, 

Chairman. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ENDORSEMENT BY 
ORGANIZATIONS 

The work of this committee has consisted in sending 
each month to the various State chairmen a list of conven- 
tions to be held in her State, which would seem to offer op- 
portunities for securing suffrage endorsements. The method 
used this year at Headquarters has somewhat reduced the 
clerical work over that of last year, but even so, it seems to 
the chairman an exorbitant amount of labor for the results 
produced. 

There are only three resolutions on file which have been 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 61 

reported back to Headquarters as the direct result of the 
notices sent, in spite of the fact that the local chairmen have 
always been urged to send in reports of endorsements when- 
ever secured. 

A recent canvas of the local chairmen has been made in 
which the following questions were asked : 

1. Do you consider this service from the National office 
valuable? Would you recommend its continuance? 

2. How many endorsements from conventions have you 
secured since November, 1911? 

The results were as follows : Out of 38 chairmen who 
were questioned, only 19 answered at all; of these 5 replied 
that the service was valuable; 8 that it was not; 5 recom- 
mended that it be discontinued ; and 6 were vague. Only 
22 endorsements were secured, and many of them were from 
organizations which had previously endorsed suffrage. 

In view of the foregoing your chairman respectfully 
recommends that this service from Headquarters be aban- 
doned as most active suffragists will hunt out their own 
convention opportunities unaided, and the labor of the office 
force is urgently needed for more productive work. 

MARY WARE DENNETT, 

Chairman. 



REPORT OF THE RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE. 

We, the National American Woman Suffrage Association, 
at our Forty-fourth Annual Convention in the City of Phila- 
delphia assembled, reaffirm that our one object and purpose 
is the enfranchisement of the women of our country. 

We call upon all our members to rejoice at the winning 
of the school vote by the women of Kentucky, and at the 
full enfranchisement of four more states, Kansas, Oregon, 
Arizona and Michigan ; and to rejoice in the fact that at the 
last election the electoral vote of women fully enfranchised 
has been nearly doubled, and to rejoice that all the political 
parties are now obliged to reckon with the growing power 
of the woman vote, and be it 



62 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

RESOLVED— That the N. A. W. S. A. reaffirms the 
principle for which our Association has always stood, of 
being an absolutely non-partisan, non-sectarian body. 

RESOLVED— That the N. A. W. S. A. believes in the 
settlement of all disputes and difficulties, national and inter- 
national, by arbitration and judicial methods and not by war. 

RESOLVED — That we commend the action of those 
State Federations of Women's Clubs which have founded 
departments for the study of Political Economy, and that we 
congratulate those clubs that have endorsed our movement 
to gain the ballot for all women. 

RESOLVED — That we deeply deplore the exploiting of 
the children of this country in our labor markets, to the 
detriment and danger of coming generations ; that we com- 
mend the action of Congress in the creation of a National 
Children's Bureau and President Taft's appointment of a 
woman, Miss Julia Lathrop, as head of the Bureau. 

RESOLVED — That we commend the efforts of our na- 
tional government to end the White Slave Traffic ; that we 
urge the passage in our states of more stringent laws for the 
protection of women; that we demand the same standard 
of morals for men and women, and the same penalties for 
transgressors, regardless of the sex; that we call upon women 
everywhere to awake to the dangers of the social evil and 
to hasten that day when women shall vote and when com- 
mercialized vice shall be exterminated. 

RESOLVED — That the appreciation of the Convention 
be extended to the Mayor and Citizens of Philadelphia for 
their cordial welcome to the Convention, to the Pennsylvania 
Associations and the committees of local arrangements for 
their wonderful efficiency in arranging the details of the Con- 
vention, to the hostesses for their warm hospitality, to the 
ushers for their hard and continuous work, and to every 
co-worker who has helped to make this Convention a huge 
success. We also extend our thanks to the National Men's 
League for its co-operation, to the local press for its full 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 63 

and dignified reports of the Convention, and to the Police 
Department of Philadelphia for its efficiency and courtesy. 
GERTRUDE FOSTER BROWN, 

Chairman. 

REPORTS OF AUXILIARIES. 

Note — By vote of the Official Board, the reports of the campaign 
States are printed in full, the reports of the other States being in- 
cluded in the tabulation at the end of the book. 

OHIO 

Woman Suffrage Association 

In 1911-12 the officers of the Ohio Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion constituted the campaign committee, hence the report of State 
work and campaign work are identical. The legislature of 1910 pro- 
vided for the calling of a constitutional convention. The people of 
Ohio were living under a constitution adopted in 1851, and the sev- 
eral attempts since made to secure a new constitution had been 
failures. Understanding this, the legislators prevailed upon the 
political parties to place the question of holding a constitutional con- 
vention upon the regular party tickets so that every one voting 
the straight ticket voted for the convention. Thus a favorable vote 
was had at the fall election of 1910. 

Almost immediately candidates began announcing themselves, 
and by the beginning of 1911 our campaign was in progress. As 
soon as candidates' names reached headquarters at Warren — through 
correspondence, newspapers, or any way — such candidates were in- 
terviewed as to their stand on woman suffrage. The number of 
favorable replies was astonishing. Although voteless people are 
rather helpless, we did what we could to secure the election of able 
and influential men who were suffragists. The fact that the legis- 
lature had provided that the Constitutional Convention should be 
non-partisan was greatly in our favor. Party politics did not enter 
in and possibly to this Ohio suffragists owe more of their suc- 
cess in the constitutional convention than to any other one thing. 
A lively canvass was carried on by the candidates themselves 
during the summer, and fifty-six who had said they were willing 
to vote to submit a woman suffrage amendment were elected in 
November, 1911. This did not mean that these men were them- 
selves suffragists, for some of them then were opposed. It meant 
only that they were willing the voters should decide. It then be- 
came our duty to interest enough more members to be sure of 
sixty-one votes. 



64 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

As soon as the preliminary work of organizing the Convention 
was completed, our lobby went to Columbus. The State president 
was there most of the session. When she was absent Elizabeth J. 
Hauser was the State's representative. We had the help, at dif- 
ferent times, of various members of the State Executive Committee, 
but from the beginning we proceeded on the theory that the fewer 
people engaged in this work, the less likelihood of making mis- 
takes. Then, too, we had to husband our resources, for we had 
very little money with which to meet expenses. 

Herbert S. Bigelow, a suffragist, was chosen president of the 
Constitutional Convention. Immediately, the State President tele- 
graphed him that the women of Ohio congratulated themselves on 
his election and asked him to give us a good committee. His first 
committee appointment was that of Hon. William B. Kilpatrick, a 
young, able man from Trumbull County, as Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Elective Franchise. This was a major committee, con- 
sisting of twenty-one members. In forming committees, Mr. Bige- 
low asked members of the Convention to signify their choice, and 
a goodly number expressed themselves as wishing to go on the 
woman suffrage committee. Thus from the beginning we had a 
majority of the committee with us. 

We were extremely careful not to impose upon our friends. 
When a member promised his vote, that settled it. We never 
questioned his word, nor asked him a second time. In so far as 
possible we had suffragist members of the Convention interview 
the indifferent and those opposed. The newspaper men were our 
most trusted friends and faithful allies. The afternoon of Febru- 
ary 8 we were given a hearing before the committee in the Senate 
Chamber, ten women from various parts of the State making brief 
addresses. 

It is reported on good authority, that the day after this hear- 
ing a member of the Convention went to an influential woman in 
Columbus and said, "If you do not get busy this woman suffrage 
amendment is going through the Convention." The Antis then 
organized and asked for a hearing before the Committee. Their 
request was granted, they had their hearing and two days later a 
public mass meetings. The next day Mr. Kilpatrick reported the' 
woman suffrage measure to the Convention by a vote of 20 to 1. 

Interests, vicious and commercial, fought the amendment from 
every possible angle, but on March 7, 1912, it passed the Convention by 
a vote of 76 to 3-4. The amendment, which was to Section 1, Article 
V, of the Constitution, read: 

"Every citizen of the United States, of the age of twenty-one 
years, who shall have been a resident of the State one year next 
preceding the election, and of the county, township or ward in which 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION G3a 



MICHIGAN. 

Michigan's report for the months preceding the campaign and 
following the Louisville Convention is one of steady growth in 
membership, steady organization, continued press work, legislative 
attempt, distribution of literature, engagement of eminent speakers 
tor rounds of addresses and general suffrage activity. 

The first step in the Michigan campaign was taken at a special 
session of the Legislature, March 1912, when a recommendation of 
Governor Osborn's that an Amendment to the Constitution relative 
to the right of women to vote should be submitted to the electors. 
The Legislature passed the measure by a vote of 76 to 19 in the 
House, 23 to 9 in the Senate. Only once before had the men of 
Michigan an opportunity to vote on this question — in 1874, 33 
years ago. 

The suffragists of Michigan are deeply grateful to the members 
of the Federation of Labor and the State Grange for the persuasive 
effort made in the Legislature for the passage of our measure, and 
to Governor Osborn, who, by including Woman Suffrage in his call 
for the special session, made our opportunity. The same legislative 
body, less than a year previously, had defeated the Suffrage P>ill by 
a vote of 55 to 44, lacking 9 of the two-third vote required by the new 
Constitution. Following our victory, a banquet to the Legislators 
and their wives, at which our plans were outlined and assistance 
requested, was tendered by the suffragists, and because of the at- 
tendance at this banquet, of men and women from almost every 
section of the State, we consider that the first shot from the campaign 
gun hit the mark. 

The plans laid at the first Board meetings were carried out with 
enthusiasm and fidelity. Because the active workers were all home 
keepers, we could not center our activities, but maintained three 
headquarters in the three largest cities. In Detroit were the general 
offices and that of the State President, Corresponding Secretary and 
Treasurer. This office was a centre for distribution of literature and 
advertising matter, the payment o ( all bills, a large part of the press 
and of the myriad activities such an office entails. Grand Rapids held 
the campaign Headquarters, where were the Vice-President. Record- 
ing Secretary and Chairmen of Advertising and Literature Commit- 
tees, and the Campaign Advisor. In Kalamazoo were the Publicity 
and Speakers' Bureaus, and in Tecumseh, near Detroit, lived our 
Press Chairman. 

With the work thus divided the campaign was pushed along all 
lines without faltering or over-lapping. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 63b 

The Michigan State Grange has about 100,000 membership, and 
this large body appointed its own campaign committee, Miss Ida L 
Chittenden, Chairman, which committee took charge of all rural dis- 
tricts and towns of 200 and less, paying all expenses. The Ladies 
of the Modern Maccabees directed their deputies, of whom there 
are 65, to speak for the suffrage amendment at all meetings they held 
throughout the State during the entire campaign. The Gleaners, 
a strong farmers' co-operative society, and the Farmers' Clubs dis- 
tributed at their own expense great quantities of suffrage literature. 
The Federation of Labor and individual members of the Federation 
were of valuable assistance, especially in Detroit. The Michigan 
W. C. T. U. maintained its own lecturer on suffrage during the cam- 
paign, and its members actively distributed suffrage literature. 

The work of the State Equal Suffrage Association was largely 
done under the Committees mentioned. The Vice-President, Mrs. 
Huntley Russel, in view of her special fitness for the work, being en- 
dowed with indomitable energy and charming personality, was made 
Chairman of Organization. She traveled for five months over the 
State and succeeded in organizing fully 47 counties, and partial or- 
ganization of 18 others. Mrs. Russel paid her own expenses, and 
that of several assistants, making hers the largest financial contri- 
bution of any one person in the State. The Chairman of Literature 
Committee, Mrs. Lois W. Jones, gave her time and ability unreservedly 
to the work, and splendidly systematized, this department sent out 
1,600,000 leaflets and flyers, and 110,000 booklets and pamphlets, or 
over 4V2 tons. Organized counties bought literature and it was sent 
free only to those places where there were no organizations. The 
National Suffrage Association gave $200 worth of literature to this 
Committee for free distribution. Literature was mailed to every 
clergyman and high school principal in the State, and to every busi- 
ness man in the Northern peninsula. The General Headquarters in 
Detroit also sent out great quantities of literature. This work was 
in charge of Mrs. Mary L. Doe of Bay City, the first President of 
the Michigan Association, who gave her entire time to secretarial 
and advisory work in the Detroit office. 

The Advertising Committee, Mrs. C. B. Hamilton, Chairman, 
skilfully handled large quantities of posters, placards, flags, banners, 
buttons and many similar kinds of advertising material. 

The press work was in charge of Mrs. Jennie Law Hardy, who 
prepared sets of campaign reading matter, which were printed in 
several hundred newspapers of the State, without cost to them. Two 
issues of this material were distributed, and the results, as noted 
through our Clipping Bureau, were highly satisfactory. Mrs. Hardy 
also wrote many special press articles and had general charge of 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 63c 

all press work. The various county organizations, under the direction 
of their various Chairmen, of course, inserted much campaign news 
and argument in their local papers. 

Our campaign was an object of intense interest to the press 
of the State. Nothing relating to suffrage was declined; our only- 
trouble was to supply the demand. The newspapers of the large 
cities gave as much space to our doings as if we had intended to 
elect a Governor. Few adverse editorials were seen, and none at all 
of the attacking kind. Some carried advice, many were favorable, 
and most approved of us, if doubtful of our cause. We had the 
ardent support of several of the cleanest papers in the State. 

When we went into campaign we had less than $250 in the 
treasury. The National Association sent Michigan $1,342 and various 
States $211. For the use of the State Association there was raised 
altogether $6,323, and we expect to come out about even. The State 
President served as Chairman of Finance Committee half the cam- 
paign, and Mrs. F. L. Chapel of Kalamazoo, the remainder. Re- 
ports of finances raised by county organizations are not yet in, 
but they probably total several thousand dollars. The National 
Association paid the expenses of Maud Younger for several weeks, 
and for one month Miss Younger remained and paid her own 
expenses. 

The State Association engaged as campaign advisor Dr. A. W. 
Wishart, of Grand Rapids. Mr. Wishart is well known in the State, 
is highly respected, a student of sociological conditions, a good speaker 
and able writer. His knowledge of political conditions and his 
experience in organization work were of great service in the cam- 
paign. He rendered valuable assistance in the preparation of liter- 
ature for use on special occasions. One of his booklets, "A Plain 
Talk to Working Men on a Square Deal", was especially appropriate 
and useful. 

Mr. W. W. Powell of Kalamazoo, had charge of the Speakers' 
and Publicity Bureau, and ably assisted in organization. These men, 
with the special newspaper woman engaged for the last few weeks, 
were the State Board's only salaried workers, aside from stenog- 
raphers and office helpers. 

Especial credit is due the suffragists of Kalamazoo. Headed 
by Mrs. O. H. Clarke, County Chairman, these ladies took entire 
charge of two Congressional districts, or 11 counties, and in all 
these counties our Amendment carried by a good majority. Wayne 
County carried the burden of the biggest city, and headed by Mrs. 
Susan M. Sellars, the County Organization did valiant and unremitting 
work. House to house canvass, street speaking, mass meetings, dis- 
tribution of literature in al! places, at all times, especially at meetings 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 63d 

and at church doors, and at noon factory meetings with speakers, 
were some of the activities in large towns and villages. The fac- 
tories of Detroit, whose name is legion, were covered with speakers 
and literature three times. 

All over the State at picnics, excursions, fairs, ball games, 
parades and home-comings we pressed our work. 

Of our State speakers we are very proud. The gifted Caroline 
Bartlett Crane, who was obliged to be out of the State the first 
part of the campaign, gave herself up entirely to speech-making the 
last few months. Mrs. Jennie Law Hardy did an immense amount 
of speaking in English, French and German. Members of the Men's 
League spoke at meetings all over the State, College League and many 
other Michigan men and women spared neither time nor voice in an 
effort to help the Amendment. 

Our speakers from "abroad" were not numerous. Miss Shaw was 
a week in the state, speaking steadily. Miss Jane Addams spoke 
three times, Florence Kelley once. Beatrice Forbes-Robertson Hale, 
Mrs. Pauline Steinem, Mrs. Schloss, Maud Younger, Josephine Casey, 
Mrs. Ringrose of California, came for varying times. Rev. Ida Hultin 
of Massachusetts, was chief street and factory speaker for Wayne 
County, and Miss Rosalie Gardiner Jones, and her little yellow wagon, 
helped us a while. 

Toward the close of the campaign the antis showed their hand. 
A woman from New York distributed boiler plate matter free to 
papers throughout the State, and was working actively in Detroit, 
Grand Rapids and Saginaw. A few articles distinctly anti then ap- 
peared in the press, but not many. The voters received through the 
mail anti-suffrage literature, and many copies fell into our hands. 
We heard of no anti-suffrage speeches. 

Everywhere were there the signs that our cause had the respect 
and support of a majority. We had no disagreeable experiences. 

Our majority stands now about 5,000, but the count in 11 precincts 
is missing and in 4 counties there are faulty ballots. The Supreme 
Court has ordered the count returned, regardless of the form of 
ballot. We hope these counties' vote will be retained in the final 
count, and failing this, we feel that we have a safe majority without it. 

In any event we won actually and we trust that the Courts will 
sustain the majority verdict of the voters. 

CLARA B. ARTHUR, 

President. 



--^^ 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 65 

he or she resides such time as may be provided by law, shall have 
the qualifications of an elector and be entitled to vote at all elec- 
tions." This amendment, if adopted, would eliminate the words 
"white male," from Section 1, Article V. Our enemies now secured 
the submission of another amendment, this one to eliminate the 
word "white" only. This was done to alienate the negro vote from 
our measure, but the friends who were so solicitous of the negro 
in the Constitutional Convention, who declared that it was a shame 
that he should be tied to the "women's apron strings," did not lift 
a hand to carry the amendment at the polls, and it was defeated. 
So Ohio is in the anomalous position of admitting negroes to the 
electorate (because of the national constitution) and forbidding it in 
its own constitution. 

The last fight of the enemy in the Constitutional Convention was 
to have the suffrage amendment placed in a separate column on 
the ballot next to the proposal "for license to traffic in intoxicating 
liquors." The means employed to discourage us from combatting 
this action more nearly approached a trick than anything before 
tried on us. Word was spread throughout the Convention that 
the Committee on Submisison had agreed to this method of sub- 
mitting the suffrage amendment, and that it was all settled and 
that there was no use in trying to do anything about it. The sole 
representative of the State Association then on the ground got 
the word of a member of the Committee that the report was false, 
that no meeting had been held and no such agreement reached, and 
she did everything in her power to get this word to friendly mem- 
bers of the Convention. The Committee voted to submit the suf- 
frage amendment along with the other amendments and so reported 
to the Convention. The liquor license proposal alone stood in a 
second column on the ballot, and this at the request of the interests 
promoting it. This action was taken May 31, and ended our work in 
the Constitutional Convention. We therefore had a three months' 
campaign, June, July and August, and no people ever worked harder 
and no people ever had more help in the way of outside speakers. 
We felt, and suffragists generally felt, that Ohio's battle was a 
national battle, and all worked accordingly. 

At State headquarters we collected upwards of $16,000, and the 
National Association spent a certain sum for us besides. The Cam- 
paign Committee decided not to call on local associations to give to 
the State, but to let the local centers finance their own campaigns 
as far as possible. The Cleveland Woman Suffrage Party col- 
lected and spent about $10,000; Cincinnati, Dayton, Columbus, Toledo, 
Youngstown and other cities raised and expended considerable sums, 
and at the close of the campaign the State Chairman estimated that 
these monies, added to the State fund, made a probable total of 



66 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

about $40,000 expended. More speakers and more money were 
sent to Cincinnati by the State Association than to any other city 
because the opposition there was greater. 

The campaign developed such strength that predictions that the 
suffrage amendment would carry were made by more than one 
seasoned politician. The mayor of one of our large cities, basing his 
estimate on results of inquiries made in the various counties, said 
the measure would carry by forty thousand. 

The press work and other publicity, the organizing, the speaking, 
all were done as well as could be done, taking into consideration 
the lack of funds in the beginning (there was just $23 in the State 
treasury when the measure passed the Constitutional Convention), 
and the shortness of time. The problem of reaching more than 
one million, two hundred thousand voters in three months is a 
serious one. 

The German-American Alliance and the Personal Liberty League, 
the two associations which represent the brewing interests of Ohio, 
fought us in the field as they did in the Constitutional Convention. 
The Personal Liberty League had an almost perfect card index of 
the voters of the State, and used the utmost discrimination iri 
sending their literature to these voters. The State Chamber of 
Commerce (a misnomer for certain business interests of decidedly 
reactionary tendencies) fought all the progressive amendments and 
adopted as its slogan, "When in doubt, vote No." Advertising 
cards appeared in city and suburban trolley cars throughout the 
State bearing this sentiment, and followed by a facsimile of a section 
of the ballot showing the woman suffrage amendment with the X 
placed against the amendments. This one item of advertising must 
have cost thousands of dollars. We have been told, but are not able 
to substantiate the statements, that our enemies first appropriated 
$500,000 to their campaign against woman suffrage and later added 
$120,000. At a meeting of the German-American Alliance, held in 
Youngstown, following election, the president, in his address, boasted 
as one of the achievements of the Alliance the defeat of the suf- 
frage amendment at the special election September 3, 1912. The 
vote was: For woman suffrage, 249,420; against, 336,875; a majority 
of 87, 455. Ohio has 88 counties. The suffrage amendment car- 
ried in 24 counties; it was lost by a majority of less than 100 each in 
four, by a majority of less than 200 each in four, by less than 500 
each in eleven. One Congressional District, the nineteenth — district 
of Giddings, Wade Garfield and Taylor — in which State headquarters 
are located, carried. 

That the woman suffrage amendment was one of the paramount 
issues is proved by the fact that more votes were cast on this ques- 
tion than on any other of the forty-one submitted. Besides the 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 67 

activity of our known enemies, the apathy of our friends contributed 
to the defeat. Too many men who believe in woman suffrage did 
not go to the polls at all. The vote was light in country districts 
where we had counted upon getting most support. Even so more 
men voted Yes on this question in this, our first campaign in Ohio, 
than had ever voted pro and con upon it in any other State in 
which it had been submitted up to that time. This we regard as a 
near victory instead of a defeat and it makes us exceedingly opti- 
mistic of the outcome next time. 

When all bills were paid the State Association had on hand 
$3,000 with which to begin the new campaign. The Initiative and 
Referendum having been adopted at the special election we can now 
initiate a constitutional amendment by means of a petition bearing 
signatures of 10 per cent of the voters of the State. The Ohio 
Woman Suffrage Association has voted to proceed by means of such 
petition and to sumbit the question not later thau 1914. 

HARRIET TAYLOR UPTON. 

OHIO 

Equal Franchise Association 

The Ohio Equal Franchise Association is a very young but sturdy 
child of the National. Barely two months old when the Constitu- 
tional Committee passed our amendment, and as poor as a suffrage 
organization can be, we went at once to work, printing campaign 
literature, working vigorously for the formation of the Men's League, 
which has been of such great assistance to us, and making a special 
point of church work. In this we had the invaluable help of Miss 
Laura Clay, of Kentucky, who gave us a week of her time at 
the opening of the campaign in Cincinnati in April, beginning with 
an address before the Methodist Ministers' Meeting of Ohio, the 
largest organization of its kind in our part of the country. 

Miss Shaw followed, coming upon the invitation of our Society, 
and speaking before the Evangelical Alliance and to an immense 
audience under the auspices of our Men's League, for which Miss 
Shaw's date in Cincinnati had been arranged. 

The result of these two meetings bringing together the ministers 
of Ohio and also many from Kentucky and Indiana, and of our 
church work in Hamilton County, the darkest spot probably in the 
State, has been that the clergy, before almost unanimously in- 
different or opposed, are now nearly a unit for us. We are push- 
ing the advantage this gives us for work among church women, 
who have been particularly apathetic. 

We find work at county fairs one of our greatest helps. In 
August we painted the Hamilton County Fair yellow with Votes 



68 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

for Women posters, distributed literature freely to the 60,000 or more 
visitors on the grounds, who in a large proportion were voters, 
and had our best speakers on hand. A Suffrage wagon with im- 
mense signs paraded the streets for a week before the election and 
we had street speaking at factories and in parks. 

Our membership now numbers 500 in nine counties, and we are 
preparing for an active campaign of education among Ohio women. 
To this end we find nothing so useful as the parlor meeting, whence 
we can speak to non suffragists and antis, who would never at- 
tend, what is called a suffrage meeting, but willingly accept an 
invitation to a friend's house without regard to the purpose of 
the gathering. 

The issues were made so clear in the election that we think 
our work will not be hard. The organized liquor interests with 
posters in the saloons, cards in the street cars and money to burn 
all over the state boast that they defeated us. A gentleman not 
unconnected with the liquor interests said to me before the election 
in the kind and explanatory tone used to console a child for com- 
ing disappointment: "It might do to let women vote in other states, 
but the liquor men would never allow it in Ohio. You know 
Ohio was the cradle of prohibition, and they could not afford 
to risk it." It was suggested that women might sometimes be divided 
on this point, but he looked incredulous and shook his head. 

With the initiative and referendum we expect suffrage in Ohio 
in two years, and we shall be ready for it. 

We wish to express our thanks and appreciation to our beloved 
National President, Dr. Shaw, to whom we owe so much of the 
awakened life and interest in our state and to a great number of 
loyal and unselfish women who gave their time and service to 
the Ohio campaign with the result that nearly 250,000 men cast 
their ballots for equal suffrage. We in Ohio feel that such a large 
vote in our favor is a cause of rejoicing and indicates a speedy victory. 

FLORA E. WORTHINGTON, 
President. 

OREGON. 
State Equal Suffrage Association. 

The Oregon State Equal Suffrage Association, having accom- 
plished its nearly 42 years of service, expired by limitation on the 
5th day of November, 1912. 

It would be impossible for me, or any one else, to furnish 
for the convenience of the National Association any sort of a 
tabulated statement of our membership, the number of meetings 
held or any other iron-clad account of the work we did to win. 

Within three weeks after our defeat in 1910, we renewed our 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 69 

struggle by initiative petitions and tiled the same with the Secretary 
of State. But we did not consent to "lift the lid," as the politicians 
say, until about the beginning of the year 1912, when our faithful 
Executive Committee publicly declared the campaign was on. 

A nun's league was formed at once with W. M. Davis, Esq., 
as President, and the leading law makers of the State rallied to 
our standard, as they never would have done if our Constitution 
bad not proclaimed that it was our sole aim to secure the enfranchise- 
ment of women, irrespective of any other issue whatsoever. 

Immediately after we had declared the "lid" was off, all sorts 
of Leagues and Clubs sprang into existence as if by magic. 

Little attention was paid in any county to classified organiza- 
tion under any set rules or regulations. I had never found it ex- 
pedient, as the pioneer worker in Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, 
to pay much attention to the formation of Suffrage Societies. The 
clubs I would organize in any locality would die out in a few years, 
unless 1 would be able to visit them periodically. Rut, when a 
campaign was on, it was not difficult, as was proven in the campaign 
just ended, to incite activities among all classes of people, as we 
could not do in the Pacific States if the movement was crystalized 
into paid-up membership, Just lure I wish to say a commendatory 
word concerning the initiative and referendum. The Oregon legis- 
lature having learned a reactionary lesson from eastern assemblies, 
had begun to adopt the passage of a suffrage amendment in one 
bouse only to kill it in the other. We therefore called off all suf- 
frage meetings for five years and withdrew from all public agitation 
of the question to let the men I irget us till they would havi 
to enact a law by which we could appeal to the people at large. 

For five years after the organization of voters against our 
cause had defeated us, as was done in 1906, our faithful executive 
committee worked in ambush, though we kept the channels open 
and tried various expedients to relaunch our stranded ship. Never 
once did our committee relax its vigilance, though the negative vote 
increased biennially until we tried the experiment of attaching a 
tax paying clause to our amendment of 1910, which had the desired 
effect of arousing tax paying women of every county to oppose 
"taxation without representation," thus calling the attention of as- 
sessors and county clerks to a spontaneous uprising of women 
which prepared the way for our success in 1912. 

The women of suffrage states could not be confined to state 
membership, nor did we try to so confine them. The little sums 
they raised in local leagues were used among themselves, with the 
cordial approval of our state executive committee. The National 
Association did not contribute a single dime to our State Association. 

A little campaign committee of the Portland Woman's Club 



70 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

became the recipient 6f all the national funds, and we of the State 
Association who had paid the National Association tribute for 40 
years, including $1000 raised by myself for Miss Anthony, 1871, 
were as completely boycotted as if we had not ourselves made 
the Oregon campaign. 

Early in the year 1912 I was stricken with a serious and still 
continued illness, but our state work went on under the masterly 
leadership of Mrs. Henry Waldo Coe, our acting president, and 
her faithful coadjutors, who never allowed one banner to trail in 
the dust, and to her and her valiant co-workers belong the credit, 
not only of relaunching our stranded ship, but of according to 
the State Association the sole honors of our victory. 

A birthday party was held in my honor on my 78th birthday, 
October 22nd, in the great Gipsey Smith Auditorium, to which I 
was carried in a wheel chair. Governor West, Ex-Senator Fulton 
and a score of other prominent men and women, gathered under 
the leadership of Mrs. Coe. The leading press of the State gave 
columns of laudatory mention, calling upon all patriots to grant 
the women equal suffrage while their veteran standard bearer was 
here to witness the victory. Banquets of the highest order were 
given at the leading hotels all over the State in honor of distinguished 
guests who came our way. One political banquet, managed wholly 
by Mrs. Coe, brought out, as speakers, the leading men of all political 
parties as our open allies. Preachers, professors, judges, teachers, 
physicians, lawyers, leading women of all sorts of clubs fell into line. 

Governor West honored the writer with an invitation to write 
the Equal Suffrage Proclamation, which I signed under his signature, 
at the beautiful home of Mrs. Coe in presence of our State Execu- 
tive Committee and the State Central Committee, an occasion illus- 
trated by all the leading newspapers, and was followed a few days 
later by a ratification banquet to 500 joyous men and women. This 
banquet was managed by Mrs. Edith L. Weathered, a prominent 
leader of the Goods Roads movement, and an Equal Suffrage speaker 
of much prominence. I had the honor to be seated as a speaker 
between Governor West and Governor-elect Lister of Washington. 

The newly enfranchised women of Oregon are now taking up the 
study of good government in eager earnest, and we intend to pay 
special attention to the coming suffrage campaigns of Nevada and 
Montana. ABIGAIL SCOTT DUNIWAY, 

President. 
OREGON. 

Woman's Club Suffrage Campaign Committee for the Period of 
Feb. 20 to Nov. 5, Inclusive. 

On February 20th, through Dr. Anna Howard Shaw, the com- 
mittee was allowed a monthly contribution of $200 per month for 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 71 

the ten months of the campaign, including the month of February 
and November, making a total of $2,000; also a monthly contribution 
of $25 from the Woman's Club for nine months, or a total of $225. 
In addition to these regular monthly contributions, campaign mem- 
berships and small monthly pledges, with occasional donations, 
were received, approximating about $600, the larger portion of this 
being raised for special purposes. Donations in the way of rail- 
road fare, hotel charges, etc., were made by many workers and 
speakers, who contributed these expenses as well as their time and 
services. 

Headquarters were secured in the Rothchild building, and were 
kept open and in charge of a secretary from Feb. 20 to Nov. 5, 
inclusive, covering a period of seven and a half months. 

The headquarters were conducted at a running expense of $115.00 
per month, this including rental, telephone charges, rent of type- 
writer, and salary of secretary. Office supplies and equipment, run- 
ning from $5 to $15 per month, brought the current expenses for 
the seven and a half months up to about $850. 

All the cash contributions and donations received amounted to 
about $2,850, leaving above the $850 office expense, about $2,000, 
which was expended, in brief, as follows: 

For advertising stationery and printing bills for literature; for 
heavy stamp bills for postage in distributing leaflets throughout 
the State; expressage on larger packages; hiring halls for speakers, 
and in a number of cases, paying lecturers' and speakers' fees; various 
advertising expenses and financial co-operation with other suffrage 
organizations in their plans, made heavy demands upon the com- 
mittee's funds. Itemized accounts of these expenditures are in the 
hands of Mrs. W. H. Fear, the committee's treasurer. 

In regard to the work done: 

Advertising stationery in sufficient quantity to last throughout 
the campaign was ordered at the opening of headquarters, also the 
first consignment of suffrage literature, comprising 125,000 pieces 
of nine different kinds. Two additional orders for literature, of 
40,000 each, were given three months later, one lot being of specially 
prepared literature which was distributed through Catholic channels 
by Mrs. Mary Ringrose of California, who came to Oregon for the 
purpose of doing this work. At Mrs. Ringrose's suggestion 150 copies 
of a special address, prepared as an especial appeal to Catholics, 
was mimiographed by the secretary and sent out to Catholic institu- 
tions and schools, to be read as educational matter, this having 
been previously arranged by Mrs. Ringrose for fixed dates at the 
opening of the school season. Fifty extra copies of this address were 
run off as a contribution to some other campaign states and will 
be sent, along with such other campaign matter as may be left, to 



72 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

suffrage organizations in some other campaign point when the need 
is over in Oregon. 

A special feature of the committee's campaign work has been 
the bi-weekly suffrage news service supplied all the newspapers of 
the State; this news service was prepared by the committee and 
mimiographed, then sent to every newspaper in Oregon. Previous 
to inaugurating this, personal letters were sent out to all the editors, 
asking their support. A large percentage of the newspapers have 
been regularly using the service for several months past, and several 
of them have added cordial editorials and other support. In addi- 
tion to this press work, local suffragists in all the outlying towns 
have been urged, by this committee, to visit frequently the editors of 
their local papers and take in items of value to the campaign. 

Just previous to the closing of the campaign an order of 15,000 
pieces of literature of three different kinds, was given, and in addi- 
tion to this, several smaller orders for cartoons, leaflets, and pamph- 
lets have been secured from New York, Chicago, Connecticut and 
other suffrage headquarters, so that a wide and attractive variety 
of literature has been kept constantly in circulation. 

An initial order of 10,000 "Votes for Women" buttons, secured 
from an eastern source, was followed by an order for 40,000 more, 
made by a Portland firm. These buttons, along with leaflets and 
"Votes for Women" banners and pennants, have been distributed 
throughout the city and State by individual workers, through the 
mails, at meetings, and in various other ways, notably through the 
county fairs and Chautauqua sessions, at which suffrage booths were 
maintained. 

The committee has endeavored to utilize every possible occasion 
to advance the cause of suffrage, and to secure speakers and lecturers 
passing through the State for suffrage meetings or to touch upon 
the subject when speaking along other lines. Several notable and 
powerful advocates of suffrage have been brought to Oregon through 
the efforts of the committee, and by its co-operation with the plans 
of other organizations; this has been a very effective feature of the 
campaign. Some of these speakers have been entertained at suffrage 
luncheons and dinners given in the down-town hotels, and the number 
and enthusiastic spirit of those attending these affairs has given a 
marked stimulus to the campaign and been a splendid means of 
advertising. 

In co-operation with other suffrage organizations, a state-wide 
campaign has been kept up, and endeavor made to reach the remotest 
section. More than seventy different leagues and clubs have been 
organized, or encouraged and supported, and furnished supplies by 
this committee from its Portland headquarters. Reports coming in 
from these out-side leagues, and those also from individual workers, 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION i '■> 

have been kept tabulated through a card-index system, and in this 
way the weaker sections of the State have been especially helped, 
encouraged and built up. 

Valuable help and co-operation has been had from the Southern 
District Leagues, which have responded most generously to the 
appeals of this committee to reach out and help the weaker towns 
and districts in vicinities nearer to them than to Portland. Workers 
going out from Medford, Eugene, Grants Pass and Ashland, and 
utilizing this committee's supplies, have covered a wide territory in 
the Southern part of the State and encouraged suffrage sentiment 
where encouragement has been most needed. 

Details of the work done are too numerous to be given, but for 
nearly eight months preceding election day, a large number of staunch 
and enthusiastic suffrage workers, throughout the State, have been 
carrying out the plans of this committee and laboring unceasingly to 
win individual votes for the suffrage amendment. The work has 
been done as thoroughly and as systematically as could be managed 
with the funds provided, and in covering so large a territory. 

This committee feels itself greatly indebted to Mr. J. T. Wilson, 
who loaned, free of charge, the furniture with which the headquarters 
were fitted up, thereby saving this committee a considerable ex- 
penditure. 

SARAH A. EVANS, Chairman. 

ESTHER POHL LOVEJOY. 

ELISABETH AVERY EGGERT. 

GRACE WATT ROES. 

FRANCES T. McMILLAN. 

LUCIA S. FEAR. 

DORA E. WILSON. 

ERNESTINE STRANDBERG, Secretary. 



WISCONSIN. 

Woman Suffrage Association. 

The Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association during the last year 
has added one hundred dues-paying members besides enlisting some 
thousands of campaign members who were pledged to work for 
victory at the polls. We have expended three thousand six hundred 
dollars and sixty-one cents. We have held meetings in sixty counties 
and organized either a branch society or a campaign committee in 
each. We have distributed tons of literature and sought to educate 
the people by lectures and in all possible ways. We have inaugur- 
ated some new methods such as distributing literature on railroad 
trains and extending our propaganda on the waters by means of a 
steam launch. We have brought to the State twelve of the most 



74 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

able and most distinguished advocates of woman's suffrage in the 
United States or the world, most of whom have given us from one 
to two months of continuous service, while our own officers have 
worked unceasingly, not one of them having received or asked a 
dollar of remuneration. They have given freely of their time, money 
and energy during the whole campaign, asking nothing except that 
the cause might be advanced. We have employed two young women 
to go into the country places and organize committees. One of 
these has, in the last four months, visited forty-five small towns. 

On election day our women in the various cities where we have 
branches worked all day at the polls distributing literature and re- 
minders. In addition to this Mrs. La Follette gave a series of 
most eloquent addresses and Mr. La Follette, true, as always, to the 
cause, spoke out strongly for it in his political speeches. And yet, 
we were beaten. Not two to one as reported, but by a large 
majority. The official count has not yet been published, but so far 
as reported three hundred fifty-six thousand four hundred thirty-six 
votes were cast on the subject, of which two hundred twenty-four 
thousand three hundred ninety-one were against us. So far as known 
fifteen counties voted for it. We were beaten by the pink ballot! 
Owing to the varied character of our population it was evident 
from the beginning to those familiar with the situation here that 
the only hope of carrying our measure lay in not attracting the 
attention of the lower orders to the subject. The Wisconsin Woman 
Suffrage Association therefore urged a quiet, unobtrusive house-to- 
house canvas. 

Heretofore constitutional amendments have received slight at- 
tention and have been carried by a few votes of those most intelli- 
gent and most interested. Singularly enough at the time of the 
passage of the Suffrage Amendment it occurred to the members 
of our legislature that more attention should be given to amend- 
ments. They therefore passed a law providing that constitutional 
amendments should be voted for on a separate pink ballot. They 
also voted that the three constitutional amendments to be voted 
upon on Nov. 5th, 1912, should be submitted on the regular ballot. 
The suffrage measure was an amendment to the statutes and it 
was enacted that it "shall be submitted to a vote of the people in 
the manner provided by law for the submission of an amendment 
to the constitution at the next general election to be held in Novem- 
ber, 1912." We naturally supposed that the manner of submission 
would be the same as that provided for an amendment of the con- 
stitution in 1912. Near the end of the campaign our Attorney General, 
Mr. Bancroft, decided that our law should be submitted in the manner 
of an amendment not of 1912, but of future amendments. The three 
amendments to the constitution voted upon on the regular ballot 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 75 

passed by a comparatively small vote, the Suffrage Amendment was 
defeated by a big vote. 

We cannot now help things that are done. We must leave the 
past and turn to the future. We have now to encounter the active 
and violent opposition of all the combined ignorant and vicious 
forces. We would have preferred to carry suffrage by a small vote 
and thus avoid collision with these elements, but it was not so to be. 
And now we must stand at our post and fight the "good fight of 
faith." 

The Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association, which for thirty 
years has upheld the banner of equal rights, which has been glorified 
and hallowed by the names of Lucy Stone, Emma C. Bascom, and 
Dr. Laura Ross Wolcott, takes its place in the forefront of the fight. 

At our annual meeting, held Nov. 12, we were fortunate in 
being able to elect as our new president Miss Lutie Stearns, one 
of the most energetic and best known women in the State. Our 
newly elected executive board of bright young women as her co- 
workers, adopting the most up-to-date methods and at the same 
time holding fast to "all of good the old time had" will carry the 
work on vigorously until the women of Wisconsin are enfranchised. 

We earnestly invite the co-operation of all advocates of the 
cause whether men or women. 

In spite of Nov. 5th we have great hopes of Wisconsin. Our 
cosmopolitan population when welded together and educated in the 
principles of human equality will furnish material for a magnificent 
civilization. 

Meantime we look with unspeakable sorrow upon the present 
condition, even though we anticipate the time when this moral desert 
shall be transformed and become the home of a luxuriant growth 
of freedom and virtue. We see in the distance the coming of a 
better day and we can best express our feelings by impersonating 
the State and in her behalf repeating The Nation's Vow written 
by one of our modern poets: 

"I have looked upon mine image in the mirror of the Lord, 
I have gazed upon a craven mid the tempest and the flame; 
I have felt within my vitals the entering of the sword, 
I have sworn to bring a harvest out of barrenness and shame. 

My shame shall be my banner borne on high; 
My folly a great summons and a pledge, 
My sole reproach I make my battle cry, 
My dullness bent into a shining edge. 



76 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

My blindness shape into a javelin, 

My fear into a falcon on the wing, 

My sloth shall be my charger mid the din, 

My faintness a bright arrow on the string. 

I have looked upon mine image in the mirror of the Lord. 
I have gazed upon the craven mid the tempest and the flame, 
I have felt within my vitals the entering of the sword, 
I have sworn to bring a harvest out of barrenness and shame." 

OLYMPIA BROWN, 

President. 

POLITICAL EQUALITY LEAGUE. 

A year ago Wisconsin was the only State east of the Mississippi 
in which a suffrage referendum was pending, and in view of its great 
reputation as pioneer among progressive states, suffragists everywhere 
felt that the Wisconsin campaign presented a tremendous national 
opportunity. And we, in Wisconsin, felt our responsibility to the 
whole national movement. In answer to our appeals, the word went 
out and echoed back and forth throughout the country, "Help Wis- 
consin! If we can win one big industrial State east of the Missis- 
sippi, it will put us ahead ten years." In answer to this word 
came money in large sums — thousands of dollars — from the National, 
from New York, from Illinois, from Minnesota, Nebraska, Indiana, 
Missouri, California, Kentucky, and from countless individuals. To 
all who came so splendidly to our aid we are deeply, profoundly 
grateful. We asked it believing we had a chance to win — you gave 
it believing we had a chance to win. The vast bulk of this outside 
help for Wisconsin was given or pledged a long time before any- 
body knew that Michigan and Ohio were also to have 1912 cam- 
paigns, and it was asked and given in the thought that Wisconsin 
might be our only hope of winning an eastern suffrage state in 1912. 

Well, friends and helpers, we lost, but your money wasn't wasted. 
It went directly into the salaries and traveling expenses of or- 
ganizers, and the suffrage leagues carefully and laboriously built 
up by these organizers — often beginning in towns where there was 
not even one suffragist to entertain the organizer, — these are alive 
and flourishing today, 5 Oof them, active, solvent, dues paying locals — 
your money was invested in them and they stand ready to win 
our next campaign. 

But do not think we let you give all the money. You should 
know that one Wisconsin woman put $3,000 into our campaign last 
year and gave $1,000 to the National besides, Mrs. Charles W. Norris 
of Milwaukee. Others — men and women — gave lesser sums, ranging 
from $300 to five one-cent stamps — in all many thousands. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 77 

Before passing on to tell why we lost, I want to mention some 
of those to whom we owe that degree of success we had. First 
the older suffragists in Wisconsin, without whose early labors we 
never could have had a referendum to put before the people — 
those self-sacrificing pioneers, who have kept the torch burning for 
fifty years, under the inspiration of their devoted leader, the Rev. 
Olympia Brown. Next I want to speak of Miss Harriet Crim of 
Illinois — our girl orator of the Middle West — whose continuous ser- 
vices to Wisconsin were made possible by the National Association. 
North, South, East and West, wherever Miss Crim went, they 
clamored for her to come back and they are clamoring still. Next 
the La Follette's, all three of them, but in this recent campaign we 
owe most to Mrs. La Follette, who, from the moment Congress 
adjourned in July until election day, was a leading spirit in the 
campaign — writing, persuading, speaking, almost continuously. 

Last but not least I must mention Miss Ada James, president 
of the Political Equality League, daughter of Senator James, who 
introduced our bill. Miss James is a rare combination, almost un- 
failing good judgment, keen political insight and the character of 
a saint on earth. Throughout the long months of the campaign, 
though she grew thinner and paler through her unceasing labors for 
suffrage, her spirit never failed. It was our constant inspiration. 

Then I wish I could give a personal word of greeting from 
Wisconsin to the splendid speakers, the experienced campaigners 
and the brave new recruits who came in from other states to help 
us. First the Illinois women, without whose help we never could 
have begun our campaign, last the Ohio women, without whom we 
never could have made as good a finish as we made, and in between 
many another splendid woman, who put in a week or two weeks 
or six weeks, to help Wisconsin. Bless their hearts, one and all. 
I wish we might have won for their sake. 

The vote on woman suffrage in Wisconsin barring one county 
from which returns have not yet come in, stood 132,000 for, 224,000 
against. The papers have published it as a two to one defeat, but 
you see it wasn't nearly so bad as that. The majority against us 
fell 40,000 short of being a two to one majority. Nevertheless it 
was a heavy defeat. Now the only question which can possibly 
interest this great audience is why we lost, when our hopes were 
so high a year ago. Wherein were our calculations wrong? I 
have time merely to outline the situation. For one thing, we over- 
estimated the friendliness of the large Scandinavian vote. We 
counted on the Norwegians and Swedes of western Wisconsin stand- 
ing in favor of equal suffrage as a matter of course, because women 
vote in Norway and are on the verge of it in Sweden, but when 
we came to campaign among them we found many on our side 



78 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

but many just as conservative about woman as the majority of the 
Germans. In short we found we couldn't count on their votes — 
they had to be brought over man by man and we didn't have 
time to get around. Next we over-estimated the support to be 
counted on from the Progressive Republican voters; we had hoped 
they would follow their great leader, Robert M. La Follette in this, 
as they have for so many years, in other Progressive measures, but 
thousands of them did not. I sometimes think the last thing a 
man becomes progressive about is the activities of his own wife. 

Again, we over-estimated what the Socialist vote would mean 
to us. I believe that most of the Socialist Party members stood 
by their platform and voted for us, but their sympathizers did not. 
Thus, many of the wards in Milwaukee which gave Victor Berger 
enormous majorities went more than two to one against woman 
suffrage. 

Finally, we under-estimated the far-reaching power of the great 
organized brewing industry in Wisconsin, and we under-estimated 
the extent of its hostility to woman suffrage. The open opposition 
of the retail liquor dealers is common to all suffrage campaigns. 
Wisconsin was no exception, but that alone was not enough to 
defeat us. The determined and united opposition of a great organized 
manufacturing industry is another matter. 

Wisconsin stands second among the states in its output of 
malt liquors. The brewing industry ranks fourth in Wisconsin; 
its capital stock amounts to $85,000,000. I need not remind you 
of what made Milwaukee famous and I may say it deserves its 
reputation, but it is not in Milwaukee alone that good beer is made. 
A dozen other cities in the State are big brewing centers. Indeed 
there is hardly a town of 3,000 in the eastern part of Wisconsin 
which has not two or three big breweries. 

Now, of course, the brewers didn't fight us openly. They didn't 
need to. The important thing was that everybody who did business 
with them from the farmer who sold them barley to the big city 
newspapers who sold them advertising space, knew how they stood. 
Thus, their mere enormous corporate existence in the State was a 
constant effective protest against the suffrage referendum. Have you 
ever thought how many industries there would be in a brewing 
state dependent upon the brewing industry for their success? The 
bottle makers, cork makers, barrel makers, malsters, etc. Why there 
are whole cities of 20,000 in Wisconsin where not a single business 
man dares to let his wife come out for suffrage? Why? Because 
practically every man's business is dependent for success on the 
good will of the big breweries in that city. 

Whether they are wrong or right in their fears the brewers of 
Wisconsin have decided that giving women the vote will hurt their 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 79 

business. They put their business, as, alas, most big corporations 
do, ahead of democracy, justice and simple human right, and they 
are determined to do all in their power to delay the coming of 
votes for women. 

But what does this mean to the suffragists of Wisconsin? It 
is merely a challenge. The brewers do not control the majority 
of the voters of Wisconsin and they cannot defeat us alone. Their 
power can defeat us only when it is allied with ignorance and 
prejudice, and it is our business to cut off these allies, — to do away 
with the ignorance and prejudice that still exist in Wisconsin in 
regard to woman suffrage. When we have done that the issue 
will be clear and we shall win. 

We made a great beginning last year; it will take two years 
more, perhaps four. Meanwhile all hail to Michigan for getting 
in ahead of us, she has made our task easier, and above all, all 
success to the campaign states of 1913. 

CRYSTAL EASTMAN BENEDICT, 

Campaign Manager. 

ARIZONA. 

The Arizona campaign for suffrage is probably the most unique 
in history. The fight for equal suffrage began here fifteen years 
ago and eight years ago success seemed within our grasp when 
we had a suffrage bill pass both houses of the legislature by a two- 
thirds vote. But the bill was vetoed by a Governor who was 
controlled by machine politicians. Since that time it has been ap- 
parent that we could never succeed with a suffrage measure until 
it came to a vote of the people. 

When the Enabling Act was passed two years ago last June, 
there arose a murmur that soon swelled into one insistent demand 
that the new constitution be builded strictly along progressive lines. 
Hon. Henry F. Ashurst was present senator from Arizona, sounded 
the keynote of the coming campaign when in his Fourth of July 
speech he advocated the initiative and referendum and other progres- 
sive measures. Senator Ashurst is a Democrat but the Democratic 
party was at that time in the hands of the reactionaries and they 
scared Mr. Ashurst most severely for what they termed his untimely 
speech. A week or two later a convention of the working men 
was called and met in Phoenix. I attended that convention, and 
heard it declared most emphatically that neither the Democratic 
nor Republican parties fulfilled the demands of the working class, 
hence a new party, "The Labor Party," was formed, and their plat- 
form contained all of the progressive measures advocated by Senator 
Ashurst and a good many more, an equal suffrage plank coming 
among others. It soon became apparent that unless something was 



80 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

done to meet the demands of the people, the "Labor Party" would 
become the dominant party in Arizona and the Democratic party 
quickly trimmed its sails to catch the breeze of popular sentiment. 
Here is where the women let an opportunity go by. If an organized 
effort had been made at that time to have equal suffrage become 
a part of the progressive demands we could have gotten equal suf- 
frage into the Constitution very easily. But the women were not 
alive to the fact, hence only a partial effort was made. But even 
the small effort brought forth good results, for when the Constitu- 
tional Convention met the following fall, a considerable number of 
its members pledged to suffrage. We labored long and well with 
that convention, but it was useless, for we soon found that although 
the majority was labelled "Progressive," that only a few were the 
genuine article. Only a thin veneer, just enough to deceive tiie 
people, covered the greater number, and so we failed on the ground 
that it would be dangerous and radical to put equal suffrage into 
+.he Constitution and would insure its veto by President Taft. 
And this with a Constitution that already had the initiative and 
referendum and the recall of judges written — voted in defiance 
of President Taft's expressed wish when he toured the State a few 
months before. So we went back home and told our tale of woe, 
but the people would not believe us when we told them that a 
great many of those so-called progressive men were a very bad 
imitation and as soon as the Constitution had been formally adopted 
and statehood declared they sent back every one of these men who 
wanted to come as members of the first State legislature, except the 
eleven Republicans who had honestly declared themselves reaction- 
aries and in favor of a "safe and sane Constitution." They were 
retired in disgrace. 

As soon as the first State election was held we commenced bom- 
barding the Governor with petitions and letters asking him to recom- 
mend suffrage in his message to the legislature. This he did and the 
second bill introduced when that legislature met was one asking that 
our amendment to the constitution be submitted to the voters, giving 
all citizens of certain qualifications the right to vote and providing 
that the word citizen should include persons of the male and female 
sex. This bill or a similar one was passed by a good majority in the 
lower house but failed by one vote in the Senate, which was presided 
over and dominated by our arch enemy of the Constitutional Conven- 
tion. The final vote came last April and we then had but little more 
than two months in which to obtain names enough for our initiative 
petition. Here the Socialists came to our aid and without them we 
should have failed, but as it was we succeeded in obtaining one-quarter 
more names than needed, and filed our petition the 5th of July last. 
We had at that time a state central committee with members from 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 81 

every county. We began through them to raise the necessary cam- 
paign funds. The National through Miss Shaw came forward with 
a pledge of enough money to commence the work and financed 
almost half the entire fund. 

Our campaign was not an expensive one as we had only one 
paid speaker, Mrs. Laura Gregg Cannon. Miss Shaw gave us seven 
speeches in the entire State and she made hundreds of votes for 
us, and her praises were sounded everywhere. Dozens of influential 
people in every town where she spoke have told us that they have 
never thought of suffrage as anything but a joke until they heard 
Miss Shaw. As I review the work of the campaign I am very well 
satisfied with it and can say that few mistakes were made, but there 
is one thing we could not have done without, and that was Miss 
Shaw's seven lectures here. 

Mrs. Cannon spoke almost entirely to the labor men, and the 
result was most gratifying indeed. The election returns show that 
fully 95 per cent of the solid labor vote was given for the suffrage 
amendment. Miss Alice Park of Palo Alto, Cal., was here and lent 
us her faithful assistance. Her help was invaluable and the success- 
ful distribution of literature was almost entirely due to her efforts. 

The shrewdest thing that was done during the whole campaign 
was the obtaining of a suffrage plank in both Democratic and 
Republican State platforms. Politics pure and simple were pledged 
here, and the Progressive Party was the principal factor in the game. 
The State party adopted the National platform with its suffrage 
plank in full. When the party conferences were held for the pur- 
poses of formulating the party platform for the State campaign, we 
women went before the Democratic and the Republican conferences 
and beat the reactionaries who had again gained control of the ma- 
chinery. We had a battle royal, but we won by the simple play of wit 
which taught me that man's wit is no match for woman's in point of 
keenness. By securing the suffrage planks, we swept the ground from 
under the feet of our opponents and not one politician dared raise 
his voice against us. Hon. H. A. Davis, a member of the legislature 
as senator from Mancipa County, gave us several weeks of his valu- 
able time without salary and spoke to large crowds of people and 
made many votes for us. We hope to send him to the U. S. Senate 
in two years, and if we do, equal suffrage will have a valiant cham- 
pion. 

The entire press of the State was favorable and only one paper 
published an unfavorable editorial. The majority published all of 
our suffrage matter and gave us numerous favorable editorials. 

We did nothing spectacular, but devoted our whole time to the 
distribution of literature and to personal appeal. We have won 
honestly and solely on the merits of the question. The complete 



82 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

returns are not in, but we have carried the State easily by a majority 
of 2 to 1 and at a total cost of less than $2,000 (two thousand dollars). 
We owe our victory to the generous spirit of Arizona's noble 
and progressive manhood. 

FRANCES WILLARD MUNDS, 

President. 

KANSAS. 

The amendment submitting the question of woman suffrage to 
the voters of Kansas was acted upon favorably by the legislature 
of 1911 and a report of the legislative work was made to the National 
Association at its annual convention, November, 1911. 

At the meeting of the K. E. S. A. in May, 1911, certain changes 
were made in the constitution to adapt it to the needs of campaign 
work, among them a provision for the office of president in each 
congressional district. This person's chief duty was to have a general 
supervision of the counties in her own district, another provision 
was for chairman of certain departments of work. These women, 
with the several general officers, constituted the executive board. 

At the first regular board meeting a plan of action was adopted 
and "Organization, Education and Publicity" became our watchwords. 
We had 105 counties to organize and about 400,000 voters to educate 
with less than $140.00 in our treasury to start the work. The hottest 
summer and the coldest, stormiest winter in the history of Kansas 
followed, but by January 1, 1912, we had organizations in one-third 
of our counties, — the most of our newspapers pledged to help us, 
the essay contests well under way in our rural schools, and head- 
quarters established in the Mills building, Topeka, Kansas. Then 
began a day-in and day-out battle for votes. The president and 
executive secretary spent every working day there, except when 
one or the other was out in the field. At first one stenographer 
did the work, but later three, and an assistant secretary were kept 
busy. 

Help came to us in money and workers from the East, the 
West, the North and the South. Much of it from individuals and 
organizations in other states. The National was among the first and 
largest donors, giving us in literature and money $2,076.56. About 
$16,000 was used in the campaign and most of it was given by Kansas 
men and women. Of the forty workers in the field, almost all were 
Kansans. 

Through our district and county presidents, and their workers, 
we were able to reach the remotest parts of our State. For in- 
stance, each county had its publicity, membership and educational 
chairman, and through them or oother workers, all county, district 
and state organizations were asked to endorse the amendment, and 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 83 

most of them did. Chautauquas, fairs, political meetings and picnics 
also were the lawful prey of these same valiant workers. At poli- 
tical meetings the speaker usually received a polite note, asking 
him to speak a few words favorable to the amendment, and some- 
times our speakers were given time, but we swung clear of all political 
partizanship and they were instructed always to confine their talks to 
woman suffrage. Oct. 13th, 1912, was designated woman's day, and 
ministers of every denomination were asked to preach and pray 
for woman suffrage. Many of the Catholic clergymen helped us, 
sometimes translating the speeches of our workers to the foreigners. 
The W. C. T. U. were faithful allies, but worked independently. 
They with all other state organizations of women, when combined, 
numbered more than 60,000. They all endorsed the amendment in 
their organizations, and by thus asking officially for the vote, put a 
quietus on the objection "Women do not want it." 

We enlisted our best and leading men in the State and had them 
form a Men's League. The presidents of our colleges and universi- 
ties, our best known ministers and many of our state officers and 
leading politicians were members. This body of men, besides giv- 
ing us prestige and great moral support, was invaluable as advisory 
and active workers. This feature marked a contrast between this 
and the campaign of 1894, when the woman suffragist made the 
fight singly and alone. 

The use of automobiles was another new feature and one that 
can not be too highly commended. In this way the rural districts 
and the towns off the line of railroads can be easily reached and 
street meetings in all places made easy and dignified. Another great 
advantage is that the country schools can be reached in passing. The 
teacher is always ready to give time for a short address to the chil- 
dren and for the distribution of literature to "take home to father." 
Thousands of miles were covered by our automobile tours and all 
along their routes pennants and literature were distributed at schools 
and farm houses. As we drove away from the towns it was in- 
teresting to see the men whom we could not have coaxed into a hall, 
gathering in little groups, and earnestly discussing the subject in 
hand. The remark was often made "Well, we have, at least, started 
something." 

However, were I asked what one thing entered more largely 
than any other into our measure of success, I would say the fact 
that Kansas has been a prohibition State for 32 years. Having no 
saloons, our strongest enemies, the criminal interests were deprived 
of centers, where they could congregate their forces for action. 0{ 
course, they did not give up on this account, but our men and 
women having had so many years' experience in keeping the hirelings 
of the brewers and distillers out of Kansas, knew how to meet them 



84 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

in this battle, and to circumvent their activities. Another condition 
which entered largely into our success, was the fact that for fifty 
years Kansas women have had school suffrage. At the time of the 
election almost half of the counties in the State had women county 
superintendents of schools. We have also had municipal suffrage for 
a quarter of a century and bond suffrage in cities of the first class 
for a number of years. Thus Kansas women were already voters 
and were simply asking for promotion. Kansas men, observing that 
going to the polls had no baneful influence on Kansas women, but 
that Kansas women's vote had had good influence on the polls, as 
well as on the many questions settled there, were more easily per- 
suaded to grant us full suffrage, but even with these advantages we 
could not have won without persistent work and consecrated service. 

We had unwavering faith and always talked hopefully, but left 
no stone unturned, and as election day approached even those who 
expected to vote against the amendment declared we were going to 
win, and win we did by 16,079 votes, enfranchising 400,000 women 
at a cost of about four cents per woman. 

I believe no other State at this election gave so large a majority 
for woman suffrage as Kansas and since we had our majority and 
reported our victory first, we claim our right to seventh place for 
the Kansas Star. 

Respectfully submitted. 

LUCY B. JOHNSTON, 
. President. 

NEVADA. 

The Nevada Equal Franchise Society was founded in January, 
1911. Under the leadership of its first president, Mrs. H. Stanislaw- 
sky, a joint resolution enfranchising women was pushed through 
both houses of the legislature of 1911, and signed by the Governor 
in March, 1911. According to Nevada's Constitution, all Constitu- 
tional amendments must be passed by two successive sessions of the 
legislature in order to go on to the electors for adoption or rejec- 
tion. Mrs. Stanislawsky resigned the presidency in February, 1912, 
and the present incumbent was elected to take her place. Laws were 
at once made to organize the counties of the State, to bring pressure 
to bear on the next legislature to pass the bill the second time. 

Eleven out of Nevada's sixteen counties have been organized 
since February as branches of the State Society. Committees repre- 
sent the societies in the five remaining counties. The town suf- 
frage societies have also been formed auxiliary to the county or- 
ganizations at the county seats, and the work of organizing local 
societies auxiliary to the counties as well as to the State will be 
carried on as a preparation for the popular campaign after the 
resolution passes the legislature of 1913. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 85 

The paid membership of the State Society has increased more 
than twentyfold during the last year, and bears a larger proportion to 
the total population of women than does the membership of many 
state societies of the more populous Eastern States. 

A weekly press service consisting partly of the National press 
bulletin and partly of local bulletins has been established in whole 
or part by more than half of the fifty newspapers of the State. The 
president has been obliged to combine the duties of executive state 
organizer and press chairman. One of Nevada's most pressing needs 
in the coming campaign is an experienced press chairman to extend 
the work and leave the president freer for her other duties. 

A leaflet entitled "Woman Under Nevada Laws" by Miss B. 
M. Wilson, one of the State vice-presidents, has been published in 
a special edition of 20,000, and has proved itself an effective piece 
of educational literature in rousing the women to a sense of their 
righl - and wrongs. 

A treasury has been built up by a system of voluntary pledges. 
Nevada has hitherto carried the burden of her campaign alone, with- 
out assistance from the National organization, but as one of the 
primary objects of the National is to stimulate and win new suffrage 
states, substantial help will undoubtedly be forthcoming as a result 
of the encouraging aspects of the Nevada situation. Nevada is in 
a unique position, due to the first passing of the bill in 1911, and 
the necessity of sustaining a prolonged legislative campaign between 
legislatures until the bill can pass the second time in 1913. The 
hard and fast application of the National's rule to put no money 
into a campaign until the amendment is actually submitted would 
work a hardship in a State campaign where sensible and efficient 
work is acknowledged by the National Organization, where the bill 
has already passed one legislature, and where, though population 
and suffrage resources are meagre, the whole suffrage situation, due 
to "Nevada's geographical position absolutely surrounded by suffrage 
states, is most encouraging. 

One hundred dollars worth of co-operation now promised by 
the National Association, will do good at this stage in far larger 
proportions than a similar sum from any other organization or in- 
dividual. The National organization founded by Susan B. Anthony 
is an idealistic force in these remote and far western states where 
ideals an- as strong as their actual embodiments arc distant. The 
one hundred dollars now promised will do five hundred dollars 
worth of good to our officer, our members, and the Nevada public 
as well, as a symbol of the confidence of the National organization 
in a far western campaign where the bill has already successfully 
passed one legislature. 

Ten of the twelve hold-over senators of the legislature of 1913 



86 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

voted for the measure in 1911, and a majority of the newly elected 
members of both houses has been pledged to the bill. So far as the 
action of any legislative body can be predicted the resolution will 
pass the legislature of 1913 by large majorities of both houses, and 
Nevada will be one of the first campaign states with the chance 
of becoming a suffrage State in 1913, should the legislature provide 
for a special election, as is hoped. 

Respectfully submitted, 

ANNE H. MARTIN, 

President. 

CONDENSED REPORT OF AUXILIARIES. 

Note. — The following questions were sent out from National 
Headquarters in the summer of 1912. It was the first time the State 
branches had been asked to provide statistical information, and many 
found it difficult to do so, even states where admirable suffrage work 
had been done. Next year's showing will be much more complete 

and satisfactory. (See table at end of book.) 

CONDENSED MINUTES. 

Annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage As- 
sociation, Thursday, November 21, 1912, 2.35 P. M. 

The president greeted the assembled delegates and the conven- 
tion was opened with silent prayer in memory of Lucretia Mott. 

Mayor Blankenburg then welcomed the convention to Philadelphia 
and expressed his own firm belief in woman suffrage. 

There followed an address by Mrs. Blankenburg, a speech of 
welcome by the State President, Mrs. Price, responded to by Mrs. 
Laidlaw, and addresses by the following fraternal delegates: 

Mrs. Barsels, from the Pennsylvania Women's Christian Temper- 
ance Union; Mrs. Brandstetter, of Oklahoma, from the National Soci- 
alist Party; Mrs. Mclver, of Toronto, from the Canadian Woman 
Suffrage Association. 

The Chair appointed as Credentials Committee to assist the 
treasurer: Mrs. Leach, Kentucky; Mrs. Stewart, Illinois; Miss Whit- 
ney, California; Dr. Sharpless, Pennsylvania. 

The report of the membership committee was read by the chair- 
man, Miss Clay, announcing the admission to the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association, since the last convention, of the 
Nevada, Kansas and Alabama State Associations, the Ohio Equal 
Franchise League, the Women's Political Union of New York, the 
Minnesota Equal Franchise Society, the Women's Franchise League 
of Indiana. The report also recommended the admission of Every- 
body's Suffrage League of Portland and the Portland Equal Franchise 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 87 

Association, whose applications, through no fault of their own, were 
received too late for acceptance by the committee. 

The report was accepted and the Oregon Leagues were admitted 
by vote of the convention. 

The report of the corresponding secretary, including that of the 
Literature Department, and the report of the Press Bureau, were 
read and accepted. 

'Meeting adjourned. 

Friday, A. M., November 22d, 1912. 

The following reports were presented and accepted: 
Presidential Suffrage, Miss Yates. 

Enrollment Committee, Mrs. Laidlaw for Mrs. Penfield. 
Legal Adviser, Miss Mary Towle. 
Ways and Means, Miss Thomas. 

The recommendations of the Official Board and the Executive 
Committee to the convention were read. 

It was moved and seconded that in view of the great importance 
of these questions, the vote should be taken by delegations — this 
request being presented by the delegates of the following organiza- 
tions: 

Nevada State Association, 

California State Association, 

Maryland Just Government League, 

Connecticut State Association, 

Vermont State Association, 

Ohio Equal Franchise League and the 

National Collegiate League. 

The question was raised as to whether the request for a vote 
by delegations need be unanimous in such delegation. The Chair 
ruled and was sustained by the convention, that in the absence of 
any provision to the contrary, the action of each delegation would 
be according to the vote of the majority. 

The recommendation that the National Headquarters should be 
considered as established in New York for the present, was accepted. 

The recommendation "That the Association should have a Field 
Secretary to keep in touch with the work and workers in the States 
and to enable the headquarters office and branch associations to work 
together more efficiently," was tabled on the ground that it involved 
the appropriation of money and could best be dealt with by the 
Official Board. 

For the same reason the following recommendation: 

"1. To organize a Ways and Means Committee with a collector 
who should work in consultation with the various auxiliary and 
affiliated organizations. 



88 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

"2. That the Board should issue a monthly bulletin of facts 
and figures to be sent to every paying member of the Association, 
thus establishing a real bond between the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association and its 50,000 members." 

Afternoon Session. 

The convention continued consideration of the recommendations 
of the Official Board and Executive Committee. 

Concerning the proposed amendments to the Constitution: Art. 
S. — Sec. 1 (a). Voted to accept the recommendation not to adopt. 

Art. 3. — Sec. 3 (b). Since this amendment covered two different 
questions it was voted that a committee of five be appointed to 
submit the amendment in different form. Chair appointed Miss 
Thomas, Miss Ruutz-Rees and Mrs. Helen Goy Greeley, asked them 
to name the two remaining members. 

Art. 3. — Sec. 4 (3). Voted to accept recommendation that the 
amendment be adopted. The proposed addition to Art. 3, Sec. 4, was 
amended to read — "That at the annual meeting of the National Ameri- 
can Woman Suffrage Association on all questions concerning the 
constitution, or the by-laws, or on matters of policy, or on any 
questions at the request of the delegates from five auxiliary associa- 
tions, the delegates present from each auxiliary association shall cast 
the full vote to which the organization is entitled," and as amended 
was defeated by vote of 271 ye a — 155 nay, this not being the required 
two-thirds vote. 

Adjourned. 

Saturday, A. M., November 23d. 

Message of greeting from Mrs. Champ Clark and Mrs. Pfister 
of Colorado was presented by Miss Nettie Louisa White. The con- 
vention moved a message of greeting and thanks in reply. 

The order of the day was waived and the convention proceeded 
with the recommendations of the Official Board and Executive Com- 
mittee concerning amendments to constitution. 

(a) Amendment provided that all auxiliary dues should be paid 
not later than October 15, and that ten cents should be paid for every 
paid up membership. 

(b) Every State Woman Suffrage organization or other affiliated 
organization and affiliated National Suffrage organization containing 
500 paid-up members shall pay into the treasury of the National 
American Woman Suffrage Association a supplementary assessment 
of $50.00 each year, and an additioanl assessment of $10.00 for every 
additional paid-up member or major fraction thereof. 

(c) Amendment provided for one delegate for every one hun- 
dred paid-up members, and for every major fraction thereof. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 89 

The point was raised and sustained by the Chair, "that the motion 
to table the suggestion concerning the Field Secretary and the Ways 
and Means collector would make it impossible for the Board to take 
these matters from the table and act on them. It was, therefore, voted 
to take these motions from the table and to refer them to the Official 
Board with power. 

The convention then proceeded to discuss the proposed amend- 
ments to the constitution. 

Art. 3. — Sec. 5 (d). Voted that the recommendation, that the 
amendment be not accepted be adopted. 

Art. 3. — Sec. 7 (e). Voted that the recommendation not to accept 
be adopted. 

Art. 4. — Sec. 1. The Official Board recommended to strike out 
from list of officers "The Editor of the Official Organ"; the Execu- 
tive Committee amended this proposal and recommended to the con- 
vention to change so that the officers should include the "Editor of 
the Woman's Journal." 

Voted to postpone action 'till after the report on Woman's 
Journal had been presented and until Miss Blackwell's offer to per- 
mit use of Journal as official organ, had been considered. 

The proposed new clause added to Art. 5, Sec. 1 (b) was con- 
sidered. The official Board and Executive Committee recommended 
that it be not adopted. 

The proposed new clause added to Art. 5, Sec. 1 was considered. 
The official Board and Executive Committee recommended that it be 
not adopted. 

After long discussion this recommendation was accepted by a 
vote of 380^4 to 38^4. 

Afternoon Session. 

Reports of the following associations were read and accepted, 
pending the arrival of delegates: 

Nebraska Mary H. Williams. 

Missouri Mrs. George Gelhorn. 

New Hampshire Mary H. Chase. 

Connecticut Maud Hincks. 

(d) Amendment provided that individual co-operating member- 
ship dues be paid not later than October 15. 

(e) Amendment provided that all pledges made at the annual 
convention shall be payable not later than April 1. 

(f) The officers and members of the National American Woman 
Suffrage Associations shall maintain a strictly non-partisan attitude, to 
all political parties, excepting, however, members of the Association 
from states where equal suffrage is in force. 



90 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

New Jersey Mrs. Fiekert. 

New York Woman Suffrage Party Helen H. Greeley. 

New York Women's Political Union. .Harriot Stanton Blatch. 

Michigan Clara B. Arthur. 

New York State Association Harriet May Mills. 

The auditors' report was read by Mrs. Stanley McCormick and 
accepted. 

Treasurer's report read and accepted with thanks. 

Report on the Woman's Journal was presented by Mrs. McCor- 
mick and accepted with thanks. 

Miss Blackwell made a statement concerning the Woman's 
Journal, and Miss Towle, the legal adviser, also explained her ruling 
on the contract between the National American Woman Suffrage 
Association and the Woman's Journal. 

It was voted to accept Miss Blackwell's verbal statement and 
to commend her action in terminating the contract. 

Adjourned. 

Monday, A. M., November 25th. 

A letter of greeting was read from Oregon giving final official 
returns which show a majority of 4161. 

Also a letter of thanks for help given by Miss Shaw and the 
National American Woman Suffrage Association. 

The Special Committee on the amendment to Art. 3, Sec. 4, 
submitted its report. 

By common consent Miss Blackwell was granted permission to 
lay two points before the convention. 

She moved that the convention do not accept the recommenda- 
tion of the Executive Committee to adopt the amendment to Art. 
4, Sec. 1, and Art. 5, Sec. 1, of the constitution, which would make 
the editor of the Woman's Journal a member of the Official Board, 
and that the amendment to these articles striking out from the list 
of officers the editor of the Woman's Journal be adopted. 

The motion was carried. 

The Credentials Committee then reported: 

Mrs. Park of Massachusetts asked the acceptance of her creden- 
tials as delegate of the College Equal Suffrage League and her 
transfer to the delegation from the Massachusetts delegation, of 
which she had been an accredited member since the opening of 
the convention. 

The Chair ruled that the seating of delegates within a delega- 
tion was a matter for the delegations concerned and not for the 
convention and her ruling was sustained. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



!H 



The matter was referred back to the Credentials Committee for 
settlement with the two delegations concerned. 

The convention then proceeded to ballot for officers. During the 
intervals, while the count was being made, various reports were 
presented as follows: Ohio State Association, by Elizabeth J. Hauser; 
Ohio Equal Franchise League, Flora Worthington. Miss Etheridge 
of District of Columbia announced an Inauguration Votes for Wo 
men parade and asked co-operation. Leonora O'Reilly, fraternal 
delegate of the Women's Trade Union League, spoke. 

Further reports were presented: Oklahoma State Association, 
Mrs. Brandstetter; Everybody's Equal Suffrage League, Oregon, Mrs. 
Hidden; Portland Equal Suffrage League, Mrs. Haeley; Just Govern- 
ment League of Maryland, Mrs. Hooker. 

The result of the ballot for president showed Miss Shaw leading 
with 291 L3-80 votes; the next candidate having but 20 votes. The 
second and third candidates withdrew their names, and Miss Addams 
taking the chair, it was voted that the secretary east the vote oft 
the Association for Miss Shaw and it was so done. 

The convention then took a recess for thirty minutes. 

Afternoon Session. 

The meeting was called to order at 3.15 and the informal ballot 
for vice-president was cast— resulting in 416 7-10 votes for Miss 
Addams, the next candidate following with four votes. 

The secretary was instructed to cast the ballot of the Associa- 
tion for Miss Addams and it was so done. 

During the count the reports from the following associations 
were read: Kentucky, Mary Neville; Maine, Helen D. Bates; Massa 7 
chusetts, Mrs. John Leonard; Delaware, Mrs. Cranston; Georgia, 
Mrs. McClennon; Minnesota, Theresa Peyton. 

The Maryland Equal Franchise League report was filed and the 
Chair addressed the convention as follows: 

"During the years which I have been an officer in this Associa- 
tion, I have clone the work of the office which I held to the very 
best of my limited ability. I have tried in every possible way to 
meet the demands which have been made upon me. Until Wve years 
ago it was essential for me to earn a livelihood outside of the work 
which I did for the Association. That was a very great strain upon 
me, because in those years, Miss Anthony felt it very desirable that 
I should be with her a great deal and travel about with her when 
she did her hard work for the suffrage association and, of course, 
as there was no salary attached to any official position held at that 
time, it was a very great strain upon health and strength to keep 



92 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

up the work and support myself and still give months each year to 
the work of the Association, in company with Miss Anthony. And 
the year after Miss Anthony's death, I did the work exactly as I 
had done it before that, without any salary or compensation what- 
ever, and you all know, those who live in any part of the country, 
how I come at your call and how little money was expended on 
the service which I rendered to the Association. I found it absolutely 
impossible to maintain myself and do the work of the Association. 

"At that time, in response to a plea made by Miss Anthony before 
she passed away, Miss M. Carey Thomas and Miss Garrett, set 
themselves to work to raise a fund, stipulating in raising that fund 
that a certain portion of it should be used for a small salary for 
three officers. The president, the treasurer and the corresponding 
secretary. At that time I was the president, Mrs. Upton the 
treasurer, and Miss Kate Gordon the corresponding secretary. The 
salaries were very small; only $1,000 each for the treasurer and 
corresponding secretary and $2,500 for myself. For five years that 
salary was maintained and paid to these different officers, not from 
the treasury of the National Association, for not one dollar has 
ever come out of the treasury, but from the special fund raised by 
these ladies for this purpose. That fund expired the last day of last 
April, since which time there has been no salary attached to the 
office of president or treasurer. 

"I am speaking of these things because of the misunderstanding 
in regard to the positions distinguished as "paid officers" and officers 
who are not paid. To my mind the services of a person paid are 
not less valuable than of those who are not paid. For each person 
who lives must have money of her own to live on, or be able to 
earn it, or else she must die. So that I cannot conceive that paid 
service is slave service and unpaid service is free service. We all 
give to the very best of our ability and we all expect to do so. There 
will be no salary attached in future to the offices .of president or 
treasurer, because there is no provision made for them. 

"I feel that the work of this Association is a great work and 
this Association demands two things — it demands a president who 
has time to give to it, a president who has means to live upon 
while she does give her services, and a president who has a right 
to demand the loyal co-operation of the states which elect her in 
their convention. The presidents who give their services to the 
Association, to the very best of their ability, have a right to the 
loyal support of the Association whose president they are, and I am 
eager to render the very best service I can in my capacity as presi- 
dent of the National Association, but I cannot do that service well, 
nor can I serve you as I ought to serve you, if continual blocks are 
put in my way of rendering service; if misstatements are circulated 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 93 

and efforts are made to discredit your National Officers' Headquarters 
and the Association, by Associations which are members of the body. 
That cannot be done. If any National Officer, or if a group of National 
officers together, do anything which, to your minds, is unwise as 
far as its effects on the society are concerned, the complaint should 
be made directly to the National Board itself and then, the National 
Board can remedy it. I am very sure you are not such a foolish body 
of women as to elect a National Board whom you cannot trust 
to control the affairs of the Association. I ask for but one thing from 
this association, to which I am pledging every minute of my time 
during your next year, and that is your loyal support and that I 
have a right to demand; and I ask further that, if in my administra- 
tion of your work, I do not act in accordance with your wishes, you 
will first let me know where the trouble is and see if I cannot 
myself change it and make it better. It has been said that I am 
incapable of wisely administrating the affairs and am obliged to get 
my directions from others. You will remember that in two re- 
markable administrations in England, under Queen Elizabeth and 
Queen Victoria, it was said by some people that the success of their 
reign was due entirely to their wisdom in selecting their advisers. 

"Now I pledge all my loyal support and I claim from every 
State and other society affiliated with the National body, like loyal 
support." 

The informal ballot for second vice-president was cast and, 
by unanimous consent, the informal ballot for recording secretary 
was cast during the counting of the previous ballot. During the 
counting of the ballots the report of the Tennessee Association was 
presented by Miss Elliott who extended a cordial invitation to the 
National Association to hold its next convention in Memphis. 

On motion of Mrs. McCulloch all invitations for the convention 
were referred to the general officers and thanks were extended to 
those tendering them. 

Reports were presented from the following State Associations: 
Virginia, Mrs. Valentine; Illinois, Grace Wilbur Trout; Vermont, 
Julia Pierce; Indiana, Anna Dunn Noland; Alabama State Associa- 
tion, Miss Jacobs, and from the Friends' Equal Rights Association, 
Mrs. McAfee. 

The informal ballot for second vice-president was reported as 
follows: Miss Whitney, 190 1-5; Miss Blackwell, 178 11-20 and scat- 
tering. 

The formal ballot when counted stood: 

Miss Whitney 209.9 

Miss Blackwell 196.1 

By common consent it was ruled that the informal ballots 
for the remaining officers should be taken before the results of 



94 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the previous ballots were reported; the informal ballot for cor- 
responding secretary was then cast. 

The Resolutions Committee presented its preliminary report. 

The informal ballot for recording secretary was reported as 
follows: Mrs. FitzGerald, 273.9; Miss Elliott, 105.75 and scattering. 

The formal ballot when counted stood: 

Mrs. FitzGerald 298.9 

Miss Elliott 111.9 

The informal vote for corresponding secretary was cast and 
when counted stood: Mrs. Dennett, 290; Mrs. Boyer, 152.11 and 
scattering. 

The formal ballot when counted stood: 

Mrs. Dennett 239 

Mrs. Boyer 169 

Mrs. Laidlaw was given the floor to ask for pledges of money 
for the National American Woman Suffrage Association and re- 
ceived promises and gifts amounting to $5,099.61. 

The informal ballot for treasurer was taken and the vote stood: 
Mrs. McCormick, 314.2; Miss Hauser, 301-3 and scattering. 

The secretary was instructed by the Association to cast its vote 
for Mrs. McCormick and it was so done. 

The informal ballots for first and second auditors were cast 
and the vote stood: 

First Auditor, Mrs. Laidlaw 359.2 and scattering 

Second Auditor Mrs. Bowen 342.6 and scattering 

The secretary was instructed by vote of the association to 
cast its ballot for the above-named officers and it was so done. 

It was voted to meet the next morning at nine-thirty in con- 
vention instead of in Executive Committee. 

Meeting adjourned at six-forty-five. 

Tuesday, November 20 — A. M. 

Consideration of amendments to the constitution was resumed. 

Amendments to Art. 3, Sec. 1 and 3, were presented as re- 
drafted by the special committee and were tabled. Miss Thomas 
gave notice she would submit such an amendment next year; Mrs. 
Ivins gave notice she should introduce an amendment to simplify 
the constitution by confining it to a statement of the name and 
purpose of the association. 

On motion of Miss Hay it was voted that a committee of five be 
appointed to submit a draft of a new constitution to every affiliated 
auxiliary organization, in time for discussion and that the same be re- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 95 

ported to the next convention at its first session — said committee to 
be appointed by the Official Board. 

On motion of Miss Reilly it was voted that a special committee 
of three be appointed to take charge of the debts incurred for the 
Woman's Journal — to pay them as soon as possible. 

Voted not to accept the proposed amendment to Art. 5, Sec. 3 (g). 

Voted to accept proposed amendment to Art. 7, Sec. 1 (h). 

Voted to amend Art. 7, Sec. 4, by striking out the entire section 
(i). 

Voted to adopt the proposed amendments to By-law 1, Sec. 1 (j), 
and to accept the proposed new Sec. 4, to By-law 1 (k) 

It was voted to send telegrams of affectionate remembrance and 
congratulations to Mrs. Munds, of Arizona; Mrs. Duniway, of Ore- 
gon, and Rev. Olympia Brown and Ada L. James, of Wisconsin, 
and letters to the presidents of the other Oregon associations that 
have delegates at the convention. 

The chair announced that immediately after election she had 
sent telegrams of congratulation to the governors of the four suc- 
cessful states. 

Telegrams of greeting were read from the editor of the Inter- 
national Organ — Jus Suffrajii — and from the secretary of the National 
Council of Women. 

The proposed new By-law 7, on methods of election, was 
amended by striking out Sec. 1-5 and inserting "nomination and" 
after the first words of Sec. 6. As so amended it was adopted (1). 

Miss Blackwell submitted an offer for co-operation between the 
Woman's Journal and the National American Woman Suffrage As- 

(g) It shall be the duty of the president of the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association to attend every convention for the 
nomination of a president of the United States, to urge the insertion 
in an equal Suffrage plank in its platform. 

(h) The general officers of this Association shall be elected by 
ballot on the last day but one of the annual meeting. Nominations 
shall be made to the Association at least twenty-four hours before 
the election. 

(i) In the election of officers the delegates present from each 
state may cast the full vote to which that state is entitled. The vote 
shall be taken in the same way upon any other question whenever 
the delegates from five states request it. In other cases, each dele- 
gate shall have one vote. 

(j) Amendment provided that the annual convention shall be 
held between election-day and Thanksgiving. 

(k) All membership dues shall be paid not later than October 
15. Any organization whose dues are not paid by that date shall lose 
its vote in the Convention for that year. 

(1) The working details of the nomination and election shall be 
left to election officers appointed or elected by the Convention. 



96 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

sociation, which was accepted after some amendments and pro- 
vided for the publication in the Journal of the National announce- 
ments and for free advertising of the National literature for a period 
of three months. The National Association agrees to give the 
journal its moral support and co-operation, and circulates on the 
million or more pieces of literature still in stock the advertisement 
of the Woman's Journal. 

On motion of Miss Douglas, of Ohio, the Convention extended 
a vote of thanks to the retiring officers of the Official Board, 
especially to Miss Ashley for her devoted work both to the board 
and to the movement in general. 

It was voted to leave all unfinished business to the Executive 
Committee; this committee to meet immediately upon the close of 
the convention. 

Voted to adjourn the Forty-fourth Annual Convention. 

Convention adjourned at one-ten P. M. 

SUSAN W. FITZGERALD, 

Recording Secretary. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 97 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE— CONDENSED MINUTES. 

a ... 

Thursday, November 21st. 

Executive Committee meeting called to order 10:10. President 
Shaw in the Chair. 

It was voted that the program as printed be made the order of 
business of the Convention. 

The Official Board submitted recommendations to the Executive 
Committee which were read as a whole and then acted upon sep- 
arately. 

Voted to accept the recommendations concerning the Amend- 
ments to Art. 3 except the insert in Sec. 4, action on which was 
postponed. 

Voted that in place of the amendment to Art. 4 and the similar 
amendment to Art. 5 recommended by the Official Board, said section 
be amended by substituting "Editor of the Woman's Journal" for 
the words to be stricken out. 

The further amendment to Art. 5, Sec. 1, concerning political 
non-partisanship was discussed, amended and lost, which action sus- 
tained the recommendation of the Official Board. 

The recommendation of the Official Board to adopt the amend- 
ment to Art. 7, Sec. 1, with slight verbal changes was accepted. 

Meeting adjourned till next day. 



Friday, Nov. 22d, 9:30 A. M. 

Discussion of the proposed amendment to Art. 7, Sec. 4, was 
discussed. 

The roll was called and the meeting adjourned without action; 
it being time for the Convention to meet. 



Tuesday, Nov. 26th, 1:10 P. M. 

It was voted that all unfinished business be referred to the 
Official Board. 

Meeting adjourned. 

SUSAN W. FITZGERALD, 

Recording Secretary. 



98 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



PLEDGES MADE AT PHILADELPHIA FOR ENSUING YEAR. 

Mrs. Weeks $25.00 

Kate Gleason ($100.00 per month) 1,200.00 

New York State Woman Suffrage Association 600.00 

Missouri Equal Suffrage Association 25.00 

Georgia Woman Suffrage Association 10.00 

Friend's Equal Rights Association 60.00 

Equal Suffrage League, St. Louis, Missouri 25.00 

Nettie S. Hill 25.00 

Women's Political Union 100.00 

Maine Woman Suffrage Association 50.00 

Mary G. L. Gannett 25.00 

Atlanta Auto Show (Miss Freeman) 11.61 

District of Columbia Woman Suffrage Association 100.00 

Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Association 500.00 

Mrs. Henry Finkelstein 50.00 

Mrs. C. C. Cannon 100.00 

Adele H. Logan 5.00 

Miss Greisheimer 25.00 

Mrs. Joseph T. Bowen 600.00 

Nebraska Woman Suffrage Association 50.00 

Nettie Lovisa White 25.00 

Lola Greene 5.00 

Equal Suffrage League of Virginia 75.00 

Maria Thompson Davies 10.00 

Mary Buckley 10.00 

Celia J. White 5.00 

Martha Cranston 25.00 

New Jersey Woman Suffrage Association 50.00 

West Side Study Club, New York 10.00 . 

Genevieve S. Stone 10.00 

Mrs. James A. Parker 5.00 

Elsie R. Clapp 50.00 

Mrs. G. H. Chapin 25.00 

Ellen F. Adams 5.00 

Mrs. Melvin 5.00 

M. Carey Thomas 10.00 

Mary Garrett 250.00 

Mary Otis Willcox 50.00 

S. Russell 2.00 

Cash 5.00 

Katherine Russell 1.00 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION' 99 

1 1 elen M. Eaker 5.00 

Susan W. FitzGerald (for three children) 15.00 

Nevada Equal Franchise Society 100.00 

Connecticut Men's League 25.00 

Julia B. Nelson 10.00 

Robert and Anna Tilney 25.00 

East Side Club, New York 10.00 

\ Friend (Virginia Baby) 5.00 

Equal Franchise Society, New York 100.00 

Mary Griffins 1.00 

Cash 1.00 

\-nes H. Child 2.00 

Wisconsin Woman Suffrage Association 100.00 

Mrs. Crossett (for three grandchildren) 3.00 

Mrs. Townsend 1.00 

Lucy Anthony (for Susan Anthony Bacon) 5.00 

M rs. Kern (for three generations) 3.00 

Miss Roberts 5.00 

Mrs. Oscar Davisson 5.00 

Katherine Gavit (for two children) 10.00 

Andrew J. Abell 10.00 

Annie Lamb 5.00 

Helen Gardener 5.00 

Maryland Baby 1 .00 

Mrs. Moss 5.00 

Grace Greene 10.00 

Pa. Branch Col. Equal Suffrage League 25.00 

Regis Smith 2.00 

Edward Wallerstein 1.00 

Mrs. John Kelley 2.00 

Mrs. W. L. MacDiarmid 1.00 

A. M. Martin 1.00 

P. J. Gregg ! 1.00 

Mrs. J. J. White 50.00 

Susan FitzGerald 25.00 

G. H. Lang 5.00 

Mrs. David O'Neill 5.00 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 1.000.00 

F. S. Janney Stoddart 2.00 

Helen Kelley 10.00 

Mary Olcott 10.00 

Octavia Fels 25.00 

E. M. Harris 1.00 

Helen Swift 2.00 

Mary Ingham 20.00 



100 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Bertie Winkler 25.00 

Carrie Wisner 10.00 

Tillie Lustgarten 15.00 

W. T. Pyfer 1.00 

Mrs. M. Donaghy 5.00 

Mrs. V. E. de Choine 5.00 

Mrs. George Gellhorn 5.00 

Mrs. A. E. Scranton Taylor 5.00 

H. A. Baugh 5.00 

L. P. Baugh 5.00 

Mrs. William T. Hincks 5.00 

Emily Howland 300.00 

Agnes Grimshaw Kinney 5.00 

C. J. Jansen 1.00 

Anna P. Sharpless 10.00 

Mrs. John G. Wilson 10.00 

Mary Fels 200.00 

Mrs. Barton Jenks 25.00 

Mrs. J. H. Braly '. 50.00 

Mrs. W. W. Carter 20.00 

Mrs. Armenia White 10.00 

Matilda Garrigues 5.00 

M. R. Ellicott 40.00 

Emily Smith 5.00 

Ellen Potter 2.00 

Mass. Woman Suffrage Association 250.00 

Anne W. Janney 15.00 

Total $6,908.61 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 101 



DELEGATES PRESENT AT CONVENTION. 

General Officers — Anna Howard Shaw, Jane Addams, Mary Ware 
Dennett, Susan Walker FitzGerald, Jessie Ashley, Katharine Dexter 
McCormick, Harriet Burton Laidlaw. 

Chairmen Standing Committees — Anna Howard Shaw, Caroline I. 
Reilly, Mary Ware Dennett, Elizabeth U. Yates, Lucy E. Anthony. 

Alabama — Mrs. Pattie R. Jacobs, Mrs. Oscar Hundley, Amelia 
Worthington, Mrs. Chappell Corey. 

California— Mr. J. H. Braly, Mrs. J. H. Braly, Mrs. Alice Mc- 
Comas, M. Frances Wills. 

Connecticut — Mrs. W. H. Allee, Mary Olcott, Mrs. Charles Foster 
Camp, Miss E. R. Doolittle, Mary B. Ely, Mrs. Frederick Johnson, 
Mrs. William Rheim, Caroline Ruutz-Rees, Mr. Alfredo S. G. Tay- 
lor, Mrs. A. E. Scranton Taylor, Mrs. Grace G. Seton, Mrs. Laura C. 
Tucker, Kate Levin, Mary Buckley, Mrs. Cushman, Mary Cushman, 
Mrs. T. S. McDermott, Mrs. John Pinches. 

Delaware — Mrs. Martha S. Cranston, Agnes H. Child, Margaret 
Kent, Mrs. A. L. Steinlein. 

District of Columbia — Florence Etheridge, Mrs. Helen H. Gar- 
dener, Anna E. Hendley, Alice T. Jenkins, Belva A. Lockwood, Nettie 
L. White. 

Georgia — Mrs. Mary McLendon. 

Illinois — Grace Wilbur Trout, Mrs. John F. Bass, Mrs. Joseph T. 
Bowen, Virginia Brooks, Mrs. Ruth Hurl, Mrs. G. A. Kratzer, Mrs. 
Catherine Waugh McCulloch, Mrs. Ella S. Stewart, Marion Walters, 
Caroline B. Wilbur. 

Indiana — Anna Dunn Noland. 

Iowa — Rev. Mary A. Safford, Mrs. Jennie L. Wilson, Mrs. J. B. 
McHose, Mrs. C. Burghardt. 

Kansas — Mrs. Lucy B. Johnston, Dr. Debora K. Longshore, 
Helen K. Eaker. 

Kentucky — Mary Neville, Mrs. Charles Firth, Caroline Leech, 
Mrs. Mary Giltner, Mrs. Mary Cramer, Cecil Cantrill, Lide Faut, Mrs. 
E. L. Hutchinson, Mrs. Emil Tachan, Mrs. N. McLaughlin, Emma 
Hast, Mrs. James A. Leech. 



102 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Maine — Helen Bates, Dr. Jennie Fuller, Mrs. George H. Allan, 
Mrs. Hannah J. Bailey. 

Maryland — Emma Maddox Funck, Mrs. Charles Wood, Mary 
Melvin, Mrs. Charles Warfield, Mrs. Emma Engbach. 

Maryland — Just Government League — Mrs. Donald Hooker, Mrs. 
B. Holly Smith, Mrs. Frederick Troxell, Mrs. J. Wilson Moore, Miss 
M. Weir, Mrs. Robert Moss, Henrietta Dickson, Reba Foster, Mrs. 
John Wilson, Dr. Mary Sherwood, Mrs. J. M. Barnesville, Miss A. 
Larkin, Mrs. Leonard Hayes, Mrs. T. Forbes, Mrs. Calvin Gabriel. 
Mrs. Frank Ramey, Mrs. Joseph M. White. 

Maryland — State Equal Franchise League — Mrs. William M. Elli- 
cott, Mrs. William Brown, Mrs. E. J. Kirby, Mrs. George M. Lamb, 
Miss Rebecca Miller, Mrs. Charles Ellicott, Mrs. Clara Waite. 

Massachusetts — Alice Stone Blackwell, Mrs. Ellen F. Adams, 
Myrtle Smith, M. D.; Mrs. Marion Booth Kelly, Miss Mary Gay, 
Mrs. Anna Louise Stearns, Miss Mabel Millard, Mrs. Maud Wood 
Park, Mrs. Mary Hutcheson Page, Mrs. Gertrude H. Leonard, Miss 
Agnes E. Ryan, Mrs. Emma L. Blackwell, Miss Margaret Foley, 
Helen Parker, Martha Morris, Mrs. Eliza Whiting, Celia White, Mrs. 
K. H, Millard, Mrs. Susie Clapin, Mrs. Teresa Crowley. 

Michigan — Mrs. Clara B. Arthur, Mrs. G. B. Jennison, Mrs. Hunt- 
ley Russell, Mrs. C. B. Yulkerson, Rev. Caroline Bartlett Crane. 

-Minnesota — Mrs. A. H. Potter, Gertrude Hunter, Sofie Kenyon. 

Minnesota — Equal Franchise League — Theresa B. Peyton, Mrs. 

Julia Nelson, Mrs. M. A. Luley. 

Missouri — Mrs. George Gellhorn, Mrs. D. W. Keufler, Mrs. John 
Lowes, Mrs. David O'Neill. 

Nebraska — Mary H. Williams. 

Nevada — Anne H. Martin. 

New Hampshire — Mary N. Chase, Mrs. Olive R. Clark, Mrs. Lidia 
Graves, Mrs. Agnes Jenks, Martha Kimball, Mrs. Jennie Niven, Miss 
Pearl Niven, Miss Millicent Morse. 

New Jersey — Mrs. Lillian Feickert, Mrs. Clara S. Laddey, Mrs. 
Mary L. Colvin, Mrs. N. S. Hill, Mrs. Anna B. Jeffery, Miss Helen 
Lippincott, Mrs. Florence Titensor, Mrs. Danny Anthony. 

New York — Harriet May Mills, Mrs. Joseph Gavit, Mrs. Martha 
Beaujean, Mrs. Ella Capwell, Mrs. Ella Crossett, Mrs. Frank H. 
Cothren, Ida A. Craft, Mrs. A. L. Fenwald, Nicholas Shaw Fraser, 
Mrs. Leigh French, Mrs. L. Gannett, Mrs. Ella O. Guilford, Mrs. 
Harry Hastings, Isabel Howland, Mrs. Marie Jenney, Mrs. Alfred 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 103 

Lewis, Mrs. Hattie Michael, Dr. Helen Brewster Owens, Mrs. Sarah 
Ostrander, Miss Laura Greisheimer, Mrs. Henry Villard, Mrs. Anna 
Etz, Mrs. Alice Clement, Mrs. Florence Leach, Frances J. Lang, Mrs. 
R. Talbot Perkins, Dr. Jenny Baker, Mrs. Rose, Miss Florence Rob- 
erts, Mrs. Irene Servose, Mrs. J. F. Stevenson, Mrs. Emma B. Sweet, 
Mrs. Mary H. Loines, Mrs. W. G. Willcox, Dr. L. A. Cuinet, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Tappey, Mrs. Leigh McGrath, Mrs. Longnecker, Miss 
Clapp, Mrs. Thomas Mclntire, Miss Florence Greer, Mrs. Lustgarten, 
Mrs. Edna B. Kearns, Mrs. Julia Hyde, Rosalie Jones, Mrs. S. J. 
Muller, Miss E. McKenzie, Emily Howland, Mary G. Hay. 

New York — Woman Suffrage Party — Miss Anna Ross Weeks, 
Mrs. Helen Hoy Greeley. 

New York — Women's Political Union — Mrs. Harriot Stanton 
Blatch, Mrs. Raymond Brown, Mrs. A. F. Townsend, Miss Lucy 
Burns, Mrs. Crowell. 

Ohio — Mrs. O. F. Davisson, Dr. Sarah Siewers, Mrs David Beggs, 
Mrs. Herbert Brooks, Mrs. W. E. Crayton, Elizabeth Hauser, Mary 
Gray Peck, Mary Rice, Mrs. George S. Stewart, Mrs. Julia Stone, 
Mrs. Mary Sherwood, Alice E. Douglass, Alice Vignos, Mrs. Graves. 

Ohio — Equal Franchise League — Flora E. Worthington, Mrs. L. 
A. McGuire, Sophie B. Sprigg, Ruth Van Pelt, M. Louise Sprigg. 

Oklahoma — Winnie Branstetter. 

Oregon — Everybody's Equal Suffrage League — Sarah Whiteside. 

Oregon — Portland Equal Suffrage League — Mrs. Thomas Haley. 

Pennsylvania — Ellen 11. E. Price, Elizabeth Price Burns, Jane 
Campbell, Dr. Ruth A. Deeter, Frances Cottrell Elliott, Mary Flinn, 
Matilda Orr Hayes, Mrs. M. C. Klingelsmith, Mrs. Wilfred Lewis, 
Mrs. William Lukens, Mrs. W. L. MacDiarmid, Mabel Jones, Mrs. 
John Miller, Mrs. E. Passmore, Mrs. Ida Porter Boyer, Mrs. Frank 
Roessing, Mrs. William Albert Woods, Mary Ingham, Mrs. John C. 
Bedford, Mrs. Lawrence Lewis, Jr., Mrs. Anna Orme, Lida Stokes 
Adams, Miss Mary Bakwell, Mrs. Anna Lowenburg, Mrs. A. W. 
Kent, Mrs. Anna Suplee, Caroline Katzenstein, Margaret Lownes. 

Rhode Island — Elizabeth Upham Yates, Mrs. Sarah Aldrich, Cora 
Mitchell, Mrs. Jeannette French, Mrs. Ardelia Gladding. 

Tennessee — Sarah Barnell Elliott. Maria T. Davies. 

Vermont — L. J. C. Daniels. 

Virginia — Lila Meade Valentine, Mrs. Walter J. Adams, Janetta 
FitzHugh, Mrs. Samuel Meek, Mrs. Dexter Otey, Rebecca Wellford, 
Eloise Johnston, Mrs. Charles Meredith, Mrs. John Wright, Mrs. Kate 
Bosher, Mrs. G. Harvey Clark, Mrs. Stephen Putney. 



104 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Wisconsin — M. Fay Coughlin, Mrs. Hannah Patchin, Mrs. G. A. 
Hipke, Mrs. Nora Jeanson. 

Wisconsin — Political Equality League— Crystal Eastman Bene- 
dict, Miss Paul. 

West Virginia — Mrs. Allie Haymond. 

Maryland — Friends Equal Rights Association — Effie Mac Afee, 
Mary Van E. Fargusson, Mary Chapman, Mary Janet Miller. 

New York — Equal Franchise Society — Mrs. Frederick Nathan. 

Pennsylvania — National College Equal Suffrage League — Miss M. 
Carey Thomas, Mary E. Garrett, Maud Lowrey, Helen Moore Fogg, 
Marion Reilly, Lucy Martin Donnely, Mrs. Elfreda H. Pope, Mrs. 
Frances Ross, Charlotte Anita Whitney, Vida Hunt Francis, Marion 
P. Smith, Miss Jane Breunell, Juliet Rublee, Inez Milholland, Mrs. 
Nellie Nearing, Dr. Lillian Welsh, Alice Jackson. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 105 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN 
SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION 



Article I. 

Name. 
The name of this Association shall be the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association. 

Article II. 

Object. 
The object of this Association shall be to secure protection, in 
their right to vote, to the women citizens of the United States, by 
appropriate National and State legislation. 

Article. III. 

Members. 
Section 1. Any State Woman Suffrage organization, or any other 
suffrage organization of not less than 300 members, may become 
auxiliary to the National American Woman Suffrage Association, and 
thus secure representation in the Annual Convention, by paying annu- 
ally into its treasury ten cents per member. Societies now auxiliary 
to our State Associations shall not be eligible to direct membership 
in the National unless they have been refused auxiliaryship in their 
States. 

Sec. 2. Any National Suffrage Association may become auxiliary 
to the National American Woman Suffrage Association upon the ap- 
proval of two-thirds of the Executive Committee and the payment 
of ten cents per member into the National Treasury. It shall then be 
entitled to representation in the National Convention upon the same 
basis as State Associations. 

Sec. 3. The payment of fifty dollars ($50) into the treasury shall 
constitute a Life Member of the Association, entitled to attend all 
its public meetings, to participate in all discussions, and to receive 
reports and other documents published by it, but not entitled to vote. 

Sec. 4. The persons entitled to vote at the Annual Convention 
shall be the General Officers, ex-presidents of this Association, Chair- 



106 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

men of Standing Committees, the presidents of auxiliary organiza- 
tions, and Executive Committee members of the State Associa- 
tions, and one delegate for every one hundred paid-up members and 
for every major fraction thereof. State organizations having less 
than one hundred members shall have but one representative in the 
Annual Convention and in the Executive Committee, such representa- 
tive to be the President of the organization. 

Sec. 5. Individuals may become co-operating members of the 
N. A. W. S. A. by the payment of $1. 

Sec. 6. National organizations may become affiliated members of 
the N. A. W. S. A. on approval of two-thirds of the National Ex- 
ecutive Committee and upon the payment of $10 annual dues — these 
affiliated organizations to be entitled to one delegate only. 

Article IV. 

Officers. 

Section 1. The officers of the Association shall be a President, 
two Vice-Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secre- 
tary, a Treasurer, and two Auditors. 

Sec. 2. Presidents of auxiliary organizations shall be ex-officio 
Vice-Presidents. 

Article V. 

Duties of Officers. 

Section 1. The General Officers, viz.: the President, two Vice- 
Presidents, Recording and Corresponding Secretaries, Treasurer, and 
two Auditors shall constitute a Board of General Officers, to super- 
vise the general interests of the work in the interim of the annual 
meetings. 

The Board of General Officers shall meet once in two months ex- 
cept during the months of July and August. Five members shall con- 
stitute a quorum, or a majority may act by correspondence. Special 
meetings may be called by the President and must be called when 
requested by three members of the Board. 

Sec. 2. The President shall perform the duties usual to such 
office. 

Sec. 3. The Vice-President shall perform all the duties of the 
President in case of the President's absence or disability. 

Sec. 4. The Recording Secretary shall keep a correct record of 
the proceedings, and perform all the other duties usual to such office. 

Sec. 5. The Corresponding Secretary shall conduct all correspon- 
dence of the organization, and shall secure from the Corresponding 
Secretary of each auxiliary association a report of its work. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 107 

Sec. 6. The Treasurer shall keep an accurate account of receipts 
and disbursements, shall send a monthly summary to the members 
of the Board and shall present a detailed report at each annual meet- 
ing. The Treasurer shall pay no bills of the general association except 
on order of the President and Recording Secretary, but may disburse 
the funds of Standing Committees when directed to do so by an 
authorized person on the committee without the signature of the 
President and Recording Secretary. The Treasurer shall provide 
the auxiliary associations with blank credentials for delegates to the 
annual meetings, and shall be ex-ofhcio chairman of the Committee 
on Credentials. The books of the Treasurer shall close four weeks 
before the Annual Convention, and the Treasurer's report shall be 
read at the second business meeting of the Annual Convention. 

Sec. 7. The Auditors shall examine and verify the books of the 
Treasurer, and shall give a report thereof at each annual meeting. 

Article VI. 

Executive Committee. 

Section 1. The Executive Committee shall consist of the General 
Officers, the President of each State organization and other auxiliary, 
and, in addition, one member from each State organization having 
one hundred or more members, together with the Chairmen of Stand- 
ing and Special Committees; of these members fifteen shall constitute 
a quorum for the transaction of business. 

Sec. 2. The Executive Committee of this Association shall hold 
one session preceding the opening of each Annual Convention and 
another at its close. 

Sec. 3. The decisions reached by the Executive Committee at 
its pre-convention session shall be presented in the form of recom- 
mendations of the business sessions of the Convention. 

Sec. 4. A majority of the Executive Committee shall act by 
correspondence upon any matter referred to it by the Board. 

Sec. 5. The Executive Committee may elect as Honorary Vice- 
Presidents distinguished adherents of the cause of Woman Suffrage 
who are removed from active work. 

Article VII. 

Election of Officers. 

Section 1. The General Officers of this Association shall be 
elected by ballot on the last day but one of the annual meeting. 
Nominations shall be made to the Association at least twenty-four 
hours before the election. 



108 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Sec. 2. The terms of the General Officers shall expire at the 
end of the last session of the Convention, and the terms of the 
newly elected officers shall commence with the session of the Execu- 
tive Committee held at the close of the Convention. 

Sec. 3. The Board of General Officers may fill any vacancy on 
that Board which may occur during the year. 

Article VIII. 

This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting, after one day's notice in the Convention, notice of 
the proposed amendment having been given to the Board of General 
Officers, which notice said officers shall publish in the Official Organ 
twice, the first time not less than three months in advance of the 
Convention. 



BY-LAWS. 

By-Law I. 

Annual Convention. 

Section 1. This Association shall hold an Annual Convention of 
regularly elected delegates for the election of officers and the trans- 
action of business. This meeting shall be held between election day 
and Thanksgiving. An annual meeting may be held in Washington, 
D. C, during the first session of Congress. 

Sec. 2. In the absence of an auxiliary president or auxiliary 
member of the Executive Committee, the delegation from that aux- 
iliary may select a proxy by ballot. 

Sec. 3. An auxiliary Association having no delegates present 
shall not give a proxy to a person from another State. 

Sec. 4. All membership dues shall be paid not later than October 
15. Any organization whose dues are not paid by that date shall lose 
its vote in the Convention for that year. 

Sec. 5. Delegates must present credentials signed by the Presi- 
dent and Recording Secretary of their respective organizations. 

Sec. 6. All pledges made at the Annual Convention shall be 
payable not later than April 1. 

By-Law II. 

The Committee on Resolutions shall consist of one person from 
each State, elected by its delegation, and also a chairman to be 
elected by the Executive Committee. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 109 

By-Law III. 

Section 1. After each Annual Convention the Board of General 
Officers shall elect the following Standing Committees: A Com- 
mittee on Program, of which the President shall be Chairman, to 
arrange the program for the next annual meeting; a Congressional 
Committee, to have in charge the direct Congressional work; Com- 
mittees on Literature, Press Work, Enrollment, Presidential Suffrage, 
Local Arrangements and Railroad Rates. 

Sec. 2. The President shall appoint, during each Annual Con- 
vention, a Committee on Resolutions, consisting of five members, 
who shall report to the Resolutions Committee at the next Annual 
Convention. 

Sec. 3. The Executive Committee shall elect from itself a 
Membership Committee, which shall pass upon the qualifications 
of organizations applying for auxiliaryship. 

Sec. 4. Special Committees may be elected by the Board of 
General Officers. 

By-Law IV. 

The official report presented by any auxiliary of the National 
Association shall be printed in the minutes as authorized by the 
President and Secretary of that auxiliary. 

By-Law V. 

The Treasurer of the Association shall give bond in such sum 
as shall cover the funds in her charge. 

By-Law VI. 

These By-Laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote at any 
annual meeting, one day's notice having been given in Convention. 

By-Law VII. 

Method of Election. 

The working details of the nomination and election shall be left 
to election officers appointed or elected by the convention. 



110 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



LIFE MEMBERS. 



Arabia. 

Susan V. V. Hamilton 

Alabama. 

Adella Hunt Logan 

California. 

Annie K. Bidwell 

Beda S. Sperry 

Emily A. Brown 

Catherine Cachot 

Annie L. Corbert 

Frank P. Deering 

Mabel Craft Deering 

Albert H. Elliott 

Mrs. Benjamin Goodridge 

Mary E. F. Gould 

Alice L. Hollingsworth 

Emma Shafter Howard 

Karl Howard 

Maud Shafter Howard 

Louisa S. Janvier 

Fidelia Jewett 

David Starr Jordan 

Viola Kaufman 

William Keith 

Mary McHenry Keith 

Mary S. Keen 

Abbie E. Krebbs 

Miss L. J. Martin 

Ellen J. McHenry 

Mrs. A. A. Moore 

Frances H. Rosebrook 

Adelaide Ballard 

J. H. Braly 

Mrs. J. H. Braby 

Florence R. Dwight 

Mrs. Rhoderic Ringrose 



Clara Schlingheyde 
Mary Simpson Sperry 
Ellen Clark Sargent 
Dr. Mary A. Sperry 
Philenda Spencer 
Helen W. K. Stambach 
Dr. Ida V. Stambach 
Mary Wood Swift 
Lucretia Watson Taylor 
Margaret E. Waters 
Amanda Way 
Carrie A. Whelan 
Emily G. Wright 
Madeline Francis Wills 

Canada. 
Laura C. Hughes 

Colorado. 

Susan Riley Ashley 
Mary C. C. Bradford 
Amy K. Cornwall 
Laughlin Gail 
Emily R. Meredith 
Ellis Meredith 
Katherine A. G. Patterson 

Connecticut. 

Isabella Beecher Hooker 
H. J. Lewis 

Delaware. 

Martha S. Cranston 

District of Columbia. 

Julia L. Langdon Barber 
Lucia E. Blount 
Charlotte Crocker 
Emma M. Gillett 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



111 



Elizabeth Hemstreet 
Mary Foote Henderson 
Margaret J. Henry 
Alice J. Jenkins 
Carrie E. Kent 
Lizzie McClary 
Hannah Cassell Mills 
Mary A. McPherson 
Martha McWhirter 
Mary C. Nason 
Robt. L. Owen (Senator) 
Rosena M. Parnell 
Sophronia C. Snow 
Mary L. Talbot 
Janet E. Richards 
Mary Church Terrell 
Ellen Powell Thompson 
Helen Rand Tindall 
Mary E. Terry 
Jessie Waite Wright 
Nettie L. White 

Georgia. 
Gertrude C. Thomas 

Florida. 
Mary V. Jewett 

Idaho. 

Eleanor B. Boyce 

Illinois. 

Jane Addams 

Emily Bradford 

Mrs. Minerva Butlin 

Margaret W. Campbell 

Climenia K. Dennett 

Ellen E. B. Fifield 

Elizabeth M. Fifield 

Maud Emily Gross 

Bertha Harwood 

Anna N. Kendall 

Catherine Waugh McCulloch 

Ida S. Noyes 

Angie Rand Schneppe 



Dr. Julia Holmes Smith 
Gertrude A. Shanklin 
Elmina E. Springer 
Mrs. Coonley Ward 

Indiana. 

Mary Isabella Bybee 
Alice Wheeler Pierce 
May Wright Sewall 

Iowa. 

Mary Emsley Adams 
Josephine A. Barnes 
George W. Bemis 
Birdie May Bemis 
Caroline V. Burghardt 
Martha C. Callahan 
Mary J. Coggeshall 
A. H. Gale 

Dr. George W. Hinkle 
Nancy Logan 
Sarah T. McCarron 
Metie Laub Romans 

Kansas. 
Mabel La Porte Digga 
Laura A. Gregg 
C. A. Hoffman 
Lucy B. Johnston 
Sarah E. Morrow 
Mrs. H. Stivers 

Kentucky. 

Sarah Clay Bennett 
Laura Clay 
Mary B. Clay 
Sarah Coonley Davies 
Mary E. Giltner 
Helen Avery Robinson 
Mary R. Trimble 
Laura R. White 

Louisiana. 

Dudley H. Coleman 
Jean M. Gordon 
Kate M. Gordon 



112 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Fannie R. Gordon 
Caroline E. Merrick 
Kate Mushet O'Brien 
Evelyn Walton Ordway 
Susannah M. Otis 
Jesica Coleman Romain 
Jess Steven 

Maine. 

Harriet U. Fuller Baker 
Helen N. Bates 
Lucy Hobart Day 
Lilla Floyd Donnell 
Mrs. Fannie J. Fernald 
Dr. Jennie Fuller 
Dr. Abby M. Fulton 
Sara Fairfield Hamilton 
Etta H. Osgood 
C. W. Spofford 
Jane H. Spofford 

Maryland. 

Clara Barton 

Mrs. Octavia Williams Bates 
Miss Mary Garrett 
Margaret J. Grove 
Caroline Hallowell Miller 
Constance Mills Overton 
Mrs. Julia R. Rogers 
Mrs. Jessie Waite Wright 

Massachusetts. 

Ellen Wright Garrison 
Carrie Anders 
Martha M. Atkins 
Alice Stone Blackwell 
Henry B. Blackwell 
Anna G. Fowler 
Nellie S. Smith Hill 
Julia Ward Howe 
Katherine Choate Ireson 
Mae Nichols 
Ellen F. Powers 
Pauline A. Shaw 
Eunice J. Simpson 



Judith W. Smith 
Myrtle Smith 
Antoine Stolle 

Michigan. 

Delos A. Blodgett 
Daisy Peck Blodgett 
Katharine Shaw Curtis 
Olivia B. Hall 
Lillian M. Hollister 
Helen P. Jenkins 
Belle M. Perry 

Minnesota. 
Mrs. A. T. Anderson 
Alice Scott Cash 
Mrs. Eugenia B. Farmer 
Clyde McClary 
Lizzie McClary 
Dr. Margaret Koch 
Julia B. Nelson 
Elizabeth A. Russell 
Maud C. Stockwell 
Sarah Vail Thompson 
Mary Powell Wheeler 

Montana. 
Mrs. P. A. Dann 

Missouri. 

Sarah E. Turner 

New York. 

Susan Look Avery 
Carrie Bahl 
Dr. L. Adele Cuinet 
Samatha Vail Lapham 
Amanda F. Lauterbach 
Mrs. Frank Leslie 
Edna B. Lewis 
Mary Hilliard Loines 
Miss Hilda Loines 
Miss Silvia Loines 
Mrs. Clarence Mackay 
Anne Fitzhigh Miller 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



113 



Elizabeth Smith Miller 

Harriet A. Mills 

Harriet May Mills 

Mignonette S. Mortimor 

Sara A. C. Murtrugh 

Elizabeth G. Otis 

Sarah Ely Parsons 

Mary Gray Peck 

A. S. Prather 

Martha Fuller Prather 

Euphemia C. Purton 

Georgia F. Raynesford 

Dr. Marcena Sherman Ricker 

Julia T. Ripley 

Mary Thayer Sanford 

James F. Sargent 

Angelina M. Sargent 

Elizabeth Cady Stanton 

Mrs. Emma B. Sweet 

Mrs. Roby S. Sisson 

Fanny T. Slocum 

Susan J. Taber, M. D. 

Mrs. Marcia Allen Townsend 

Mrs. Fanny Garrison Villard 

Mrs. Anna Ross Weeks 

Elizabeth A. Willard 

Juliet Willets Williams 

Charlotte B. Wilbour 

Sarah L. Willis 

Sarah E. Anderson 

Susan B. Anthony 

Mary S. Anthony 

Zobedia Alleman 

Mrs. John Winters Brannan 

Maude R. Babcock 

Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont 

Elnora M. Babcock 

Victoria Bradley 

Laura Sprague Brooks 

Jennie V. Baker 

Amelia Cameron 

Cornelia H. Carey 

George W. Catt 



Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt 

Marianna W. Chapman 

Mrs. Mary E. Craigie 

Mrs. Herbert S. Carpenter 

Winifred Harper Cooley 

Mrs. Ella Hawley Crossett 

Amelia Stowell Davis 

Mrs. Crystal Eastman Benedict 

Emogene L. Dewey 

Anna Dormitzer 

Max Eastman 

Sophia Fuller Ely 

Dr. Mary E. Emery 

Gertrude A. Flanders 

Mrs. Nicholas Shaw Fraser 

Blanche Culbertson French 

Rachel Shaw Fraser 

Rebecca Friedlander 

Fannie Humphreys Gaffney 

Matilda Joslyn Gage 

Mary T. L. Gannett 

Charlotte Katherine Gannett 

Jean Brooks Greenleaf 

Charlotte Perkins Gilman 

Dr. Kate Gleason 

Priscilla Dudley Hackstaff 

Sarah V. Hallock 

Mary H. Hallowell 

Mrs. Ida Husted Harper 

Mary G. Hay 

Miss Emily Howland 

Miss Isabel Howland 

Hannah L. Howland 

Dorcas Hull 

Mrs. Emma G. Ivins 

Mr. Wm. H. Ivins 

Dr. Mary Putnam Jacobi 

Rhody J. Kenyon 

Mary Elizabeth Lapham 

James Lees Laidlaw 

Harriet Burton Laidlaw 

Sarah E. Ostranda 

Caroline L. Reilly 



114 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



New Jersey. 

Rev. Antoinette Brown 

Blackwell 
Florence Howe Hall 
Joanna Hartshorn 
Laura Lloyd Heulings 
Cornelia C. Hussey 
Dr. Mary D. Hussey 
Mrs. S. R. Krom 
Anna W. Heulings Lippincott 
Susan W. Lippincott 
Calista S. Mayhew 
Alice Paul 

Minola Graham Sexton 
Dr. Sarah C. Spotteswoode 
Ellen Hoxie Squier 
Elizabeth M. Vail 

New Hampshire. 

Armenia S. White 
Susan A. Whiting Ives 
Marilla M. Ricker 

Nebraska. 

Ellen D. Ham 

Fannie C. Norris 
Miss Nettie M. Nelson 
Mrs. M. B. Philbrick 
Dr. Inez C. Philbrick 
Amanda J. Marble 
Mary G. Ward 
Anna A. Wells 
Mrs. Susan Whitesell 
Mary H. Williams 
Clara A. Young 
Anjenette Albertson 
Alice Isabel Brayton 
Ollie K. Carriker 
Annie Daily 
Rev. Louis Dewey 
Mary Smith Hayward 

Ohio. 

Anna Anthony Bacon 
Sarah A. Bissell 
John S. Casement 



Frances M. Casement 

Audrey I. Doty 

Martha H. Elwell 

Caroline McCullough Evergard 

Anne S. Hall 

Elizabeth J. Hausei 

Mary B. Hauser 

Sallie J. McCall 

Anna C. Mott 

Alice E. Peters 

Rosa L. Segur 

Louisa Southworth 

Dr. Sarah W. Siewers 

Susan M. Stuirgis 

Ezra B. Taylor 

Anna Ruth Tucker 

Harriet Taylor Upton 

Oregon. 

Jane Y. Buchman 
Viola M. Coe 
Clara Bewick Colby 
Abigail Scott Duniway 
Dorothy Edith Duniway 
Lucy A. Mallory 
Mary Therkelson 
Dr. Mary A. Thompson 

Pennsylvania. 

Lucy E. Anthony 
Rachel Foster Avery 
Emma J. Bartol 
Lucretia L. Blankenburg 
Ellen K. Brazier 
Emma J. Brazier 
Ida Porter Boyer 
Katherine J. Campbell 
Rachel Costelloe 
Kate W. Dewald 
Julia T. Foster 
Elizabeth N. Garrett 
Alberta Morehouse Goudis 
Grace G. Green 
Alice P. Hadley 
Martha M. Hovenden 
Alvin T. James 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



115 



Helen M. James 
Edith C. James 
Mary S. A. Jenkins 
Dr. Agnes Kemp 
Caroline Lippincott 
Emily L. Lippincott 
Mary W. Lippincott 
Hannah E. Longshore 
Dr. Jennie E. Medley 
Etta H. Osgood 
Charlotte L. Peirce 
Ellen H. E. Price 
Jacob Rees 
Elinor Rendell 
Caroline Hadley Robinson 
Anna Howard Shaw 
M. J. Stecker 
Virginia Shaw Smith 
Eleanor Shaw Smith 
Lincoln Shaw Smith 
M. Adeline Thompson 
M. Carey Thomas 

Oklahoma. 

Kate H. Biggers 
Rachel Rees Griffiths 
Adelia C. Stephens 

Rhode Island. 

Ardelia Cook Dewing 
Sarah J. Eddy 
Sarah S. Wilbour 

South Carolina. 
A. Violet Neblett 
Martha Schofield 



South Dakota. 

Philena Everett Johnson 
Dr. Frances Woods 

Texas. 

Annette Finnigan 

Dr. Madge P. Stephens 

Utah. 
Emily S. Richard 
Emeline Wells 

Virginia. 

Alary Johnston 
Elizabeth Johnston 
Eloise Johnston 
Virginia L. Minor 

Vermont. 
Mrs. A. D. Chandler 
Caroline Scott 

Washington. 
Annie M. Brown 
Emma Smith Devoe 
Dr. Cora Smith Eaton 
May Arkwright Hutton 
Ora Brown Richardson 
Mrs. George A. Smith 

West Virginia. 

Elizabeth I. Cummins 
Anne M. Cummins 
Virginia H. Kendall 
.Mrs. M. C. Parsons 
Albert H. Elliott 

Wisconsin. 

Rev. Olympia Brown 



116 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS. 



ALABAMA. 



Pres Mrs. Patty Jacobs, 1404 Beech St., Birmingham. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Amelia Worthington, Birmingham. 
Cor. Sec Miss Helen Benners, Birmingham. 

ARIZONA. 

Pres Mrs. Frances W. Munds, Prescott. 

Mem. Ex. Com. .. .Angela H. Hammer, Wickenburg. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Mary L. Prescott. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Pres Mrs. Mary McHenry Keith, 2207 Atherton St., 

Berkeley. 
Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 
Cor. Sec Nellie Scoville, 2223 Pacific Ave., San Francisco. 

COLORADO. 

Pres Mrs. Harriet G. R. Wright, 3346 Moncrief PL, 

Denver. 
Mem. Ex. Com Mrs. Mary C. C. Bradford, 1921 East 16th Ave., 

Denver. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. M. Octavia Floaten, 1430 Monroe St., 

Denver. 

CONNECTICUT. 

Pres Mrs. Maud M. Hincks, 152 Park PI., Bridgeport. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Grace G. Seton, 24 Ford St., Hartford. 

Cor. Sec Miss Mabel C. Washburn, 64 Evergreen Ave., 

Hartford. 

DELAWARE. 

Pres Mrs. Martha S. Cranston, Newport. 

Mem. Ex. Com. .. .Caroline M. Cooper, care of Wm. D. Bancroft, 

Wilmington. 
Cor. Sec Miss Mary R. de Vou, Wilmington. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 117 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Pres Miss Florence Etheridge, 3011 Cambridge St., 

Washington. 

Mem. Ex. Com Mrs. Helen H. Gardener, 1838 Lamont St., Wash- 
ington. 

Cor. Sec Miss M. Helen Calkins, 14th and Clifton Sts., 

Washington. 

GEORGIA. 

Pres Mrs. Mary McLendon, 139 Washington St., At- 
lanta. 

Mem. Ex. Com Miss Kate Koch, 382 Moreland Ave., Atlanta. 

Cor. Sec Miss Kate Koch, 382 Moreland Ave., Atlanta. 

ILLINOIS. 

Pres Mrs. Grace Wilbur Trout, 938 Fine Arts Bldg., 

Chicago. 
Mem. Ex. Com Dr. Anna C. Blount, 124 S. Oak Park Ave., Oak 

Park. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Bertram W. Sippy, 124 S. Oak Park Ave., 

Oak Park. 

INDIANA. 

Pres Mrs. Anna Dunn Noland, 424J4 Broadway, Logans- 
port. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Antoinette D. Leach, Sullivan. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Kathrine Hoffman, Logansport. 

INDIANA — Woman's Franchise League. 

Pres Dr. Amelia R. Keller, 816 Odd Fellow Bldg.. 

Indianapolis. 
Mem. Ex. Com Mrs. Grace Julian Clarke, 115 South Audubon 

Rd., Indianapolis. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. G. M. Henderson, 816 Odd Fellow Bldg... 

Indianapolis. 

IOWA. 

Pres Rev. Mary Safford, 3819 Ingersoll Ave., Des 

Moines. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Flora Dunlap, Roadside Settlement, Des 

Moines. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Ruby Eckerson, Des Moines. 



118 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

KANSAS 

Pres Mrs. Lucy B. Johnston, 617 Mills Bldgs., Topeka. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Helen N. Eacker, 939 Tennessee St., Law- 
rence. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Ella M. Evans, 1318 Buchannan St., Topeka. 

KENTUCKY. 

Pres Mrs. Desha Breckinridge, 726 McClelland Bldg., 

Lexington. 
Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 
Cor. Sec Miss Laura Clay, 189 New Mill St., Lexington. 

LOUISIANA. 

Pres Miss Kate M. Gordon, 1800 Prytannia St., New 

Orleans. 
Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 
Cor. Sec Miss Rhoda M. Tucker, 1310 St. Andrews St., New 

Orleans. 

MAINE. 

Pres Miss Helen Bates, 63 Read St., Woodfords. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Dr. Jennie Fuller, Portland. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Lucy Hobart Day, 655 Congress St., Port- 
land. 

MARYLAND. 

Pres Mrs. Emma Maddox Funck, 1631 Eutaw PL, Balti- 
more. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Edna Annette Beveridge, 2113 Callow Ave., 
Baltimore. 

Cor. Sec Miss Etta H. Maddox, 1631 Eutaw PI., Baltimore. 

MARYLAND — Just Government League. 

Pres Mrs. Donald R. Hooker, Cedar Lawn, Baltimore. 

Mem. Ex. Com Mrs. R. D. Foster, 817 N. Charles St., Baltimore. 

Cor. Sec Dr. Florence Sabin, Johns Hopkins Medical 

School, Baltimore. 

MARYLAND — State Equal Franchise League. 

Pres Mrs. Wm. Johns Brown, Walbrook. 

Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 

Cor. Sec Miss Clara T. Watts. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 119 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Pres Miss Alice Stone Blackwell, 3 Monadnock St., 

Dorchester. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Mary Hvttcheson Page, 585 Boylston St., 

Boston. 
Cor. Sec Miss Mary Gay, 585 Boylston St., Boston. 

MICHIGAN. 

Pres Mrs. Clara B. Arthur, 21 Grand Circus Bldg., 

Detroit. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Caroline Bartlett Crane, Kalamazoo. 
Cor. Sec Miss Alice M. Boutell, 21 Grand Circus Bldg., 

Detroit. 

MINNESOTA. 

Pres Mrs. P. L. De Voist, 10 12th Ave., East Duluth. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. George Kenyon, 445 Summit Ave., St. Paul. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Gertrude S. Hunter, 2439 Blairsdell Ave., 

Minneapolis. 

MINNESOTA — Equal Franchise League. 

Pres Mrs. Theresa B. Peyton, 581 Selby Avenue, St. 

Paul. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Julia B. Nelson, Red Wing. 
Cor. Sec Abraham I. Levin, 208 Fenton St., St. Paul. 

MISSOURI. 

Pres Mrs. W. W. Boyd, The Kingsbury, St. Louis. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Barbara Blackman O'Neill, Suffrage Head- 
quarters, Syndicate Trust Bldg., St. Louis. 
Cor. Sec Miss Helen Osborn, 716 W. 10th St., Kansas City. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

Pres Mrs. Annie K. Dent, Yazoo City. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Ruth Noble Warren, Jackson. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Alma D. Birdsall, Yazoo City. 

NEBRASKA. 

Pres Mrs. Draper Smith, Brandeis Theatre Bldg., 

Omaha. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Mary H. Williams, Kenesaw. 
Cor. Sec Miss Mary H. Williams, Kenesaw. 



120 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

NEVADA. 

Pres Miss Anne H. Martin, 1159 N. Virginia St., Reno. 

Mem. Ex. Com Mrs. Bird Wilson, Goldfield. 

Cor, Sec Mrs. C. W. Bridges, 826 N. Center St., Reno. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Pres Martha Kimball, Portsmouth. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Winston Churchill, Windsor, Vt. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Agnes Jenks, 23 Merrimac Si., Concord. 



NEW JERSEY. 

Pres Mrs. E. F. Feickert, Colonial Farm, Dunellen. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Clara S. Laddey, 52 New Lawn Ave., Ar- 
lington. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Mary L. Colvin, 56 North Maple Ave., East 

Orange. 

NEW YORK. 

Pres Miss Harriet May Mills, 180 Madison Ave. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Emily Howland, Sherwood. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Joseph Gavit, 802 Myrtle Ave., Albany. 



NEW YORK— Woman Suffrage Party. 

Pres Miss Mary Garrett Hay, 48 E. 34th St. 

Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Thomas B. Wells, 48 E. 34th St. 



NEW YORK— Woman's Political Union 

Pres Mrs. Harriot Stanton Blatch, 46 E. 29th St. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Marcia Townsend, 46 E. 29th St. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Nora Blatch de Forest, 46 E. 29th St. 



OHIO 

Pres Mrs. Harriet Taylor Upton, Warren. 

Mem. Ex. Com Mrs. Belle Coit Kelton, 51 N. Monroe St.. Co- 
lumbus. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. E. R. Vorse, 1876 E. 73d St., Cleveland. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 121 

OHIO — Equal Franchise League. 

Pres Miss Flora Worthington, 628 Lincoln Ave., Cin- 
cinnati. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss M. Louise Sprigg, 201 Durner Bldg., Cin- 
cinnati. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. John M. Dietz, 201 Durner Bldg., Cincinnati. 

OKLAHOMA. 

Pres Dr. Ruth Gay, Oklahoma City. 

Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Adelia C. Stephens, 301 Majestic Bldg., Okla- 
homa City. 

OREGON. 

Pres Mrs. Abagail Scott Duniway, 292 Clay St., Port- 
land. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Sarah A. Evans, 275 Seventh St., Portland. 



OREGON — Everybody's Equal Suffrage League. 

Pres Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy, 393 Willliam Ave., Port- 
land. 



OREGON— Portland Equal Suffrage League 

Pres Mrs. Josephine Hirsch, 171 Clair St., Portland. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Pres Mrs. Frank Roessing, 5807 Solway St., Pittsburgh. 

Mem. Ex. Com.. ..Miss Jane Campbell, School House Lane, German- 
town. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. John O. Miller, 5147 Woodmont St., Pitts- 
burgh. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Pres Miss Elizabeth Upham Yates, 209 Butler Ave., 

Providence. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Ardelia Gladding, 92 Keene St., Providence. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Clara L. G. Fittz, 631 Public St.. Provi- 
dence. 



122 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

TENNESSEE. 

Pres Miss Sarah Barnwell Elliott, Sewanee. 

Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 

Cor. Sec Mrs. Perkins Baxter, Nashville. 



TEXAS. 

Pres Miss M. Eleanor Brackenridge, San Antonio. 

Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 

Cor. Sec Miss Marian B. Fenwick, San Antonio. 



VERMONT. 

Pres Miss Julia A. Pierce, Rochester. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Miss Eliza S. Eaton, Orleans. 
Cor. Sec Miss Laura Kezer, Rochester. 



VIRGINIA. 

Pres Mrs. Lila Mead Valentine, 2338 Monument Ave., 

Richmond. 
Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. Dexter Otey, 618 Court St., Lynchburg. 
Cor. Sec Mrs. Alice M. Tyler, 312 Franklin St., Richmond. 



WISCONSIN. 

Pres Mrs. Henry Youmans, Waukesha. 

Mem. Ex. Com. . . . 

Cor. Sec Miss Ada L. James, Richland Centre. 



WASHINGTON. 

Pres Mrs. George A. Smith, cor. Smith and Alki Aves., 

Seattle. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. May Arkwright Hutton, Hutton Bldg., Spo- 
kane. 

Cor. Sec Mrs. C. W. Latham. 



WEST VIRGINIA. 

Pres Mrs. Allie Haymond, Fairmont. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Mrs. George E. Boyd, 55 14th St., Wheeling. 
Cor. Sec Miss Margaret E. McKinney, Fairmont. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 123 

NATIONAL AUXILIARY ASSOCIATIONS. 

FRIENDS EQUAL RIGHTS ASSOCIATION. 

Pres Mary Bentley Thomas, Ednor, Md. 

Mem. Ex. Com.... Anna Willitts, Roslyn, N. Y. 
Cor. Sec 

EQUAL FRANCHISE SOCIETY. 

Pres Mrs. Howard Mansfield, 535 Park Ave., New 

York. 

Co e r m S^'.. COm V.:.Miss Florence M. King, 8 E. 37th St., New York. 

NATIONAL COLLEGE LEAGUE. 

Pres ...M. Carey Thomas, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 

Mem" Ex. Com.... Miss Mary Garrett, Bryn Mawr, Pa^ 

C or Sec Miss Florence Allen, 505 5th Ave., New York. 



124 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



OFFICERS— 1912-1913. 
National American Woman Suffrage Association 

President— ANNA HOWARD SHAW, Moylan, Pa. 

1st Vice-President— JANE ADDAMS, Hull House, Chicago, Ills. 

2nd Vice-President— CHARLOTTE ANITA WHITNEY, Oakland, 
Cal. 

Corresponding Secretary— MARY WARE DENNETT, 505 Fifth Ave- 
nue, New York. 

Recording Secretary— SUSAN WALKER FITZGERALD, 7 Gree- 
nough Avenue, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts. 

Treasurer— KATHARINE DEXTER McCORMICK, 393 Common- 
wealth Avenue, Boston, Mass. 

1st Auditor— HARRIET BURTON LAIDLAW, 6 East Sixty-sixth 
Street, New York. 

2nd Auditor— LOUISE DE KOVEN BOWEN, 1430 Astor Street, 
Chicago, Ills. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 125 



HONORARY VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

California — Dora K. Crittendon, Louise Merrill Pratt, Caroline M. 
Severance, Amanda Way, Harriet A. Hobe. 

Colorado — E. M. Ashley, Hon. Alva Adams, Judge Ben Lindsey, 
Emily Meredith, J. Warner Mills, ex-Gov. John L. Routt, Hon. I. N. 
Stevens, Amy K. Cornwall, Mary L. Carr, Hon. E. M. Ammons, 
Sen. John F. Shafroth, Sen. Charles S. Thomas, Sen. Simon Guggen- 
heim, Rep. A. M. Rucker, Rep. John A. Martin, Rep. Ed. F. Taylor, 
Hon. Wilbur Cannon, Hon. W. W. Booth, Omar A. Garwood, Helen 
L. Grenfell, Gail Laughlin, Mary C. C. Bradford, Harriet G. R. 
Wright, Helen M. Wixson, Adrianna Hungerford, Antoinette A. 
Hawley. 

Connecticut — Joseph Sheldon, Prof. C. Howard Young, Mrs. 
Mrs. William R. Hopson, Dr. Adaline Thompson. 

Delaware — Chief Justice Chas. B. Lore, ex-Gov. John Hunn, Hon. 
Washington Hastings. 

District of Columbia— Carolina H. Dall, Dr. Wm. Tindall, Mrs. 
Rufus Saxton, Mrs. Stephen A. Richey, Belva A. Lockwood. 

Georgia — Miss S. A. Gresham. 

Illinois — Hon. James T. Cartwright, Julia Mills Dunn, Elizabeth 
Boynton Harbert, Mary E. Holmes, Elmina E. Springer, Susan Look 
Avery, Elizabeth J. Loomis, Harriet Fox McFadden. 

Indiana — Wm. Dudley Foulke, John L. Thomas, Sarah Edgerton, 
Alice Clark. 

Iowa— S. J. Cole, Dr. Mark A. Dashiell. 

Kansas — Jane Slocum, Anna C. Wait. 

Kentucky— Mrs. W. W. Trimble. 

Maine — Hannah J. Bailey, Mrs. George S. Hunt, Margaret T. W. 
Merrill, Henry Blanchard, D.D. 

Maryland — Susanna Moore Maddox, Hannah B. Stabler, Amanda 
Peterman. 

Massachusetts — Hon. John D. Long, Adeline Howland. 

Minnesota — Priscilla M. Miles, Dr. Martha A. Ripley, Julia B. 
Nelson, Mrs. A. T. Anderson. 

Michigan — Dean M. Jenkins, Hon. Thomas W. Palmer. 

Missouri — Mrs. Beverly Allen, Rebecca N. Hazzard, Mrs. John 
Orrick, Mrs. Louisa G. Werth, Mrs. F. J. Edwards. 



126 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Montana — Mrs. P. A. Dann. 

New Hampshire — 'Henry W. Blair, Armenia S. White. 

Nebraska — Mary Rogers Kimball, Caroline M. Nye, Vanessa M. 
Goff, Mrs. Malah Brackett Philbrick, Ellen D. Harn, Ada M. Bitten- 
bender. 

Nevada — Mrs. John Williamson, Mrs. Elda Orr, Mrs. William 
Webster, Mrs. D. B. Boyd. 

New Jersey — Rev. Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Phebe C. Wright. 

New York — Anna C. Field, Jean B. Greenleaf, Mary H. Hallo- 
well, Emily H'owland, Lewia C. Smith, Matilda F. Wendt, Sylvina 
Green, Martha J. H. Stebbins, Sarah L. Willis. 

North Carolina — Mrs. E. J. Aston. 

Oregon — Abigail Scott Duniway, Mrs. H. J. Hendershot, Mrs. 
H. A. Laughary, Dr. Mary Thompson, Col. C. A. Reed, A. C. San- 
ford. 

Ohio — Frances M. Casement, Harriet B. Stanton. 

Pennsylvania — Charlotte L. Pierce, Dr. Jane V. Myers, Dr. Har- 
riet J. Sartain, Rudolph Blankenburg, Elizabeth B. Passmore, Pres. 
Joseph Swain. 

South Carolina — Marion Morgan • Buckner, Gen. Robert H. 
Hemphill, S. Oddie Sirrine. 

Tennessee — Lide P. Merriweather, Elizabeth Lyle Saxon. 

Utah — Jane S. Richards, Emmeline B. Wells, Bathsheba W. 
Smith. 

Vermont — Mrs. A. D. Chandler, Hon. Jas Hutchinson. 

Virginia — Ellen H. Smith. 

Washington — Hon. Roger S. Greene, Elizabeth Palmer Spinning. 

West Virginia — Anna C. Boyd, Mrs. M. J. Grove, Hon. A. J. 
Mitchell, Jennie Wilson, Mrs. M. L. Ott. 

Wisconsin — Harriet P. Dingee. 

Wyoming — Hon. Wm. Bright, Hon. John W. Hoyt. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 127 



STANDING COMMITTEES 

Program — Anna Howard Shaw, Moylan, Pa.; Sarah Barnwell 
Elliott, Sewanee, Tenn.; Marie Jenney Howe, 31 West Twelfth Street, 
New York City; Helen Gardner, 1838 Lamont Street, Washington, 
D. C. ; Mary Ware Dennett, 505 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

Press — Elinor Byrns, 505 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

Literature — Mary Ware Dennett, 505 Fifth Avenue, New York 
City; Frances Maule Bjorkman, 505 Fifth Avenue, New York City; 
Gertrude Foster Brown, 294 West Ninety-second Street, New York 
City; Alice Stone Blackwell, 585 Boylston Street, Boston, Mass.; 
Henrietta Livermore, Park Avenue, Yonkers, N. Y.; Lavinia Dock, 
Henry Street Settlement, New York City; Miss Sara McPike, 30 
Church Street, New York City. 

Presidential Suffrage — Elizabeth U. Yates, 209 Butler Avenue, 
Providence, R. I. 

Local Arrangements — Dora Lewis, 1820 Pine Street, Philadelphia, 
Pa. 



SPECIAL COMMITTEES. 

Congressional — Alice Paul, 1420 F Street, Washington, D. C. ; 
Lucy Burns, 1420 F Street, Washington, D. C; Crystal Eastman 
Benedict, Milwaukee, Wis.; Mary Beard, Columbia University, New 
York City; Dora Lewis, 1820 Pine Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Membership — Laura Clay, Richmond, Ky. ; Mrs. Huntley Rus- 
sell, Grand Rapids, Mich.: Caroline Katzenstein, Hale Bldg., Phila- 
delphia, Pa.; Susan FitzGerald, 7 Greenough Avenue, Jamaica Plains, 
Mass.; Maud Ilincks, l'.ridgeport, Conn. 

Ways and Means — M. Carey Thomas, Bryn Mavvr, I'a.; Mrs. 
Medill McCormick, 500 Diversey Park, Chicago, 111.; Josephine 
llirsch, Portland, Ore.; Mabel Craft Deering, 2709 Larkin Street, 
San Francisco, Cal.; Dora Lewis, 1820 Pine Street, Philadelphia, Pa.; 
Juliet Barrett Rublee, 901 Lexington Avenue, New York City; Ger- 
trude Foster Brown, 294 West Ninety-second Street, New York City; 
Mrs. Cornelius Stevenson, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Church Work — Mary E. Craigie, 295 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo. 
N. Y. 



128 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Previous conventions have been held at the following places: 

Washington, D. C, March 4 to 7, 1884. 
Washington, D. C, January 16 to 19, 1893. 
Washington, D. C, February 15 to 20, 1894. 
Atlanta, Ga., January 31 to February 5, 1895. 
Washington, D. C, January 23 to 28, 1896. 
Des Moines, la., January 26 to 29, 1897. 
Washington, D. C, February 13 to 19, 1898. 
Grand Rapids, Mich., April 27 to May 3, 1899. 
Washington, D. C, February 8 to 14, 1900. 
Minneapolis, Minn., June 1 to 5, 1901. 
Washington, D. C., February 14 to 18, 1902. 
New Orleans, La., March 15 to 25, 1903. 
Washington, D. C, February 11 to 17, 1904. 
Portland, Ore., June 28 to July 5, 1905. 
Baltimore, Md., February 7 to 13, 1906. 
Chicago, 111., February 14 to 19, 1907. 
Buffalo, N. Y., October 15 to 21, 1908. 
Seattle, Wash., July 1 to 6, 1909. 
Washington, D. C, April 14 to 19, 1910. 
Louisville, Ky., October 19 to 25, 1911. 



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PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



FORTY- FIFTH ANNUAL 
CONVENTION 



OF THE 



NATIONAL- AMERICAN 

WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

ASSOCIATION 




HELD AT WASHINGTON, D. C. 
NOVEMBER 29 to DECEMBER 5 

(INCLUSIVE) 

1913 



FORTY-F I FTH 
ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



NATIONAL-AMERICAN WOMAN 
SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION 

GIVEN AT THE CONVENTION 

HELD AT 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 
NOVEMBER 29 to DEC. 5 

(INCLUSIVE) 

19 13 



^ 





PUBLISHED AT HEADQUARTERS 
505 FIFTH AVENUE, NEW YORK 



I N D e: X 






PAGB 

Affiliated Associations, List of 143 

Auditors, Report of 29 

Auxiliary Associations , 148 

Auxiliary Associations, Reports of 80 

Budget 79 

Call 3 

Campaign States, Reports of 80 

Church Work Committee, Report of 51 

Committees, Standing and Special 157 

Congressional Work, Financial Statement 63 

Congressional Work, Report of 58 

Constitution and By-Laws 118 

Corresponding Secretary, Report of 12 

Credentials Committee, Report of 10 

Delegates present at Convention 132 

Election, Results of 72 

Elections Committee, Report of 72 

Facts for Delegates 77 

Field Secretary, Report of 45 

Financial Report 30 

Government Documents, Report of Committee on Securing 73 

Honorary Vice-Presidents, List of 149 

Legal Adviser, Report of ... 44 

Life Members, List of l 126 

Literature Committee, Report of 33 

Literature Department, Financial Statement of 78 

Membership Committee, Report of 48 

Minutes of Convention 103 

Officers, List of 149 

Pledge List 139 

Presidential Suffrage Committee, Report of 48 

Press Bureau, Report of 21 

Previous Conventions, List of 152 

Program 5 

Resolutions Committee, Report of 70 

Treasurer, Report of 30 

Ways and Means Committee, Financial Report 79 

Ways and Means Committee, Report of 33 



Gift 

RPEB 
NOV 1 1924 



CALL TO THE FORTY-FIFTH CONVENTION OF THE 

NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE 

ASSOCIATION 

For the forty-fifth time in its history the National Ameri- 
can Woman Suffrage Association summons its members to- 
gether in council. By thus assembling, one more united step 
toward the final emancipation of the women of this country 
is made practicable. It is part of the destiny of those who are 
laboring actively in the cause of any reform, that they cannot 
fully discern the extent of the changes they are accomplish- 
ing. It is only after their task is finished, when the new ideal 
is established, and the widely distributed effects thereof made 
evident, that it is possible to realize how world-changing was 
the initial work. Let us appreciate this fact to-day not only 
that we may get inspiration, but that seeing clearly whither 
we go we may take our last steps swiftly, surely, and unitedly. 

To the wise and courageous, to those not fearful of the 
changes demanded by the vital needs of growing humanity, 
this Call is sent, for to such only can it appeal. For them it 
will have two meanings : first, it will speak of loyalty to work 
and to comrade workers ; of large undertakings worthily be- 
gun and to be worthily finished; of the stimulus of difficulty; 
of joy in the exercise of talents and strength; of the self- 
control and ability required for co-operation. 

Second, and to some carrying a deeper meaning, this Call 
will express — like other summons of women to women through- 
out the ages — the need not alone for counsel and comfort, but 
for the preservation of all they hold most high — for that to 
which they gladly give their lives. Also it will speak of the 
struggle for development which individual women have made ; 
of the opportunities they have won for each other; of the un- 
equivocal demand for the best, to which the few have led the 
many. It will tell of the stifled but ever-present desire for the 



4 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

great impersonal fields of human activity — fields in which 
the individual can achieve largely as well as feel deeply — 
and where the hurt of generations of intensive living will be 
assuaged as life forces are turned into the wide purposeful 
channels of helpful endeavor. 

To you who grasp the underlying meaning of this struggle, 
to you who know yourselves akin to those who have preceded 
and to those who will follow, to you who are daily making 
this ideal a reality, this Call is sent. 

Anna Howard Shaw, 
Jane Addams. 
Charlotte Anita Whitney, 
Mary Ware Dennett, 
Susan Walker Fitzgerald, 
Katherine Dexter McCormiek. 
Harriet Burton Laidlaw, 
Louise Dekoven Bowen, 

General Officers of the N. A. W. S. A. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



PROGRAM 

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29 

Credentials Committee on duty all day. Hotel Bellevue. 
Official Board Meeting — all day. 

Evening, 8 o'clock 

Executive Committee Meeting — Parlors of Hotel Bellevue. 



SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 30 

Afternoon, 3 O'clock 

Mass Meeting, Columbia Theatre (12th and F Sts.) 
President presiding. 

Address Jane Addams 

Addresses — "The Woman Worker and the Ballot" Mary Anderson 

(Organizer for the National Women's Trade Union League.) 
Margaret Hinchey (laundry- worker). Rose Winslow (weaver). 

Address — "Women as Legislators" Sen. Helen Ring Robinson 

of Colorado 

Evening, 8.30 O'clock 

The officers of the National Association will be "at home" to delegates 
and visitors to the Convention, at Hotel Bellevue. 



MONDAY, DECEMBER 1 

Morning, 10 O'clock 

Executive Committee Meeting — Masonic Temple. 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Convention called to order by the President. 

Welcome from the District of Columbia Suffrage Association, 

Mrs. Nina Allendar 

Welcome from the Congressional Union Miss Alice Paul 

Response on behalf of the N. A. W. S. A Mrs. Patty Ruffner Jacobs 

of Alabama 
Appointment of Committees — Resolutions, Election, Courtesies. 
Reports of Officers and Departments : 

Membership Committee Susan W. Fitzgerald 

Credentials Committee (preliminary report). 

Katharine Dexter McCormick 

Railroad Rates Committee Marie V. Smith 

Auditors Harriet Burton Laidlaw 



6 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Treasurer Katharine Dexter McCormick 

Corresponding Secretary Mary Ware Dennett 

Press Bureau Elinor Byrnes 

Literature Frances Maule Bjorkman 

Evening, 8 O'clock 

President Presiding 
1913 Victories: 

Illinois — Catharine Waugh McCulloch 

Ella Seass Stewart 

Grace Wilbur Trout 

Antoinette Funk 

Ruth McCormick 

Elizabeth K. Booth 
Alaska — 

Address — "The National Amendment" Lucy Burns 

President's Annual Address Dr. Anna Howard Shaw 



TUESDAY, DECEMBER 2 

Morning, 10 O'clock 

Reports: 

Credentials Committee Katharine Dexter McCormick 

Committee on Presidential Suffrage Elizabeth U. Yates 

Legal Advisor Mary Rutter Towle 

Ways and Means Committee M. Carey Thomas 

Congressional Committee Alice Paul 

Church Work Committee Mary E. Craigie 

Constitutional Revision Committee Carrie Chapman Catt 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Adoption of Proposed Constitution. 
Report of Committee on Election 
Nomination of Officers 
Conference on Methods — 

Discussion led by Henrietta Livermore. 

Evening, 8 O'clock 

Mrs. Joseph T. Bowen, Presiding 
"Women and Children and the Courts" 
Addresses : 

"The Juvenile Court" Judge Julian Mack 

"The Court of Domestic Relations and the Court of Morals," 

Chief Justice Harry Olsen 
"The Women's Night Court and the Work of a Probation Officer," 

Miss Maude Miner 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 7 

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 3 

Morning, 10 O'clock 

Hearing before the Rules Committee of the House of Representatives, 
to secure the appointment of a Woman Suffrage Committee for the House. 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Alabama Pattie Ruffner Jacobs 

California Mary McHenry Keith 

Colorado Harriet G. R. Wright 

Congressional Union Alice Paul 

Connecticut Katherine Houghton Hepburn 

Delaware Martha Cranston 

District of Columbia Nina Allendar 

Florida. Mary Safford 

Georgia Mary L. McLendon 

Conference on Methods — Discussion led by Helen Eacker 

Adoption of the Budget and Plan of Work 

Evening, 8 O'clock 

Programme Under the Auspices of the National Men's League for 

Woman Suffrage 
Mr. James Lees Laidlaw, Presiding 
Addresses : 

Senator Charles S. Thomas of Colorado 
Senator Joseph L. Bristow of Kansas 
Senator Robert L Owen of Oklahoma 
Representative J. W. Bryan of Washington 
Representative Frank W. Mondell of Wyoming 
Representative Victor Murdock of Kansas 
Representative William Kent of California 

and Other Members of Congress 
George Creel 



THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4 

Morning, 10 O'clock 

Election of Officers 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents : 

Hawaii Wilhelmixa Dowsett 

Illinois Grace Wilbur Trout 

Indiana Grace Dunn Xolaxd 



8 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Indiana W. F. L Amelia R. Keller 

Iowa Flora Dunlap 

Kansas Genevieve Chalkley 

Kentucky M. McD. Breckenridge 

Louisiana Kate M. Gordon 

Louisiana W. S. P Mrs. Albert J. Kittridge 

Maine Helen Bates 

Maryland W. S. A Emma Maddox Funck 

Maryland J. G. L Edith Houghton Hooker 

Maryland E. F. L Mrs. William J. Brown 

Massachusetts W. S. A Alice Stone Blackwell 

Massachusetts P. E. U Susan W. FitzGerald 

Michigan Nellie Sawyer Clark 

Minnesota W. S. A Mrs. A. H. Bright 

Minnesota E. F. L Theresa B. Peyton 

Unfinished Business 

Afternoon, 2.30 O'clock 

Unfinished Business. 

Reports from Auxiliary Presidents: 

Missouri Mrs. Walter McNab Miller 

Mississippi Annie K. Dent 

Montana. , Jeanette Rankin 

Nebraska Mrs. Draper Smith 

Nevada Anne H. Martin 

New Hampshire ..Martha Kimball 

New Jersey W. S. A Lillian F. Feickert 

New Jersey W. P. U Mina Van Winkle 

New York W. S. A. Gertrude Foster Brown 

New York W. S. P Mary Garrett Hay 

New York W. P. U Harriot Stanton Blatch 

North Dakota Clara L. Darrow 

Ohio W. S. A Harriet Taylor Upton 

Ohio E. F. L Flora Worthington 

Oklahoma Ruth Gay 

Oregon E. S. L Esther Pohl Lovejoy 

Pennsylvania Jennie Bradley Roessing 

Rhode Island Elizabeth U. Yates 

Evening, 8 O'clock 

President Presiding 

Address— "A Prophecy Fulfilled" Miss Harriet May Mills 

Address — "Hartford Women and Commercialized Vice," 

Katharine Houghton Hepburn 
Address— "Pot Boilers" Carrie Chapman Catt 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION" 9 

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 5 

Morning, 10 O'clock 

Reports of Auxiliary Presidents : 

Tennessee Sarah Barnwell Elliott 

Texas Eleanor Brackenridge 

Vermont Frances Rastall Wyman 

Virginia Lila Mead Valentine 

Wisconsin Theodora Youmans 

Washington Mrs. George A. Smith 

West Virginia Allie Haymond 

Friends' Equal Rights Association ..Ellen H. E. Price 

Equal Franchise Society Helen C. Mansfield 

National College Suffrage League M. Carey Thomas 

Unfinished Business 

Afternoon, 2 O'clock 

Executive Committee Meeting 

4 to 7 O'clock 

Reception at the home of Mrs. Robert La Follette, 3320 Sixteenth St. 

A cordial invitation is extended to all the delegates and registered 
visitors to the Convention by Mrs. La Follette and ladies of the Cabinet 
and Congressional Circles. 



10 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

State Dues Entitled Present 

to 

Alabama $70.00 9 8 

California 30.00 5 5 

Colorado 5.00 1 

Connecticut 500.00 52 50 

Delaware 17.00 4 4 

District of Columbia 40.10 6 6 

Florida 5.50 1 

Georgia 10.00 3 2 

Indiana — Equal Suffrage Association 12.50 3 1 

Indiana — Women's Franchise League 118.80 14 3 

Illinois 375.00 ' 39 29 

Iowa 134.00 15 8 

Kansas 30.00 5 1 

Kentucky 106.00 13 13 

Louisiana 50.00 7 2 

Louisiana — Woman Suffrage Party. . 31.40 5 2 

Maine 20.00 4 4 

Maryland — Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion 43.00 6 3 

Maryland — Just Government League 160.00 18 18 

Maryland — Equal Franchise League 56.00 8 8 

Michigan 45.00 6 6 

Massachusetts — Woman Suffrage 

Association 265.00 28 18 

Massachusetts — Political Equality 

Union 107.90 13 13 

Minnesota — Woman Suffrage Asso- 
ciation 143.70 16 6 

Minnesota — Equal Franchise League 30.00 5 2 

Missouri 129.90 15 2 

Mississippi 24.20 4 1 

Montana 40.00 6 4 

Nebrasaka 100.00 12 7 

Nevada 60.00 8 1 

Xew Hampshire 62.10 8 7 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 11 

State Dues Entitled Pretest 

New Jersey — Woman Suffrage Asso- t0 

ciation 229.80 25 25 

New Jersey — Women's Political 

Union 30.00 5 2 

New York — Woman Suffrage Asso- 
ciation 483.90 50 50 

New York— Woman Suffrage Party. . 50.00 6 6 
New York — Women's Political 

Union 30.00 5 4 

North Dakota 25.00 4 

North Carolina 20.00 4 2 

Ohio — Woman Suffrage Association 94.70 11 5 

Ohio — Equal Franchise League 32.50 5 5 

Oklahoma 10.00 3 

Oregon — Equal Suffrage League.... 28.00 5 

Pennsylvania 302.50 32 32 

Rhode Island 26.30 5 5 

Tennessee 40.10 6 5 

Texas 133.50 15 6 

Vermont 6.00 1 

Virginia 167.00 19 19 

Wisconsin 50.00 7 7 

Washington 10.00 3 

West Virginia 14.50 3 3 

Friends' Equal Rights 12.10 3 2 

Equal Franchise Society, N. Y 10.00 1 1 

National College League 375.75 40 38 

Congressional Union 43.60 5 5 

Hawaii Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion 5.00 1 

Number of Officers 8 

Members of Standing Committee . . 3 

International President — Mrs. Catt. . 1 

$5,052.35 603 468 

SUMMARY 

Total number of votes convention entitled to 603 

Number present 468 



12 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



REPORT OF CORRESPONDING SECRETARY. 

There are three suffrage decisions on record for the year 
just passed, — victory in Alaska and in Illinois, toy act of the 
Legislature, and temporary defeat in Michigan by vote of the 
electorate. 

There are four actual campaign States where the amend- 
ment will be submitted to the voters next autumn, Nevada 
(where the bill has passed two legislatures) Montana, North 
and South Dakota, and there are three other States where 
initiative petitions are now in circulation, and if the requisite 
number of signers is secured the amendment will also be 
submitted next autumn, Ohio, Nebraska and Missouri. 

Then there are three half-way campaign States where the 
amendment has passed one Legislature and must pass again, 
in which case the decision will be made by the voters in 1915. 
These States are New York, Pennsylvania and Iowa, in the 
first two of which the amendment has the very promising 
advantage of having been endorsed by all political parties. 
New Jersey should rightfully be listed with the half-way cam- 
paign States, even if, legally speaking, it cannot again become 
such until the Legislature passes the bill next January, which 
although passed by handsome majority last year was lost by 
failure on the part of the authorities to carry out the tech- 
nical requirement in regard to spreading on the legislative 
minutes and advertising for three months in the newspapers. 
In New Jersey also the amendment has the endorsement of 
all the political parties, and this legal hiatus in the campaign 
is increasing rather than diminishing suffrage activity. 

The details of the work in the victorious and campaign 
States will be given in the reports of those States, but since 
there is no suffrage association in Alaska, a brief history of 
that victory may be recorded here. 

Being a territory, the question was settled by the Legisla- 
ture and not referred to the voters. The bill was the first 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 13 

one acted upon when the Legislature convened last January, 
and was introduced by Rep. Arthur Shoup, whose speech in 
its behalf was characteristic of the modern progressive spirit 
of fair play, which characterizes so many of the Western men. 

Previous to the introduction of the bill Representative 
Shoup had corresponded with headquarters and had sent us 
a copy of the proposed bill for approval. We sent a supply of 
literature for the legislators and wrote to some Seattle women, 
former residents of Alaska, asking them to write letters 
to the members of the Legislature. We also sent to each 
legislator the following: ''Five good reasons why the Alaska 
Legislature should vote for Woman Suffrage. 

Because Woman Suffrage offers the best kind of advertis- 
ing for a new territory. Washington and California business 
men agree that nothing ever attracted such wide-spread at- 
tention to their States as the suffrage campaigns. 

Because Alaska must offer some inducement if it is to 
attract not only women but married men with families, the 
most solid kind of citizens, to settle there. In order to secure 
men for the building of the Panama Canal, the United States 
Government had to send a woman there to organize clubs, etc., 
that the life there should be made more attractive to the 
wives of the employees. 

Because the experience of all frontier States has 'been that 
whenever women have the vote, it is easier to secure public 
support for measures looking toward the establishment of 
a settled, stable and orderly state of society, with schools, 
churches, public utilities and all that characterizes a civilized 
up-to-date community. 

Because frontier communities above all others need the 
help that women can give, to overcome the conditions inherent 
in frontier life. Wyoming men, realizing this refused to ac- 
cept statehood unless women were granted the full right of 
citizenship. 

Because Woman Suffrage is in accord with the progressive 
spirit of the times. Nine Western States have already adopted 
it, and the men of one of the Central States, Michigan — voted 
to do so, but were balked by a fraudulent count of the bal- 
lots. Almost every civilized country in the world has either 



14 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

given some measure of suffrage to women or is entertaining 
some sort of suffrage measure." 

The bill was carried unanimously the first week in March. 
One member had started in (by offering some opposition, but 
he was presently so lonely among his fellow legislators, that 
he changed his mind, and the measure became a part of the 
law ninety days afterward. The Governor sent us a photo- 
graph of himself signing the bill. 

The bulk of suffrage legislation this past year is quite un- 
precedented. Bills were introduced in twenty-five legisla- 
tures, and in the U. S. Congress. Bills were passed by ten 
legislatures, and received record-breaking votes in seven of 
the others. And for the first time in history there has been 
a unanimous favorable report from the Woman Suffrage Com- 
mittee of the United States Senate. The leaflet, "Of Interest 
to Legislators/ was sent to every State which had a legis- 
lative session this year, — enough copies for each legislator. 
This leaflet gives no arguments whatever in favor of suf- 
frage, but simply statements and statistics to show the size 
and importance of the movement and why the question should 
be referred to the voters. 

Roughly estimated, the dues-paying .membership of the 
National Association has increased about 12 per cent during 
the year, in spite of the fact that there has been a most notice- 
able falling off in membership in the recently enfranchised 
States. The total dues-paying membership of the State 
branches is considerably larger than the total dues-paying 
membership reported by the Credentials Committee, since all 
of the State branches do not pay dues to the National on their 
full dues-paying membership. Of the branch associations re- 
ported by the Membership Committee, several have existed 
previously — but have now become directly affiliated with the 
National. Others have joined as newly organized associa- 
tions. These include the Massachusetts Political Equality 
Union, the Congressional Union, and the associations in Mon- 
tana, North Dakota, Florida and Hawaii. 

One of the Campaign States is having an exceedingly un- 
comfortable situation to meet, namely, the organization of a 
so-called suffrage association, which shows every indication 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION" 15 

of being the work of our bitterest opponents. Xo actual proof 
has been secured, as yet, but a thorough investigation is now- 
being carried on. The results will doubtless be illuminating 
to all concerned. 

There are now only two States in the Union beside the 
suffrage States, without a definite suffrage organization, — 
South Carolina and New Mexico, and even these have not 
been without suffrage activity. South Carolina is one of the 
States in which students in the public schools have widely 
debated the subject of suffrage, and the invariable result 
of that is that public opinion in favor is increased and 
solidified. 

Texas and North Carolina have also had State-wide de- 
bates. National Headquarters has shipped large quantities 
of the literature used by the students in all these States. No 
application for debate literature is ever disregarded — some- 
thing is always sent in response. When no money is sent with 
the application, a slip is included with the literature reminding 
the recipient that it costs us money to provide the literature 
and asking that the requisite amount be remitted. About one- 
fifth respond. 

The National Executive Committee has 'been consulted 
once during the year, namely, in regard to moving the date 
of the Convention four days beyond the limit prescribed by 
by-law of the Constitution. The vote was within two of being- 
unanimous. 

The presidents of all the branches have been consulted in 
reference to supplying data for the committee appointed to 
revise the Constitution, in regard to the financial condition of 
the National, and have been asked to request the secretaries 
of all their local organizations to send into headquarters the 
names and addresses of their dues-paying members. The Na- 
tional president has also at intervals sent general letters to 
the State presidents putting them in touch with the National 
work. 

The full number of delegates and alternates went from 
the National Association to the Congress of the International 
Alliance in Budapest, last June. Twelve delegates are al- 
lowed, and there were many more applicants, than that. 



16 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

The delegates were as follows: Dr. Shaw, Miss Jane Ad- 
dams, Mrs. Stanley McCormick, Mrs. Henry Villard, Mrs. 
Maud Nathan, Miss Caroline Ruutz-Rees, Mrs. O. H. P. Bel- 
mont, Mrs. Crystal Eastman Benedict, Mrs. Todd Helmuth, 
Miss Anna Maxwell Jones, Mrs. Minnie Rutherford, and Mrs. 
Emma B. Sweet. 

Delegates were also sent to the recent annual meeting 
of the National Council of Women. 

During the year the president has spoken at many large 
meetings in New Hampshire, Nebraska, New York State, Penn- 
sylvania, Virginia, Florida, Missouri, Kansas, New Jersey, 
Maryland, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Michigan. The 
Michigan meetings were in the campaign preceding the elec- 
tion of April 7th. A number of the meetings were in con- 
nection with State Suffrage Conventions. She also spoke in 
England, Holland, Germany, Austria and Hungary. 

Mrs. Frances Maule Bjorkman and Miss Marie Virginia 
Smith of the office staff and the corresponding secretary have 
filled such nearby speaking engagements as were possible at 
intervals. 

There has been one large mass-meeting under the auspices 
of the Association held at Carnegie Hall, New York. The 
subject of the meeting was "Woman Suffrage on the Home 
Stretch." It was illustrated by colored slides, showing the 
Evolution of the Suffrage Map in the United States. The 
program contained charts showing the possibilities for victory 
in the next few years, and the method of amending the various 
State constitutions. The International President and all but 
one of the officers were present and spoke. Every ticket was 
sold and a goodly sum of money was raised. 

Headquarters co-operated with the New York local So- 
cieties for the big Suffrage benefit at the New York Metro- 
politan Opera House, the night before the May parade, where 
the beautiful pageant was performed and Theodore Roosevelt 
spoke — then also there was a capacity audience and many 
people were turned away. The proceeds were divided among 
the six co-operating New York Societies and the National 
Association. 

Headquarters has taken part so far as possible, in all the 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 17 

big parades, that of March 3rd, in Washington, those of May 
and November in New York and Brooklyn, that of October, 
in Newark, New Jersey. 

The Association was represented at the annual meeting 
of the House of Governors in Richmond, Virginia, last De- 
cember, by Mrs. Lila Mead Valentine and Miss Mary Johnston. 
Miss Johnston's admirable speech was subsequently published 
in pamphlet form by the literature department. 

Perhaps no more representative instance of the modern 
attitude of progressive officials toward Suffrage could be given 
than the reply of Governor Eberhardt of Minnesota to a letter 
sent him from Headquarters in appreciation of his services at 
the Governor's meeting. He said, "Whatever service I may 
have performed is truly merited on your part as well as the 
great movement which you represent." 

For about half the year a sub-station for literature and 
supplies was maintained in Chicago at the Headquarters of 
the Illinois Association. It was given up in April, simul- 
taneously with the suspension of all publishing, because of 
lack of funds. The Association offered to supply any public 
library with a copy of the four volume "History of Woman 
Suffrage" for express charges only, and the demand has been 
so great that there are only a few whole sets of the Historyj 
remaining, which must be carefully apportioned among the 
larger libraries and there is a long waiting list of libraries still 
on rile. 

The Association has co-operated as fully as was possible 
with the Congressional Committee in all its amazing and 
most creditable year's work. This Committee is unique in 
that its original members volunteered to give their services 
and to raise all the funds for the work themselves. Their 
single-mindedness and devotion has been remarkable and 
the whole movement in the country has been wonderfully 
furthered by the series of important events which have taken 
place in Washington, beginning with the great parade the 
day before the inauguration of the President. The National 
officers have several of them made special trips to Washing- 
ton to assist at these various events — the March parade, the 
Senate Hearing, the April 7th Deputation to Congress, the 



18 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

July 31st Senate Demonstration and the Conference of Women 
Voters in August. 

An Automobile trip was made from Headquarters the 
last week in July with outdoor meetings held all the way to 
Washington to join the other pilgrims who came from all 
over the country. Mrs. Rheta Child Dorr, Miss Helen Todd, 
Mrs. Frances Maule Bjorkman and the Corresponding Secre- 
tary were the speakers for the trip. 

Lists of useful names have been provided for the Con- 
gressional Committee and many recommendations made for 
securing able assistance in each State. The services of Miss 
Jeannette Rankin, the field secretary, were contributed to the 
Congressional Committee for six weeks and the services of 
the literature secretary for nearly two weeks. 

Petitions to Congress were circulated, special letters on 
behalf of the Association were sent to the members of the 
Senate Committee before the report was made and to the 
Rules Committee urging the appointment of a Woman Suf- 
frage Committee for the House. 

The field secretary will present the report of her own 
work, but it may be well to state here that the experiment 
of appointing a National Field Secretary has been amply justi- 
fied by the results, judging from the letters which have come 
in to Headquarters from the States she has visited. Her 
itinerary has been planned to meet several special State exi- 
gencies, and to help the Northwestern States work out their 
plans of campaign. 

Considering the fact that the head of each department 
at Headquarters has more work than she can adequately 
handle, there has been a very fair amount of research work 
accomplished. The Executive Secretary of the literature de- 
partment, Mrs. Bjorkman, has secured and classified an in- 
valuable amount of data, and the revised edition of "Where 
Women Vote" is an excellent single instance of the result. 

Miss Byrns, assisted by another lawyer, Miss Helen Ran- 
lett, has made a chart of the legislation in the Suffrage States 
since the women have been enfranchised. It is the first com- 
prehensive, representative, unbiassed report made on this sub- 
ject, and it has already been given exceptional newspaper 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 19 

notice, and one of the legal magazines has, in view of that, 
asked for articles on similar subjects. 

A collection of all the State Constitutions has been made 
with all the sections bearing on amendments and the qualifica- 
tions for voting marked and indexed. 

Many special requests from foreign countries for data 
have been received and complied with so far as possible. The 
United Suffrage Societies of Great Britain have sent an 
elaborate questionaire on the care of children and the eco- 
nomic condition of women in the Suffrage States. These 
questions have been forwarded to responsible people in each 
State for answers. In addition to data directly supplied to 
England from Headquarters, Monsieur Buisson of the French 
Chamber of Deputies asked for detailed information on 
women's voting and office holding. Requests have even come 
from unexpected quarters of the globe, like Chile. 

The President has given letters of introduction for an 
American woman, who has gone to Germany to investigate 
the movement to protect motherhood, in preparation for some 
magazine articles, and data has been furnished a German 
author writing a book on "Woman and the Community." 

Articles are regularly sent to International paper, "Jus 
Suffragii," from the Press Bureau, and effort is being made 
to secure adequate answers to the questionaires on the con- 
dition of women which come monthly from the editor of the 
International paper. 

Our relations with foreign countries are largely responses 
to requests made of us, but in one instance, at least, we took 
the initiative ; that was when the infamous "Cat and Mouse" 
bill was first put into execution in England. The following 
telegram was sent to Premier Asquith : "We urge that the 
British Government frankly acknowledge its responsibility for 
the present intolerable situation and remove it by introducing 
immediately an emergency franchise measure. 

(Signed) National American Woman Suffrage Association. 

April 4, 1913." 

This message was sent as an indication of the spirit which 
animates all suffragists alike, no matter what their opinions 



20 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

may be on the merits or the ethics of the militant movement 
in England, and was quite in harmony with the demands 
made upon the British Government by the large body of Con- 
stitutional suffragists. 

The president has recently taken by request the editor- 
ship of a suffrage department in the Trend Magazine, two 
numbers of which have already been published. 

Suffrage in graphic and dramatic form is more than ever 
in demand. A talking moving-picture reel has been made by 
the Edison Company arranged by National Headquarters and 
there are some new moving-picture plays about to be re- 
leased, which have been produced in co-operation with the 
Women's Political Union of New York. There is also a very 
big ambitious moving-picture plan, partly worked out, which 
will quite excel any previous thing of the sort. 

There is a steady demand for short suffrage plays, and 
"How the Vote Was Won," still leads them all in popularity. 
And at last there is a really worthy three-act suffrage play 
visible on the horizon, which will doubtless be produced this 
winter. 

This year has seen more than the customary number of 
propositions from people outside the suffrage movement for 
raising sums of money by combining commercial enterprises 
with suffrage work. Two of these proposals have been of 
considerable magnitude, one for the production and sale of a 
suffrage stamp after the fashion of the Red Cross Stamp, the 
other for a magazine subscription bureau. In both these in- 
stances large sums of money were to be used in launching the 
business, all of which was to have been provided by the men 
proposing the plan, but since they wished the enterprise con- 
ducted in the name of the National Association, the Board 
decided that it was not wise to accept, since the Association 
could not have sufficient control of the conduct of the busi- 
ness. 

Headquarters is steadily asked to recommend speakers 
all over the country, and the answers given are so far as pos- 
sible recommendations for speakers in the same general sec- 
tion from which the inquiry comes. 

Constant suggestions on methods of work are given by 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 21 

bath president and secretary, and at least an attempt made to 
help solve all manner of suffrage problems which are pre- 
sented to us by the local associations. And first, middle, last 
and always we are all of us asked to provide accurate in- 
formation on all phases of suffrage and its allied interests. 
Typical recent requests are for the number of suffrage Head- 
quarters in the United States, the number of women's clubs 
that have endorsed suffrage, the number of men's leagues for 
Woman Suffrage, the exact adverse vote in all suffrage elec- 
tions in the last ten years, the proportion of illiteracy in all 
the States, the proportion of colored people in the Southern 
States, a complete list of all the suffrage campaigns in the 
United States from the beginning and the result in each, etc. 

The extent to which these and similar questions can be 
adequately answered depends partly upon the efficiency of 
the workers at Headquarters and partly upon you, who fur- 
nish the wherewithal that secures the workers at Head- 
quarters. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Mary Ware Dennett, Cor. Sec. 



REPORT OF THE PRESS BUREAU. 

The press bureau is one department of the clearing house 
of information which the National Association maintains. It 
is a busy and vital department because there comes to it an 
overwhelming demand from newspapers, magazines, suffrage 
organizations, individuals and even from Government officials 
of the United States and foreign countries. The stimulation 
and satisfaction of this demand are the life of the suffrage 
movement in this country, yet one press chairman and an 
inexperienced stenographer are expected to carry on the work. 
Because of the fine spirit of co-operation which exists at 
Headquarters, the press bureau this year has had much help 
from the Corresponding Secretary and the Literature Depart- 
ment. In fact, to such an extent have we all worked together 
in both the collection and distribution of information, it is 
difficult to separate the work of any one department. 



22 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

It seems important, however, that you should know just 
what the special activities of the press bureau have been. 
They include giving out news stories ; working up and giving 
out feature stories, general propaganda articles and articles on 
the history of the suffrage movement or the results of equal 
suffrage ; preparing material, especially statistics and legal 
data, for the use of magazine writers, editorial writers, fiction 
writers, syndicate writers, press associations and special suf- 
frage 'editions; suggesting ideas for fiction stories, special 
articles, cartoons and articles dealing with various phases of 
the feminist movement; giving out interviews on suffrage and 
on all questions which can possibly be connected with any 
phase of the feminist movement; writing articles in cases 
where an official statement has been asked for as to the pro- 
gress of the suffrage movement or the work of the National 
Association ; filing neAvspaper clippings and other material 
useful to writers and speech makers ; preparing and sending 
out biographical material concerning suffragists ; securing and 
distributing to newspapers and magazines photographs of suf- 
fragists and suffrage activities ; editing and sending out the 
weekly press bulletin. 

First, as to news stories. We give out comparatively 
little news about the National Association itself, because its 
function is chiefly to help other suffragists in their work rather 
than to do things which make news. For instance, the work 
of the Congressional Committee is news, but selling on an 
average fifty dollars' worth of literature per day, explaining 
methods of organization to new associations or preparing pub- 
licity material is not news. The news stories we do give out 
are usually of a supplementary character. For instance, when 
the newspapers received brief dispatches on the granting of 
suffrage in Norway and Iceland, we were called upon to tell 
the story of the victories. When Alaska enfranchised its 
wornen we had to tell the papers how it was done. When- 
ever a State Legislature passes a suffrage bill, we have an 
opportunity to tell all we know about the preliminary work. 
We were fortunately prepared long enough before the Illi- 
nois victory to study the law and know how it was put through, 
but sometimes we have been much embarrassed by lack of 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 23 

advance information. Another example of our kind of a sup- 
plementary news story was the article on the suffrage amend- 
ment to the Constitution of the United States, which the press 
bureau prepared and sent to seven hundred papers for pub- 
lication the Sunday before petitions from all over the United 
States were brought to the Senate on July 31st. Because of 
the co-operation of the various State presidents and press 
chairmen, a surprisingly large number of these stories was 
printed. The whole campaign for the national amendment, 
as carried on this year, illustrates the possibility of securing 
a great deal of space if one has facts to add to the brief news 
item telling of a current event. For example, the favorable 
report of the Senate Committee opened the way to the pub- 
lication of much information on previous Senate Committee 
reports, and on the whole history of Congressional suffrage 
work. 

As to the second line of work mentioned, which is the 
preparing and giving out of material for feature stories, gen- 
eral propaganda articles and articles on the history of suf- 
frage or the results of equal suffrage, it is clear that a very 
great deal of labor is involved of a sort which cannot easily 
be done by reporters or by writers not intimate with our 
work. We simply have to furnish the proper historical, legal 
or political background for them. Of course it often takes two 
or three days to learn what we can give out in fifteen minutes. 
We are therefore absolutely unable to meet adequately the 
demands made upon us for information. 

The preparation of statistics and legal or historical data 
is a most important part of the press bureau's work, just as 
it is of the work of the Corresponding Secretary and the 
Literature Department. But we are all constantly hampered 
by lack of time to do proper research work ourselves, and by 
being unable to pay anyone to do work for us. It is, of course, 
obvious to anyone familiar with office work that those of us 
at Headquarters who are spending six or seven hours a day 
in giving out information have little opportunity for careful 
and scientific research. We cannot very well shorten the time 
spent in giving out facts, for almost every visitor wants some- 
thing different. 



24 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

We have, however, found that a very little knowledge 
sometimes travels a long way. For instance, our blackboard 
on suffrage legislation in 1913, prepared in the first instance 
for our own convenience, has been copied thousands of times 
in order to meet the demands of newspapers and magazine 
writers all over the world. The data on 1913 legislation in 
California and the numiber of women voting in that State, pre- 
pared for us by the College Equal Suffrage League of Cali- 
fornia, have been of very great value. We have circulated 
these facts all over this country, and are still receiving editorial 
comments thereon through the clipping bureau. The editor 
of "Jus Suffragii" writes that most of the London papers have 
printed good articles made up from the California data we 
sent her. 

Our constitutional amendment chart and the digest of laws 
in equal suffrage States, first printed in the New York "Eve- 
ning Post," are the sort of thing the press bureau has had 
to spend its time on, in order to answer innumerable ques- 
tions ; but, under present conditions, such work can be accom- 
plished only by neglecting other work almost as important. 

Suggesting ideas is perhaps the most difficult part of the 
work, though it does not take so much time as furnishing data 
and statistics. Cartoonists come to the press bureau, saying 
that they have been ordered to do a series of cartoons, but 
that they know too little of the suffrage movement to get 
the cartoon slant upon it. As one of these men frankly re- 
marked : "It used to be easy when we always ridiculed you 
people ; now we have to understand what you are doing." It 
is no uncommon thing to be told over the telephone that a 
certain writer has an order for a story for either a magazine 
or a Sunday Supplement, and wishes us to furnish an idea — 
something that has not been used 'before. Sometimes we suc- 
ceed in persuading people who haven't planned to write about 
suffrage at all to believe it is the one timely subjct. Or, when 
writers have an article in mind, we help them plan it, tell 
them whom to interview and what material they can get. For 
example, we speak proudly of having been of some assist- 
tance to Mrs. Kinkaid in her recent "Delineator article," to 
Samuel 'Merwin and to Rose Young in articles for "Good 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 25 

Housekeeping," and to Mary Isabel Brush in her article in 
the "Saturday Evening Post." Still another part of this 
branch of publicity work is suggesting articles on the feminist 
movement which do not mention suffrage, yet give our point 
of view. 

It often seems that a press bureau is not expected to do 
anything but give out interviews. Sometimes the interview 
is valuable, for it offers us a chance to get into print facts 
which will not make a story in themselves. When we have 
any information which is particularly dull, we ask our Na- 
tional President to give an interview on it and she makes it 
so interesting the papers take it. But we are also interviewed 
upon many subjects not in the least relevant to suffrage — such 
as what kind of clothes women will wear when they vote, how 
much time per day a woman requires for housekeeping, 
whether men should wear white suits in summer, whether 
teachers may be mothers and what kind of woman makes 
the best mother. However, we have to submit because the 
reporters who are sent to us to get this information are the 
very reporters who do most to help us. For the same reason 
we allow ourselves to be used as a bureau of information on 
child welfare, labor legislation, the Consumers' League, mini- 
mum wage commissions and white slavery. If we cannot an- 
swer every question off-hand, the inquirer usually says: "Oh, 
I thought you were a press bureau." The articles which the 
press chairman has been called upon to write are of wide 
range, including contributions to "Judge," to the "Democratic 
National Monthly," and to a "Men's Fashion Bulletin." 

Biographies of suffrage workers are called for by the 
newspapers, but more often by the magazines and by suffrage 
organizations wishing to advertise speakers. We find it al- 
most impossible to persuade suffragists to write their auto- 
biographies, and therefore usually do this part of the work 
ourselves — very badly because no one has time to do it prop- 
erly. We are constantly besieged with demands for photo- 
graphs. For the Washington parade alone we gave out 
twenty-one dozen. Suffragists are extremely reluctant to 
give us their photographs, and we are allowed only a very 
small amount of money for reproduction. Any suffragist 



26 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

who has done press work realizes, however, that it is the 
photographs which carry the story and that money spent for 
this work is well spent. 

We are still sending the weekly press bulletin from the 
National Headquarters. The editorial work connected with 
the bulletin has not been changed, but last February we were 
forced to discontinue sending the bulletin to newspapers 
throughout the country 'because we could not afford to pay 
for the multigraphing and posting of thousands of copies each 
week. An opportunity was given the various State associa- 
tions to pay this cost, allowing the editorial work to be done 
at the National Headquarters as before. Only two States felt 
willing to guarantee the sum necessary, therefore, it was de- 
cided to send the bulletin only to the president or press chair- 
man in each State so that national and international items 
might be sent out with the State bulletins. We understand 
that this plan is successful wherever the State press work is 
well organized. To Nevada we send twenty-eight copies 
weekly ; to Montana fifty-six. This is because they are cam- 
paign States, and very eager for special assistance. The bul- 
letins sent to magazines, press associations, to England and 
to Canada bring the total number of bulletins multigraphed 
and sent out by us weekly, up to one hundred and forty-seven. 
The many applications we have received from newspapers to 
furnish them with our press bulletin, have been forwarded to 
the several State associations, so that no opportunity for pub- 
licity need be lost. 

This report has taken up in some detail the various 
branches of the work in the hope that members of the Con- 
vention would appreciate two facts. The first is, that there 
now exists a most remarkable and unprecedented demand for 
information about suffragists and suffrage events. We are 
news as we have never been before. Moreover, we are not 
only amusing and sometimes picturesque, but we are of real 
intellectual and political interest. The other fact is that we 
have not in any particular been able to take advantage of all 
the opportunities we have had for publicity. 

Our failure to measure up to our opportunities is, of course, 
due primarily to lack of money, although in some instances 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 27 

a greater co-operation would enable us to off-set the poverty 
handicap. Having no appropriation, our press work is, of 
course, not in the least like that of any political organization 
or reform movement which is able to buy plates, pay for matrix 
material, or send great quantities of typewritten and printed 
material to newspapers throughout the country. But, even 
assuming that we shall never have the large sums necessary 
for this sort of work, and admitting that in some instances 
we get more space because we work as amateurs, it would 
seem ridiculous, were it not so deplorable, that Ave are unable 
to afford workers enough to do those things which can be 
done only by suffragists. We can never expect the news- 
papers to pay experts to collect the suffrage material which 
we would most like to have published. If we fail to supply 
them with the best sort of material, and to dramatize it so 
to speak, in order to make its news value apparent, the papers 
very naturally fill the space with stories which are easiest for 
professionals to write. There is very little information on 
suffrage of any news value which is not printed, provided 
someone has had time to get it into shape. The reporters 
and syndicate writers are many of them most intelligent con- 
cerning the suffrage movement, ibut they cannot be expected 
to do the work which it is our place to do. 

While there are some editors who give us space because 
they have to — that is, because we are always doing something 
different and making news which cannot be ignored — there 
are perhaps even more editors who are either suffragists or 
who have a real interest in the suffrage movement, and are 
therefore eager to give us all the space which the business 
department of their papers permits. And, by the way, one 
of the most valuable kinds of press work is that which can 
be done by every suffragist individually. Newspaper and 
magazine offices are most sensitive to the praise and blame 
of readers. Suffrage departments are sometimes stopped be- 
cause no readers write their approval. Individual newspaper 
policies, belittling or perverting the suffrage issue, are some- 
times persisted in because no readers write their disapproval. 
Also, it is discouraging to the editor when a reader writes 
a letter complaining of one news item or one cartoon, although 



28 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

she has ignored everything which has been printed in favor 
of suffrage. 

Demands upon the press bureau, as upon every depart- 
ment at Headquarters, have materially increased during the 
past year. There is, of course, little doubt that the increase 
during the coming year will be even greater. For 'carrying 
on the press work in anything like an adequate manner, we 
need now at least one person who is skilled in research work 
and has had legal training; one person who can devote all 
her time to reading and filing material, two stenographers, 
and one person who will give out all the material prepared 
by the other four. At present there is only the press chair- 
man and one assistant who divides her time between filing 
and stenography. The demands which now come to the Na- 
tional Press Bureau cannot be met by the local associations 
without a much greater expenditure of time and money than 
are necessary for centralized work. The press work which can 
be done by wholesale, so to speak — that is the assembling of 
news which is circulated throughout the country by the great 
magazines, the press associations and the syndicates — can ob- 
viously 'best be done in the Headquarters which is, more than 
any other place in the country, a clearing house for informa- 
tion, ideas and knowledge of the personalities of suffragists. 
Moreover preparing data and statistics for the use of other 
suffragists can in many cases be better done by the Naitional 
Association than by local associations which, in the stress of 
legislative work and active campaigns, cannot take time for 
any sort of research work. In other words, the State associa- 
tions should be able to demand of the National, the work 
which the National can do most economically, which it can 
do without infringing upon the press work the local associa- 
tions are best able to do for themselves, and which it would 
do if the financial resources of the press 'bureau were adequate. 

Elinor Byrns, Chairman. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 29 

REPORT OF THE AUDITORS. 

We herewith beg to state that we have examined the 
Report of the certified accountants, Barrow, Wade, Guthrie 
and Company, employed by us to examine and audit the books 
kept by the Treasurer of the National American Woman Suf- 
frage Association and have found them to be correct. 

Respectfully, 
Harriett Burton Laidlaw, 
Louise DeKoven Bowen, 

Auditors. 

Mrs. Stanley McCormick, Treasurer, National American 
Woman Suffrage Association, 

505 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 
Dear Madam : 

We have completed our cash audit of the books and ac- 
counts of the National American Woman Suffrage Association 
for the year ended October 31, 1913, and we respectfully sub- 
mit herewith the following accounts and report thereon : 

1. Balance Sheet for year ended October 31, 1913. 

2. Statement of Receipts and Disbursements for the year 

ended October 31, 1913. 

3. Statement of Income and Expenditure for the same 

period. 
In the course of our examination, we counted the cash on 
hand which was found in agreement with the balance as called 
for by the Petty Cash Book. The Bank balance was also re- 
conciled with the balance as disclosed by the Cash Book, for 
which we obtained a certificate verifying the correctness of 
the amount on deposit in the Fifth Avenue Branch of the 
Guaranty Trust Company of New York as of October 31, 
1913. 

We examined the cash disbursements and either received 
receipted vouchers or paid checks for all of these. 
Submitting the foregoing, we are, 
Yours truly, 
Barrow, Wade, Guthrie & Co. 



30 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



FINANCIAL REPORT. 
NOVEMBER 1, 1912, TO NOVEMBER 1, 1913 

KATHARINE DEXTER McCORMICK, TREASURER, IN AC- 
COUNT WITH THE NATIONAL AMERICAN 
WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION 

Balance Sheet for Year Ended October 31, 1913 

ASSETS 

Cash: 

In Bank $2,761.72 

Petty Cash Fund 50.00 

Cash and Checks on Hand 243.40 

3,055.12 

Gold and Silver Coins 36.00 

Furniture and Fixtures 680.00 

Literature (Inventory) 4,050.82 



Total Assets $7,821.94 

LIABILITIES 

Loans: 

Laura Clay $1,000.00 

Estate of M. S. and S. B. Anthony 1,000.00 

Trustees S. B. A. Memorial Fund 1,000.00 

Dr. Anna H. Shaw 3,431.72 

Total Liabilities $6,431.72 

General Fund Surplus 1,390.22 

$7,821.94 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 31 



STATEMENT OF RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS FOR 
YEAR ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1913 

Receipts 

Members' Dues $5,178.20 

Associate Members 250.00 

General Donations 13,050.01 

Restricted Donations 3,309.12 

Annual Pledges 5,661.61 

Literature Sales 10,797.95 

Woman's Journal 80.00 

Miscellaneous 464.63 

Loan from Dr. Anna H. Shaw 3,931.72 

Total Receipts $42,723.24 

Balance at Beginning of Period 2,874.55 

$45,597.79 



Disbursements 

National Association Vouchers Payable $32,768.80 

Woman's Journal Vouchers Payable 4,842.15 

Return of Dr. Anna H. Shaw's Loan 500.00 

Payment of Miss Jessie Ashley's Loan 3,931.72 

Payment of Part of Dr. Anna Shaw's Loan (As- 
sumption of J. Ashley's Loan of $3,931.72)... 500.00 



$42,542.67 



Distribution of Balance 



Guaranty Trust Co. (5th Avenue Branch) 2,761.72 

Petty Cash 50.00 

On Hand, Cash and Checks Deposited Nov. 7.. 243.40 

$45,597.79 



32 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE FOR YEAR 
ENDED OCTOBER 31, 1913 

Income 

General Donations $13,050.01 

Restricted Donations 3,309.12 

Annual Pledges 5,661.61 

Literature Sales 10,797.95 

Members' Dues 5,178.20 

Associate Members 250.00 

Woman's Journal 80.00 

Miscellaneous 410.43 $38,737.52 

' $38,737.52 

Expenditures 

Headquarters $11,300.96 

Official Board 360.34 

Press Bureau 3,642.33 

Campaigns 1,622.09 

Field Secretary 1,577.22 

Field Collector and Ways and Means Committee. 1,585.12 

Woman's Journal 64.76 

Literature 12,357.78 

$32,510.60 
Decrease in Inventory During Period 4,076.18 $36,586.78 

Excess of Income Over Expenditure for Period. $2,150.54 

Deduct: 

Dr. Anna Shaw's Oct., 1912, Loan Returned. $500.00 
Deduct: 

Transfer of Gold Coins Sold 10.00 

$510.00 
Less: 

Outstanding Checks Not Used Credited Back 54.20 $455.80 

$1,694.74 
Deduct: 

Deficit Oct. 31, 1912 304.52 

Surplus at End of Period $1,390.22 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 33 

REPORT OF THE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE. 

The Chairman of the Ways and Means Committee has 
only a brief report. 

As stated in the information to delegates issued by the 
Official Board the total amount collected by the Ways and 
Means Committee was $3,635.22, of which $3,415.22 was cash 
and $210 in pledges. But the expenses were heavy: Print- 
ing appeals, $469.25; Salaries of mailing clerks, $535.53; Post- 
age, $438.07 and so on, amounting to $1,585.12 in all. Total 
net return to National Treasurer, $1,830.10. 

It is interesting to observe that this is the response from 
22,000 appeals. To these appeals only 827 persons responded 
and of these 512 persons gave $3,622 which was a splendid 
rhowing. 41 Antis wrote very cross letters. 257 appeals 
"ame back from the Dead Letter Office. 

An Interstate Ways and Means Committee could not be 
formed because no one wished the thankless task of serving 
on it. The Collector appointed by the National resigned after 
a few weeks because she was so deeply discouraged. State 
and other Suffrage organizations objected to the Ways and 
Means Committee begging within their borders. This is not 
encouraging for a Ways and Means Committee. Yet it is 
evident the National Association must hold out its hat in 
every State in the Union unless the Convention provides for 
its bread and butter. 

M. Carey Thomas, Chairman 



REPORT OF THE LITERATURE COMMITTEE. 

In the publication of literature, as in every other depart- 
ment of suffrage work, the demands upon us have outgrown 
our resources, and our opportunities have far exceeded our 
capacity to take advantage of them. A record of what we have 
actually accomplished is, therefore, of relatively small im- 
portance compared with a statement of what we felt we should 
do and could not. I shall, accordingly, sketch out our achieve- 
ments very briefly in order to give the more time to our 
possibilities. 



34 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

In the month following the last convention — December, 
1912 — the Literature Department brought out, in addition to 
the monthly bulletin, "What To Read On Suffrage,'" new edi- 
tions of Miss Addams' booklet, "Why Women Should Vote," 
and Mrs. Howe's "An Anti-Suffrage Monologue" ; and pub- 
lished a supplementary list to the catalog. This last was one 
of our numerous economies. The catalog was so far out of 
date that people were beginning to complain of it. We had, 
however, some 5,000 copies in stock. Instead of doing a wholly 
new catalog, therefore, we stamped out of the old catalog all 
the articles that were out of stock and published only a few 
supplementary sheets containing our new acquisitions. 

In January, besides the bulletin, we printed a new edition 
of the rain'bow flyers, new editions of twelve Political Equal- 
ity Leaflets, and a new and revised edition of Mrs. Catt's 
"Do You Know ," (bringing all its facts and figures up to date. 

With special reference to Legislative work, we published 
in pamphlet fonm Miss Johnston's address to the House of 
Governors, and a new and revised edition of the leaflet — 
originally prepared 'by Mrs. Dennett — entitled, "Of Interest 
To Legislators." This last we distributed free, sending a 
sufficient number to each State President — in whose State the 
Legislature was in session — to supply every member with a 
copy. We prepared and published the map poster, "Imitation 
Is the Sincerest Flattery." 

In February, in addition to the bulletin, we published a 
new edition of John Stuart Mill's great speech in the British 
Parliament which, year in and year out, remains one of our 
steady sellers ;and a set of twelve Political Equality leaflets, 
including four wholly new ones, Mrs. Nathan's, "The Justice 
and Expediency of Woman Suffrage," which won the prize in 
the New York Herald's contest; "Votes for Women a 
Success Proven by the Map," by Minnie J. Reynolds ; "The 
Question of Fitness," by Florence Richardson Usher, and 
"Business vs. the Home," by Caroline Bartlett Crane. 

The time of the secretary of the committee was largely 
occupied during this month in helping with the preparations 
for the National Campaign Meeting which took place on Feb- 
ruary 17th. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 35 

In March, in addition to the bulletin, we published only 
a new and revised edition of "Objections Answered." During 
this month, however, it was decided that, since the Spring 
Suffrage Parade was to be made, as far as possible, national 
in scope, the National Association should organize all the 
groups but those representing New York State, and the Secre- 
tary of the literature committee was put in charge of that 
work. (The State Presidents will doubtless remember my 
voluminous letters on the subject.) 

During April we printed nothing but the bulletin, the 
time of the secretary being almost wholly given up to organiz- 
ing the National's section of the parade, but the bulletin was 
extended to contain, in addition to existing features, a list 
of new books of interest to suffragists. 

In May, by order of the official Board, all publishing and 
purchasing of supplies was suspended until the next Board 
rneeting in September, and the literature secretary accordingly 
took her vacation the last three weeks of May and a month's 
leave of absence — without pay — during June. 

In July, however, we published the pamphlet, ''Woman 
Suffrage and the Liquor Interests" and the "Voiceless 
Speech"; money for the former having been advanced by Miss 
Shaw and for the latter by Mrs. Raymond Brown. The pam- 
phlet was prepared in response to the demand for proof that 
the liquor interests were carrying on an organized opposition 
to woman suffrage. It contains no charges or statements what- 
ever, but is made up wholly of extracts from two liquor jour- 
nals (which, according to the declaration on their own title 
pages, are the official organs of two liquor dealers' associa- 
tions) and from certain circular appeals sent out by liquor 
associations. The "Voiceless Speech" was also done in re- 
sponse to an insistent demand. The only style in existence at 
that time was a set of heavy cards — modelled after the original 
"Voiceless Speech" worked out by Miss Emily Pierson and 
used in one of the Connecticut campaigns, which was awkward 
to handle and expensive both to produce and to ship ; and 
which, moreover — admirable as it was in its text — did not 
bring out certain points which we were especially anxious 
to have covered. A new kind was designed, therefore, more 



36 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

inclusive in the scope of its arguments, and printed on light 
but tough paper and mounted on a light wooden rack, so that 
it can be held in one hand and turned with the other, and 
rolled conveniently for transportation. 

During July and August the department, or, perhaps I 
should say rightly the suffragists of the country, began to feel 
the pinch of the embargo on printing. A number of the most 
useful pamphlets and leaflets ran out and we were unable to 
fill numerous orders. Toward the end of August, just at the 
time the suffragists were ordering supplies for their work at 
the Fairs, the stock of rainbow flyers became exhausted. As 
this is the one variety of suffrage literature which is indis- 
pensable for all kinds of outdoor work, we felt that it would 
be a real calamity for the publishing bureau of the suffragists 
of the entire country to fail them at such a time, and we so 
presented the matter to Dr. Shaw, whereupon Dr. Shaw offered 
to be responsible personally for the printing of a new edition. 
During these months when there was, naturally, practically 
no editorial work and very little research work for the litera- 
ture secretary, her time was employed in organizing a filing 
and reference system for all sorts of data on suffrage and 
allied subjects; in building up the reference library; and in 
extending the business in bound books dealing with subjects 
of special interest to suffragists. We have now on the 
shelves of the reception-room at Headquarters a copy of every 
book on the lists printed in the bulletin, and the collection has 
proved very useful to the innumerable people who are nowa- 
days seeking information on our subject. We take orders on 
these books, and this serves the three-fold purpose of bringing 
in a small but steady gain to the Association, extending the 
distribution of propaganda and educational literature on our 
subject, and serving as a book-purchasing agency for suf- 
fragists to whom large book stores are inaccessible. 

During these months of enforced inactivity in the pub- 
lishing line, we also seized the opportunity to revise and bring 
up to date the two slide lectures, and to make additions and 
corrections in the literature by means of printed slips or 
gummed labels — our recent rapid gains having put practically 
all our publications out of date. We went over the stock, sold 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 37 

the hopelessly out-of-date matter as waste paper, and offered 
reduced rates on matter that, while out of date, still had a 
certain value — an extraordinarily small quantity, by the way, 
considering the volume of our stock and the rapidity with 
which we are making history nowadays. 

In September, in response to insistent demands for the 
map poster, chiefly for booths at Fairs, for a map post-card, 
chiefly to sell at Fairs, and for certain of the most popular 
Political Equality Leaflets, which were out of stock, we 
printed all these things, Dr. Shaw once more standing per- 
sonally responsible. 

At the meeting of the Official Board in September the 
dire need for a comparatively large amount of publishing was 
laid before the members, and the Literature Department was 
authorized to print to the extent of $1,000; Dr. Shaw having 
offered to advance that sum. Since then we have brought out, 
besides the bulletin, new editions of the little blue bound 
book, ''Arguments and Results"; Miss Blackwell's "Objections 
Answered," Mrs. Catt's "Do You Know," Mrs. Bjorkman's 
"Where Women Vote," Mrs. Harper's, "A Brief History of 
Woman Suffrage in the United States," "Eminent Opinions," 
twelve Political Equality Leaflets, three of which required 
extensive revision; a new catalog; a new play list and a wholly 
new pamphlet, "Man and Women-made Laws in the Equal 
Suffrage States," by Miss Byrns, the press chairman, and Miss 
Helen A. Ranlett, who, like Miss Byrns, is a lawyer. This 
pamphlet gives a long and most ardently desired summary of 
all the legislation affecting women and children passed in the 
equal suffrage States since women got the vote. This was 
also published in the New York Evening Post and was printed 
for us by the Post in its present form as a separate pamphlet; 
but it is also incorporated in the new edition of "Arguments 
and Results." "Arguments and Results" has now had the 
word "History" added to its title, as we have incorporated 
in the new edition a wonderfully succinct and complete survey 
of the movement in this country from the earliest times to the 
present, which Mrs. Harper has prepared for us from her two 
pamphlets, "A Brief History of the Woman Suffrage Move- 
ment in the United States," published some years ago, and 



38 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

"How Six States Won Woman Suffrage/" with all the new 
material necessary to bring it up to date. 

The "little blue bound book" now contains, we believe, a 
comprehensible survey of the whole suffrage field embracing, 
as it does, history, extent, results, sentiment for, general argu- 
ments and answers to specific objections. 

All these things represent only absolute necessities, all 
being — except for the pamphlet on the laws — merely replenish- 
ments of stock; but even so, in bringing them out we have 
considerably exceeded the appropriation made by the Official 
Board. When we got our estimates, however, we were author- 
ized to proceed by Miss Shaw, who agreed to stand personally 
responsible to the Board. 

During the past year also, the Literature Department 
has co-operated with a commercial publishing concern in pro- 
moting the sale of a suffrage calendar. This is the only time, 
within the past two years that we have fallen in with any 
of the innumerable schemes laid before us by commercial 
people for making money for suffrage, and we decided to do 
this on this occasion only because the calendar had a rather 
unusual propaganda value because of its return suffrage post- 
card feature; because our own stock of suffrage novelties was 
so meagre, and because the publishers offered it to suffragists 
on terms which made possible a very substantial profit to the 
organization selling it. The results have, I believe, justified 
our judgment, as we have had reports of excellent success 
with it from numbers of Associations. 

During the past year the Department has advertised more 
widely than it has ever done before: that is to say, in more 
papers — the space used has actually been less. While the 
Woman's Journal remained the organ of the Association, and 
we could, therefore, advertise in the Journal without an actual 
outlay of cash, practically the only advertising we did was in 
the Journal. After the Journal ceased to be the organ of the 
Association an arrangement was made whereby we continued 
to have a certain amount of space on an exchange basis, as 
practically all of our literature carried an advertisement for 
the Journal. Some months ago this arrangement expired, 
and, as advertising space in the Journal is relatively high, that 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 39 

is, comlpared with rates made for us by other suffrage papers, 
we have had only a small space in the Journal ever since. 
We advertise there continuously, however, and in the Woman 
Voter and the Women's Political World. We have advertised 
occasionally in "Life and Labor," the "Maryland Suffrage 
News," "The Progressive Woman," "The Masses," "The 
Woman's Bulletin" of California and in various suffrage edi- 
tions of regular newspapers. The cost of our advertising 
averages $30 per month, and while we have no way of checking 
up accurately how much business it brings us, it is clear from 
the orders that a very large number of them come to us 
through one or the other of our advertisements. The bulletin, 
"What to Read on Suffrage," serves us as an excellent adver- 
tising medium, as, in the recent issues, we have listed all our 
new publications. 

As the leaflet, "Facts for Delegates" informs you, the 
Department has earned $10,797.95 during the past year. To 
that must be added the value of the stock, $4,050.82 and the 
uncollected bills, $1,551.12, making a total of $16,399.89 for 
the credit side. It has spent $12,357.78, making a loss of $34.07, 
allowing $4,042.11 for decrease of stock during the year. 
However, considering that this was not a campaign year, that 
we were unable to fill a number of our orders for months at a 
time, and that the worst shortage came at one of the best 
seasons in the year, it is clear that the business — as a business 
— is growing, the difference in the amount of business done 
last year — which was a campaign year — and this being only 
$1,205.90. From the results of the year's work we felt con- 
fident that, with working capital guaranteed, we could next 
year show a very substantial profit. 

It must be remembered, also, that the Association has 
made no appropriation for distributing literature free, but 
that there is, nevertheless, a continuous and rather large de- 
mand for free literature. This comes from the campaign 
States, from libraries, from the travelling package libraries of 
universities, from debating societies and individual debaters, 
from progressive organizations of various kinds, and from 
young suffrage leagues which can raise no money for litera- 
ture, until they have roused public sentiment with literature. 



40 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Most of these demands, you see, we cannot afford not to re- 
spond to. In the case of the campaign States and the libraries, 
Miss Shaw has made it possible for us to send out relatively 
large quantities by purchasing the literature from the depart- 
ment out of her private campaign fund. The other demands 
we have met as well as we could, and put the cost down in 
our books, "account advertising or general propaganda." To 
be thoroughly business-like, it seems to me the Association 
should appropriate a sum for this purpose on which the litera- 
ture department could make requisitions for sending out litera- 
ture free where the opportunity offered was such as should 
not be missed. 

We have all — I do not mean the workers in the Literature 
Department alone, but the suffragists all over the country, 
learned a great deal about suffrage literature in the last few 
years, and by pooling our knowledge and all working together 
there is, I believe, no reason why we should not make a 
National publication bureau not only maintain itself, but help 
to maintain those parts of the work that never can be self- 
supporting. 

But whether the work of a publication bureau can be 
made profitable or not, even if it could never be made self- 
supporting — it is obvious suffrage literature must be published 
somehow. It is merely a question whether the publishing 
shall be done in the most effective and economical way pos- 
sible, or, in a haphazard and wasteful way: whether it can 
help to pay for other branches of the work or whether it, 
also, shall be a tax upon everybody. 

There is no business in which the principle that it is 
wasteful and expensive to order in small quantities is more 
true than in the printing business. One of the chief items in 
the cost of any publication is in setting up the type ; once the 
type is set, the proof read and the corrections made, the cost 
of every additional thousand imprint is almost only a matter 
of paper. If our literature is to be printed in large editions it 
must, of course, be printed in one central bureau. Against 
this enormous advantage there is, so far as I have been able 
to find out, two objections: first, that the publications do not 
contain the address of the local organization circulating it; and 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 41 

second, that they do not deal with local issues and conditions. 
Both these difficulties could, I think, be easily overcome by co- 
operation between the local organizations and the publication 
bureau, and by no more elaborate device than a special edition 
containing the particular matter desired. 

Furthermore it would be quite impossible for each organ- 
ization to employ a person trained to research and editorial 
work, and this it would have to do if it were to produce the 
kind of suffrage literature that is demanded to-day. 

More and more the emphasis has been shifted from gen- 
eral suffrage arguments, that practically anyone who believes 
in suffrage and has some literary facility can produce, to the 
collecting and tabulation of data, for which special experience 
and training are indispensable. 

I would almost go so far as to say that we have now 
enough good general arguments to see us through our move- 
ment. I have gone over them innumerable times — reading 
proof on them in galley and in page each time we print an 
edition, and I have come to the conclusion that we can hardly 
improve on such pamphlets as Miss Addams' "Why Women 
Should Vote," Miss Thomas' "A New Fashioned Argument," 
Professor Thomas' "Why Woman Suffrage Has Been a Suc- 
cess," Clifford Howard's "Why Man Needs Woman's Ballot," 
Professor Ward's "Women Should Mind Their Own Busi- 
ness," Mrs. Catt's "Do You Know," Miss Blackwell's " Objec- 
tions Answered," Max Eastman's "Is Woman Suffrage Im- 
portant," Mill's "Suffrage for Women," and the best of the 
purely argumentative "Political Equality Leaflets," the "Rain- 
bow Flyers" and a number of the other old stand-bys. All this 
material is required in constantly larger and larger quantities 
but not necessarily in greater variety. In fact we have found 
that it takes something like a year to start the demand for a 
new publication not containing facts and statistics, the suf- 
fragists apparently preferring, where purely argumentative 
matter is concerned, to stick to the old things that they have 
tested and found effective. 

The demand for facts and statistics is, however, insatiable, 
and the worst — or the best — of it is that it covers a wide 
range of subjects some of which are apparently connected 



42 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

with suffrage only in the remotest way. During my two 
years' experience in the literature department the demands 
most frequently made upon us have been: 

First — Digest of laws, (a) affecting women and children in 
all the States, and (b) attributable to the influence or work 
of women in the equal suffrage States. 

Second — Actual results in the equal suffrage States, covering 
the entire range of women's political activities from the num- 
bers in which they go to the polls, to the numbers elected to 
office. 

Third — Extent of woman suffrage all over the world "strictly 
up to date." 

Fourth — Facts and figures with respect to the amount and 
distribution of illiteracy, foreign population, negro population, 
prostitution, white slavery, child labor, regulation of liquor 
traffic, number and condition and wages of women in industry, 
and in the trades and professions, achievements of great 
women, achievements of women in civic improvement (with 
the vote and without the vote) and in practically every other 
branch of human activity. 

We have made a beginning towards meeting these de- 
mands with the pamphlet on the laws in equal suffrage States 
by Miss Byrns and Miss Ranlett, with our filing and refer- 
ence system and our reference library ; but it must be remem- 
bered that here we are dealing with material that changes 
almost daily and that to keep it up to date requires the con- 
stant and endless checking up of at least one person trained 
to that kind of work. i 

During the past year, the literature secretary has had, 
besides the research and editorial work, all the correspond- 
ence connected with the department — except during the last 
few weeks while engaged in getting out the recent new pub- 
lications and making the exhibit for the Convention — and then 
most of the time without the services of a stenographer. This 
correspondence includes — not only letters of inquiry and other 
correspondence properly belonging to a publication and re- 
search bureau — but all the correspondence inevitable to the 
carrying on of what is really a relatively large wholesale 
mail order business. One of the best features of the incor- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 43 

poration plan is that it would provide for the handling of 
the strictly business correspondence by a business manager. 
The literature secretary cannot do justice to the research and 
editorial work — including the correspondence arising there- 
from — if she has also to handle the business correspondence, 
if for no other reason than that the two sorts of work are 
so wholly different as to require different and — one might 
almost say mutual exclusive — types of mind. 

To sum up, we require at the present time, to make the 
publication and research bureau self-supporting and possibly 
even profitable, working capital to provide : 

First — For the printing of very large editions of the gen- 
eral propaganda material not containing facts requiring con- 
stant revision, with provisions for special editions for local 
associations. 

Second — To provide for the printing of frequent small 
editions of material containing facts and figures requiring fre- 
quent revision. 

Third — To provide for a large assortment of propaganda 
devices which we might designate as '"organizers' supplies." 

Fourth — To provide for a trained person who could give 
all her time to editorial and research work and to the cor- 
respondence and other work incidental to the maintenance 
of a general information bureau. 

Fifth — Various devices for making propaganda by means 
of headquarters window displays, booths at fairs and exhibi- 
tions, sandwich board parades, poster campaigns, illustrated 
lectures, and in numerous other ways which the ingenuity 
of the organizers is finding out. We have made a begin- 
ning with the voiceless speech, the map poster, the picture 
flyers, the poster talks, the two-slide lectures, the photograph 
gallery of eminent suffragists and the play bureau ; but we 
are constantly being asked for other things which would 
greatly facilitate the work of organizers and active workers 
which we have not been able to provide. 

It seems to me that the dignity and importance of our 
movement require that we should have a research, informa- 
tion and publication bureau that compares favorably in every 
respect with the bureaus of this kind maintained by other 



44 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

great national associations; but this we cannot have with- 
out a certain amount of working capital guaranteed in ad- 
vance to support the work. 

Frances Maule Bjorkman, 

Editor and Secretary. 



REPORT OF LEGAL ADVISER. 

The work of the legal adviser during the past year has 
been chiefly in connection with two bequests to the Associa- 
tion. 

Mrs. Lila S. Buckley, of Kansas, died in December, 
1912, leaving to the Association property valued at upwards 
of $30,000. Her will was admitted to probate on January 
28, 1913, and shortly thereafter her son, Charles S. Buckley, 
filed a petition to set it aside on the grounds of insanity and 
undue influence. It becoming necessary to choose local trial 
counsel, your legal adviser spent several days in Kansas in- 
vestigating the matter, and after consulting with distinguished 
western suffragists and with the Board of General Officers 
of the Association, chose A. L. Wilmoth, Esq., of Concordia, 
Kansas, to represent us there. The trial of the case will 
probably occur within two or three months. 

The second important will controversy in which there 
have been developments during the past year is the McCall 
case. Sallie J. McCall, of Cincinnati, who died in March, 
1909, left to the Association about five thousand dollars' 
worth of stock in the Cincinnati Street Railway Company. 
Since that date a strange fatality seems to have followed this 
bequest, and it may not be out of place to enumerate briefly 
here the incidents that have, up to this time, made it im- 
possible for us to receive any benefit from this profit. 

Just six months after Mrs. McCall's death her widower, 
William J. McCall, who had been named in the will as ex- 
ecutor, elected to marry again. Five days after his second 
marriage he died. He had at that time made practically no 
progress in administering his deceased wife's estate, and the 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 45 

Court appointed Mr. Jerome D. Creed, of Cincinnati, ad- 
ministrator de bonis non. Mr. McCall's widow contended 
that he had never agreed to take under the will, and that he 
had hence at the time of his decease been entitled, under the 
Ohio law, to one-third of his wife's personal estate and to 
dower in her real estate. She contended that she, as his 
widow, was entitled to her legal proportion of this as of his 
other property. 

The controversy over this point, which was still going 
on in the Ohio courts when your legal adviser visited Cin- 
cinnati last March to investigate the matter, has since been 
decided by the lower court in favor of the widow. This de- 
cision, even if affirmed, will in all probability not affect the 
amount of the bequest to the Association, and there is 
little doubt that we shall ultimately receive the entire amount 
bequeathed to us, but the property cannot be turned over 
by the administrator until the entire estate is ready for 
settlement. A settlement has been still further delayed by 
the death of Mr. Creed during the summer and by the re- 
cently announced determination of one of the other legatees 
to appeal from the decision of the lower court. W.; C. 
Cochran, Esq., of Cincinnati, has been representing our in- 
terests there in an able manner, having been retained by the 
Association in 1909. 

Mary Rutter Towle. 



REPORT OF THE FIELD SECRETARY. 

Having had some experience in suffrage work, the office 
of Field Secretary was accepted realizing that the possibility 
of having well defined duties would be very slight, but feel- 
ing that the general idea would be to try to bring the Na- 
tional Association in closer touch with the states and to 
acquaint the states in a more intimate way with the National 
work. 

The work done has been divided under four heads : 
Legislative, Visiting of States, Work with the Congressional 



46 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Committee, and Work in Campaign States. The first legis- 
lative work was done in North Dakota. The women there 
were very anxious to be taught legislative methods. After 
studying the situation, giving advice, and outlining a cam- 
paign, the work was left to be done by Mrs. Darrow and her 
assistants. They remained at the Capital until their bills 
were signed by the Governor — which require dtheir attend- 
ance during almost the entire session. 

The Delaware women could not be in constant attend- 
ance at the Capital ; this hindered the teaching of legislative 
methods and necessitated a certain amount of interviewing 
by the Field Secretary alone. The same was true of Florida; 
although here a peculiar situation arose which made it ap- 
pear wise to spend more time than the results accomplished 
seemed to warrant. However, both states had a bill intro- 
duced and voted on in each House, which makes a good 
foundation for future legislative work, also a good excuse 
for a Federal amendment. 

The Visiting of States : In Alabama, Tennessee, Mis- 
souri, Nebraska, and South Dakota the State officers were 
visited, their peculiar difficulties and advantages were dis- 
cussed and recommendations made. Missouri and Nebraska 
were in the midst of circulating petitions for a referendum. 
South Dakota, with the bill before the people, seemed well 
prepared to avoid past mistakes. Mrs. Pyle, the State 
President, is a very able woman. She has the confidence of 
her people and is a leader. One of the encouraging features 
of the campaign is that while other questions voted on at 
the last election were such that the forces for evil used the 
slogan "Vote NO" — this year there is an issue before the 
voters which the liquor people are anxious to carry and 
they are going to instruct voters to "Vote Yes." Fortunately, 
they can be taught only one thing at a time. 

Work with Congressional Committee: July was spent in 
travelling from Montana to Washington with petitions for 
the Federal amendment, stopping at thirty-three places 1 — 
eleven in Montana, nineteen in North Dakota, where with 
the President, Vice-President and their sons, six hundred 
miles were travelled by automobile. One stop was made in 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 47 

Minnesota, one in Illinois, and one in Indiana. Two weeks 
were spent in Washington interviewing Senators. 

Work in Campaign States : Three weeks preceding April 
7th were spent in Saginaw, Michigan, organizing the city 
into wards and precincts. Five weeks were spent in North 
Dakota attending the State Convention and speaking and can- 
vassing in eleven counties. The situation in North Dakota 
is unusual in that the vice interests have no organization to 
work there. The population is essentially rural with a large 
proportion Scandinavian, which can be won, while there are 
some Germans and Russians. Considering the ease with 
which the bill passed the legislature, and the general senti- 
ment in favor of suffrage, it seems probable that with 
very little work the bill will receive a majority vote, but it 
will require a great deal of agitation to secure a majority of 
all the votes cast, which is a necessity. The women are al- 
most unanimous in believing it is all right for women to 
vote, but since they have never had a campaign, they feel 
no necessity of working for it. They seem quite confident 
that their very able President, although ill, can carry the State 
alone. It takes a great deal of energy to convince a per- 
fectly comfortable woman that two years is too long a time 
to wait for suffrage. You must remember that they have 
practically no "horrors" to arouse them. More time has 
been spent in Montana than was perhaps her share, partly 
because the situation seems more critical and partly because 
it was always possible to obtain the complete co-operation 
of the State Chairman.* In fact, I might say the Chairman 
never left the Field Secretary except on one occasion — when 
the Field Secretary was asked to meet a committee from an 
outside organization. 

The Field Secretaryship made it possible to visit the 
State Federation of Women's Clubs and to speak before 
them, also to hold two meetings of the State Central Com- 
mittee, one in June and one in September, to arrange for 
work to be done at the State and County fairs. A great 
deal of organizing was also done. Labor in Montana is 



*Miss Rankin was the State Chairman. 



48 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

well organized. The largest center re-elected a Socialist 
mayor, and both the labor organizations and the Socialists 
are pledged in favor of the amendment. 

Jeanette Rankin, 
Field Secretary. 



REPORT OF THE MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE. 

During the year 1913 — since the last National Conven- 
tion, the following organizations applied for membership and 
having in the minds of the Committee conformed with all the 
requirements for membership, were by vote of the Committee, 
admitted to Auxiliary Membership in the National American 
Woman Suffrage Association: 

Florida Equal Franchise Association, 
Louisiana Woman Suffrage Association, 
New Jersey Women's Political Union, 
Massachusetts Political Equality Union, 
Montana Woman Suffrage Association, 
North Dakota Woman Suffrage Association, 
Hawaiian Woman Suffrage Association, 
Congressional Union. 

(Signed) Susan W. Fitzgerald, Chairman; 

Maud M. Hinks, 

Jane Campbell, 

Lillian F. Feickert, 

R. T. Foster. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENTIAL 
SUFFRAGE. 

The extraordinary victory for women's suffrage in Illinois 
has emphasized the fact, not duly apprehended hitherto, that 
State legislatures have power to grant presidential suffrage 
to women. No man derives his right to vote for presidential 
electors from the constitution of his state. The United States 
Constitution delegates the power and duty to qualify citi- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 49 

zens to vote for presidential electors to the legislatures of 
the States. The first section of Article II of the United 
States Constitution provides for the choice of presidential 
electors in these words : "Each state shall appoint in such 
manner as the legislature thereof may direct a number of 
electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Repre- 
sentatives, to which the State may be entitled in Congress." 
Probably Senator George F. Hoar was the first to discover 
that this power, given by the United States Constitution to all 
State Legislatures, involved the possibility of the enfranchise- 
ment of women, as voters for presidential electors. Mr. Henry 
B. Blackwell for many years sagaciously argued the pos- 
sibility. 

The conspicuous position that women suddenly attained 
in American politics, in 1912, was due to the fact that in 
six states women were able to determine the choice of thirty- 
seven presidential electors. The large interests involved in 
a presidential administration, among which are 300,000 offices 
of honor and emolument, cause keen political concern from the 
fact that women voters may hold the balance of power in a 
close election. 

The whole number of electoral votes in the nine states 
where women have full suffrage is fifty-four. These were 
attained by campaigns for constitutional amendments that in- 
volved vast outlay of time and treasure. Simply by act of 
legislature, Illinois has added twenty-nine to the list, an in- 
crease of over thirty-three per cent, thus bringing an incal- 
culable influence and power into the arena of national politics. 
Politicians no longer ignore the question of women's en- 
franchisement, but vie with one another in obtaining the 
support and co-operation of women voters. 

Some state constitutions are very difficult to amend, re- 
quiring a two-thirds vote in two successive legislatures, and 
then an expensive and exhaustive campaign must follow, to 
carry the measure, while presidential suffrage, the most in- 
fluential privilege of enfranchisement, may be obtained by a 
majority vote of one in the Legislature. 

State legislatures vary in regard to power to grant 
municipal and school suffrage. But the power to determine 



50 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

presidential electors, being conferred by the United States 
Constitution upon the state legislatures, anything in a state 
constitution contrary to the provisions of such a law, is 
thereby rendered void, for the United States Constitution 
supercedes all other laws. 

Professor Graham Taylor, commenting on the Illinois 
victory, says: "If for no other reason, political necessity 
will compel every state in the Union to follow Illinois in 
legislating votes to women. The balance of power in the 
National Convention of every party has been disturbed by 
the act of this first of the great states to make women presi- 
dential electors. The number of votes, and not the census 
of population, will surely determine the number of delegates 
to which each state is entitled in the national conventions. 
Illinois has added 1,500,000 citizens who are eligible to vote, 
by enfranchising all its women. Illinois, therefore, could 
send up to the National Convention of every one of its parties, 
an increased delegation in proportion to this huge gain. If 
New York continues to restrict its suffrage to men, the 
men and women voters of Illinois will send enough repre- 
sentatives to their party conventions to outvote the Empire 
State. The pressure upon the most reactionary state would 
appeal so strongly to its political self-interest, if not to its 
instinct of political self-preservation, that every such state 
would be almost compelled to come into line. So this suf- 
frage reform seems bound to go forward to the limit set by 
Illinois." 

This astute diagnosis of the situation created by the step 
Illinois has taken shows that political expediency will bring 
states into line that cannot be constrained by sense of justice 
to women. 

In those states where there is no possibility of procur- 
ing full suffrage at present, this potent fraction of en- 
franchisement might be obtained. And a bill for presidential 
suffrage might well be submitted to the legislatures of those 
states now contemplating campaigns for full suffrage, in order 
to test the sincerity of politicians and gauge popular sup- 
port. If such a bill passes, it will greatly increase the 
possibility of success by popular vote for full suffrage. If it 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 51 

should fail, it would prove that the demand for full suffrage 
is premature, and that more complete organization and more 
extensive education should precede an appeal for constitu- 
tional amendment, thereby saving a great amount of mis- 
spent energy and financial loss. 

This measure has an important bearing on the question 
of obtaining an amendment to the Federal Constitution for 
the enfranchisement of all women in the United States. Such 
an act is now pending in Congress, and when passed by a 
two-thirds vote, must be endorsed by three-fourths of the 
States. Legislatures that have been educated up to granting 
presidential suffrage will not fail to support the national 
amendment for full suffrage ; while those states that have 
not reached this degree of political evolution may be de- 
pended upon to vote against it. This brings to the endeavors 
of any state to obtain presidential suffrage the inspiration 
of the possibility that it may be, in a close contest, the 
pivotal state that shall pass the amendment to the national 
Constitution enfranchising all the women of the United States, 
and thus hasten political equality for women throughout the 
world. 

Is it not good political tactics to proceed along the lines 
of least resistance, and bring our energies to bear upon 
our legislatures, for the measure of political privilege most 
potent, and at the same time most easily procured? 

The hour has struck for the practical application of this 
great principle, imbedded in our national Constitution, and 
so long unrecognized and unappreciated. It is in accordance 
with the twentieth century spirit of scientific efficiency, the 
maximum of result with the minimum of effort. 

Elizabeth Upham Yates, 
Chairman. 

REPORT OF CHURCH WORK COMMITTEE. 

The members of this Committee report a marked in- 
crease of interest in Woman Suffrage among the churches 
and church organizations. It is no longer difficult to find 
plenty of opportunities to bring the subject before them, 



52 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

and the requests for speakers on Woman Suffrage, as re- 
lated to practical church work, are more frequent than can 
be accepted. And it is only because of the apathy of our 
church women and their indifference to the importance of 
this field of work, that the great religious organizations are 
not all committed to our Cause and pledged to support it 
along with other reform measures they are studying as social 
problems which the churches must help to solve. 

The churches are freely opened to-day for the discussion 
of the problems of temperance, child-labor, pure food and 
the White Slave traffic, all subjects of vital interest to 
women, and the solution of which will depend largely upon 
the women's vote in making and enforcing legislation. The 
Anti-Saloon League, headed by hundreds of clergymen, is 
the "Church in Action." It is a vision of human brother- 
hood, and the church freely opens its doors to them and not 
only indorses their reform work but, last year, financed it 
by contributions amounting to $75,000.00. Why should not 
the Woman Suffrage reform, that would bring two-thirds 
more power to this movement, through the votes of the 
women of the churches, receive the same co-operation and 
support from the churches? 

The answer is plainly: "Because of the apathy of the 
women in demanding it!" 

Women have always been the mainstay and support of 
the churches, and when the women become sufficiently broad- 
minded and far-seeing and awake to a realization of their 
duty and their power, they will demand equal representa- 
tion in church and state, and full power to do their part in 
the world's work which they now are hindered from doing 
through disfranchisement in both church and state. The 
church is beginning to realize that the primary mission of 
the church is to deal with all those problems of human life 
that involve health, wages, sanitation, child-labor, the sup- 
pression of vice and the saloon evil ; all of which in our 
dealings with our fellowmen present new applications of 
the Golden Rule and new conceptions of the social aspect 
of religion and its application to everyday life. 

Under this quickening of church interest in moral and 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 53 

social questions we find it an auspicious time to introduce 
the subject of Woman Suffrage and its relations to the 
great moral and social issues of the day, and the churches 
stand ready to accede to the request of its women on this 
subject. Our Committee has found that the Mothers' Day 
circular letters are the best medium for reaching many 
clergymen and we printed and sent out several thousand of 
these letters again this year. Very many ministers re- 
sponded to our request and preached sermons bearing on the 
need of the mothers' influence in the state. I will quote one 
letter from among many received, to show the spirit aroused 
by our request: 

"I have received your circular letter regarding the ob- 
servation of Mother's Day, and I wish to assure you that 
for the first time I appreciate that the ballot in the hands 
of women would give an added power to our church work, 
and I recognize that the churches have been slow in showing 
an interest in this question which has a more vital bearing 
to-day because of the changed attitude of the churches toward 
the great moral and social questions, in the solution of which 
we need the help of Christian women. I shall preach on 
this subject on Mother's Day, and, in addition, I have writ- 
ten on the subject for our next church paper and have taken 
a bold stand for Woman Suffrage. 

I have also invited Mrs. Jenny L. Hardy, who is a 
strong advocate of your cause, to address our Men's League 
on Sunday evening, April 24th. 

Cordially yours, 

W. B. Hertzog, 
First Baptist Church, Tecumseh, Mich." 

Mrs. Royden Douglas, State Chairman for Louisiana, 
sent Mother's Day circulars to all the clergymen of New 
Orleans, and met with a liberal response. She also ar-» 
ranged for a meeting in one of the leading Methodist 
churches in New Orleans, at which your Chairman spoke to 
a conservative and critical audience. And, although it was 
the first time that the subject of Woman Suffrage had ever 
been presented, it was most favorably received and was en- 
dorsed by the meeting. 



54 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

One of the New Orleans clergymen who preached on 
Mother's Day, the Rev. Chas. T. Alexander, said in part: 

"Whatever may be our views regarding the wisdom of 
woman entering the field of political responsibility by the 
side of man, he who can read the future must see that the 
day is not far distant when she will possess the ballot in 
every state in this American Union. . . . The ballot is 
not the panacea for all ills, though it often is the mightiest 
factor in the accomplishment of reforms that can only come 
through the enactment and enforcement of law. And I might 
say that we, as Baptists, ought to be the last people on 
earth to oppose the right of the ballot for women of our 
land. We are taught, from our infancy, that the church of 
Christ is essentially a pure democracy, in which every mem- 
ber stands on an absolutely equal footing of privilege and 
responsibility before God. The majority voice, when ex- 
pressed in common conference, is, with us, the voice of au- 
thority in all ecclesiastical matters ; and in our conferences 
all men and women alike have the privilege and responsi- 
bility of voting. We believe in and practice the equality 
of rights of men and women in matters ecclesiastical, and 
it is one source of our strength. The further application 
of equal political rights to women would be no more than 
an extension of the principle for which we have stood through 
all our history." 

Mrs. Mina Wilson Dewey, Chairman for Iowa, went be- 
fore the Des Moines Ministerial Association during the ses- 
sion of the last Legislature, and asked them for four things. 
First, that each Minister would preach on Woman Suffrage 
on Sunday, February the 9th. Second, that each Minister 
would select three of his most influential members, and that 
they might go personally to their own Representatives and 
Senators and any others that they might know and talk 
personally for Suffrage. Third, that they would select six 
other influential members who might not be able to go in 
person, but who would write to as many members in the 
Legislature as they knew. On February 3rd at their monthly 
meeting the Des Moines Ministerial Association, which in- 
cluded all the denominations of the city, did endorse Suffrage 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 55 

most heartily, and at least some half dozen Ministers preached 
on the subject directly after. 

Among the members of the Church Work Committee are 
a number of women ministers who are peculiarly fitted to 
help us in this church work. There are also, in addition, 
about 4,000 women ministers in various parts of our country, 
most of whom are advocates of Woman Suffrage. For all 
those whose duties, as ministers, deaconesses, settlement 
workers or mission workers, require a study of conditions in 
our cities, and who meet men and women of misfortune, 
the victims of bad social conditions, cannot fail to arrive 
at the conclusion that, while the vote is not a panacea for 
all social ills, it is an indispensable tool. 

Mrs. Emeline Burlingame Cheney, of Michigan, for 
ten years President of the National Free Baptist Woman's 
Missionary Society, became convinced that women as a dis- 
franchised class were powerless to carry on efficient mission 
and reform work. She, therefore, printed a leaflet entitled, 
"An Appeal to Women's Missionary Societies Urging Church 
Women to Support Woman Suffrage as a Step Toward More 
Efficient Missionary Work." Through the courtesy of Mrs. 
Cheney, our Committee has had several thousand of these 
leaflets printed and distributed among missionary societies 
in the churches. 

This broadening that is encouragingly apparent among 
the women's church organizations, is made manifest in the 
policy of other great religious bodies. At a recent meeting 
of the general conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
in America, the greater part of the session was given over 
to the discussion of social problems and the duty of the 
churches toward them, which resulted in a resolution stating 
that "The Methodist Church stands for equal rights and com- 
plete justice for all men in all stations of life." 

What better opportunity could women ask than this 
invitation to press their claim for the consideration and sup- 
port of Woman Suffrage by the Methodist Church? 

In like manner the Federal Council of the Church of 
Christ in America, representing thirty-three denominations 
and 40,000,000 adherents, at its last conference declared it 



56 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

the duty of all Christian people to concern themselves in the 
solution of such problems as involve specific social subjects 
which should claim their attention and support; but Woman 
Suffrage, not being adequately presented by the women, was 
not included among them. 

Most of the large church organizations have made spe- 
cial departments of church work and have appointed com- 
mittees to make a systematic study of present day social, 
industrial and economic problems with a view of bringing 
about a truer, saner and safer understanding on the part of 
religious bodies. This gives the women an opportunity that 
should not be neglected. 

The Catholic clergy as leaders of thought among the 
people, hold immense power for influencing public sentiment 
and shaping the destiny of communities and thus helping 
to solve the problems of laboring men and women. Upon 
the women of the Catholic Church rests the responsibility 
of arousing their clergy to the significance of the ballot in 
the hands of women as a potent factor in righting wrongs 
and bettering conditions in the industrial world. With the 
great Catholic Church on the side of Woman Suffrage and 
the Protestant and Jewish churches aslo committed to it, 
our battle would be speedily won. 

Prof. James C. Monaghan, ex-Consul to Germany and 
former professor of history and economics of the University 
of Wisconsin and at the University of Notre Dame, at a 
meeting of St. Catherine's Welfare Society at New York, 
said: "Don't listen to the rubbish they say about the ballot 
endangering the home. What are the things that endanger 
the home most? Rum and white slavery. The latter is a 
new evil that has come to us through the immigrant office. 
Those are the greatest dangers to the home. The woman 
casting her vote is not going to hurt it. The women take 
up quarterly offerings in our churches; there is a great deal 
of hard work about it; it is a good thing; I believe in giving 
to the support of the church; but in taking that offering 
the women work much harder than they wili in casting their 
vote once a year. This is a sacred cause and as much a 
part of progress as any we have. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 57 

In order to secure the weapons to obtain these much 
needed reforms, our constructive program should include full 
citizenship for women." 

Other Catholic clergymen who have come out in favor 
of Woman Suffrage are: Archbishop John L. Spaulding; 
Bishop Bernard J. McQuaid ; Bishop James J. Keane, of 
Wyoming; Rev. Joseph M. Gleason, of California; Rev. Ed- 
ward McSweeney, of Mt. St. Mary, Washington; Rev. John 
H. McMahon, of Our Lady of Lourdes, New York; Rev. 
Geo. S. Searle, of California; Rev. James J. McKeever, of 
New Jersey, who has consented to act on the advisory board 
of the Woman's Political Union of Jersey City. 

Large numbers of Jewish young women are also becom- 
ing interested in this movement and many are members of 
our association. Already some of the ablest of the rabbis 
have openly spoken in favor of Woman Suffrage. 

On Mother's Day in Chicago, Dr. Emil Hirsch, of Sinai 
Temple, spoke on Woman Suffrage. 

Professor Rauschenbusch, in his book, "Christianity and 
the Social Crisis," says: "There is probably no social wrong 
of our times so strongly seated that it could resist the 
united and persistent attack of the churches." 

Fellow workers, we are a band of religious women ; our 
ranks are made up of Protestant, Catholic, Jewish, Greek, 
Buddhist and Armenian; all of us believing in that special 
religion or creed that most helps us in so far as it uplifts 
and strengthens us and inspires us to think rightly, to live 
nobly and to do our work faithfully. It is, however, one 
thing to think religiously, and quite another to act religiously. 
Our great Cause needs not only professions but activities. 

Can we not, this coming year, make a more united ef- 
fort through state and local committees to arouse the church 
women to demand the recognition of our work by the churches 
and their co-operation? 

Respectfully submitted, 

Mary E. Craigie, 
Chairman. 



58 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Mrs. Harry Hastings, New York, 

Mrs. J. Hyams Douglas, Louisiana, 

Mrs. A. M. Harrison, Kentucky, 

Mrs. M. B. Folsom, Michigan, 

Dr. Nina Wilson Dewey, Iowa, 

Mrs. John H. Farraday, New Jersey, 

Mrs. Wilhelmina Sharp, Delaware, 

Mrs. Henry L. Cloud, Oklahoma, 

Mrs. C. M. Miller, Washington, 

Mrs. J. J. Ansley, Georgia, 

?vtrs. Mary McH. Keith, California, 

Rev. Jeannette O. Ferris, Oregon, 

Rev. Mary G. Andrews, Nebraska, 

Mrs. Annette Parmelee, Vermont, 

Rev Ada C Bowles, Massachusetts, 

Miss Martha C Kimball, New Hampshire, 

Miss Grace W Reilly, Tennessee, 

Mrs. Julia B. Nelson, Minnesota, 

Mrs. Edward Peach, Maryland, 

Miss Anna Ebner, Ohio, 

Mrs. Lydia K. Andrews, Nebraska, 

Mrs. Ada M. Greenwell, Arizona, 

Members of the Committee. 



REPORT OF CONGRESSIONAL WORK.* 

1. SITUATION IN CONGRESS: 

(a) Senate and House Joint Resolution Number One 

introduced in Congress April 7, 1913. 

(b) Majority Woman Suffrage Committee secured in 

Senate. 

(c) Woman Suffrage Committee of Senate voted on 

May 14th to report the Resolution favorably. 



* This report combines the work of the Congressional Committee 
of the National Association and the work of the Congressional Union 
which was organized by Miss Paul to assist the work of the committee. 
Miss Paul stated to the Convention that the reports were inseparable. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 59 

(d) Woman Suffrage Committee of Senate submitted 

on June 13th a unanimous favorable report to the 
Senate. 

(e) On July 31st, twenty-two Senators spoke in favor 

of the Suffrage Resolution, and three against it. 

(f) On September 18th Senator Jones spoke on the floor 

of the Senate in favor of the Suffrage Resolution, 
and asked for immediate action upon it. 
On the same day Senator Ashurst announced on 
the floor of the Senate that he would press the 
measure to a vote at the earliest possible moment. 

(g) Three Resolutions were introduced in the House 

for the creation of a Woman Suffrage Committee. 
These Resolutions were referred to the Rules 
Committee, 
(h) Present Status: 

Suffrage Resolution is awaiting third reading in the 
Senate, and is before the Judiciary Committee in 
the House. Resolutions for creation of Suffrage 
Committee in the House are still before the Rules 
Committee. 

Work Carried on in Effort to Aid in Passage of the Amend- 
ment. 

1. Headquarters opened in Washington, January 2, 1913. 

2. Hearings Arranged: 

(a) Before the Woman Suffrage Committee of Senate. 

(b) Before Rules Committee of the House when mem- 

bers of National Council of Women Voters were 
the speakers. 

(c) Before Rules Committee during the present Con- 

vention. 

3. Processions : 

(a) March 3, when from 8,000 to 10,000 women partici- 

pated. 

(b) April 7, when one woman from each Congressional 

district in the country went to Congress with peti- 
tions and resolutions from her district. 



60 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

(c) July 31, when an automobile procession met the 
Pilgrims who had come from all parts of the 
country, and escorted them through the streets of 
Washington to the United States Senate. This 
procession was headed by an automobile in which 
rode a number of members of the Suffrage Com- 
mittee of the Senate. 

4. Pilgrimages : 

Pilgrimages coming from all parts of the country and 
extending over the month of July, or part of July, were 
organized last summer, there being about twelve pil- 
grimages in all. These pilgrimages all ended in Wash- 
ington on July 31st, when approximately 200,000 sig- 
natures to petitions were presented to the Senate. 

5. Deputations : 

Three deputations to the President were organized 
immediately preceding the calling of the special session 
of Congress in order to ask the President to give the 
administration support to suffrage during the special ses- 
sion. One of these deputations was from the National 
Association, one from the College Suffrage League, and 
one from the National Council of Women Voters. 

On November 17th a fourth deputation, composed of 
73 women from New Jersey, was sent to the President 
in order to urge him to take up suffrage during the 
regular session of Congress. 

6. Conventions : 

Local arrangements were made for the Convention of 
the National Council of Women Voters and the Conven- 
tion of the National American Woman Suffrage As- 
sociation. 

7. Summer Campaigns: 

(a) A campaign under a salaried organizer was con- 
ducted through the resort regions of New Jersey, Long 
Island, and Rhode Island, during the months of July, 
August and September. 

('b) A campaign under a salaried organizer was con- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 61 

ducted through New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland 
during the month of July. 

(c) A month's campaign was carried on in North 
Carolina. As a result of this campaign a suffrage or- 
ganization was, for the first time, started in North 
Carolina. 

8. New Jersey Campaign: 

A month's campaign was carried on in New Jersey 
which culminated in the deputation of 73 New Jersey 
women to the President. 

9. Delaware Headquarters: 

On September 1st permanent headquarters were 
opened in Wilmington, in charge of a salaried organizer, 
and since that time a vigorous campaign has been car- 
ried on in Delaware in the attempt to influence the at- 
titude of the Senators and the Representatives from 
that state. 

10. Press : 

A salaried press chairman has been employed through- 
out the year, who has furnished daily press copy to the 
local papers, to the Washington correspondents of the 
various papers throughout the country, and to all of 
the telegraphic bureaus in Washington. 

11. Literature: 

Approximately 120,000 pieces of literature have been 
printed and distributed. 

12. Suffragist: 

A weekly paper, under the editorship of Mrs. Rheta 
Childe Dorr, was established on November 15th. This 
now has a paid circulation list of about 1,200 names, and 
is self-supporting from its advertisements. 

13. Men's League: 

A men's league was organized, General Anson Mills, 
U. S. A., being the temporary, and Dr. Harvey W. Wiley 
the permanent chairman. A large number of Congress- 
men are members. 



62 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

14. Meetings : 

Eight theatre meetings, exclusive of those during the 
Convention, have been held in Washington. Smaller 
meetings both indoor and out have been held almost 
daily, and frequently as many as five or ten meetings a 
day have been held. 

15. Tableau : 

A tableau was given on the Treasury steps at the time 
of the Suffrage procession of March 3rd, under the 
direction of Miss Hazel Mackaye. 

16. Play: 

A suffrage play was given. 

17. Social Events: 

Two banquets, a reception, and a luncheon were given. 

18. Money Raising Events: 

A benefit and a luncheon were given, for the purpose 
of raising funds. 

19. Participation in Events of Other Societies: 

(a) A delegation in two special cars went to New 
York for the procession of May 3rd. 

(b) An even larger delegation went to Baltimore for 
the procession of May 31st. 

(c) The suffrage play given in Washington was re- 
produced in Baltimore for the benefit of one of the suf- 
frage societies there. 

(d) A week's campaign was conducted in the four 
southern counties of Maryland prior to the primary elec- 
tion, at the request of one of the Maryland Societies. 

(e) Speakers have been supplied for a large number 
of meetings in Maryland and Virginia. 

20. The Congressional Union was formed during the latter 
part of April. It now numbers over a thousand members. 

Alice Paul, 
Chairman of Congressional Committee; 
President of Congressional Union. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 63 

FINANCIAL STATEMENT OF CONGRESSIONAL WORK. 
Receipts from December 7, 1912, to December 31, 1913 

Advertisements $768.25 

Contributions and Collections 12,597.79 

Membership Fees to Congressional Union 248.75 

Miscellaneous 192.30 

Other Organizations: Sale of Tickets for Meetings of Other 
Suffrage Societies, Collections Made for Other Organi- 
zations, Subscriptions Secured to the Woman's Journal. 1,069.12 

Sale of Costumes for Procession, Play and Tableaux 1,485.39 

Sale of Literature, Programs, Pennants, Buttons, Etc 2,453.16 

Sale of Tickets for Meetings, Procession, Play, Luncheon, 

Etc 7,933.27 

Subscriptions to "The Suffragist" 629.96 

Gross Receipts $27,377.99 

Expenditures from December 7, 1912, to December 31, 1913 

Banquet, March 1, 1913 (Catering, Decorations. Tickets, 

Miss Vernon, Manager) $107.50 

Campaign in New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland, for the 
Month of July (Salary and Traveling Expenses of Or- 
ganizer, Expenses of Meetings, Etc.; Miss Marsden, 
Manager 208.69 

Campaign in New Jersey, Long Island and Rhode Island 
During July, August and September (Salary and Travel- 
ing Expenses of Organizer, Expenses of Meetings, Etc.) 377.01 

Congressional Union Dues to National American Woman 

Suffrage Association 43.60 

Demonstration, April 7 (Bands for Procession, Rent of The- 
atre, Banners, Advertising, Printing, Expenses of 
Speaker at Meeting, Decoration of Theatre) 674.49 

Demonstration, July 31 (Automobiles for Procession, Ban- 
ners, Petitions, Advertising, Printing, Banquet at Hotel 
Brighton) 1,028.86 

Delaware Headquarters, September 1 to December 31 (Rent 
of Headquarters, Salary of Organizer, Rent of Halls for 
Meetings, Advertising Meetings, Office Expenses) 488.18 

Entertainment of Convention of National American Woman 
Suffrage Association (Rent of Halls, Badges, Advertis- 
ing, Printing, Hospitality) 1,440.55 

Entertainment of Convention, National Council of Women 
Voters (Rent of Halls, Advertising, Badges, Printing, 
Traveling Expenses of Speaker, Etc.) 761.83 



64 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Expressage and Hauling 13.92 

Judge Lindsey Meeting (Rent of Hall, Advertising, Etc.) . . . 176.93 

Literature 1,079.59 

Miscellaneous 304.90 

New Jersey Deputation to President Wilson, Nov. 16 (Rent 
of Theatre, Decoration of Theatre, Advertising Meeting, 

Traveling Expenses of Speaker for Meeting) 153.87 

Office Expenses (Janitor, Messengers, Card Catalogue, Ink, 

Erasers, Pens, Etc.) 384.77 

Office Furnishing 65.26 

Other Societies: 
Transferred to — 

Collected for Michigan Campaign $2.00 

For Ohio Flood Sufferers 5.00 

Subscriptions Forwarded to Woman's Journal... 6.25 
Tickets Sold and Boxes Taken for Carnegie Hall 
Meeting, N. Y., at Close of N. Y. Proces- 
sion; for Metropolitan Meeting, N. Y., Pre- 
ceding N. Y. Procession; for Lyric Theatre 
Meeting, Following Baltimore Procession; 
for benefit given by Stanton Club of D. C, 
for benefit given by D. C. Suffrage Associa- 
tion; for Mrs. Pankhurst's Columbia Thea- 
tre Meeting 947.27 

Expenses Incurred For — 

Donation to Michigan Campaign $25.00 

Formation D. C. Men's League 56.38 

Department Woman Suffrage League; Alexandria 
Co., Va., Court House Meeting; Production 
of Suffrage Play for Maryland Just Govt. 
League; Expenses in Connection Pankhurst 

Meeting 153.00 1,194.90 

Press Department (Salary of Chairman, Messenger Boy 

Photographs, Mimeographing Press Bulletin) 

Printing and Duplicating 

Procession Rally, Columbia Theatre, March 3 

Procession, March 3, 1913: 

Automobiles $140.00 

Bands 1,739.50 

Banners 1,026.05 

Cavalry 110.10 

Costumes 3,249.75 

Floats 907.11 

Hauling and Storage 36.25 

Meeting at Close of Procession (Rent of Hall, 

Decorations and Advertising) 134.25 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 65 

Pennants 455.00 

Regalia 73.95 

Traveling Expenses 150.00 8,021.90 

Programs 1,031.25 

Rent of Headquarters 1,026.25 

Rent (Additional for Meetings) 39.00 

Stamps 451.70 

Stationery (Office Routine) 83.91 

Stenographers, Typists, Typing Machines 1,886.69 

Suffrage Luncheon, Oct. 1 to 4 (Rent of Furniture, Dishes, 
Wages of Servants, Purchase of Food Supplies, Gas, 

Electric Light, Advertising, Printing, Etc.) 481.72 

Suffrage Play, May 20 (Rent of Theatre, Costumes, Scenery, 
Orchestra, Advertising, Stage Props., Electrician, Stage 

Hands and Ushers) 534.13 

Suffrage School, Dec. 8 to 20 (Rent of Hall, Programs, Ad- 
vertising, Printing) 101.00 

"Suffragist, The" (Printing, Engraving, Salary Business Man- 
ager, Assistant Manager, Stationery, Postage, Wrapping, 

Addressing, Etc.) 892.11 

Telephone and Telegrams 488.14 

Tableaux on Treasury Steps, March 3 (Costumes, Scenery, 
Music, Stage Props., Traveling Expenses of Partici- 
pants Expenses in Connection with Grandstand) 1,172.40 

Traveling and Other Expenses of Suffrage Workers 998.45 

Gross Expenditures $27,352.35 

Balance on Hand Dec. 31, 1913 25.64 



$27,377.99 
I have examined the Receipts and Disbursements as shown in 

the above account and have found them correct; the Disbursements 

being supported by proper vouchers. 

Total Amount Received $27,: 

Total Amount Disbursed as Follows: 

By Mrs. M. M. Lockwood, Treasurer $12,546.70 

By Miss E. M. Gillett, Treas. Joint Inaugural Com. 13,986 
By Miss Paul, Chairman of Congressional Com. 819.11 

27,352.35 



Leaving a Balance of $25.64 

JNO. C. ATHUR, 

Auditor and Accountant. 
January 31, 1914. 



66 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



RECEIPTS AND DISBURSEMENTS 

of the 

Congressional Committee of the National American Woman 

Suffrage Association 

(Account in Name of Alice Paul) 
Receipts Expenditures 

Sale of Tickets $20.00 Rent of Headquarters $60.00 

Sale of Literature 165.28 Stenographers and Type'rs. 59.75 

Contributions and Collec'ns 658.11 Office Expenses 27.25 

Press 9.54 

Literature '. 1.50 

Telephone and Telegrams. 19.90 

Printing and Duplicating. . 17.50 

Stationery 10.68 

Stamps 69.54 

Costumes for Procession... 100.00 

Hauling and Expressage. . . 2.25 

Traveling and Living Exp.. 441.20 

Transfer to Cong. Union.. 24.28 



$843.39 Total Expenditure $843.39 

I have examined the receipts and disbursements as shown in the 
above account, and have found them correct; the disbursements being 
supported by proper vouchers. 

JNO. C. ATHUR, 

Auditor and Accountant. 
January 31, 1914. 



EXPENDITURES 

Joint Inaugural Procession — March, 1913 
(E. M. Gillett, Treasurer) 

Banquet, March 1, 1913 (Catering, Decorations and Tickets). 

Entertainment of Convention of National American Woman 
Suffrage Association (Rent of Halls, Badges, Advertis- 
ing, Printing and Hospitality) 

Literature 

Miscellaneous 

Office Expenses (Janitor, Messenger, Card Catalogues, Ink, 
Erasers, Pens, Etc.) 



$107.50 



200.00 
834.67 
248.56 

172.13 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 67 

Other Societies: 
Expenses Incurred For — 

Donation to Michigan Campaign $25.00 

Formation D. C. Men's League 38.00 

63.00 

Procession Rally, Columbia Theatre, March 3 210.00 

Procession, March 3, 1913: 

Automobiles $140.00 

Bands 1,739.50 

Banners 1,026.05 

Cavalry 110.10 

Costumes 3,149.75 

Floats 907.15 

Hauling and Storage 36.25 

■Meeting at Close of Procession (Rent of 

Hall, Decorations, Advertising) 134.25 

Pennants 455.00 

Regalia 73.95 

Traveling Expenses 150.00 7,922.00 

Programs 1,031.25 

Press Department (Salary of Press Chairman, Messenger 

Boy, Photographs, Mimeographing Press Bulletin).... 43.55 

Printing and Duplicating 676.02 

Rent of Headquarters 325.00 

Rent (Additional for Meetings) 39.00 

Stamps (Office Routine) 230.94 

Stationery (Office Routine) 6.30 

Stenographers, Typists, Typewriting Machines 583.05 

Tableaux on Treasury Steps, March 3 (Costumes, Scenery, 
Music, Stage Properties, Traveling Expenses of Partici- 
pants, Expenses in Connection with Grandstand) 1,172.40 

Telephone and Telegrams 121.17 

$13,986.54 
Transfer to Congressional Union Fund 919.54 



$14,906.08 



I have examined the receipts and disbursements as shown in the 
above account, and have found them correct; the disbursements being 
supported by proper vouchers. 

JNO. C ATHUR, 

Auditor and Accountant. 
January 31, 1914. 



68 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

RECEIPTS 
Joint Inaugural Procession Fund — March, 1913 

(E. M. Gillett, Treasurer) 

Sale of Tickets $3,643.51 

Literature, Regalias, Pennants and Programs 1,783.82 

Contributions and Collections 7,378.89 

Sale of Costumes 1,472.64 

Advertisements 527.75 

Miscellaneous 99.47 



$14,906.08 

EXPENDITURES 
Congressional Union, March 29 — December 31, 1913 

(Mrs. Annette W. Bayley and Mrs. Mary Morris Lockwood, 
Treasurers) 

Banners and Regalia $69.62 

Campaign Under Miss Vernon in New Jersey, Delaware and 
Maryland, During July (Salary and Traveling Expenses 

of Organizer, Expenses of Meeting, Etc.) 208.69 

Campaign Under Miss Marsden in New Jersey, Long Island 
and Rhode Island, During July, August and September 
Salary and Traveling Expenses of Organizer, Expenses 

of Meetings, Etc.) 377.01 

Delaware Headquarters, Sept. 1 to Dec. 31 (Rent of Head- 
quarters, Salary of Organizer, Rent of Halls for Meet- 
ings, Advertising Meetings, Office Expenses) 488.18 

Demonstration of April 7 (Bands for Procession, Rent of 
Theatre, Banners, Advertising, Printing, Expenses of 

Speaker at Meeting, Decoration of Theatre) 674.49 

Demonstration of July 31 (Automobile for Procession, Ban- 
ners, Petition, Advertising, Printing, Banquet at Hotel 

Brighton) 1,028.86 

Entertainment of Convention, National Council of Women 
Voters (Rent of Hall, Advertising, Badges, Printing, 

Traveling Expenses of Speaker, Etc.) 761.83 

Entertainment of Convention of National Aberican Woman 
Suffrage Association (Rent of Halls, Badges, Advertis- 
ing, Printing, Hospitality) 1,240.55 

Expressage and Hauling 11.67 

Judge Lindsey Meeting (Rent of Hall, Advertising, Etc.) . . 176.93 

Literature 173.80 

Miscellaneous 56.84 

New Jersey Deputation to President Wilson, Nov. 16 (Rent 
of Theatre, Decoration of Theatre, Advertising of Meet- 
ing, Traveling Expenses of Speaker for Meeting) .153.87 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Office Furnishing 65. 2G 

Office Expenses (Janitor, Messenger, Card Catalogues, Ink, 

Erasers, Pens, Etc.) 185.39 

Other Societies: 

Transferred to — 

Collected from Michigan Campaign $2.00 

Collected for Ohio Flood Sufferers 5.00 

Subscriptions Forwarded to Woman's Journal.. 6.25 
Tickets Sold and Boxes Taken for Carnegie Hall 
Meeting, N. Y., at the Close of N. Y. Pro- 
cession; for Metropolitan Opera House 
Meeting, N. Y., preceding N. Y. Procession; 
for Lyric Theatre Meeting Following Balti- 
more Procession; for Benefit Given by Stan- 
ton Club of District of Columbia; for Benefit 
Given by District of Columbia Suffrage As- 
sociation; for Mrs. Pankhurst's Columbia 

Theatre Meeting 947.27 

Expenses Incurred For — 

Formation of District of Columbia Men's League 18.38 

Department Women's Suffrage League, Alexandria 
Co., Va., Court House Meeting; Production of 
Suffrage Play for Maryland's Just Govern- 
ment League; Expenses in Connection with 
Pankhurst Meeting 153.00 1,131.90 



$6,804.39 



Other Societies (Continued): 

"Suffragist, The" (Printing, Engraving, Salary Business 
Manager and Assistant Manager, Stationery, Post- 
age, Wrapping and Addressing, etc) 892.11 

Congressional Union Dues to the National American Wo- 
man Suffrage Association 43.60 

Printing and Duplicating 147.53 

Press Department (Salary of Press Chairman, Messenger 

Boy, Photographs, Mimeographing Press Bulletin 534.65 

Rent of Headquarters 641.25 

Stationery (Office Routine) 66.93 

Stamps (Office Routine) 151.22 

Stenographers, Typists, Typewriters, Etc 1,243.85 

Suffrage Play, May 20 (Rent of Theatre, Costumes, Orches- 
tra, Advertising, Stage Properties, Electrician, Stage 

Hands, and Ushers) 534.13 

Suffrage Luncheon, Oct. 1 to 4 (Rent of Furniture and 
Dishes, Wages of Servants, Purchase of Food Supplies, 
Gas, Electric Light, Advertising, Printing, Etc.) 481.72 



70 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Suffrage School, Dec. 8 to 20 (Rent of Hall, Programs, Ad- 
vertising, Printing) 101.00 

Traveling and Other Expenses of Suffrage Workers 557.25 

Telephone and Telegrams 347.07 

$12,546.70 

By Balance 25.64 



$12,572.34 

I have examined the receipts and disbursements as shown in the 

above account, and have found them correct; the disbursements being 

supported by proper vouchers. 

JNO. C. ATHUR, 

Auditor and Accountant. 
January 31, 1914. 

RECEIPTS 
Congressional Union from March 29, 1913 to December 31, 1913 

(Mrs. Annette W. Bayley and Mrs. Mary Morris Lockwood, 

Treasurers) 

Advertisements $240.50 

Congressional Union Membership Dues 248.75 

Contributions and Collections 4,560.79 

Literature, Pennants, Buttons and Programs 504.06 

Miscellaneous 92.83 

Other Organizations: 

Sale of Tickets for Meetings of Other Suffrage Societies, 
Collections Made for Other Organizations, Subscrip- 
tions Secured for Woman's Journal 1,069.12 

Sale of Costumes 12.75 

Subscriptions to "The Suffragist" 629.96 

Sale of Tickets 4,269.76 

$11,628.52 

Transfer from Procession Fund 919.54 

Transfer from Congressional Committee Fund 24.28 



$12,572.34 

REPORT OF RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE 

We, the National American Woman Suffrage Association 
at our Forty-fifth Annual Convention in the City of Washing- 
ton assembled, reaffirm our belief in the justice, expediency 
and necessity of extending the franchise to women. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 71 

We rejoice in the securing of full franchise by the women 
of Alaska, and of greatly increased franchise by the women 
of Illinois. 

We consecrate ourselves anew to the work of this great 
cause. 

Hence be it 

RESOLVED— That the N. A. W. S. A. calls upon the 
U. S. Senate to pass immediately Senate Joint Resolution No. 
1, proposing an amendment to the Federal Constitution en- 
franchising women. 

RESOLVED— That the X, A. W. S. A. calls upon the 
Rules Committee of the House of Represetatives to make an 
immediate and favorable report on the proposition to create 
a Woman Suffrage Committee in the United States House of 
Representatives. 

RESOLVED — That, believing there is no question of 
greater importance to the people of the United States than that 
of the political freedom of its women, the N. A. W. S. A. 
urges the President of our nation to adopt as an Administra- 
tion measure the submission to the states of an amendment 
to the U. S. Constitution enfranchising women and asks that 
he include in his next message a recommendation for the pas- 
sage of the pending suffrage resolution. 

RESOLVED— That the N. A. W. S. A. urges such legis- 
lation by Congress as is necessary to protect the rights of 
citizenship of American women who marry unnaturalized for- 
eigners. 

RESOLVED — That the appreciation of the convention 
be extended to the Commissioner of the District of Columbia, 
to the Congressional Union and the Woman Suffrage Associa- 
tion of the District of Columbia, for their cordial welcome to 
the delegates, to the Committee on Local Arrangements, to 
the National Men's League, to those Senators and Congress- 
men who have aided us in the convention and in the halls of 
Congress, and to every co-worker who has helped to make 
this convention a great and complete success. We also extend 
our thanks to the press. 

Helen Brewster Owens, 
Chairman. 



72 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

REPORT OF THE ELECTIONS COMMITTEE 

The hours of voting shall be from one to six P. M. Wed- 
nesday. 

There shall be election booths in convenient locations out- 
side convention hall. 

There shall be three shifts of election officers consisting 
of a clerk and two judges. One of the clerks shall be a mem- 
ber of the Credentials Committee and shall have charge of 
the registration book. Voters shall be required to sign their 
names (upon voting) with the clerk in the registration book. 

There shall be a locked ballot box into which folded ballots 
shall be cast. 

The shifts shall serve as election officers for one hour and 
ten minutes each on Wednesday. 

The polls shall close promptly at six o'clock. 

There shall be six tellers appointed by the Chair. 

The results shall be announced and posted before 8 P. M. 

The two names highest in the primary vote for each office 
shall be declared the nominees for that office and shall be 
eligible to election Thursday. 

On behalf of the tellers, all delegates are urged to vote 
before four o'clock. 

Election proper shall take place between nine A. M. and 
two-thirty P. M. Thursday, the rules of the primary applying 
as on Wednesday. 

Caroline Ruutz Rees, 
Chairman. 

RESULTS OF THE ELECTION 

PRIMARY BALLOT 
President Second Vice-President 

Anna Howard Shaw 326 Caroline Ruutz-Rees 141 

Harriet Taylor Upton. . . 4 Mrs - Desha Breckinridge 116 

Recording Secretary 
First Vice-President Susan Fitzgerald 210 

Jane Addams 349 Edith H. Hooker 66 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



73 



Executive Secretary 

Mary Ware Dennett 208 

Ida Porter Boyer 64 

Treasurer 

Katharine D. McCormick 339 
Ruth McCormick 3 



First Auditor 

Harriet B. Laidlaw 166 

Patty Ruffner Jacobs 117 

Second Auditor 
Louise DeK. Bowen.... 283 
Patty R. Jacobs 26 



FINAL BALLOT 



President 

Dr. Shaw 376 

Mrs. Upton 14 

Mrs. Catt 1 



Vice-President 

Miss Addams 391 

Mrs. Catt 1 

Second Vice-President 

Mrs. Breckinridge 250 

Miss Ruutz-Rees 145 

Executive Secretary 

Mrs. Dennett 289 

Mrs. Boyer 110 



Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Fitzgerald 317 

Mrs. Hooker 57 

Mrs. McCormick 2 

Mrs. Boyer 1 

Mrs. Medill McCormick. 5 

Treasurer 

Mrs. Stanley McCormick 376 

Mrs. Medill McCormick. 22 

First Auditor 

Mrs. Laidlaw 265 

Mrs. Jacobs 136 

Second Auditor 

Mrs. Bowen 340 

Mrs. Jacobs 51 



NOTE — After the adoption of the revised constitution 
Miss Caroline Ruutz-Rees was elected third vice-president by 
acclamation. 



REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON SECURING GOVERN- 
MENT DOCUMENTS 

For several years past I have tried to keep one eye on 
such government documents as seemed to me to be useful 
to suffrage work and workers. When campaigns were on in 
a state I have tried to send the State President and other 
workers samples of these documents and explain to them how 
to secure them in large numbers for use in their states. 



74 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

But it is difficult to make people understand the various 
kinds of documents and the fact that some may be had free 
and that others must be paid for. 

It seems to be fixed in the minds of the public that all 
anyone has to do is to write to her Congressman or Senator 
and ask him to send the desired documents. Sometimes, and 
for some documents, this is true; but when a large number 
are wanted for distribution it is not true and you are asking 
the man to present you with that which he has to pay for 
himself. 

A Congressman has to pay the Government for his own 
speech. 

That is to say, the Government charges him so much a 
thousand for printing it and for the paper on which it is 
printed. He is usually generous enough to send a good many 
of these to his own state and sometimes elsewhere, but it is 
not fair to ask it of him when numbers are wanted, for the 
necessary expenses of your Congressman are far heavier than 
ever appear on the surface, and if he is able and willing to send 
you a "sample copy" of his speech which will be helpful to 
you, that is all that should be asked of him. He dislikes ex- 
ceedingly to tell you that the price of it to him is so and so 
and that you are asking him not only to do the work for you 
but to pay for the privilege. 

For example, Mr. Edward T. Taylor of Colorado made an 
exceedingly useful speech on April 24, 1912. It went into the 
Congressional Record and also into one of our hearings. This 
latter document was free, so long as it lasted, for these "hear- 
ings" are supposed to be for the information of the government 
and are ordered printed up to the limit of a small fund for 
that purpose. The limit is usually $500. 

If it is a short document that prints a good many, if a. 
long one, it does not. Generally they strain a point and print 
for us or for those who secure hearings, about ten-thousand 
copies. 

If we want or need more we must pay at the government 
rate for them, but so long as the original government print- 
ing of them holds out your Congressman can get them for 
you free. But, remember, that is never a large number for 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 75 

there are all the states and all the Senators and Representa- 
tives to be supplied from that stock. 

Now, we come to wanting others. The government stock 
is exhausted. 

Having been plated (if that was done) they can be ordered 
and paid for by us in the name of some Congressman who is 
willing to allow the use of his name and franked envelopes 
for your benefit. 

So you are still his debtor for a great courtesy and kind- 
ness even when you pay for the printing and paper that the 
government charges him. But he is generally quite willing 
to do this for you. Any man who is willing to make a speech' 
for us is usually willing to go that much farther — but remem- 
ber, it is a courtesy and that it saves you a tremendous amount 
of money, for government prices to the Congressman, plus 
the use of his franked envelopes, is a saving that is far beyond 
what we realize. The original plating of the speech is his ex- 
pense. Now, to turn to the Taylor speech for the reason that 
we have used more of those than all others combined so far. 

On the kind of paper Congressmen order for themselves 
we have to pay the government $47.95 for the first 5,000 copies 
and $9.05 for each following 1,000. 

On the paper we generally order (called newspaper) it is 
$37.80 for the first 5,000 and $7.05 per 1,000 thereafter. 

Now please to understand this method of reckoning. I've 
had to write literally hundreds of letters to correct the im- 
pression that if a state (or person) has once ordered 5,000 
that thereafter, at any time, they can send checks at the lower 
rate and get the number ordered. 

That is not the case. Every time that the plates have to 
be taken out of storage and rehandled it is called "the first 
5,000" and returns to the higher rate, and any smaller num- 
ber than 5,000 which may be ordered will cost at a higher 
rate. 

BUT, if while you have your plates on the press for this 
"first 5,000" you order other additional thousands the rate de- 
creases, as given. 

During the last spring and summer when Ohio, Kansas, 
Oregon, Michigan, Wisconsin and other 9tates were waging 



76 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

a lively campaign they sent to me constantly for this speech, 
so that altogether over 300,000 of them were sent out by me. 
The state presidents, clubs, men's organizations, individuals 
sent for them. 

You will readily see that had Mr. Taylor tried to respond 
to the calls made for his speech he would have had to borrow 
money to do it with — for his own state demanded so many 
also, which he did try to send and pay for that we kept the 
press pretty busy. 

Now, when two or three states or clubs sent me checks so 
that the orders could all go in at once the cheaper rate thus 
secured resulted in getting a good many more than the num- 
ber expected by each state. 

These I divided pro rata and sent along. They were sent 
(free of cost as to postage) and were in envelopes ready to 
mail, sealed and franked. Of course, you know that the 
frank is used instead of postage and all you have to do is to 
address the envelopes and mail to your voters or workers, 
as you desire. Don't forget under any circumstances why 
they are sealed. There is a fine of $300 for using the frank 
for any other purpose than these government documents and 
the business mail of the men entitled to a frank. So that were 
you to put other matter into those franked envelopes you 
would get into very serious trouble with the postal laws, 
beside getting your Congressman into trouble and losing the 
very great advantage he allowed you. 

If you send to me, and desire as many as 5,000 or more 
make your check either to me or to the Government Printer 
(the latter I prefer) and I will take pleasure in getting the 
permission of the man who made the speech to order them 
in his name and send them to you at the exact government 
rates. If you want only sample copies to decide on whether 
or not to order. I can also see that you get those, and will 
gladly do anything along those lines that I can to aid your 
various campaigns. 

Helen H. Gardner, 
Chairman. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 77 



FACTS FOR DELEGATES 

WHAT THE WORK OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION HAS 
COST DURING THE YEAR 

General Organization Work 

Pay Roll $5,422.96 

Rent 1,800.03 

Postage and Telegrams 386.03 

Telephone 123.31 

Convention and Parade Expenses 760.80 

Office Supplies 397.52 

Miscellaneous 2,410.31 

Total $11,300.96 

Press Bureau 

Pay Roll $2,175.37 

Rent 600.00 

Postage, Supplies, Telephone 343.30 

Press Service and Clippings 231.78 

Miscellaneous 291.88 

Total $3,642.33 

Direct Contributions of Cash and Literature to Campaigns 

Ohio $14.45 

Michigan 904.22 

Arizona 3.35 

Kansas 68.35 

South Dakota 1C0. 00 

Oregon 2.70 

Nevada 500.00 

Nebraska 29.02 

Literature 100.00 

Total $1,722.09 

Field Secretary (For Nine Months) 

Salary $900.00 

Expenses 677.22 

Total $1,577.22 



78 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

LITERATURE AND SUPPLIES 

Pay Roll $3,553.33 

Rent 1,200.00 

Printing 3,048.74 

Supplies and Purchases 3,064.39 

Freight and Express 306.40 

Postage and Advertising 717.32 

Miscellaneous 467.60 



Total Cost $12,357.78 

Total Receipts from Sales $10,797.95 

Unsold Stock 4,050.82 

Uncollected Bills 1,551.12 



Total Receipts $16,399.89 

DEDUCT: Decrease in Stock During Year 4,042.11 



Net Loss $34.07 

Free Literature given to Life and Associate Members $143.74 

RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES 

Annual Pledges at Philadelphia Convention, Nov., 1912 $5,761.61 

Members' Dues, 1912 145.85 

Members' Dues, 1913 , 5,032.35 

Receipts Carnegie Hall Meeting 6,696.71 

General Donations 2,971.03 

Restricted Donations 3,309.12 

Ways and Means Committee 3,415.22 

Literature Sales 10,797.95 

Miscellaneous 607.48 



Total $38,737.32 

Expenditures 

Headquarters General Expenses $11,300.96 

Literature 12,357.78 

Press Bureau 3,642.33 

Woman's Journal Bills Paid 4,842.15 

National Association Bills Paid for 1912 322.96 

Field Secretary (9 Months) 1,577.22 

Official Beard :..... 360.34 

Campaigns 1,622.09 

Ways and Means 1,585.12 



Total $37,610.95 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



79 



WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE REPORT 

Expenses 

Printing $469.25 

Postage 438.07 

Clerical Work 536.53 

Field Collector 103.00 

Miscellaneous 38.27 

Total $1,585.12 

Receipts 

Contributions from Yellow Appeals and Those Received by 

Members of the Ways and Means Committee $3,415.22 

Total $3,415.22 

Balance $1,830.10 



BUDGET FOR 1914 





Rent 


Salaries 


Routine 

Expenses 

(incl. Printing) 


Total 




$1,200.00 


$5,178.00 
(Six People) 


$15,000.00 


$21,378.00 


Press 


600.00 


3,058.00 
(Three People) 


1,200.00 


4,858.00 




General Organiza- 


2,000.00 


5,568.00 
(Four People) 


6,000.00 


13,568.00 


Field Secretary . . 




1,200.00 
(One Person) 


1,000.00 


2,200.00 


Total 


$3,800.00 


$15,004.00 


$23,200.00 


$42,004.00 



Note — If the proposed plan for incorporating the literature de- 
partment is adopted and a sufficient amount of stock is paid in 
and pledged, the entire literature budget can be deducted from the 
total budget, which thereby will be reduced to $20,626.00. 

Note — In estimating the various salaries, the services of certain 
people are divided between two departments. 

Note — The routine expenses include printing, which means not 
only the literature and office printing, but an allowance of $1,000.00 
which is made for printing a monthly statement to some 10,000 
active members of the Association, showing the new publications, 
reporting the progress of the work, giving bits of helpful informa- 
tion for workers, the treasurer's monthly statement, etc. 



80 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Note — This budget plans for a partial reorganization of the 
work of the office staff, the most important part of which is de- 
voting the time of one person exclusively to the securing and 
editing of data which will be used by the Press department, the 
Literature department and the officers. This is a practical economy 
and a saving of labor. 

Note — The budget provides for the services of four more people 
than were included in the budget presented to last year's Con- 
vention, and at an increase of only $1,324.00 over last year's budget, 
which is an increase of only $2,652.34 over this year's actual pay- 
roll. Two of these salaries are for a business manager and stenog- 
rapher for the Literature department. 

Note — If the Convention accepts the proposed new constitution, 
and the plan for incorporating the publishing department is car- 
ried out, the amount to be raised by assessing the affiliated so- 
cieties, beyond the amount secured by the regular ten cents per 
capita dues, will be only about $15,626.00, which in comparison with 
the budgets of some of the state associations is exceedingly small. 

In this case all money pledged at the Convention can be used 
for direct help to the Campaign states, providing for a travelling 
school for suffrage workers, and any additional special work which 
may be needed. 

REPORTS OF AUXILIARIES 

Note — By vote of the Official Board, the reports of the winning 
States, the Campaign States, and the semi-campaign States, are 
printed in full, the reports of the other States being included in the 
tabulation at the end of the book. Montana, North Dakota, New 
York and Missouri, and one New Jersey Association, are omitted 
with regret. The officers of these States failed to hand in writ- 
ten reports. 

ILLINOIS. 

Illinois has just held its Forty-fifth Annual Convention. All 
the work of the past, and all the influence emanating from the 
previous conventions, culminated in the passage of the Suffrage Bill 
last June. 

It has been a pleasure and privilege to serve Illinois during 
the historic year of 1913. 

When we first went down to Springfield at the beginning of 
the year we found no Suffrage enthusiasm, but we did find Suffrage 
antagonism. After careful consultation with our friends in Spring- 
field, our State Board of Directors voted not to introduce a resolu- 
tion asking for a Suffrage amendment until after the passage of the 
Bill. 

Owing to the peculiar Constitution of Illinois, but one amend- 
ment can be added to the State Constitution at a time. In order 
to pass, this requires a two-thirds vote of the Senate and House. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 81 

Then it is submitted to the voters of the State, and requires a 
majority of all the votes cast at the election in order to become a 
law. 

In other Suffrage States it has required only a majority of the 
votes cast on the amendment. Those familiar with the situation 
in Illinois have long realized that the Suffrage Bill, which gives 
such tremendous power to women, would have to be passed first 
before the full franchise could ever be secured in this State. 

A careful card index was prepared by the Legislative Chair- 
man before we went to Springfield. This card index gave valuable 
information in regard to each legislator, telling his party affiliation, 
past record, reputation at home, church affiliation, etc. 

Mrs. Booth, our Legislative Chairman, went down to Spring- 
field at the beginning of the year, and our former Legislative Chair- 
man, Mrs. McCulloch, went with her the first week to initiate her 
into the mysteries of Legislative procedures. After that Mrs. 
Booth was down at Springfield for several weeks, alone, studying 
the faces of the Legislators and locating them in the Senate and 
House, and getting a list of those who were willing to vote for the 
Suffrage Bill. I went down several times to size up the situation 
and consult with Mrs. Booth. 

In the early part of March we both began going every week 
to Springfield, and we attended the sessions of the Legislature 
until its close in June. I was obliged to leave Mrs. Booth on 
guard alone one week because it was deemed necessary for me to 
attend the Mississippi Valley Conference held in St. Louis in April. 
After the Bill was passed, we remained for a week and a half at 
Springfield, until the Governor signed the Bill. 

After the Bill had passed the Senate and was on second read- 
ing in the House, we sent for Mrs. Antoinette Funk. She was 
with us for the last ten weeks and rendered brilliant and efficient 
service. Mrs. Medill McCormick moved to Springfield, and during 
the last three or four weeks, gave of herself, her time and her 
money, and brought fresh enthusiasm to our work. 

Miss Margaret Dobyne, our Press Chairman, and Miss Jennie 
F. W. Johnson, our State Treasurer, were at Headquarters in 
Chicago during this time and sent out communications and responded 
to every call for help. 

Mrs. Harriette Taylor Treadwell, President of the Chicago 
Political Equality League; Mrs. Charlotte Rhodus, President of the 
Woman's Party, and Mrs. James Morrison, Secretary of the Chicago 
Equal Suffrage Association; Mrs. E. L. Stillman, of the Rogers Park 
Woman's Club, and Miss Mary Miller, President of the Human 
Rights Party, helped us greatly at this time. Other organizations in 
Chicago as well as the Suffrage organizations in Oak Park, Evans- 
ton, Aurora, Elgin, Peoria, Joliet, Galesburg, Monmouth, Quincy, 
Belleville, Lincoln, Petersburg, Jacksonville, Clinton and other towns 



82 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

throughout the State responded instantly when letters were to be 
written or telegrams sent to Springfield. The Bill was won through 
co-operation and organization. 

We have had a wonderful growth in membership in our associa- 
tion during the past year. Last year we paid dues to the National 
Association on 962 members — this year our treasurer sent a check 
for dues to the National paying for 4,750 members. Last year we 
had 24 dues paying organizations — many of them inactive — and no 
non-dues paying organizations. This year we have 31 dues paying 
clubs, and 50 non-dues paying, making a total of 81 active organiza- 
tions that sent delegates to the convention in Peoria. We have 
started organization work in every senatorial district in the State, 
and we are now completing plans for still more perfect organization. 
Last year we spent $83.60 in organization work, and this year 
$1,141.79. We have increased our literature sales this year nearly 
$1,000.00. Every month our Press Chairman, Miss Dobyne, has sent 
out 500 Bulletins to newspapers throughout Illinois, which have copied 
the suffrage news, partially taken from the press bulletin sent out 
by the National, as well as Illinois suffrage news. 

We have been fortunate in our financial undertakings. We 
started out to work a year ago with $34.45 in the general fund, 
and were owing $100.00 to the National, and some minor hills, so 
that we were $100.00 worse than nothing. When we returned from 
Springfield, after the passage of the Suffrage Bill, we found again 
an absolutely depleted treasury. At this critical juncture the 
Chicago Examiner generously offered the use of its plant for the 
publication of the Woman Voters Edition. The State Board voted 
to accept the offer. Unfortunately, however, the Board members 
had made plans to be away or were otherwise engaged and coula 
not assist in getting out the paper, with but one exception. Miss 
Margaret Dobyne gave up a trip to Panama to work on the Suf- 
frage edition. Mrs. Antoinette Funk, who was not a member of 
the Board, eliminated a trip to Colorado to assist. The Chicago 
Political Equality League, The Woman's Party, The Human Rights 
Party and other Suffrage organizations and women's clubs helped 
secure advertisements and sell the papers. 

We were encouraged by the cheerful pessimists who prophesied 
that we would be financially in the hole as a result of the venture. 
This was exhilarating, as I had already borrowed $800.00 from my 
husband with which to start the paper. It was more exhilarating, 
however, at the end of those long, hot weeks of incessant labor, 
to learn that we had cleared for the Suffrage Cause about $15,000.00. 
In the neighborhood of $4,000.00 of this amount was paid to the 
clubs and organizations for commission, hut it all helped the Cause 
just the same. The State Association, after paying all expenses, 
netted in cash between $7,000.00 and $8,000.00, and adding to this 
the merchandise and stock, we made in all $10,492.50. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 83 

It is ethical for people to pay for what they receive. There is 
a practical law of reciprocity. For this reason, wherever I have 
spoken during the year when it has been possible, I have asked the 
clubs and organizations to send money to the State treasury. In this 
way I was able to earn $1,233.00. The sum would have been larger, 
but my time was so taken up at Springfield that I had to cancel 
a number of engagements. I would advise all Suffragists, every- 
where, to do likewise, for where people pay for an address there is 
always a good crowd of people to listen. There is less wasted 
energy and much greater good is accomplished. 

The total receipts for the year amounted to $20,835.51. After 
deducting the disbursements of $12,851.99 a balance was left on hand 
in our treasury October 31st of $4,553.52 cash, with our rent paid 
a year in advance and $3,430.00 in merchandise and stock, made a 
total of about $9,000.00 with which to begin this year's work. 

We are going to have a big, unexpected expense to start with 
— the constitutionality of the Suffrage Bill has been attacked. Sev- 
eral suits have already been brought and been decided in our favor. 
We have studied the situation carefully and secured the best pos- 
sible legal talent to look after our interests. 

The Law has been pronounced constitutional, and we have 
confidence that it will be proven constitutional by the Supreme Court 
of Illinois. We, as a Board, rejoice over the economical manage- 
ment of the Springfield campaign. Men who have had experience 
have been kind enough to say that we, as mere women, have man- 
aged the funds in a manner that they pronounce as wonderful as 
the passage of the Bill. The entire cost of the Springfield cam- 
paign — which lasted six months, and included the expense of going 
back and forth to Springfield each week — cost only a little over 
$1,500.00. 

The only way to prepare Illinois for the full enfranchisement 
through a constitutional amendment — which will have to be sub- 
mitted to the men voters of the State — is to educate our citizens and 
demonstrate by our wise actions that Equal Suffrage is beneficial 
to all. We must be broad in our views, charitable in our judg- 
ment of those who disagree with us; remembering always, that our 
beliefs are largely a matter of education and environment. We 
must not always impugn to those who hold opposite opinions, dark, 
ulterior motives. Let us give as much credence to the appearance 
of good as we do to the appearance of evil. 

Let us not be discouraged if at times our progress seems 
slow. Women are just ordinary human beings, the same as men, 
and as such will encounter the same obstacles, the same jealousies, 
the same misunderstandings that men have had to encounter in their 
civic work. A certain amount of opposition is the price we pay for 
progress. 

GRACE WILBUR TROUT, President. 



84 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

MICHIGAN 

At the time Michigan's report was made to this body one year 
ago, the Woman Suffrage amendment voted upon at the general elec- 
tion, November 5th, 1912, was considered carried and yet the suffrag- 
ists were enduring agonies of suspense over the final outcome. Re- 
turns on the amendment were delayed, notably from certain precincts 
in Detroit where opposition to suffrage was firmly entrenched. The 
story of the careless handling of the amendment, the undue haste 
in the burning of election ballots, the illegalities and irregularities of 
the vote on suffrage are familiar to you all. For several weeks the 
doubt and the bitter contest made by anti-suffragists to prevent the 
re-counts or to prevent the count of votes on ballots said to have 
been improperly printed by county officials kept the Michigan suf- 
fragists in a mighty unrest, and when finally the amendment was 
officially declared defeated by a majority of 612 votes the question 
at once arose whether to contest the election on the ground of fraud, 
of which we had abundant proof, whether to appeal our case or 
whether to demand of the legislature an investigation and a recount, 
or whether to ask the legislature for immediate re-submission. 

A questionaire prepared by the State Suffrage Board assisted 
by our national president, Miss Shaw, was sent to all county chairmen 
and the heads of co-operating societies. The replies favored asking 
the Legislature for re-submission of the amendment and a majority 
favored immediate re-submission at the April election. It was argued 
that indignation over our defeat when it was obvious that the voters 
desired the adoption of the amendment was so acute that we should 
not delay taking advantage of this favoring situation. Though the 
spring vote is lighter than the presidential one, yet experienced men 
pointed out that township supervisors were to be elected, and that 
rural communities where our measure was especially favored were 
deeply interested in choosing these officials. After careful considera- 
tion it was decided to press our bill in the Legislature, then in ses- 
sion, with re-submission of our amendment at the spring election, 
April 5th. Then ensued a nerve-trying period of lengthened passage 
of the bill. There were anxious waits, perplexing delays and annoy- 
ing proposals to amend the amendment. A Hearing was arranged 
and at this Hearing, for the first time in Michigan's history, Michigan 
women appeared to protest against the franchise for their sex. These 
women were from Detroit and their leader and only speaker was from 
New York, or whichever Eastern State claims the honor of her birth. 

The Bill finally passed both Houses with a comfortable majority. 

The campaign which followed and which was but a prolonging 
of the first campaign was most energetic and was crowded full of 
enthusiasm, self-sacrifice and courage. The Michigan suffragists, true 
to their State motto, "Neither Delayed Nor Rested." Suffragists in 
other States sent generous contributions. Headquarters were in De- 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 85 

troit. Mrs. Ida Porter Boyer, of Pennsylvania, was engaged to be 
general assistant to the president and press chairman, Mrs. Boyer's 
experience in campaign work making her of especial value all through 
the campaign. 

In this short campaign Michigan depended very greatly on free 
distribution of literature, on the spirit of fair play evinced by the 
press and on the splendid corps of speakers who were present from 
many parts of the United States. Among those who spoke during 
the campaign are our international president, Mrs. Catt, our national 
president, Dr. Shaw, and Miss Laura Clay who each donated her 
services and are most gratefully appreciated. In our State Year 
Book will appear the names of all who came to Michigan to help 
together with a list of the donors of money, literature or supplies. 
Michigan suffragists are grateful and realize that it was the sym- 
pathy and assistance of sister suffrage organizations which sustained 
them while battling in the new campaign. 

That Michigan was defeated is disappointing but not dismaying. 
The enemy of freedom for women was fighting as never before, the 
close vote, as many think the favorable vote, in the preceding cam- 
paign, causing the antis the greatest alarm, — as their president said, 
"Michigan gave us a great scare." Added to this vigorous activity 
was the organization of anti-women entreating through literature and 
the press to be saved from the dirt and degradation of possession of 
the ballot, and the increasing militancy of the English suffragettes 
behind which many Michigan men and a few Michigan "interests" 
cloaked their fear of votes for women. Though the majority against 
the suffrage amendment at the election, April 7th, was overwhelming, 
yet an analysis of the figures will show that the defeat was not so 
much due to a change in public sentiment and increase of adverse 
vote, but because of the absence of a favoring vote. Twenty-five 
counties had less "no" votes than were cast in the same counties 
in the fall of 1912. Seven counties gained less than fifty adverse 
votes, and nine counties gained between fifty and one hundred, so 
that forty-one counties showed less "no" votes or gained less than 
one hundred. We know that much money and labor was expended 
by the opposition, mainly the liquor and allied interests, so we are 
morally sure that they have the heaviest vote they can ever poll in 
Michigan . The opposition gained a little over 16,000 votes over their 
total vote cast in 1912 and of this gain 13,000 was gained in counties 
having a wet and dry issue on. 

The total vote on the suffrage amendment was within 4,732 of 
the total vote cast for superintendent of public instruction. Ninety- 
nine per cent, of the vote out voted on the suffrage amendment. 
More votes were cast on the suffrage amendment than on any other 
amendment, the nearest heavy vote was within 47,478 and was on 
the firemen's pension which was defeated. One amendment had 
66,432 less votes cast for it than did suffrage. The total vote of the 



86 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

State was a normal vote, but by counties it shows an unprecedented 
light vote in the rural communities and smaller cities. Four counties, 
in which are situated the four largest cities of the State, had an un- 
usually heavy vote in the cities. Some rural counties had precincts 
where there was not a vote cast on any question on account of the 
impassability of the roads. The weather in Michigan just preceding 
election week was almost unprecedentedly inclement. 

Michigan suffragists finishing an unexpected and exhausting cam- 
paign of eight months went with high courage into another and were 
defeated, and to the honor of all suffragists we have proven good 
losers, for we are ready to do it all over again when opportunity 
offers. 

Michigan was represented in the national suffrage parades of the 
past year and sent many petitions and letters to the Senate. Michi- 
gan's two Senators and Michigan's Governor figure prominently in 
the speeches made in Congress on July 31st, all three endorsing and 
approving woman suffrage. 

You who have attended these conventions many years will regret 
to learn that Mrs. Helen P. Jenkins, for a quarter of a century Michi- 
gan's imost earnest suffrage worker and the co-worker of Miss An- 
thony, and Mrs. Mary L. Doe, the first president of the State Suffrage 
Association, died in March last on the same day and in the same 
house, Mrs. Jenkins' residence in Detroit, the former after a long 
illness, the latter worn out from her strenuous efforts in the first 
campaign. The suffragists of Michigan hold their memory in affec- 
tionate reverence. 

Also there passed away during this year, the Hon. Thomas W. 
Palmer, honored by all suffragists for championing suffrage in the 
Senate of the United States in 1884 when to believe in Woman's 
suffrage and to say so on the floor of the Senate took high courage 
and a liberal faith. Mr. Palmer consistently maintained his belief in 
votes for women to the close of his long life. Tie left by will $5,000 to 
the National Association. 

Since the close of the campaign Michigan has steadily organized 
by counties and on the 5th to 7th of November held the most en- 
thusiastic convention of many years. 

Whatever course of action is determined upon by the National 
Association, whether it be a campaign of education and organization 
within each State, or wihether it be decided to work solely for Con- 
gressional and subsequent legislative action Michigan, fully aroused 
and strengthened by the many new workers the campaigns have en- 
listed, Michigan stands ready and anxious to co-operate and to do 
her part whenever and wherever needed. 

CLARA B. ARTHUR, President. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 87 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

TO THE OFFICERS AND DELEGATES OF THE NA- 
TIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION, IN 
CONVENTION ASSEMBLED; THE SOUTH DAKOTA UNIVER- 
SAL FRANCHISE LEAGUE SENDS GREETINGS, and asks, 
though it is unable to have a representative with you, that you will 
reserve for it a large place in your sympathies and plans. 

For the purposes of our organization this State is divided into 
four districts, each presided over by a capable corps of officers, 
earnest, self-sacrificing women who have lived long in their respective 
districts and understand well the peculiar and special needs of each. 

Our plans have thus far been seriously hampered by lack of 
funds, and for that reason worthy plans are still unexecuted. Our 
campaign has been endorsed by the Republican party of this State 
in convention, by the State Federation of Women's Clubs, and by 
the State organization of the Women's Relief Corps. Many of the 
State officers and the political candidates have also given it their 
endorsement and have promised their support. Our outlook is very 
bright, and we are assured by political leaders of the State that our 
success at the coming election is assured, but we are not resting 
on the oars, but intend to continue to push the campaign vigor- 
ously along every line. Perhaps our most telling and influential 
agency in this State is the SOUTH DAKOTA MESSENGER, a weekly 
paper of extensive circulation within the State, which is owned, con- 
trolled and edited by our organization, and which is devoted to the 
Suffrage cause, and to the interests of the women of our State. Large 
contributions have been received from outside sources, and from resi- 
dents of the State to subscribe for the paper for those whose inter- 
ests are not with us as yet strongly enough to cause them to subscribe 
for themselves, and we hope in that way, by our weekly arguments, 
to win many votes before the question is voted upon. 

Remember that we are in need of all the help available, as South 
Dakota is one of that group of neighboring States where the ques- 
tion of equal franchise is to be finally determined at the next elec- 
tions, and which should all come into the ranks in a body. Word 
has just been received that the South Dakota Educational Associa- 
tion, with a membership of fifteen hundred teachers, has endorsed 
the Suffrage Campaign in this State. 

MRS. JOHN L. PYLE, President. 

NEVADA 

The life and letters of Abraham Lincoln are a source of strength 
to any one engaged in work for human liberty, in however humble a 
capacity. The campaign for equal rights, the freeing of women in 
Nevada and the task accomplished by Lincoln in saving the Union and 



88 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

freeing the slave are obviously in no way comparable, save in one 
respect: the underlying principle of each struggle is the extension of 
human liberty. 

Whether we call him divinely inspired or a simple man of the people 
who grew with his work, a stronger and abler man to-day because of 
the way he met and mastered the problem of yesterday, Lincoln could 
never have accomplished his work if he had not founded it on far- 
sighted principles, to which he held firmly with invincible logic and 
resistless moral power. His letter in answer to Horace Greeley, who, 
as editor of the New York Tribune, showed impatience with the presi- 
dent's abolition policy, is one of the great State papers of history. It 
is as remarkable for its strength as it is for its brevity. There is not 
an unnecessary word in it. Every word and thought used is essential 
to express his meaning, with the wonderful clearness and consummate 
force attained. 

"I would save the Union. I would save it the shortest way under 
the constitution. The sooner the national authority can be restored, 
the nearer the Union will be 'the Union as it was.' If there be those 
who would not save the Union unless they could at the same time 
save slavery, I do not agree with them. If there be those who would 
not save the Union unless they could at the same time destroy slavery, 
I do not agree with them. My paramount object in this struggle is to 
save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I 
could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if 
I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could 
save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do 
that. What I do about slavery and the colored race, I do because 
I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forlbear 
because I do not believe it would help to save the Union. I shall 
do less whenever I shall believe what I am doing hurts the cause, and 
I shall do more whenever I shall believe doing more will help the 
cause. I shall try to correct errors when shown to be errors, and 

1 1 shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be true views. 

'I have here stated my purpose according to my view of official duty." 

Without presumption, let us apply these words to our work in 
Nevada: 

Our paramount object is to win the freedom of Nevada women, 
and to win that freedom the shortest way under the constitution. 
If there be those who would not win it unless they could at the 
same time avoid antagonizing certain powerful or immoral interests, 
we do not agree with them. If there be those who would not win 
it except by antagonizing these powerful or immoral interests, we do 
not agree with them. 

What we do or what we forbear about those interests opposed 
to suffrage, we do or forbear doing because we believe it will help 
to win the cause. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 89 

"I shall do less whenever I shall believe what I am doing hurts 
the cause, and I shall do more whenever I shall believe doing more 
will help the cause. I shall try to correct errors when shown to be 
errors, and I shall adopt new views so fast as they shall appear to be 
true views. I have here stated my purpose according to my view of 
official duty." 

We have recently been criticised for two sins, one of omission, 
and one of commission. A Nevada clergyman recently advised us: 
"From now on you must begin your campaign of education. Educate, 
let everything else go, ignore attacks and mis-statements, educate, 
and you will win." 

An educative campaign has been carried on for over two years in 
the Nevada papers. Over two hundred columns or about 240,000 words 
(two good sized books), of educational suffrage material have been 
published in the Reno newspapers alone. 

Clippings from these articles have come back to us as republished 
in California, eastern and foreign journals, so the world outside of 
Nevada at least has been aware that an educative campaign for suf- 
frage has been in progress within the State. This extensive educa- 
tive work has not protected us from the attack of our opponents, 
and such educative work, unaided, will not protect us from future 
attack or win the campaign. 

But, we are told, you will antagonize the men by defending the 
cause. What men? Those who are already in favor of suffrage? 
Surely not; they, too, would wish to defend it. Those who are op- 
posed to suffrage? These are already antagonistic. 

Who, then, will be antagonized? Those men who are indifferent 
to suffrage, or those who have not thought about it? What better 
way is there to make them think about and discuss it, to educate them, 
than by the public discussion of national or local issues, especially 
if women have been unjustly treated? How can we educate the voters 
by keeping quiet? How is any reform won except by a positive educa- 
tive propaganda, and by defending its justice? If men are just (and we 
can win only by the votes of just men), surely, this is the way to 
win votes! 

Our sin of commission has been that of defending our cause when 
assailed by certain influences opposed to suffrage, and that of answer- 
ing public misrepresentations of the results of equal suffrage made 
by an anti-suffragist. We declare our policy to be never to attack, but 
to protect and defend our cause from misrepresentation, continuing at 
the same time our more than two years' educative work. As equal 
suffrage is endorsed in the platforms of the Progressive, Socialist and 
Democratic parties of Nevada, and is supported by many leading Re- 
publicans of the State, we further declare that our campaign will be 
carried out on absolutely non-partisan, non-political lines; it will be 
advanced as work for human justice and good government appealing 



90 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

to all men and women for the public good, through methods found 
successful by suffrage leaders Who have won campaigns in California 
and the neighboring suffrage States 'by which we are entirely sur- 
rounded. 

Our educative propaganda will be presented not only through the 
press wherever possible, but by public speakers as in the past, as time 
and funds permit. We shall meet unfair attack and false statements, 
and make every effort to keep the true and just view before the public, 
even as we deplore the necessity for it. 

"We shall do less whenever we shall believe what we are doing 
hurts the cause, and we shall do more whenever we shall believe doing 
more will help 'the cause." 

We are aware that there are still living some honest and old- 
fashioned people who even at this day and age are sincerely opposed 
to equal suffrage, because they cannot see that women are not now 
adequately protected. But these unprogressives are few and can be 
educated. In the main 'the opposition to votes for women as shown 
by its character in the victorious States of California, Washington, 
Oregon, and by the opposition now developing under our eyes and 
ears in Nevada, is due to certain vested and immoral interests which 
consistently appose equal suffrage because they fear its good results. 

The just men and women of our State will meet this situation 
with courage and constancy; there are few among us so craven and 
poor spirited as to fear to work for justice because of what the powers 
of wickedness and injustice may attempt against us. If it be decreed 
that we must use the new constitutional measure of the initiative to 
win freedom, or if our reform be ungraciously deferred in Nevada, 
the last black, non-isuffrage State of the West, until it is won by the 
national constitutional amendment, now imminent, we shall have the 
courage and constancy to meet that situation, also. 

Justice for Nevada women is inevitable. 

We cannot more clearly express our sense of solemn obligation to 
the work in hand than by quoting the closing paragraph of our recent 
annual report: 

"To win the enfranchisement of Nevada's women our cause must 
be first in the hearts of all. Personal misunderstandings, technical 
disagreements, local differences will all be forgotten in our great com- 
mon purpose to win human rights, to which this year's work is dedi- 
cated. Then we cannot fail. Our work is as much a work for human 
freedom as was the great emancipator's, when he freed the black 
slave; our success depends as much on the united support and co- 
operation of the brave and true women of Nevada, as did his on saving 
the Union. As women consecrated to the emancipation of women let 
us recall, and remember, during the coming year, his words: 

" 'In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free 
— honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. We shall 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 91 

nobly save or meanly lose the last, best hope of earth * * * The way 
is plain, peaceful, generous, just.' " 

Respectfully submitted by the executive committee of the Nevada 
Equal Franchise Society. 

GRACE E. BRIDGES, Corresponding Secretary. 
ANNE H. MARTIN, President. 
November, 1913. 

PENNSYLVANIA 

The work of the Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Association during 
the past year has been much like the customary suffrage activity in 
other States. Candidates have been interviewed, recognition by all 
the political parties of the State has been sought and secured, meet- 
ings have 'been held and literature distributed in novel ways. Organ- 
izers have gone into every county of the State, a Men's League has 
been organized, and the modern forms of propaganda have been fol- 
lowed when suitable to Pennsylvania conditions. The underlying, 
unheralded, unwavering aims of our work are two — women and organ- 
ization. During the past year the number of enrolled suffragists in 
the State has increased from 9,374 to 28,602; the annual budget in- 
creased from $2,889.96 to $9,708.78. At the annual convention of the 
State Association held in October, 1913, a $50,000 budget was voted 
for the coming year's work. 

The first important act of the year was the removal of our State 
Headquarters to the capitol cky, Harrisburg. The efficacy of this 
change has been proven beyond question, and the move was the lead- 
ing indirect influence in securing the passage of our bill by the Legis- 
lature. The State Association has five paid workers, an executive 
secretary, a field secretary, a publicity manager, and two stenographers. 
In addition there are splendid local headquarters in the two extreme 
corners of the State, Philadelphia with two paid workers, and Pitts- 
burg with three, both closely co-operating with the State centre. The 
State Executive Committee of fifteen members representing all sec- 
tions of the State meets monthly in Harrisburg, having all-day ses- 
sions, sometimes running into the evening, and on one occasion de- 
veloping into a two-day meeting. 

The most important even of the year was 'the passage by the 
Legislature of the resolution providing for the submission to the 
voters of a Constitutional amendment enfranchising the women of the 
State. It is said that the Pennsylvania Legislature witnessed the 
bitterest successful fight ever made on the question. Motions on it 
forced by our opponents resulted twice in tie votes and on both occa- 
sions the bill was saved by the Lieutenant-Governor of the State, who 
broke the tie by voting in our favor. Such a history for a suffrage 
bill has not been duplicated in the United States, and the bill was 
finally carried by the bare required Constitutional majority of one. 
There were no cases of nervous prostration recorded, and the suf- 



92 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

fragists are still living. After the last vote the Anti-leader dissolved 
into tears, we are told, which was quite natural and so womanly. 

Owing to the heterogeneous population and widely diversified in- 
terests and occupations of the people, all forms of suffrage organization 
are encouraged by the State Association, including clubs and the 
Woman Suffrage party. The State Association has recorded its belief 
in the Party as the most effective kind of organization for political 
purposes, and for three years has had a standing committee on party 
organization. 

A year ago, Pennsylvania's 67 counties were divided into twelve 
divisions for the purpose of party organization with a leader of each 
division, a county chairman responsible to the division leader, and the 
customary legislative, borough, township, and precinct officers. The 
State Standing Committee to organize the party consists of the State 
Chairman and these twelve division leaders. This plan has been 
highly successful in Pennsylvania, and the work accomplished gives 
us a substantial foundation for the campaign. 

The result of having the Party a portion of the State Association's 
activity is harmonious and closely knit co-operation. In fact, the poli- 
ticians of the State inform us that we are fortunate in Pennsylvania, 
in that we have but one State association, and that all the forces are 
working under the central body. This fact is said by the political 
leaders to be an essential and our greatest asset in the campaign. 

The State Literature Department has been operated on a busi- 
ness basis. During the year it began to do its own printing, and has 
printed a quarter of a million Pennsylvania flyers, 100,000 leaflets, be- 
sides other literature, and is now planning to print all of the cheap 
literature to be used during the campaign. 

In Philadelphia, very successful street meetings were held, and 
throughout the State suffragists had booths at the county fairs. The 
Antis also had booths at six of these fairs, which was evidently 
more than planned for, for when approached by a passer-by, the 
Anti-refrain was — "We 'have some buttons, but I am so sorry we 
are just out of our best arguments." 

In the main, we have emphasized indoor meetings because our 
effort is concentrated on reaching the women first, and on getting 
strong systematic organization. We are impressed with the obliga- 
tion of arousing our women to activity by efficient methods, and be- 
lieve that in the first year of a two and one-half year campaign in- 
tensive work among the women pays best and is absolutely necessary. 
In 1913 we tried to do the work of 1913, and not that of 1915. Again 
we have harkened to the advice of our many successful political 
friends to beware of a campaign that becomes an anti-climax and 
that sustained campaign enthusiasm must be based on thorough, solid 
organization work. 

Realizing that no power is so mighty as the press, and no man 
so important as the editor, we have had a professional press worker 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

at State Headquarters, who sends a weekly press letter to the news- 
papers, and has operated the State Press Department on a State wide 
plan. In the beginning of the year we circularized the 1,350 papers 
and publications of the State with the result that over 500 papers 
are to-day receiving our weekly letter. During the coming year, this 
service will be augmented by feature stories and special work. I 
believe that the majority of the editors are friendly. The policy of 
our publicity work may be of interest. We do not favor nor use wide- 
open publicity any more than do other organizations aiming to secure 
a political end. We get all possible publicity for our public meetings, 
conventions, etc.; we give no publicity to our organization work, tours 
of field secretaries or officers, our political plans and business. We 
have learned that publicity for suffrage is quite different from publicity 
for other kinds of woman's work, and that it must be handled so as 
to get the political result. The State subcribes for press clipping 
service and considers constant professional press work an absolute 
essential to success. In this year's budget, the item for this one de- 
partment is about $6,000. 

We have a campaign button, a speakers' bureau and a study course, 
though the two latter do not hang on the button. The button bears 
the keystone with a band marked, "Votes for Women, Pennsylvania, 
1915," and is blue and white — blue being the official color of the State 
government. We attach ourselves to the government in every way 
possible. Our rule is to sell the buttons, not to give them away — 
yet. We sell them for a penny up, and we take a dollar for one with- 
out quivering. 

The speakers' bureau has been formed in an effort to thus early 
eliminate one of the difficulties of a campaign. Its object is not only 
to secure the finest speakers at the lowest possible rates for a long 
term, but to make sure that the best speakers are well distributed over 
the State and no corner neglected. Pennsylvania men and women 
have been specially listed on the bureau because we consider it most 
advantageous to have our cause advocated by our own citizens. How- 
ever, the bureau has listed outside celebrities, and will secure any one 
for whom there is a request. 

A study course has been outlined for the use of the many women 
who have asked what they or their clubs or groups should study or 
read. The course is based on the modern activities of women and 
is grouped under three divisions — economic, social and political. 

In Pennsylvania the suffragists have taken part locally in parades 
in what seems to us to be the ideal way, — by marching as sections 
in community events, such as Memorial Day parades, in the Perry 
Centennial Celebration in Erie, and Labor Day parades. In this way 
we not only show our power, strength and zeal, but we take our 
natural place in a community event and are thereby not unwisely asso- 
ciated with the whole body politic. Many of our Pennsylvania women 
think that there have been too many purely suffrage parades, and 



94 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

certainly, if we were to answer all the calls to march that come to 
us, we would have little time and no money left for the work at 
home. In the words of a college enthusiast, we should be doing 
nothing ibut walking the streets. It is probably desirable to have one 
great national suffrage parade each year, but to attempt to have a 
number of such parades for which national appeals are made is to de- 
tract from the effect of many and to lessen interest in all. 

During the year the Pennsylvania suffragists have had the cus- 
tomary testimonials of friendship on the part of fraternal organiza- 
tions. The Pennsylvania State Grange reaffirmed its endorsement of 
woman suffrage as did the Pennsylvania Federation of Labor. The 
International Brotherhood of Stationary Firemen which met in Pitts- 
burg, Pa., went on record in favor of votes for women. At the annual 
convention of the State Federation of Pennsylvania Women, the club 
women by a large vote adopted a resolution providing for a standing 
committee on woman suffrage and approving the action of the State 
Legislature in passing the resolution to submit the question to the 
voters. A further resolution provides a definite place for definite 
action by the Federation on the subject next year. 

The State Association participated in National work by answering 
the calls for delegations for the pre-inaugural parade in Washington 
and the New York parade in 'May, and the further demonstration in 
Washington, July 31st. In addition to paying its pledge of $500 for 
national work, there were many individual contributions from Penn- 
sylvania to the National Association, and also to the National Con- 
gressional Committee for its work on the Federal bill. Pennsylvania 
realizes that the amount given by it within one year has never been 
its full share, and at the State Convention, the delegates voted to con- 
tribute Pennsylvania's full share to the support of the National pro- 
vided that such proportionment were equable, and that the National 
should not make independent effort to raise funds within the State. 
We have also done much work on the federal suffrage bill by way of 
the Pennsylvania Senators and Congressmen. The State Association 
protested against some of the proposed methods of the National Com- 
mittee's plans with regard to Pennsylvania, but continued their ac- 
tivity on the Federal bill, co-operating with the National congres- 
sional Committee whenever possible. 

In planning Pennsylvania's campaign the State Association will 
aim to obviate two of the real causes of the defeat of campaigns in 
other States — 1st, — that the women of said States were not active for 
suffrage, and 2nd, — the lack of systematic and dependable organiza- 
tion. We are honest with ourselves, and realize now that if we lose 
in 1915 it will not be due to the whiskey trust, nor the vicious in- 
terests, nor the big corporations, nor the apathy of the voters; it will 
be due primarity to the fact that we have failed to reach the women 
in Pennsylvania; that we suffragists ourselves have failed to do our 
own job well. To put it the other way, we are convinced that if 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 95 

we get the women aroused and organized, nothing can defeat us in 
1915. We believe that the women of Pennsylvania will rise to their 
opportunity. 

JENNIE BRADLEY ROESSIXG, President. 

IOWA 

Iowa is very happy to be in the five-minute list and to report to 
the national convention that the last General Assembly passed a suf- 
frage bill by a very comfortable majority. 

According to the State constitution of Iowa if the next General 
Assembly which meets in January, 1915, passes an identical bill the 
question will then go to the voters of the State at the next general 
election. 

The General Assembly in addition to passing a suffrage bill de- 
feated a bill for a vote of the women of the State as to whether or 
not they wished suffrage; the same sort of a bill which has been 
presented by our opponents in almost every State where suffrage 
has been an issue. 

Our bill was in charge of Dr. Xina Wilson-Dewey who did effec- 
tive work in securing its passage. Mr. Homer A. Miller, president of 
the Iowa Federation of Womens' Clubs, helped very much with the 
work in the Legislature and a long list of our own women gave 
valuable and efficient service. 

Our paid membership has increased within the year (and in Iowa 
we have counted as members of the State Association only those who 
pay dues into the association) from 896 to 1,340, a gain of about 450 
members. 

The number is yet disappointingly small, but we feel that the 
next five hundred will be more easily gained than the last 450. The 
State Fair work was exceedingly successful. The City Council of 
Suffrage clubs of Des Moines arranged for the Photo-play, "Votes 
for Women," to be shown in a small river front park near a band- 
stand where nightly concerts were given during Fair week. Literally 
thousands of people saw the pictures and there were speeches two 
evenings to large audiences. 

A successful two weeks* auto trip was undertaken by the State 
Board in September, crossing the State from east to west twice, and 
holding thirty meetings, most of them out of doors. 

To those States which have done more campaign work than we, 
this does not seem so great an undertaking, but to us it had all the 
thrill of a new and untried adventure. 

The governor of the State, the attorney-general and the editor of 
one of the leading newspapers of the State spoke at the first meeting 
on the afternoon of Labor Day. The chairman of the State Railroad 
Commission, the leading Jewish Rabbi of the State, a representative 
in the last General Assembly, a leading Unitarian minister and one 



96 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

of the most prominent lawyers of the State, spent one or more days 
with the party. 

The -Mayor of Des Moines wrote to the mayors of the various 
towns in which meetings were held asking their interest and co-opera- 
tion in the meetings and almost everywhere the speakers were intro- 
duced by the mayor of the town or by some one delegated by him. 

Three women made the entire trip, Mrs. Mills of the State Board 
who had arranged the schedule, Miss Prouty, daughter of our Con- 
gressman from Des Moines, and the present State president. The 
State corresponding secretary, Mrs. Dodson and several other suf- 
frage women were with us for a day or more, and two Des Moines 
papers sent reporters for a week. 

There were fine audiences everywhere, and almost unanimously 
flattering press notices, altogether we felt it the best piece of advertis- 
ing and of real propaganda work that Iowa suffragists have done for 
a long time. 

We regret the departure of Miss Mary A. Safford, our former 
president, from the State. Miss Safford is now doing suffrage work 
in Florida where she is living for the present. 

The State convention in Boone early in October elected a splendid 
Board of interested and enthusiastic women. The outlook for the 
year's work is most hopeful, and I am happy to bring greetings from 
the Iowa Association and to assure you of our continued faith and 
activity. 

FLORA DUNLAP, President. 

OHIO 

(Woman Suffrage Association) 

In 1912, 249,420 Ohio men voted for 'the woman suffrage amend- 
ment, nearly one-fourth of a million of men. In no State where 
women have been enfranchised has the vote in favor been so large 
and until the vote was taken in Wisconsin and Michigan the vote on 
both sides of this question has not been as large as this. Because 
this is true, Ohio women began with vigor the work of a new cam- 
paign. 

The Convention of 1912, directly after defeat, decided to put out 
an initiative petition and to go to vote in 1914. The Convention of 
1913 confirmed that action, so 1914 it will be. 

Our working members have doubled during the year. 

Ohio has the oldest local suffrage society in the world which has 
held regular meetings, vis. the Toledo Woman Suffrage Association 
organized in 1869, forty-four years ago. 

A woman with national suffrage experience and of such judgment 
as to have the profound respect of the National Convention and the 
entire association, who has spoken in many States in the Union and 
done campaign work and spends her entire time at suffrage work, 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 97 

says that the Woman Suffrage Party of Cleveland is the most efficient 
suffrage organization in the United States. 

The headquarters of the State are at Warren. 

We have for somt time paid a good deal of attention to our 
Farmers' Institutes, and last year we reached 125 of these meetings, 
100 of which passed a woman suffrage resolution. Besides this, thirty- 
six clubs of farm women have had a woman suffrage program. We 
had printed a farmer leaflet which went to these clubs, and to the 
granges, 65 of which have endorsed. The Taylor speech has been 
sent to every Grange officer in the State. 

We have sent literature to every county official in the State, in- 
cluding the members of the election boards and the speech of Senator 
Jones to every mayor-elect. We are on our second 10,000 of the 
Grange leaflet. 

Our Federation of Labor 250,000 members, Grange 43,000, Chris- 
tian Endeavor 150,000 members, the Ohio Sunday-school Convention, 
the Ohio Evangelical Association 11,223, the Rural Letter Carriers 
Association (500 delegates present) endorsed our principle. The W. 
C. T. U. with 34,000, W. R. Corps with 12,513, Cleveland and Toledo 
Councils of Women, 2,000 members each, also the Federation of 
Colored Women of the State, 1,000 members, have endorsed. At the 
close of Miss Addams' speech at the State Federation of Women's 
Clubs a rising vote was taken on the suffrage question and it was 
almost unanimous. From these figures it is quite safe to say that 
of the Ohio people who have considered the suffrage question a great 
majority are in favor. 

Our initiative petition is being circulated; we must have in round 
number 130,000 names and these we will get. Although we have only 
one paid worker, we have been able during the year to do work in 
all of the 88 counties. The State President has been in the field 
much more than usual, particularly at fmrn**'- schools, institutes, and 
large meetings. Most of the State officers have been in the field 
and several young women in business devoted their vacation to field 
work. 

We use our Executive Committee meetings for propaganda work. 
We hold a two-day session, the daytime being devoted to business, the 
first evening to street meetings in the towns of the county and the 
second to a public meeting at the county seat or to a banquet, as 
the local people think best. 

There are 102 suffrage organizations in the State, representing 58 
counties. Many local associations have maintained headquarters since 
the last campaign and many others will have them by spring. 

Ohio women believe that it is well for each locality to raise and 
disburse its own funds. At Cleveland one entertainment cleared 
nearly $1,200. Columbus cleared over $500 at the Jane Addams meet- 
ing. Dayton is making a survey and has added 1,000 members to its 
list. Cincinnati has headquarters, entertained the Suffrage Conven- 



98 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

tion and has reorganized the Woman Suffrage Party for campaign 
work. 

Rose Livingstone has been in the State on three occasions and 
done great good. 

The Ohio State President lent a hand in the Michigan campaign 
speaking several times and raising $500 at Mrs. Catt's great meeting 
at Detroit. Mrs. Pankhurst held three or four meetings in the State 
with good results. 

We have a department in "Everywoman," a weekly publication 
which is published at Columbus. 

We have lost many friends by death during the past year, but 
our greatest loss was that of Barry Thomas, the secretary of Ohio 
Federation of Labor. Scarcely a week goes by that we do not miss 
his advice. 'He was a valued friend. 

We opened our books last year with $3,000 and we received an- 
other $3,000, only $50 came from outside the State. Our State chair- 
man of finance, Miss Mary Graham Rice, has fathered in pledges 
about $2,000, a large share of which has ibeen paid in. An Ohio 
friend, through Miss Hauser, contributed $400. 

We opened our fiscal year, November 1, 1913, with $560.10 on hand. 
We received in pledges $2,000 at our late convention. Ohio has never 
seen the bottom of her money bag, but just at this writing she is 
dangerously near that sight. 

Nearly all of our new organizations are on the non-dues paying 
basis, one-tenth are dues paying. We have gained about 3,500 mem- 
bers during the year. 

Our press department is very effective. Mrs. Brooks of Cleve- 
land is the chairman and the work is done there. We have 140 news- 
papers taking our material regularly direct from the State chairman 
and sixty women co-operating on her committee in as many different 
counties. 

We realize that we would not have made the progress we have 
had it not been for our campaign. That campaign was of only three 
months' duration. It could not be a quiet, well-regulated affair, our 
own people inexperienced, so were some who came to us. The State 
owes a debt of everlasting gratitude to the women who aided us with 
money and work, such good work and so much money. Ohio never 
would have been where she is but for this outside help, neither would 
she have been there but for the loyalty of her own women. I say 
women, for few indeed, were the men who lent a hand. 

Up to this writing Ohio has no internal troubles and it is 
hoped this may continue to be the case. 

At the next National Convention we hope we will be real citizens. 
We hope this because we believe Ohio stands near the head of the 
nation in the progress of States and ought to be near the head in 
the enfranchisement of women. I can think of no joy greater than 
that of our own enfranchisement, for we would thus help to bring 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 99 

about the enfranchisement of the women of New York and Pennsyl- 
vania. Surely with the women of Illinois, Ohio, Pennsylvania and 
New York enfranchised our battle will be won. 

HARRIET TAYLOR UPTON, President. 

OHIO 

Equal Franchise Association 

The Ohio Equal Franchise Association, ten months ago, opened 
the first permanent headquarters in southern Ohio. Here, beside 
transacting the regular business of the Association, we have held 
weekly suffrage teas, and taken orders for cooking, sewing and any- 
thing in the line of woman's work. 

Within the year three attractive post-cards have been issued, for 
the latest of which, we gave a prize of $25.00, gaining not only an ar- 
tistic piece of work for sale, but the interest and help of a number of 
artists. 

A series of luncheons have been an attractive feature of the 
present season and have been very profitable. 

The usual county fair work was remarkably successful this year 
and encouraged us by the very evident increase of suffrage sentiment. 
"The Voiceless Speech'" we find invaluable at the noisy county fair. 

Our church work is one of our strongest points, and we feel that 
we have done more in this direction than in any other. Churches and 
parish houses are now open to us, whose members and official boards 
would have (been shocked at the idea a year or two ago. 

From the beginning of our society, we have been much inter- 
ested in national work, and plan an active co-operation with the Con- 
gressional Union as well as work in the southern part of our State. 

As soon as it was known that a Federal amendment was pro- 
posed, our corresponding secretary wrote a letter to both Senators 
and each Congressman from Ohio, urging him, not only to vote but 
to work for the amendment. A number of replies were received, all 
courteous, most non-committal, a few for it, and but one emphatically 
against it. One asked for information, and a brief but interesting cor- 
respondence ensued. 

There is more interest in southern Ohio than ever before, par- 
ticularly in the women's clubs, where we constantly endeavor to place 
speakers, and nothing has foeen more productive of good than the 
telling of Zona Gale's "Friendship Village Stories" and suffrage stories 
by other authors. 

Our speakers and story narrators have appeared before numer- 
ous mothers' clubs of our public schools, and have received apprecia- 
tive attention. 

The Ohio Equal Franchise Association has gained a large and 
valuable membership this year and goes on with renewed hope and 
courage, confident of near victory. 

FLORA E. WORTHINGTON, President. 



100 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

NEBRASKA 

Nebraska suffragists have in the past year been laying the founda- 
tion for an active campaign to enfranchise the women of the State 
in 1914. Work done by the association, and growth of equal suffrage 
sentiment can in no way be measured by increase in paid club mem- 
bers, even though these have been more than doubled without special 
effort. Thousands of men and women are enrolled in non-dues-paying 
campaign organizations throughout the State, and their numbers are 
increasing every day. 

Modest headquarters have been maintained and thereby interest 
has been awakened in churches, clubs, schools, institutes, chautauquas 
and other out of door Summer meetings, and a flattering proportion 
of the newspapers, (both city and country. When it became apparent 
that the amendment campaign must be by the initiative petition 
method, steps were at once taken to interest all parts of the State, 
and one-half of the required petition of 40,000 voters has been secured. 
Two-thirds of the counties have good workers in the field. So valu- 
able has this method of campaigning been found that it will be con- 
tinued after the necessary number of signers have been enrolled, as 
the best means of reaching voters. 

Twice during the year have we had Dr. Anna Howard Shaw 
with us for several addresses to instruct, enthuse, and inspire both 
old and new workers. Last winter in February she spoke to packed 
houses of eager listeners in Lincoln and Omaha, and this Fall she 
again made the trip half way across the continent to speak before 
the 4,000 Nebraska teachers, who in their association meeting one 
year ago for the first time endorsed woman suffrage, and who are 
in the steady march ahead, have this year elected to the presidency 
of the association, composed so largely of women — a woman, Miss 
Kate McHugh. Another straw showing the changing trend of the 
times was the address by Dr. Shaw, upon their own urgent invitation, 
before the Omaha Commercial Club at their public affairs luncheon; 
and the royal way in which the Lincoln Commercial Club took care 
of the State convention of Nebraska suffragists. 

The State association and its auxiliaries have raised and dispensed 
about five thousand dollars during the year, but little more than one- 
tenth of this being membership dues. The campaign ahead will be 
financed by a subscription fund to be raised among the counties 
of the State on a basis of population, $17,000 of which has already 
been pledged. 

The campaign will be pushed with all possible vigor by the same 
official family from the headquarters established in Lincoln, under 
a district and county plan of organization that will have for its aim 
a suffrage meeting in every school house, a new star on the suffrage 
banner in 1914. 

MRS. DRAPER SMITH, President. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 101 

NEW JERSEY 
Women's Political Union 

The Women's Political Union of New Jersey, has increased the 
number of its organizations more than 1300 per cent during the past 
year. In explanation of this per cent, I desire to state that we have 
increased from ten branches to twenty-seven, all but four since last 
April. 

During the past Summer, from its booths and tents at grange 
picnics and agricultural fairs, it reached two hundred thousand of 
our rural population with literature, speakers and the voiceless speech. 

It sent out a caravan "hike" which traversed sixteen of the twenty- 
one counties of the State, and held meetings in forty-one New Jersey 
towns. 

It has established and maintained State headquarters at 79 Halsey 
Street, Newark. 

It has published a handsome illustrated campaign year book of 
forty-two pages, containing much information about the whole suf- 
frage movement in New Jersey, and suggestions for campaign work. 

In co-operation with three other State organizations it paid its 
one-fourth quota of the expenses of our legislative campaign, which 
took the bill so triumphantly through the New Jersey Legislature 
last winter. 

It co-operated in the annual New Jersey suffrage parade Oct. 25, 
and held the great mass meeting at Proctor's Theatre, Newark, after 
the parade. 

It conducts Sunday teas, with speaking and refreshments, every 
Sunday afternoon at its State headquarters. 

It is conducting two classes in public speaking, under Dr. T. Alex. 
Cairns, a man of national reputation on the lecture platform. 

It is steadily organizing the City of Newark by election districts. 
It is keeping in the fields, as its official speaker and organizer, Mrs. 
M. J. Reynolds, who took a well known part in the successful suf- 
frage campaigns of Colorado and Washington. 

Among its various branches during the past year it has given two 
suffrage bazaars, two suffrage plays, a suffrage dance, several large 
social functions at private residences, twenty-five large public meet- 
ings, and a countless number of street meetings, parlor meetings and 
hearings before other organizations. Through its official speaker and 
others, it has presented the cause before granges, trade unions, wom- 
en's clubs, church societies, improvement associations, and civic, liter- 
ary and social organizations of many kinds. 

It brought the moving picture suffrage play into the State and 
secured its exhibition in many moving picture shows. 

It gave the first teachers' suffrage meeting in the State, with Grace 
Strachan, of New York, as speaker. 

It gave the first suffrage meeting in a Catholic parish hall in the 



102 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

City of Newark, with the first Catholic woman speaker to speak in 
Newark, Gertrude O'Reilly of Dublin. It secured the first hearing 
before the Ladies' Catholic Benevolent Association. 

In December 8 it will give a mammoth ball in the largest public 
ballroom in Newark. 

It secured Dr. Anna Shaw and Mrs. Emily Montague Bishop for 
a week each, of campaigning in the State. Aside from those already 
mentioned it has brought into the State such speakers as Inez Mil- 
holland, Beatrice Forbes Robertson Hale, Rev. J. G. Mythen of Balti- 
more, Senator Helen Ring Robinson of Denver, Florence Kelley, 
Leonora O'Reilly, U. S. Senator William E. Borah, and others. 

Owing to the fact that twenty-five cents confers membership for 
life, and to the fact that special efforts have been made in that direc- 
tion, the Women's Political Union has brought into the suffrage move- 
ment of iNew Jersey thousands of working girls and women who had 
never before been numbered in its ranks. It carries on its work en- 
tirely by voluntary contributions, without dues of any kind aside from 
the 'twenty-five cent fee on joining. 

Through its president the Women's Political Union secured the 
insertion of the first suffrage plank in the platform of the Republican 
Party in New Jersey, in the Summer of 1912. This was the first time 
suffragists in New Jersey had asked for a political endorsement. 
This did much to make suffrage a political issue in New Jersey, and un- 
doubtedly ensured the passage of our bill in the Senate last winter 
at Trenton. 

The Union has secured from the State Federation of Labor the 
promise of a Federated Labor man from each of the twenty-one coun- 
ties of the State to serve upon its campaign committee. 

The methods of the Union have been steadily directed toward 
taking the suffrage movement of New Jersey out of a woman's club 
atmosphere and into that of a political issue. Its methods and spirit 
are dictated by the object which it keeps ever before its eyes. That 
object is not to build up a large and successful suffrage organization, 
but to carry the State in 1915. 

The moving spirit of the Women's Political Union is its founder 
and president, Mrs. Mina C. Van Winkle of Newark, who organized 
the Union three years ago, and has ever since enthused it with her 
own intense activity, energy, enthusiasm, optimism and devotion. 

Respectfully submitted, 

LAURA U. NEWTON, Delegate. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 103 

CONDENSED MINUTES OF THE CONVENTION 
DECEMBER, 1913 

Session of Monday, December 1 

Convention called to order at 2.40 P. M. President Shaw in the 
chair. 

Miss Alice Paul, President of the Congressional Union, wel- 
comed the Convention. 

Mrs. Allender, President of the District of Columbia Suffrage As- 
sociation, extended welcome on behalf of the District of Columbia 
Organizations. The response, on behalf of the National Association, 
was made by Mrs. Jacobs, President of the Alabama Association. 

The Chair instructed the delegations to appoint their respective 
members of the Resolutions Committee, and to report said appoint- 
ments to the Secretary. 

The Chair appointed as Committee on Courtesies: Mrs. Kent, of 
California, and Mrs. Crossett, of New York. 

On motion of Mrs. Thompson Seton it was voted that the Chair 
appoint a Committee to take charge of the arrangements for elections 
and appointment was made as follows: 

Chairman, Miss Ruutz-Rees, of Connecticut; Mrs. Helen Hoy Gree- 
ley, of New York; Mrs. Carrie Alexander Bahrenburg, of Illinois; Mrs. 
Mills, of Iowa; Miss Wester, of Tennessee. 

Report of Membership Committee was given by the Chairman, 
Susan W. Fitzgerald. 

It was announced that Associations of South Dakota and North 
Carolina had applied for membership and fulfilled all the requirements 
except that their application, through misunderstanding on the part 
of one State and the demands of the campaign on the other, had been 
made too late to meet the requirements of the Constitution. It was 
voted that since they had fulfilled all other requirements they should 
be admitted, and their delegates seated in the Convention. 

The following reports were presented and accepted: 

Preliminary Credentials Committee Report, Katharine Dexter Mc- 
Cormick, Treasurer. 

Railroad Rates Committee Report, Marie V. Smith. 

Auditors' Report, Harriet Burton Laidlaw, First Auditor. 

Treasurer's Report, Katharine Dexter McCormick, Treasurer. 

Corresponding Secretary's Report, Mary Ware Dennett, Corre- 
sponding Secretary. 

Press Bureau Report, Elinor Byrns, Chairman. 

Literature Committee Report, Frances Maule Bjorkman, Secretary 
of Department. 

It was announced that Mrs. Bjorkman would have to sever her 
connection with the Literature Department, and the Convention ex- 



104 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

tended to her a vote of thanks for the very fine work done by her in 
that department. 

Meeting adjourned at 5.15. 

Morning Session of Tuesday, December 2, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 10.10 A. M. President Shaw in the chair. 

The minutes of the pre-convention sessions of the Executive 
Committee on November 30 .and December 1, and of the first session 
of the Convention Monday, December 1, were read and accepted. 

The following reports were presented and accepted: 

Legal Advisor, Mary Towle. 

Church Committee, Mrs. Craigie. 

Constitutional Revision Committee, Mrs. Catt. 

Since Mrs. Catt stated that she had been unable to give much 
time to the work of the committee during the latter months, the act- 
ing chairman, Miss Ruutz-Rees, and Mrs. Helen Hoy Greeley were 
asked to discuss and explain various sections of the report. 

Mrs. Greeley discussed in detail sections referring to the financial 
support of the National Association, and Miss Ruutz-Rees presented 
and discussed those sections referring to representation in the national 
body. 

It was suggested that the proposed new Constitution be referred 
back to the Committee for further consideration and some changes, 
said committee to consider the discussion by the Convention as in- 
structions. 

It was moved that the instructions to the proposed committee be 
made special order of business at the afternoon session. 

The following reports were then presented and accepted: 

Ways and Means Committee, presented by Dean Riley in place 
of the Chairman, Miss M. Carey Thomas. 

Report of the Field Secretary, by Jeannette Rankin, of Montana. 

Meeting adjourned at 1 o'clock. 

Afternoon Session of Tuesday, December 2, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 2.20. Miss Addams in the chair. 

To facilitate the discussion of the proposed Constitution budget, 
the headquarters expenses in detail were placed upon the blackboard 
and read by the Treasurer. It was moved by Mrs. Breckenridge and 
seconded, to adopt the plan for the financial support of the National 
as submitted by the proposed new Constitution. Discussion was lim- 
ited to three minutes, no one to speak twice until all desiring so to do 
had spoken; 4.30 was the hour set for taking the vote. 

Various substitute motions were moved providing for a report 
from a committee representing those opposed to the Constitution as 
submitted, providing for the tabling of the financial scheme till next 
year, for the tabling of the entire consideration of the Constitution, 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 105 

etc. After a long discussion, in which motions were withdrawn and 
defeated, it was moved and seconded that the Constitution be recom- 
mitted to the Revision Committee, and that they bring in a new report 
embodying as far as possible the views of the Convention. Motion 
carried. 

It was moved that every delegation appoint a member to serve 
on an Advisory Committee to consult with the Constitutional Revision 
Committee in this matter. 

It was moved by Mrs. Hepburn to amend this motion by sub- 
stituting a motion that the Convention go on record as in favor of the 
provision that all affiliated members of the National Association shall 
pay 10 cents for every certified member of their Associations up to 
and including 5,000. The right to amend by substituting a motion not 
germaine to the previous motion was raised, the Chair ruled the motion 
rightly made, appeal was taken from the ruling of the Chair, the 
ruling of the Chair was sustained. Mrs. Hepburn's motion was put 
and carried. 

The report of the Elections Committee was presented by Miss 
Ruutz-Rees and accepted, providing that the primary election be held 
Wednesday, December 3, from 2 to 6 P. M., and the final election be 
held December 4 from 9 to 2.30 P. M., both elections to be held in 
booths conveniently located. 

Attention was called to the fact that these hours did not meet 
the requirements of the Constitution, but the Chair asked unanimous 
consent for waiving of said conditions because the Convention pro- 
gram had necessarily been seriously modified by the many changes 
in connection with the hearing before the Rules Committee. Unani- 
mous consent for this arrangement was granted. 

It was moved by Mrs. Hepburn and seconded that the Convention 
go on record as in favor of exempting the Congressional Union from 
the payment of dues. 

It was moved to adjourn. The motion was carried. Meeting ad- 
journed at 6.15. 

Session of Wednesday Afternoon, December 3, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 2.15. President Shaw in the chair. 

The minutes of the two sessions of Tuesday, December 3, were 
read and accepted. 

It was voted that the Convention proceed to the consideration of 
the incorporation of the literature department as the first order of 
business. 

Pending the report of Mrs. Raymond Brown, the following re- 
ports were presented and accepted: 

Presidential Suffrage, by Elizabeth Upham Yates. 

Report of the Delegates to the International Alliance, by Mrs. 
Weeks. 



106 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Report on Distribution of Public Documents, by Helen H. Gard- 
ener. 

Mrs. Medill McCormick moved, and it was seconded, that "Since 
the President omitted all mention of Woman Suffrage in his Message 
yesterday, and since he has announced that he will send several other 
messages to Congress, outlining the measures which the administra- 
tion will support, I move that this Convention wait upon the Presi- 
dent, in order to lay before him the importance of the Suffrage ques- 
tion and urge upon him to make it an administration measure and 
to send immediately to Congress the recommendation that it proceed 
with this measure before any other. 

"I also move that a committee of two be appointed to make the 
arrangements with the President." After discussion the motion was 
carried. 

The Chair appointed as the committee to make these arrange- 
ments Mrs. McCormick, of Illinois, and Mrs. Desha Breckenridge, of 
Kentucky. 

Mrs. Raymond Brown then reported the plan for the incorpora- 
tion of the literature department and she moved, and it was seconded, 
that a committee be appointed to consider the business details and 
to bring a definite plan of incorporation before the Convention. Mo- 
tion carried. 

The Committee was appointed as follows: Mrs. Raymond Brown, 
Chairman; Mrs. Drier, of Brooklyn ;■ Mrs. Hepburn, of Connecticut; 
Mrs. McCormick, of Massachusetts; Miss Towle, legal advisor. 

The reports from State Presidents were then called for and pre- 
sented as follows: 

Alabama, Patty Jacobs, President. 

'California, Mrs. Kent, representing Mrs. Keith, President. 

Connecticut, Katherine Houghton Hepburn, President. 

Delaware, Martha S. Cranston, President. 

District of Columbia, Nina E. Allender, President. 

Georgia, Mary McLendon. 

Conference on Methods, which had been scheduled for December 
2, was asked for and put in charge of Mrs. Livermore, of New York. 

It was moved and seconded that the time for voting for officers be 
extended one hour. Motion carried. 

It was moved by Miss Hay, and seconded, that special order of 
business for Thursday, December 4, at 10 o'clock, immediately after 
the reading of the minutes, be the report of the Constitutional Com- 
mittee and consideration of the Constitution and the Budget. Mo- 
tion carried. 

Mrs. Belmont gave notice that at the session of December 4 she 
would present a motion to move the National Headquarters to Wash- 
ington. 

Moved to adjourn. Motion carried. Meeting adjourned at 5.40. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 107 

Morning Session of Thursday, December 4, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 10.10. President Shaw in the chair. 

The minutes of the afternoon session of December 3 were read 
and accepted. It was moved and carried that the President read the 
result of the primary election, which was as follows: 

Candidates for President: 

Dr. Shaw 326 

Mrs. Upton 4 

First Vice-President: 

Miss Addams 349 

Scattering 5 

Second Vice-President: 

Miss Ruutz-Rees 141 

Mrs. Desha Breckenridge 116 

Recording Secretary: 

Mrs. FitzGerald 210 

Mrs. Hooker 66 

Corresponding Secretary: 

Mrs. Dennett 208 

Mrs. Boyer 64 

Treasurer: 

Mrs. Stanley McCormick 339 

Mrs. Medill McCormick 3 

First Auditor: 

Mrs. Laidlaw 166 

Mrs. Jacobs 117 

Second Auditor: 

Mrs. Bowen 283 

Mrs. Jacobs 26 

On motion of Miss Hay, duly seconded, it was voted that the Cre- 
dentials Committee present its final report. The report was presented 
and showed a total of voting members present, 468. By vote the re- 
port was accepted. 

Mrs. Catt then presented the report on Constitutional Revision, 
stating that the committee wished to present two alternative proposi- 
ions, as given below; but as a preliminary to take a vote as to the 
willingness of the Convention to accept Paragraphs D and E of Ar- 
ticle III, Section 2, providing for payment of 10 cents per member 
on all members of affiliated organizations, and in case this payment 
did not aggregate 5 per cent of the Budget of said affiliated organi- 



108 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

zations, to pay an additional amount to bring the total up to 5 per 
cent of said Budget. 

If the Convention, 'by the preliminary vote, shows it is willing 
to accept these two provisions, then the committee recommends the 
adoption of the entire new Constitution as submitted with the follow- 
ing changes: 

(1) That Article III, Section 2, Paragraph F, providing for a 
second assessment to meet a possible deficit be stricken out. 

(2) That Article IX, concerning elections, be stricken out. 

(3) That the new Constitution be then referred back to the Com- 
mittee or to a new committee to be changed into Constitution and By- 
Laws and for such alteration of the wording as may be necessary to 
secure greater clearness and brevity without changing the meaning. 

In case the Convention, by its preliminary vote, shows itself un- 
willing to accept Paragraphs D and E of Article III, Section 2, then 
the Committee would recommend that the old Constitution be substi- 
tuted for the new and accepted with the change suggested by Mrs. 
Hepburn's motion of December 3, namely, that all affiliated organiza- 
tions should pay to the National 10 cents on every certified member 
up to and including 5,000; and also that the old Constitution be 
amended by the addition of a Third Vice-President. 

Mrs. Thompson Seton moved, and it was seconded, that the Con- 
vention go on record as in favor of accepting Paragraphs D and E of 
Article III, Section 2, and that the campaign States be exempted 
from the 5 per cent tax on their Budget, without further discussion. 

At the suggestion of Mrs. Ellicott, Mrs. Thompson Seton ac- 
cepted an amendment to the effect that further exceptions be made to 
the 5 per cent tax, these exceptions to be determined later. After dis- 
cussion the motion was carried. 

The Convention having thus gone on record as in favor of the 
provisions of Paragraphs D and E, Mrs. Catt then recommended, in 
the name of the committee, that the Convention accept the Constitu- 
tion with changes before mentioned, and with the addition of Mrs. 
Thompson Seton's provision concerning campaign States. 

It was moved by Miss Clay and seconded that in the proposed 
Constitution, in Article IV, Section 2, concerning representation and 
dues throughout, "$20" be changed to "$10," and "200 members" to 
"100 members." Motion carried. 

It was then moved by Miss Shaw, Miss Addams having taken the 
chair, that Article IV, Section 3, be further amended so that it should 
read: "That the auxiliary members be entitled to representation at the 
Annual Convention by ten delegates." Motion carried. 

The Chair asked permission to introduce Senator Clapp, of Minne- 
sota, who extended a cordial invitation to the Association to hold its 
next Convention in St. Paul. 

Miss Shaw then further moved that Article VII, Section 1, be 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 109 

amended so as to provide that upon the Executive Council should be 
found "the President of all affiliated and auxiliary Suffrage organiza- 
tions, and one member from each affiliated organization." Motion 
carried. 

On motion of Miss Hay, duly seconded, it was voted to substitute 
Article II of the old Constitution, concerning the object, for Article 
II of the new Constitution. 

The chair asked unanimous consent to hear the report of the Com- 
mittee on Arrangements for the President's Reception of the Conven- 
tion. On account of the President's illness, it was necessary to post- 
pone this hearing. On motion of Miss Addams, duly seconded, it was 
voted to express the appreciation of the Convention of the President's 
effort to grant a hearing, and of regret for his illness. 

It was then moved by Mrs. Hepburn, and seconded, that Article 
VIII, Section 2, of the Constitution, be amended to provide that in 
voting on the election of officers and the Budget, each delegation shall 
be entitled to cast the full vote to which its organization is entitled. 
After discussion the motion was lost. 

Mrs. Hepburn then moved to amend by providing that each dele- 
gation cast the entire vote of its Association on all questions concern- 
ing the amount of the Budget. Motion lost. 

It was moved by Mrs. Patterson, of Pennsylvania, and seconded, 
to amend Article III, Section 2, to read: "The affiliated members 
shall be the State Associations, and only one such Association shall 
be admitted from each State; provided that this section shall not apply 
to organizations already holding membership in the National Associa- 
tion. An Association, to become affiliated, must have at least 200 
certified members." Motion lost. 

It was moved by Mrs. Hepburn, and seconded, that Article III, 
Section 2, Paragraph E, of the proposed new Constitution, be amended 
by adding, "provided in no case any such Association shall be as- 
sessed more than $1,000." 

It was moved by Miss Ruutz-Rees to amend by changing "$1,000" 
to "$1,500." The motion to amend was lost. The original motion was 
lost. 

It was moved by Miss Hay, and seconded, that the special order of 
business at 2 o'clock be the report of Committee on Incorporating the 
Literature Department. Motion carried. 

It was moved and seconded to extend the time of voting to 4 
o'clock. Motion carried. 

It was moved by Mrs. Laddey, and seconded, that the Convention 
adopt the new proposed Constitution as amended by the votes of the 
present session. It was ruled by the Chair that the motion was out of 
order until Mrs. Lewis should have been given an opportunity for 
which she had previously asked, to present an entirely new alternative 



110 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Constitution. Mrs. Lewis presented her proposed new Constitution 
as follows: 

I. — Name, same as before. 
II. — Object, same as before. 
III. — Any person believing in the object of the Association may 

become a member. 
IV. — The Association shall be supported by voluntary contribu- 
tions. 
V.- — There shall be seven officers, as follows: President, First 
Vice-President, Second Vice-President, Corresponding 
Secretary, Recording Secretary, Treasurer and Auditor. 
VI. — There shall be an annual conference of the members of the 
Association on Suffrage work. 
VII. — The officers shall be elected by those members present at 
the annual conference, according to parliamentary rules. 

Mrs. Lewis moved, and it was seconded, to adopt this alternative 
Constitution as a substitute for the proposed new Constitution. Mo- 
tion lost. 

It was moved by Mrs. Catt, and seconded, that the proposed new 
Constitution as amended by the votes of this session be accepted, with 
the provision that the Convention be able to amend further in con- 
nection with the assessment of campaign States. 

Upon suggestion of Miss Addams, Mrs. Catt accepted the follow- 
ing amendment to her motion: That the Convention adopt the pro- 
posed new Constitution as recommended by the committee, with such 
further amendments as have been made in this session, and that the 
whole be recommitted to the committee for division into Constitution 
and By-Laws, for change of wording to secure clearness and brevity 
and for the making of some special arrangement with regard to the 
5 per cent levy on Campaign States and on funds directly contributed 
to campaigns in their States. Motion carried. 

It was moved to adjourn. Meeting adjourned at 1.20. 

Session of Thursday Afternoon, December 4, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 2.30. President Shaw in the Chair. 

Special order of business, namely, report of the Committee on 
Incorporation of the Literature Department, was called for and pre- 
sented by Mrs. Brown. On motion made and duly seconded it was 
voted that the report be accepted. 

On motion of Mrs. Weeks, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
Publication Company be incorporated as outlined by the report of the 
committee. 

The report reads as follows: 

1. The President and Official Board shall appoint five members 
of the Association as incorporators, who will also be directors for 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 111 

one year, until stockholders can vote for directors as in other cor- 
porations. 

2. Stock should be paid for in full and non-assessible. 

3. That, until February 1st, stock be open to subscription from 
members of National Association only. After February 1st, any 
amount outstanding, if any, be open to general subscription. 

4. Association shall vote that after Company is incorporated, 
it shall give its good will and stock in trade in return for fifty- 
two per cent of the capital stock, which will be $26,000. 

5. This $26,000 stock shall be put in hands of three trustees, 
to be appointed by the Official Board, and who shall hold the stock 
in perpetuity for the National Association. 

6. Trustees shall enter into an agreement to transfer their stock 
to anyone designated by the Association. 

Moved and seconded that the report be accepted. Motion carried. 

Since the incorporation of the Literature Department must depend 
upon the sale of $10,000 worth of stock before the business can be 
undertaken, and since this question must be determined before the 
Budget of the Association is voted on, on motion of Mrs. Ellicott, 
duly seconded, it was voted that five minutes be taken for securing the 
pledges of stock at $10 a share. At the close of five minutes the time 
was further extended two minutes by common consent. At the close 
of this time it was announced that stock to the extent of $11,000 had 
been taken. 

On motion of Mrs. Catt, duly seconded, it was voted that after 
the discussion of the Budget, the report of the Congressional work be 
heard and discussed. 

The Budget was then taken up for discussion, and, on motion of 
Miss Addams, duly seconded, it was voted that the Treasurer read 
the report of the expenditures of the past year, omitting the expenses 
of the Literature Department, these figures to serve as a basis for the 
discussion of the Budget presented for the coming year. 

This was done, and, after discussion and explanation by the Treas- 
urer and the Corresponding Secretary, on motion of Mrs. Roessing, 
duly seconded, it was voted that the Convention add an item of $1,000 
for free literature to be used for campaigns and propaganda purposes. 
Motion carried. 

On motion of Mrs. Harvey, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
Budget be amended by adding the sum of $2,000 for an emergency 
fund. 

On motion duly made and seconded, it was voted to accept the 
proposed Budget of $20,626 with the addition of the above two items 
aggregating $3,000, making a total Budget for the coming year of 
$23,626. Motion carried. 

Mrs. Belmont moved, and it was seconded, that the National head- 
quarters be moved from New York to Washington. 



112 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

On motion of Mrs. Greeley, duly seconded, it was voted to lay 
the motion on the table. Motion carried. 

The 'Chair presented Mrs. Champ Clark, who spoke briefly to the 
Convention. 

Mrs. Catt withdrew her motion for the consideration of the Con- 
gressional work, that the Convention might proceed and take pledges 
for the Budget for the coming year. The Secretary and Treasurer 
estimated that from dues and assessments the Association might expect 
to realize $11,000, leaving a balance of $12,000 to be raised. The Presi- 
dent then asked for pledges, and generous response was made, result- 
ing in the promise of $12,571. 

On motion by Miss Hay, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
special order of business for the morning session of Friday, the 5th, 
be the report of the Congressional Committee. 

The reports from campaign States were called for and were given 
as follows: 

Nevada — Anne Martin, President. 

Montana — Jeannette Rankin, President. 

Miss Blackwell, having returned from the "anti"-hearing at the 
Capitol, reported briefly upon it. 

It was moved to adjourn. The meeting adjourned at 5.50 P. M. 

Session of Friday Morning, December 5, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 10.10. President Shaw in the chair. 

Minutes of the two sessions of December 4 were read and accepted. 

The report from Ohio was presented by the President, Mrs. Upton, 
as a matter of personal privilege, since she was obliged to leave the 
Convention on National business. Report accepted. 

By unanimous consent Mrs. Medill McCormick reported on the 
plans for being received by the President, and upon her motion it was 
voted to appoint a committee of not less than 55, representing the 
various auxiliary organizations, to await the President's pleasure and 
call upon him to lay before him the importance of the Suffrage issue. 

The report of the National Congressional Committee and of the 
Congressional Union were then presented together by Miss Alice 
Paul, Chairman of the Congressional Committee, who stated that it 
was impossible for her to separate the two reports. It was moved 
by Mrs. Catt and seconded that that part of the report which consti- 
tuted the report of the Congressional Committee be accepted, and she 
asked the following questions for information: 

(1) What is the relation of the National Congressional Com- 
mittee to the National Association, and if it is that of a regular com- 
mittee of the Association, she asked why there is no appropriation for 
its work for the coming year, and why there was apparently no 
statement of its expenditure in the Treasurer's report for the past year. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 113 

(2) She further asked what is the relation between the National 
Congressional Committee and the Congressional Union, and why, as 
the National Congressional Committee is to work for and under the 
control of the National Association, it should not be the policy of the 
Board to appoint one of its members possessed of special political 
acumen to devote her whole time to the work of the furtherance of 
the Constitutional Amendment and to the direction of the Congres- 
sional Committee. 

It was moved by Mrs. Jenks and seconded that the National 
Board reaffirm the appointment of the Congressional Committee and 
appoint Miss Paul to take charge of this work. Motion ruled out 
of order, as a motion was already before the house. 

The motion to accept the report of the Congressional Committee 
was then carried. 

By unanimous consent opportunity was given to Congressman 
McKeller, of Tennessee, to address the National Association and ex- 
tend to it an invitation to hold its next Annual Convention at Chat- 
tanooga. Vote of thanks to Mr. McKeller was carried. 

On motion of Mrs. Catt, duly seconded, it was voted that when 
the Convention adjourn, all unfinished business be left to the Executive 
Committee. 

On motion of Mrs. Medill McCormick, duly seconded, it was 
voted that in order that the Convention may give its support to the 
Constitutional Amendment before Congress, the Convention instruct 
its affiliated organizations to carry on as active a campaign as possible 
in their respective States, and to see that all candidates for the United 
States Congress be pledged to Woman's Suffrage before the next 
election. 

The Committee on Constitutional Revision, to which the question 
of the definition of campaign States had been referred, then reported 
as follows: That it would recommend that States in campaign be 
exempted from the 5 per cent payment of dues, and, further, that funds 
directly contributed for campaigns outside of the State be exempt 
from the 5 per cent tax. That it further recommended that a cam- 
paign State be defined as a State in which the Suffrage Amendment 
had received final legislative action or had been successfully presented 
by initiative petition so that the next legal step was submission to the 
voters. It was moved and seconded to accept the report of the Com- 
mittee. 

It was moved by Miss Hay, and seconded, to amend the report by 
defining campaign States as those States in which the Suffrage Amend- 
ment had passed one Legislature. Motion lost. Original motion was 
then put and carried. 

It was moved by Mrs. Catt, and seconded, that it be the request 
of the Convention to the Executive Committee that the Congressional 
Committee be continued another year, and that the Official Board and 



114 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Congressional Committee co-operate so as to adjust matters that all 
causes of embarrassment to the members of the Convention be re- 
moved. Mrs. Catt accepted as an amendment to her motion the fol- 
lowing addition: That the Official Board, at its post-convention meet- 
ing, shall estimate what money is available over and above the needs 
of the Budget, and shall appropriate such money as seems possible 
to the work of the Congressional Committee. Motion carried. 

It was moved and seconded that the report of the Congressional 
Union be accepted. Motion carried. 

President Shaw rose to a question of personal privilege to answer 
a statement incorrectly made in the press report of her address on 
Monday evening, accusing her of stating that militancy was now the 
only available weapon. She explained that her statement had been a 
quotation from Miss Anthony giving quite a different impression from 
that stated, and she closed with the statement that the National Asso- 
ciation would never use other than Constitutional methods, inasmuch 
as they would win by the employment of such methods. 

• Miss Addams rose to a question of personal privilege to deny a 
reported rumor to the effect that the entire Official Board would re- 
sign if the National headquarters was moved to Washington. 

The report of the Resolutions Committee was called for and pre- 
sented. On motion duly made and seconded it was accepted with 
several additions. 

On motion of Mrs. Catt, the Chairman of the Constitutional Re- 
vision Committee, duly seconded, it was voted to omit from the new 
Constitution that clause fixing the date of the Convention and to in- 
sert a clause providing that the date be left to the discussion of the 
Official Board. 

The delegates from the Woman's Party of Cook County, 111., an- 
nounced an additional pledge of $1,000 to the National Association 
through Illinois in honor of the famous lobby that won freedom for 
women in that State, namely, Grace Wilbur Trout, Mrs. Sherman M. 
Booth, Mrs. Antoinette Funk, and Mrs. Medill McCormick. 

Moved to adjourn. The meeting' and the Convention adjourned 
at 12.40. 

CONDENSED MINUTES OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 

MEETING 

Pre- Convention Meeting, Saturday, November 29, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 8.30. 
President Shaw in the chair. 
The roll was called. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted that the program 
as printed be adopted as the order of business of the Convention. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted that the Chair 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 115 

appoint a committee of two to draw lots for the seating of the dele- 
gates in the Convention. 

The recommendations made by the Official Board to the Execu- 
tive Committee and the Convention were then read. 

The first recommendation was that the incorporation of the Liter- 
ature Department, according to the recommendation of the special 
committee appointed for that purpose, be approved, provided that stock 
to the amount of $10,000 (ten thousand dollars) be pledged. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted that the recom- 
mendation for the incorporation of the Literature Department be en- 
dorsed by the Executive Committee. 

The second recommendation made by the Official Board to the 
Executive Committee was the adoption of the proposed budget for 
1914. On motion duly made and seconded it was voted that the con- 
sideration of the budget be postponed until after action upon the pro- 
posed Constitution. 

The third recommendation from the Official Board was an en- 
dorsement of the Suffrage School as a method of work and an offer 
on the part of the National Association to organize and send out 
a traveling suffrage school when requested by six or more States, 
provided said States shall agree to share the expense thereof. 

On motion of Miss Blackwell, duly seconded, it was voted to ap- 
prove of this recommendation concerning the suffrage school. 

The fourth recommendation of the Official Board was the adop- 
tion of the proposed new Constitution, with certain verbal changes. 
By previous motion, the consideration of this recommendation had 
been made the first order of business for the meeting of Monday 
forenoon. 

A telegram from Governor Eberhardt, of Minnesota, was read, 
inviting the National Association to hold its next Annual Conven- 
tion at St. Paul, and on motion duly made and seconded, it was 
voted to send him a telegram of appreciation for the extended 
courtesy. 

The meeting then adjourned at 10 P. M. 

December 1, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 10.30. 

Miss Addams in the chair. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted to consider the 
proposed new Constitution section by section. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted to recommend 
to the Convention to adopt Article I as proposed. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted that the Execu- 
tive Committee recommend the adoption of Article II, as proposed. 

On motion duly made and seconded, it was voted to recommend 
the adoption of Article III, Section 1. 



116 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted to recommend 
Article III, Section 2, heading paragraph. 

On motion of Miss Blackwell, duly seconded, it was voted to 
amend this paragraph by adding "societies now auxiliary to our State 
Association shall not be eligible to direct membership in the National, 
unless they have been refused auxiliaryship in their States." Motion 
carried by vote of 32 — 26. 

Moved and seconded to recommend that Article III, Section 2, 
heading paragraph as amended. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted to recommend 
the adoption of Article III, Section 2, paragraph a. 

On motion duly made and seconded, it was voted to recommend 
the adoption of Article III, Section 2, paragraph b. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted to recommend to 
the Convention for adoption Article III, Section 2, from paragraph c 
to close. 

On motion of Mrs. Dennett, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
minutes of the Convention be read only once a day .at the beginning 
of the morning session. 

Meeting adjourned at 12.45. 

Post-Convention Meeting, Friday, December 5, 1913 

Meeting called to order at 2.10. 

President Shaw in the chair. 

It was moved and seconded to exclude the press from this meet- 
ing. Motion carried. 

The President then raised for discussion the question of establish- 
ing some definite connection between the enfranchised women of the 
United States and the National Association, and, after discussion, on 
motion duly made and seconded, it was voted that the Official Board 
appoint a committee to devise such a scheme and when approved by 
the Board, such scheme become effective. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted to accept the 
minutes with necessary verbal corrections. 

On motion by Mrs. Dennett, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
reports of Associations, except those from campaign States, be filed 
with the Secretary long enough in advance of the Convention for 
them to be printed and in the hands of the delegates at the Con- 
vention. 

Mrs. Roessing, of Pennsylvania, asked for instructions of the 
Executive Committee as to statements in press letters circulated in 
the various States and stating the policies of the National Association. 

After discussion, on motion by Miss Hay, duly seconded, it was 
voted that it be the sense of the Executive Board that any press no- 
tice issued by a committee of the National Association outlining the 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 117 

policy of the National Association must have the O. K. of the Official 
Board, or of someone authorized by the Official Board. 

Miss Hay asked that the Official Board have the new Constitu- 
tion printed and sent out at once without waiting for the printing 
of the minutes. 

On motion of Mrs. Dennett, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
Executive Committee co-operate to secure requests from members 
of various affiliated Associations that their dues might be considered 
as subscriptions to the Monthly Bulletin! of the National. 

On motion by Mrs. Leonard, duly seconded, it was voted that the 
plans of the Election Committee for the method of elections be sent 
out to the various affiliated and auxiliary organizations not less than 
three months previous to the next Convention. 

On motion by Mrs. Dennett, duly seconded, it was voted that it be 
the sense of this body that if the reports of the affiliated and auxiliary 
organizations be not in the hands of the Secretary by the 20th of 
December, the printing of the minutes shall not be delayed. 

Mrs. Breckenridge asked for discussion of what the National 
could do for those weaker States not yet campaign States. 

On motion by Mrs. Park, duly seconded, it was voted that arrange- 
ments be made for work conferences covering one or two days pre- 
ceding the Convention, and if possible, during the sessions of the next 
Convention. 

On motion duly made and seconded it was voted that, at the next 
Convention there be an official timekeeper, selected by the Board. 

The Chair asked for the appointment of the Membership Com- 
mittee, and it was voted, on motion duly made and seconded, that 
those members of the Membership Committee who are eligible shall 
be re-appointed for the coming year. 

On motion duly made and seconded, it was voted that Mrs. 
Jacobs, of Alabama, and Mrs. Trout, of Chicago, be appointed to the 
remaining vacancies on the Membership Committee. 

Meeting adjourned at 3.45. 

SUSAN W. FITZGERALD, Recording Secretary. 



118 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



CONSTITUTION OF THE NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMAN 
SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION 

Adopted by the Convention at Washington, December, 1913 



Note — All new matter is set in italics. References in brackets are to 
the old Constitution. 



Article I 

Name 



The name of this body shall be the National American Woman 
Suffrage Association. (Art I.) 

Article II 
Object 

The object of this Association shall be to secure protection, in their 
right to vote, to the women citizens of the United States, by appropri- 
ate National and State legislation. (Art. II.) 



Classes of Membership, Dues and Obligations 
Section 1. There shall be five classes of members, viz. : Affiliated, 

Auxiliary, Associate, Co-operating and Life Members. (See Art. III.) 
Sec. 2. Any suffrage organisation of 200 or more certified members 

may become an Affiliated member. 

a. An Affiliated member shall, eight weeks prior to the Na- 
tional Convention, certify to the Treasurer, in a writing signed 
by three officers, the membership recognised by it at that date: 

b. An Affiliated member shall pay annual dues of ten cents 
for every certified member up to and including 5,000 members, 
and may pay similar dues on certified members in excess of that 
number. 

c. An Affiliated member shall, eight weeks prior to the Na- 
tional Convention, submit to the National Treasurer a budgetary 
estimate of its total expenditures for its current fiscal year, based 
upon its actual expenditures during the first ten months of that 
year. No gift from an Affiliated member to a campaign State 
shall be included in such estimate. 

d. Whenever its total membership dues payable shall amount 
to less than 5 per cent of its year's expenditures so computed, an 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 119 

Affiliated member shall make additional payment of the difference 
between such 5 per cent and its said total dues, such payment to 
be made within the second quarter of the National Association's 
fiscal year, upon notice and requisition by the Treasurer; except 
that no Affiliated member in any campaign State shall be required 
to make any such additional payment. 

e. For the purposes of this article a campaign State shall 

be any State in which a woman suffrage referendum shall be 

pending in consequence of final action by the State Legislature 

or the due filing of an initiative petition. 

Sec. 3. Any non-affiliated suffrage organisation may become an 

Auxiliary member upon approval by two-thirds of the Executive Council 

and upon payment of annual dues of $100.00. (Art. Ill, Sec. 2.) 

Sec. 4. Any organization which officially endorses woman suffrage may 

become an Associate member upon approval by two-thirds of the Executive 

Council and upon payment of annual dues of $25.00. (Art. Ill, Sec. 6.) 

Sec. 5. Any individual may become a Co-operating member upon 

payment of annual dues of $10.00. (Art. Ill, Sec. 5.) 

Sec. 6. Any individual may become a Life member upon payment of 
$100.00. (Art. Ill, Sec. 3.) 

Article IV 

The Annual Convention, Privileges and Representation 
Section 1. The Annual Convention shall be composed of the Directors 
and ex-Presidents of the Association, Chairmen of Standing Committees, 
Presidents of Affiliated and Auxiliary Organizations and members thereof 
elected to the Executive Council, and all delegates regularly chosen by 
Affiliated, Auxiliary and Associate organizations and duly accredited to 
the Convention, each of whom shall be entitled to vote thereat. (Art. Ill, 
Sec. 4.) 

Sec. 2. An Affiliated member shall be entitled to representation at the 
Annual Convention as follows : 

a. By its president and one delegate for every 100 certified 
members, or major fraction thereof, for whom it pays annual 
dues of ten cents per member. (Art. Ill, Sees. 1 and 4.) 

b. By one delegate for every $10 of any assessment paid by 
it under Article III, Section 2, e., provided, however, that for 
every $10 so paid a membership of 100 shall be certified to as 
existing in addition to that membership upon which dues shall 
already have been paid. 

Sec. 3. An Auxiliary member shall be entitled to representation at the 
Annual Convention by ten delegates. (See Art. Ill, Sees. 1 and 4.) 

Sec. 4. An Associate member shall be entitled to representation at the 
Annual Convention by one delegate. (See Art. Ill, Sec. 6.) 



120 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Sec. 5. A Co-operative member shall be entitled to receive reports 
published by the Association and to attend all of its public meetings, but 
shall not be entitled to vote. (See Art. Ill, Sec. 3.) 

Sec. 6. A Life member shall be entitled to receive all reports pub- 
lished by the Association, to attend all of its public meetings and to par- 
ticipate in all of its discussions, but shall not be entitled to vote. (Art. 
Ill, Sec. 3.) 

Sec. 7. No representaton shall be allowed to any member that has 
failed to pay annual dues or meet obligations imposed by Article III. 

Article V 

Directors 

Section 1. The Board of Directors of the Association shall consist of 
the Officers thereof as elected at the Annual Convention, in the manner 
hereinafter provided. 

Sec. 2. Vacancies in the Board of Directors shall be filled for the un- 
expired term by a majority vote of the remaining directors at any special 
meeting called for that purpose, at any regular meeting, or by corre- 
spondence. (New in form. See Art. VII, Sec. 3.) 

Sec. 3. In case the entire Board of Directors shall die or resign, the 
Secretary of the Executive Council shall call a special meeting of the 
Executive Council by which body directors shall then be elected for the 
unexpired term in the manner provided for their election at annual 
meetings. 

Sec. 4. A person chosen to fill a vacancy in the Board shall serve until 
the close of the next annual convention. 

Sec. 5. The Board of Directors may adopt such rules and regulations 
for their meetings, the conduct thereof, and the management of the affairs 
of the Association as they may deem proper, not inconsistent with the 
laws of the District of Columbia, the Constitution of the United States or 
this Constitution. But in their management of the affairs of the Associa- 
tion, the Board of Directors shall incur no financial obligations for which 
the Annual Convention shall not have 1 voted the necessary funds unless 
they shall themselves have, or through their own, efforts provide, means to 
meet such obligations. 

Article VI 

Officers — Duties and Liabilities 

Section 1. The Officers shall be a President, a First Vice-President, a 
Second Vice-President, a Third Vice-President, a Recording Secretary, a 
Corresponding Secretary, a Treasurer, a First Auditor and a Second 
Auditor. (Art IV, Sec. 1.) 

Each of such officers shall serve for the term of one year beginning 
immediately upon the close of the Annual Convention. (Art. VII, Sec. 2.) 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 121 

Sec. 2. The President shall perform all the duties incident to her 
office. (Art. V, Sec. 2.) 

Sec. 3. The First, the Second, or the Third Vice-President in said 
order shall, in the absence or incapacity of the President, perform the 
duties of the President. (Art. V, Sec. 3.) 

Sec. 4. The Recording Secretary shall keep the minutes of the Asso- 
ciation, and a record of all its proceedings, and shall perform all the 
duties incident to her office. (Art. V, Sec. 4.) 

Sec. 5. The Corresponding Secretary shall act as the Executive Sec- 
retary of the organization and make a detailed report to the Convention. 
(See Art. V, Sec. 5.) 

Sec. 6. The Treasurer shall have the custody of all funds and securi- 
ties of the Association, shall pay the bills of the Association,, and sign all 
checks and orders for the disbursement of the Association's moneys, 
which shall be countersigned by another director, preferably the President. 

The Treasurer shall keep an accurate account of receipts and dis- 
bursements and shall send a monthly summary to the directors. (Art. V, 
Sec. 6.) 

The Treasurer shall compute the sums due from members under 
Article III, Section 2, e., shall make requisition upon the respective mem- 
bers therefor, and shall, to the best of her ability, collect all pledges and 
moneys payable to the Association. 

The Treasurer by and with the advice and assistance of the Board of 
Directors shall prepare a tentative budgetary estimate of the disburse- 
ments of the Association for the ensuing year and four weeks before the 
Annual Convention shall present such tentative budget to the members of 
the Executive Council and to all Affiliated and Auxiliary Associations. 

The Treasurer shall be ex-officio chairman of the Committee on Cre- 
dentials. (Art V, Sec 6.) 

Sec. 7. The Auditors shall examine and verify the books of the 
Treasurer and shall give a report thereof at the first business meeting of 
the Convention. (Art. V, Sec. 7.) 

Article VII 

Executive Council — Duties and Powers 
Section 1. The Executive Council shall consist of the Directors of the 
Association, the Chairmen of Standing and Special Committees, the Presi- 
dents of Affiliated and Auxiliary Suffrage Organizations, and one member 
from each Affiliated organization, of whom fifteen shall constitute a 
quorum for the transaction of business. (Art. VII, Sec. 1.) 

The President of the Association shall act as President of the 
Council. A Secretary other than a Director shall be nominated and 
elected by acclamation at the post-convention meeting of the Council. 

Sec. 2. Regular meetings of the Executive Council shall be held im- 
mediately preceding and immediately following the Annual Convention 



122 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

of the Association. (Art. VI, Sec. 2.) Special meetings may be called at 
any time by a majority of the Directors, or by the President upon the 
written request of fifteen members of the Executive Council. 

Notice of a special meeting shall be mailed to each member at least two 
weeks before the date of such meeting. 

Sec. 3. The Executive Council shall deliberate concerning the plans 
and policies of the Association and the opportunities and means for their 
advancement in the several sections of the United States as well as in the 
nation as a whole, and shall make recommendations and suggestions to 
the Association in regard thereto at the business sessions of the Conven- 
tion and to the Directors from time to time as occasion or prudence may 
urge. (See Art. VI, Sec. 3.) 

Sec. 4. The members of the Executive Council shall act also by corre- 
spondence, a majority vote determining, upon all matters referred to the 
Council by the Directors (Art. VI, Sec. 4) and, whenever requested or 
empowered by the Directors, they or any of them shall advise or co-operate 
with the Board or advise, act or co-operate with or upon any of its com- 
mittees for the transaction] of Association business. 

Sec. 5. The Executive Council shall at its pre-convention session give 
special consideration to the budget for the follozving year and shall make 
written recommendations to the Convention in regard thereto. 

Sec. 6. The Executive Council shall, at its regular post-convention 
session, elect from its own number a Committee on Membership, consist- 
ing of five members, which shall pass upon the qualifications of organiza- 
tions applying for affiliated or associate membership in the Association. 
(By-Law III, Sec. 3.) 

Article VIII 
Amendment 
This Constitution may be amended by a two-thirds vote of any annual 
meeting, after one day's notice in the Convention, provided that notice 
of the proposed amendment shall have been given to the Board and said 
Board shall have made publication thereof in, at least three of the leading 
suffrage periodicals, not less than six weeks before the opening of the 
Convention. (Art. VIII.) 

[iNote : The proposed Article on Elections was omitted by vote of 
the Convention.] 



By-Law I 

Annual Meeting 
Section 1. There shall be an Annual Convention of the Association 
for the election of Directors, the adoption of a budget and the transaction 
of such other business as may properly come before it. (By-Law I, 
Sec. 1.) 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 123 

The Convention shall be held upon days and in a city to be designated 
by the Directors, and shall be in session for at least four business days. 

Notice of the Convention shall be mailed to all Affiliated, Auxiliary 
and Associate members and shall be published in three of the leading 
suffrage periodicals at least six weeks before the opening of the Con- 
vention. 

Sec. 2. The number of delegates' credentials issued to any member 
shall be determined six weeks in advanc of the National Convention by 
the member's standing in the Association at that date and the Treasurer 
shall thereupon provide Affiliated and Auxiliary members with blank cre- 
dentials for delegates and alternates. (Art. V, Sec. 6.) 

Sec. 3. Affiliated and Auxiliary organizations shall have communi- 
cated the names and addresses of their respective delegates and alternates 
in writing to the Credentials Committee at least twenty-four hours before 
the opening of the Convention. 

Sec. 4. No credentials shall be issued after the close of the first busi- 
ness day of the Convention. 

Sec. 5. Delegates holding certificates signed by the President and the 
Recording Secretary of their respective organisations and presenting the 
same to the Credentials Committee before the close of the first business 
day of the Convention shall be deemed prima facie entitled to their seats 
and pending the final report of the Credentials Committee shall have the 
right to vote upon all questions except that of their right to their own 
seats. (See By-Law I, Sec. 5.) 

Sec. 6. Accredited delegates to the Contention shall sit together by 
delegations in the section of the Convention hall reserved for them. Al- 
ternates shall be seated together elsewhere and shall not be admitted to 
seats in the delegates' section except when duly recognised as acting 
delegates. 

Sec. 7. The Committee on Resolutions shall consist of representa- 
tives from the several States and the District of Columbia, one person to 
be elected from each State and one from the District of Columbia by the 
delegations therefrom, at a joint meeting during the Convention called by 
the President of the senior organization thereof. This committee shall 
choose its own chairman. (By-Law II and By-Law III, Sec. 2.) 

Sec. 8. In case an Affiliated or an Auxiliary organization shall be 
unrepresented at the sessions of the Executive Council by its President 
or duly chosen member, the delegation from such organization shall have 
power to elect from its own number a representative to the Council. ( By- 
Law I, Sec. 2.) 

Sec. 9. The morning session of the second business day, or as much 
thereof as may be necessary, shall be given to discusion of the tentative 
budget. 



124 MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 

Sec. 10. Beginning with the morning session of the fourth business 
day, no further business shall be considered until a budget for the ensuing 
year shall have been adopted. 

By-Law II 

Standing Committees 

Section 1. The Board, immediately after the Annual Convention, shall 
appoint a legal advisor and Standing Committees as follows : Congres- 
sional Work, Elections, Finance, Literature, Local Arrangements and 
Railroad Rates, Presidential Suffrage, Press Work, Program. (By-Law 
III, Sec. 1.) .... 

Sec. 2. The President of the Association shall be the Chairman of the 
Program Committee. (By-Law III, Sec. 1.) 

By-Law III 

Honorary Vice-Presidents 
The Executive Council may elect as Honorary Vice-Presidents of the 
Association distinguished adherents of the cause of Wbman Suffrage 
who cannot do active work in the National Association. (Art. VI, Sec. 5.) 

By-Law IV 

Payment of Dues and Pledges 

Section 1. Annual dues shall be paid within three months after the 
National Convention and in amount shall be determined upon the mem- 
bership certified to the Treasurer in the manner provided for in this 
Article; except that an Affiliated body joining the Association more than 
go days after the Annual Convention shall pay its dues immediately upon 
joining, the amount thereof being determined upon its membership certi- 
fied at the date of joining. 

Sec. 2. Dues of other than Affiliated members shall be paid by such 
members immediately upon their joining the Association and thereafter 
annually within so days following the close of the National Convention. 

Sec. 3. Pledges made at the Convention shall be payable not later than 
April 1st of the following year. (By-Law I, Sec. 6.) 

By-Law V 

Treasurer's Bond and Report — Audit of Books 
Section 1. The Treasurer shall give bond for the faithful per- 
formance of her duties in such sum as the Board may determine. (See 
By-Law V.) 

Sec. 2. The books of the Treasurer shall close four weeks before the 
Annual Convention and the report of the Treasurer shall be made at the 
first business session of the Annual Convention. (Art. V, Sec. 6.) 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 125 

Sec. 3. The books of the Association shall be audited by a certified 
public accountant every six months. 

By-Law VI 

Amendment 
Section 1. These By-Laws may be amended by a two-thirds vote of any 
annual meeting, after one day's notice in the Convention, provided that 
notice of the proposed amendment shall have been given to the Board and 
said Board shall have made publication thereof in at least three of the 
leading suffrage periodicals, not less than six weeks before the opening of 
the Convention. (Art. VIII.) 

[Note: The Articles submitted to and adopted by the Convention 
were not separated into Constitution and By-Laws until after the Con- 
vention. In the absence of action by the Convention on the method of 
amendment of By-Laws, the Revision Committee had no power to incor- 
porate into the By-Laws a method of amendment different from that 
adopted by the Convention regarding the same sections when they were 
denominated "Constitution." Accordingly, the provision for the amend- 
ment of the By-Laws is the same as that for the amendment of the Con- 
stitution.] 



126 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



LIFE MEMBERS 



Arabia 

Hamilton, Susan V. V. 

Arizona 

Munds, Frances W. 

Alabama 

Hundley, Mrs. Oscar 
Logan, Adella Hunt 

California 

Bidwell, Annie K. 

Bodwell, Beda S. Sperry 

Brown, Emily A. 

Ballard, Adelaide 

Braly, J. H. 
*Braly, Mrs. J. H. 

Cachot, Catherine 

Corbert.Annie L. 

Deering, Frank P. 

Deering, Mabel Craft 

Dwight, Florence E. 

Elliott, Albert H. 

Faulkner, Anne R. 

Goodridge, Mrs. Benjamin 

Gould, Mary E. F. 

Hollingsworth, Alice L. 

Howard, Emma Shafter 
*Howard, Karl 

Howard, Maud Shafter 

Janvier, Louisa S. 

Jewett, Fidelia 

Jordan, David Starr 

Kaufman, Viola 
*Keith, William 

Keith, Mary McHenry 

Keen, Mary S. 

Krebbs, Abbie E. 

Martin, Miss L. J. 

McHenry, Ellen J. 



Moore, Mrs. A. A. 

Rosebrook, Frances H. 

Ringrose, Mrs. Rhoderic 

Schlingheyde, Clara 

Sperry, Mary Simpson 
*Sargent, Ellen Clark 

Sperry, Dr. Mary A. 

Spencer, Philenda 

Stambach, Helen W. K. 

Stambach, Dr. Ida V. 

Swift, Mary Wood 
*Taylor, Lucretia Watson 

Waters, Margaret E. 

Way, Amanda 

Whelan, Carrie A. 
*Wright, Emily G. . 

Wills, Madeline Francis 

/ Canada 

Hughes, Laura C. 

Colorado 

Ashley, Susan Riley 
Bradford, Mary C. C. 
Cornwall, Amy K. 
Laughlin, Gail 
Meredith, Emily R. 
Meredith, Ellis 
*Patterson, Katherine A. G. 

Connecticut 

*Hooker, Isabella Beecher 
*Lewis, H. J. 

Delaware 

Cranston, Martha S. 

District of Columbia 

Barber, Julia L. Langdon 
Blount, Lucia E. 
Crocker, Charlotte 



Deceased 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



127 



Ezekiel, Rachel Brice 

Gillett, Emma M. 
*Hemstreet, Elizabeth 

Henderson, Mary Foote 

Henry, Margaret J. 

Jenkins, Alice J. 

Kent, Carrie E. 

McClary, Lizzie 

Mills, Hannah Cassell 
*McPherson, Mary A. 
*McWhirter, Martha 

Monroe, Emma F. 
*Nason, Mary C. 

Noyes, Ruth Astor 

Owen, Robert L. (Senator) 
*Parnell, Rosena M. 

Richards, Janet E. 
*Snow, Sophronia C. 

Talbot, Mary L. 

Terrell, Mary Church 
*Thompson, Ellen Powell 

Tindall, Helen Rand 

Terry, Mary E. 

Wright, Jessie Waite 

White, Nettie Lovisa 

White, Mrs. John Jay 

Georgia 

*Thomas, Gertrude C. 

Florida 

Jewett, Mary B. 

Idaho 

Boyce, Eleanor B. 

Illinois 

Addams, Jane 

Bradford, Emily 
*Butlin, Mrs. Minerva 
*Campbell, Margaret W. 

Dennett, Climenia K. 

Fifield, Ellen E. B. 

Fifield, Elizabeth M. 

Gross, Maud Emily 

Harwood, Bertha 

Kendall. Anna N. 



McCormick, Katharine Louise 
McCulloch, Catharine Waugh 
McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 2d 
Noyes, Ida S. 
Schneppe, Angie Rand 
Smith, Dr. Julia Holmes 
Shanklin, Gertrude A. 
Springer, Elmina E. 
Ward, Mrs. Coonley 

Indiana 
Bybee. Mary Isabella 
Pierce, Alice Wheeler 
Sewall, May Wright 

Iowa 

Adams. Mary Emsley 

Barnes, Josephine A. 
*Bemis, George W. 
*Bemis, Birdie May 

Burghardt, Caroline V. 
*Callahan, Martha C. 
*Coggeshall, Mary J. 

Gale, A. H. 

Hinkle, Dr. George W. 
*Logan, Nancy 

MoCarron, Sarah T. 
*Romans. Metie Laub 

Kansas 

Diggs, Mabel La Porte 
Gregg, Laura A. 
Hoffman, C. A. 
Johnston, Lucy B. 
Morrow, Sarah E. 
Stivers, Mrs. H. 
Stubbs, Mrs. W. R. 

Kentucky 

Bennett, Sarah Clay 
Clay, Laura 
Clay, Mary B. 
Davies, Sarah Coonley 
Giltner, Mary E. 
Robinson, Helen Avery 
Trimble, Mary R. 
White. Laura R. 



128 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Louisiana 

Coleman, Dudley H. 

Gordon, Jean M. 

Gordon, Kate M. 

Gordon, Fannie R. 
♦Merrick, Caroline E. 

O'Brien, Kate Mushet 

Ordway, Evelyn Walch 

Otis, Susannah N. 
♦Romain, Jesica Coleman 

Stevens, Jess 

Maine 

Baker, Harriet U. Fuller 

Bates, Helen N. 

Day, Lucy Ho'bart 
*Donnell, Lilla Floyd 

Fernald, Mrs. Fannie J. 

Fuller, Dr. Jennie 
♦Fulton, Dr. Abby M. 
♦Hamilton, Sara Fairfield 

Osgood, Etta H. 
♦Spofford, C. W. 
*Spofford, Jane H. 

Maryland 

♦Barton, Clara 

♦Bates, Mrs. Octavia Williams 

Garrett, Miss Mary 

Grove, Margaret J. 
♦Miller, Caroline Hallowell 

Overton, Constance Mills 

Rogers, Mrs. Julia R. 

Wright, Mrs. Jessie Waite 

Massachusetts 

♦Anders, Carrie 

Atkins, Martha N. 

Blackwell, Alice Stone 
♦Blackwell, Henry B. 

Bourne, Elizabeth 
* Fowler, Anna G. 

Garrison, Ellen Wright 

Hi!!, Nellie S. Smith 

; [owe, Julia Ward 

Ireson, [Catherine Choate 



Nichols, Mae 
Paul, Anne 
Powers, Ellen F. 
Shaw. Pauline A. 
*Simpson, Eunice J. 
Smith, Judith W. 
Smith, Myrtle 
Stolle, Antoine 

Michigan 

♦Blodgett, Delos A. 

Blodgett, Daisy Peck 

Curtis, Katharine Shaw 
♦Hall, Olivia B. 
*Hollister, Lillian N. 

Jenkins, Helen P. 

Perry, Belle N. 

Minnesota 

Anderson, Mrs. A. T. 
Cash, Alice Scott 
Farmer, Mrs. Eugenia B. 
MoClary, Clyde 
McClary, Lizzie 
Koch, Dr. Margaret 
Nelson, Julia B. 
Russell, Elizabeth A. 
Stockwell, Maud C. 
Thompson. Sarah Vail 
Wheeler. Mary Powell 

Montana 
Dann, Mrs. P. A. 

Missouri 

Turner, Sarah E. 

New York 

Avery, Susan Look 

Anderson, Sarah E. 
♦Anthony, Susan B. 
♦Anthony. Mary S. 

Alleman. Zobedia 

Bahl, Carrie 

Brannan, Mrs. John Winters 

Babcock, .Mamie R. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



129 



Belmont, Mrs. Oliver H. P. 

Babcock, Elnora N. 
*Bradley, Victoria 

Brooks, Laura Sprague 

Baker, Jennie V. 

Benedict, Mrs. Crystal Eastman 

Cuinet, Dr. L. Adele 

Cameron, Amelia 
*Carey, Cornelia H. 
*Catt, George W. 

Catt, Mrs. Carrie Chapman 
*Chapman, Marianna W. 

Craigie, Mrs. M.ary E. 

Carpenter, Mrs. Herbert S. 

Cooley, Winifred Harper 

Crossett, Mrs. Ella Hawley 
*Davis, Amelia Stowell 
*Dewey, Emogene L. 
♦Dormitzer, Anna 

Eastman, Max 

Ely, Sophia Fuller 

Emery, Dr. Mary W. 

Flanders, Gertrude A. 

Fraser, Mrs. Nicholas Shaw 

French, Blanche Culbertson 

Fraser, Rachel Shaw 

Friedlander, Rebecca 

Gaffney, Fannie Humphreys 
*Gage, Matilda Joslyn 

Gannett, Mary T. L. 

Gannett, Charlotte Katherine 

Greenleaf, Jean Brooks 

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins 

Gleason, Dr. Kate 
♦Hackstaff, Priscilla Dudley 
*Hallock, Sarah V. 

Hallowell, Mary H. 

Harper, Mrs. Ida Husted 

Hay, Marg G. 

Howland, Miss Emily 

Howland, Miss Isabel 
♦Howland, Hannah L. 

Hull, Dorcas 

Ivins, Mrs. Emma G. 

Ivins, Mr. Wm. H. 
*Jacobi, Dr. Mary Putnam 



Kenyon, Rhody J. 

Lauterbach, Amanda F. 

Leslie, Mrs. Frank 

Lewis, Edna B. 

Lewis, Katherine, 2d 

Loines, Mary Hilliard 

Loines, Hilda 

Loines, Sylvia 

Lapham, Mary Elizabeth 

Lapham, Samantha Vail 

Laidlaw, James Lees 

Laidlaw, Harriet Burton 

Mackay, Mrs. Clarence 

May, Miss Marion 
♦Miller, Anne Fitzhugh 
♦Miller, Elizabeth Smith 

Mills, Harriet A. 

Mills, Harriet May 

Mortimor, Mignonette S. 

Murtrugh, Sarah A. C. 

Otis, Elizabeth G. 

Ostranda, Sarah E. 

Parsons, Sarah Ely 

Peck, Mary Gray 

Prather, A. S. 

Prather, Martha Fuller 

Purton, Euphemia C. 

Raynesford, Georgia F. 

Reilly, Caroline I. 

Ricker, Dr. Marcena Sherman 

Ripley, Julia T. 

Sanford, Mary Thayer 
*Sargent, James F. 
*Sargent, Angelina M. 
♦Stanton, Elizabeth Cady 

Sweet, Mrs. Emma B. 

Sisson, Mrs. Roby S. 
♦Slocum Fanny T. 

Taber, Susan J., M.D. 
♦Townsend, Marcia Allen 

Villard, Mrs. Fanny Garrison 

Weeks, Mrs. Anna Ross 
♦Willard, Elizabeth A. 

Williams, Juliet Willets 

Wilbour, Charlotte B. 

Willis, Sarah L. 



130 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



New Jersey 

Blackwell, Rev. Antoinette Brown 

Hall, Florence Howe 

Hartshorn, Joanna 

Houlings, Laura Lloyd 
*Hussey, Cornelia C. 

Hussey, Dr. Mary D. 
*Krom, Mrs. S. R. 

Laddey, Mrs. Clara S. 

Lippincott, Anna W. Houlings 
*Lippincott, Susan W. 

Mayhew, Calista S. 

Paul, Alice 

Sexton, Minola Graham 

Spotteswoode, Dr. Sarah C. 

Squier, Ellen Hoxie 

Vail, Elizabeth M. 

New Hampshire 

*Ives, Susan A. Whiting 
Ricker, Marilla M. 
White, Armenia S. 

Nebraska 

Albertson, Anjennette 

Brayton, Alice Isabel 

Carriker, Ollie K. 

Daily, Annie 

Dewey, Rev. Louis 

Harn, Ellen D. 

Hayward, Mary Smith 
*Marble, Amanda J. 

Norris, Fannie C. 

Nelson, Nettie N. 

Philbrick, Mrs. M. B. 

Philbrick, Dr. Inez C. 

Ward, Mary G. 

Wells, Anna A. 
Whitesell, Mrs. Susan 

Williams, Mary H. 
♦Young, Clara A. 

Ohio 

Bacon, Anna Anthony 
Bissell, Sarah A. 
*Casement, John S. 



Casement, Frances M. 

Doty, Audrey I. 
♦Elwell, Martha H. 
*Evergard, Caroline McCullough 

Hall, Anne S. 

Hauser, Elizabeth J. 

H'auser, Mary B. 
♦McCall, Sallie J. 
*Mott, Anna C. 

Peters, Alice E. 
*Segur, Rosa L. 
*Southworth, Louisa 

Siewers, Dr. Sarah W. 

Sturgis, Susan M. 
*Taylor, Ezra B. 

Tucker, Anna Ruth 

Upton, Harriet Taylor 

Oregon 

Buchman, Jane Y. 
Coe, Viola M. 
Colby, Clara Bewick 
Duniway, Abigail Scott 
Duniway, Dorothy Edith 
Mallory, Lucy A. 
Therkelson, Mary 
Thompson, Dr. Mary A. 

Pennsylvania 

Anthony, Lucy E. 

Avery, Rachel Foster 
*Bartol, Emma J. 

Blankenburg, Lucretia L. 

Brasier, Ellen K. 

Brasier, Emma J. 

Boyer, Ida Porter 

Campbell, Katherine J. 

Costelloe, Rachel 

Dewald, Kate W. 
*Foster, Julia T. 

Garrett, Elizabeth N. 

Goudis, Alberta Morehouse 

Green, Grace G. 

Green, Lola M. B. 

Hadley, Alice P. 

Hoffman, Caroline C. 

Hovenden, Martha M. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



131 



James, Alvin T. 
*James, Helen N. 
*James, Edith C. 

Jenkins, Mary S. A. 
*Kemp, Dr. Agnes 

Koethen, Lidie W. 

Lippincott, Caroline 

Lippincott, Emily L. 

Lippincott, Mary W. 
'''Longshore, Hannah E. 

Medley, Dr. Jennie E. 

Osgood, Etta H. 

Pierce, Charlotte L. 

Price, Ellen H. E. 

Rees, Jacob 

Rendell Elinor 

Robinson, Caroline Hadley 

Sellers, Sarah Pennock 

Shaw, Anna Howard 

Stecker, M. J. 

Smith, Virginia Shaw 

Smith, Eleanor Shaw 

Smith, Eudora Shaw 

Smith, Lincoln Shaw 
Thompson, M. Adeline 

Thomas, M. Carey 

Oklahoma 
Biggers, Kate H. 
♦Griffiths, Rachel Rees 
Stephens, Adelia C. 
Rees, Rachael 

Rhode Island 
Dewing, Ardelia Cook 
Eddy, Sarah J. 
Wilbour, Sarah S. 

South Carolina 

•Neblett, A. Violet 
Schofield, Martha 

South Dakota 
Johnson, Philema Everett 
Woods, Dr. Frances 



Tennessee 

Brown, Frances Fort 
Stephens, Dr. Madge P. 

Texas 

Finnegan, Annette 

Utah 

Richard, Emily S. 
Wells, Emmeline 

Virginia 

Johnston, Mary 
Johnston, Elizabeth 
Johnston, Eloise 
*Minor, Virginia L. 

Vermont 

Chandler, Mrs. A. D. 
♦Scott, Caroline 

Washington 

Brown, Annie M. 
DeVoe, Emma Smith 
Eaton, Dr. Cora Smith 
Htitton, May Arkwright 
Richardson, Ora Brown 
Smith, Mrs. George A. 

West Virginia 

Cummins, Elizabeth 
Cummins, Anna M. 
Elliott, Albert 11 
Kendall, Virginia II. 
Parsons, Mrs. N. C. 

Wisconsin 

Brown, Rev. Olympia 
Holden, Belle S. 
James, Laura 



132 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



DELEGATES PRESENT AT CONVENTION 



Alabama 

Pattie R. Jacobs, President 
Mrs. Felix Baldridge 
Mrs. Oscar Hundley 
Mrs. Milton Humes 
Grace Francis 
Lulu Francis 
Grace Walker 
Amelia Worthington 

California 

Mrs. Wm. Kent, President, proxy. 
Jessie Anthony 
Helen Todd 
Frances Wills 
Katharine Fisher 

Colorado 

Unrepresented 

Connecticut 

Katharine Hepburn, President 

Mrs. Chidlow 

M. Miner 

Mrs. Frank Day 

Mrs. Hoisington 

Clara M. Hill 

Elsie Hill 

Mrs. Frederick Johnson 

Mary Buckley 

Mrs. Knox 

Mrs. Philip Leaken 

Caroline Ruutz-Rees 

Mrs. Laura Tucker 

Dr. W. Allee 

Mrs. W. Allee 

Mrs. George H. Day 

Mrs. John Beattie 



Lilian Dixon 

Miss E. A. Newton 

Mrs. C. W. Perry 

Mrs. Leonard H. Dyer 

Florence Lee 

Mrs. H. H. Keeler 

Mrs. Hannah Sturgess 

Dorothy Crane 

Mrs. F. Butterworth 

Emily Louise Plumley 

Mrs. Herman Pauli 

Mrs. Wm. Spencer Murray 

Mrs. J. C. Schwab 

Mrs. E. B. Whitney 

Mrs. W. E. Scott 

Mrs. Carlos Stoddard 

Mrs. Sarah Fay 

Mrs. Samuel Pierson 

Miss Emily Pierson 

Mrs. A. E. S. Taylor 

Mr. A. O. S. Taylor 

Mrs. T. C. Purdy 

Alyse Gregory 

Mary B. Ely 

Mary Olcott 

Mrs. Joseph Parsons 

Dr. Sophia Penfield 

Mrs. Grace G. Seton 

Miss Emma L. Waldo 

Mrs. Mary Ward 

Mrs. C. E. Wilcox 

Mrs. George Wilcox 

Mrs. Parker 

Delaware 

Martha Cranston, President 
Helen A. Cranston 
Eliza L. Jones 
Mary R. DeVou 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



133 



District of Columbia 

Nina E. Allender, President 
Mrs. Wesley Stoner 
Mrs. Gilson Gardner 
Mrs. Helen Gardener 
Mrs. Randolph Forrest 
Mrs. Neville M. Hopkins 

Florida 

Unrepresented 

Georgia 

Mrs. Mary L. McLendon, 

President 
Mrs. Leonard Grossman 

Indiana, E. S. A. 

Anna Dunn Noland, President 

Indiana, W. F. L. 

Dr. Amelia Keller, President 
Mrs. Elizabeth C. Earl 
Miss Eldena Lauter 

Illinois 

Mrs. G. W. Trout, President 

Anna B. Detwiler 

Mrs. Mary Bourland 

Mary Washburn 

Marion Walters 

Catherine W. McCulloch 

Mrs. L. B. Bishop 

Mary Miller 

Edith Wyatt 

Mary R. Smith 

E. Beatrix Dauchy 

Mary Anderson 

Mrs. L. Irish 

Mrs. H. F. Drury 

Mrs. Claude Stone 

Marie Smith 

Mrs. Thomas Rhodus 

Carrie A. Bahrenburg 

Annie Wallace Hunt 

Ella A. Brown 



Margaret Dobyne 
Mrs. Sherman Booth 
Florence King 
Mary Dohaney 
Mrs. Henrietta Daniels 
Mrs. Lewis French 
Mrs. Medill McCormick 
Dr. Lucy Waite 
C. S. Brown 

Iowa 

Flora Dunlap, President 
Mrs. Ella McRose 
Mrs. P. J. Mills 
Lettie Fitch 
Ella G. Caldwell 
Virginia M. Brenner 
Mrs. A. B. Cummins 
Dr. Nina W. Dewey 

Kansas 

Helen N. Eacker, President 

Kentucky 

Mrs. Desha Breckinridge, President 

Mrs. Thomas Jefferson Smith 

Mrs. Mary C. Cramer 

Miss Laura Clay 

Mrs. Lafferty 

Mrs. Lyman Chalkley 

Mrs. Hy. Lloyd 

Mrs. James Bennett 

Mrs. Chas. Firth 

Mrs. C. M. Freeman 

Mrs. C. C. Brittain 

Mrs. Will Shanks 

Mrs. Thurston Ballard 

Louisiana 

Miss Jean Gordon, President 
Florence Loeber 

Louisiana, W. S. P. 

Mrs. Edgar Cahn, Chairman 
Mrs. John Meehan 



134 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Maine 

Helen N. Bates, President 
Mrs. Hobart Day 
Mrs. George Woodman 
Miss Ella Woodman 

Maryland, W. S. A. 

Emma M. Funck, President 
Mary B. Holton 
Margaret Weilepp 

Maryland, J. G. L. 

Mrs. Donald Hooker, President 

Mrs. B. J. Byrne 

Mrs. Amy Patterson 

Edith A. Heiser 

Mrs. Janey Coates 

Mrs. George Latimer 

Eleanore White 

Mrs. Frank Ramey 

Mrs. Wm. P. Holmes 

Mrs. J. Ross Thompson 

Mrs. Joseph White 

Mrs. Chas. Keller 

Mrs. Calvin Gabriel 

Lola Carson Trax 

Mrs. Leonard Hayes 

Mrs. Robert Moss 

Mrs. Pope 

Mrs. Kirby 

Maryland E. F. L. 

Mrs. Wm. Johns Brown, President 

Mrs. Chas. E. Ellicott 

Mrs. Wm. M. Ellicott 

Mrs. Lulu Reese Heard 
Caroline Bansemer 

Mrs. George H. Wright 

Mrs. George Lamb 

Mrs. S. Johnson Poe 

Michigan 

Mrs. O. H. Clark. President 
Mrs. James Blair 
Mrs. Ida McPherson 



Mrs. Belle Brotherton 
Mrs. Huntley Russell 
Mrs. G. B. Jennison 

Massachusetts, W. S. A. 

Alice S. Blackwell, President 

Gertrude H. Leonard 

Susan Wilcox 

Mrs. Gertrude Newell 

Mary L. Gay 

Mrs. Edward Townsend 

Teresa Crowley 

Katharine Millard 

Mrs. Emma Blackwell 

Mrs. George Stearns 

Mrs. Benjamin Pitman 

Mrs. Eliza Whiting 

Mary H. Page 

Amelia Hollingsworth 

Margaret Foley 

Mrs. Richard Child 

Mrs. L. P. Mitchell 

Mrs. Marston 

Massachusetts, P. E. U. 

Mrs. Helen S. Parker, President 

Mrs. Celia J. White 

Dr. Annette Shaw 

Camilla Whitcomb 

Mrs. Wirt Dexter 

Alma Wiesner 

Edna Lawrence Spencer 

Martha Morris 

Mary A. Howe 

Anne Paul 

Dr. Eliza Ransom 

Mary A. Carson 

Mrs. Browning 

Minnesota W. S. A. 

Mrs. Alfred Bright, President 
Mrs. Geo. Kenyon 
Mrs. Leonora Hamlin 
Elizabeth Nelson 
Gertrude Hunter 
Josephine Murphy 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



135 



Minnesota E. F. L. 

Theresa B. Peyton, President 
Julia Nelson 

Missouri 

Mrs. Walter Miller, President 
Mr>. Mary Clagett 

Mississippi 
Miss Emily Perry 

Montana 
Jeannette Rankin, Chairman 
Mrs. Thomas Stout 
Mrs. A. P. Anderson 
Mrs. J. M. Evans 

Nebraska 

Mrs. Draper Smith, President 

L. P. Webster 

Mrs. J. W. Johnson 

Mrs. Lena Chalfont 

Mrs. Raymond Morgan 

Mrs. George Alex 

Mrs. James Richardson 

Nevada 
Miss Anne Martin, President 

New Hampshire 

Martha Kimball, President 

Agnes Jenks 

Mrs. Ralph Gallinger 

Anna E. Stevens 

Ina Montgomery 

Mrs. Chas. Reynolds 

Mrs. Juliet Rwblee 

New Jersey W. S. A. 

Lillian Feickert, President 

Mrs. Clara Laddey 

Helen Lippincott 

Mrs. Arthur Hunter 

Mrs. C. B. Karr 

Mrs. E. C. Oppenheim 

Mrs. D. W. Macdonald 



Mrs. C. L. Olmsted 
Mrs. George Scott 
Fannie Anthony 
Lillie Hastings 
Helen Paul 
Mrs. A. E. DuBois 
Dr. Mary Hussey 
Mrs. A. E. 11 alien 
M rs. Viola Agnero 
Mrs. Albert Wood 
Mrs. E. Y. Cohen 
Frances Baker 
Ida Riley 
Mrs. J. T. Baker 
Esther Ogden 
Marion Holmes 
Mrs. W. L. Decker 
Mrs. A. Swan Brown 

New Jersey W. P. U. 

Mina Van Winkle, President 
Laura Newton 
Julia S. Hurlbut 

New York W. S. A. 

Mrs. Raymond Brown, President 

Lucy Watson 

Mary Beard 

Inez Milholland Boissevain 

Mrs. Porter Norton 

Miss E. H. Lord 

Louise Taylor 

Anne Herendeen 

Portia Willis 

Mrs. Henry Danforth 

Mrs. Oliver H. P. Belmont 

Mrs. E. V. Stoddard 

Mrs. George H. Lewis 

Mrs. F. G. Paddock 

Mrs. Ella Nye Palmer 

Dr. Harriet Doane 

Mrs. M. M. Welsh 

Mrs. P. F. Maine 

Mrs. Alfred G. Lewis 

Mrs. Roswell Skeel, Jr. 

Marie Preston 



136 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Mrs. Sadie R. Dunn 
Mrs. Henry Dey 
Mrs. Ella Crossett 
Mrs. .Ella S. Capwell 
Elizabeth Freeman 
Mrs. Wm. Gannett 
Mrs. Helen B. Owens 
Mrs. Walter Chambers 
Miss Ida Craft 
Mrs. Edna Kearns 
Katheryn Starbuck 
Dr. Adele Cuinet 
Mrs. Arthur Livermore 
Harriet May Mills 
Mrs. Ella O. Guilford 
Mrs. Lucy Calkins 
Miss Emily Howland 
Mrs. Helen Hoy Greeley 
Mrs. Walter McDougall 
Mrs. M. J. Michael 
Sara Wadsworth 
Mrs. Wm. Canough 
Gertrude Watson 
Mrs. Dexter P. Rumsey 
Mrs. Henry Cannon 
Mrs. Henry Villard 
Mrs. Frances Bjorkman 
Rosalie Jones 

New York W. S. P. 

Mary G. Hay, President 
Mrs. Florence Woolston 
Mrs. Anna Ross Weeks 
Mrs. E. Edward Dreier 
Miss Marion May 
Mrs. Curtis Demorest 

New York W. P. U. 

Mrs. John Rogers, Jr. 
Helen Burns 

Mrs. Norman Whitehouse 
Anna Constable 

North Dakota 

Not represented 



North Carolina 

Myrtle Bunn 

Mrs. E. St. Clair Thompson 

Ohio W. S. A. 

Harriet Taylor Upton, President 
Mrs. D. L. Davisson 
Dr. Sarah Siewers 
Mrs. M. S. McMahn 
Mrs. McClellan Brown 

Ohio E. F. L. 

Flora Worthington, President 
Lily L. Morrill 
Marguerite Molitor 
Mary C. Dietz 
Martha Chestnut 

Oklahoma 

Not represented 

Oregon E. S. L. 

Not represented 

Pennsylvania 

Mrs. Frank Roessing, President 

Jane Campbell 

Mrs. Louise J. Lyle 

Mrs. Wm. Derr 

Mrs. Edwin Linton 

Mrs. Robert K. Young 

Mrs. John O. Miller 

Mrs. H. Neely Fleming 

Miss Elizabeth Bunnell 

Mrs. Elizabeth H. P. Burns 

Mrs. H. H. Harvey 

Hannah J. Patterson 

Mrs. John Wrenshall 

Mary A. Burnham 

Miss S. M. Bennett 

Mrs. John L. MoCutcheon 

Mrs. T. Irish 

Mary Jackson Norcross 

Mrs. George Piersol 

Lila Stokes Adams 

Dr. Jane Bailey 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



137 



Mrs. Wilfred Lewis 
Mrs. Maxwell Chapman 
Mrs. Chas. F. Etter 
Miss Louise Hall 
Mrs. Mabel C. Jones 
Katherine B. Lance 
Mrs. Wm. Lukens 
Mrs. Frances Maxwell 
Katharine Reed 
Elizabeth Blanchard 
Mrs. C. P. Welles 

Rhode Island 

Elizabeth U. Yates, President 

Mary B. Anthony 

Esther Abelson 

Ethel W. Parks 

Ethel K. Simes-Nowell 

Tennessee 

Mrs. L. C. French 
Catherine J. Wester 
Hannah Price 
Mrs. P. P. Claxton 
Margaret Ervin 

Texas 

Annie Maxwell 

Mrs. Albert Burleson 

Mrs. Edward Harris 

Mrs. O. Sells 

Mrs. James Slayden 

Miss Louise Murphy 

Vermont 

Not represented 

Virginia 

Lila Meade Valentine, President 
Kate Waller Barrett 
Mrs. George Richardson 
Mrs. E. G. Kidd 
Mrs. J. S. Durham 
Mrs. H. C. McDowell 
Mrs. C. E. Townsend 
Mrs. J. Allen Watts 



Mrs. W. J. Adams 
Rose MacDonald 
Mrs. F. L. Jobson 
Miss Janetta Fitzhugh 
Mrs. G. Harvey Clarke 
Mrs. Wm. W. King 
Mrs. Chas. Meredith 
Mrs. J. Graham 
Miss Terry 
Mrs. Chas. Everhard 
Anna Savage 

Wisconsin 

Theodora Youmans, President 

Ada L. James 

Agnes E. Nelson 

Mrs. H. M. Holton 

Miss Mary Connor 

Mrs. E. S. Jordan 

Mrs. Joseph Jastrow 

Washington 

Not represented 

West Virginia 

Margaret McKinney, President 
Mrs. Beulah B. Ritchie 
Mrs. Ethel C. McBee 

Friends Eq. Rights 

Eliza A. W. Hoag 
Mona W. Sill 
Mrs. George Odell 

Eq. Franchise Society N. Y. 

Helen C. Mansfield, President 

National College League 

Miss Marion Riley 
Mrs. Maud Wood Park 
Miss May Wolf 
Eliza Kennedy 
Mrs. Walter Hervey 
Mrs. Willis Stephens 
Mrs. Solomon Hirsch 
Mrs. Harris Cooley 



138 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Miss Agnes E. Ryan 
Mrs. Francis Lavertu 
Margaret Klingelsmith 
Emma Gillett 
Anne H. Abel 
Kathryn Sellers 
Annie Brae 
Mrs. Harry Francis 
Lucy Burns 
Vide Hunt Francis 
Mary E. Garrett 
Mrs. Londa Fletcher 
Dr. Clara Ludlow 
Miss Doris Stevens 
Dr. Kate Baldwin 
Mrs. Chas. L. Tiffany 
Miss Mary Towle 
Dr. Mary Sherwood 
Mrs. John Wilson 
Miss Mabel Willard 
Mrs. Irving C. Moller 



Mrs. C. W. Guth 
Dr. Cora Smith King 
Miss Joy Webster 
Mrs. Sarah M. Algeo 
Mrs. Arthur Knox 
Maud Lowrey 
Jessie Hardy Stubbs 
Mrs. E. F. Burchard 
Katharine Willard 
Elizabeth Kirkbride 

Congressional Union 

Mary Lockwood, President 
Caroline Katzenstein 
Ruth Astor Noyes 
Mrs. John J. White 
Harriet Dulles 

Honolulu W. S. A. 

Not represented. 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



139 



PLEDGE LIST 
WASHINGTON, DECEMBER, 1913 



Susan Look Avery $ 100.00 

Jane Addams 50.00 

Alabama W. S. A 50.00 

Miss Lucy Anthony 25.00 

Mrs. W. H. Allee 25.00 

Dr. W. H. Alee 10.00 

Mrs. G. Edgar Allen 10.00 

Mrs. W. J. Adams 1.00 

Mrs. Joseph T. Bowen... 1,000.00 

Mrs. Bennett (Kentucky). 100.00 
Mrs. Bourland, for Maria 

Bourland, daughter (111.) 10.00 
Mrs. Bourland, for Lang- 
ford Todd Bourland, son 

(111.) 10.00 

Mrs. Belle Brotherton 50.00 

Mrs. Kate W. Barrett 10.00 

Ida Porter Boyer 12.00 

Martha Bomberger 2.00 

Mary Burnham 100.00 

Mrs. Brotherton, co-oper- 
ating membership for 

daughter 10.00 

Mrs. Bahrenburg 10.00 

Mrs. V. Branner 50.00 

Mr. A. H. Braly 100.00 

Connecticut W. S. A 365.00 

Connecticut W. S. A. (Mrs. 

Purdy) 10.00 

California 100.00 

Mrs. Winston Churchill... 100.00 

Miss Anna Constable 10.00 

Mrs. E. M. Cahn co-operat- 
ing membership 10.00 

Congressional Union 10.00 

Cash 1.00 

Anna Coustable 10.00 



Collection 100.60 

Anna Constable 25.00 

Mary Roberts Corse for 

Baltimore Friends 10.00 

Mrs. T. C. Chadbournse. 15.00 

Martha Cranston 25.00 

Connecticut Men's League 100.00 

Mrs. H. W. Cannon -40.00 

Helen A. Colhoun 10.00 

Cash (in memory of Mrs. 

Arthur Dodge) 5.00 

College Equal Suffrage 

League, Pa 25.00 

Mrs. Wirt Dexter 1,000.00 

District of Columbia 150.00 

Delaware 20.00 

Marion Drake 20.00 

Mary E. Donnelly 10.00 

Col. Day 5.00 

Mrs. Dennett 20.00 

Fred Douglass 5.00 

Mrs. George Day 10.00 

Mrs. Drury 1.00 

Mrs. O. F. Davisson 10.00 

Mrs. Wirt Dexter 200.00 

Mr. Homer A. Dunn 10.00 

Rowland Dunn 10.00 

Violet Dandridge 5.00 

District of Columbia, 719 

14th St., N. W 5.00 

Mrs. Win. Ellicott (Balti- 
more) 100.00 

Helen Eacker (Kansas)... 10.00 

Margaret H. Ervin, Jr 10.00 

Katharine Fisher co-oper- 
ating membership 10.00 

Katharine Freeman 10 00 



140 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



Mrs. Susan FitzGerald ... 23.00 
Miss Francis, co-operating 

membership 10.00 

Mrs. Louis Clark French.. 10.00 

Miss Mary Garrett 500.00 

Miss Kate Gordon 50.00 

Georgia 15.00 

A. M. Goudiss 12.00 

Mrs. Helen Hoy Greeley, 

co-operating membership 10.00 
Miss Gillette, co-operating 

membership 10.00 

Edith J. Goodes 10.00 

L. J. Grossman 10.00 

Mary Gannett 25.00 

Kate Gleason, $100.00 per 

month 1,200.00 

Miss Emily Howland 300.00 

Mrs. Frederick S. Holt 

(Michigan) 50.00 

Miss Hulburt 10.00 

Miss Hubbell 10.00 

Martha Davis Hundley . . . 10.00 

Mary Hollister 5.00 

Clara M. Hill 10.00 

Marie Jenney Howe 15.00 

Miss A. S. Hall 10.00 

Justice Henry 100.00 

Mrs. Oscar Hundley 50.00 

Mrs. Wm. Hearst 100.00 

Florence Hedges 5.00 

Mrs. Abbie Ham 10.00 

Elizabeth Haines (Ohio).. 10.00 

Jennie DeV. Harvey 10.00 

Carrie Harrison 10.00 

H. J. Hifton 15.00 

Lena Hitchock 10.00 

Mrs. Oscar Hundley 2.00 

Mrs. C. W. Hizer 10.00 

Mrs. Hepburn, $2.00 for 

each, 4 children 8.00 

Mrs. Hepburn 10.00 

Mrs. P. Henry 10.00 

Tndiana W. F. L 100.00 

Mrs. Jenks (Boston) 10.00 



Mrs. Jennison, co-operat- 
ing membership (Michi- 
gan ) 10.00 

Miss James 100.00 

Mrs. E. S. Jordan 10.00 

Mrs. G. B. Jennison 10.00 

Selena Kerns, co-operating 

membership 10.00 

Eugene Keller, co-operat- 
ing membership (In- 
diana) 10.00 

Edna Kearns 1.00 

Julian Kennedy 100.00 

A. E. Kennedy 2.00 

Mrs. Wm. Kent 50.00 

Adella Logan 5.00 

Louisiana 50.00 

Mrs. James Lees Laidlaw. 100.00 
Katherine Lewis, 2nd, life 
membership (Geneva, N. 

Y.) 100.00 

Mrs. Clara Laddey 10.00 

Mrs. Clara Laddey, for 

daughter 10.00 

Mrs. George Lamb 10.00 

Louise Laidlaw 10.00 

Mrs. Lawrence Lewis, Jr., 

for Men's League 25.00 

Mrs. Lawrence Lewis .... 10.00 

Edna Latimer 5.00 

Katharine Loakland 5.00 

Mrs. A. G. Lewis 15.00 

Mary Loines 25.00 

Anna Lowenburg 5.00 

Mrs. Lewis 100.00 

Mr. Laidlaw 100.00 

Dr. Edwin Liebfred 10.00 

G.W.Latimer 10.00 

Katherine Lewis 100.00 

Mrs. George Latimer, co- 
operating membership . . 10.00 
Mrs. Stanley McCormick. 1,000.00 

Michigan 100.00 

Minnesota W. S. A 100.00 

Maine W. S. A 50.00 

Mrs. McCutcheon 100.00 



MINUTES OF THE SUFFRAGE CONVENTION 



141 



Mrs. Meredith 20.00 

Missouri 100.00 

Mrs. Meehan (Louisiana). 10.00 
Mrs. Medill McCormick, 
life membership for 

daughter 100.00 

Charles McKee, co-operat- 
ing membership 10.00 

Man for His Mother-in-law ' 10.00 

Marion May 100.00 

Magruder 1.00 

Catharine Waugh McCul- 

loch, Jr., life membership 50.00 

Mary Marston 25.00 

Mrs. Nannie Melvin 5.00 

Michigan Eq. Suffrage As- 
sociation 50.00 

Mrs. M. McCarthy 5.00 

Jane Manderson 5.00 

Felix Mahony 10.00 

Grace McManon 2.00 

New York W. S. A 1,000.00 

North Carolina 100.00 

New Jersey W. S. A 100.00 

Nebraska W. S. A. (Mrs. 

Draper Smith) 100.00 

Mrs. Nelson 10.00 

Mrs. Anna Dunn Noland 

(Indiana) 10.00 

New Hampshire 25.00 

Mrs. Newton (N. J.) 10.00 

Elizabeth Nelson 5.00 

Mrs. Newton 10.00 

New Hampshire (Agnes M. 

Jenks) 10.00 

Lillian Newton 10.00 

Ohio 100.00 

Mrs. Osdyke 10.00 

E. Oppenheim 25.00 

Pennsylvania W. S. A 1,000.00 

Mrs. Parsons (Conn.) .... 100.00 

Anne Paul 100.00 

C D. Pruden 25.00 

Harriet Phillips 10.00 

Helen Parker 10.00 



Mr